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Dingsdag Simon A SA Institute of Dental Research, Westmead Millennium Institute and Centre for Oral Health, Westmead, NSW 2145, - - 2014
The periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis requires porphyrin supplementation for growth. Previously, in order to inhibit P. gingivalis growth, we synthesised very effective 'Trojan horse' ester and amide-linked deuterporphyrin-nitroimidazole (DPIX-Nim) adducts that exploited this requirement to transport metronidazole-derived antibiotics with excellent antimicrobial selectivity and recognition by the HA2 porphyrin binding site. ...
Liotta Flavia F Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and the Southern Lazio, Cassino, Italy - - 2014
This work investigates the role of the moisture content on anaerobic digestion of food waste, as representative of rapidly biodegradable substrates, analysing the role of volatile fatty acid production on process kinetics. A range of total solids from 4.5% to 19.2% is considered in order to compare methane yields and ...
Li Xiaofen X School of Engineering, The University of Waikato, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New Zealand, - - 2014
Many potentially useful intermediates such as hydrogen and volatile fatty acids (VFAs) are formed during the complex anaerobic digestion processes that produce methane from biomass. This study recovers VFAs from an anaerobic digester by a combination of gas stripping and absorption with calcium carbonate slurry. Glucose was used as the ...
Aklujkar Muktak M Department of Biological Sciences, Towson University, - - 2014
Ferroglobus placidus was discovered to oxidize completely the aromatic amino acids tyrosine, phenylalanine, and tryptophan when Fe(III) oxide was provided as an electron acceptor. This property has not been reported previously for a hyperthermophilic archaeon. It appears that F. placidus follows a pathway for phenylalanine and tryptophan degradation similar to ...
Xiao Keke K Advanced Environmental Biotechnology Centre, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Cleantech Loop, Singapore 637141, Singapore; School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, - - 2014
This paper reports on propionic acid (HPr) degradation in a laboratory scale two-phase anaerobic system, where HPr was accumulated in the acidogenic reactor and degraded in the methanogenic reactor. Batch tests using biomass from the two-phase anaerobic system showed HPr degradation was rarely detectable in the acidogenic reactor when HPr ...
Wang Peng P College of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Hebei University of Science and Technology, Shijiazhuang, 050018, China, - - 2014
An efficient fermentation-strengthening approach was developed to improve the anaerobic production of propionic acid and vitamin B12 by co-fermentation with Propionibacterium freudenreichii. Vitamin B12 production from glucose resulted in relatively high productivity (0.35 mg/L h) but a low propionic acid yield (0.55 g/g). By contrast, glycerol gave a high propionic acid yield (0.63 g/g) ...
Rodziewicz Joanna J a University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn , Department of Environment Engineering Warszawska Str. 117a , Olsztyn 10-719 , Poland . E-mail addresses: joanna.rodziewicz@uwm.edu.pl (J. - - 2014
Abstract RBC effluent needs further treatment because of water-quality standards requiring low nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations. It may be achieved by using reactors with biomass immobilized on the filling's surface as post-denitrification biofilm reactors. Due to the lack of organic matter in treated wastewater, the introduction of external carbon sources ...
Xu Jian J The Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, 214122, - - 2014
To solve the problem of extraction wastewater in citric acid industry, an integrated citric acid-methane fermentation process was proposed. In the integrated process, extraction wastewater was treated by mesophilic anaerobic digestion and then reused to make mash for the next batch of citric acid fermentation. In this study, an Aspergillus ...
Kim W Y WY Department of Beef and Dairy Science, Korea National College of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hwaseong, 445-893, - - 2014
This experiment was designed to investigate the effects of different concentrations (0.00, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.25, and 0.30 g/L) of dried Cordyceps militaris mushroom on in vitro anaerobic ruminal microbe fermentation and methane production using soluble starch as a substrate. Ruminal fluids were collected from Korean native cattle, mixed with ...
Monti Matilde M Department of Civil, Chemical, Environmental and Materials Engineering (DICAM), University of Bologna, via Terracini 28, 40131 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Among agro-wastes, olive mill wastewater (OMW) truly qualifies as a high impact organic residue due to its biochemical-rich composition and high annual production. In the present investigation, dephenolized OMW (OMWdeph) was employed as the feedstock for a biotechnological two-stage anaerobic process dedicated to the production of biohydrogen and volatile fatty ...
Falk Harry Michael HM School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University Bremen, Campus Ring 1, 28759, Bremen, - - 2014
An ATR-MIR-FTIR spectrometer was integrated into a laboratory scale anaerobic digestion setup. Automatically, a sludge sample from the digester was transferred to a measurement cell; an IR spectrum was recorded and evaluated by chemometric models to estimate the concentration of the individual volatile fatty acids (VFA). The calibration set included ...
Bah Hamidou H College of Engineering, China Agricultural University, Key Laboratory, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China; Institute Superior of Agronomy and Veterinary of Faranah (ISAV/F), Faranah 131, - - 2014
Palm pressed fiber (PPF) and cattle manure (CM) are the waste which can be managed properly by anaerobic co-digestion. The biogas production in co-digested PPF and CM at three volatile solids (VS) ratios of 3:1, 1:1, and 1:3 was investigated in a series of batch experiments at an organic loading ...
Hernández D D Agricultural Technological Institute of Castilla y León, Ctra. Burgos, km. 119, 47071 Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Renewable fuels and energy are of major concern worldwide and new raw materials and processes for its generation are being investigated. Among these raw materials, algae are a promising source of lipids and energy. Thus, in this work four different algae have been used for lipid extraction and biogas generation. ...
Mittal Amit Kumar AK Department of Pharmaceutical Technology (Biotechnology), National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar 160062, Punjab, - - 2014
In this study a synthetic approach for the stable, mono-dispersed high yielding bimetallic (Ag-Se) nanoparticles by quercetin and gallic acid is described. The bimetallic nanoparticles were synthesized at room temperature. Different reaction parameters (concentration of quercetin, gallic acid and Ag/Se salt, pH, temperature and reaction time) were optimized to control ...
Grossman Rachel - - 2013
The authors report a case of primary CNS lymphoma located in the floor of the fourth ventricle that showed intense fluorescence after preoperative administration of 5-aminolevulinic acid. The authors believe that this is the first demonstration of a 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence pattern in primary CNS lymphoma.
Nam Nguyen-Hai - - 2013
Abstract Since the first histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor (Zolinza®, widely known as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid; SAHA) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of T-cell lymphoma in 2006, the search for newer HDAC inhibitors has attracted a great deal of interest of medicinal chemists worldwide. As ...
Shen Xiao-Jian - - 2012
Preclinical studies have suggested an anti-colorectal cancer effect of n-3 fatty acids, yet epidemiological studies have reported mixed results. The goal of the present meta-analysis was to examine the association between the dietary intake of n-3 fatty acids and colorectal cancer risk by conducting a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. ...
Ashraf Imran - - 2012
Colon cancer risk is high in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Ursodeoxycholic acid has been shown to have some promise as a chemopreventive agent. A meta-analysis was performed to compare the efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid in the prevention of colonic neoplasia in patients with UC ...
Djuric Zora Z Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2012
Long chain n3 fatty acids appear to have beneficial effects in several domains of health relevant to breast cancer survivors. This study evaluated inter-individual differences in serum levels of n3 fatty acids in 40 breast cancer patients who were participating in a pilot study for prevention of weight gain. Significant ...
Knapp P - - 2012
Cancer cells exhibit accelerated rates of metabolism favoring glucose over fatty acid (FA) utilization. For both energy substrates, protein-mediated transport plays an essential role in facilitating glucose or FA movement across plasma membrane into the cells. Scarce data exist regarding the expression of glucose and/or FA transporter in cancer tissue. ...
Ouellet Véronique - - 2012
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is vital for proper thermogenesis during cold exposure in rodents, but until recently its presence in adult humans and its contribution to human metabolism were thought to be minimal or insignificant. Recent studies using PET with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) have shown the presence of BAT in adult ...
Long N M - - 2012
Maternal nutrient restriction leads to alteration in fetal adipose tissue and offspring from obese mothers have an increased risk of developing obesity. We hypothesized that maternal obesity increases fetal adipogenesis. Multiparous ewes (Columbia/Rambouillet cross 3 to 5 yr of age) carrying twins were assigned to a diet of 100% (Control; ...
Shimano Hitoshi - - 2012
Insulin resistance, often associated with obesity, precipitates metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and finally, atherosclerosis. Sources of excess energy cause abnormal accumulation of tissue lipids leading to cellular dysfunction through cellular stress and inflammation. This process is often referred to as lipotoxicity. Until date, effective approaches that aim to overcome ...
Raatz Susan K - - 2012
Compared with diets high in fat, low-fat diets are associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. We hypothesized that a low-fat (LF) (20% fat) and an LF high-omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid diet (LFn3) (23% fat with 3% as α-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid [DHA]) would enhance n-3 composition ...
Okada Toshihiko - - 2012
Adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (A-FABP; FABP4), which is predominantly expressed in macrophages and adipose tissue, regulates fatty acid storage and lipolysis, and is also an important mediator of inflammation. Here, we report a synthesis of (14)C-labeled 2-[2'-(5-ethyl-3,4-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)biphenyl-3-yloxy]acetic acid (BMS309403), a potent and selective small-molecular FABP4 inhibitor, as a chemical ...
Watt Matthew J MJ Dept. of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. - - 2012
Plasma contains a variety of long-chain fatty acids (FAs), such that about 35% are saturated and 65% are unsaturated. There are countless examples that show how different FAs impart specific and unique effects, or even opposing actions, on cellular function. Despite these differing effects, palmitate (C16:0) is regularly used to ...
Pepino Marta Yanina - - 2012
The precise orosensory inputs engaged for dietary lipids detection in humans are unknown. We evaluated whether a common single nucleotide polymorphism (rs1761667) in the CD36 gene that reduces CD36 expression and the addition of orlistat, a lipase inhibitor, to reduce FA release from triacylglycerols (TGs), the main component of dietary ...
Albuquerque Tânia Gonçalves - - 2011
Eighteen brands of potato crisps, frequently consumed, were analyzed to establish their nutritional value in relation to salt, fat and fatty acid (FA) composition. The purpose of the present study was to determine moisture, total fat, salt contents and FA profiles (including trans-FAs), and to identify the oil/fat used for ...
Gögebakan Özlem - - 2012
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) has been suggested to have direct effects on nonislet tissues. GIP also reportedly increased glucose uptake and inhibition of lipolysis in adipocytes after inhibition of the intracellular cortisone-cortisol shuttle 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1). We here analyzed whether GIP modifies lipid metabolism and further elucidated the ...
Sun Xiuhua - - 2012
The development of alcohol-induced fatty liver is associated with a reduction of white adipose tissue (WAT). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-γ prominently distributes in the WAT and plays a crucial role in maintaining adiposity. The present study investigated the effects of PPAR-γ activation by rosiglitazone on lipid homeostasis at the adipose ...
Frayn Keith N - - 2012
Subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue is one of the largest fat depots and contributes the major proportion of circulating nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA). Little is known about aspects of human adipose tissue metabolism in vivo other than lipolysis. Here we collated data from 331 experiments in 255 healthy volunteers over a ...
Shaw Dana K DK Department of Microbial and Molecular Pathogenesis, College of Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Bryan, Texas 77807, - - 2012
The etiological agent of Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, is transmitted by ticks of the Ixodes genus and, if untreated, can cause significant morbidity in affected individuals. Recent reports have shown that polyunsaturated fatty acids in the B. burgdorferi cell envelope are potential targets for oxidative damage, which can be lethal. ...
Bojin Florina Maria - - 2012
Adult bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) can be differentiated in vitro to become adipocyte-like cells with lipid vacuoles, similar to adipocytes derived from adult adipose tissue. Little is known regarding the composition of free fatty acids (FFAs) of the in vitro-differentiated adipocytes, or whether it resembles that of native ...
Harvatine K J - - 2011
Trans-10, cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a potent inhibitor of milk fat synthesis in the dairy cow. The decrease in milk fat yield during abomasal infusion of CLA reaches a nadir after 3 to 5 d. The acute responses to CLA were evaluated using 4 cows in a crossover ...
Kim Junghyun - - 2011
Betulinic acid is a pentacyclic triterpenic acid that exists naturally in many kinds of food and has many biological functions. The present study investigated the antiobesity properties of betulinic acid and possible mechanisms by which betulinic acid functions. To examine the antilipase function of betulinic acid, the ability of betulinic ...
Mendoza Lilia D - - 2012
In the present study, we propose a continuous assay for the screening of sn-2 lipases by using triacylglycerols (TAGs) from Aleurites fordii seed (tung oil) and a synthetic TAG containing the α-eleostearic acid at the sn-2 position and the oleic acid (OA) at the sn-1 and sn-3 positions [1,3-O-dioleoyl-2-O-α-eleostearoyl-sn-glycerol (sn-OEO)]. ...
Ayas Deniz - - 2011
The effects of season and sex on the fatty acids (FAs) and proximate compositions of the mantle of the mature common cuttlefish were evaluated. The results of the proximate composition showed that the lowest lipid content was obtained from females in winter (0.74%), whereas the highest level of lipid was ...
Elshorbagy Amany K - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The concentrations of several plasma amino acids increase in obesity. Notably, plasma total concentrations of the sulphur amino acid cysteine (tCys) are linearly associated with fat mass in large population studies. Animal and cellular experiments support the concept that cysteine may be obesogenic. Here we review experimental ...
Lorenzo José M - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The influence of sex and location of fat in the carcass on the fatty acid profile of Celta pigs was studied. Twenty pigs (10 castrated males and 10 females) from the Carballina line were used. RESULTS: The fatty acids composition was predominated by monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA; approximately 48% ...
Ellero-Simatos Sandrine - - 2011
Adipose tissue is a major storage site for lipophilic environmental contaminants. The environmental metabolic disruptor hypothesis postulates that some pollutants can promote obesity or metabolic disorders by activating nuclear receptors involved in the control of energetic homeostasis. In this context, monoethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) is of particular concern since it was ...
Shu G - - 2011
Lipid accumulation of avian adipocytes is mainly dependent upon the fatty acid transmembrane uptake process mediated by membrane proteins, such as fatty acid translocase (FAT/CD36), fatty acid transport protein 1, and caveolin-2. To examine the effects of FAT/CD36 on spatial-specific fat deposition, 60 broiler chickens were randomly allocated to 2 ...
Shetty Shoba S Touchstone Diabetes Center, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, Texas 75390-9052, - - 2012
Adiponectin overexpression in mice increases insulin sensitivity independent of adiposity. Here, we combined stable isotope infusion and in vivo measurements of lipid flux with transcriptomic analysis to characterize fatty acid metabolism in transgenic mice that overexpress adiponectin via the aP2-promoter (ADNTg). Compared with controls, fasted ADNTg mice demonstrated a 31% ...
Notter Stephanie J - - 2011
  Adipocere is a postmortem decomposition product that consists of a mixture of fatty acids. The rate of formation of adipocere from pig adipose tissue in an aqueous environment has been monitored. The effect of various clothing and carpet material types on the process was investigated. The fatty acid composition ...
Henkin A H - - 2012
The hormonally controlled mobilization and release of fatty acids from adipocytes into the circulation is an important physiological process required for energy homeostasis. While uptake of fatty acids by adipocytes has been suggested to be predominantly protein-mediated, it is unclear whether the efflux of fatty acids also requires membrane proteins. ...
Richter E K - - 2011
To provide further insights into ruminant lipid digestion and metabolism, and into cis-9,trans-11 18:2 synthesis, 12 growing Engadine lambs grazing either mountain pasture (2250 m above sea level; n = 6) or lowland pasture (400 m above sea level; n = 6) were studied. Both pastures exclusively consisted of C(3) ...
Kim Eunha - - 2011
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase1 (SCD1) whole body deficiency protects mice from diet-induced obesity. However the specific mechanism of how SCD1 deficiency protects mice from obesity is not clear yet. To understand the tissue-specific role of SCD1 in energy homeostasis, we investigated the responses of adipocytes, hepatocytes and myotubes to SCD1 inhibition. 3T3-L1 ...
Choi Jong-Hun - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to produce triacylglycerols (TAGs) enriched in pinolenic acid (PLA) at the sn-2 position using the principle of acyl migration, from the pine nut oil containing PLA esterified exclusively at the sn-3 position. Two types of lipase-catalysed reactions, i.e. redistribution and reesterification of fatty acids, ...
Lukasova Martina - - 2011
Nicotinic acid (niacin) has been used for decades to prevent and treat atherosclerosis. The well-documented antiatherogenic activity is believed to result from its antidyslipidemic effects, which are accompanied by unwanted effects, especially a flush. There has been renewed interest in nicotinic acid owing to the need for improved prevention of ...
Zhang Wei - - 2011
Human fatty acid synthase (hFAS) is a homodimeric multidomain enzyme that catalyzes a series of reactions leading to the de novo biosynthesis of long-chain fatty acids, mainly palmitate. The carboxy-terminal thioesterase (TE) domain determines the length of the fatty acyl chain and its ultimate release by hydrolysis. Because of the ...
Labuzek Krzysztof - - 2011
In this study, we compared the effects of atorvastatin and fenofibric acid, which were administered alone or in combination, on the secretory function of human adipocytes that were obtained from the visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues of 19 mixed dyslipidemic patients and 19 subjects with a normal lipid profile. The ...
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