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Results 401 - 450 of 1193
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Im Sungim - - 2004
Headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was used to isolate the off-flavor volatile compounds, which are formed during the oxidation of porcine liver induced by iron. Poly(dimethylsiloxane)/divinylbenzene fiber was used in the HS-SPME. Changes in the volatile compounds of oxidized porcine liver and unsaturated fatty acids induced by iron were examined. ...
Somoskovi Akos - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pyrazinamide is a paradoxical frontline tuberculosis drug characterized by high in vivo sterilizing activity but poor in vitro activity. This separation in pyrazinamide activity reflects differences between the in vivo tissue environment and in vitro culture conditions. The well-known acid pH requirement for pyrazinamide activity was discovered previously based ...
Leveque Nathalie - - 2004
Reactive oxygen species play an important role in inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis. Reactive oxygen species synthesis is catalysed by iron and some species are scavenged by ascorbic acid. The aim of this work was to assess iron and ascorbic acid in uninvolved and involved psoriatic dermis and to ...
Moon Se-Kwon - - 2004
The fungal production of fumaric acid using rice bran and subsequent bacterial conversion of succinic acid using fungal culture broth were investigated. Since the rice bran contains abundant proteins, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals, it is suitable material that fungi use as a nitrogen source. The effective concentration of rice ...
Bernardi C - - 2004
Vinal (Prosopis ruscifolia) is an ecologically important wild leguminous tree that grows spontaneously in Argentine deforested lands, the fruit of which is consumed by humans and animals. Because considerable iron content with low to intermediate availability has been previously reported in vinal pulps, its enhancement would be of interest. Iron ...
Xu Ren-kou - - 2004
Low-molecular-weight(LMW) organic acids widely exist in soils, particularly in the rhizosphere. A series of batch experiments were carried out to investigate the phosphorus release from rock phosphate and iron phosphate by low-molecular-weight organic acids. Results showed that citric acid had the highest capacity to solubilize P from both rock and ...
Librando Vito - - 2004
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) gas phase oxidation with OH radicals was investigated by long path FT-IR spectroscopy and by ion chromatography (IC) and HPLC-MS2 to quantify the reaction products and evaluate heterogeneous processes. The experiments were performed considering two different NOx (NO2+NO) levels. The initial concentration of NO2 was varied from 24 ...
Fidler Meredith C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Erythorbic acid, a stereoisomer of ascorbic acid with similar physicochemical properties, is widely used as an antioxidant in processed foods. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effect of erythorbic acid on iron absorption from ferrous sulfate at molar ratios of 2:1 and 4:1 (relative ...
Krajcovicová-Kudlácková M - - 2004
Experimental and human studies describe the adverse effect of iron or vitamin B6 deficiencies on polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism. Iron is present in end proteins of the delta6-desaturase enzyme complex, and vitamin B6 deficiency can affect the transmethylation reaction of proteins. Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid content was estimated in apparently ...
Kappler Andreas - - 2004
The biological and chemical potential for electron shuttling via humic acids was evaluated by analyzing the depth distribution of humic-acid-reducing and iron-reducing bacteria in a freshwater sediment, and correlating it to the redox characteristics of humic acids and iron. Physicochemical analysis of profundal sediments of Lake Constance revealed a distinct ...
Salovaara Susan - - 2003
Previous studies have shown that organic acids have an impact on both Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake in Caco-2 cell. However, to what extent this effect is correlated with the anion of organic acids per se, or with the resulting decrease in pH, has not yet been clarified. Therefore, we studied ...
Nguyen L Q - - 2003
To establish the relationships between the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue in growing pigs and the intake of fatty acids, we performed a feeding trial and did a literature survey. Six groups of pigs were fed diets with variable combinations of corn, linseed and fish oil. After 38 days, ...
Droke Elizabeth A - - 2003
The Caco-2 cell line was used as a model to determine if the type of fatty acid, unsaturated versus saturated, differentially altered the uptake and transport of iron in the human intestine and if the changes were the result of alterations in monolayer integrity and paracellular transport. Cells were cultured ...
Lim Nathaniel C - - 2003
The synthesis of squaric acid N-hydroxylamide esters 5 and amides 6 from dimethyl squarate 2a is described. These derivatives are analogues of the naturally occurring iron(III) chelator hydroxamic acid. On the basis of a comparative reactivity study, a concerted retro-Cope mechanism for the formation of the N-hydroxylamide esters 5 by ...
Lou Dan-Qing - - 2004
Hepcidin is a 25-amino acid peptide involved in iron homeostasis in mice and humans. It is produced in the liver from a larger precursor, and it is detectable in blood and urine. In contrast to the human genome, which contains only one copy of the gene, the mouse genome contains ...
Christian Parul - - 2003
Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia during pregnancy, although other micronutrient deficiencies may play a role. We examined the effects of daily antenatal and postnatal supplementation with four combinations of micronutrients on maternal hematologic indicators in a double-masked randomized controlled community trial. Communities, called sectors, were ...
Matrajt G - - 2004
Ferrihydrite, an iron oxide hydroxide, is found in all kinds of environments, from hydrothermal hot springs to extraterrestrial materials. It has been shown that this material is nanoporous, and because of its high surface area, it has outstanding adsorption properties and in some cases catalysis properties. In this work we ...
Iqbal M P - - 2003
A mouse-model was used to investigate the effect of methotrexate (MTX) and folinic acid on accumulation of iron in young growing mice. Four equal groups of Balb/c young male mice were treated (subcutaneously) with either MTX, or folinic acid, or MTX plus folinic acid, or physiological saline on every second ...
Rhee Ki Soon - - 2003
Rambouillet and Merino×Rambouillet lambs were assigned to production systems varying in physical environment and diet: RF (raised-floor, open-sided barn/85% oat hay-10% wheat-5% molasses), FL (feedlot/high-concentrate), and P (pasture/grazing plus supplement). Although treatment duration was varied to produce similar final weights, RF lambs were heavier than P lambs, but dressing percentages ...
Hurrell Richard F - - 2003
Vegetable protein sources are often mixed with cereals for complementary feeding. Both contain high levels of phytic acid, which can inhibit trace element and mineral absorption. In adults, phytic acid has been reported to inhibit the absorption of iron, zinc, calcium and manganese but not copper. There are far fewer ...
Tshabalala P A - - 2003
Carcass composition, proximate meat composition, fatty acid composition and sensory characteristics of two breeds of goats, Indigenous (n=12) and Boer goats (n=12), and two breeds of sheep, Damara (n=12) and Dorper (n=12), on extensive pasture-grazing, were analysed. The right side of each carcass was processed into wholesale cuts and dissected ...
Carrapiso Ana I - - 2003
The aim of this work was to study the influence of crossbreeding (Iberian and Iberian×Duroc 50% pigs) and rearing system (outdoors and indoors) on the sensory characteristics of Iberian ham [using descriptive analysis], and to investigate the relationships among sensory data and subcutaneous fat composition. Crossbreeding had a slight effect ...
Amoa A B - - 2003
Between October 1998 and September 2000, 111 consecutive pregnant patients admitted to the Port Moresby General Hospital antenatal ward with a haemoglobin level of 6 g/dl or less were studied. The main causes of the severe anaemia were as follows: iron deficiency on its own or in combination with another ...
Yunta Felipe - - 2003
Iron chelates such as ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA) and their analogues are the most efficient soil fertilizers to treat iron chlorosis in plants growing in calcareous soils. EDDHA, EDDH4MA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)acetic acid), and EDDCHA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-carboxyphenyl)acetic acid) are allowed by the European directive, but also EDDHSA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-sulfonylphenyl)acetic acid) and EDDH5MA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)acetic acid) are ...
Takagai Yoshitaka - - 2003
A simultaneous determination with UV detection/capillary electrophoresis for Fe(II) and Fe(III) was achieved using a sulfonated bathophenantholine and desfferioxamine B. When the electrophoretic buffer was 60 mmol l(-1) SDS, 10 mmol l(-1) acetic acid (pH 4.0) and 10 mmol l(-1) ascorbic acid and at -10 kV, the iron(II) and iron(III) ...
Déziel Eric - - 2003
Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces extracellular glycolipids composed of L-rhamnose and 3-hydroxyalkanoic acid called rhamnolipids. Although these compounds are usually regarded as biosurfactants or haemolysins, their exact physiological function is not well understood. Rhamnolipids are synthesized by a rhamnosyltransferase, encoded by the rhlAB operon, which catalyses the transfer of TDP-L-rhamnose to 3-(3-hydroxyalkanoyloxy)alkanoic ...
Obata Toshio - - 2003
The present study examined the antioxidant effect of phytic acid on iron (II)-enhanced hydroxyl radical (*OH) generation induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)) in the extracellular fluid of rat striatum. Rats were anesthetized, and sodium salicylate in Ringer's solution (0.5 nmol/microl/min) was infused through a microdialysis probe to detect the generation ...
Moore Angela M - - 2003
The rate and extent of perchlorate reduction on several types of iron metal was studied in batch and column reactors. Mass balances performed on the batch experiments indicate that perchlorate is initially sorbed to the iron surface, followed by a reduction to chloride. Perchlorate removal was proportional to the iron ...
Chen Ying - - 2003
[reaction: see text] The acid-promoted olefination of unactivated ketones with diazo reagents in the presence of triphenylphosphine can be catalyzed by the commercially available iron(III) porphyrin complex Fe(TPP)Cl. The reactions were effectively carried out under mild conditions in a one-pot fashion with the use of a stoichiometric diazo reagents and ...
Brittenham Gary M - - 2003
Iron chelation may offer new approaches to the treatment and prevention of alcoholic liver disease. With chronic excess, either iron or alcohol alone may individually injure the liver and other organs. In combination, each exaggerates the adverse effects of the other. In alcoholic liver disease, both iron and alcohol contribute ...
Bavelaar F J - - 2003
Data on the fatty acid composition of the diet and that of the adipose tissue in broilers were collected from the literature. The linear regression between the dietary and the adipose tissue unsaturated to saturated fatty acids ratio (U/S ratio) was calculated because the U/S ratio of adipose tissue fat ...
Pojer Florence - - 2003
The aminocoumarin antibiotics novobiocin and clorobiocin contain a 3-dimethylallyl-4-hydroxybenzoate (3DMA-4HB) moiety. The biosynthesis of this moiety has now been identified by biochemical and molecular biological studies. CloQ from the clorobiocin biosynthetic gene cluster in Streptomyces roseochromogenes DS 12976 has recently been identified as a 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate-3-dimethylallyltransferase. In the present study, the ...
Lee A K - - 2003
In this review, we focus on how biofilms comprising iron-respiring bacteria influence steel corrosion. Specifically, we discuss how biofilm growth can affect the chemistry of the environment around the steel at different stages of biofilm development, under static or dynamic fluid regimes. We suggest that a mechanistic understanding of the ...
Hurrell Richard F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid in cereal-based and legume-based complementary foods inhibits iron absorption. Low iron absorption from cereal porridges contributes to the high prevalence of iron deficiency in infants from developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to measure the influence of phytic acid degradation on iron absorption from cereal porridges. DESIGN: ...
Itakura Koichi - - 2003
To obtain an insight into fluorophores formed in proteins during lipid peroxidation, a lysine residue analogue (N(alpha)-hippuryllysine) was exposed to autoxidation of linoleic acid catalyzed by iron(III)-EDTA and L-ascorbic acid. The reaction predominantly produced two fluorescent products, N,N'-bis[5-(N-benzoylglycylamino)-5-carboxypentyl]-2-hydroxy-2-pentyl-3-imino-l,2-dihydropyrrole (II) and N,N'-bis[5-(N-benzoylglycylamino)-5-carboxypentyl]-2-hydroxy-2-(7-carboxyheptyl)-3-imino-1,2-dihydropyrolle (I).
Harned J - - 2003
Ferritin is a multimeric protein consisting of heavy and light chains assembled in different tissue-specific ratios, which can protect cells from oxidative stress by storing reactive iron (Fe). Because the lens is constantly exposed to UV irradiation, we studied its effects on ferritin synthesis and Fe metabolism in cultured lens ...
Gay Craig A - - 2003
Methods were developed for the separation and measurement of lipid and protein hydroperoxides, which can be used for biological materials. Lipids were extracted with methanol:chloroform and their hydroperoxides measured in solutions of methanol and chloroform containing 110mM perchloric acid, xylenol orange, and ferrous iron. Proteins were isolated by precipitation with ...
Kriek Marco - - 2003
Lipoic Acid Synthase (LipA) can accommodate a [4Fe-4S] cluster that is thought to be essential for the insertion of sulfur into an octanoyl substrate during the biosynthesis of lipoic acid. With the objective of improving soluble holo-LipA expression, a series of multi-cistronic plasmids were constructed carrying lipA in combination with ...
Wagner B - - 2003
The aim of this work was to study the efficiency of extraction of iron from model paper samples by use of different ligands (deferoxamine mesylate, the potassium-magnesium salt of phytic acid and diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) at varied concentrations (0.01, 0.005, and 0.001 mol L(-1)) and pH (7, 8, 9). Graphite furnace ...
Neyens E - - 2003
Municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plants produce large amounts of sludge, containing organic and mineral components and being mechanically dewatered to e.g. 20-25% DS in centrifuges. Both the reduction of the amount of sludge produced and improving its dewaterability are hence of paramount importance. Hot acid hydrolysis can meet these ...
Koschorreck Matthias - - 2003
We measured sulfate reduction in the acidic (pH < or = 3) sediment of an Argentinean lake influenced by volcanism. Sulfate reduction rates of 2.04 mmol m(-2) d(-1) were determined with a 35SO4(2-) core injection method and confirmed by batch incubations and from H2S measurements in the sediment. H2S production ...
Courtois Frederic - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Membrane lipid peroxidation may play a role in immune-mediated bowel diseases. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a ubiquitous endotoxin mediator of gram-negative bacteria, alone and in combination with iron-ascorbate, on enterocyte function. Furthermore, we assessed the antioxidant capacity of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butyric acid, which ...
Martra Gianmario - - 2003
Ascorbic acid is one of the major components of the antioxidants defenses of the lung lining layer where inhaled asbestos fibers are deposited. Crocidolite fibers were incubated at 37 degrees C in a 0.01 M aqueous solution of ascorbic acid for 25 days in order to investigate modifications in surface ...
Paoletti M G - - 2003
For the Makiritare (Ye'Kuana) native people of the Alto Orinoco (Venezuela), earthworms (Anellida: Glossoscolecidae) are an important component of the diet. Two species in particular are widely consumed: 'kuru' (Andiorrhinus kuru n. sp.) and 'motto' (Andiorrhinus motto). We analysed eviscerated kuru body proper, and whole and smoked preparations of motto ...
Unsal Mahmut - - 2003
Edible sheep tail fat was effectively fractionated by an acetone crystallization. Each of the fractions and filtrates were analyzed for melting point, refractive index, iodine value, fatty acid composition, and characterized by differential scanning calorimetry. Fatty acid analysis indicated that as the fractionation temperature decreased, the concentration of unsaturated fatty ...
Goralska Malgorzata - - 2003
Alpha lipoic acid (LA) is a cofactor in mitochondrial dehydrogenase complexes. Previous studies have shown that when administered exogenously LA has antioxidant properties, which include free radical scavenging, metal chelation and regeneration of other antioxidants. The cells convert LA into dihydroplipoic acid (DHLA), which in the presence of iron can ...
Maw S J - - 2003
One hundred and five samples of pig backfat were assessed for appearance (colour and translucency) and hardness. The fatty acid profile of a selected subset of 50 samples was determined. Increased yellow colour was associated with increased linoleic and α-linolenic acid percentages. Increased translucency and fat softness were associated with ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2003
Iron contributes significantly to the formation of reactive oxygen species via the Fenton reaction. Therefore, we assessed whether a series of desferrithiocin analogs, both carboxylic acids and hydroxamates, could (1) either promote or diminish the iron-mediated oxidation of ascorbate, (2) quench a model radical species, 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS+), and (3) ...
Kitajima Hideaki - - 2003
We investigated the interrelationships between behavior and serum amino acid concentrations in iron-deficient anemic rats. Concentrations of proline, alanine, glycine, and phenylalanine in serum samples were significantly higher than those in rats fed a normal diet, while serum threonine, glutamic acid, and valine levels were significantly lower. Activities of locomotion, ...
Bultreys Alain - - 2003
The relationship of pyoverdins produced by 41 pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae and by phytopathogenic Pseudomonas species was investigated. A high-performance liquid chromatography method for analyzing the culture medium proved to be superior to isoelectric focusing for detecting pyoverdin production, for differentiating slightly different pyoverdins, and for differentiating atypical from typical ...
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