Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1169
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Gu Xiangyang - - 2004
Significant inhibitory effects of the filtrate medium of anaerobically digested sewage sludge on iron oxidation by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans ANYL-1 were observed in our preliminary experiments, indicating the presence of inhibitory substances in anaerobically digested sewage sludge. The objectives of the present study were to identify the possible inhibitory substances and ...
Park Hee-Ra - - 2004
Lipid oxidation and color stability of meats treated with irradiated phytic acid were investigated during storage for 2 weeks at 4 degrees C. The phytic acid in deionized distilled water (DDW) was degraded by irradiation at 10 and 20 kGy, and the irradiated phytic acid showed a strong antiradical activity. ...
Smith A R - - 2004
alpha-Lipoic acid (LA), a naturally occurring dithiol compound, has long been known as an essential cofactor for mitochondrial bioenergetic enzymes. Aside from its enzymatic role, in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that LA also acts as a powerful micronutrient with diverse pharmacologic and antioxidant properties. Pharmacologically, LA improves glycemic ...
Su Chunming - - 2004
Recent studies have shown that zerovalent iron (Fe0) may potentially be used as a chemical medium in permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) for groundwater nitrate remediation; however, the effects of commonly found organic and inorganic ligands in soil and sediments on nitrate reduction by Fe0 have not been well understood. A ...
Jaleel A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the bioavailibility of nonheme iron from standard and test meals in Pakistani adults and to determine iron absorption using extrinsically tagged iron 59Fe. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nonheme iron absorption was measured from standard and test meals in ten healthy individuals. Total calories, carbohydrates, proteins, fats, ascorbic acid, ...
Parillo F - - 2004
The glycosoaminoglycans in the digestive apparatus of immature fish have important biological functions and are involved in morphofunctional differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the glycoconjugate histochemistry in the different parts of the digestive apparatus (oesophagus, stomach, intestine) of Umbrina cirrosa (L.) fry using classical histochemical reactions ...
van Rij E Tjeerd - - 2004
Pseudomonas chlororaphis PCL1391 produces the secondary metabolite phenazine-1-carboxamide (PCN), which is an antifungal metabolite required for biocontrol activity of the strain. Identification of conditions involved in PCN production showed that some carbon sources and all amino acids tested promote PCN levels. Decreasing the pH from 7 to 6 or decreasing ...
García-Casal María Nieves - - 2004
Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (NaFe-EDTA) is a chelator capable of binding a wide variety of metals, with a high affinity constant for Fe(3+). NaFe-EDTA has been extensively studied and validated as an excellent choice for iron fortification programs and extensive research has demonstrated its high bioavailability specially for cereal based foods. To ...
Oakes Ken D - - 2004
While recent evidence indicates that the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and associated oxidative damage are frequently observed in fish populations with exposure to pulp and paper mill effluents, the potential for ROS generation from municipal sewage effluents has not been addressed. This study investigates the utility of measures ...
Eisendle Martin - - 2004
Biosynthesis and uptake of siderophores in Aspergillus nidulans are regulated not only by iron availability but also by ambient pH: expression of this high-affinity iron uptake system is elevated by an increase in the ambient pH. Mediation of this regulation by the transcriptional regulator PacC has been confirmed via acidity- ...
Matthijs Sandra - - 2004
To cope with iron deficiency fluorescent pseudomonads produce pyoverdines which are complex peptidic siderophores that very efficiently scavenge iron. In addition to pyoverdine some species also produce other siderophores. Recently, it was shown that Pseudomonas fluorescens ATCC 17400 produces the siderophore quinolobactin, an 8-hydroxy-4-methoxy-2-quinoline carboxylic acid (Mossialos, D., Meyer, J.M., ...
Metsärinne Sirpa - - 2004
The environmental fate of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) has been extensively studied, while much less is known about the environmental behaviour of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (DTPA). In this study, it was confirmed that DTPA is persistent toward biodegradation. The biodegradability of DTPA was investigated in the absence and in the presence of ...
Rebouche Charles J - - 2004
The method recommended by the Iron Panel of the International Committee for the Standardization in Haematology for measurement of serum iron was adapted for measurement of non-heme iron in animal tissues. The method developed was designed specifically to facilitate measurement of non-heme iron using as little as 10 mg of ...
Varhac Rastislav - - 2004
Optical absorption spectroscopy was used to characterize the acid-induced conformational transition of horse heart ferrocytochrome c in the presence of urea. By using linear extrapolation to zero denaturant concentration, an apparent pK value for denaturation was found to be 0.86 +/- 0.07 at 25 degrees C. Visible absorption spectra in ...
Bressani Ricardo - - 2004
Tortillas are made by cooking maize in a lime solution during variable times and temperatures, steeping the grain for up to 12 h, washing and grinding it to a fine dough, and cooking portions as flat cakes for up to 6 min. The effects of the main processing steps on ...
Shotton Andrea D - - 2004
Diets with a higher proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (i.e., linoleic acid) have decreased iron absorption and utilization compared with diets containing a higher proportion of the saturated fatty acid stearic acid (e.g., beef tallow). However, less is known regarding the influence of other polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fatty acids, along ...
Youdim Moussa B H - - 2004
In Parkinson's disease (PD) and its neurotoxin-induced models, 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), significant accumulation of iron occurs in the substantia nigra pars compacta. The iron is thought to be in a labile pool, unbound to ferritin, and is thought to have a pivotal role to induce oxidative stress-dependent neurodegeneration ...
Sarić Marijana Matek - - 2004
The influence of chelating agents: meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA); calcium trisodium diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (CaDTPA) and their combination on mobilisation of cadmium (Cd) was compared in female albino rats. After oral Cd administration chelators were applied either orally (DMSA) or intraperitoneally (CaDTPA) at various short time intervals after Cd. Three experiments were carried ...
Insausti K - - 2004
The lipid composition of intramuscular fat from 30 young bulls of 5 Spanish cattle breeds (Asturiana de los Valles, Morucha, Parda Alpina, Pirenaica and Retinta) was studied. Steaks from each shortloin were packaged in 60% O(2), 30% CO(2) and 10% N(2) and aged for 0, 5, 10 and 15 days. ...
Andreozzi Roberto - - 2004
The behaviour of the system Fe(III)/Air/UV-benzoic acid is investigated in the pH range 2.0-5.5 and Fe(III) concentration up to 60 microM. The oxidation process develops through the establishment of an iron cycle in which HO radicals are produced by Fe(OH)2+ photolysis and the resulting Fe(II) photo-oxidized to Fe(III) by dissolved ...
Demchak J - - 2004
The duration of acid mine drainage flowing out of underground mines is important in the design of watershed restoration and abandoned mine land reclamation projects. Past studies have reported that acid water flows from underground mines for hundreds of years with little change, while others state that poor drainage quality ...
Muraoka Sanae - - 2004
We examined if phytic acid inhibits the enzymatic superoxide source xanthine oxidase (XO). Half inhibition of XO by phytic acid (IC50) was about 30 mM in the formation of uric acid from xanthine, but generation of the superoxide was greatly affected by phytic acid; the IC50 was about 6 mM, ...
Chou Shanshan - - 2004
Our previous work applied a novel supported iron oxyhydroxide (FeOOH) catalyst to effectively treat benzoic acid by hydrogen peroxide. The FeOOH catalyst was prepared via the oxidation of Fe2+ by H2O2 in the acidic condition using a fluidized-bed crystallization reactor. The major components coated on the surface were identified as ...
Ho Wei-Li - - 2004
This study investigated the effect of iron limitation on the growth and cytotoxin production of Salmonella choleraesuis and examined the iron-accruing capability of various Salmonella strains. It was found that the growth of S. choleraesuis SC-5 was retarded by the presence of iron-chelating agents, 2,2'-dipyridyl or ethylenediamine di-o-hydroxyphenylactic acid (EDDA). ...
Lewis Thomas A - - 2004
The bacterial metabolite and transition metal chelator pyridine-2,6-dithiocarboxylic acid (PDTC), promotes a novel and effective means of dechlorination of the toxic and carcinogenic pollutant, carbon tetrachloride. Pyridine-2,6-dithiocarboxylic acid has been presumed to act as a siderophore in the Pseudomonas strains known to produce it. To explore further the physiological function ...
Velasco S - - 2004
Two kinds of feed (commercial concentrate vs whole supplemented barley) were compared in unweaned lambs and lambs weaned at 40 days of age, fattened at pasture and slaughtered at 28 kg live weight, in order to observe their effects on meat quality and fatty acid composition. The weaning status influenced ...
Im Sungim - - 2004
Headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) was used to isolate the off-flavor volatile compounds, which are formed during the oxidation of porcine liver induced by iron. Poly(dimethylsiloxane)/divinylbenzene fiber was used in the HS-SPME. Changes in the volatile compounds of oxidized porcine liver and unsaturated fatty acids induced by iron were examined. ...
Somoskovi Akos - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pyrazinamide is a paradoxical frontline tuberculosis drug characterized by high in vivo sterilizing activity but poor in vitro activity. This separation in pyrazinamide activity reflects differences between the in vivo tissue environment and in vitro culture conditions. The well-known acid pH requirement for pyrazinamide activity was discovered previously based ...
Leveque Nathalie - - 2004
Reactive oxygen species play an important role in inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis. Reactive oxygen species synthesis is catalysed by iron and some species are scavenged by ascorbic acid. The aim of this work was to assess iron and ascorbic acid in uninvolved and involved psoriatic dermis and to ...
Moon Se-Kwon - - 2004
The fungal production of fumaric acid using rice bran and subsequent bacterial conversion of succinic acid using fungal culture broth were investigated. Since the rice bran contains abundant proteins, amino acids, vitamins, and minerals, it is suitable material that fungi use as a nitrogen source. The effective concentration of rice ...
Bernardi C - - 2004
Vinal (Prosopis ruscifolia) is an ecologically important wild leguminous tree that grows spontaneously in Argentine deforested lands, the fruit of which is consumed by humans and animals. Because considerable iron content with low to intermediate availability has been previously reported in vinal pulps, its enhancement would be of interest. Iron ...
Xu Ren-kou - - 2004
Low-molecular-weight(LMW) organic acids widely exist in soils, particularly in the rhizosphere. A series of batch experiments were carried out to investigate the phosphorus release from rock phosphate and iron phosphate by low-molecular-weight organic acids. Results showed that citric acid had the highest capacity to solubilize P from both rock and ...
Librando Vito - - 2004
Dimethylsulphide (DMS) gas phase oxidation with OH radicals was investigated by long path FT-IR spectroscopy and by ion chromatography (IC) and HPLC-MS2 to quantify the reaction products and evaluate heterogeneous processes. The experiments were performed considering two different NOx (NO2+NO) levels. The initial concentration of NO2 was varied from 24 ...
Fidler Meredith C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Erythorbic acid, a stereoisomer of ascorbic acid with similar physicochemical properties, is widely used as an antioxidant in processed foods. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effect of erythorbic acid on iron absorption from ferrous sulfate at molar ratios of 2:1 and 4:1 (relative ...
Krajcovicová-Kudlácková M - - 2004
Experimental and human studies describe the adverse effect of iron or vitamin B6 deficiencies on polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism. Iron is present in end proteins of the delta6-desaturase enzyme complex, and vitamin B6 deficiency can affect the transmethylation reaction of proteins. Plasma polyunsaturated fatty acid content was estimated in apparently ...
Kappler Andreas - - 2004
The biological and chemical potential for electron shuttling via humic acids was evaluated by analyzing the depth distribution of humic-acid-reducing and iron-reducing bacteria in a freshwater sediment, and correlating it to the redox characteristics of humic acids and iron. Physicochemical analysis of profundal sediments of Lake Constance revealed a distinct ...
Salovaara Susan - - 2003
Previous studies have shown that organic acids have an impact on both Fe(II) and Fe(III) uptake in Caco-2 cell. However, to what extent this effect is correlated with the anion of organic acids per se, or with the resulting decrease in pH, has not yet been clarified. Therefore, we studied ...
Nguyen L Q - - 2003
To establish the relationships between the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue in growing pigs and the intake of fatty acids, we performed a feeding trial and did a literature survey. Six groups of pigs were fed diets with variable combinations of corn, linseed and fish oil. After 38 days, ...
Droke Elizabeth A - - 2003
The Caco-2 cell line was used as a model to determine if the type of fatty acid, unsaturated versus saturated, differentially altered the uptake and transport of iron in the human intestine and if the changes were the result of alterations in monolayer integrity and paracellular transport. Cells were cultured ...
Lim Nathaniel C - - 2003
The synthesis of squaric acid N-hydroxylamide esters 5 and amides 6 from dimethyl squarate 2a is described. These derivatives are analogues of the naturally occurring iron(III) chelator hydroxamic acid. On the basis of a comparative reactivity study, a concerted retro-Cope mechanism for the formation of the N-hydroxylamide esters 5 by ...
Lou Dan-Qing - - 2004
Hepcidin is a 25-amino acid peptide involved in iron homeostasis in mice and humans. It is produced in the liver from a larger precursor, and it is detectable in blood and urine. In contrast to the human genome, which contains only one copy of the gene, the mouse genome contains ...
Christian Parul - - 2003
Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia during pregnancy, although other micronutrient deficiencies may play a role. We examined the effects of daily antenatal and postnatal supplementation with four combinations of micronutrients on maternal hematologic indicators in a double-masked randomized controlled community trial. Communities, called sectors, were ...
Matrajt G - - 2004
Ferrihydrite, an iron oxide hydroxide, is found in all kinds of environments, from hydrothermal hot springs to extraterrestrial materials. It has been shown that this material is nanoporous, and because of its high surface area, it has outstanding adsorption properties and in some cases catalysis properties. In this work we ...
Iqbal M P - - 2003
A mouse-model was used to investigate the effect of methotrexate (MTX) and folinic acid on accumulation of iron in young growing mice. Four equal groups of Balb/c young male mice were treated (subcutaneously) with either MTX, or folinic acid, or MTX plus folinic acid, or physiological saline on every second ...
Rhee Ki Soon - - 2003
Rambouillet and Merino×Rambouillet lambs were assigned to production systems varying in physical environment and diet: RF (raised-floor, open-sided barn/85% oat hay-10% wheat-5% molasses), FL (feedlot/high-concentrate), and P (pasture/grazing plus supplement). Although treatment duration was varied to produce similar final weights, RF lambs were heavier than P lambs, but dressing percentages ...
Hurrell Richard F - - 2003
Vegetable protein sources are often mixed with cereals for complementary feeding. Both contain high levels of phytic acid, which can inhibit trace element and mineral absorption. In adults, phytic acid has been reported to inhibit the absorption of iron, zinc, calcium and manganese but not copper. There are far fewer ...
Tshabalala P A - - 2003
Carcass composition, proximate meat composition, fatty acid composition and sensory characteristics of two breeds of goats, Indigenous (n=12) and Boer goats (n=12), and two breeds of sheep, Damara (n=12) and Dorper (n=12), on extensive pasture-grazing, were analysed. The right side of each carcass was processed into wholesale cuts and dissected ...
Carrapiso Ana I - - 2003
The aim of this work was to study the influence of crossbreeding (Iberian and Iberian×Duroc 50% pigs) and rearing system (outdoors and indoors) on the sensory characteristics of Iberian ham [using descriptive analysis], and to investigate the relationships among sensory data and subcutaneous fat composition. Crossbreeding had a slight effect ...
Amoa A B - - 2003
Between October 1998 and September 2000, 111 consecutive pregnant patients admitted to the Port Moresby General Hospital antenatal ward with a haemoglobin level of 6 g/dl or less were studied. The main causes of the severe anaemia were as follows: iron deficiency on its own or in combination with another ...
Yunta Felipe - - 2003
Iron chelates such as ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA) and their analogues are the most efficient soil fertilizers to treat iron chlorosis in plants growing in calcareous soils. EDDHA, EDDH4MA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-4-methylphenyl)acetic acid), and EDDCHA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-carboxyphenyl)acetic acid) are allowed by the European directive, but also EDDHSA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-sulfonylphenyl)acetic acid) and EDDH5MA (ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)acetic acid) are ...
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