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Results 251 - 300 of 1169
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Fors Yvonne - - 2006
Synchrotron-based sulfur X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals considerable accumulation of organosulfur (e.g. thiols), pyrite and iron(II) sulfides in marine-archaeological wood preserved in seawater, e.g. for historical shipwrecks such as the Vasa and Mary Rose. In the museum, oxidation of the sulfur compounds in the presence of iron ions may cause severe ...
Seyedsayamdost Mohammad R - - 2006
The Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), composed of two subunits (R1 and R2), catalyzes the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides. Substrate reduction requires that a tyrosyl radical (Y(122)*) in R2 generate a transient cysteinyl radical (C(439)*) in R1 through a pathway thought to involve amino acid radical intermediates [Y(122)* --> ...
Fisk M R - - 2006
We examined the common, iron-magnesium silicate minerals olivine and pyroxene in basalt and in mantle rocks to determine if they exhibit textures similar to bioweathering textures found in glass. Our results show that weathering in olivine may occur as long, narrow tunnels (1-3 microm in diameter and up to 100 ...
Liao Chiu-Jung - - 2006
The organoclays Wyoming montmorillonite (SWy-1, Mon), W. R. Grace vermiculite (Ver), and Tung-Wei (Tw) soil montmorillonite were prepared to sorb or remove chlorophenoxy propionic acids (CPA) pollutants such as 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acid (2,4-DP), 2,4,6-tri chlorophenoxy acid (2,4,6-TCP), and pentachlorophenoxy propionic acid (PCP). The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
Havlík Tomás - - 2006
In this study, the hydrometallurgical processing of electric arc furnace (EAF) steelmaking dust is investigated on a laboratory scale under normal temperature and pressure conditions. The behaviour of zinc and iron under the influence of sulphuric acid as the leaching agent is discussed. The dependence between the temperature and acid ...
Cheng T W - - 2006
There are 60000 tons of serpentine wastes produced in year 2004 in Taiwan. This is due to the well-developed joints in the serpentine ore body as well as the stringent requirements of the particle size and chemical composition of serpentine by iron making company. The waste also creates considerable environmental ...
Ilcol Yesim Ozarda - - 2006
In the present study we used patient data to calculate laboratory-specific indirect reference intervals. These values were compared with reference intervals obtained for a healthy group according to recommendations of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine and manufacturer suggestions. Laboratory results (422,919 records) from all subjects of ...
Kosaraju Shantha L - - 2006
Liposomal delivery systems for water-soluble bioactives were prepared using the pro-liposome and the microfluidization technologies. Iron, an essential micronutrient as ferrous sulfate and ascorbic acid, as an antioxidant for iron were encapsulated in the liposomes. Liposomes prepared by the microfluidization technology using 6% (w/w) concentration of the lipid encapsulated with ...
Ravindran V - - 2006
The influence of an Escherichia coli-derived phytase, on nutrient utilization was investigated in broilers fed starter diets containing different concentrations of phytate. The study was conducted as a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement of treatments with 3 concentrations of phytic acid (10.4, 11.8, and 13.6 g/kg; equivalent to 2.8, 3.3, ...
Levine Rodney L - - 2006
The formation of an iron-nitrogen compound in an electrospray ionization instrument is reported. The iron was released from the stainless steel electrospray needle by acetic acid added to displace trifluoroacetic acid and the nitrogen was present as the drying gas. The product is an iron nitride ion, [N(2)FeOH](1+), m/z 100.9438, ...
Kontoghiorghes George J - - 2006
Deferiprone (L1), and appropriate combinations with deferoxamine (DFO), can be used effectively for the treatment of thalassemia and other transfusional iron loading conditions. A number of experimental iron chelators such as deferasirox or ICL670 or Exjade (4-(3,5-bis (2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-benzoic acid), deferitrin (4,5-dihydro-2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4-methylthiazole-4 (S)-carboxylic acid) or GT56-252, 1-allyl-2-methyl-3-hydroxypyrid-4-one or L1NAll and starch ...
Engle-Stone Reina - - 2005
This study utilized an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model to determine the levels of ascorbic acid (AA) and "meat factor" needed to promote Fe absorption from Fe complexed with phytic acid (PA) or tannic acid (TA). AA reversed the inhibition of Fe absorption by PA beginning at a molar ratio ...
Wanaratna Pischa - - 2006
Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is a common groundwater contaminant at military facilities. The current research has been conducted to evaluate the use of zero-valent iron (ZVI) for the remediation of water contaminated with RDX. RDX was found to degrade rapidly in the presence of ZVI. The observed first-order kinetic constant for RDX ...
Saadoun A - - 2006
This study describes the total lipids, protein and fatty acids in the meat, liver, brain and adipose tissue of five male and five female nutria (Myocastor coypus). The animals were reared on a specialized farm in Uruguay. Total lipid content was between 1.41% and 1.84% in males and females. Total ...
Miller Scott C - - 2006
Chelators are used to promote excretion of actinides and some other metals, but few are orally effective. The relative efficacies of orally administered triethylenetetraminepentaacetic acids (TT) with varying lipophilic properties on the removal of 241Am and 239Pu and comparison with parenteral Zn-DTPA was determined. The actinides were administered to adult ...
Drakakaki Georgia - - 2005
We have generated transgenic maize plants expressing Aspergillus phytase either alone or in combination with the iron-binding protein ferritin. Our aim was to produce grains with increased amounts of bioavailable iron in the endosperm. Maize seeds expressing recombinant phytase showed enzymatic activities of up to 3 IU per gram of ...
Angeles-Agdeppa Imelda - - 2005
The effectiveness of weekly iron-folic acid supplements promoted through a government-industry partnership was assessed in pregnant and non-pregnant women in the Philippines. Compliance to both weekly and daily supplementation increased during the year-long study period, but was highest with weekly supplementation. Serum ferritin and hematocrit increased significantly, whereas the hemoglobin ...
Garcia Josel - - 2005
After participating in a pilot project under a government-industry partnership to promote the adoption of weekly iron-folic acid supplementation among women of reproductive age in the Philippines in 1998, United Laboratories (UNILAB), the Philippines' largest private pharmaceutical company, decided in April 2002 to launch a weekly iron-folic acid supplement for ...
Ioannidis Th A - - 2006
A detailed methodology is described for the selective removal of lead and bromide content from an industrial toxic solid waste, containing also large quantities of iron. Limited Acid Demand (LAD) was examined in order to avoid the co-dissolution of undesirable constituents. The Separation Factor (SF), which is the concentration ratio ...
Daus B - - 2006
The preservation of arsenic species in water samples is an indispensable method to avoid their changes during storage, if it is not possible to analyse them immediately. The aim of this investigation was to demonstrate the limitations of the suggested method by using phosphoric acid as a preservation agent. The ...
Arantes Valdeir - - 2006
Chelator-mediated Fenton reactions (CMFRs) were used to decolorize a biodegradable-resistant polymeric dye (Poly R-478). Screening of different iron chelators was performed on Fe(3+)-reduction activity. All chelators showed Fe(3+)-reduction activity over a wide range of pH (2-7) and each mol of catecholate chelators (3,4-dihydroxiphenilacetic acid--DOPAC and 2,3-dihydroxibenzoic acid--DHBA) reduced about 5-6 ...
Kang Namgoo - - 2005
Fenton's destruction of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) was investigated in soil slurry batch reactors. The purpose of the investigation was to quantify the enhancement of oxidation rates and efficiency by varying process conditions such as iron catalyst (Fe(II) or Fe(III); 2, 5, and 10mM), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2; 30, ...
Gao Xueshan - - 2006
Tobacco smoke contains substances capable of binding iron in an aqueous medium and transferring the metal into both organic solvents and intact mammalian red cells. This iron-binding activity is due to free fatty acids which are abundant in tobacco smoke and form 2:1 (free fatty acid:iron) chelates with ferrous iron. ...
Zheng Hailin - - 2005
Antioxidants and iron chelating molecules are known as neuroprotective agents in animal models of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we designed and synthesized a novel bifunctional molecule (M10) with radical scavenging and iron chelating ability on an amino acid carrier likely ...
Sarriés M V - - 2006
This study characterised the lipid classes of Longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle and the fatty acid profiles of the LD intramuscular fat and subcutaneous (SC) adipose tissue of male and female foal mixed populations. Two animal groups were studied based on slaughter ages of 16 and 24 months. The sex of ...
Saxena Mohini - - 2006
The present study deals with characterization of copper tailing waste, test for possibilities of hazards and its potential reuse as an extender in paints. The waste is a siliceous material containing aluminum oxide, iron oxide and sulphate in significant concentrations. In the primary stage waste is acidic in nature, which ...
Lee Jong-Im - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In Korea, it is customary to prescribe iron and folic acid supplements to pregnant women after the 20th wk of gestation; however, little evidence exists to support this practice. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effects of time of initiation and dose of prenatal iron and folic acid ...
Karr-Lilienthal L K - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to determine if lengthening the time that soybeans (SB) spend in the extractor during preparation of soybean meal (SBM) results in increased relative bioavailability of phosphorus without negatively impacting true amino acid digestibilities, and to compare those modified SBM with that produced from a ...
Taktak Sonia - - 2005
The iron-assisted hydroxylation of benzoic acid to salicylic acid by 1/H2O2 has been achieved in good yield under mild conditions (where is [Fe(II)(BPMEN)(CH3CN)2](ClO4)2 and BPMEN =N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine); the product of this reaction is a novel mononuclear iron(III) complex with a chelating salicylate.
Rahmawati Noor - - 2005
The white rot fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, is able to degrade lignin in wood without intensive damage to cellulose. Since lignin biodegradation by white rot fungi proceeds by radical reactions, accompanied by the production of a large amount of Fe3+-reductant phenols and reductive radical species in the presence of iron ions, ...
Golyshina Olga V - - 2005
For several decades, the bacterium Acidithiobacillus (previously Thiobacillus) has been considered to be the principal acidophilic sulfur- and iron-oxidizing microbe inhabiting acidic environments rich in ores of iron and other heavy metals, responsible for the metal solubilization and leaching from such ores, and has become the paradigm of such microbes. ...
Beltrán Fernando J - - 2005
Two iron catalysts (Fe(III) and Fe2O3/Al2O3) have been used in the ozonation of oxalic acid in water at pH 2.5. Percentage removals of oxalic acid were 1.8%, 7% and 30% corresponding to the non-catalytic, homogeneous (Fe(III)) and heterogeneous (Fe2O3/Al2O3) catalytic ozonations, respectively. Catalytic oxalic acid ozonation leads in all cases ...
Yao Dachun - - 2005
Fatty acid has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular diseases and cancer, but the possible mechanism remains unclear. Here, we reported a novel mechanism for the permissive role of fatty acid on iron intracellular translocation and subsequent oxidative injury. In vitro study from endothelial cells showed that iron alone ...
Ohishi Kentaro - - 2005
We investigated the iron release from ferritin by irradiation from a white fluorescent light in the absence or presence of ADP. Irradiation of a ferritin solution at 17,000 lx in the absence of ADP slightly induces iron release from ferritin but only at acidic pH conditions (pH 5.0 or pH ...
Huang Xi - - 2005
Based on the first National Study of Coal Workers' Pneumoconiosis (CWP) and the U.S. Geological Survey database of coal quality, we show that the prevalence of CWP in seven coal mine regions correlates with levels of bioavailable iron (BAI) in the coals from that particular region (correlation coefficient r = ...
Brook Claire E - - 2005
Rate constants for the removal of iron from N-terminal monoferric transferrin have been measured for a series of phosphate and phosphonocarboxylic acids in pH 7.4 0.1 M hepes buffer at 25 degrees C. The bidentate ligands pyrophosphate and phosphonoacetic acid (PAA) show a combination of saturation and first-order kinetics with ...
Stark K - - 2006
Leaching of ash and dried sewage sludge were investigated and compared with the leaching results of sludge residue from supercritical water oxidation (SCWO). This article focuses on how the composition of ash and sludge residues influences the extraction of phosphate and heavy metals and if different treatment temperatures of the ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2005
The utility of polyamines as vectors for the intracellular transport of iron chelators is further described. Consistent with earlier results with polyamine analogues, these studies underscore the importance of charge in the design of polyamine-vectored chelators. Four polyamine conjugates are synthesized, two of terephthalic acid [N(1)-(4-carboxy)benzoylspermine (7) and its methyl ...
Bas P - - 2005
The characteristics of meat from goats raised in the Argan tree forest in the south-western part of Morocco were studied in two experiments. Each experiment was carried out on three groups of six male goats. They were reared either indoors (IC) and fed concentrate or outdoors where they grazed in ...
Oakes Ken D - - 2005
This study investigates the temporal onset of reactive oxygen species (ROS) damage and changes in circulating sex steroids in immature rainbow trout exposed over 21 d to two pulp-mill effluents. Exposure to effluent from a bleached sulfite mill produced increases in 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) activity, ...
Doong Ruey-An - - 2005
The dechlorination of tetrachloroethylene (PCE) by palladized irons in the presence of humic acid was investigated to understand the feasibility of using Pd/Fe for the in situ remediation of contaminated groundwater. Untreated zerovalent iron (ZVI) was amended with Pd(II) ions to form palladized irons. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy showed that Pd(II) ...
Fiego D P Lo - - 2005
To evaluate the effects of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on cis-9, trans-11 and trans-10, cis-12 isomer content and on the fatty acid composition of subcutaneous adipose tissue and intramuscular lipids of biceps femoris, the lipids of 24 dry cured Parma hams, obtained from Large White pigs fed isoenergetic ...
Nishioka T - - 2005
The firmness and stickiness of chilled porcine fat at 4°C were evaluated with an Instron compression tester and compared with fatty acid composition. Firmness of cylindrical adipose samples was measured at a force producing a 70% deformation. Firmness values were correlated with refractive index data (r=-0.67), melting point data (r=0.77), ...
Hou Ching T - - 2005
We identified many novel oxygenated fatty acids produced from linoleic acid by Bacillus megaterium ALA2: 12,13,17-trihydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid (12,13,17-THOA); 12,13,16-trihydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid (12,13,16-THOA); 12-hydroxy-13,16-epoxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid; and 12,17;13,17-diepoxy-16-hydroxy-9(Z)-octadecenoic acid. 12,13,17-THOA, the main product, has antiplant pathogenic fungal activity. To develop an industrial process for the production of these new oxygenated fatty acids by ...
Lee Seon Hwa - - 2005
Intracellular Fe(II), which is up-regulated during oxidative stress and during iron overload, induces the formation of a hydroxyl radical by Fenton chemistry. The hydroxyl radical can convert the prototypic omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid, to 13-hydroperoxy-9,11-(Z,E)-octadecadienoic acid (13-HPODE). Cyclooxygenases can also convert linoleic acid to 13(S)-HPODE during oxidative stress. ...
Jansson Patric J - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether iron, like copper, could support Vitamin C mediated hydroxyl radical formation in bicarbonate-rich water. By using the hydroxyl radical indicator coumarin-3-carboxylic acid, we found that iron, in contrast to copper, was not capable to support Vitamin C induced hydroxyl radical formation. ...
Walczyk T - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: (a) To measure iron absorption by human subjects from citric acid stabilized fish sauce fortified with ferrous sulfate, ferric ammonium citrate or ferrous lactate and (b) to identify the effect of added citric acid (3 g/l) on iron absorption from ferrous sulfate fortified fish sauce. DESIGN: Iron absorption from ...
Spange Stefan - - 2005
Solvatochromism and sorptiochromism of the dye 3-(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)-7-phenyl-benzo1,2b:4,5b'difuran-2,6-dione (1) are studied with an extended set of solvents and various solid acids including silicas, aluminas, and alumosilicates. 1 shows a positive solvatochromism with increasing basicity and dipolarity/polarizability of the solvent; its solvent-induced bathochromic UV-vis absorption band shift ranges from formic acid (upsilon(max) ...
Gálvez Natividad - - 2005
The release of iron from ferritin by aceto- and benzohydroxamic acids was studied at two different iron chelator concentrations (100 and 10 mM), at two pH values (7.4 and 5.2), and in the presence or absence of urea. Collectively, the results demonstrate that both aceto- and benzohydroxamic acids remove iron ...
Shashidhar J - - 2005
As intracellular iron storage molecules, only hydroxymate type siderophores have been reported in ascomycetes and basidiomycetes. This is the first report documenting the presence of mycoferritin in ascomycetes. The fungus, Aspergillus parasiticus (255), is capable of producing mycoferritin only upon induction with iron in yeast extract sucrose (YES) medium. The ...
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