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Blodau Christian - - 2006
Lakes developing in former coal mine pits are often characterized by high concentrations of sulfate and iron and low pH. The review focuses on the causes for and fate of acidity in these lakes and their watersheds. Acidification is primarily caused by the generation of ferrous iron bearing and mineralized ...
Sakurai Koichi - - 2006
Release of iron from ferritin requires reduction of ferric to ferrous iron. The iron can participate in the diabetogenic action of alloxan. We investigated the ability of ascorbate to catalyze the release of iron from ferritin in the presence of alloxan. Incubation of ferritin with ascorbate alone elicited iron release ...
Haselwandter K - - 2006
A novel trishydroxamate siderophore, named basidiochrome, was isolated as the principal siderophore from low-iron culture filtrates of Ceratobasidium and Rhizoctonia species which are known as mycorrhizal fungi associated with orchid roots. Ion-exchange chromatography and preparative HPLC yielded a pure compound which contained two components according to GC-MS analysis: L: -N(5)-hydroxy-ornithine ...
Cuvelier C - - 2006
Thirty-six young finishing bulls from three breeds (Belgian Blue, Limousin and Aberdeen Angus) were fattened over five months with finishing diets based either on sugar-beet pulp or on cereals. Nutritional quality traits of meat - fat content and fatty acid composition with emphasis on the n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty ...
Andreazza Hayley J - - 2006
Franck-Condon one-electron oxidation of the stable anions -CH2CN, CH3-CHCN and -CH2CH2CN (in the collision cell of a reverse-sector mass spectrometer) produce the radicals .CH2CN, CH3.CHCN and .CH2CH2CN, which neither rearrange nor decompose during the microsecond duration of the neutralisation-reionisation experiment. Acetonitrile (CH3CN) and propionitrile (CH3CH2CN) are known interstellar molecules and ...
Najib Fadhil M - - 2007
A new thermometric sensor, which is a transistor (OC71), has been introduced to follow thermometric titrations successfully to clear end points. The sensor was suitable in both normal and differential modes of titration. It is possible to titrate down to 1.32micromol of HCl and 26.4micromol of H(3)BO(3)in a final 20ml ...
Mohan Dinesh - - 2006
Acid mine drainage (AMD), has long been a significant environmental problem resulting from the microbial oxidation of iron pyrite in presence of water and air, affording an acidic solution that contains toxic metal ions. The main objective of this study was to remove and recover metal ions from acid mine ...
Bergeron Raymond J RJ Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0485, USA. - - 2006
Previous studies revealed that within a family of ligands the more lipophilic chelators have better iron-clearing efficiency. The larger the log P(app) value of the compound, the better the iron-clearing efficiency. What is also clear from the data is that although the relative effects of log P(app) changes are essentially ...
Geh Stefan - - 2006
Crystalline silica has been classified as a human carcinogen, but there is still considerable controversy regarding its fibrogenic and carcinogenic potential. In the present study, we investigated the genotoxic potential of bentonite particles (diameter < 10 microm) with an a-quartz content of up to 6% and different chemical modifications (alkaline, ...
Knorr Klaus-Holger - - 2006
To study the impact of changes in groundwater flow and chemistry on acidity export from sediments in acid mine drainage (AMD) polluted lakes, a column experiment was carried out. Schwertmannite rich sediment was subjected to three different flow rates (0, 5, and 20 L m(-2) a(-1)), two percolate chemistries (1/1 ...
Murata Yoshiko - - 2006
Iron acquisition of graminaceous plants is characterized by the synthesis and secretion of the iron-chelating phytosiderophore, mugineic acid (MA), and by a specific uptake system for iron(III)-phytosiderophore complexes. We identified a gene specifically encoding an iron-phytosiderophore transporter (HvYS1) in barley, which is the most tolerant species to iron deficiency among ...
Hassler Christel S - - 2006
This study describes a short-term (12 h) evaluation of iron (Fe) bioavailability to an Fe-dependent cyanobacterial bioreporter derived from Synechococcus PCC 7942. Several synthetic ligands with variable conditional stability constants for Fe(lll) (K* of 10(19.8) to 10(30.9)), in addition to several defined natural Fe-binding ligands and a fulvic acid of ...
Lam-Yuk-Tseung Steven - - 2006
A patient suffering from microcytic anemia and hepatic iron overload was found to be compound heterozygote for polymorphisms in the iron transporter DMT1 (Nramp2, SLC11A2), including a 3-bp deletion (DMT1(delCTT)) in intron 4 that partially impairs splicing and an amino acid substitution (DMT1(C1246T), R416C) at a conserved residue in transmembrane ...
Fisher Justina M - - 2006
The photodegradation of domoic acid in model seawater containing varying amounts of total Fe(lll) (expressed as Fe(lll)), NO(3-), total phosphate (expressed as P04(3-)), and dissolved organic matter (DOM) is reported. A multivariate, microscale, high-throughput experimental approach is described for evaluating how these components interact to control the removal of domoic ...
Tominaga Masato - - 2006
We demonstrated the fabrication of size-controlled two-dimensional iron oxide nanodots derived from the heat treatment of ferritin molecules self-immobilized on modified silicon surfaces. Ferritin molecules were immobilized onto 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (3-APMS)-modified silicon surfaces by electrostatic interactions between negatively charged amino acids of ferritin molecules and amino terminal functional groups of 3-APMS. ...
Hallberg Kevin B - - 2006
The microbial composition of acid streamers (macroscopic biofilms) in acidic, metal-rich waters in two locations (an abandoned copper mine and a chalybeate spa) in north Wales was studied using cultivation-based and biomolecular techniques. Known chemolithotrophic and heterotrophic acidophiles were readily isolated from disrupted streamers, but they accounted for only <1 ...
Murakami Keiko - - 2006
Rhodizonic acid, a six-membered cyclic hydroxyquinone, produced reactive oxygen species as a complex with transition metals. Addition of rhodizonic acid with ferrous ion caused an inactivation of aconitase the most sensitive enzyme to oxidative stress in permeabilized yeast cells. The iron-dependent inactivation of aconitase implies the rhodizonic acid/iron-mediated generation of ...
Indurain G - - 2006
Sixty Pirenaica yearling intact bulls were raised and slaughtered at 519±50kg live weight and 371±18 days of age. Fatty acid composition of intramuscular lipids in longissimus dorsi muscle and subcutaneous fat were determined by capillary gas chromatography. Carcass conformation and fatness, carcass weight, ether extractable intramuscular fat percentage, marbling, dorsal ...
Fors Yvonne - - 2006
Synchrotron-based sulfur X-ray absorption spectroscopy reveals considerable accumulation of organosulfur (e.g. thiols), pyrite and iron(II) sulfides in marine-archaeological wood preserved in seawater, e.g. for historical shipwrecks such as the Vasa and Mary Rose. In the museum, oxidation of the sulfur compounds in the presence of iron ions may cause severe ...
Seyedsayamdost Mohammad R - - 2006
The Escherichia coli ribonucleotide reductase (RNR), composed of two subunits (R1 and R2), catalyzes the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides. Substrate reduction requires that a tyrosyl radical (Y(122)*) in R2 generate a transient cysteinyl radical (C(439)*) in R1 through a pathway thought to involve amino acid radical intermediates [Y(122)* --> ...
Fisk M R - - 2006
We examined the common, iron-magnesium silicate minerals olivine and pyroxene in basalt and in mantle rocks to determine if they exhibit textures similar to bioweathering textures found in glass. Our results show that weathering in olivine may occur as long, narrow tunnels (1-3 microm in diameter and up to 100 ...
Liao Chiu-Jung - - 2006
The organoclays Wyoming montmorillonite (SWy-1, Mon), W. R. Grace vermiculite (Ver), and Tung-Wei (Tw) soil montmorillonite were prepared to sorb or remove chlorophenoxy propionic acids (CPA) pollutants such as 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acid (2,4-DP), 2,4,6-tri chlorophenoxy acid (2,4,6-TCP), and pentachlorophenoxy propionic acid (PCP). The objective of this study was to evaluate the ...
Havlík Tomás - - 2006
In this study, the hydrometallurgical processing of electric arc furnace (EAF) steelmaking dust is investigated on a laboratory scale under normal temperature and pressure conditions. The behaviour of zinc and iron under the influence of sulphuric acid as the leaching agent is discussed. The dependence between the temperature and acid ...
Cheng T W - - 2006
There are 60000 tons of serpentine wastes produced in year 2004 in Taiwan. This is due to the well-developed joints in the serpentine ore body as well as the stringent requirements of the particle size and chemical composition of serpentine by iron making company. The waste also creates considerable environmental ...
Ilcol Yesim Ozarda - - 2006
In the present study we used patient data to calculate laboratory-specific indirect reference intervals. These values were compared with reference intervals obtained for a healthy group according to recommendations of the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine and manufacturer suggestions. Laboratory results (422,919 records) from all subjects of ...
Kosaraju Shantha L - - 2006
Liposomal delivery systems for water-soluble bioactives were prepared using the pro-liposome and the microfluidization technologies. Iron, an essential micronutrient as ferrous sulfate and ascorbic acid, as an antioxidant for iron were encapsulated in the liposomes. Liposomes prepared by the microfluidization technology using 6% (w/w) concentration of the lipid encapsulated with ...
Ravindran V - - 2006
The influence of an Escherichia coli-derived phytase, on nutrient utilization was investigated in broilers fed starter diets containing different concentrations of phytate. The study was conducted as a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement of treatments with 3 concentrations of phytic acid (10.4, 11.8, and 13.6 g/kg; equivalent to 2.8, 3.3, ...
Levine Rodney L - - 2006
The formation of an iron-nitrogen compound in an electrospray ionization instrument is reported. The iron was released from the stainless steel electrospray needle by acetic acid added to displace trifluoroacetic acid and the nitrogen was present as the drying gas. The product is an iron nitride ion, [N(2)FeOH](1+), m/z 100.9438, ...
Kontoghiorghes George J - - 2006
Deferiprone (L1), and appropriate combinations with deferoxamine (DFO), can be used effectively for the treatment of thalassemia and other transfusional iron loading conditions. A number of experimental iron chelators such as deferasirox or ICL670 or Exjade (4-(3,5-bis (2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-benzoic acid), deferitrin (4,5-dihydro-2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4-methylthiazole-4 (S)-carboxylic acid) or GT56-252, 1-allyl-2-methyl-3-hydroxypyrid-4-one or L1NAll and starch ...
Engle-Stone Reina - - 2005
This study utilized an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model to determine the levels of ascorbic acid (AA) and "meat factor" needed to promote Fe absorption from Fe complexed with phytic acid (PA) or tannic acid (TA). AA reversed the inhibition of Fe absorption by PA beginning at a molar ratio ...
Wanaratna Pischa - - 2006
Hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is a common groundwater contaminant at military facilities. The current research has been conducted to evaluate the use of zero-valent iron (ZVI) for the remediation of water contaminated with RDX. RDX was found to degrade rapidly in the presence of ZVI. The observed first-order kinetic constant for RDX ...
Saadoun A - - 2006
This study describes the total lipids, protein and fatty acids in the meat, liver, brain and adipose tissue of five male and five female nutria (Myocastor coypus). The animals were reared on a specialized farm in Uruguay. Total lipid content was between 1.41% and 1.84% in males and females. Total ...
Miller Scott C - - 2006
Chelators are used to promote excretion of actinides and some other metals, but few are orally effective. The relative efficacies of orally administered triethylenetetraminepentaacetic acids (TT) with varying lipophilic properties on the removal of 241Am and 239Pu and comparison with parenteral Zn-DTPA was determined. The actinides were administered to adult ...
Drakakaki Georgia - - 2005
We have generated transgenic maize plants expressing Aspergillus phytase either alone or in combination with the iron-binding protein ferritin. Our aim was to produce grains with increased amounts of bioavailable iron in the endosperm. Maize seeds expressing recombinant phytase showed enzymatic activities of up to 3 IU per gram of ...
Angeles-Agdeppa Imelda - - 2005
The effectiveness of weekly iron-folic acid supplements promoted through a government-industry partnership was assessed in pregnant and non-pregnant women in the Philippines. Compliance to both weekly and daily supplementation increased during the year-long study period, but was highest with weekly supplementation. Serum ferritin and hematocrit increased significantly, whereas the hemoglobin ...
Garcia Josel - - 2005
After participating in a pilot project under a government-industry partnership to promote the adoption of weekly iron-folic acid supplementation among women of reproductive age in the Philippines in 1998, United Laboratories (UNILAB), the Philippines' largest private pharmaceutical company, decided in April 2002 to launch a weekly iron-folic acid supplement for ...
Ioannidis Th A - - 2006
A detailed methodology is described for the selective removal of lead and bromide content from an industrial toxic solid waste, containing also large quantities of iron. Limited Acid Demand (LAD) was examined in order to avoid the co-dissolution of undesirable constituents. The Separation Factor (SF), which is the concentration ratio ...
Daus B - - 2006
The preservation of arsenic species in water samples is an indispensable method to avoid their changes during storage, if it is not possible to analyse them immediately. The aim of this investigation was to demonstrate the limitations of the suggested method by using phosphoric acid as a preservation agent. The ...
Arantes Valdeir - - 2006
Chelator-mediated Fenton reactions (CMFRs) were used to decolorize a biodegradable-resistant polymeric dye (Poly R-478). Screening of different iron chelators was performed on Fe(3+)-reduction activity. All chelators showed Fe(3+)-reduction activity over a wide range of pH (2-7) and each mol of catecholate chelators (3,4-dihydroxiphenilacetic acid--DOPAC and 2,3-dihydroxibenzoic acid--DHBA) reduced about 5-6 ...
Kang Namgoo - - 2005
Fenton's destruction of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) was investigated in soil slurry batch reactors. The purpose of the investigation was to quantify the enhancement of oxidation rates and efficiency by varying process conditions such as iron catalyst (Fe(II) or Fe(III); 2, 5, and 10mM), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2; 30, ...
Gao Xueshan - - 2006
Tobacco smoke contains substances capable of binding iron in an aqueous medium and transferring the metal into both organic solvents and intact mammalian red cells. This iron-binding activity is due to free fatty acids which are abundant in tobacco smoke and form 2:1 (free fatty acid:iron) chelates with ferrous iron. ...
Zheng Hailin - - 2005
Antioxidants and iron chelating molecules are known as neuroprotective agents in animal models of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we designed and synthesized a novel bifunctional molecule (M10) with radical scavenging and iron chelating ability on an amino acid carrier likely ...
Sarriés M V - - 2006
This study characterised the lipid classes of Longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle and the fatty acid profiles of the LD intramuscular fat and subcutaneous (SC) adipose tissue of male and female foal mixed populations. Two animal groups were studied based on slaughter ages of 16 and 24 months. The sex of ...
Saxena Mohini - - 2006
The present study deals with characterization of copper tailing waste, test for possibilities of hazards and its potential reuse as an extender in paints. The waste is a siliceous material containing aluminum oxide, iron oxide and sulphate in significant concentrations. In the primary stage waste is acidic in nature, which ...
Lee Jong-Im - - 2005
BACKGROUND: In Korea, it is customary to prescribe iron and folic acid supplements to pregnant women after the 20th wk of gestation; however, little evidence exists to support this practice. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the effects of time of initiation and dose of prenatal iron and folic acid ...
Karr-Lilienthal L K - - 2005
The objectives of this study were to determine if lengthening the time that soybeans (SB) spend in the extractor during preparation of soybean meal (SBM) results in increased relative bioavailability of phosphorus without negatively impacting true amino acid digestibilities, and to compare those modified SBM with that produced from a ...
Taktak Sonia - - 2005
The iron-assisted hydroxylation of benzoic acid to salicylic acid by 1/H2O2 has been achieved in good yield under mild conditions (where is [Fe(II)(BPMEN)(CH3CN)2](ClO4)2 and BPMEN =N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethane-1,2-diamine); the product of this reaction is a novel mononuclear iron(III) complex with a chelating salicylate.
Rahmawati Noor - - 2005
The white rot fungus, Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, is able to degrade lignin in wood without intensive damage to cellulose. Since lignin biodegradation by white rot fungi proceeds by radical reactions, accompanied by the production of a large amount of Fe3+-reductant phenols and reductive radical species in the presence of iron ions, ...
Golyshina Olga V - - 2005
For several decades, the bacterium Acidithiobacillus (previously Thiobacillus) has been considered to be the principal acidophilic sulfur- and iron-oxidizing microbe inhabiting acidic environments rich in ores of iron and other heavy metals, responsible for the metal solubilization and leaching from such ores, and has become the paradigm of such microbes. ...
Beltrán Fernando J - - 2005
Two iron catalysts (Fe(III) and Fe2O3/Al2O3) have been used in the ozonation of oxalic acid in water at pH 2.5. Percentage removals of oxalic acid were 1.8%, 7% and 30% corresponding to the non-catalytic, homogeneous (Fe(III)) and heterogeneous (Fe2O3/Al2O3) catalytic ozonations, respectively. Catalytic oxalic acid ozonation leads in all cases ...
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