Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1169
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Abdelrahaman Samia M - - 2007
Four pearl millet cultivars of two different species--Kordofani and Ugandi (Pennisetum typhoideum) and Madelkawaya and Shambat (Pennisetum glaucum)--were germinated for 6 days. The germinated grains were dried and milled. Phytic acid and polyphenol contents and hydrochloric acid (HCl) extractability of minerals from the malt flours were determined at intervals of ...
Rodríguez Eva - - 2007
Iron photochemical oxidation has been used to remove muconic acid from water. Two different light systems were used: black lamps and solar irradiation. The effect of iron concentration, intensity of incident radiation, pH and presence of oxalic acid was investigated. The first two variables yield positive effects on the removal ...
Pérez-López Rafael - - 2007
The production of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) as a result of the oxidative dissolution of sulphides is one of the main pollution problems affecting natural watercourses in mining environments with sulphide-rich residues. In this work, the generation of AMD was prevented by means of the addition of fly ash to ...
Kato Melissa Thiemi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of iron on the dissolution of bovine enamel powder, when added to two carbonated beverages. DESIGN: Powdered enamel was produced by griding enamel fragments of bovine incisor in a steel pestle and mortar. Particles between 75 and ...
Tong Wing-Hang - - 2007
Iron and citrate are essential for the metabolism of most organisms, and regulation of iron and citrate biology at both the cellular and systemic levels is critical for normal physiology and survival. Mitochondrial and cytosolic aconitases catalyze the interconversion of citrate and isocitrate, and aconitase activities are affected by iron ...
Soriano Silvio - - 2007
This paper reports the development of a microwave-assisted procedure for leaching of copper, iron, manganese, and zinc from multivitamin/multimineral supplements by use of dilute acid before determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). A Doehlert design was used to find optimum conditions for the procedure by use of response-surface methodology. ...
Russell Michael J - - 2007
The Earth agglomerates and heats. Convection cells within the planetary interior expedite the cooling process. Volcanoes evolve steam, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and pyrophosphate. An acidulous Hadean ocean condenses from the carbon dioxide atmosphere. Dusts and stratospheric sulfurous smogs absorb a proportion of the Sun's rays. The cooled ocean leaks ...
Watanabe Shoji - - 2007
This review article describes preparations and properties of various types of water-soluble cutting fluids additives derived from various materials. It is concerned with synthetic additives classified according to their functional groups: carboxylic acids, esters, dibasic acids, ethers, amides, substituted fatty acids and others for iron materials. Testing methods for water-soluble ...
Cebrian D - - 2007
Chelation therapy is an optimal method to reduce the radionuclide-related risks. In the case of uranium incorporation, the treatment of choice is so far i.v infusion of a 1.4% sodium bicarbonate solution, but the efficacy has been proved to be not very high. In this study, we examine the efficacy ...
Sievert Stefan M - - 2007
Studies were conducted in opposing gradients of oxygen and sulfide in microslide capillaries to (i) characterize the chemical microenvironment preferred by Candidatus Arcobacter sulfidicus, a highly motile, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium that produces sulfur in filamentous form, and (ii) to develop a model describing the mechanism of filamentous-sulfur formation. The highly motile ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infants in developing countries require early dietary interventions to prevent nutritional deficiencies, above all protein, energy, iron and zinc. To what extent these interventions may affect the fatty acid (FA) status is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To examine and compare the effects of 2 micronutrient "sprinkles" supplementations (iron 12.5 mg ...
Murakami Keiko - - 2007
Rosmarinic acid and its constituent caffeic acid produced reactive oxygen species in the presence of transition metals. Complex of rosmarinic acid or caffeic acid with iron inactivated aconitase the most sensitive enzyme to oxidative stress. The inactivation of aconitase was iron-dependent, and prevented by TEMPOL, a scavenger of reactive oxygen ...
Tuntipopipat Siriporn - - 2006
Chili and turmeric are common spices in indigenous diets in tropical regions. Being rich in phenolic compounds, they would be expected to bind iron (Fe)(3) in the intestine and inhibit Fe absorption in humans. Three experiments were conducted in healthy young women (n = 10/study) to assess the effect of ...
Lim Chang-Kee CK MRC Bioanalytical Science Group, School of Biological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, London WC1 7HX, - - 2006
Previous work has shown that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) causes porphyria, enhanced by iron, in C57BL/6J mice with marked accumulation in the liver of uroporphyrin I and III isomers and heptacarboxylic acid III and is one model of human porphyria cutanea tarda. Preliminary examination by HPLC also indicated the presence of some ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2006
A series of iron chelators, three (S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid (DADFT) and three (S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid (DADMDFT) analogues are synthesized and assessed for their lipophilicity (log Papp), iron-clearing efficiency (ICE) in rodents and iron-loaded primates (Cebus apella), toxicity in rodents, and organ distribution in rodents. The results lead to a number of generalizations ...
Monziols M - - 2007
Lipid contents and compositions were measured in 35 pigs from seven genotype-sex groups with large variations in body composition. The animals were slaughtered at 115kg live weight, and the left side was separated into four primal cuts: belly, ham, loin, and shoulder. Samples of adipose tissues were taken from flare ...
Li Jiuyu - - 2007
Low-molecular-weight (LMW) organic acids may be adsorbed by soils and the adsorption could affect their biodegradation and efficiency in many soil processes. In the present study, the adsorption of phthalic acid and salicylic acid and their effect on the exchangeable Al capacity of variable-charge soils were investigated. The results indicated ...
Jyothi Lakshmi A - - 2006
The investigation was undertaken with the objective of comparing two in vitro techniques, measuring dialyzable iron (method A) and measuring ionizable iron (method B), for iron bioavailability in a model system. The effect of the time of introduction of the additives on the available iron was also determined. FeSO4 solution ...
Finke Niko - - 2007
The contribution of volatile fatty acids (VFA) as e(-)-donors for anaerobic terminal oxidation of organic carbon through iron and sulfate reduction was studied in Arctic fjord sediment. Dissolved inorganic carbon, Fe(2+), VFA concentrations, and sulfate reduction were monitored in slurries from the oxidized (0-2 cm) and the reduced (5-9 cm) ...
Chakinala Anand G - - 2007
The efficacy of sonochemical reactors in chemical processing applications has been well established in the laboratory scale of operation though at a given set of operating parameters and no efforts have been directed in terms of maximizing the free radical production. In the present work, the effect of different operating ...
Smith Kelly A - - 2006
Gastric acid production is important in intestinal iron absorption. The peptide hormone gastrin exists in both amidated and non-amidated forms, which stimulate and potentiate gastric acid secretion, respectively. Since non-amidated gastrins require ferric ions for biological activity in vitro, this study investigated the connection between iron status and gastrin by ...
Jacob Claus - - 2006
The last decade has witnessed an increased interest in cysteine modifications such as sulfenic and sulfinic acids, thiyl radicals, sulfenyl-amides and thiosulfinates, which come together to enable redox sensing, activation, catalysis, switching and cellular signalling. While glutathionylation, sulfenyl-amide formation and disulfide activation are examples of relatively simple redox responses, the ...
Hernández C M F - - 2007
The percolation leaching of the Cuban nickel tailings containing 0.34% Ni, 0.08% Co and 44.2% Fe was investigated by using tartaric and oxalic acids at different concentrations. About 70% Ni, 80% Co and 30% Fe were extracted after 5 days of leaching with the mixture of 0.15 mol/L tartaric acid ...
Collman James P - - 2006
Active-site models of bacterial nitric oxide reductase (NOR) featuring a heme Fe and a trisimidazole- and glutaric acid-bound non-heme Fe (Fe(B)) have been synthesized. These models closely replicate the proposed active site of native NORs. Examination of these models shows that the glutamic acid mimic is required for both Fe(B) ...
Hussein Mahmoud R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid is an anti-neoplastic agent. We hypothesize that during mammary tumorigenesis, the administration of phytic acid is associated with biochemical changes including enhancement of apoptosis and inhibition of oxidative stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An animal model formed of 25 rats was established. The animals were divided into three ...
Bashir Khurram - - 2006
Graminaceous plants have evolved a unique mechanism to acquire iron through the secretion of a family of small molecules, called mugineic acid family phytosiderophores (MAs). All MAs are synthesized from l-Met, sharing the same pathway from l-Met to 2'-deoxymugineic acid (DMA). DMA is synthesized through the reduction of a 3''-keto ...
Alfaia Cristina M M - - 2007
This paper describes the influence of slaughter season on lipid content, fatty acid composition, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomeric profile and nutritional value of fat in Barrosã veal from calves reared according to the specifications of the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO). Barrosã purebred calves (n=27) were raised in a ...
Lefkowitch Jay H - - 2006
The comprehensive histopathologic evaluation of liver tissue, including biopsy, explant, and postmortem specimens, utilizes a standard panel of special histochemical stains as well as selective immunohistochemistry. These methods provide increased accuracy in addressing common diagnostic problems such as determining the stage of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis, documenting the presence of ...
Murakami Keiko - - 2006
Xanthurenic acid, a product of tryptophan-NAD pathway, and quinoline compounds produced reactive oxygen species as a complex with iron. Aconitase, the most sensitive enzyme to oxidative stress was inactivated effectively by xanthurenic acid and to a lesser extent by 8-quinolinol in the presence of ferrous sulfate. The inactivation of aconitase ...
Uehlinger Pascal - - 2006
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) or its derivatives as precursors of protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) is routinely used in dermatology for the treatment of various pathologies. However, this methodology suffers to some extent from a limited efficacy. Therefore, the main goal of this study was to investigate the modulation ...
Seki Masahiko - - 2006
Biotin (1), a water-soluble B series vitamin, distributes widely in microorganisms, plants, and animals. Biosynthesis of 1 involves five steps sequence starting from pimelic acid. The last step, a transformation from dethiobiotin (DTB) to 1, includes an iron clusters-mediated radical process. The compound 1 is a cofactor of carboxylation enzymes ...
Patro Birija S - - 2006
Acting as a redox switch, folic acid (1) might be a promising iron modulator to protect cellular machinery against oxidative stress and iron overload. The vitamin 1 can directly control the iron concentration by oxidizing it even if present in chelated forms. In addition, during its role as a reducing ...
Blodau Christian - - 2006
Lakes developing in former coal mine pits are often characterized by high concentrations of sulfate and iron and low pH. The review focuses on the causes for and fate of acidity in these lakes and their watersheds. Acidification is primarily caused by the generation of ferrous iron bearing and mineralized ...
Sakurai Koichi - - 2006
Release of iron from ferritin requires reduction of ferric to ferrous iron. The iron can participate in the diabetogenic action of alloxan. We investigated the ability of ascorbate to catalyze the release of iron from ferritin in the presence of alloxan. Incubation of ferritin with ascorbate alone elicited iron release ...
Haselwandter K - - 2006
A novel trishydroxamate siderophore, named basidiochrome, was isolated as the principal siderophore from low-iron culture filtrates of Ceratobasidium and Rhizoctonia species which are known as mycorrhizal fungi associated with orchid roots. Ion-exchange chromatography and preparative HPLC yielded a pure compound which contained two components according to GC-MS analysis: L: -N(5)-hydroxy-ornithine ...
Cuvelier C - - 2006
Thirty-six young finishing bulls from three breeds (Belgian Blue, Limousin and Aberdeen Angus) were fattened over five months with finishing diets based either on sugar-beet pulp or on cereals. Nutritional quality traits of meat - fat content and fatty acid composition with emphasis on the n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty ...
Andreazza Hayley J - - 2006
Franck-Condon one-electron oxidation of the stable anions -CH2CN, CH3-CHCN and -CH2CH2CN (in the collision cell of a reverse-sector mass spectrometer) produce the radicals .CH2CN, CH3.CHCN and .CH2CH2CN, which neither rearrange nor decompose during the microsecond duration of the neutralisation-reionisation experiment. Acetonitrile (CH3CN) and propionitrile (CH3CH2CN) are known interstellar molecules and ...
Najib Fadhil M - - 2007
A new thermometric sensor, which is a transistor (OC71), has been introduced to follow thermometric titrations successfully to clear end points. The sensor was suitable in both normal and differential modes of titration. It is possible to titrate down to 1.32micromol of HCl and 26.4micromol of H(3)BO(3)in a final 20ml ...
Mohan Dinesh - - 2006
Acid mine drainage (AMD), has long been a significant environmental problem resulting from the microbial oxidation of iron pyrite in presence of water and air, affording an acidic solution that contains toxic metal ions. The main objective of this study was to remove and recover metal ions from acid mine ...
Bergeron Raymond J - - 2006
Previous studies revealed that within a family of ligands the more lipophilic chelators have better iron-clearing efficiency. The larger the log P(app) value of the compound, the better the iron-clearing efficiency. What is also clear from the data is that although the relative effects of log P(app) changes are essentially ...
Geh Stefan - - 2006
Crystalline silica has been classified as a human carcinogen, but there is still considerable controversy regarding its fibrogenic and carcinogenic potential. In the present study, we investigated the genotoxic potential of bentonite particles (diameter < 10 microm) with an a-quartz content of up to 6% and different chemical modifications (alkaline, ...
Knorr Klaus-Holger - - 2006
To study the impact of changes in groundwater flow and chemistry on acidity export from sediments in acid mine drainage (AMD) polluted lakes, a column experiment was carried out. Schwertmannite rich sediment was subjected to three different flow rates (0, 5, and 20 L m(-2) a(-1)), two percolate chemistries (1/1 ...
Murata Yoshiko - - 2006
Iron acquisition of graminaceous plants is characterized by the synthesis and secretion of the iron-chelating phytosiderophore, mugineic acid (MA), and by a specific uptake system for iron(III)-phytosiderophore complexes. We identified a gene specifically encoding an iron-phytosiderophore transporter (HvYS1) in barley, which is the most tolerant species to iron deficiency among ...
Hassler Christel S - - 2006
This study describes a short-term (12 h) evaluation of iron (Fe) bioavailability to an Fe-dependent cyanobacterial bioreporter derived from Synechococcus PCC 7942. Several synthetic ligands with variable conditional stability constants for Fe(lll) (K* of 10(19.8) to 10(30.9)), in addition to several defined natural Fe-binding ligands and a fulvic acid of ...
Lam-Yuk-Tseung Steven - - 2006
A patient suffering from microcytic anemia and hepatic iron overload was found to be compound heterozygote for polymorphisms in the iron transporter DMT1 (Nramp2, SLC11A2), including a 3-bp deletion (DMT1(delCTT)) in intron 4 that partially impairs splicing and an amino acid substitution (DMT1(C1246T), R416C) at a conserved residue in transmembrane ...
Fisher Justina M - - 2006
The photodegradation of domoic acid in model seawater containing varying amounts of total Fe(lll) (expressed as Fe(lll)), NO(3-), total phosphate (expressed as P04(3-)), and dissolved organic matter (DOM) is reported. A multivariate, microscale, high-throughput experimental approach is described for evaluating how these components interact to control the removal of domoic ...
Tominaga Masato - - 2006
We demonstrated the fabrication of size-controlled two-dimensional iron oxide nanodots derived from the heat treatment of ferritin molecules self-immobilized on modified silicon surfaces. Ferritin molecules were immobilized onto 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (3-APMS)-modified silicon surfaces by electrostatic interactions between negatively charged amino acids of ferritin molecules and amino terminal functional groups of 3-APMS. ...
Hallberg Kevin B - - 2006
The microbial composition of acid streamers (macroscopic biofilms) in acidic, metal-rich waters in two locations (an abandoned copper mine and a chalybeate spa) in north Wales was studied using cultivation-based and biomolecular techniques. Known chemolithotrophic and heterotrophic acidophiles were readily isolated from disrupted streamers, but they accounted for only <1 ...
Murakami Keiko - - 2006
Rhodizonic acid, a six-membered cyclic hydroxyquinone, produced reactive oxygen species as a complex with transition metals. Addition of rhodizonic acid with ferrous ion caused an inactivation of aconitase the most sensitive enzyme to oxidative stress in permeabilized yeast cells. The iron-dependent inactivation of aconitase implies the rhodizonic acid/iron-mediated generation of ...
Indurain G - - 2006
Sixty Pirenaica yearling intact bulls were raised and slaughtered at 519±50kg live weight and 371±18 days of age. Fatty acid composition of intramuscular lipids in longissimus dorsi muscle and subcutaneous fat were determined by capillary gas chromatography. Carcass conformation and fatness, carcass weight, ether extractable intramuscular fat percentage, marbling, dorsal ...
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