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Results 201 - 250 of 1193
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Oh Byung-Taek - - 2007
This study may be the first investigation to be performed into the potential benefits of recycling industrial waste in controlling contaminants in leachate. Batch reactors were used to evaluate the efficacy of waste steel scrap and converter slag to treat mixed contaminants using mimic leachate solution. The waste steel scrap ...
Hernández P - - 2008
The influence of genetic origin on lipid content, lipolytic activities and fatty acid composition of rabbit leg meat and perirenal fat was studied and changes in free fatty acids and oxidative parameters during refrigerated storage evaluated. Three rabbits lines were used, line R selected for growth rate and lines V ...
Wood J D - - 2008
This paper reviews the factors affecting the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue and muscle in pigs, sheep and cattle and shows that a major factor is the total amount of fat. The effects of fatty acid composition on meat quality are also reviewed. Pigs have high levels of polyunsaturated ...
Martinez Jennifer S JS Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9510, - - 2007
Marinobactins A-E are a suite of amphiphilic siderophores which have a common peptidic head group that coordinates Fe(III), and a fatty acid which varies in length and saturation. As a result of the amphiphilic properties of these siderophores it is difficult to study siderophore-mediated uptake of iron, because the amphiphilic ...
Dörr Mark - - 2007
The theory of chemoautotrophy, as developed by Wächtershäuser, has been subject to experimental studies, which show a possible carbon fixation pathway of several consecutive steps from simple CO2 to amino acids, using the redox system of iron sulphide and hydrogen sulphide. Main findings were a mimicking of the acetyl-CoA enzyme ...
Kleffmann Jörg - - 2007
Nitrous acid (HONO) is an important precursor of the hydroxyl radical (OH), the self-cleaning agent of the atmosphere and a key species in the formation of harmful photooxidants during summer smog. Recent field measurements using very sensitive HONO instruments have shown that daytime HONO concentrations are much higher than has ...
Bas P - - 2007
The effects of linseed content in concentrates on the fatty acid (FA) composition of adipose tissues and muscles of lambs were studied in a 2×4 design: males (M) vs. females (F) and linseed content (0%, L0, 3%, L3, 6%, L6, 9%, L9). FA proportions were determined both on a DB-wax ...
Purawatt Sopon - - 2007
Flow field-flow fractionation-inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (FlFFF-ICP-OES) was applied to achieve the size-based fractionation of iron in a food suspension in order to gain insights into iron availability. The binding of iron with phytic and tannic acids, employed as model inhibitors of iron availability in foods, was investigated ...
Kalgaonkar Swati - - 2008
Biofortification of staple foods with iron (Fe) in the form of ferritin (Ft) is now possible, both by conventional plant breeding methods and transgenic approaches. Ft-Fe from plants and animals is absorbed well (25-30%) by human subjects, but little is known about dietary factors affecting its absorption. We used human ...
Mansur Marcelo Borges - - 2008
The selective removal of zinc(II) over iron(II) by liquid-liquid extraction from spent hydrochloric acid pickling effluents produced by the zinc hot-dip galvanizing industry was studied at room temperature. Two distinct effluents were investigated: effluent 1 containing 70.2g/L of Zn, 92.2g/L of Fe and pH 0.6, and effluent 2 containing 33.9 ...
Liu Keshun - - 2007
Phytic acid consists of 65-80% of the total phosphorus (P) in cereal grains. Its salts are concentrated in the germ and aleurone layers, which are typically removed during milling. We hypothesize that concentrations of different types of P and minerals in milled products will be greatly altered in low phytic ...
Tenopoulou Margarita - - 2007
The calcein-AM (calcein-acetoxymethyl ester) method is a widely used technique that is supposed to assay the intracellular 'labile iron pool' (LIP). When cells in culture are exposed to this ester, it passes the plasma membrane and reacts with cytosolic unspecific esterases. One of the reaction products, calcein, is a fluorochrome ...
Bejjani Satyanarayana - - 2007
AIM: To understand the digestive stability and mechanism of release and intestinal uptake of pea ferritin iron in caco-2 cell line model. METHODS: Pea seed ferritin was purified using salt fractionation followed by gel filtration chromatography. The bioavailability of ferritin iron was assessed using coupled in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model ...
Reis A - - 2007
Metal-catalysed radical oxidation of diacyl-glycerophosphatidylcholines (GPC) with omega-6 acyl polyunsaturated fatty acids (PAPC, palmitoyl-arachidonoyl-glycerophosphatidylcholine and PLPC, palmitoyl-lineloyl-glycerophosphatidylcholine) was studied. Free radical oxidation products were trapped by spin trapping with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrrolidine-N-oxide (DMPO) and identified by electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS). The spin adducts of oxidised GPC containing one and two oxygen atoms ...
Gautier-Luneau Isabelle - - 2007
The generation of free radicals (Fenton chemistry) from various iron citrate complexes has been studied. Spin trapping methods have been used. The results can question concerning the innocence of added citric acid in foods and cold drinks. We concluded that in absence of pathological situation citric acid is probably not ...
Deiana Salvatore - - 2007
With the aim to investigate the role of the polyuronic components in the accumulation of iron and phosphate at the soil-root interface, the interactions of Ca-polygalacturonates (PGAs) with Fe(III) and P ions and of Fe(III)-Ca-polygalacturonates (Fe-PGAs) with P ions were studied at pH 4.7. The role of citric, malic and ...
Proulx Amy K - - 2007
Maize is one of the most important cereal crops for human consumption, yet it is of concern due to its low iron bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of processing on iron bioavailability in common maize products and elucidate better processing techniques for enhancing iron ...
Wistuba T J - - 2007
Sixteen steers (441±31.7kg initial body weight) consumed two high concentrate diets with either 0 or 3% fish oil to determine the impact of fish oil, an omega-3 fatty acid source, on the fatty acid composition of beef carcasses. Collected tissue samples included the Longissimus thoracis from the 6th to 7th ...
Adam Farook - - 2007
Iron and 4-(methylamino)benzoic acid have been successfully incorporated into silica extracted from rice husk. The silica/Fe/amine complex, RH-Fe(5% amine), showed a ca. 24% increase in specific surface area compared to RH-Fe. This increase was attributed to the templated formation of regular pores. The XRD showed the RH-Fe(5% amine) to be ...
Barakoti Lotika - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mungbean (Vigna radiata) is a major source of energy and protein in developing countries, especially for the vegetarian population. Improvement of the bioavailability of iron in mungbean by common household processes could make a significant contribution to the nutrition of people in countries where iron-deficiency anemia is widespread. OBJECTIVE: ...
Zhang Huanmei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency in children is a major worldwide nutritional problem. An oat beverage was developed for 1- to 3-year-old children and different treatments were used to improve the iron bioavailability. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of citric acid addition, phytase treatment and supplementation with different iron ...
Olsen Elisabeth Fjærvoll - - 2007
The composition of dietary fat has received increased attention during the recent years because it influences human health. Seventy seven samples from pork adipose tissue and melted fat from the same tissue were measured with Raman spectroscopy. Gas chromatography analysis was conducted as reference. Iodine values (IV) ranged from 58.2 ...
Hanna K - - 2007
The transport of aromatic carboxylate compounds in the environment can be strongly influenced by adsorption onto certain minerals, such as iron oxides and hydroxides, found in ground water and soils. Batch experiments with five iron oxides were conducted to quantify the contributions to adsorption from different iron mineral surfaces and ...
Alam Sahib - - 2007
Whole wheat flour was fortified with premix containing ferrous sulfate, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and folic acid (20.0:20.0:1.5 ppm) and was stored at ambient temperature for 60 days. Naans (flat bread) were prepared from 0 ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm and 75 ppm ferrous iron-fortified flour samples at 10-day intervals and ...
Abdelrahaman Samia M - - 2007
Four pearl millet cultivars of two different species--Kordofani and Ugandi (Pennisetum typhoideum) and Madelkawaya and Shambat (Pennisetum glaucum)--were germinated for 6 days. The germinated grains were dried and milled. Phytic acid and polyphenol contents and hydrochloric acid (HCl) extractability of minerals from the malt flours were determined at intervals of ...
Rodríguez Eva - - 2007
Iron photochemical oxidation has been used to remove muconic acid from water. Two different light systems were used: black lamps and solar irradiation. The effect of iron concentration, intensity of incident radiation, pH and presence of oxalic acid was investigated. The first two variables yield positive effects on the removal ...
Pérez-López Rafael - - 2007
The production of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) as a result of the oxidative dissolution of sulphides is one of the main pollution problems affecting natural watercourses in mining environments with sulphide-rich residues. In this work, the generation of AMD was prevented by means of the addition of fly ash to ...
Kato Melissa Thiemi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the effect of iron on the dissolution of bovine enamel powder, when added to two carbonated beverages. DESIGN: Powdered enamel was produced by griding enamel fragments of bovine incisor in a steel pestle and mortar. Particles between 75 and ...
Tong Wing-Hang - - 2007
Iron and citrate are essential for the metabolism of most organisms, and regulation of iron and citrate biology at both the cellular and systemic levels is critical for normal physiology and survival. Mitochondrial and cytosolic aconitases catalyze the interconversion of citrate and isocitrate, and aconitase activities are affected by iron ...
Soriano Silvio - - 2007
This paper reports the development of a microwave-assisted procedure for leaching of copper, iron, manganese, and zinc from multivitamin/multimineral supplements by use of dilute acid before determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). A Doehlert design was used to find optimum conditions for the procedure by use of response-surface methodology. ...
Russell Michael J - - 2007
The Earth agglomerates and heats. Convection cells within the planetary interior expedite the cooling process. Volcanoes evolve steam, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide and pyrophosphate. An acidulous Hadean ocean condenses from the carbon dioxide atmosphere. Dusts and stratospheric sulfurous smogs absorb a proportion of the Sun's rays. The cooled ocean leaks ...
Watanabe Shoji - - 2007
This review article describes preparations and properties of various types of water-soluble cutting fluids additives derived from various materials. It is concerned with synthetic additives classified according to their functional groups: carboxylic acids, esters, dibasic acids, ethers, amides, substituted fatty acids and others for iron materials. Testing methods for water-soluble ...
Cebrian D - - 2007
Chelation therapy is an optimal method to reduce the radionuclide-related risks. In the case of uranium incorporation, the treatment of choice is so far i.v infusion of a 1.4% sodium bicarbonate solution, but the efficacy has been proved to be not very high. In this study, we examine the efficacy ...
Sievert Stefan M - - 2007
Studies were conducted in opposing gradients of oxygen and sulfide in microslide capillaries to (i) characterize the chemical microenvironment preferred by Candidatus Arcobacter sulfidicus, a highly motile, sulfur-oxidizing bacterium that produces sulfur in filamentous form, and (ii) to develop a model describing the mechanism of filamentous-sulfur formation. The highly motile ...
Agostoni Carlo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Infants in developing countries require early dietary interventions to prevent nutritional deficiencies, above all protein, energy, iron and zinc. To what extent these interventions may affect the fatty acid (FA) status is still unknown. OBJECTIVES: To examine and compare the effects of 2 micronutrient "sprinkles" supplementations (iron 12.5 mg ...
Murakami Keiko - - 2007
Rosmarinic acid and its constituent caffeic acid produced reactive oxygen species in the presence of transition metals. Complex of rosmarinic acid or caffeic acid with iron inactivated aconitase the most sensitive enzyme to oxidative stress. The inactivation of aconitase was iron-dependent, and prevented by TEMPOL, a scavenger of reactive oxygen ...
Tuntipopipat Siriporn - - 2006
Chili and turmeric are common spices in indigenous diets in tropical regions. Being rich in phenolic compounds, they would be expected to bind iron (Fe)(3) in the intestine and inhibit Fe absorption in humans. Three experiments were conducted in healthy young women (n = 10/study) to assess the effect of ...
Lim Chang-Kee CK MRC Bioanalytical Science Group, School of Biological Sciences, Birkbeck, University of London, London WC1 7HX, - - 2006
Previous work has shown that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) causes porphyria, enhanced by iron, in C57BL/6J mice with marked accumulation in the liver of uroporphyrin I and III isomers and heptacarboxylic acid III and is one model of human porphyria cutanea tarda. Preliminary examination by HPLC also indicated the presence of some ...
Bergeron Raymond J RJ Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0485, USA. - - 2006
A series of iron chelators, three (S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid (DADFT) and three (S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid (DADMDFT) analogues are synthesized and assessed for their lipophilicity (log Papp), iron-clearing efficiency (ICE) in rodents and iron-loaded primates (Cebus apella), toxicity in rodents, and organ distribution in rodents. The results lead to a number of generalizations ...
Monziols M - - 2007
Lipid contents and compositions were measured in 35 pigs from seven genotype-sex groups with large variations in body composition. The animals were slaughtered at 115kg live weight, and the left side was separated into four primal cuts: belly, ham, loin, and shoulder. Samples of adipose tissues were taken from flare ...
Li Jiuyu - - 2007
Low-molecular-weight (LMW) organic acids may be adsorbed by soils and the adsorption could affect their biodegradation and efficiency in many soil processes. In the present study, the adsorption of phthalic acid and salicylic acid and their effect on the exchangeable Al capacity of variable-charge soils were investigated. The results indicated ...
Jyothi Lakshmi A - - 2006
The investigation was undertaken with the objective of comparing two in vitro techniques, measuring dialyzable iron (method A) and measuring ionizable iron (method B), for iron bioavailability in a model system. The effect of the time of introduction of the additives on the available iron was also determined. FeSO4 solution ...
Finke Niko - - 2007
The contribution of volatile fatty acids (VFA) as e(-)-donors for anaerobic terminal oxidation of organic carbon through iron and sulfate reduction was studied in Arctic fjord sediment. Dissolved inorganic carbon, Fe(2+), VFA concentrations, and sulfate reduction were monitored in slurries from the oxidized (0-2 cm) and the reduced (5-9 cm) ...
Chakinala Anand G - - 2007
The efficacy of sonochemical reactors in chemical processing applications has been well established in the laboratory scale of operation though at a given set of operating parameters and no efforts have been directed in terms of maximizing the free radical production. In the present work, the effect of different operating ...
Smith Kelly A KA University of Melbourne Department of Surgery, Austin Health, Level 8, Lance Townsend Building, Studley Road, Heidelberg, Vic. 3084, - - 2006
Gastric acid production is important in intestinal iron absorption. The peptide hormone gastrin exists in both amidated and non-amidated forms, which stimulate and potentiate gastric acid secretion, respectively. Since non-amidated gastrins require ferric ions for biological activity in vitro, this study investigated the connection between iron status and gastrin by ...
Jacob Claus - - 2006
The last decade has witnessed an increased interest in cysteine modifications such as sulfenic and sulfinic acids, thiyl radicals, sulfenyl-amides and thiosulfinates, which come together to enable redox sensing, activation, catalysis, switching and cellular signalling. While glutathionylation, sulfenyl-amide formation and disulfide activation are examples of relatively simple redox responses, the ...
Hernández C M F - - 2007
The percolation leaching of the Cuban nickel tailings containing 0.34% Ni, 0.08% Co and 44.2% Fe was investigated by using tartaric and oxalic acids at different concentrations. About 70% Ni, 80% Co and 30% Fe were extracted after 5 days of leaching with the mixture of 0.15 mol/L tartaric acid ...
Collman James P JP Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305-5080, USA. - - 2006
Active-site models of bacterial nitric oxide reductase (NOR) featuring a heme Fe and a trisimidazole- and glutaric acid-bound non-heme Fe (Fe(B)) have been synthesized. These models closely replicate the proposed active site of native NORs. Examination of these models shows that the glutamic acid mimic is required for both Fe(B) ...
Hussein Mahmoud R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Phytic acid is an anti-neoplastic agent. We hypothesize that during mammary tumorigenesis, the administration of phytic acid is associated with biochemical changes including enhancement of apoptosis and inhibition of oxidative stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An animal model formed of 25 rats was established. The animals were divided into three ...
Bashir Khurram - - 2006
Graminaceous plants have evolved a unique mechanism to acquire iron through the secretion of a family of small molecules, called mugineic acid family phytosiderophores (MAs). All MAs are synthesized from l-Met, sharing the same pathway from l-Met to 2'-deoxymugineic acid (DMA). DMA is synthesized through the reduction of a 3''-keto ...
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