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Franiatte Michael - - 2008
An experimental study has been carried out on the stability of adenine (one of the five nucleic acid bases) under hydrothermal conditions. The experiments were performed in sealed autoclaves at 300 degrees C under fugacities of CO(2), N(2) and H(2) supposedly representative of those in marine hydrothermal systems on the ...
Higa Ataru - - 2008
Hyoscyamus albus hairy roots with/without an exogenous gene (11 clones) were established by inoculation of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. All clones cultured under iron-deficient condition secreted riboflavin from the root tips into the culture medium and the productivity depended on the number and size of root tips among the clones. A decline ...
Librelotto J - - 2008
The study aims to determine the influence of pan-frying on the fatty acid composition and fat content and alteration of functional restructured beef steaks. Low-fat (L, 2% fat), 20% walnut-added (W, 13% fat) and medium fat (M, 13% fat) steaks were prepared and fried in extra virgin olive oil. Pan-frying ...
Lin Jun-Jie - - 2008
The degradation of azo dye C.I. Acid Red 14 (AR14) was investigated using cast iron in the absence and presence of low frequency ultrasound (59 kHz). The effects of pH, amount of cast iron ([Fe](0)) and initial concentration of AR14 ([dye](0)) on the degradation of AR14 by cast iron combined ...
Brand Annette - - 2008
Iron, a transition metal and essential nutrient, is a typical pro-oxidant forming free radicals, lipid peroxides and causing cell damage when added at high (> or = 50 microM) concentrations to oligodendroglia-like OLN-93 cells that have been enriched for 3 days with 10 microM docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22 : 6 ...
Waugh William H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become one of the major health problems of the developed world. Previous studies have shown that oxidant-induced changes occur in cerebral tissue in AD and in late-onset amnestic mild cognitive impairment. The oxidative damage begins early and involves free radical-mediated effects that cause lipid peroxidations ...
Ceres Gabriele - - 2008
Iron gall inks have been known since Roman times, were widely used in the Medieval Age, and became the most used ink in the Renaissance period. They were still officially used by the German Government as recently as 1973. The two main constituents of the ink are tannic acid and ...
Arantes V - - 2008
AIMS: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the behaviour of the brown-rot fungus Wolfiporia cocos under differential iron availability. METHODS AND RESULTS: W. cocos was grown under three differential iron conditions. Growth, catecholate and hydroxamate production, and mycelial and extracellular Fe3+-reducing activities were determined. Iron starvation slowed ...
Valdés Jorge - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a major participant in consortia of microorganisms used for the industrial recovery of copper (bioleaching or biomining). It is a chemolithoautrophic, gamma-proteobacterium using energy from the oxidation of iron- and sulfur-containing minerals for growth. It thrives at extremely low pH (pH 1-2) and fixes both carbon ...
Sullivan Ryan C - - 2007
The mixing state of oxalic acid was measured in Asian outflow during ACE-Asia by direct shipboard measurements using an ATOFMS single-particle mass spectrometer. Oxalic and malonic acids were found to be predominantly internally mixed with mineral dust and aged sea salt particles. A persistent diurnal cycle of oxalic acid in ...
García-Casal Maria N - - 2007
Searching for economical, nonconventional sources of iron is important in underdeveloped countries to combat iron deficiency and anemia. Our objective was to study iron, vitamin C, and phytic acid composition and also iron bioavailability from 4 species of marine algae included in a rice-based meal. Marine algae (Ulva sp, Sargassum ...
Forero-Torres Andres - - 2007
Bendamustine was first synthesized in the early 1960s at the Institute for Microbiology and Experimental Therapy in Jena, East Germany by Ozegowski and Krebs. The molecule, originally termed IMET 3393 (4-[5-(bis[2-chloroethyl]amino)-1-methyl-2-benzimidazolyl] butyric acid), was intended to be a "bi-functional" molecule with alkylator and antimetabolite properties. Extensive studies were conducted using ...
Brittenham Gary M - - 2007
Characterization of iron metabolism in infants and children may be confounded by the diverse effects of developmental, genetic, and acquired influences on iron metabolism and laboratory measurements of iron status, especially in areas with intense perennial transmission of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. In the Pemba iron and folic acid supplementation trial, ...
Rad Ali M - - 2007
Cell labeling with superparamagnetic iron oxides (SPIO) is becoming a routine procedure in cellular magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Quantifying the intracellular iron in labeled cells is a prerequisite for determining the number of accumulated cells by quantitative MRI studies. To establish the most sensitive and reproducible method for measuring iron ...
García-Moyano A - - 2007
The prokaryotic diversity of macroscopic filaments located at the water surface in an extreme acidic environment, Río Tinto (SW, Spain), has been analysed through denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), cloning of 16S rRNA genes and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The dominant species present in the macrofilaments were Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, ...
Jiang S L - - 2007
The relationships among potassium (K), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and manganese (Mn) contents in milled rice (Oryza stavia L.) of 274 genotypes and the relationships between these mineral element contents and other rice quality traits including 3 cooking quality traits, 17 amino ...
Kim Sang Chai - - 2008
The catalytic oxidation of toluene was studied over an iron-based spent and regenerated catalysts. Air, hydrogen, or four different acid solutions (oxalic acid (C2H2O4), citric acid (C6H8O7), acetic acid (CH3COOH), and nitric acid (HNO3)) were employed to regenerate the spent catalyst. The properties of pretreated spent catalyst were characterized by ...
Ramage Gordon - - 2007
Candida albicans can readily form biofilms on both inanimate and biological surfaces. In this study we investigated a means of inhibiting biofilm formation using EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid), a divalent cation chelating agent, which has been shown to affect C. albicans filamentation. Candida albicans biofilms were formed in 96-well microtitre plates. ...
Valore Erika V - - 2008
Hepcidin is encoded as an 84 amino acid prepropeptide containing a typical N-terminal 24 amino acid endoplasmic reticulum targeting signal sequence, and a 35 amino acid proregion (pro) with a consensus furin cleavage site immediately followed by the C-terminal 25 amino acid bioactive iron-regulatory hormone (mature peptide). We performed pulse-chase ...
Huang Victor W - - 2007
Stopped-flow mixing of the Desulfovibrio vulgaris two-iron superoxide reductase (2Fe-SOR) containing the ferrous active site with superoxide generates a dead time intermediate whose absorption spectrum is identical to that of a putative ferric-hydroperoxo intermediate previously observed by pulse radiolysis. The dead time intermediate is shown to be a product of ...
Juzeniene Asta - - 2007
Generation of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skin by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation induces a number of cutaneous pathologies such as skin cancer, photosensitization, and photoaging among others. Skin iron catalyzes UV generation of ROS. Topical application of iron chelators reduces erythema, epidermal and dermal hypertrophy, wrinkle formation, ...
Juárez M - - 2008
Fatty acid composition of intramuscular, intermuscular, subcutaneous, omental and kidney knob fat depots of eighty male light lambs (±21kg live weight) from five Spanish sheep breeds was analysed. Fat depot, anatomical depot location (internal, external and intramuscular), breed (Spanish Merino, Grazalema Merino, Churra Lebrijana, Segureña and Montesina), weaning type (weaning ...
Tsujimoto Kazuo - - 2007
6-Pentadeca(e)nylsalicylic acids isolated from the cashew Anacardium occidentale L. (Anacardiaceae), commonly known as anacardic acids, inhibited the linoleic acid peroxidation catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC 1.13.11.12, type 1) competitively without prooxidant effects. Their parent compound, salicylic acid, did not have this inhibitory activity up to 800 pm, indicating that the ...
Govindaraj Thara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because biscuits are a popular snack item and are consumed frequently by the younger population, fortification of biscuits with iron can be beneficial in preventing iron-deficiency anemia, which is widely prevalent in developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the bioavailability of iron from biscuits fortified with either ferrous sulfate or ...
Bohn Lisbeth - - 2007
Wheat phytase was purified to investigate the action of the enzyme toward its pure substrate (phytic acid - myo-inositol hexakisphosphate) and its naturally occurring substrate (phytate globoids). Phytate globoids were purified to homogeneity from wheat bran, and their nutritionally relevant parameters were quantified by ICP-MS. The main components of the ...
Liang Xiquan - - 2007
Protein phosphorylation regulates many aspects of cellular function, including cell proliferation, migration, and signal transduction. An efficient strategy to isolate phosphopeptides from a pool of unphosphorylated peptides is essential to global characterization using mass spectrometry. We describe an approach employing isotope tagging reagents for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling ...
Oh Byung-Taek - - 2007
This study may be the first investigation to be performed into the potential benefits of recycling industrial waste in controlling contaminants in leachate. Batch reactors were used to evaluate the efficacy of waste steel scrap and converter slag to treat mixed contaminants using mimic leachate solution. The waste steel scrap ...
Hernández P - - 2008
The influence of genetic origin on lipid content, lipolytic activities and fatty acid composition of rabbit leg meat and perirenal fat was studied and changes in free fatty acids and oxidative parameters during refrigerated storage evaluated. Three rabbits lines were used, line R selected for growth rate and lines V ...
Wood J D - - 2008
This paper reviews the factors affecting the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue and muscle in pigs, sheep and cattle and shows that a major factor is the total amount of fat. The effects of fatty acid composition on meat quality are also reviewed. Pigs have high levels of polyunsaturated ...
Martinez Jennifer S - - 2007
Marinobactins A-E are a suite of amphiphilic siderophores which have a common peptidic head group that coordinates Fe(III), and a fatty acid which varies in length and saturation. As a result of the amphiphilic properties of these siderophores it is difficult to study siderophore-mediated uptake of iron, because the amphiphilic ...
Dörr Mark - - 2007
The theory of chemoautotrophy, as developed by Wächtershäuser, has been subject to experimental studies, which show a possible carbon fixation pathway of several consecutive steps from simple CO2 to amino acids, using the redox system of iron sulphide and hydrogen sulphide. Main findings were a mimicking of the acetyl-CoA enzyme ...
Kleffmann Jörg - - 2007
Nitrous acid (HONO) is an important precursor of the hydroxyl radical (OH), the self-cleaning agent of the atmosphere and a key species in the formation of harmful photooxidants during summer smog. Recent field measurements using very sensitive HONO instruments have shown that daytime HONO concentrations are much higher than has ...
Bas P - - 2007
The effects of linseed content in concentrates on the fatty acid (FA) composition of adipose tissues and muscles of lambs were studied in a 2×4 design: males (M) vs. females (F) and linseed content (0%, L0, 3%, L3, 6%, L6, 9%, L9). FA proportions were determined both on a DB-wax ...
Purawatt Sopon - - 2007
Flow field-flow fractionation-inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (FlFFF-ICP-OES) was applied to achieve the size-based fractionation of iron in a food suspension in order to gain insights into iron availability. The binding of iron with phytic and tannic acids, employed as model inhibitors of iron availability in foods, was investigated ...
Kalgaonkar Swati - - 2008
Biofortification of staple foods with iron (Fe) in the form of ferritin (Ft) is now possible, both by conventional plant breeding methods and transgenic approaches. Ft-Fe from plants and animals is absorbed well (25-30%) by human subjects, but little is known about dietary factors affecting its absorption. We used human ...
Mansur Marcelo Borges - - 2008
The selective removal of zinc(II) over iron(II) by liquid-liquid extraction from spent hydrochloric acid pickling effluents produced by the zinc hot-dip galvanizing industry was studied at room temperature. Two distinct effluents were investigated: effluent 1 containing 70.2g/L of Zn, 92.2g/L of Fe and pH 0.6, and effluent 2 containing 33.9 ...
Liu Keshun - - 2007
Phytic acid consists of 65-80% of the total phosphorus (P) in cereal grains. Its salts are concentrated in the germ and aleurone layers, which are typically removed during milling. We hypothesize that concentrations of different types of P and minerals in milled products will be greatly altered in low phytic ...
Tenopoulou Margarita - - 2007
The calcein-AM (calcein-acetoxymethyl ester) method is a widely used technique that is supposed to assay the intracellular 'labile iron pool' (LIP). When cells in culture are exposed to this ester, it passes the plasma membrane and reacts with cytosolic unspecific esterases. One of the reaction products, calcein, is a fluorochrome ...
Bejjani Satyanarayana - - 2007
AIM: To understand the digestive stability and mechanism of release and intestinal uptake of pea ferritin iron in caco-2 cell line model. METHODS: Pea seed ferritin was purified using salt fractionation followed by gel filtration chromatography. The bioavailability of ferritin iron was assessed using coupled in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model ...
Reis A - - 2007
Metal-catalysed radical oxidation of diacyl-glycerophosphatidylcholines (GPC) with omega-6 acyl polyunsaturated fatty acids (PAPC, palmitoyl-arachidonoyl-glycerophosphatidylcholine and PLPC, palmitoyl-lineloyl-glycerophosphatidylcholine) was studied. Free radical oxidation products were trapped by spin trapping with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrrolidine-N-oxide (DMPO) and identified by electrospray mass spectrometry (ES-MS). The spin adducts of oxidised GPC containing one and two oxygen atoms ...
Gautier-Luneau Isabelle - - 2007
The generation of free radicals (Fenton chemistry) from various iron citrate complexes has been studied. Spin trapping methods have been used. The results can question concerning the innocence of added citric acid in foods and cold drinks. We concluded that in absence of pathological situation citric acid is probably not ...
Deiana Salvatore - - 2007
With the aim to investigate the role of the polyuronic components in the accumulation of iron and phosphate at the soil-root interface, the interactions of Ca-polygalacturonates (PGAs) with Fe(III) and P ions and of Fe(III)-Ca-polygalacturonates (Fe-PGAs) with P ions were studied at pH 4.7. The role of citric, malic and ...
Proulx Amy K - - 2007
Maize is one of the most important cereal crops for human consumption, yet it is of concern due to its low iron bioavailability. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of processing on iron bioavailability in common maize products and elucidate better processing techniques for enhancing iron ...
Wistuba T J - - 2007
Sixteen steers (441±31.7kg initial body weight) consumed two high concentrate diets with either 0 or 3% fish oil to determine the impact of fish oil, an omega-3 fatty acid source, on the fatty acid composition of beef carcasses. Collected tissue samples included the Longissimus thoracis from the 6th to 7th ...
Adam Farook - - 2007
Iron and 4-(methylamino)benzoic acid have been successfully incorporated into silica extracted from rice husk. The silica/Fe/amine complex, RH-Fe(5% amine), showed a ca. 24% increase in specific surface area compared to RH-Fe. This increase was attributed to the templated formation of regular pores. The XRD showed the RH-Fe(5% amine) to be ...
Barakoti Lotika - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Mungbean (Vigna radiata) is a major source of energy and protein in developing countries, especially for the vegetarian population. Improvement of the bioavailability of iron in mungbean by common household processes could make a significant contribution to the nutrition of people in countries where iron-deficiency anemia is widespread. OBJECTIVE: ...
Zhang Huanmei - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency in children is a major worldwide nutritional problem. An oat beverage was developed for 1- to 3-year-old children and different treatments were used to improve the iron bioavailability. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of citric acid addition, phytase treatment and supplementation with different iron ...
Olsen Elisabeth Fjærvoll - - 2007
The composition of dietary fat has received increased attention during the recent years because it influences human health. Seventy seven samples from pork adipose tissue and melted fat from the same tissue were measured with Raman spectroscopy. Gas chromatography analysis was conducted as reference. Iodine values (IV) ranged from 58.2 ...
Hanna K - - 2007
The transport of aromatic carboxylate compounds in the environment can be strongly influenced by adsorption onto certain minerals, such as iron oxides and hydroxides, found in ground water and soils. Batch experiments with five iron oxides were conducted to quantify the contributions to adsorption from different iron mineral surfaces and ...
Alam Sahib - - 2007
Whole wheat flour was fortified with premix containing ferrous sulfate, ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid and folic acid (20.0:20.0:1.5 ppm) and was stored at ambient temperature for 60 days. Naans (flat bread) were prepared from 0 ppm, 25 ppm, 50 ppm and 75 ppm ferrous iron-fortified flour samples at 10-day intervals and ...
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