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Saha Supradip - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Screening of natural biodiversity for their better quality attributes is of prime importance for quality breeding programmes. A set of 53 tomato genotypes was measured for their textural [skin firmness, pericarp thickness, total soluble solids (TSS)], nutritional [phosphorus (P), potassium (K), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) ...
Kubo Isao - - 2010
6-Pentadecanylsalicylic acid, referred to as anacardic acid (C15:0), was found to inhibit the linoleic acid peroxidation competitively catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC 1.13.11.12, Type 1) with an IC50 of 14.3 microM (4.88 microg/mL). This inhibition is a reversible reaction without pro-oxidant effects. The inhibition kinetics analyzed by Dixon plots indicates ...
Beck Kathryn - - 2010
Dietary treatment is often recommended as the first line of treatment for women with mild iron deficiency. Although it is well established that ascorbic acid enhances iron absorption, it is less clear whether the consumption of ascorbic acid rich foods (such as kiwifruit) with meals fortified with iron improves iron ...
Schrettl Markus - - 2010
Iron is essential for a wide range of cellular processes. Here we show that the bZIP-type regulator HapX is indispensable for the transcriptional remodeling required for adaption to iron starvation in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. HapX represses iron-dependent and mitochondrial-localized activities including respiration, TCA cycle, amino acid metabolism, ...
Fukushima Masami - - 2010
An iron(III)-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(p-hydroxyphenyl) porphyrin (FeTHP) was introduced into hydroquinone-derived humic acids via formaldehyde polycondensation. The influence of humic acid (HA) type on the catalytic oxidation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) was investigated using two HAs as follows: Shinshinotsu peat (SHA) with a lower carboxylic acid content; Tohro ando soil (THA) with a higher ...
Huang Chun-Hao - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral Gram-negative microaerophilic bacterium. It is unique and distinctive among various bacterial pathogens for its ability to persist in the extreme acidic environment of human stomachs. To address and identify changes in the proteome of H. pylori in response to low pH, we have used a ...
Allen Lindsay H LH U.S. Department of Agriculture, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, University of California, Davis, California, USA. - - 2009
Multiple micronutrient supplements could increase hemoglobin and improve micronutrient status of pregnant women more than iron supplements alone or iron with folic acid. To compare the effects of multiple micronutrients with those of iron supplements alone or iron with folic acid, on hemoglobin and micronutrient status of pregnant women. Studies ...
Thavarajah Pushparajah - - 2009
Phytic acid is an antinutrient present mainly in seeds of grain crops such as legumes and cereals. It has the potential to bind mineral micronutrients in food and reduce their bioavailability. This study analyzed the phytic acid concentration in seeds of 19 lentil ( Lens culinaris L.) genotypes grown at ...
Yasunga Yuichi - - 2009
A 48-year-old woman with iron deficiency anemia (Hb 8.1 g/dl) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated enlarged fold gastritis underwent successful H. pylori eradication. Hemoglobin, serum iron concentrations, and other indices of iron deficiency anemia reached almost normal levels 10 to 16 months after the first eradication treatment. Iron absorption tests ...
Cheung Johnson - - 2009
Siderophores are iron-scavenging molecules produced by many microbes. In general, they are synthesized using either non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) or NRPS-independent siderophore (NIS) pathways. Staphylococcus aureus produces siderophores, of which the structures of staphyloferrin A and staphyloferrin B are known. Recently, the NIS biosynthetic pathway for staphyloferrin A was characterized. ...
Tuncuk A - - 2010
The removal of iron, titanium and aluminium from colourless and green waste glasses has been studied under various experimental conditions in order to optimize the process parameters and to decrease the metal content in the waste glass by acidic leaching. Statistical design of experiments and ANOVA (analysis of variance) were ...
Peiffer Stefan - - 2009
In large areas of Western Australia, acidic groundwaters occur with pH values distinctly lower than 3, generation of which has been attributed to the oxidation of Fe(II). Incubation experiments performed with sediments from playas receiving acid groundwater demonstrated occurrence of reductive dissolution of ferric iron minerals at rates [670 nmol ...
Jimenez-Del-Rio M - - 2010
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common progressive neurodegenerative disorder, for which at present no causal treatment is available. On the understanding that the causes of PD are mainly oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, antioxidants and other drugs are expected to be used. In the present study, we demonstrated for the ...
Ghio Andrew J - - 2009
Numerous industrial applications for man-made nanoparticles have been proposed. Interactions of nanoparticles with agents in the atmosphere may impact human health. We tested the postulate that in vitro exposures of respiratory epithelial cells to airborne magnetic nanoparticles (MNP; Fe(3)O(4)) with and without a secondary organic aerosol (SOA) and an inorganic ...
Leblanc C P - - 2009
Iron deficiency is prevalent among infants and pregnant women in industrialized country. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of moderate maternal iron deficiency on the offspring's fatty acid and eicosanoid metabolism and spatial memory in guinea pigs. An iron-sufficient (IS) or iron-deficient (ID) diet was fed ...
Norazalina S - - 2010
This study is carried out to determine the potential of phytic acid extracted from rice bran in the suppression of colon carcinogenesis induced by azoxymethane (AOM) in rats. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups with 12 rats in each group. The intended rats for cancer treatment received ...
Zhang X D - - 2009
An aqueous C.I. Acid Red 2 solution was decolorized by electrolysis using iron as anode. The decolorization mechanism was investigated through experimental observations on the electrochemical behavior of C.I. Acid Red 2 on Pt rotating disk electrode, UV-visible spectra of the solution and IR spectra of the coagulated mixtures. It ...
Patere Shilpa N - - 2009
In recent years, oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of a large number of diseases or disorders which are initiated and/or exacerbated by pro-oxidants such as various drugs including alcohol and food additives. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of oral treatment with polyherbal ...
Zhao Fei - - 2009
High quality FePt nanocrystals were synthesized by a simple and high performance synthetic method in a hydrocarbon solvent. Instead of a toxic and dangerous Fe(CO)(5) precursor, air-stable and generic inorganic and organic iron salts were used as the iron precursors. Fatty acid molecules were identified as both efficient reducing reagents ...
Neves Natália Rust - - 2009
The Brazilian sandy coastal plain named restinga is frequently subjected to particulate and gaseous emissions from iron ore factories. These gases may come into contact with atmospheric moisture and produce acid rain. The effects of the acid rain on vegetation, combined with iron excess in the soil, can lead to ...
Ammendola Serena - - 2009
Undecanoic acid (UDA) is a fatty acid with significant antimycotic activity. In this work we have synthesized 10-undecanhydroxamic acid, a hydroxamate derivative of the UDA, and tested its antimicrobial activity on different microorganisms. Our results demonstrate that this compound has higher efficacy than UDA against a variety of fungi and ...
Liu Tongzhou - - 2009
The interactions of co-present Cr(VI) and As(V), and the influences of humic acid and bicarbonate in the process of Cr(VI) and As(V) removal by Fe(0) were investigated in a batch setting using simulated groundwater with 5 mM NaCl, 1 mM Na(2)SO(4), and 0.8 mM CaCl(2) as background electrolytes at an ...
Abbasi Pervaiz A - - 2009
Fish emulsion (FE) added to a sandy-loam soil at 1 and 2% rates reduced the viability of Verticillium dahliae microsclerotia by 39 and 74% in 1 day, 87 and 98% in 3 days, and 95 and 99% in 6 days, respectively. The immediate kill of microsclerotia indicated that FE contains ...
Xiao-feng Pang - - 2009
Iron oxides and its hydrate nanoparticles, for example, nanoFe3O4 and nanoFe3O4 with hydroxyl, were synthesized by hydrothermal method, their sizes and features are evaluated by infrared spectra and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) etc. The dimensions of these nanoparticles produced are about 50-120 nm. In the investigation of influence of nanoFe3O4 ...
Ardlin Berit I - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To study corrosion and to evaluate biological effects in vitro of corrosion products of a copper-aluminum-nickel alloy with 2% gold. METHODS: The alloy NPGtrade mark+2 with the nominal composition Cu:77.3; Al:7.8; Ni:4.3; Fe:3.0; Zn:2.7; Au:2.0; and Mn:1.7 was characterized. Static immersion in acidic saline, pH 2.2-2.4, was used to ...
Marin Alinne M F - - 2009
The present study evaluated the nutritious potential of 18 fruits, all native of the Brazilian Cerrado biome. Mineral contents were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission; phytic acid and tannin contents by a colorimetric and titrimetric method, respectively; and the potential mineral bioavailability by the molar ratio of phytic ...
Chen Chih-Jung - - 2009
Iron fatty acid complexes (IFACs) are prepared via the dissolution of porous hematite powder in hot unsaturated fatty acid. The IFACs are then decomposed in five different organic solvents under reflux conditions in the presence of the respective fatty acid. The XRD analysis results indicate that the resulting NPs comprise ...
D'Evoli L - - 2009
The present study provides a picture of the compositional figure and nutritive value of meat-based dishes typical of Italian culinary tradition. Recipes specific for a bovine meat cut (top-side) were selected among the most widespread ones in Italy: in pan, pizzaiola, cutlet, meat ball, and escalope. The total fat and ...
Hou Meifang - - 2009
The dechlorination of pentachlorophenol (PCP) by zerovalent iron (Fe(0)) in presence of low molecular weight carboxylic acids was investigated. The experimental results showed that oxalic acid was advantaged among the selected acids for the dechlorination of PCP. The lower pH value and the higher dosage of Fe(0) were favorable for ...
Tovar Luis Raul - - 2008
Pulque is made by fermenting the agave sap or aguamiel of Agave atrovirens with a whole array of microorganisms present in the environment including several lactic acid bacteria and yeasts such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Ascorbic acid was determined in pulque and aguamiel, respectively. Phytase activity in lees, liquid and freeze-dried ...
Mitsuyoshi Hironori H Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2009
Hepatic steatosis and iron cause oxidative stress, thereby progressing steatosis to steatohepatitis. We quantified the expression of genes involved in the metabolism of fatty acids and iron in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The levels of transcripts for the following genes were quantified from biopsy specimens of 74 ...
Kolb A M - - 2009
Release of non-protein bound iron plays an important role in the toxicity inflicted by chemotherapy in cancer patients. Since large variations have been described for different methods measuring non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI), we aimed to obtain more accurate values. After binding to the chelator nitrilotriacetic acid disodium salt (NTA) and ...
Jenkinson David M - - 2008
Use of performance-enhancing supplements occurs at all levels of sports, from professional athletes to junior high school students. Although some supplements do enhance athletic performance, many have no proven benefits and have serious adverse effects. Anabolic steroids and ephedrine have life-threatening adverse effects and are prohibited by the International Olympic ...
Mouquet-Rivier Claire - - 2008
Ben-kida and ben-saalga are popular pearl-millet-based fermented gruels in Burkina Faso. A survey of 318 households in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) showed that they are often used as complementary food for young children. Pearl millet and gruels, sampled in 48 production units, were analysed for proximate composition, factors reducing nutrient bioavailability ...
Saladino Raffaele - - 2008
We describe the one-pot synthesis of a large panel of nucleic bases and related compounds from formamide in the presence of iron sulfur and iron-copper sulfur minerals as catalysts. The major products observed are purine, 1H-pyrimidinone, isocytosine, adenine, 2-aminopurine, carbodiimide, urea, and oxalic acid. Isocytosine and 2-aminopurine may recognize natural ...
Lin Huilan - - 2008
Iron is an essential nutrient but in excess may damage cells by generating reactive oxygen species due to Fenton reaction or by substituting for other transition metals in essential proteins. The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae detoxifies cytosolic iron by storage in the vacuole. Deletion of CCC1, which encodes the vacuolar ...
Pham Hoa T - - 2008
The transformation of trichloroethylene (TCE) in natural mineral iron disulfide (pyrite) aqueous suspension under different oxygen conditions was investigated in laboratory batch experiments. TCE transformation was pursued by monitoring its disappearance and products released with time. The effect of oxygen was studied by varying the initial dissolved oxygen concentration (DO(i)) ...
Atanassova Bissera D - - 2008
Ascorbic acid is actively involved in the control of iron metabolism. It has long been known to enhance absorption of iron from test meals. At first this effect was ascribed to luminal reduction and solubilsation of iron. Later, molecular cloning of mammalian duodenal brush-border reductase activity and studies in animals ...
Ma Ai G - - 2008
In rural China, many pregnant women in their third trimester suffer from anemia (48%) and iron deficiency (ID; 42%), often with coexisting deficiencies of retinol and riboflavin. We investigated the effect of retinol and riboflavin supplementation in addition to iron plus folic acid on anemia and subjective well-being in pregnant ...
Panay Aram J AJ Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-2128, - - 2008
Phenylalanine hydroxylase from Chromobacterium violaceum (CvPheH) is a non-heme iron monooxygenase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of phenylalanine to tyrosine. In this study, we used deuterium kinetic isotope effects to probe the chemical mechanisms of aromatic and benzylic hydroxylation to compare the reactivities of bacterial and eukaryotic aromatic amino acid hydroxylases. ...
Scheers Nathalie M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) enhances iron uptake in human intestinal cells. It is commonly believed that the enhancement is due to the capacity of ascorbic acid to reduce ferric iron to ferrous iron. Other suggestions have recently been made about the effects of ascorbic acid on the cellular metabolism ...
Colabroy Keri L - - 2008
L-DOPA-2,3-dioxygenase from Streptomyces lincolnensis is a single-domain type I extradiol dioxygenase of the vicinal oxygen chelate superfamily and catalyzes the second step in the metabolism of tyrosine to the propylhygric acid moiety of the antibiotic, lincomycin. S. lincolnensis L-DOPA-2,3-dioxygenase was overexpressed, purified and reconstituted with Fe(II). The activity of L-DOPA-2,3-dioxygenase ...
Bergeron Raymond J RJ Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0485, USA. - - 2008
The syntheses of a series of 4'-O-alkylated ( S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-4-thiazole-carboxylic acid and 5'-O-alkylated ( S)-4,5-dihydro-2-(2,5-dihydroxyphenyl)-4-methyl-4-thiazolecarboxylic acid ligands are described. Their partition between octanol and water, log P(app), is determined, along with their iron-clearing efficiency (ICE) in both non-iron-overloaded, bile duct-cannulated rodents and in iron-overloaded primates. The ligand-promoted biliary ferrokinetics in rats ...
Bunescu Andrei - - 2008
Aminopolycarboxylic acids are ubiquitous in natural waters and wastewaters. They have the ability to form very stable water-soluble complexes with many metallic di- or trivalent ions. The iron complex nitrilotriacetic acid-Fe(III) (FeNTA) has been previously shown to increase drastically the rate of photo- and biodegradation of 2-aminobenzothiazole, an organic pollutant, ...
Jin Fuxia - - 2009
The effects of ascorbic acid (AA), phytate and tannic acid (TA) on Fe bioavailability from Fe supplied as reconstituted ferritin were compared with FeSO4 using an in vitro digestion-Caco-2 cell model. Horse spleen apoferritin was chemically reconstituted into an animal-type ferritin (HSF) and a plant-type ferritin (P-HSF) according to the ...
Navas-Carretero Santiago - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Preventing iron deficiency has been a main target of the World Health Organization since 1992. Difficulties to reach dietary recommended iron intakes and to enhance iron absorption should be overcome. We compared in iron-deficient women the bioavailability of iron of three meat pate products enriched with ferrous sulfate, ferric ...
Alonso Verónica - - 2009
This study considers the effect of crossbreeding and gender (barrows; gilts) on meat quality and intramuscular and subcutaneous fatty acid composition in pork. The sire lines included Large White (LW), Duroc (D) and Pietrain (P) and the dam line was Landrace (LR)×LW, producing LW×(LR×LW), D×(LR×LW) and P×(LR×LW). Pork samples were ...
Lee Ha-Young - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to develop a bifunctional iron oxide (IO) nanoparticle probe for PET and MRI scans of tumor integrin alphavbeta3 expression. METHODS: Polyaspartic acid (PASP)-coated IO (PASP-IO) nanoparticles were synthesized using a coprecipitation method, and particle size and magnetic properties were measured. A phantom study was ...
Rane Makarand Ramesh - - 2008
Biocontrol ability of Pseudomonas aeruginosa ID 4365, a biocontrol agent of groundnut phytopathogens from marine origin, was previously attributed to the production of pyoverdin type of siderophores. However, pyoverdin-rich supernatants of this organism showed better antifungal activity compared to equivalent amount of purified pyoverdin indicating presence of undetected metabolite(s) in ...
Hansen Henrik K - - 2008
This work shows the laboratory results of nine electrodialytic remediation experiments on copper mine tailings. A newly designed remediation cell, where the solids were kept in suspension by airflow, was tested. The results show that electric current could remove copper from suspended tailings applying 40 mA during 7 days. The ...
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