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González-Muniesa Pedro - - 2011
Background/Aims: Hypoxia occurs in white adipose tissue in obesity, modulating the expression and release of specific inflammation-related adipokines. ANGPTL4 (angiopoietin-like protein 4/fasting-induced adipose factor), which is implicated in angiogenesis, lipid metabolism and glucose homeostasis, is a major hypoxia-sensitive gene; recent studies indicate that ANGPTL4 expression is also regulated by fatty ...
Ezure Tomonobu - - 2011
Subcutaneous adipose tissue lies just beneath the dermal layer, but the interaction between the two types of tissue remains obscure. Recently, we reported that obesity is associated with decreased dermal elasticity. To investigate the mechanism of the adipose tissue/dermal interaction, fibroblasts were cocultured with small or enlarged adipocytes, using a ...
Alexander-Aguilera Alfonso - - 2011
The fatty acid profile of hepatocytes and adipocytes is determined by the composition of the dietary lipids. It remains unclear which fatty acid components contribute to the development or reduction of insulin resistance. The present work examined the fatty acid composition of both tissues in sucrose-induced obese rats receiving fish ...
Xu Mo - - 2011
The lipid-binding protein (LBP) family is conserved from Caenorhabditis elegans to mammals and essential for fatty acid homeostasis. RNAi-mediated knockdown of nine C. elegans lbp family members revealed that lbp-5 regulates fat accumulation. C. elegans LBP-5 bound directly to various fatty acids with varying affinities. lbp-5 expression in nhr-49(nr2041) worms ...
Sato Daisuke - - 2011
It is currently believed that metabolic syndrome, in general, and type 2 diabetes mellitus, in particular, depend more on visceral than on subcutaneous adipose tissue. However, the relationship between insulin resistance and fatty acid composition in visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissues remains to be clarified. In the present study, we ...
Liu Pin - - 2011
Until recently, dietary fat was considered to be tasteless, and its primary sensory attribute was believed to be its texture (Rolls et al., 1999; Verhagen et al., 2003). However, a number of studies have demonstrated the ability of components in fats, specifically free fatty acids, to activate taste cells and ...
Uemoto Y - - 2012
The fatty acid composition and melting point of fatty tissue are among the most important economic traits in pig breeding because of their influence on the eating quality of meat. Identifying the quantitative trait locus (QTL) of these traits may help reveal the genetic structure of fatty acid composition and ...
Prieto N - - 2011
This study examined the ability of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to estimate the concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids and their biohydrogenation products in the subcutaneous fat of beef cows fed flaxseed. Subcutaneous fat samples at the 12th rib of 62 cows were stored at -80°C, thawed, scanned over a ...
Rathgeber B M - - 2011
Consumer demands for food products enriched with healthful n-3 fatty acids are steadily increasing. Feeding marine byproducts may provide an economical means of increasing the long-chain n-3 content of broiler tissues. A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary lobster meal (LM) on the color and fatty acid ...
Park Mi-Young - - 2011
The dietary intake of whole grains is known to reduce the incidence of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. To investigate whether there are anti-adipogenic activities in various Korean cereals, we assessed water extracts of nine cereals. The results showed that treatment of 3T3-L1 adipocytes with ...
Pietiläinen Kirsi H KH Department of Medicine, Division of Internal Medicine, and Department of Psychiatry, Obesity Research Unit, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, - - 2011
Identification of early mechanisms that may lead from obesity towards complications such as metabolic syndrome is of great interest. Here we performed lipidomic analyses of adipose tissue in twin pairs discordant for obesity but still metabolically compensated. In parallel we studied more evolved states of obesity by investigating a separated ...
Hiller Beate - - 2011
Changes in fatty acid composition of longissimus muscle and subcutaneous adipose tissue of German Holstein bulls induced by a grass-silage/n-3 fatty acid based intervention diet versus a maize-silage/n-6 fatty acid based control diet were analyzed and related to shifts in lipogenic gene expression, protein expression, and enzyme activity patterns. Significantly ...
Kroustallaki Penelope - - 2011
Thirty-one brands of margarines from the Greek market were analyzed for their fatty acid composition including trans-fatty acids by gas chromatography. Trans fatty acids (TFAs) were found within the range of 0.16-0.97% of total fat content, with no sample found to have TFA in a concentration more than 1% of ...
Brinkman Maree T - - 2011
The role of dietary fat in bladder cancer aetiology is currently unclear due to few studies, equivocal findings and a lack of information on important dietary fatty acids. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between the intake of major dietary fats and fatty acids and ...
Narukami Takahiro - - 2011
Fatty acid composition of adipose tissue has been recognized as an important carcass trait because of its relationship with eating quality such as favorable beef flavor and tenderness. Therefore, we investigated the effects of genetic polymorphisms of liver X receptor, alpha (LXR), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), Fatty acid synthase (FASN), and ...
Chakravorty Jharna - - 2011
We identified nutritionally relevant fatty acids and macro- and micronutrient content in Aspongopus nepalensis Westwood 1837 (Hemiptera), an insect used as food by the ethnic people of Arunachal Pradesh (North East India). Regarding macronutrients, crude lipids made up 38.35 %, fibre 33.47 %, protein 10.6 %, moisture 41.9 %, and ...
ChoromaƄska Barbara - - 2011
Excessive levels of free fatty acids are toxic to cells. The human body has evolved a defense mechanism in the form of small cytoplasmic proteins called fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) that bind long-chain fatty acids (LCFA), and then refer them to appropriate intracellular disposal sites (oxidation in mitochondria and ...
Pilch Paul F - - 2011
The abundance of caveolae in adipocytes suggests a possible cell-specific role for these structures, and because these cells take up and release fatty acids as their quantitatively most robust activity, modulation of fatty acid movement is one such role that is supported by substantial in vitro and in vivo data. ...
Beaulieu Aurore - - 2011
It is suspected that bone marrow (BM) microenvironmental factors may influence the evolution of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). In this study, we postulated that adipocytes and lipids could be involved in the progression of CML. To test this hypothesis, adipocytes were co-cultured with two BCR-ABL positive cell lines (PCMDS and ...
Dahm Christina Catherine - - 2011
Diets rich in n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), but low in n-6 LC-PUFA and 18:1 trans-fatty acids (TFA), may lower the risk of overweight and obesity. These fatty acids have often been investigated individually. We explored associations between global patterns in adipose tissue fatty acids and changes in ...
Bouwman Aniek C - - 2011
Identifying genomic regions, and preferably individual genes, responsible for genetic variation in milk fat composition of bovine milk will enhance the understanding of biological pathways involved in fatty acid synthesis and may point to opportunities for changing milk fat composition via selective breeding. An association study of 50,000 single nucleotide ...
Anekonda Thimmappa S TS Department of Neurology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA. - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) causes progressive, age-dependent cortical and hippocampal dysfunction leading to abnormal intellectual capacity and memory. We propose a novel protective treatment for AD pathology with phytic acid (inositol hexakisphosphate), a phytochemical found in food grains and a key signaling molecule in mammalian cells. We evaluated the protective and ...
Aarnio Vuokko V Functional Genomics and Bioinformatics Laboratory, Department of Biosciences and Department of Neurobiology, A. I. Virtanen Institute, Biocenter Finland, University of Eastern Finland Kuopio, - - 2011
Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) are mono-oxygenases that metabolize endogenous compounds, such as fatty acids and lipid signaling molecules, and furthermore have a role in metabolism of xenobiotics. In order to investigate the role of CYP genes in fat metabolism at the molecular level, four Caenorhabditis elegans mutants lacking functional CYP-35A1, CYP-35A2, ...
Jiménez Sergio - - 2011
Iron deficiency induces several responses to iron shortage in plants. Metabolic changes occur to sustain the increased iron uptake capacity of Fe-deficient plants. We evaluated the metabolic changes of three Prunus rootstocks submitted to iron chlorosis and their different responses for tolerance using measurements of metabolites and enzymatic activities. The ...
Baráth Gábor - - 2010
In this communication we describe the first example of a biomimetic mononuclear iron complex, [Fe(III)(Salen)Cl] (Salen = N,N'-bis(salicylidene)-ethylenediaminato), that highly selectively and efficiently catalyzes the oxidation of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACCH), α-aminoisobutyric acid (AIBH), and alanine (ALAH) to ethylene or the corresponding carbonyl compounds, mimicking the action of the non-heme iron ...
Byard Roger W - - 2010
To determine whether routine decalcification may reduce the amount of stainable iron that is visible on tissue sections, samples of liver and lung tissue with excessive iron stores were placed in three standard decalcifying solutions (i) formic acid [33%], formaldehyde [4%], and NaCl [0.85%]; (ii) formic acid [30%], formaldehyde [4%], ...
Beck Kathryn - - 2011
Ascorbic acid, and more recently, the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin have been shown to enhance Fe absorption. However, it is not clear whether Fe status improves when foods high in ascorbic acid and carotenoids are consumed with Fe-fortified meals. The present study aimed to investigate whether consuming high v. low ...
Menezes Carlyle T B - - 2011
Dissolved air flotation (DAF) is a well-established separation process employing micro bubbles as a carrier phase. The application of this technique in the treatment of acid mine drainage, using three yeast biosurfactants as alternative collectors, is hereby analyzed. Batch studies were carried out in a 50-cm high acrylic column with ...
Du Feihu - - 2011
This paper deals with the removal of iron from silica sand in aqueous oxalic acid, in the absence and presence of ultrasound. The parameters investigated were the reaction temperature, stirring speed, ultrasound power, acid concentration and reaction time. The optimum conditions for the maximum removal of 75.4% of iron with ...
Rosa João N - - 2010
NHC-iron complexes prepared in situ very efficiently afforded benzoates via the aerobic oxidative aromatic esterification of aldehydes with boronic acids. This method uses equimolar amounts of both the aldehyde and the boronic acid allowing the preparation of benzoates in yields up to 97%.
Sanghvi Tina G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: According to a World Health Organization (WHO) review of nationally representative surveys from 1993 to 2005, 42% of pregnant women have anemia worldwide. Almost 90% of anemic women reside in Africa or Asia. Most countries have policies and programs for prenatal iron-folic acid supplementation, but coverage remains low and ...
Katz Joanne - - 2010
A community-based, cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled trial of daily zinc and/or iron+folic acid supplementation was conducted in rural southern Nepal to examine motor milestone attainment among 3264 children 1-36 mo of age between 2001 and 2006. Treatment groups included placebo, zinc (10 mg), iron+folic acid (12.5 mg iron + 50 microg folic ...
Lavin Shana R - - 2010
Excessive absorption and subsequent storage of dietary iron has been found in a variety of captively held birds and mammals, including fruit bats. It is thought that feeding a diet that is low in iron can prevent the onset of this disease; however, manufacturing a diet with commonly available foodstuffs ...
Ou Keqin - - 2010
Effects of enzymatic hydrolysates of whey protein concentrates (WPC) on iron absorption were studied using in vitro digestion combined with Caco-2 cell models for improved iron absorption. Neutrase- and papain-treated WPC could improve iron absorption; especially hydrolysates by Neutrase could significantly increase iron absorption to 12.8% compared to 3.8% in ...
Namba Kosuke - - 2010
Iron acquisition of graminaceous plants is characterized by the synthesis and secretion of iron-chelating compounds, mugineic acids (MAs), and by a specific uptake system for MAs-iron(III) complexes. We identified a transporter, HvYS1 (Hordeum vulgare L. yellow stripe 1), that is highly specific for MAs-iron(III) in barley roots. In this article ...
Bruno-Bárcena Jose M - - 2010
Growth in aerobic environments has been shown to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to cause oxidative stress in most organisms. Antioxidant enzymes (i.e., superoxide dismutases and hydroperoxidases) and DNA repair mechanisms provide protection against ROS. Acid stress has been shown to be associated with the induction of Mn superoxide ...
Shakoury-Elizeh Minoo - - 2010
Iron is an essential cofactor for enzymes involved in numerous cellular processes, yet little is known about the impact of iron deficiency on cellular metabolism or iron proteins. Previous studies have focused on changes in transcript and proteins levels in iron-deficient cells, yet these changes may not reflect changes in ...
He Chao - - 2010
The reduction of carbon dioxide (CO(2)) under mild hydrothermal conditions was carried out in the presence of iron nanoparticles. In this reaction system, the iron nanoparticles not only act as the reducing agent but also catalyze the reduction of CO(2) to form formic acid and acetic acid.
Liu Joe - - 2010
Desferrioxamine B (DFOB) conjugates with adamantane-1-carboxylic acid, 3-hydroxyadamantane-1-carboxylic acid, 3,5-dimethyladamantane-1-carboxylic acid, adamantane-1-acetic acid, 4-methylphenoxyacetic acid, 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-oxo-1-pyridineacetic acid (N-acetic acid derivative of deferiprone), or 4-[3,5-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl]benzoic acid (deferasirox) were prepared and the integrity of Fe(III) binding of the compounds was established from electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and RP-HPLC measurements. The extent of ...
Eberhard Matthias - - 2010
Phytic acid, an anticarcinogenic food component, stimulates apoptosis of tumor cells. Similar to apoptosis, human erythrocytes may undergo suicidal death or eryptosis, characterized by cell membrane scrambling and cell shrinkage. Triggers of eryptosis include energy depletion. Phytate intake could cause anemia, an effect attributed to iron complexation. The present experiments ...
Saha Supradip - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Screening of natural biodiversity for their better quality attributes is of prime importance for quality breeding programmes. A set of 53 tomato genotypes was measured for their textural [skin firmness, pericarp thickness, total soluble solids (TSS)], nutritional [phosphorus (P), potassium (K), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn) ...
Kubo Isao - - 2010
6-Pentadecanylsalicylic acid, referred to as anacardic acid (C15:0), was found to inhibit the linoleic acid peroxidation competitively catalyzed by soybean lipoxygenase-1 (EC 1.13.11.12, Type 1) with an IC50 of 14.3 microM (4.88 microg/mL). This inhibition is a reversible reaction without pro-oxidant effects. The inhibition kinetics analyzed by Dixon plots indicates ...
Beck Kathryn - - 2010
Dietary treatment is often recommended as the first line of treatment for women with mild iron deficiency. Although it is well established that ascorbic acid enhances iron absorption, it is less clear whether the consumption of ascorbic acid rich foods (such as kiwifruit) with meals fortified with iron improves iron ...
Schrettl Markus - - 2010
Iron is essential for a wide range of cellular processes. Here we show that the bZIP-type regulator HapX is indispensable for the transcriptional remodeling required for adaption to iron starvation in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. HapX represses iron-dependent and mitochondrial-localized activities including respiration, TCA cycle, amino acid metabolism, ...
Fukushima Masami - - 2010
An iron(III)-5,10,15,20-tetrakis(p-hydroxyphenyl) porphyrin (FeTHP) was introduced into hydroquinone-derived humic acids via formaldehyde polycondensation. The influence of humic acid (HA) type on the catalytic oxidation of pentachlorophenol (PCP) was investigated using two HAs as follows: Shinshinotsu peat (SHA) with a lower carboxylic acid content; Tohro ando soil (THA) with a higher ...
Huang Chun-Hao - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral Gram-negative microaerophilic bacterium. It is unique and distinctive among various bacterial pathogens for its ability to persist in the extreme acidic environment of human stomachs. To address and identify changes in the proteome of H. pylori in response to low pH, we have used a ...
Allen Lindsay H LH U.S. Department of Agriculture, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, University of California, Davis, California, USA. - - 2009
Multiple micronutrient supplements could increase hemoglobin and improve micronutrient status of pregnant women more than iron supplements alone or iron with folic acid. To compare the effects of multiple micronutrients with those of iron supplements alone or iron with folic acid, on hemoglobin and micronutrient status of pregnant women. Studies ...
Thavarajah Pushparajah - - 2009
Phytic acid is an antinutrient present mainly in seeds of grain crops such as legumes and cereals. It has the potential to bind mineral micronutrients in food and reduce their bioavailability. This study analyzed the phytic acid concentration in seeds of 19 lentil ( Lens culinaris L.) genotypes grown at ...
Yasunga Yuichi - - 2009
A 48-year-old woman with iron deficiency anemia (Hb 8.1 g/dl) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-associated enlarged fold gastritis underwent successful H. pylori eradication. Hemoglobin, serum iron concentrations, and other indices of iron deficiency anemia reached almost normal levels 10 to 16 months after the first eradication treatment. Iron absorption tests ...
Cheung Johnson - - 2009
Siderophores are iron-scavenging molecules produced by many microbes. In general, they are synthesized using either non-ribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS) or NRPS-independent siderophore (NIS) pathways. Staphylococcus aureus produces siderophores, of which the structures of staphyloferrin A and staphyloferrin B are known. Recently, the NIS biosynthetic pathway for staphyloferrin A was characterized. ...
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