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Results 601 - 650 of 1185
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Duhan A - - 1999
Manak, the high yielding cultivator of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) released by (International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics) ICRISAT, India was subjected to various domestic processing and cooking methods viz., soaking (6, 12 and 18 h, 30 degrees C), soaking and dehulling, ordinary cooking, pressure cooking and germination (24, ...
Gendron R - - 1999
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are capable of cleaving almost all macromolecules of the extracellular connective tissue matrix and are thought to play a major role in tissue destructive inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of siderophores, which are iron-chelating molecules produced by ...
Davenel A - - 1999
The dependence of solid fat content at 20°C of adipose tissues on their fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions was studied on lipids extracted from tissues from 166 pigs. The solid fat content (SFC20) was 20% on average but varied widely (9-35%). The SFC20 variability was closely related to the proportions ...
Laforge M - - 1999
The authors present a patient who ingested a cyanide containing solution and arrived at the hospital without any clinical evidence of intoxication but an elevated blood cyanide level. The authors explain this discrepancy with the following hypotheses: 1) the patient ingested cyanide as an iron-chelated complex; and 2) the sulfuric ...
Mendoza C - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Genetically modified, low-phytic acid strains of maize were developed to enhance mineral absorption, but have not been tested previously in humans. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the mineral and phytic acid contents of a low-phytic acid "flint" maize (LPM, the lpa-1-1 mutant) and its parent, wild-type strain (WTM) and measured iron ...
Rimbach G - - 1998
The objective of this study was to determine the effects of phytic acid on free radical generation in vitro and in growing rats. Electron spin resonance spectroscopy studies using 5, 5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) as a spin trap indicate a complete inhibition of hydroxyl radical formation via the iron-catalyzed Fenton reaction at ...
Webb E C - - 1998
Double-muscled cows of the Belgian Blue breed, ranging from ca. 680 to 880 kg live weight were slaughtered and various fat depots sampled for lipid analysis. Subcutaneous fat (SCF), intermuscular fat in m. serratus (IMF1) and m. transversalis (IMF2), kidney fat (KF) and intramuscular fat in m. longissimus thoracis (IMF3) ...
Bocos C - - 1998
In vitro effects of pantethine on adipose tissue lipolysis and on both hepatic and intestinal cholesterol and fatty acid synthesis in normolipidemic rats are determined and related to their respective in vivo hypolipidemic effects after acute oral administration. At 3, 5, 7 and 24 h after a single high dose ...
Ober M D - - 1998
Previous studies have demonstrated that altering the fatty acid composition of porcine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAEC) significantly modulates their susceptibility to oxidative stimuli, e.g. H2O2. Based on observations that fatty acids also function to transport iron, an important catalyst for H2O2-mediated hydroxyl radical generation, we hypothesized that fatty acid-induced ...
Huang X - - 1998
Epidemiological studies have shown that the prevalence of coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) differed remarkably between different coal mine regions despite comparable exposures to respirable dust. In the United States, CWP was found to be most common in Pennsylvania coal miners and least common in miners from Utah. The active component(s) ...
Grases F - - 1998
The effects of phytic acid and phytic acid/zinc mixtures on renal urolith development in an animal model of nephrolitiasis were studied. Male rats were divided into four groups of 15, 10, 10 and 12 rats each. The rats of Group I were treated with ethylene glycol; of Group II with ...
Alecci M - - 1998
The use of RF (100 to 300 MHz) PEDRI and CW-EPR techniques allows the in vivo study of large animals such as whole rats and rabbits. Recently a PEDRI instrument was modified to also allow CW-EPR spectroscopy with samples of similar size and under the same experimental conditions. In the ...
Lee M - - 1998
Acetylenic bonds are present in more than 600 naturally occurring compounds. Plant enzymes that catalyze the formation of the Delta12 acetylenic bond in 9-octadecen-12-ynoic acid and the Delta12 epoxy group in 12,13-epoxy-9-octadecenoic acid were characterized, and two genes, similar in sequence, were cloned. When these complementary DNAs were expressed in ...
Davidsson L - - 1998
The influence of ascorbic acid on iron absorption from an iron-fortified, chocolate-flavored milk drink (6.3 mg total Fe per serving) was evaluated with a stable-isotope technique in 20 6-7-y-old Jamaican children. Each child received two test meals labeled with 5.6 mg 57Fe and 3.0 mg 58Fe as ferrous sulfate on ...
Drechsel H - - 1998
Siderophores are low molecular weight iron chelators, produced by virtually all bacteria, fungi and some plants. They serve to deliver the essential element iron, barely soluble under aerobic conditions, into microbial cells. Siderophores are therefore important secondary metabolites which are very often based on amino acids and their derivatives. Biosynthesis, ...
Guesry P - - 1998
Common sense always links good nutrition with optimal development of infants and, particularly, of brain development. Fortunately, brain development is rather resistant to nutritional deficiencies, provided that the psychomotor stimulation of the baby is adequate, as shown by many authors in the case of global protein energy malnutrition. For two ...
Nguyen M V - - 1998
Five new dihydroxamic acid ligands (L) (8, 10a, 10b, 10c and 13) have been synthesised and characterised as potential chelating agents for iron (Fe3+). The log stability constants of Fe2L3 and FeL+ from Fe3+ and L2- have been estimated to be log beta = 61.96 and log beta 1 = ...
Giulivi C - - 1998
The oxidation of myoglobin by H2O2 yields ferrylmyoglobin, which contains two oxidizing equivalents: the oxoferryl complex and an amino acid radical. This study examines the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) properties of the resulting amino acid radicals and their inherent kinetic features at [H2O2]/[protein] ratios close to physiological conditions (i.e., < ...
Singh A - - 1998
The present study evaluates the potential of smokeless tobacco to translactationally modify the chemopreventive efficacy of phytic acid and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) via modulation of the hepatic xenobiotic detoxication system and antioxidant defense mechanism in the murine system. Phytic acid (1000 mg/kg b.w./day) by gavage while BHA (1% w/w) in ...
Miyajima H - - 1998
Aceruloplasminemia is a newly recognized autosomal recessive disorder of iron metabolism that causes neurodegeneration of the retina and basal ganglia as well as diabetes mellitus. Our previous studies suggested that increased susceptibility to plasma lipid peroxidation secondary to iron accumulation may contribute to the pathogenesis in this disease. We now ...
Dunning J C - - 1998
Reduced, transition metal cations commonly enhance oxidative damage to cells caused by hydroperoxides formed as a result of oxygen metabolism or added externally. As expected, the cations Fe2+ and Cu+ enhanced killing of Streptococcus mutans GS-5 by hydroperoxides. However, unexpectedly, they also induced lethal damage under fully anaerobic conditions in ...
Kono Y - - 1998
Chlorogenic acid, a dietary antioxidant, effectively inhibited the iron-induced lipid peroxidation of bovine liver microsomes in a concentration-dependent manner. In the Fenton-type reaction, chlorogenic acid inhibited the production of the hydroxyl radical by iron-EDTA or iron-ADP, while iron plus chlorogenic acid did not generate the hydroxyl radical. The formation of ...
Rose P D - - 1998
Acid mine drainage pollution may be associated with large water volume flows and exceptionally long periods of time over which the drainage may require treatment. While the use and role of sulphate reducing bacteria has been demonstrated in active treatment systems for acid mine drainage remediation, reactor size requirement and ...
Yamanishi H - - 1997
We established a method for fully automated measurement of total iron-binding capacity (TIBC) in serum without separation of the unbound excess iron after saturating serum transferrin. After saturation of serum transferrin with an excess amount of iron (first step), the unbound iron was eliminated by formation of a complex with ...
Smith P A - - 1997
Various uses of rosin and exposure to its resin acid constituents have been associated with dermal and pulmonary sensitization. Methodology is presented to detect resin acids common to rosin (such as abietic and dehydroabietic acid) found in aerosol from heated rosin flux. Air filtration, solvent filter extraction, and gas chromatography/mass ...
Rivkin G - - 1997
A major consideration in the selection of new and improved iron chelators for clinical use is preferential interaction with the most toxic iron compartment. We describe the biologic properties of a new synthetic hexadentate iron chelator (IRC011) that is a substituted polyaza compound. Unlike deferoxamine (DF ), the polyaza structure ...
Briganti F - - 1997
A catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C1,2O) has been purified to homogeneity from Acinetobacter radioresistens grown on phenol as the sole carbon and energy source. The C1,2O appears to be a homodimer, with a molecular mass of 78,000 Da. At relatively high ionic strengths (0.5 M Na2SO4) subunit dissociation occurs and the monomeric ...
Challa A - - 1997
Several epidemiological studies point to a strong correlation between nutrient composition of the diet and cancer of the colon. Phytic acid, present in grains, has been credited with reducing the risk of cancer of the colon. A number of reports are available indicating the benefits of green tea consumption in ...
Ollinger K - - 1997
Primary cultures of rat hepatocytes were subjected to amino acid and serum deprivation for 4 h. This treatment augmented the sensitivity to ensuing hydrogen peroxide exposure for 30 min. The by nutrient deprivation-increased autophagocytosis was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy and uptake of the lysosomotropic weak base acridine orange within ...
Martin B L - - 1997
Calcineurin was activated at 30 degrees C by incubation with dipicolinic acid, a metal chelator, in the absence of activating, exogenous Mn2+. The activation reached a plateau after 90 min with 8- to 12-fold higher activity. Inclusion of the activating metal Mn2+ (1.0 mM) in the incubation mixture slightly lessened ...
Satoh K - - 1997
Five heavy metal antagonists were compared for their specificity of chelating action against copper (CuCl, CuCl2) and iron (FeCl2, FeCl3). ESR spectroscopy showed that both copper and iron significantly enhanced the radical intensity of ascorbate and sodium 5,6-benzylidene-L-ascorbate (SBA). Equimolar concentrations of dimercaprol efficiently chelated all these metals, thus significantly ...
Fan T W - - 1997
Root exudates in the rhizosphere are vital to the normal life cycle of plants. A key factor is phytometallophores, which function in the nutritional acquisition of iron and zinc and are likely to be important in the uptake of pollutant metals by plants. Unraveling the biochemistry of these compounds is ...
Vincenzetti S - - 1997
Cytidine deaminase, a tetrameric enzyme purified from human placenta, was shown to contain a single atom of tightly bound zinc per subunit by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry analysis. The metal appears to be involved in catalysis, as suggested by the inhibition exerted by 1,10-phenanthroline and dipicolinic acid. This ...
Collis C S - - 1997
The relationship between intake of iron with ascorbic acid and their uptake into the plasma and liver of guinea pigs was studied. The influence on the antioxidant/pro-oxidant balance of liver microsomes was also determined. Animals were fed a standard pelleted diet low in iron and ascorbic acid for 35 days. ...
Olivares M - - 1997
The chemical properties of ferrous bis-glycine chelate allow for its use as a fortificant in fluid, high fat vehicles. This chemical form may also protect iron from the inhibitory or enhancing effects of the diet on iron absorption. Alternatively, iron bis-glycine chelate may be absorbed by a mechanism independent of ...
Kazimierczak A - - 1997
The two first transition metal carbonyl isothiocyanates were prepared in high yield within two steps from photolysis of CpFe(CO)2I and 3- or 4-aminophthalimide in the presence of diisopropylamine followed by reaction with thiophosgene/triethylamine. Their reaction with a model amino acid, i.e. beta-alanine, was performed and led to the expected thioureas. ...
Almaas R - - 1997
Infant cereals and formulas are usually fortified with iron to prevent iron deficiency. To enhance iron bioavailability, supplemental ascorbic acid is recommended. Ascorbic acid is considered to be an antioxidant in vivo, but has pro-oxidant effects when exposed to non-protein-bound iron. We measured formation of free radicals in cereals and ...
Rule D C - - 1997
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate direct transesterification of fatty acids of tissue total lipids with boron-trifluoride in methanol. Adipose tissue, muscle, and liver samples obtained from market-weight lambs, were transesterified with 14% boron-trifluoride in methanol at 80 °C. Total lipids of additional samples were first solvent-extracted and ...
Satoh K - - 1997
Four antioxidants, sodium ascorbate, gallic acid, n-propyl gallate and caffeic acid, induced apoptotic cell death in human promyelocytic leukemic HL-60 cells. The effects of all these compounds were enhanced by CuCl2 or deferoxamine mesylate, an iron chelator, but were reduced by FeCl3. ESR spectroscopy showed that both CuCl2 and FeCl3 ...
Guard-Petter J - - 1997
Salmonella enterica grown on solid medium containing iron, thiosulfate and 100 mM hexoses and amino acids underwent cell surface differentiation involving increased flagellation (electrophoretic isotypes 60, 54 and 50 kDa), conversion from rough to smooth lipopolysaccharide, and assembly of a matrix that penetrated 1.4% agar. Flagellation was also induced in ...
Sevrioukova I - - 1997
Cytochrome P450BM-3, a catalytically self-sufficient fatty acid monooxygenase from Bacillus megaterium, is a multidomain protein containing heme, FAD, and FMN. Previous attempts to reconstitute the fatty acid monooxygenase activity of intact P450BM-3 utilizing equimolar concentrations of the separate heme (BMP) and reductase (BMR) domains, have been unsuccessful because two-electron reduced ...
Khalil-Rizvi S - - 1997
When Pseudomonas putida ATCC 39167 and plant-deleterious Pseudomonas fluorescens A225 were grown in an iron-deficient culture medium, they each produced two different novel yellow-green fluorescent pseudobactins: P39167-I, II and PA225-I, II. Pseudobactin P39167-I has a molecular formula of C46H65O23N13 and is monoanionic at neutral pH. P39167-II has the molecular formula ...
Glahn R P - - 1997
Human and animal studies have shown that amino acids and peptides influence iron absorption from the intestinal lumen. This study was conducted using Caco-2 cell monolayers as the experimental model to determine whether similar effects on iron absorption occur. Conditions were chosen to mimic the pH of the intestinal lumen ...
Davidsson L - - 1997
Iron bioavailability from an infant cereal made of wheat flour with a low extraction rate (70%) and cow milk was measured in infants by using a stable-isotope technique. A dephytinized infant cereal was prepared by adding commercial phytase during manufacture, resulting in degradation of 88% of the native phytic acid. ...
Landman O - - 1997
Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) is a non-heme ferrous iron dependent dioxygenase that catalyses the ring closure of delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipoyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) to isopenicillin N. We previously used site-directed mutagenesis to identify in the IPNS of Streptomyces jumonjinensis two histidines and one aspartic acid that are essential for activity. The recent crystal structure ...
Kishimoto K - - 1997
The physiological features of the mildiomycin production by Streptoverticillium rimofaciens were examined in iron-sufficient and -deficient media. Activities of NADP-linked glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and aspartate aminotransferase (AAT) were markedly enhanced by the addition of 10 micrograms/ml of ferrous ion into culture. Ammonium nitrogen assimilation increased with the increase in mildiomycin ...
De Loecker P - - 1997
In an attempt to quantitatively evaluate the destructive effects of free radicals on metabolism, freshly prepared and cryopreserved isolated rat hepatocytes were exposed to and incubated with Fe2+ compounds, reputedly inducing oxygen-derived free radicals (OFR) capable of attacking the lipid structures of cellular membranes. Malondialdehyde (MDA) formation was interpreted as ...
Tichelaar H Y - - 1997
Severe iron deficiency was introduced in rats by feeding outbred male Wistar rats a purified diet that was either adequate or deficient in iron. The rats were weighed regularly over 4 weeks to monitor body weight differences, after which blood was drawn from a subsample to determine the haemoglobin concentrations ...
Hassett D J - - 1997
We report the discovery of fumC, encoding a fumarase, upstream of the sodA gene, encoding manganese superoxide dismutase, in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The fumC open reading frame, which terminates 485 bp upstream of sodA, contains 1,374 bp that encode 458 amino acids. A second 444-bp open reading frame located between fumC ...
Maier R H - - 1997
Cisplatin (CDDP)-sensitive and -resistant human ovarian cells were studied in vitro with the objective of enhancing CDDP cytotoxicity by the addition of a metal and the chelate ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), to the CDDP. Chelateable elements, such as bismuth, calcium, cadmium, copper, iron, magnesium, selenium, vanadium, and zinc, when added to ...
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