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Grubb D G - - 2000
Batch equilibration experiments using a low calcium ( approximately 1 wt.% as CaO), acidic (pH approximately 4.5) Type F fly ash demonstrated phosphate immobilization on the order of 100% to 75% for 50 and 100 mg P/l solutions, respectively. A loosely compacted column of fly ash similarly removed 10 mg ...
Zijp I M - - 2000
Iron deficiency is a major world health problem, that is, to a great extent, caused by poor iron absorption from the diet. Several dietary factors can influence this absorption. Absorption enhancing factors are ascorbic acid and meat, fish and poultry; inhibiting factors are plant components in vegetables, tea and coffee ...
Musaiger A O - - 2000
Proximate, mineral, fatty acid and cholesterol composition of eight traditional sweets commonly consumed in the Arab Gulf countries were determined. Four sweets were obtained from Bahrain, whereas the other sweets were obtained from Oman. Protein level ranged from 0.2 to 9.0%, while the fat content ranged from 7.9 to 18.0%. ...
Urbano G - - 2000
This review describes the present state of knowledge about phytic acid (phytate), which is often present in legume seeds. The antinutritional effects of phytic acid primarily relate to the strong chelating associated with its six reactive phosphate groups. Its ability to complex with proteins and particularly with minerals has been ...
Chappell L L - - 2000
225Ac (t(1/2) = 10 days) is an alternative alpha-emitter that has been proposed for radioimmunotherapy (RIT) due to its many favorable properties, such as half-life and mode of decay. The factor limiting use of (225)Ac in RIT is the lack of an acceptably stable chelate for in vivo applications. Herein ...
Sobha G - - 2000
Camel kidney ferritin was isolated from a tissue homogenate by thermal denaturation, ammonium sulphate fractionation, Sephacryl S-300 gel filtration and DEAE-blue gel affinity chromatography. The yield and the iron and neutral carbohydrate contents were 0.012 mg/g wet tissue, 4.0% and 2.7%, respectively. The phosphate:iron ratio was 0.13, twofold lower than ...
Murakami T - - 2000
Nitrile hydratase from Rhodococcus sp. N-771 is an alphabeta heterodimer with a nonheme ferric iron in the catalytic center. In the catalytic center, alphaCys112 and alphaCys114 are modified to a cysteine sulfinic acid (Cys-SO2H) and a cysteine sulfenic acid (Cys-SOH), respectively. To understand the function and the biogenic mechanism of ...
Sista R V - - 2000
Catalysis by iron ascorbate and activated methemoglobin generated different oxidative responses in chicken muscle model systems. In iron ascorbate systems, large increases in hydroperoxides and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) occurred during the initial stage of incubation. Thereafter, iron ascorbate catalysis led to a slow increase in the oxidation of triacylglcyerol ...
Zhu B Z - - 2000
The production of hydroxyl radicals by tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ, a major metabolite of the widely used biocide pentachlorophenol) in the presence of H(2)O(2) was studied by salicylate hydroxylation method. HPLC with electrochemical detection was used to measure the levels of 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHBA) formed when the hydroxyl radicals react ...
Reddy M B - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Considerable data are available on the individual effects of dietary factors on nonheme-iron absorption, but their combined effect when they are present in the same meal is not known. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to predict the bioavailability of iron from complex meals that are consumed commonly in the United ...
Howard D H - - 2000
The zoopathogenic fungus Histoplasma capsulatum, like other eukaryotic aerobic microorganisms, requires iron for growth. Under conditions of low iron availability, the fungus secretes hydroxamates that function as siderophores (iron chelators). The experiments to be reported were designed to gather further information on the hydroxamate siderophores of H. capsulatum. The fungus ...
Muna Z A - - 2000
Reactive oxygen species are thought to induce cellular damage and to play a pathological role in several human diseases. Tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) was previously reported to prevent the oxidative modification of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles and to act as an antioxidant. In this study we present a new fatty acid ...
Rocha M E - - 2000
Accumulation of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) is an event characteristic of porphyrias that may contribute to their pathological manifestations. To investigate effects of ALA independent of porphyrin accumulation we treated rats with the methyl ester of succinylacetone, an inhibitor of 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase that accumulates in the porphyric-like syndrome hereditary tyrosinemia. ...
Sha S H - - 2000
We have recently suggested antioxidant therapy against aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss based on the hypothesis of a redox-active aminoglycoside-iron complex causing ototoxicity. The present study compares seven antioxidants and iron chelators for their ability to attenuate gentamicin-induced free radical generation in vitro and ototoxicity in guinea pig in vivo. Free radical ...
Motoya T - - 2000
The absorption of ciprofloxacin has been reported to be impaired by concomitant administration of ferrous sulphate. The effects of sodium ferrous citrate and ferric pyrophosphate, which have been used as extensively as ferrous sulphate, on the absorption of ciprofloxacin were compared with that of ferrous sulphate. The effects of ascorbic ...
Edwards K J - - 2000
A new species of Archaea grows at pH approximately 0.5 and approximately 40 degrees C in slime streamers and attached to pyrite surfaces at a sulfide ore body, Iron Mountain, California. This iron-oxidizing Archaeon is capable of growth at pH 0. This species represents a dominant prokaryote in the environment ...
Witte I - - 2000
Tetrachlorohydroquinone (TCHQ) has been identified as a major toxic metabolite of the widely used wood preservative pentachlorophenol and has also been implicated in its genotoxicity. We have recently demonstrated that protection by the trihydroxamate iron chelator desferrioxamine (DFO) on TCHQ-induced single-strand breaks in isolated DNA was not the result of ...
Pierre J L - - 2000
This paper briefly presents a review concerning the species which can arise when iron salts and citric acid are mixed together. The data commented on are required for a correct interpretation of the chemical processes which play a paramount role in biology and in the biological studies involving iron-citrate complexes.
Hördt W - - 2000
Cucumber, as a strategy I plant, and Maize as a strategy II plant, were cultivated in hydroponic culture in the presence of a ferrated siderophore mixture (1 microM) from a culture of Penicillium chrysogenum isolated from soil. The siderophore mixture significantly improved the iron status of these plants as measured ...
Ródenas J - - 2000
We studied the roles of nitrogen monoxide (NO&z.rad;) and peroxynitrite produced by the polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) isolated from an inflammatory exudate. PMNs were incubated either in a medium with a submicromolar concentration of iron or in a diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid (DTPA)-containing medium, and stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to generate ...
García-Casal M N - - 2000
A National fortification program instituted in Venezuela in 1993 reduced iron deficiency and anemia by half in only 1 y. The fortification mixture contained ferrous fumarate, vitamin A and other vitamins. We conducted experiments to characterize ferrous fumarate uptake by Caco-2 cells. Increasing amounts of ferrous fumarate, vitamin A, phytate, ...
Kitazawa M - - 1999
The generation of free radicals by ultraviolet (UV) light accelerates skin aging, which is known as photoaging. Cutaneous iron catalyzes the generation of free radicals. We designed novel antioxidants that suppressed the iron-catalyzed free radical generation and the ensuing UV-induced damage by mimicking the binding site of iron sequestering proteins. ...
Jacobsen C - - 1999
This research examines the effect of ascorbic acid (0-800 ppm) on the sensory perception of mayonnaises containing 16% fish oil and on the levels of iron and copper in the aqueous phase. Ascorbic acid increased the formation of fishy off-flavors in fresh mayonnaise. Simultaneously, the iron concentration increased from below ...
Sultan S M - - 1999
A sequential injection spectrophotometric method for the assay of bromazepam anxiolytic drug has been reported. The method is based on the complexation reaction of bromazepam with iron(II) in hydrochloric acid media and spectrophotometrically measuring the product at lambda(max)=585 nm. A comprehensive chemometrical optimization treatment was successfully utilized for determining the ...
Kilty I - - 1999
The lipoxygenases (LOs) are a family of nonheme iron dioxygenases that catalyse the insertion of molecular oxygen into polyunsaturated fatty acids. Five members of this gene family have been described in man, 5-LO, 12S-LO, 12R-LO, 15-LO and 15S-LO. Using partially purified recombinant 15S-LO enzyme and cells constitutively expressing this protein, ...
Ablin J - - 1999
Iron is pivotal is producing tissue-damaging reactive oxygen metabolites. Our aim is to determine the antiinflammatory activity of deferiprone, an oral iron chelator, in experimental colitis and gastritis. Colitis was induced by intraceccal administration of 2 ml 5% acetic acid or by intracolonic administration of 0.1 ml 3% iodoacetamide, with ...
Fujii H - - 1999
Nifedipine [3,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2, 6-dimethyl-4-(2-nitrophenyl)-dimethyl ester] is a calcium channel blocker that has been widely used as a prescription drug for patients with hypertension. After illumination by ordinary light for 24 hr, nifedipine is converted completely to its nitroso analog without further photochemical degradation. Evidence for stable, nitroxyl-like free radical ...
King G M - - 1999
In vitro assays of washed, excised roots revealed maximum potential ferric iron reduction rates of >100 micromol g (dry weight)(-1) day(-1) for three freshwater macrophytes and rates between 15 and 83 micromol (dry weight)(-1) day(-1) for two marine species. The rates varied with root morphology but not consistently (fine root ...
Nappi A J - - 1999
Tetrahydroisoquinolines (TIQs) are intraneuronal, catecholamine-derived alkaloids that have been implicated in the etiology of Parkinson's disease and in alcohol related disorders. The in vitro production of the cytotoxic hydroxyl radical (*OH) was recorded during the autoxidation of salsolinol (SAL) and salsolinol-1-carboxylic acid (SAL-1C), but not when these two catecholic TIQs ...
Howard J L - - 1999
Artificial sediments were made that contained variable amounts (up to 20% by weight) of feldspar, calcite, Fe-oxide or organic matter. Analysis of samples spiked with Pb and Zn in the presence and absence of nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) showed that 400 mg l(-1) of chelating agent greatly reduced or eliminated sorption ...
Báez-Vásquez M A - - 1999
Resting cells of Streptomyces clavuligerus NP-1, which possess deacetoxycephalosporin C synthase activity, have been shown previously to perform oxidative ring expansion of penicillin G in the presence of iron, ascorbic acid, and alpha-ketoglutaric acid to form deacetoxycephalosporin G. Further studies on this bioconversion indicated that use of MOPS or HEPES ...
Williams R J - - 1999
Aluminium chemistry has features in common with two other groups of elements: (1) divalent magnesium and calcium, and (2) trivalent chromium and iron. The essential differences between the first group and aluminium are explored and it is shown that the much higher acidity of aluminium makes it such a powerful ...
Dhanda J S - - 1999
The chemical composition of muscle and the fatty acid composition of adipose tissue from the carcasses obtained from 50 buck kids from five genotypes (10 kids/genotype), Boer x Angora (BA), Boer x Saanen (BS), Feral x Feral (FF), Saanen x Angora (SA) and Saanen x Feral (SF) reared for Capretto ...
Nestares T - - 1999
The effect of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) processing methods on the nutritive utilization of calcium and phosphorus and on phytic acid, a seed component that affects mineral utilization, was studied. Chemical and biological methods were used for nutritional determinations in growing rats. The digestive utilization of calcium from raw chickpea ...
Howard D H - - 1999
Iron is required by most living systems. A great variety of means of acquisition, avenues of uptake, and methods of storage are used by pathogenic fungi to ensure a supply of the essential metal. Solubilization of insoluble iron polymers is the first step in iron assimilation. The two methods most ...
Bergeron R J - - 1999
Additional structure-activity studies of desferrithiocin analogues are carried out. The effects of stereochemistry at C-4 on the ligands' iron clearing efficiency are reviewed and assessed using the enantiomers 4,5-dihydro-2-(2, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)thiazole-4(R)-carboxylic acid and 4,5-dihydro-2-(2, 4-dihydroxyphenyl)thiazole-4(S)-carboxylic acid. The utility of 4'-hydroxylation as a method of reducing the toxicity of desazadesferrithiocin analogues is ...
Wróbel K - - 1999
An in vitro gut model was used to investigate the bioavailability of calcium, magnesium, cadmium, chromium, iron, manganese, and lead in the Mexican (maize) tortilla. The samples (4 g) were digested in quartz tubes using concentrated nitric acid (12 mL) at 65 degrees C (2 h) and then at 120 ...
Valencia S - - 1999
The effect of different processing techniques was studied on in vitro iron availability and phytate hydrolysis in high and low saponin content quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, Willd) seeds. Water slurries of ungerminated and germinated quinoa flour were processed by cooking, soaking, and fermentation using Lactobacillus plantarum as starter. Iron solubility under ...
Hider R C - - 1999
Many iron(III)-selective chelators possess an appreciable affinity for zinc(II) and this can prove to be undesirable when such chelators are being assessed for clinical application. At present, there is no useful test available which can reliably access this problem. In the present manuscript, we provide evidence that indicates that a ...
Lefebvre D - - 1999
The mechanisms responsible for the resistance to the anabolic actions of IGF-I induced by zinc deficiency are not understood. We showed that zinc chelation by DTPA (diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid) inhibits [3H]thymidine incorporation stimulated by IGF-I in Rat-1 fibroblasts. This inhibition was specific of zinc chelation since it was prevented by the ...
de Azeredo V B - - 1999
The objective of this study was to analyze the chemical and nutritional composition of two flours obtained from food subproducts (multimixtures): MM1 based on rice bran and MM2 based on wheat bran. This was done by identifying their macronutrients and performing analyses to determine characteristics such as rancidity, alcohol-soluble acidity, ...
Cao J - - 1999
The reducing degradation kinetics of five azo dyes, Acid orange II, Acid orange IV, Acid orange GG, Acid red 3B and Orange I, by zero-valent iron powder in aqueous solution were studied. It showed that the degradation is a two-step reaction, with the first step being reversible. Solution acidity and ...
de Lauzon S - - 1999
The temperature and pH dependence as well as the selectivity of the peroxidase activity of a complex associating a monoclonal antibody 13G10 with its iron(III)-alpha,alpha,alpha,beta-mesotetrakis(ortho-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (Fe(ToCPP)) hapten have been studied and compared to those of Fe(ToCPP) alone. It first appears that the peroxidase activity of the 13G10-Fe(ToCPP) complex is ...
Foster J W - - 1999
Enteric micro-organisms have developed several inducible mechanisms for surviving transient periods of extreme acid stress. Salmonella typhimurium possesses an acid tolerance response (ATR) induced in minimal medium by short exposures to mild acid stress. More than 50 acid shock proteins (ASPs) are induced during adaptation. Eight ASPs are regulated by ...
Summers D P - - 1999
An analysis of sources and sinks for ammonia and nitrite on the early Earth was conducted. Rates of formation and destruction, and steady state concentrations of both species were determined by steady state kinetics. The importance of the reaction of nitrite with ammonia on the feasibility of ammonia formation from ...
Yang A - - 1999
Subcutaneous and intermuscular fat samples were collected from carcases of four major breeds of steers in Japan: Wagyu, Wagyu × Angus, Dairy and Murray Grey. For comparison, we also collected subcutaneous fat samples from carcases of long-term grain-fed (350-455 days) Angus, Jersey and Angus × Hereford steers, and short-term grain-fed ...
Archana - - 1999
This work was undertaken to evaluate the changes in polyphenol and phytic acid content in malted and blanched pearl millet grains. For malting, grains were steeped for 16 hours, germinated for 48 or 72 hours and then kilned at 50 degrees C for 24 hours. Blanching was done for 30 ...
Duhan A - - 1999
Manak, the high yielding cultivator of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) released by (International Crop Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics) ICRISAT, India was subjected to various domestic processing and cooking methods viz., soaking (6, 12 and 18 h, 30 degrees C), soaking and dehulling, ordinary cooking, pressure cooking and germination (24, ...
Gendron R - - 1999
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are capable of cleaving almost all macromolecules of the extracellular connective tissue matrix and are thought to play a major role in tissue destructive inflammatory diseases such as periodontitis. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of siderophores, which are iron-chelating molecules produced by ...
Davenel A - - 1999
The dependence of solid fat content at 20°C of adipose tissues on their fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions was studied on lipids extracted from tissues from 166 pigs. The solid fat content (SFC20) was 20% on average but varied widely (9-35%). The SFC20 variability was closely related to the proportions ...
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