Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1193
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Yadav S K - - 2002
Spinach (Spinacia oleracia) and amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) leaves were stored in polyethylene bags and without packing for 24 and 48 hours in a refrigerator at 5 degrees C and 30 degrees C in polyethylene bags. The fresh leaves were also dried (oven and sun), blanched (5, 10 and 15 min) ...
Marklová Eliska - - 2002
In addition to the main groups of inherited metabolic diseases, including mitochondrial, peroxisomal and lysosomal defects, organic acidurias, porphyrias, defects of amino acids, saccharides and fatty acids metabolism, disorders of transport and utilisation of microelements have also been recognized. Recent findings concerning hereditary hemochromatosis (iron), Wilson and Menkes diseases (copper), ...
Duhan A - - 2002
UPAS-120, a high yielding and early maturing variety of pigeon peas released by the Department of Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar contained a significant amount of phytic acid, i.e. 886 mg/100 g. When it was subjected to various domestic processing and cooking methods viz. soaking (6, 12, 18 ...
Hilp M - - 2002
PH. EUR. 2002 uses elemental bromine performing iron limit tests for maleic acid (iron 5 ppm) and titanium dioxide (iron 200 ppm). 1,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (DBH) can replace bromine water. For the iron limit test of maleic acid bivalent iron is oxidized to trivalent iron by bromine resp. DBH, because the unsaturated, ...
Pérez-Llamas F - - 2001
The apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of amino acids and the balance of minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron) has been determined in rats fed four diets differing in the protein type (casein or soy protein) and iron source (ferrous sulphate or lactate) in order to study the possible interactions of ...
Timmerman M M MM Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, - - 2001
The mammalian host specifically limits iron during Histoplasma capsulatum infection, and fungal acquisition of iron is essential for productive infection. H. capsulatum expresses several iron acquisition mechanisms under iron-limited conditions in vitro. These components include hydroxamate siderophores, extracellular glutathione-dependent ferric reductase enzyme, extracellular nonproteinaceous ferric reductant(s), and cell surface ferric ...
Skrzypczak-Jankun E - - 2001
Polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism is governed primarily by two enzymes, prostaglandin H synthase and lipoxygenase. The crystal structure of the metastable product-oxidized purple form of soybean lipoxygenase-3 was determined at 2.0 A resolution. The data reveal that the chromophore corresponds to an iron-peroxide complex, a potential intermediate in the catalyzed ...
Midorikawa K - - 2001
Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphate) is one of the most promising cancer chemopreventive agents. We investigated the mechanism by which phytic acid expresses preventive action to cancer. Phytic acid inhibited the formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine in cultured cells treated with an H2O2-generating system, although it did not scavenge H2O2. Site-specific DNA damage ...
Johnson S - - 2001
Iron can react with citric acid, interfering with the Krebs cycle, hence with oxidative phosphorylation. Free iron (Fe) can cause considerable oxidative damage both through Fenton reactions and by activating xanthine oxidase, which produces both superoxide (O(2-)) and uric acid (abundant in many cancers). It can also react with lactic ...
Heckemann H J - - 2001
The effect of reductants, complexants, and nitrite eliminators on the flow-analysis determination of weak-acid-dissociable and total cyanide has been studied for: 1. cyanide recovery from copper, nickel, and iron complexes; 2. cyanide generation from the reagents in the presence of common interferents; and 3. cyanide consumption by the reagents in ...
Marquet A - - 2001
Mobilization of the sulfur of cysteine as persulfide is the first step of sulfur transfer into thiamin, molydopterin, 4-thiouridine, biotin and lipoic acid, but then the pathways diverge completely. For the first three compounds, one or several proteinic persulfides are involved, ending in the nucleophilic attack of a sulfur, persulfide, ...
Raboy V - - 2001
myo-Inositol(1,2,3,4,5,6)hexakisphosphate (InsP(6) or 'phytic acid') was first known as the storage form of phosphorus in seeds. Seed-derived dietary InsP(6) can contribute to iron and zinc deficiency in human populations. Excretion of 'phytic acid phosphorus' by non-ruminants such as poultry, swine and fish can contribute to water pollution. Sustainable solutions to ...
Dacaranhe C D - - 2001
The relationship between the antioxidant effect of acidic phospholipids, phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylserine (PS), on iron-induced lipid peroxidation of phospholipid bilayers and their abilities to bind iron ion was examined in egg yolk phosphatidylcholine large unilamellar vesicles (EYPC LUV). The effect of each acidic phospholipid added to ...
Green E S - - 2001
Phytic acid is abundant in the fruits and seeds of many plants and is found in foliage to a lesser extent. Among its several properties, phytic acid is a potent chelator of essential minerals and proteins; thus, the possibility exists that heme-based enzymes such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in herbivores ...
Oberegger H - - 2001
Under conditions of low iron availability, most fungi excrete siderophores in order to mobilize extracellular iron. We show that lack of the GATA-type transcription factor SREA in Aspergillus nidulans not only leads to derepression of siderophore biosynthesis but also to deregulation of siderophore-bound iron uptake and ornithine esterase expression. Furthermore, ...
Goldberg W M - - 2001
Like many corals the skeletal organic matrix and associated epithelium of Mycetophyllia reesi is physico-chemically unstable to preparative procedures for electron microscopy. Ethanol cryofracture of mineralized and demineralized material is accompanied by delamination of tissue and skeleton. Filamentous algae occur in the interface and account for some but not all ...
Bonnet D - - 2001
There is growing evidence in the literature emphasizing the significance of the post-translational modification of cysteine thiols to sulfenic acids (SOH), which have been found in a number of proteins. Crystallographic and mass spectrometric evidence has shown the presence of this group in an inactive form of the industrially important ...
Jacobsen C - - 2001
The effect of ascorbic acid (0-4000 ppm) and pH (3.8-6.2) on oxidation and levels of iron and copper in various fractions of mayonnaise enriched with 16% fish oil was investigated. Ascorbic acid induced release of iron from the assumed oil-water interface into the aqueous phase at all pH levels, but ...
Ahmed F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency and affects >2 billion persons worldwide, leading to anemia in >40% of women of reproductive age in the developing world. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether weekly supplementation with iron and folate would reduce the frequency of anemia in teenage ...
Lindqvist C - - 2001
Phosphonoformic acid (foscarnet) is an antiviral agent that is used to treat severe cytomegalovirus infections in AIDS patients. We demonstrate by using the ferrous iron indicator Ferrozine and ascorbic acid (vitamin C) that foscarnet can chelate ferric iron and form a redox-active iron complex. By using the hydroxyl radical indicator ...
Fujita Y - - 2001
A simple and highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of ascorbic acid (AA) was established by using iron(III) and p-carboxyphenylfluorone (PCPF) in a cationic surfactant micellar medium. The apparent molar absorptivity of the proposed method, which does not require an extraction procedure, was 2.05 x 10(6) dm3 mol-1 cm-1 ...
Raghuvanshi R S - - 2001
Uncommon fruits and vegetables, namely leaves of Bauhenia purpurea Linn., Chenopodium album Linn., Fagopyrum esculentum Moench., and Gleichenia linearis and green and ripe fruits of Ficus roxburghi were analysed for their proximate composition, minerals and vitamin content, in vitro bioavailability of mineral, in vitro protein digestibility and two anti-nutrients, i.e. ...
Scheeder M R - - 2001
The effect of fatty acid composition on the properties of patties standardised to contain 15% fat was studied. Patties were made of beef from 36 Brown Swiss bulls fed on six different diets with five of them containing additional fats to achieve a high variability in body lipid composition. When ...
López-Millán A F - - 2001
Experiments have been carried out with field-grown pear trees to investigate the effect of iron chlorosis on the composition of the leaf apoplast. Iron deficiency was associated with an increase in the leaf apoplastic pH from the control values of 5.5-5.9 to 6.5-6.6, as judged from direct pH measurements in ...
Ripoche A - - 2001
The fatty acid composition of pork fat determines its processing quality. FTIR spectroscopic methods were evaluated on pork back and breast fat, directly on fat slices and on the fat extracts. Near infrared transmission and middle infrared using an ATR method were developed to determine the fatty acid content in ...
Green A J - - 2001
The bioI gene has been sub-cloned and over-expressed in Escherichia coli, and the protein purified to homogeneity. The protein is a cytochrome P450, as indicated by its visible spectrum (low-spin haem iron Soret band at 419 nm) and by the characteristic carbon monoxide-induced shift of the Soret band to 448 ...
Hammarberg T - - 2001
Lipoxygenases are a group of non-heme iron dioxygenases which catalyze the formation of lipid hydroperoxides from unsaturated fatty acids. 5-Lipoxygenase (5LO) is of particular interest for formation of leukotrienes and lipoxins, implicated in inflammatory processes. In this study, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to investigate the active site ...
Timón M L - - 2001
The fatty acid composition of the triacylglycerols and free fatty acids of subcutaneous (internal and superficial layers) and intermuscular fat and the contribution of these fatty acids to the formation of volatile compounds were determined in dry-cured Iberian ham. The profile of the fatty acids and volatile compounds showed that ...
Wenming D - - 2001
The sorption and desorption of Eu(III) as a representative of trivalent lanthanides and actinides on bentonite, alumina, red earth and red earth treated to remove free iron oxides were comparatively investigated by using batch technique and radiotracer 152 + 154Eu. The effects of pH, ionic strength, fulvic acid, iron oxides ...
Wauters T - - 2001
Tannic acid inhibited the growth of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Growth medium supplementation with more nitrogen or metal ions showed that only iron ions could restore the maximal growth rate of S. cerevisiae. Tannic acid resistant mutants were previously isolated by screening for tannic acid resistance and were all cytoplasmic ...
Chen X L - - 2001
A new red-region fluorogenic substrate, tetra-substituted amino aluminium pthalocyanine, was developed for the selective determination of H2O2 based on the catalytic effect of mimetic peroxidases, viz., hemin or iron tetrasulfonatophthalocyanine (FeTSPc). Under the optimum conditions, the linearity of the calibration graph for the determination of H2O2 with hemin (or FeTSPc) ...
Chen Y K - - 2001
In dopaminergic neurons, free radicals are likely produced via dopamine metabolism by monoamine oxidase or via its auto-oxidation, a process facilitated by transition metals. In this study we examined the effect and possible mechanisms of apomorphine to reduce iron- and dopamine-induced 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2,3-DHBA) formation by microdialysis. We have shown ...
Wakeling L T - - 2001
Pecans from the cultivars Wichita and Western Schley [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K. Koch] collected over three years were analyzed for the following constituents: total lipid content; fatty acid profiles; sucrose content; protein; total dietary fiber; the minerals magnesium, calcium, potassium, sulfur, phosphorus, boron, copper, iron, manganese, sodium, zinc, and aluminum; ...
Ashmead H D - - 2001
This paper summarizes several studies which describe significant increases in the intestinal absorption of iron from iron amino acid chelate compared to inorganic iron salts. While these increased uptakes of iron from the amino acid chelate into mucosal tissue are highly significant, this paper also demonstrates that there is a ...
Fairweather-Tait S J - - 2001
Sodium iron ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (NaFeEDTA) has been recommended for food fortification programmes to improve iron status but its performance in commercial products has not been evaluated. The effect of EDTA on iron absorption from fortified cornflakes, given as part of a typical Western breakfast, was determined in a double-blind randomised ...
García-Casal M N - - 2001
The effect of a pH change from 2 to 6 was tested on the solubility of ferrous sulfate, ferrous fumarate, iron bis-glycine chelate (Ferrochel) and sodium-iron ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (NaFeEDTA). It was found that at pH 2 ferrous sulfate, Ferrochel and NaFeEDTA were completely soluble and only 75% of iron from ...
Jood S - - 2001
Three hull less and nine hulled barley cultivars were grown during 1995-96 at Research Farm, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India and were used for chemical analysis such as nutritional and antinutritional parameters. Dolma, a hull less barley cultivar had higher contents of protein, fat, starch, in vitro digestibility of ...
Chakrabarti S K - - 2001
Isolated rat lymphocytes in salts-glucose medium (pH 7.2) were incubated with nickel chloride, nickel acetate, nickel sulfate, and a soluble form of nickel subsulfide (0-2 mM) at 37 degrees C for 2 h. The soluble form of nickel subsulfide induced a significant increase in DNA-protein crosslinks (DPXLs) (111%) beginning at ...
Abdel-Kader Z M - - 2001
Decorticated cracked broadbeans flour (DCBF) was used to replace 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% of the wheat flour (WF) in the Egyptian 'Balady' bread. The nutrient composition of DCBF, WF, wheat bread, and DCBF-fortified bread was studied. When DCBF fortification was increased from 0 to 20%, there was an increase ...
Davidsson L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Iron-fortified school breakfasts have been introduced in Peru to combat childhood iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether iron absorption from a school breakfast meal was improved by increasing the ascorbic acid content or by adding an alternative enhancer of iron absorption, Na2EDTA. DESIGN: In a crossover design, iron absorption ...
Mitani H - - 2001
Kojic acid, a fungal metabolic product, has been used as a skin-depigmenting agent in skin care products marketed in Japan. Iron in the skin is known to be involved in wrinkling as a result of chronic photodamage. Kojic acid was expected to have anti-wrinkling activity, since it possesses iron-chelating activity. ...
Ferreira S L - - 2001
A procedure is proposed for the separation and determination of molybdenum in iron matrices by a batch process. It is based on the solid-phase extraction of the molybdenum(V) ion as thiocyanate complex on polyurethane (PU) foam. The extraction parameters were optimized. Using 0.20 mol L-1 hydrochloric acid, a thiocyanate concentration ...
Singh G - - 2001
Six green leafy vegetables and herbs - spinach, amaranth, bengal gram, cauliflower, mint, coriander and carrots - were analyzed for moisture, protein, ascorbic acid, beta-carotene, total iron, ionizable iron (as % of total iron) in vitro iron (% of total iron), copper, manganese and zinc. Moisture content of the leaves ...
Tarng D C - - 2001
Provision of sufficient available iron is a prerequisite to ensure the optimal response to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo). Functional iron deficiency (a state when iron supply is reduced to meet the demands for increased erythropoiesis) is the common cause of rHuEpo hyporesponsiveness in dialysis patients who have normal iron status, ...
Dombek T - - 2001
The dechlorination of atrazine (2-chloro-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine) via reaction with metallic iron under low-oxygen conditions was studied using reaction mixture pH values of 2.0, 3.0, and 3.8. The pH control was achieved through addition of sulfuric acid throughout the duration of the reaction. The lower the pH of the reaction mixture, the ...
Piedrafita J - - 2001
The objective of this study was to investigate differences in adipose tissue fatty acid composition among stress genotypes as well as to determine relationships of those fatty acids with performance, carcass and meat quality traits. Haplotypic analysis of parents and offspring was employed to assign 48 pigs to three stress ...
Brenner F J - - 2001
Constructed wetlands have been used for over two decades for the treatment of acid mine drainage (AMD). Through a variety of physical, chemical, biological processes, these wetlands are effective in reducing acidity and removing up to 99% of iron and aluminium from AMD, but they only remove 20-30% of the ...
Feilberg A - - 2001
Many types of organic aerosol material have been found to behave as viscous liquids. In the current work, photodegradation of selected nitrated polycyclic aromatic compounds, 1-nitropyrene and 3-nitrofluoranthene, in viscous organic phases used as model systems for organic aerosols has been investigated. Experiments have been conducted in the presence and ...
Stolt M - - 2001
Five different iron monocarboxylates were used as catalysts in the two-step preparation route of lactic acid based poly(ester-urethane)s (PEU). In the first step, a hydroxyl-terminated poly(lactic acid) prepolymer was prepared, which in the second step was linked with 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate. The resulting polymers were characterized by titration, size exclusion chromatography, ...
Mos L - - 2001
There are indications that toxic algal blooms are increasing because of pollution of coastal waters and worldwide shipping. This mini-review deals with the marine biotoxin domoic acid, also known as amnesic shellfish poison, and its main producing pennate diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae). Besides contamination of seafood, these organisms have also ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >