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Buss J L - - 2002
Pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) analogues are effective iron chelators in vivo and in vitro, and may be of value for the treatment of secondary iron overload. The sensitivity of Jurkat cells to Fe-chelator complexes was enhanced several-fold by the depletion of the antioxidant glutathione, indicating the role of oxidative stress ...
Ahmad Sarfaraz - - 2002
Both dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)) and dimethylarsinous acid (DMA(III)) release iron from human liver ferritin (HLF) with or without the presence of ascorbic acid. With ascorbic acid the rate of iron release from HLF by DMA(V) was intermediate (3.37 nM/min, P<0.05) and by DMA(III) was much higher (16.3 nM/min, P<0.001). No ...
Heinisch Lothar - - 2002
New acylated bis-catecholates and 1,3-benzoxazine-2,4-dione derivatives based on secondary diamino acids (N-(aminoalkyl)glycines, N-aminopropyl-alanine, and N-aminopropyl-4-aminovaleric acid), on N-(aminoalkyl)aminomethyl benzoic acids, on N-(aminoalkyl)aminomethyl phenoxyacetic acids, or on 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid were synthesized as artificial siderophores. The corresponding diamino acids were obtained from the diamines and oxocarboxylic acids by catalytic hydrogenation. The acylated ...
Zhao Qing-Hui - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in glycyrrhizic acid contents of Gegenqinlian decoctions (a traditional Chinese herbal preparation) prepared according to varied prescription, so as to establish a referential standard for controlling the acid level in such preparations. METHODS: Reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was employed to determine the content ...
Finogenova T V - - 2002
The effect of ethanol, zinc, and iron (Fe(2+) and Fe(3+)) concentration and of oxygen supply on cell growth and the production of citric acid (CA) and isocitric acid (ICA) from ethanol by mutant Yarrowia lipolytica N 1 was studied under continuous cultivation. The following peculiarities of Y. lipolytica metabolism were ...
Tremain Scott M - - 2002
To test the effect of protein conformation on reactivity, we use laser flash photolysis to compare the electron-transfer properties of the triplet state of zinc-substituted cytochrome c, designated (3)Zncyt, in the folded forms at low (F(low)) and high (F(high)) ionic strength, molten-globule (MG) form, and the forms unfolded by acid ...
Courtois Frédéric - - 2002
We showed recently that iron + ascorbate can impair the assembly of intestinal lipoproteins. However, we could not determine whether these changes were caused by iron + ascorbate-mediated lipid peroxidation per se. We therefore conducted studies to evaluate how antioxidants antagonize the iron + ascorbate-induced derangements. To this end, Caco-2 ...
Lucca Paola - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency is estimated to affect about 30% of the world population. Iron supplementation in the form of tablets and food fortification has not been successful in developing countries, and iron deficiency is still the most important deficiency related to malnutrition. Here we present experiments that aim to increase ...
Cheng Wen Po - - 2002
Fluorescence quenching is commonly used to study the extent of metal binding to humic acid or fulvic acid. By studying this phenomenon, the hydrolysis and precipitation behaviors of polymeric and monomeric iron coagulants in the coagulation of humic acid were evaluated. Combined measurements of fluorescence intensity and dissolved organic carbon ...
Hynes Michael J - - 2002
Ferritin is the main intracellular iron storage protein. The release of iron from ferritin in the presence of a number of phenolic based compounds of nutritional significance was studied at physiological pH. The release of iron was measured by monitoring the formation of the iron(II)-ferrozine complex. The kinetics of this ...
Guo Hongyan - - 2002
Several iron chelators containing alpha,beta-unsaturated hydroxamic acid motifs appended to a citric acid platform were synthesized. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis was then challenged to grow in the presence of a panel of siderophores (mycobactin J, deferrioxamine B, acinetoferrin, and nannochelin A) and the new synthetic agents. Of the structures tested, those containing ...
Mbithi-Mwikya Stephen - - 2002
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana), kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), peanuts (Arachis hypogoea), and mango (Mangifera indica) were processed separately and then combined, on the basis of their amino acid scores and energy content, into a complementary food for children of weaning age. The finger millet and kidney beans were processed by ...
Dodge Cleveland J - - 2002
The mechanisms of photodegradation of binary iron- and uranium-citrate and ternary iron-uranium-citrate complexes were elucidated. Citric acid degradation products were identified by HPLC and GC, and the metal precipitates were identified by XRD and EXAFS. Photodegradation of a binuclear iron-citrate complex occurred as a result of two one-electron oxidations of ...
Delgado G L - - 2002
The study was designed to compare the fatty acid profiles and triglyceride composition of subcutaneous and intramuscular fat of raw and cured hams from Hairless Mexican Pigs. Curing (180 days) was developed throughout several ordered steps: salting, stabilization, drying and ripening. For the salting step, hams were rubbed with nitrate ...
Law John H - - 2002
Konrad Bloch developed an interest in insects because they are unable to make sterols, and in yeast because these cells need oxygen to make sterols and unsaturated fatty acids. Insects, like all other organisms, must deal with the toxic effects of oxygen in the presence of iron, which itself is ...
Lambrecht Richard W - - 2002
A 52-year-old man presented to his primary care physician with blisters and sores on the backs of his hands. Laboratory studies supported a diagnosis of porphyria cutanea tarda, complicated by the presence of both the C282Y and H63D mutations in the HFE gene, with susequent iron over-load. This case illustrates ...
Lin D J - - 2002
The present work is a study of a series of Ti-7.5Mo-xFe alloys, with the focus on the effect of iron addition on the structure and mechanical properties of the alloys. Experimental results indicate that alpha" phase-dominated binary Ti-7.5Mo alloy exhibited a fine, acicular martensitic structure. When 1 wt% or more ...
Lee Dong Sun - - 2002
Cytochrome P450 isolated from Bacillus subtilis (P450BSbeta; MW 48 kDa) catalyzes the hydroxylation of long-chain fatty acids at the alpha and beta positions using H(2)O(2) as an oxidant. Crystals of the substrate-free form of P450BSbeta belonging to the trigonal space group P3(2)21 or P3(1)21 were obtained by the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion ...
Runkel Robert L - - 2002
A reactive transport model based on one-dimensional transport and equilibrium chemistry is applied to synoptic data from an acid mine drainage stream. Model inputs include streamflow estimates based on tracer dilution, inflow chemistry based on synoptic sampling, and equilibrium constants describing acid/base, complexation, precipitation/dissolution, and sorption reactions. The dominant features ...
Orino Koichi - - 2002
Iron incorporation by bovine spleen apoferritin either with ferrous ammonium sulfate in different buffers or with ferrous ammonium sulfate and phosphate was studied. Iron uptake and iron autoxidation were recorded spectrophotomerically. The buffers [4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethanesulphonic acid (Hepes) and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminoethane (Tris) exhibited pH-dependent iron autoxidation, with Tris showing less iron autoxidation than ...
Napolitano F - - 2002
Twenty male Comisana lambs were equally divided into two groups. Ten subjects were artificially reared, 10 others were ewe reared and used as control. Unseparated control animals displayed increased cellular immune response to a percutaneous injection of phytohemagglutinin (P<0.001). During the open field test, ewe-reared lambs showed a higher number ...
Raboy Victor - - 2002
Populations that depend on grains and legumes as staple foods consume diets rich in phytic acid (myo-inositol-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexkisphosphate), the storage form of phosphorus in seeds. This compound binds tightly to important mineral nutrients such as iron and zinc, forming salts that are largely excreted. This phenomenon can contribute to mineral depletion ...
Sandström Magnus - - 2002
The seventeenth-century Swedish warship, Vasa, was recovered in good condition after 333 years in the cold brackish water of Stockholm harbour. After extensive treatment to stabilize and dry the ship's timbers, the ship has been on display in the Vasa Museum since 1990. However, high acidity and a rapid spread ...
Kasvosve Ishmael - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transferrin is the major iron binding protein in human plasma. In black persons, the transferrin CD phenotype has been associated with alterations in certain markers of iron status. OBJECTIVE: We studied vitamin C status in a Zimbabwean population according to transferrin phenotype because vitamin C metabolism is influenced by ...
Alvarez-Fernández Ana - - 2002
Iron chelates derived from ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDHA), ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxy-p-methylphenylacetic) acid (EDDHMA), ethylenediaminedi(2-hydroxy-5-sulfophenylacetic) acid (EDDHSA), and ethylenediaminedi(5-carboxy-2-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDCHA) are remarkably efficient in correcting iron chlorosis in plants growing in alkaline soils. This work reports the determination of impurities in commercial samples of fertilizers containing EDDHMA/Fe(3+), EDDHSA/Fe(3+), and EDDCHA/Fe(3+). The active components ...
Glahn Raymond P - - 2002
The objective of this study was to document the effects of phytic acid, tannic acid, and zinc on iron uptake in an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell culture model. The effects of phytic acid and tannic acid on iron uptake were measured at increasing molar ratios of FeCl3 to phytic acid ...
Yadav S K - - 2002
Spinach (Spinacia oleracia) and amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) leaves were stored in polyethylene bags and without packing for 24 and 48 hours in a refrigerator at 5 degrees C and 30 degrees C in polyethylene bags. The fresh leaves were also dried (oven and sun), blanched (5, 10 and 15 min) ...
Marklová Eliska - - 2002
In addition to the main groups of inherited metabolic diseases, including mitochondrial, peroxisomal and lysosomal defects, organic acidurias, porphyrias, defects of amino acids, saccharides and fatty acids metabolism, disorders of transport and utilisation of microelements have also been recognized. Recent findings concerning hereditary hemochromatosis (iron), Wilson and Menkes diseases (copper), ...
Duhan A - - 2002
UPAS-120, a high yielding and early maturing variety of pigeon peas released by the Department of Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar contained a significant amount of phytic acid, i.e. 886 mg/100 g. When it was subjected to various domestic processing and cooking methods viz. soaking (6, 12, 18 ...
Hilp M - - 2002
PH. EUR. 2002 uses elemental bromine performing iron limit tests for maleic acid (iron 5 ppm) and titanium dioxide (iron 200 ppm). 1,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (DBH) can replace bromine water. For the iron limit test of maleic acid bivalent iron is oxidized to trivalent iron by bromine resp. DBH, because the unsaturated, ...
Pérez-Llamas F - - 2001
The apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of amino acids and the balance of minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron) has been determined in rats fed four diets differing in the protein type (casein or soy protein) and iron source (ferrous sulphate or lactate) in order to study the possible interactions of ...
Timmerman M M - - 2001
The mammalian host specifically limits iron during Histoplasma capsulatum infection, and fungal acquisition of iron is essential for productive infection. H. capsulatum expresses several iron acquisition mechanisms under iron-limited conditions in vitro. These components include hydroxamate siderophores, extracellular glutathione-dependent ferric reductase enzyme, extracellular nonproteinaceous ferric reductant(s), and cell surface ferric ...
Skrzypczak-Jankun E - - 2001
Polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism is governed primarily by two enzymes, prostaglandin H synthase and lipoxygenase. The crystal structure of the metastable product-oxidized purple form of soybean lipoxygenase-3 was determined at 2.0 A resolution. The data reveal that the chromophore corresponds to an iron-peroxide complex, a potential intermediate in the catalyzed ...
Midorikawa K - - 2001
Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphate) is one of the most promising cancer chemopreventive agents. We investigated the mechanism by which phytic acid expresses preventive action to cancer. Phytic acid inhibited the formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine in cultured cells treated with an H2O2-generating system, although it did not scavenge H2O2. Site-specific DNA damage ...
Johnson S - - 2001
Iron can react with citric acid, interfering with the Krebs cycle, hence with oxidative phosphorylation. Free iron (Fe) can cause considerable oxidative damage both through Fenton reactions and by activating xanthine oxidase, which produces both superoxide (O(2-)) and uric acid (abundant in many cancers). It can also react with lactic ...
Heckemann H J - - 2001
The effect of reductants, complexants, and nitrite eliminators on the flow-analysis determination of weak-acid-dissociable and total cyanide has been studied for: 1. cyanide recovery from copper, nickel, and iron complexes; 2. cyanide generation from the reagents in the presence of common interferents; and 3. cyanide consumption by the reagents in ...
Marquet A - - 2001
Mobilization of the sulfur of cysteine as persulfide is the first step of sulfur transfer into thiamin, molydopterin, 4-thiouridine, biotin and lipoic acid, but then the pathways diverge completely. For the first three compounds, one or several proteinic persulfides are involved, ending in the nucleophilic attack of a sulfur, persulfide, ...
Raboy V - - 2001
myo-Inositol(1,2,3,4,5,6)hexakisphosphate (InsP(6) or 'phytic acid') was first known as the storage form of phosphorus in seeds. Seed-derived dietary InsP(6) can contribute to iron and zinc deficiency in human populations. Excretion of 'phytic acid phosphorus' by non-ruminants such as poultry, swine and fish can contribute to water pollution. Sustainable solutions to ...
Dacaranhe C D - - 2001
The relationship between the antioxidant effect of acidic phospholipids, phosphatidic acid (PA), phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylserine (PS), on iron-induced lipid peroxidation of phospholipid bilayers and their abilities to bind iron ion was examined in egg yolk phosphatidylcholine large unilamellar vesicles (EYPC LUV). The effect of each acidic phospholipid added to ...
Green E S - - 2001
Phytic acid is abundant in the fruits and seeds of many plants and is found in foliage to a lesser extent. Among its several properties, phytic acid is a potent chelator of essential minerals and proteins; thus, the possibility exists that heme-based enzymes such as cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in herbivores ...
Oberegger H - - 2001
Under conditions of low iron availability, most fungi excrete siderophores in order to mobilize extracellular iron. We show that lack of the GATA-type transcription factor SREA in Aspergillus nidulans not only leads to derepression of siderophore biosynthesis but also to deregulation of siderophore-bound iron uptake and ornithine esterase expression. Furthermore, ...
Goldberg W M - - 2001
Like many corals the skeletal organic matrix and associated epithelium of Mycetophyllia reesi is physico-chemically unstable to preparative procedures for electron microscopy. Ethanol cryofracture of mineralized and demineralized material is accompanied by delamination of tissue and skeleton. Filamentous algae occur in the interface and account for some but not all ...
Bonnet D - - 2001
There is growing evidence in the literature emphasizing the significance of the post-translational modification of cysteine thiols to sulfenic acids (SOH), which have been found in a number of proteins. Crystallographic and mass spectrometric evidence has shown the presence of this group in an inactive form of the industrially important ...
Jacobsen C - - 2001
The effect of ascorbic acid (0-4000 ppm) and pH (3.8-6.2) on oxidation and levels of iron and copper in various fractions of mayonnaise enriched with 16% fish oil was investigated. Ascorbic acid induced release of iron from the assumed oil-water interface into the aqueous phase at all pH levels, but ...
Ahmed F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency and affects >2 billion persons worldwide, leading to anemia in >40% of women of reproductive age in the developing world. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether weekly supplementation with iron and folate would reduce the frequency of anemia in teenage ...
Lindqvist C - - 2001
Phosphonoformic acid (foscarnet) is an antiviral agent that is used to treat severe cytomegalovirus infections in AIDS patients. We demonstrate by using the ferrous iron indicator Ferrozine and ascorbic acid (vitamin C) that foscarnet can chelate ferric iron and form a redox-active iron complex. By using the hydroxyl radical indicator ...
Fujita Y - - 2001
A simple and highly sensitive spectrophotometric method for the determination of ascorbic acid (AA) was established by using iron(III) and p-carboxyphenylfluorone (PCPF) in a cationic surfactant micellar medium. The apparent molar absorptivity of the proposed method, which does not require an extraction procedure, was 2.05 x 10(6) dm3 mol-1 cm-1 ...
Raghuvanshi R S - - 2001
Uncommon fruits and vegetables, namely leaves of Bauhenia purpurea Linn., Chenopodium album Linn., Fagopyrum esculentum Moench., and Gleichenia linearis and green and ripe fruits of Ficus roxburghi were analysed for their proximate composition, minerals and vitamin content, in vitro bioavailability of mineral, in vitro protein digestibility and two anti-nutrients, i.e. ...
Scheeder M R - - 2001
The effect of fatty acid composition on the properties of patties standardised to contain 15% fat was studied. Patties were made of beef from 36 Brown Swiss bulls fed on six different diets with five of them containing additional fats to achieve a high variability in body lipid composition. When ...
López-Millán A F - - 2001
Experiments have been carried out with field-grown pear trees to investigate the effect of iron chlorosis on the composition of the leaf apoplast. Iron deficiency was associated with an increase in the leaf apoplastic pH from the control values of 5.5-5.9 to 6.5-6.6, as judged from direct pH measurements in ...
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