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Results 451 - 500 of 1182
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Lenoble Véronique - - 2002
Arsenic adsorption was carried out on simple materials such as goethite and amorphous iron hydroxide, and more complex matrices such as clay pillared with titanium(IV), iron(III), and aluminum(III). These matrices were synthesized from a bentonite whose montmorillonitic fraction was pillared according to optimized parameters. These sorbents were characterized by various ...
Gómez-Gallego Mar - - 2002
Ethylenediamine-N,N'bis(o-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (o,o-EDDHA) is one of the most efficient iron chelates employed to relieve iron chlorosis in plants. However, the presence of positional isomers of EDDHA in commercial iron chelates has been recently demonstrated, and among them, it has been claimed that ethylenediamine-N(o-hydroxyphenylacetic)-N'(p-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (o,p-EDDHA) is the main impurity present ...
Strlic Matija - - 2002
The anti- and prooxidative properties of gallic acid in Fenton-type systems containing H(2)O(2) and Fe(III) were examined in pH 3-10 reaction media and at reaction temperatures of 20-50 degrees C. Although it is a free radical scavenger, gallic acid may exhibit prooxidative properties, as it promotes the production of hydroxyl ...
Laskov Christine - - 2002
Sustainable management of acidic mining lakes requires knowledge on the origin and reactivity of its sedimentary organic matter. We identified different pools of organic matter (OM) in the Fe-rich sediment (up to 35 wt %) of an acidic (pH 2.8) mining lake using delta13C-signals, C/N ratios, and the markers alkanes, ...
Salovaara Susan - - 2002
It has previously been suggested that organic acids enhance iron absorption. We have studied the effect of nine organic acids on the absorption of Fe(II) and Fe(III) in the human epithelial cell line Caco-2. The effect obtained was dose-dependent, and the greatest increase (43-fold) was observed for tartaric acid (4 ...
Glieder Anton - - 2002
We have converted cytochrome P450 BM-3 from Bacillus megaterium (P450 BM-3), a medium-chain (C12-C18) fatty acid monooxygenase, into a highly efficient catalyst for the conversion of alkanes to alcohols. The evolved P450 BM-3 exhibits higher turnover rates than any reported biocatalyst for the selective oxidation of hydrocarbons of small to ...
Watanabe Takashi - - 2002
A cellulolytic active oxygen species, hydroxyl radicals (.OH), play a leading role in the erosion of wood cell walls by brown-rot and non-selective white-rot fungi. In contrast, selective white-rot fungi have been considered to possess unknown systems for the suppression of .OH production due to their wood decay pattern with ...
Ait-Oukhatar Nabil - - 2002
Iron deficiency, one of the main worldwide nutritional deficiencies, results from the low bioavailability of most dietary iron, including cow milk. Hydrolysis of the cow milk protein casein produces low molecular weight caseinophosphopeptides (CPPs). Binding of iron to CPPs keeps it soluble in the digestive tract and prevents the formation ...
Kadim I T - - 2002
This study aimed to quantify concentrations of fatty acids in the hump and abdomen fats of three different age groups of camel. Hump and abdomen fats were extracted from eight each of one-humped camels (Camelus dromedarius) of three age groups: group 1 (<1 year old), group 2 (1-3 years old) ...
Yılmaz İ - - 2002
Low-fat (5.9-10.3% fat) cooked sausages were produced with seven different formulations. Sausages produced with total replacement of fat with sunflower oil had significantly lower oleic acid (C18:1) and higher linoleic (C18:2) and behenic (C22:0) fatty acid contents. Their ratio of TUFA/TS was 3.65 compared to 0.95-1.14 for the other sausages. ...
Bouglé D - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Short-chain fatty acids produced by bacterial fermentation in the colon enhance the local absorption of cations, such as calcium, that could be used to improve the bioavailability of iron if a significant colonic absorption of iron were to occur. METHODS: Iron (iron gluconate, 100 microM) absorption by the caecum ...
Shibahara Shigeki - - 2002
We all depend on molecular oxygen and heme for our life, as evident from the pigments in blood and daily wastes. About 80% of serum bilirubin is derived from hemoglobin of senescent erythrocytes, which have finished their mission of 120 days and have been phagocytized by macrophages in the reticuloendothelial ...
Ezoe Yuka - - 2002
In Yangmingshan National Park, located in the northern part of the Taiwan Island, there is a very rare area where fish (Channa asiatica) live in spite of acid environments. The origin of the acid in local acid ponds and rivers and the evolution of the water chemistry are discussed on ...
Buss J L - - 2002
Pyridoxal isonicotinoyl hydrazone (PIH) analogues are effective iron chelators in vivo and in vitro, and may be of value for the treatment of secondary iron overload. The sensitivity of Jurkat cells to Fe-chelator complexes was enhanced several-fold by the depletion of the antioxidant glutathione, indicating the role of oxidative stress ...
Ahmad Sarfaraz - - 2002
Both dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)) and dimethylarsinous acid (DMA(III)) release iron from human liver ferritin (HLF) with or without the presence of ascorbic acid. With ascorbic acid the rate of iron release from HLF by DMA(V) was intermediate (3.37 nM/min, P<0.05) and by DMA(III) was much higher (16.3 nM/min, P<0.001). No ...
Heinisch Lothar - - 2002
New acylated bis-catecholates and 1,3-benzoxazine-2,4-dione derivatives based on secondary diamino acids (N-(aminoalkyl)glycines, N-aminopropyl-alanine, and N-aminopropyl-4-aminovaleric acid), on N-(aminoalkyl)aminomethyl benzoic acids, on N-(aminoalkyl)aminomethyl phenoxyacetic acids, or on 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid were synthesized as artificial siderophores. The corresponding diamino acids were obtained from the diamines and oxocarboxylic acids by catalytic hydrogenation. The acylated ...
Zhao Qing-Hui - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the differences in glycyrrhizic acid contents of Gegenqinlian decoctions (a traditional Chinese herbal preparation) prepared according to varied prescription, so as to establish a referential standard for controlling the acid level in such preparations. METHODS: Reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) was employed to determine the content ...
Finogenova T V - - 2002
The effect of ethanol, zinc, and iron (Fe(2+) and Fe(3+)) concentration and of oxygen supply on cell growth and the production of citric acid (CA) and isocitric acid (ICA) from ethanol by mutant Yarrowia lipolytica N 1 was studied under continuous cultivation. The following peculiarities of Y. lipolytica metabolism were ...
Tremain Scott M - - 2002
To test the effect of protein conformation on reactivity, we use laser flash photolysis to compare the electron-transfer properties of the triplet state of zinc-substituted cytochrome c, designated (3)Zncyt, in the folded forms at low (F(low)) and high (F(high)) ionic strength, molten-globule (MG) form, and the forms unfolded by acid ...
Courtois Frédéric - - 2002
We showed recently that iron + ascorbate can impair the assembly of intestinal lipoproteins. However, we could not determine whether these changes were caused by iron + ascorbate-mediated lipid peroxidation per se. We therefore conducted studies to evaluate how antioxidants antagonize the iron + ascorbate-induced derangements. To this end, Caco-2 ...
Lucca Paola - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Iron deficiency is estimated to affect about 30% of the world population. Iron supplementation in the form of tablets and food fortification has not been successful in developing countries, and iron deficiency is still the most important deficiency related to malnutrition. Here we present experiments that aim to increase ...
Cheng Wen Po - - 2002
Fluorescence quenching is commonly used to study the extent of metal binding to humic acid or fulvic acid. By studying this phenomenon, the hydrolysis and precipitation behaviors of polymeric and monomeric iron coagulants in the coagulation of humic acid were evaluated. Combined measurements of fluorescence intensity and dissolved organic carbon ...
Hynes Michael J - - 2002
Ferritin is the main intracellular iron storage protein. The release of iron from ferritin in the presence of a number of phenolic based compounds of nutritional significance was studied at physiological pH. The release of iron was measured by monitoring the formation of the iron(II)-ferrozine complex. The kinetics of this ...
Guo Hongyan - - 2002
Several iron chelators containing alpha,beta-unsaturated hydroxamic acid motifs appended to a citric acid platform were synthesized. Mycobacterium paratuberculosis was then challenged to grow in the presence of a panel of siderophores (mycobactin J, deferrioxamine B, acinetoferrin, and nannochelin A) and the new synthetic agents. Of the structures tested, those containing ...
Mbithi-Mwikya Stephen - - 2002
Finger millet (Eleusine coracana), kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), peanuts (Arachis hypogoea), and mango (Mangifera indica) were processed separately and then combined, on the basis of their amino acid scores and energy content, into a complementary food for children of weaning age. The finger millet and kidney beans were processed by ...
Dodge Cleveland J - - 2002
The mechanisms of photodegradation of binary iron- and uranium-citrate and ternary iron-uranium-citrate complexes were elucidated. Citric acid degradation products were identified by HPLC and GC, and the metal precipitates were identified by XRD and EXAFS. Photodegradation of a binuclear iron-citrate complex occurred as a result of two one-electron oxidations of ...
Delgado G L - - 2002
The study was designed to compare the fatty acid profiles and triglyceride composition of subcutaneous and intramuscular fat of raw and cured hams from Hairless Mexican Pigs. Curing (180 days) was developed throughout several ordered steps: salting, stabilization, drying and ripening. For the salting step, hams were rubbed with nitrate ...
Law John H - - 2002
Konrad Bloch developed an interest in insects because they are unable to make sterols, and in yeast because these cells need oxygen to make sterols and unsaturated fatty acids. Insects, like all other organisms, must deal with the toxic effects of oxygen in the presence of iron, which itself is ...
Lambrecht Richard W - - 2002
A 52-year-old man presented to his primary care physician with blisters and sores on the backs of his hands. Laboratory studies supported a diagnosis of porphyria cutanea tarda, complicated by the presence of both the C282Y and H63D mutations in the HFE gene, with susequent iron over-load. This case illustrates ...
Lin D J - - 2002
The present work is a study of a series of Ti-7.5Mo-xFe alloys, with the focus on the effect of iron addition on the structure and mechanical properties of the alloys. Experimental results indicate that alpha" phase-dominated binary Ti-7.5Mo alloy exhibited a fine, acicular martensitic structure. When 1 wt% or more ...
Lee Dong Sun - - 2002
Cytochrome P450 isolated from Bacillus subtilis (P450BSbeta; MW 48 kDa) catalyzes the hydroxylation of long-chain fatty acids at the alpha and beta positions using H(2)O(2) as an oxidant. Crystals of the substrate-free form of P450BSbeta belonging to the trigonal space group P3(2)21 or P3(1)21 were obtained by the sitting-drop vapour-diffusion ...
Runkel Robert L - - 2002
A reactive transport model based on one-dimensional transport and equilibrium chemistry is applied to synoptic data from an acid mine drainage stream. Model inputs include streamflow estimates based on tracer dilution, inflow chemistry based on synoptic sampling, and equilibrium constants describing acid/base, complexation, precipitation/dissolution, and sorption reactions. The dominant features ...
Orino Koichi - - 2002
Iron incorporation by bovine spleen apoferritin either with ferrous ammonium sulfate in different buffers or with ferrous ammonium sulfate and phosphate was studied. Iron uptake and iron autoxidation were recorded spectrophotomerically. The buffers [4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethanesulphonic acid (Hepes) and tris(hydroxymethyl)aminoethane (Tris) exhibited pH-dependent iron autoxidation, with Tris showing less iron autoxidation than ...
Napolitano F - - 2002
Twenty male Comisana lambs were equally divided into two groups. Ten subjects were artificially reared, 10 others were ewe reared and used as control. Unseparated control animals displayed increased cellular immune response to a percutaneous injection of phytohemagglutinin (P<0.001). During the open field test, ewe-reared lambs showed a higher number ...
Raboy Victor - - 2002
Populations that depend on grains and legumes as staple foods consume diets rich in phytic acid (myo-inositol-1,2,3,4,5,6-hexkisphosphate), the storage form of phosphorus in seeds. This compound binds tightly to important mineral nutrients such as iron and zinc, forming salts that are largely excreted. This phenomenon can contribute to mineral depletion ...
Sandström Magnus - - 2002
The seventeenth-century Swedish warship, Vasa, was recovered in good condition after 333 years in the cold brackish water of Stockholm harbour. After extensive treatment to stabilize and dry the ship's timbers, the ship has been on display in the Vasa Museum since 1990. However, high acidity and a rapid spread ...
Kasvosve Ishmael - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transferrin is the major iron binding protein in human plasma. In black persons, the transferrin CD phenotype has been associated with alterations in certain markers of iron status. OBJECTIVE: We studied vitamin C status in a Zimbabwean population according to transferrin phenotype because vitamin C metabolism is influenced by ...
Alvarez-Fernández Ana - - 2002
Iron chelates derived from ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDHA), ethylenediaminedi(o-hydroxy-p-methylphenylacetic) acid (EDDHMA), ethylenediaminedi(2-hydroxy-5-sulfophenylacetic) acid (EDDHSA), and ethylenediaminedi(5-carboxy-2-hydroxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDCHA) are remarkably efficient in correcting iron chlorosis in plants growing in alkaline soils. This work reports the determination of impurities in commercial samples of fertilizers containing EDDHMA/Fe(3+), EDDHSA/Fe(3+), and EDDCHA/Fe(3+). The active components ...
Glahn Raymond P - - 2002
The objective of this study was to document the effects of phytic acid, tannic acid, and zinc on iron uptake in an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell culture model. The effects of phytic acid and tannic acid on iron uptake were measured at increasing molar ratios of FeCl3 to phytic acid ...
Yadav S K - - 2002
Spinach (Spinacia oleracia) and amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor) leaves were stored in polyethylene bags and without packing for 24 and 48 hours in a refrigerator at 5 degrees C and 30 degrees C in polyethylene bags. The fresh leaves were also dried (oven and sun), blanched (5, 10 and 15 min) ...
Marklová Eliska - - 2002
In addition to the main groups of inherited metabolic diseases, including mitochondrial, peroxisomal and lysosomal defects, organic acidurias, porphyrias, defects of amino acids, saccharides and fatty acids metabolism, disorders of transport and utilisation of microelements have also been recognized. Recent findings concerning hereditary hemochromatosis (iron), Wilson and Menkes diseases (copper), ...
Duhan A - - 2002
UPAS-120, a high yielding and early maturing variety of pigeon peas released by the Department of Plant Breeding, CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar contained a significant amount of phytic acid, i.e. 886 mg/100 g. When it was subjected to various domestic processing and cooking methods viz. soaking (6, 12, 18 ...
Hilp M - - 2002
PH. EUR. 2002 uses elemental bromine performing iron limit tests for maleic acid (iron 5 ppm) and titanium dioxide (iron 200 ppm). 1,3-Dibromo-5,5-dimethylhydantoin (DBH) can replace bromine water. For the iron limit test of maleic acid bivalent iron is oxidized to trivalent iron by bromine resp. DBH, because the unsaturated, ...
Pérez-Llamas F - - 2001
The apparent digestibility coefficient (ADC) of amino acids and the balance of minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium and iron) has been determined in rats fed four diets differing in the protein type (casein or soy protein) and iron source (ferrous sulphate or lactate) in order to study the possible interactions of ...
Timmerman M M MM Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Microbiology Doctoral Training Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706, - - 2001
The mammalian host specifically limits iron during Histoplasma capsulatum infection, and fungal acquisition of iron is essential for productive infection. H. capsulatum expresses several iron acquisition mechanisms under iron-limited conditions in vitro. These components include hydroxamate siderophores, extracellular glutathione-dependent ferric reductase enzyme, extracellular nonproteinaceous ferric reductant(s), and cell surface ferric ...
Skrzypczak-Jankun E - - 2001
Polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism is governed primarily by two enzymes, prostaglandin H synthase and lipoxygenase. The crystal structure of the metastable product-oxidized purple form of soybean lipoxygenase-3 was determined at 2.0 A resolution. The data reveal that the chromophore corresponds to an iron-peroxide complex, a potential intermediate in the catalyzed ...
Midorikawa K - - 2001
Phytic acid (myo-inositol hexaphosphate) is one of the most promising cancer chemopreventive agents. We investigated the mechanism by which phytic acid expresses preventive action to cancer. Phytic acid inhibited the formation of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine in cultured cells treated with an H2O2-generating system, although it did not scavenge H2O2. Site-specific DNA damage ...
Johnson S - - 2001
Iron can react with citric acid, interfering with the Krebs cycle, hence with oxidative phosphorylation. Free iron (Fe) can cause considerable oxidative damage both through Fenton reactions and by activating xanthine oxidase, which produces both superoxide (O(2-)) and uric acid (abundant in many cancers). It can also react with lactic ...
Heckemann H J - - 2001
The effect of reductants, complexants, and nitrite eliminators on the flow-analysis determination of weak-acid-dissociable and total cyanide has been studied for: 1. cyanide recovery from copper, nickel, and iron complexes; 2. cyanide generation from the reagents in the presence of common interferents; and 3. cyanide consumption by the reagents in ...
Marquet A - - 2001
Mobilization of the sulfur of cysteine as persulfide is the first step of sulfur transfer into thiamin, molydopterin, 4-thiouridine, biotin and lipoic acid, but then the pathways diverge completely. For the first three compounds, one or several proteinic persulfides are involved, ending in the nucleophilic attack of a sulfur, persulfide, ...
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