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Results 201 - 250 of 2232
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Vecchio Stefano - - 2009
Thermal decomposition of 12 monovarietal extra virgin olive oils from different geographical origins (eight from Italy, two from Spain, and the others from Tunisia) was evaluated by simultaneous thermogravimetry (TG) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses. All extra virgin olive oils showed a complex multistep decomposition pattern with the first ...
Antonio Cobo Molinos - - 2009
Enterocin AS-48 (30-60 microg/g) significantly reduced viable counts of Listeria monocytogenes in Russian-type salad during one week storage at 10 degrees C. Antilisterial activity of AS-48 (30 microg/g) in salad was strongly enhanced by essential oils (thyme verbena, thyme red, Spanish oregano, ajowan, tea tree, clove, and sage oils tested ...
Snyder Crystal L - - 2009
Seed oils represent a major source of dietary lipid and an increasingly valuable feedstock for industrial applications. There have been several attempts to modify seed oil content and composition through biotechnological approaches, resulting in the identification of several 'bottlenecks' limiting the accumulation of unusual fatty acids in storage lipids of ...
Yin Huiyong H Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. - - 2009
Epidemiological and clinical evidence has suggested that increased dietary intake of fish oil containing omega-3 fatty acids including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may be associated with a reduced risk of asthma. However, interventional studies on these effects have been equivocal and controversial. Free radical oxidation products of ...
Graef George - - 2009
Phenotypic characterization of soybean event 335-13, which possesses oil with an increased oleic acid content (> 85%) and reduced palmitic acid content (< 5%), was conducted across multiple environments during 2004 and 2005. Under these conditions, the stability of the novel fatty acid profile of the oil was not influenced ...
Teraoka Naoya - - 2009
Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA)-enriched oil (50 or 150 mg as free DGLA) was administered to healthy men for 4 weeks. The DGLA content in serum phospholipids dose-dependently increased and returned to the initial level after a 4-week washout. No side effects or changes in platelet aggregation were observed. These results indicate ...
Raatz Susan K SK Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Medicine, 717 Delaware Ave SE, Room 260, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2009
Health benefits of n-3 fatty acids are well-established. However, consumption of adequate dietary sources of these fatty acids is inadequate. Oral fish oil supplements are an alternative means of consuming adequate long-chain n-3 fatty acids in individuals who do not consume sufficient dietary sources. However, palatability can present a problem ...
López-López I - - 2009
The aim of this paper was to design and analyse the nutritional composition (fatty acid profile, cholesterol, mineral and amino acid content) of low-fat frankfurters enriched with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (using algal oil to add 400mg of docosahexanoic acid - DHA/100g of product) as affected by the addition ...
Watanabe Yomi - - 2009
Candida antarctica lipase has generally been known to be nonregiospecific. This report, however, showed that its regiospecificity was linearly correlated to the index of polarity of the reaction mixture, which was calculated based on the dielectric constant of the components. Thus, it was strongly indicated that the regiospecificity depended on ...
Singh B P - - 2009
AIMS: In the present communication, attempts have been made to regulate the tacrolimus production by supplementing commercial source of carbons and amino acids timely. METHODS AND RESULTS: Tacrolimus production was regulated by supplying vegetable oils and amino acids, individually and in combination. Tacrolimus quantification was done by HPLC. Streptomyces spp. ...
Duda Monika K - - 2009
Heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome with multiple aetiologies. Current treatment options can slow the progression to HF, but overall the prognosis remains poor. Clinical studies suggest that high dietary intake of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3PUFA) found in fish oils (eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids) may lower ...
Junming Xu - - 2009
The pyrolysis reactions of soybean oils have been studied. The pyrolytic products were analyzed by GC-MS and FTIR and show the formation of olefins, paraffins, carboxylic acids and aldehydes. Several kinds of catalysts were compared. It was found that the amounts of carboxylic acids and aldehydes were significantly decreased by ...
Zainal Zaida - - 2009
Palm oil is one of the most important edible oils in the world. Its composition (rich in palmitate and oleate) make it suitable for general food uses but its utility could be increased if its fatty acid quality could be varied. In this study, we have modified a palm olein ...
Hou Ching T - - 2009
Among the three groups of natural products (starch, protein and fat), fat and oil are the most under-investigated. The US has a large amount of surplus soybean oil annually, and using vegetable oils or their component fatty acids as starting material provides a new opportunity for bioindustry. Vegetable oils are ...
Allouche Yosra - - 2009
Forty olive cultivars (Olea europaea, L.) from the World Olive Germoplasm Bank Collection of Cordoba (Spain) were studied for their oil triterpenic dialcohol (uvaol and erythrodiol) and acid (oleanolic, ursolic, maslinic) composition. Dialcohol content ranged from 8.15 to 85.05 mg/kg, erythrodiol being the most predominant (from 5.89 to 73.78 mg/kg), ...
Puiggr??s C - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The metabolic effects of intravenous lipid emulsions (ILEs) used in parenteral nutrition (PN) depend on their fatty acid composition. METHODS: Subjects in this prospective and randomized double-blind study were 28 adult patients post digestive surgery. PN was started after surgery and lasts for 5 days. Randomly, patients receive 1 ...
Palmieri-Thiers Cynthia - - 2009
Plant lipoxygenases (LOXs) are a class of widespread dioxygenases catalysing the hydroperoxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Although multiple isoforms of LOX have been detected in a wide range of plants, their physiological roles remain to be clarified. With the aim to clarify the occurrence of LOXs in olives and their ...
Yates Jennifer E - - 2009
Emollients are effective first-line treatment to decrease symptoms of eczema and reduce the need to use steroids in children. Tar preparations work, but compliance may be limited. Gamma-linoleic acid preparations, borage oil, and evening primrose oil show efficacy in small studies. MAS063DP cream (Atopiclair) is effective. Chamomile and bathing in ...
Jennings Brenda H - - 2009
Rice bran oil (RBO) was enzymatically modified in a continuous packed bed bioreactor to incorporate caprylic acid with Lipozyme RM IM as biocatalyst. The reaction product was purified by short-path distillation. Rice bran oil structured lipid (RBOSL) contained 32.1 mol % caprylic acid. Positional analysis revealed 0.7 mol % caprylic ...
Jaraula Caroline M B - - 2009
A helicopter crashed in January 2003 on the 5 m-thick perennial ice cover of Lake Fryxell, spilling synthetic turbine oil Aeroshell 500. Molecular compositions of the oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and compared to the composition of contaminants in ice, meltwater, and sediments collected a year after the ...
Miller Andrew C AC Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, - - 2009
Biocompatible oils are used in a variety of medical applications ranging from vaccine adjuvants to vehicles for oral drug delivery. To enable such nonpolar organic phases to serve as reservoirs for delivery of hydrophilic compounds, we explored the ability of block copolymer micelles in organic solvents to sequester proteins for ...
Girón María Victoria - - 2009
Olive phenol extracts from waste from olive-oil production (alperujo) have been obtained by microwave-assisted extraction and used for edible oil enrichment. The extracts as such or after extractant removal were used to enrich edible oils of different fatty acid composition by liquid-liquid or solid-liquid extraction, respectively. The distribution ratios of ...
Rubio Manuela - - 2009
The surpluses of the wine industry that originate from wine production in the European countries must be reduced. Green harvesting, consisting in collecting the grapes when they are still green, could contribute to the reduction of the yield of vineyards. The green grapes are not suitable for wine production, but ...
Bower C K - - 2009
Smoking of meats and fish is one of the earliest preservation technologies developed by humans. In this study, the smoking process was evaluated as a method for reducing oxidation of pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) oils and also maintaining the quality of oil in aged fish prior to oil extraction. Salmon ...
Hachicha Ridha - - 2009
Olive mill wastewater sludge, resulting from the natural evaporation of olive oil processing effluent, was co-composted with poultry manure and changes in the lipid fraction investigated. Composting was achieved after approximately 9 months, leading to a compost with high stability and maturity (C/N ratio: 11.9; cation exchange capacity (CEC): 85.9 ...
Poon R - - 2009
Male rats were administered one of three biodiesels - soy oil methyl ester (SoME-2), canola oil methyl ester (CaME-2), and methyl ester of animal frying oil (FrAME-1) at 5, 50 and 500 mg/kg, or ultra-low sulphur diesel (ULSD) at 500 mg/kg. Control was administered the vehicle (corn oil) only. After ...
Heo Shin-Haeng - - 2009
Flavobacterium sp. strain DS5 (NRRL B-14859) was used to convert two vegetable oils, olive oil and soybean oil, directly to oxygenated fatty acids such as 10-ketostearic acid (10-KSA) and 10-hydroxystearic acid (10-HSA). Lipase addition to the culture was required because strain DS5 did not induce lipase activity to release free ...
Peng Jun - - 2009
The pyrolysis bio-oil from rice husk was upgraded in sub- and super-critical ethanol using HZSM-5 as catalyst. The results showed that super-critical upgrading process performed more effectively than sub-critical upgrading process. Acidic HZSM-5 facilitates esterification in super-critical ethanol to convert acids contained in crude bio-oil into various kinds of esters. ...
Endo Yasushi - - 2009
We investigated effects of the non-methylene-interrupted polyunsaturated fatty acid, sciadonic acid (all-cis-5,11,14-eicosatrienoic acid), on the lipid metabolism in rats, to identify the mechanism for the plasma and hepatic triacylglycerol-lowering effects of Japanese torreya (Torreya nucifera) seed oil. Sciadonic acid was isolated from torreya seed oil by the combination of urea-adduct ...
Viola Publio - - 2009
Fats are indispensable to life not only as an energy source but also for their structural role in the skin, retina, nervous system, lipoproteins, and biologic membranes. They are also precursors of important hormones and constitute the vehicle for the absorption of liposoluble vitamins. Nutritionists recommend a balanced lipid intake ...
Radulović Niko - - 2009
Chemical composition of the essential oil hydrodistilled from aerial parts of Sonchus arvensis subsp. uliginosus is reported for the first time. GC and GC-MS analyses of the oil enabled the identification of 114 components that represented 97.4% of the total oil. Main identified constituents were heneicosane (28.4%), (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol (19.0%), (E)-2-hexen-1-ol ...
Adhikari P - - 2009
Rice bran oil (RBO) was fractionated into 2 phases, solid (S-RBO) and liquid (L-RBO), using acetone at -18 degrees C and the weight yield of each S-RBO and L-RBO was 45.5% and 54.5%, respectively. Then, trans-free hard fat was synthesized from trans-free substrate of S-RBO and fully hydrogenated soybean oil ...
Sathivel S - - 2009
Four different catfish oil extraction processes were used to extract oil from catfish viscera: process CF1 involved a mixture of ground catfish viscera and water, no heat treatment, and centrifugation; process CF2 involved ground catfish viscera (no added water), heat treatment, and centrifugation; process CF3 involved a mixture of ground ...
Yang Ming-Feng - - 2009
To understand oil mobilization in germinating seeds, we performed ultrastructural observation and proteomic analysis of endosperm in germinating Jatropha curcas seeds. Results showed that the oil mobilization was initiated during germination, and then the oil was consumed for early seedling development. The significant change in abundance of 50 protein spots ...
Fregonesi Adriana - - 2009
This study evaluated the performance of five oils and three butters extracted from Brazilian plants with different fatty chain composition on hair mechanical properties, split end formation, combing analysis and gloss measurements. Oil treatment reduced the combing force percentage for wet conditions. However, the hair treated with butters showed poor ...
Friedly E C - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to screen activity of citrus essential oil fractions (EOs) alone and in combination with organic acids against 2 species of Listeria. Five citrus EOs were initially screened by disc diffusion assay for antibacterial activity. Cold pressed terpeneless Valencia orange oil (CP terpeneless oil) had ...
Pittenauer Ernst - - 2009
Triacylglycerols were analyzed as cationized species (Li(+), Na(+), K(+)) by high-energy CID at 20 keV collisions utilizing MALDI-TOF/RTOF mass spectrometry. Precursor ions, based on [M + Li](+)-adduct ions exhibited incomplete fragmentation in the high and low m/z region whereas [M + K](+)-adducts did not show useful fragmentation. Only sodiated precursor ...
Diarra, SS; ; siakadiarra@yahoo.com
The effect of processing on phytic acid (PA) reduction and nutritional composition of sesame seed was investigated. Raw sesame seed (RASS) was compared with seeds processed by three different methods: roasted (ROSS), boiled (BOSS) and soaked (SOSS) sesame seeds. Processing had no significant (P>0.05) effects on the proximate composition and ...
Zhou Yu-Bi - - 2009
In order to evaluate the differences and similarities between the liposoluble constituents in Cynomorium songaricum populations, stem liposoluble constituents in five populations of C. songaricum collected from three different geographic regions and four different hosts were obtained by solvent extraction and analyzed by GC-MS. Cluster analysis of the percentage composition ...
Kadry Hazem - - 2009
The oil of the dried pulps of Livistona decipiens and L. chinensis palm fruits have been studied for the first time by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for their unsaponifiable matter (USM) and fatty acid composition (FAME). The antihyperlipidemic and anti-ulcer activities for both oils were also assayed. The principal fatty acid ...
Headley John V - - 2009
Mass spectrometry is a common tool for studying the fate of complex organic compound mixtures in oil sands processed water (OSPW), but a comparison of low-, high- ( approximately 10 000), and ultrahigh-resolution ( approximately 400 000) instrumentation for this purpose has not previously been made. High-resolution quadrupole time-of-flight mass ...
Formisano Carmen - - 2009
The chemical compositions of the essential oils obtained from leaves and flowers of Helichrysum pallasii were analyzed by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Among the 102 identified constituents, hexadecanoic acid (16.2%), (Z,Z)-9,12-octadecadienoic acid (6.8%), tetradecanoic acid (2.6%), and (Z)-caryophyllene (4.2%) were the main constituent of the oil from leaves, ...
Hrastar Robert - - 2009
The importance of authenticity characterization is an increasing and pressing requirement for all foods. Vegetable oil is one of the most studied foods because of its nutritional and medicinal properties in a correct diet. In this study, a total of 53 Camelina sativa samples, from all known growing areas, were ...
Cetıngul I S - - 2009
This research has been performed to determine the effects of hazelnut crude oil, sunflower crude oil and its refinery by-products over the laying hens performance and the fatty acid composition of the egg's yolk. Four hundreds 36-week-old Nick Brown layer hens were allocated into five groups. Treatment groups were supplemented ...
Zhang Ji-Wen - - 2009
The essential oils of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum Linn.var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth., an endemic medicinal plant growing in China, was obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-MS. Fifteen compounds, representing 74.19% of the total oil were identified. The main components were as follows: linalool (29.68%), (Z)-cinnamic acid methyl ...
Kim Sae-Jin - - 2009
To develop a strategy for improved production of clavulanic acid (CA), we investigated the effect of using oils on cell growth and CA production during the fermentation of Streptomyces clavuligerus NRRL 3585. In this analysis, triolein, whose fatty acid is oleic acid only, was the best oil source for CA ...
Iskender Nagihan Yilmaz - - 2009
The volatile constituents of the essential oils from the flower, leaf, and stem of Verbascum wiedemannianum were analysed by GC and GC-MS. A total of forty-three compounds were identified, constituting over 99.1%, 94.3%, and 98.7% of oil composition of the flower, leaf, and stem of V. wiedemannianum, respectively. Hydrocarbons were ...
Sivasamy Arumugam - - 2009
The predicted shortage of fossil fuels and related environmental concerns have recently attracted significant attention to scientific and technological issues concerning the conversion of biomass into fuels. First-generation biodiesel, obtained from vegetable oils and animal fats by transesterification, relies on commercial technology and rich scientific background, though continuous progress in ...
Dutot Mélody - - 2009
Olive oil and fish oils are known to possess beneficial properties for human health. We investigated whether different oils and fatty acids alone were able to decrease oxidative stress induced on corneal cells. In our in vivo study, rats were fed with marine oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ...
Ayerza Ricardo - - 2009
As a botanical source, variability in chia seed composition could be expected between growing locations, and between years within a location, due to genotype and environment effects as well genetic x environment's interactions. The objective of the present study was to determine the location effect on the growing cycle length, ...
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