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Results 401 - 450 of 1756
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Smithwick Marla - - 2006
Perfluoroalkyl substances are globally distributed anthropogenic contaminants. Their production and use have increased dramatically from the early 1980s. While many recent publications have reported concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAs) in biotic and abiotic samples, only limited work has addressed temporal trends. In this study we ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Uric acid is a well known antioxidant; however, the relationship between serum uric acid levels and oxidative stress-caused disorders including cardiovascular diseases is not clear yet. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiographic measurement of coronary flow reserve is a useful tool to investigate coronary flow reserve and coronary microvascular functions. In this ...
Yeung Leo W Y - - 2006
Perfluorooctanesulfonylfluoride (POSF)-based compounds have been manufactured and used in a variety of industrial applications. These compounds degrade to perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) which is regarded as a persistent end-stage metabolite and is found to accumulate in tissues of humans and wildlife. PFOS, perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and perfluorooctanesulfonamide (PFOSA) have been found ...
Belmonte M - - 2006
Kraft pulp mill effluents contain elevated concentrations of resin acids, chiefly abietic and dehydroabietic acid, and other lipophilic wood constituents. Resin acids, if not efficiently removed during wastewater treatment, can be responsible for chronic toxicity in aquatic systems. The objective of this study was to investigate the biological removal of ...
Ren Wang - - 2006
A stable electroactive thin film of poly(caffeic acid) has been deposited on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode by potentiostatic technique in an aqueous solution containing caffeic acid. Poly(caffeic acid) was used as a modified electrode for the detection of ascorbic acid (AA), epinephrine (EP), uric acid (UA) and ...
Hess Bernhard - - 2006
The physiology and pathophysiology of renal H+ ion excretion and urinary buffer systems are reviewed. The main focus is on the two major conditions related to acid-base metabolism that cause kidney stone formation, i.e., distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) and abnormally low urine pH with subsequent uric acid stone formation. ...
Davies Phillip M - - 2006
An unusual case with kidney stones composed mainly of 1-methyluric acid is described. The patient, a Caucasian male of Celtic descent, reportedly drank at least eight cups of coffee per day and had a long history of rheumatoid arthritis, gouty attacks and renal colics--the latter attributed to nephrocalcinosis and analgesic ...
Cete Servet - - 2006
In order to prepare a biosensor for the determination of uric acid, electropolymerization of pyrrole on Pt surface was carried out with an electrochemical cell containing pyrrole, ferrocene (as a electron mediator) and tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborat in acetonitrile by cyclic voltammetry between 0.0 and 1.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) at a scan ...
Kim W K - - 2006
The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the potential ability of nitrocompounds to reduce ammonia volatilization by inhibiting uric acid-utilizing microorganisms. Experiment I was conducted to evaluate the effects of nitrocompounds on the growth of uric acid-utilizing microorganisms isolated from poultry manure during six-hour incubation. There were five ...
Nälsén C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Although assays of plasma antioxidant capacity encompass interactions between various antioxidants, uric acid concentration can exert a predominant effect on results. Therefore, individual differences in uric acid concentration may explain a many of the differences in antioxidant capacity. The objective of this study was to measure the antioxidant capacity ...
Chen Guang-Liang - - 2006
In this study, we investigated the effects and mechanisms of Total Saponin of Dioscorea (TSD) on animal experimental hyperuricemia. Mouse and rat hyperuricemic models were made by orally administering yeast extract paste once a day (30 and 20 g/kg, respectively), for 7 days. Yeast would disturb normal purine metabolism by ...
Sánchez-Lozada Laura G - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current evidence supports the role of soluble uric acid as a true mediator of injury, exerting its effects through the induction of growth factors, cytokines, hormones and autacoids. In the present review, we summarize recent studies on the mechanisms involved in the uric acid deleterious effects. RECENT ...
Felici C - - 2006
This study was carried out on carotid artery plaque and plasma of 50 patients. We analyzed uric acid, hypoxanthine, xanthine, and allantoin levels to verify if enzymatic purine degradation occurs in advanced carotid plaque; we also determined free radicals and sulphydryl groups to check if there is a correlation between ...
Twardowski Zbylut J - - 2006
The first apparatus for hemodialysis in animals, made painstakingly by Abel et al. in their laboratory at the beginning of 20th century, was cleaned with acid-pepsin to digest blood, disinfected with thymol, and reused for up to 30 experiments for as long as 8 months. The obvious incentive was saving ...
Zhao Yifang - - 2006
A novel electrochemical biosensor for the detection of uric acid and adenine was prepared based on a gel containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes and room-temperature ionic liquid of 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate. The electrochemistry of uric acid and adenine was studied in this gel modified electrode. There was a significant two-way electrocatalytic activity ...
Nakagawa Takahiko - - 2006
Uric acid might often be regarded as a simple marker of renal disease. Although it is well known that hyperuricemia causes gout which is associated with renal insufficiency and cardiovascular disease, one might think that it could attribute to the intrarenal urate crystal, but not to uric acid per se. ...
Zare Fariba - - 2006
Uric acid, the naturally occurring degradation product of purine metabolism, is a danger signal, driving maturation of dendritic cells. It is well known that uric acid crystals display potent proinflammatory properties--the cause of gout--whereas the biological properties of soluble uric acid are less well documented. We have demonstrated previously that ...
Mehryar Morsal - - 2006
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the foremost cause of blindness among the elderly population in industrialised countries. Currently, there is no effective treatment for the majority of patients. To develop new and effective modes of therapy, understanding of the molecular basis of the disease is mandatory. Many age-related pathologies have ...
Białońska D - - 2005
Lichens produce a great number of secondary metabolites that participate in ecological interactions and respond to environmental changes. We examined the influence of heavy metal accumulations on lichen secondary metabolism. Thalli of Hypogymnia physodes were transplanted for 6 months to the Cracow-Silesia industrial region. Based on heavy metal accumulations in ...
Nguyen Mai Thanh Thi - - 2005
The effects of acacetin (1) and 4,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (2), compounds contained in the flowers of Chrysanthemum sinense SABINE, on the serum uric acid level were investigated using the rats pretreated with the uricase inhibitor potassium oxonate as an animal model for hyperuricemia. When administered per orally at doses ...
Scott B F - - 2005
Haloacetic acids (HAAs) are a family of compounds whose environmental concentrations have been extensively studied, primarily in Europe. Depending on the compound, their sources are believed to be both natural and anthropogenic. To better understand possible sources and contribute to the knowledge of the global distribution of these compounds, especially ...
Yang Qiong - - 2005
Serum uric acid levels are associated with hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and renal disease. Uric acid has been shown to be heritable; however, genome-wide linkage analyses have not been reported. Genome-wide multipoint variance components linkage analyses with 401 markers spaced at approximately 10 centimorgan (cM) were conducted on 1258 subjects of ...
Weaver Virginia M - - 2005
Recent research suggests that uric acid may be nephrotoxic at lower levels than previously recognized and that it may be one mechanism for lead-related nephrotoxicity. Therefore, in understanding mechanisms for lead-related nephrotoxicity, it would be of value to determine whether genetic polymorphisms that are associated with renal outcomes in lead ...
Ma Ying - - 2005
A sensitive method for the detection of catecholamine based on the fluorescence quenching of CdSe nanocrystals was developed. The sodium citrate-protected CdSe nanocrystals were synthesized in water solution. The fluorescence quenching of CdSe nanocrystals by dopamine, uric acid, ascorbic acid and catechol was studied; the results showed that all of ...
Erhardt Andreas - - 2005
Effects of elevated CO2 and nutrient availability on nectar production and onset of flowering in five different seed families (genotypes) of Epilobium angustifolium were investigated in a greenhouse experiment. Elevated CO2 significantly increased nectar production per day (+51%, p < 0.01), total sugar per flower (+41%, p < 0.05), amino ...
Nakagawa Takahiko - - 2006
The worldwide epidemic of metabolic syndrome correlates with an elevation in serum uric acid as well as a marked increase in total fructose intake (in the form of table sugar and high-fructose corn syrup). Fructose raises uric acid, and the latter inhibits nitric oxide bioavailability. Because insulin requires nitric oxide ...
Calafat Antonia M - - 2006
Perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs) are used in multiple consumer products. Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), the most widely studied PFCs, may be potential developmental, reproductive, and systemic toxicants. Although PFCs seem to be ubiquitous contaminants found both in humans and animals, geographic differences may exist in human exposure ...
Bossi Rossana - - 2005
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and related compounds, have been identified as global pollutants and have shown their bioaccumulation into higher trophic levels in the food chain. PFCs have been found in remote areas far from sources, such as the Arctic. In this study spatial and temporal ...
Bousová Iva - - 2005
Glycation is common posttranslational modification of proteins impairing their function, which occurs during diabetes mellitus and aging. Beside extracellular glycation of long-lived proteins, intracellular modifications of short-lived proteins by more reactive sugars like fructose are possible. The process includes free oxygen radicals (glycoxidation). In an attempt to reduce glycoxidation and ...
Reyes Ariel J - - 2005
The plasma level of the uric acid is frequently elevated in heart failure, due to increased production and/or to reduced renal excretion of this antioxidant metabolite. The transformation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and the conversion of the latter into uric acid, which occur in purine catabolism, are catalysed by xanthine ...
Coe Fredric L - - 2005
About 5% of American women and 12% of men will develop a kidney stone at some time in their life, and prevalence has been rising in both sexes. Approximately 80% of stones are composed of calcium oxalate (CaOx) and calcium phosphate (CaP); 10% of struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate produced during ...
Li Yu-Ping - - 2006
Hemoglobin (Hb) was immobilized on carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode to catalyze the dechlorination of chloroacetic acids (CAAs), and the electrocatalytic behaviors of the Hb-loaded electrode for the dechlorination of trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) were studied by cyclic voltammetry and constant-potential electrolysis technique. An Hb-loaded packed-bed flow reactor was also constructed for ...
Zhang Fenfen - - 2006
A reagentless amperometric uric acid biosensor based on zinc sulfide (ZnS) quantum dots (QDs) was firstly developed. It could detect uric acid without the presence of an electron mediator. The carboxyl group functionalized ZnS QDs were synthesized, and they were soluble biocompatible and conductive. ZnS QDs conjugates could provide increased ...
Briancesco R - - 2005
A comparative study on the efficacy of peracetic acid and sodium hypochlorite in inactivating resistant stages of microorganisms such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia and Cl. perfingens was carried out. Furthermore the evaluation of the potential reciprocal correlation among the concentrations of the organisms was performed. The results obtained indicate that, at ...
Martín-Gil Jesus - - 2005
GOAL, SCOPE AND BACKGROUND: In this paper, we attempt to elucidate the composition and origin of the orange patina on the surfaces of the West-Porch of Salisbury Cathedral by comparison to other known patinas: (i) the orange-brown patina on the marble surfaces of the Acropolis in Athens and the Arch ...
Anderson Gail D - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To describe the pharmacokinetics of valerenic acid in a group of healthy adults after a single oral dose of valerian using a newly developed sensitive assay for serum concentrations of valerenic acid, a commonly used marker for qualitative and quantitative analysis of valerian root and valerian products. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Kang Duk-Hee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Soluble uric acid stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation by activating mitogen-activated protein kinases, and stimulating COX-2 and PDGF synthesis. The mechanism by which uric acid enters the VSMC is not known. We hypothesized that uric acid enters via transporters similar to that observed in the kidney. METHODS: ...
Sugawara Mitsuru - - 2005
It is well known that human organic anion transporter 1 (hOAT1) transports many kinds of drugs, endogenous compounds, and toxins. However, little is known about the structure-affinity relationship. The aim of this study was to elucidate the structure-affinity relationship using a series of structurally related compounds that interact with hOAT1. ...
Hayashi Katsuyoshi - - 2005
We developed an interdigitated array electrode (IDAE) consisting of a metal oxide electrode and a metal band heteroelectrode and employed it for the selective detection of catecholamines. We used an indium-tin oxide (ITO) film as the oxidation electrode of the IDAE because the ITO was able to suppress response currents ...
Fortes Ana M - - 2005
A crucial step in the biosynthesis of jasmonic acid (JA) is the formation of its stereoisomeric precursor, cis-(+)-12-oxophytodienoic acid (OPDA), which is catalyzed by allene oxide cyclase (AOC, EC 5.3.99.6). A cDNA of AOC was isolated from Humulus lupulus var. Nugget. The ORF of 765 bp encodes a 255 amino ...
Yoo Tae Woo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Associations between hyperuricemia, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes have been reported, but few of the studies have been conducted in the Korean population. The present study examined a Korean adult population with respect to the relationships between serum uric acid concentrations and hypertension, insulin resistance, and the risk factors of ...
Tseng Chin-Hsiao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Uric acid is detrimental to the kidneys in animal models. However, its role in human diabetic nephropathy has not been extensively studied. This study evaluated the association between serum uric acid and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of ...
Zinchuk Andrey V - - 2005
In this work the Hammett acidity function has been measured to assess the relative acidity of excipients used in the preparation of pharmaceutical solid dosage forms. A systematic series of experiments is reported which illustrates how the selection of the measurement conditions can influence the results of such determinations. Although ...
He Deyong - - 2005
A new microflow injection analysis (microFIA) system on a chip coupled with chemiluminescence (CL) for the non-enzymatic determination of uric acid is described. The microFIA system produced by using two transparent poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) chips measured 50 x 40 x 5 mm, the microchannels, etched by CO2 laser, were 200 microm ...
Adam A M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To find out if there is any association between serum uric acid level and positional vertigo. DESIGN: A prospective, case controlled study. SETTING: A private neurological clinic. SUBJECTS: All patients presenting with vertigo. RESULTS: Ninety patients were seen in this period with 78 males and 19 females. Mean age ...
Juang Lih-Jeng - - 2005
Twenty-eight commercial samples of Fructus Chebulae were collected from local herbal markets in Taiwan and were determined to have been derived from Terminalia chebula Retz. and Terminalia chebula Retz. var. parviflora Thwaites, which differ markedly in external appearance. Ten tannin-related constituents [gallic acid (1), chebulic acid (2), punicalagin (4), chebulanin ...
Zhang Fen-Fen - - 2005
A novel reagentless amperometric uric acid biosensor based on functionalized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with tin oxide (SnO2) nanoparticles has been developed. This was successfully applied to assay uric acid levels from an in vivo microdialysis sampling. Compared with unfunctionalized or traditional carboxylic acid (-COOH)-functionalized MWCNTs, the MWCNTs-SnO2 electrode exhibited ...
Boere V - - 2005
There are few papers about physiological indices in Callithrix penicillata, an increasing primate model in biomedicine. We investigated levels of plasmatic cortisol, plasmatic glucose, free fatty acids, blood cells, tympanic temperature, rectal temperature in C. penicllata, under a fast restraint. Measures of body and weight were accomplished. Males and females ...
Shin Jae Ho - - 2005
An amperometric sol-gel derived nitric oxide microsensor is described. Several silicon-based xerogel membranes are evaluated to identify the optimum composition for maximizing NO permeability while providing sufficient selectivity for NO in the presence of common interfering species. Xerogel permeability and selectivity are further manipulated as a function of reaction/processing conditions. ...
Ochiai Marcelo E - - 2005
To evaluate uric acid renal excretion, hyperuricemia, renal dysfunction, and prognosis in patients with decompensated severe heart failure, as there are few data available. One hundred and twenty-two patients, hospitalized for heart failure decompensation, in NYHA class IV, were classified into 3 groups as follows. Pilot group [ejection fraction (EF)</=0.45, ...
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