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Results 351 - 400 of 1754
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Coleman Michael D - - 2006
The effects of the antioxidant lipoic acid and its reduced form, dihydrolipoic acid (DHLA), were studied on the process of the erythrocytic toxicity of 4-aminophenol in human erythrocytes in vitro. 4-Aminophenol alone caused a stepwise increase in methaemoglobin formation, along with a commensurate decrease in total thiols. At 10 min., ...
Murugaiyah Vikneswaran - - 2006
The methanol extract from the leaves of Phyllanthus niruri L. showed oral antihyperuricemic activity in potassium oxonate- and uric acid-induced hyperuricemic rats. Fractionation of the extract by resin chromatography led to the isolation of a less polar fraction which exhibited the highest reduction of plasma uric acid. Further antihyperuricemic-guided purification ...
Zhao Yunsheng - - 2006
An intracellular uricase from Bacillus fastidious A.T.C.C. 26904 was characterized and evaluated for serum uric acid assay by a patented kinetic uricase method. The active uricase was 151 kDa by gel filtration through Sephadex G-200. Both SDS/PAGE and matrix-assisted laser-desorption ionization-time-of-flight MS resolved a single polypeptide with a molecular mass ...
Birkedal Henrik - - 2006
Mineralized tissues are produced by most living organisms for load and impact functions. In contrast, the jaws of the clam worm, Nereis, are hard without mineralization. However, they are peculiarly rich in halogens, which are associated with a variety of post-translationally modified amino acids, many of which are multiply halogenated ...
Odvina Clarita V - - 2006
Foods that are high in citrate content generally are assumed to deliver alkali load when consumed irrespective of the accompanying cation. The object of this randomized, crossover study was to compare the effects of orange juice with those of lemonade on acid-base profile and urinary stone risks under controlled metabolic ...
Pietraforte Donatella - - 2006
A complex antioxidant system is present in human saliva, with uric acid being the most concentrated component. Ascorbic acid, present at low concentrations in saliva, is actively secreted into the gastric lumen. We report that ascorbic acid added to human saliva at pH 2 was consumed within a few minutes, ...
Franzoni F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Treatment of oxidative stress-related pathologies is a possible therapeutical strategy for the future. Natural product with antioxidant properties could trigger this goal. The aim of this in vitro study was to assess the antioxidant activity of the natural product ergothioneine (EGT), a compound of plant origin, which is assimilated ...
Ozkan Ye┼čim - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Homocysteine increases the damage to the cardiovascular system in different ways, one of them is the formation of reactive oxygen species resulting from the auto-oxidation of homocysteine. At the same time, uric acid is one of the major antioxidants in the plasma and protects the cells towards increased ROS ...
Hwang In-Koo - - 2006
AIM: To observe neuroprotective effects of raw and roasted licorice against hypoxia and ischemic damage. METHODS: When elucidating the protective effects of raw and roasted licorice, we analyzed the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release using PC12 cells after hypoxia in an in vitro study and after transient forebrain ischemia in an ...
Pavlova E L - - 2006
The goal of this research was to measure in vitro the inhibitory constants of the antioxidants ascorbic and uric acid in urine, with lucigenin enhanced chemiluminescence (CL) in Fenton's system. Maximum CL emission is registered in urine containing H2O2 (5.10(-4) M), Fe2+ (5.10(-5) M), EDTA (5.10(-5) M), and chemical enhancer ...
Leong Susanna S J - - 2006
The effect of glycosylation on AFP foldability was investigated by parallel quantitative and qualitative analyses of the refolding of glycosylated and nonglycosylated AFP variants. Both variants were successfully refolded by dialysis from the denatured-reduced state, attaining comparable "refolded peak" profiles and refolding yields as determined by reversed-phase HPLC analysis. Both ...
Liu S X - - 2007
In the present work, activated carbon (AC) with excellent Cr(VI) adsorption performance especially at low concentrations was prepared by an acid-base surface modification method. Raw activated carbon (AC(0)) was first oxidized in boiling HNO(3) (AC(1)), then treated with a mixture of NaOH and NaCl (AC(2)). Batch equilibrium and continuous column ...
Goyal Rajendra N - - 2007
A fullerene-C(60)-modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) is used for the simultaneous determination of adenosine and guanosine by differential pulse voltammetry. Compared to a bare glassy carbon electrode, the modified electrode exhibits an apparent shift of the oxidation potentials in the cathodic direction and a marked enhancement in the voltammetric peak ...
Moe Orson W - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The majority of uric acid nephrolithiasis in humans occurs in the absence of frank hyperuricosuria and is primarily a disease of excessively low urinary pH. Uric acid is substantially less soluble than urate salts so in low urine pH urate is protonated, thus favoring precipitation even under ...
Liao Cheng Wei - - 2006
In this paper, uricase, catalase, and electron mediator were coimmobilized on the surface of the tin oxide (SnO2)/indium tin oxide (ITO) glass, to develop a disposable potentiometric uric acid biosensor. The SnO2/ITO glass was employed as a pH sensor, fabricated by sputtering SnO2 thin films on the ITO glass. 3-Glycidyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane ...
Odaci Dilek - - 2006
An enzyme electrode suitable for paracetamol detection was developed by immobilizing laccase on a dissolved-oxygen probe surface. The immobilization procedure was achieved by means of gelatin, which was then cross-linked with glutaraldehyde. The measurement was based on the detection of oxygen consumption in relation to analyte oxidation. The optimum experimental ...
Viazzi Francesca - - 2006
Hyperuricemia is commonly associated with traditional risk factors such as abnormalities in glucose metabolism, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Recent studies have revived the controversy over the role of serum uric acid as an independent prognostic factor for cardiovascular mortality. The authors review clinical and experimental evidence concerning the role of serum ...
Su C C Roche Pharmaceuticals, Palo Alto, CA 94304, - - 2006
Previous studies have established the importance of substitutions at amino acids 36-45 of HIV-1 gp41 in the development of viral resistance to the peptide fusion inhibitor enfuvirtide. However, the influence of other loci in the HIV-1 envelope is not well established. To identify positions showing genotypic changes that are associated ...
Engström Ann-Charlott - - 2006
A high accessibility is an essential prerequisite for a homogeneous substitution of cellulose material. In this study, chemical and enzymatic pretreatments to increase the accessibility of cellulose materials have been investigated. Dissolving pulp has been treated with a monocomponent endoglucanase. Fock's method, a microscale process similar to the viscose process, ...
Arquette Timothy J - - 2006
Total levels of uric acid, soluble proteins, lipid, glycogen, and body water were determined for Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) workers 24-72 h after field collection. In addition, levels of biological molecules were compared for termites collected from the same inspection ports within 24 h after field collection, and after laboratory captivity ...
Shin Hyun-Sik - - 2006
The aim of this prospective cohort study was to determine whether serum uric acid level is useful as a predictor of survival in terminally ill cancer patients. One hundred eighteen terminally ill cancer patients, including 63 (53.4%) males, were categorized into four groups by serum uric acid levels and followed ...
Richette Pascal - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 56-year-old white woman was referred to our institution with a 16-month history of severe, gouty, recurrent, acute polyarthritis involving the finger joints. She also had numerous small subcutaneous tophi in her hands. The patient was intolerant to allopurinol and had mild renal insufficiency attributed to uric-acid nephrolithiasis and ...
Liu Huai-Pan - - 2006
The changes in levels and forms of polyamine (Pa) in the coleoptiles of two wheat (triticum aestivum L.) cultivars differing in drought tolerance were investigated under osmotic stress. The drought-tolerant 'Yumai 18' showed marked increases in free spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm) levels in coleoptiles after being treated with polyethylene ...
Liao Fei - - 2006
A patented kinetic uricase method was evaluated for serum uric acid assay. Initial absorbance of the reaction mixture before uricase action (A(0)) was obtained by correcting the absorbance at 293 nm measured before the addition of uricase solution, and background absorbance (A(b)) was predicted by an integrated method. Uric acid ...
Stehouwer Richard - - 2006
Mine reclamation with biosolids increases revegetation success but nutrient addition well in excess of vegetation requirements has the potential to increase leaching of NO3 and other biosolids constituents. A 3-yr water quality monitoring study was conducted on a Pennsylvania mine site reclaimed with biosolids applied at the maximum permitted and ...
Tsahar Ella - - 2006
Uric acid is the main nitrogenous waste product in birds but it is also known to be a potent antioxidant. Hominoid primates and birds lack the enzyme urate oxidase, which oxidizes uric acid to allantoin. Consequently, the presence of allantoin in their plasma results from non-enzymatic oxidation. In humans, the ...
Kashima Takayuki - - 2006
Nymphs of the univoltine shield bug, Parastrachia japonensis grow by feeding on the drupes of their sole food plant, which are available for only 2 weeks a year. The new adults soon enter a reproductive diapause and survive without feeding for at least 10 months up to 2 years. Uric ...
Kermani Sanaz - - 2006
This study quantified the reaction kinetics of O3 with three low molecular weight antioxidants-uric acid (UA), ascorbic acid (AH2), and glutathione (GSH)-found in respiratory mucous. Using a semi-batch reactor in which a 500 ml/min flow of air containing 1-5 parts per million of O3 contacted 3 ml of well-stirred physiological ...
Wang Chengyin - - 2007
A novel one-step approach to glassy carbon nanoelectrode ensembles (NEEs) with the pores of 20-120nm in radii has been developed using an amphiphilic block copolymer [polystyrene-block-poly (acrylic acid)] self-assembly. This procedure is simple and fast, and requires only conventional, inexpensive electrochemical instrumentation. Electrochemical methods were used to characterize the NEEs ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2006
Epidemiologic studies published during the past 3 years support the possible role of uric acid in the onset of essential hypertension. Data from several large, longitudinal cardiovascular disease studies indicate that elevated serum uric acid is a predictor of incident hypertension and blood pressure progression. In a pediatric study, more ...
Zhou Xiaoyan - - 2006
Reports relating hyperuricemia and hypertension have been filed for many decades. Nevertheless, controversy remains concerning serum uric acid concentration as an independent risk factor underlying coronary heart disease (CHD) and essential hypertension or as an indirect marker of renovascular involvement. Earlier studies in normotensive subjects and hypertensive patients demonstrated that ...
Priest David M - - 2006
A glucosyltransferase (GT) of Arabidopsis, UGT71B6, recognizing the naturally occurring enantiomer of abscisic acid (ABA) in vitro, has been used to disturb ABA homeostasis in planta. Transgenic plants constitutively overexpressing UGT71B6 (71B6-OE) have been analysed for changes in ABA and the related ABA metabolites abscisic acid glucose ester (ABA-GE), phaseic ...
Bravo A H - - 2006
Three limestone slabs (approx. 20 cm2 each) were extracted from the El Tajin archaeological zone in Veracruz, Mexico. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed three components: calcite (81.2%), quartz (17.9%) and feldspar (0.9%). Calcite content by x-ray diffraction analysis was slightly higher than that determined by chemical reaction between the limestone sample ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2006
Serum uric acid was first noted to be associated with increased BP by Frederick Mohamed in the 1870s. Although the link was rediscovered periodically over the years, it generally was dismissed as a surrogate marker for decreased renal function that led to increased uric acid and increased risk for hypertension ...
Koch Marcus - - 2006
Peroxynitrite, a reactive oxidant formed by the reaction of nitric oxide with superoxide at sites of inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS), is capable of damaging tissues and cells. Uric acid, a natural scavenger of peroxynitrite, reduces inflammatory demyelination in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis. Some studies reported lower serum levels of uric ...
Cizova Hana - - 2006
Changes in small molecular antioxidants were followed up in a model of small intestinal ischemia in Wistar rats to evaluate their possible role in ischemic preconditioning. The superior mesenteric artery was occluded either for 60 minutes only or for 60 minutes preceded by one to three 15-minute periods of ischemia ...
Sahoo Bishwabhusan - - 2006
Polycondensations were performed at 70 degrees C in bulk using physically immobilized lipase B from Candida antarctica (CAL-B) as catalyst. Study of copolymerizations between sebacic acid and PEG diols of differing Mn values (200, 400, 600, 1000, 2000, and 10 000) showed that PEG 400 and 600 were most reactive ...
Bleyer Anthony J - - 2006
Hyperuricemia and gout are common conditions that have long been known to have a heritable component. Obesity, diabetes, and chronic kidney failure are conditions with multifactorial inheritance that are associated with gout. In addition, social factors such as protein and alcohol intake affect serum uric acid levels. The current review ...
Salimi Abdollah - - 2006
A sol-gel carbon composite electrode (CCE) has been prepared by mixing a sol-gel precursor (e.g. methyltrimethoxysilane) and carbon powder without adding any electron transfer mediator or specific reagents. It was demonstrated that this sensor can be used for simultaneous determination ascorbic acid, neurotransmitters (dopamine and adrenaline) and uric acid. Direct ...
Araújo Cristiano V M - - 2006
The suitability and viability of acute in situ bioassays were investigated in the biomonitoring program of an acidic lake contaminated with sulphur residues. Responses of organisms observed in laboratory and in situ bioassays were also assessed to determine whether or not they were similar and comparable, regarding accuracy and precision. ...
Li Chun-Xiang - - 2006
A cobalt(II) tetrakisphenylporphyrin (Co(II)TPP) film modified glassy carbon electrode (Co(II)TPP-GCE) was prepared by just coating Co(II)TPP solution on the surface of the electrode. It can be used for the simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and uric acid. The anodic peaks of AA and UA can be separated well. Owing to ...
Grases Félix - - 2006
AIM: The presence of uric acid in the beginning zone of different types of 'pure' calcium oxalate renal calculi was evaluated with the aim of establishing the degree of participation of uric acid crystals in the formation of such calculi. METHODS: The core or fragment of different types of 'pure' ...
Elliott Simon - - 2006
The anti-spasmodic drug mebeverine is used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. It has been found to be unstable and rapidly metabolized to initially form mebeverine-alcohol and veratric acid. Mebeverine-alcohol is a precursor for a number of amphetamine-like compounds. Consequently, these, in addition to mebeverine and mebeverine-alcohol, can produce ...
Motrich Ruben Dario - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report the finding of red and brownish precipitates with morphology and chemistry compatible with uric acid crystals in semen in a patient with symptoms of chronic prostatitis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic clinical biochemistry and immunology laboratory. PATIENT(S): A 35-year-old man with clinical symptoms of prostatitis. INTERVENTION(S): Uric ...
Lee Jun Hee - - 2006
Amino acids have been cited as potential precursors of the disinfection byproduct cyanogen chloride in chlorinated drinking water. Screening experiments with 17 amino acids were performed in this study to comprehensively identify important CNCl precursors. Among this set, only glycine was found to yield detectable CNCl (i.e., > 0.6% yields). ...
Moe O W - - 2006
Excessive acid load is considered a risk factor for both Nephrolithiasis and osteoporosis. The mechanisms by which acid confer the risk involves multiple organs, and is highly complex and incompletely understood. At least one component of the acid effect is due to renal leak of calcium. This article summarizes the ...
Parvez Suhel - - 2006
Paraquat is a quaternary herbicide widely used for broadleaf weed control, which has been known to be a highly toxic compound for humans and animals. Therefore, analysis and development of biomarkers of exposure are undoubtedly valuable in evaluating the toxicity of paraquat contaminated water bodies. The effect of a single ...
Yu Chun-li - - 2006
Application of TMS technology in newborn screening has resulted in major expansion of disorder panel for metabolic diseases in recent years. This automated, multiplex testing methodology detects multiple analytes from single analysis of one blood spot, which leads to detection of 30-35 disorders of amino acids, organic acids, and fatty ...
Smithwick Marla - - 2006
Perfluoroalkyl substances are globally distributed anthropogenic contaminants. Their production and use have increased dramatically from the early 1980s. While many recent publications have reported concentrations of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and other perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAs) in biotic and abiotic samples, only limited work has addressed temporal trends. In this study we ...
Erdogan Dogan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Uric acid is a well known antioxidant; however, the relationship between serum uric acid levels and oxidative stress-caused disorders including cardiovascular diseases is not clear yet. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiographic measurement of coronary flow reserve is a useful tool to investigate coronary flow reserve and coronary microvascular functions. In this ...
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