Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1755
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Li Siguang - - 2007
High serum uric acid levels elevate pro-inflammatory-state gout crystal arthropathy and place individuals at high risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Genome-wide scans in the genetically isolated Sardinian population identified variants associated with serum uric acid levels as a quantitative trait. They mapped within GLUT9, a Chromosome 4 glucose transporter ...
Nath Subrata D - - 2007
Elevated serum uric acid level is associated with obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, nephropathy, and hypertension. Epidemiologic studies suggest that serum uric acid levels are heritable. We sought to identify chromosomal regions harboring quantitative trait loci that influence serum uric acid in Mexican Americans using data from 644 participants in the ...
Farquhar James - - 2007
The evolution of the Earth's atmosphere is marked by a transition from an early atmosphere with very low oxygen content to one with an oxygen content within a few per cent of the present atmospheric level. Placing time constraints on this transition is of interest because it identifies the time ...
Wang Cui-hong - - 2007
In matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) Fourier transform mass spectrometry (FTMS) analyses of small oligosaccharides and amino acids, high sensitivities for oligosaccharides (10 fmol) were obtained by introducing oxidized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with short and open-end structure as valuable matrix. The CNTs were deposited in porous anodic alumina (PAA) templates by ...
Lima Carlos F R A C - - 2007
The standard (p0 = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of combustion of six aminomethylbenzoic acids were measured at T = 298.15 K by static bomb calorimetry. With these values, the standard molar enthalpies of formation in the crystalline state were obtained. Combining these results with the standard molar enthalpies of sublimation, ...
Harada Eisaku - - 2007
The metabolic disorders associated with chronic hypoxemia in adult patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) have not been fully appreciated. We report a 53-year-old male patient with TOF who presented with fasting hypoglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia, increased blood levels of free fatty acids, adiponectin, B-type natriuretic peptide, and uric acid. The cluster ...
Qiao Jian Xian - - 2008
A pretreated glassy carbon electrode by electrochemical activation has been proposed for simultaneous investigation and determination of epinephrine and uric acid by differential pulse voltammetry. This pretreated glassy carbon electrode exhibits a potent and persistent electron-mediating behavior followed by well-separated oxidation peaks towards epinephrine and uric acid with a potential ...
Greabu Maria - - 2007
The effect of smoking is in our days a serious global public health problem of major concern. Incidence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in cigarette smokers is four to seven times higher than in nonsmokers. There is a constant and direct attack of various cigarette smoke constituents on the ...
Nakayama Keisuke - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) is thought to exacerbate oxidative stress (OS). The purpose of this study was to assess patients' oxidative status during and after HD, and to clarify the relation between oxidative status and antioxidant solutes such as uric acid (UA) and ascorbic acid (AsA). METHODS: Serum diacron-reactive oxygen metabolites ...
Torres Rosa J - - 2007
Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficiency is a genetic disease of purine metabolism resulting in uric acid overproduction. Allopurinol, which inhibits the enzyme xanthine oxidase and reduces uric acid synthesis, is widely used for the treatment of gout and uric acid overproduction. The aim of the study was to analyze the long-term ...
Ugawa Shinya - - 2007
We electrophysiologically investigated the effects of nafamostat mesilate (NM: 6-amidino-2-naphthyl p-guanidinobenzoate dimethanesulfonate) and its two metabolites, 6-amidino-2-naphthol (AN) and p-guanidinobenzoic acid (PGBA), on three distinct types of human acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). Acid-evoked inward currents at a holding potential of -60mV in ASIC1a- and ASIC2a-expressing oocytes were decreased by extracellular ...
Solomon D H - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Uric acid lowering therapy (UALT) is considered a chronic treatment for gout. Relatively little is known about adherence to UALT. METHODS: We assessed adherence with UALT over a 1-year study period among 9823 older adults enrolled in a pharmacy benefit program. Two adherence measures were calculated, the percentage of ...
Sherman Merry R - - 2008
Hyperuricemia results from an imbalance between the rates of production and excretion of uric acid. Longstanding hyperuricemia can lead to gout, which is characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate monohydrate crystals in the joints and periarticular structures. Because such deposits are resolved very slowly by lowering plasma urate with ...
Powley Charles R - - 2008
This study reports on an investigation of the presence of polyfluorinated chemicals in a spatially and temporally integrated set of biological samples representing an Arctic food web. Zooplankton, Arctic cod, and seal tissues from the western Canadian Arctic were analyzed for perfluoroalkyl sulfonates [PFAS], perfluorocarboxylates [PFCAs], and other polyfluorinated acids. ...
Sato Masanobu - - 2008
PURPOSE: To examine the mechanisms of the alteration of serum uric acid level by angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), the effects of ARBs on renal uric acid transporters, including OAT1, OAT3, OAT4, and MRP4, were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Uptakes of uric acid by OAT1-expressing Flp293 cells, by Xenopus oocytes ...
Chonchol Michel - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Uric acid levels are increased in patients with kidney dysfunction. We tested the hypothesis that uric acid may be associated with kidney disease progression. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 5,808 participants of the Cardiovascular Health Study. PREDICTOR: Uric acid levels. OUTCOMES & MEASUREMENTS: Kidney disease progression was ...
Cameron Mary Ann - - 2007
Uric acid nephrolithiasis may be the final manifestation of various pathophysiological processes. Recent advances in renal urate transport have elucidated mechanisms by which hyperuricosuria occurs. However, in most uric acid stone formers the primary pathophysiologic defect is an excessively acidic urine pH rather than hyperuricosuria. Insulin resistance may contribute to ...
Zhang Yuzhong - - 2007
Trans-3-(3-pyridyl) acrylic acid (PAA) was deposited on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by electropolymerization in pH 7.0 phosphate buffer solution (PBS). The poly (3-(3-pyridyl) acrylic acid) (PPAA) film modified glassy carbon electrode shows an excellent electrochemical response for dopamine (DA), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA). The cyclic voltammetry oxidation ...
Syamala Shirmila - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence supports a causal role of serum uric acid in hypertension development. Previous epidemiologic studies demonstrated an association between uric acid and hypertension; however, data from non-Caucasian ethnicities are limited. Currently there are few data available on the association between serum uric acid level and clinically relevant blood ...
Chen Li-ying - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between metabolic syndrome and hyperuricemia. METHODS: A total of 2 374 subjects who received health examination in our hospital from Jan. 2004 to Dec. 2006 were enrolled in our study. Hyperuricemia is defined as >or=7 mg/dl (in men) or >or=6.0 mg/dl (in women). Metabolic syndrome ...
Aubert B - - 2007
We have performed a search for the flavor-changing neutral-current decays B-->pil+ l-, where l+ l- is either e+ e- or mu+ mu-, using a sample of 230 x 10(6) Upsilon(4S)-->BB decays collected with the BABAR detector. We observe no evidence of a signal and measure the upper limit on the ...
Behera S - - 2007
Electrochemistry of microperoxidase-11 (MPx-11) anchored on the mixed self-assembled monolayer (SAM) of 2-(2-mercaptoethylpyrazine) (PET) and 4,4'-dithiodibutyric acid (DTB) on gold (Au) electrode and the biosensing of uric acid (UA) is described. MPx-11 has been covalently anchored on the mixed SAM of PET and DTB on Au electrode. MPx-11 on the ...
Pan Haihua - - 2007
The regulation mechanism of organic additives on the crystallization of inorganic crystal is fundamentally important in biomineralization. Experimentally, it was found that the amino acids glycine (Gly) and glutamic acid (Glu) could lead to the formation of rod- and plate-like hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystallites, respectively. The detailed adsorption behavior of Gly ...
Bacandritsos Nicolaos - - 2007
Oxalic acid field trails for the control of varroosis (Varroa destructor) were carried out in an apiary located on the Mt. Imittos (Attica, Greece). The colonies received four successive applications (approximately one every 16 days) with 4.2% oxalic acid (OA) and 60% sugar solution by trickling method with two alternative ...
Mihai Mihaela - - 2007
Low density open-cell foams were obtained from polylactic acid (PLA) and from blends of PLA with thermoplastic starch (TPS) using CO(2) as a blowing agent. Two unexpected features were found. First, a 2D cavitation process in the fractured cell walls was unveiled. Elliptical cavities with dimensions in the 100-300 nm ...
Lin Ji - - 2007
In this research, the role of leptin on sepsis-induced organ dysfunction was evaluated. Making use of a mice sepsis model, changes of alanine transaminase and uric acid in serum, myeloperoxidase activity, leptin levels and histological alterations in heart, lung, liver and kidney were determined. Results showed that sepsis induced significantly ...
Okado-Matsumoto Ayako - - 2007
The Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) has been reported to exert an S-nitrosylated glutathione (GSNO) denitrosylase activity that was augmented by a familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (FALS)-associated mutation in this enzyme. This putative enzymatic activity as well as the spontaneous decomposition of GSNO has been reexamined. The spontaneous decomposition of GSNO exhibited ...
Wu Tsung-Hsiu - - 2007
Shao-yao Gan-Cao Tang (SYGCT) is a popular Chinese herbal prescription which is composed of Paeoniae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix. The uric acid-lowering effects and regulatory effects on autonomic functions of SYGCT in vegetarians with asymptomatic hyperuricemia were evaluated in the present study. All the hyperuricemic vegetarians in experimental group and ...
Zhang Hailong - - 2007
Two 3-phenyldihydroisocoumarins (hydrangenol and phyllodulcin), a 3-phenylisocoumarin (thunberginol A), and a stilbene (hydrangeaic acid) from the processed leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii (Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium) promoted adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 cells. Hydrangenol, a principal constituent, significantly increased the amount of adiponectin released into the medium and mRNA levels of adiponectin, ...
Balamurugan A - - 2007
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene-co-(5-amino-2-naphthalenesulfonic acid)) (PEDOT-PANS) film modified glassy carbon electrode was prepared by electrochemical polymerization technique. The properties of modified electrode was studied. It was found that the electrochemical properties of modified electrode was very much dependent on the experimental conditions, such as monomer oxidation potential and pH. The modified electrode surface ...
Liebman Scott E - - 2007
Uric acid nephrolithiasis is typically found in individuals with a low urine pH and a normal concentration of urinary uric acid. Patients with a history of gout are at greater risk of forming uric acid stones, as are patients with obesity, diabetes, or the complete metabolic syndrome. The unifying renal ...
Yamamoto Yasutaka - - 2007
Hyperuricemia in hypertensive subjects has been considered one of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the status of uric acid management in 799 hypertensive subjects (432 females and 367 males; mean age 70.9 years) managed by 43 doctors (19 cardiologists and 24 noncardiologists; 25 private practice doctors and 18 ...
Yao Hong - - 2007
An electropolymerized film of eriochrome black T (EBT) has been prepared at a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) by cyclic voltammetry (CV). The poly(EBT) membrane at GCE exhibits an excellent electrocatalytic activity towards the oxidation of epinephrine (EP), ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) in acidic solution and reduced the ...
Mathiyarasu J - - 2007
In this work, conducting polymer impregnated gold nanoparticles are synthesized through a sequence of chemical and electrochemical routes. The nanocomposite film is characterized using UV-vis, FTIR spectroscopy, and SEM techniques to study the formation of oxidized PEDOT and Au0. The advantages of these films are demonstrated for sensing biologically important ...
Cui Hui-Fang - - 2007
Electrodeposition of Pt-Pb nanoparticles (PtPbNPs) to multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) resulted in a stable PtPbNP/MWCNT nanocomposite with high electrocatalytic activity to glucose oxidation in either neutral or alkaline medium. More importantly, the nanocomposite electrode with a slight modification exhibited high sensitivity, high selectivity, and low detection limit in amperometric glucose ...
Choi Hyon K - - 2007
PURPOSE: The link between hyperuricemia and insulin resistance has been noted, but the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome by recent definitions among individuals with hyperuricemia remains unclear. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome according to serum uric acid levels in a nationally representative sample of ...
Wang Gehui - - 2007
Lower to middle (0.5-3.0 km altitude) tropospheric aerosols (PM2.5) collected by aircraft over inland and east coastal China were, for the first time, characterized for organic molecular compositions to understand anthropogenic, natural, and photochemical contribution to the air quality. n-Alkanes, fatty acids, sugars, polyacids are detected as major compound classes, ...
Frisch I B - - 2007
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare anterior chamber depth (ACD) measurements using Orbscan II (Bausch & Lomb, Rochester, NY) and IOLMaster (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany). METHODS: In this prospective clinical study, the authors measured ACD of 145 phakic eyes of 30 healthy volunteers and 115 patients using Orbscan II ...
Baggott Joseph E - - 2007
The 10-formyl moiety of 10-formyltetrahydrofolate is the source of carbons at the positions 8 (C(8)) and 2 (C(2)) of the purine ring, originating from formate and a few amino acids. Uric acid is the final catabolic product of purines. In adult humans, we independently measured the (13)C enrichment of the ...
Ford Earl S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The association between concentrations of uric acid and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents remains incompletely understood. The objective of this study was to examine how these 2 were associated in a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis ...
De Smet Rita - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Uraemic solutes accumulate in haemodialysis (HD) patients and interfere with physiological functions. Low-flux (LF) HD does not efficiently remove all uraemic compounds. We investigated whether large pore super-flux (SF) cellulose triacetate membranes (CTA) result in a better removal of uraemic solutes. METHODS: Eleven patients were dialysed consecutively with LF-CTA ...
Qi Xinming - - 2007
Aristolochic acid (AA), a natural nephrotoxin and carcinogen, can induce a progressive tubulointerstitial nephropathy. However, the mechanism by which AA causes renal injury remains largely unknown. Here we reported that the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) plays an important role in the renal injury induced by aristolochic acid I (AAI). We ...
Sautin Yuri Y - - 2007
Uric acid is considered a major antioxidant in human blood that may protect against aging and oxidative stress. Despite its proposed protective properties, elevated levels of uric acid are commonly associated with increased risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Furthermore, recent experimental studies suggest that uric acid may have a ...
Cunningham Rochelle - - 2007
Sodium-hydrogen exchanger regulatory factor-1-deficient (NHERF-1(-/-)) mice demonstrate increases in the urinary excretion of phosphate, calcium, and uric acid associated with interstitial deposition of calcium in the papilla of the kidney. These studies examine the role of NHERF-1 in the tubular reabsorption of uric acid and regulation of mouse urate transporter ...
Jelić-Ivanović Zorana - - 2007
Epidemiological studies have shown that a high serum uric acid concentration is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the issue of whether it is an independent cardiovascular risk factor or simply a marker of co-existing conditions is a matter of controversy. In the present case-controlled study, we ...
Stamp L K - - 2007
Gout is a common chronic arthritis that can lead to significant disability. Gout is one of the few rheumatological conditions that can be diagnosed with certainty, has a known cause and can be cured with appropriate therapy. Hypouricaemic agents reduce uric acid concentrations through inhibiting uric acid production (allopurinol) or ...
Liu Aihua - - 2007
The use of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA)-multiwalled carbon-nanotubes (MWNTs) composite-coated glassy-carbon disk electrode (GCE) (PAA-MWNTs/GCE) for the simultaneous determination of physiological level dopamine (DA) and uric acid (UA) in the presence of an excess of ascorbic acid (AA) in a pH 7.4 phosphate-buffered solution was proposed. PAA-MWNTs composite was prepared by ...
Pedro André M K - - 2007
In this work, the development of a robust spectroscopic procedure for determining, simultaneously and non-destructively, relevant quality parameters of processed tomato products (total and soluble solids, total acidity, total sugars, glucose and fructose), is described. Samples of tomato concentrate products with total solids content ranging from 6.9 to 35.9% were ...
So M K - - 2007
A total of 14 perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) were quantified in river water samples collected from tributaries of the Pearl River (Guangzhou Province, south China) and the Yangtze River (central China). Among the PFCs analyzed, perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) were the two compounds with the highest concentrations. PFOS ...
Kube S - - 2007
The seasonal variability of the intracellular free amino acid (FAA) concentration was studied in 5 Macoma balthica populations and 7 Mytilus spp. populations along their European distribution. Because of the well known physiological role of FAA as organic osmolytes for salinity induced cell volume regulation in marine osmoconformers, FAA variations ...
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