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Stow R A - - 1993
1. The absorption and metabolism of purine nucleosides and their constituent bases has been investigated by perfusion through the lumen of isolated loops of rat jejunum. In control perfusions and those with luminal purines or purine nucleosides, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) revealed uric acid as the only detectable purine in ...
Lojek A - - 1993
Antioxidative effects of nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) on murine bone marrow phagocytes were studied using luminol- and lucigenin-amplified chemiluminescence (CL). NDGA applied in vitro strongly suppressed the opsonized zymosan particles stimulated CL response in a dose-dependent manner (in concentrations of 0.3-30 micrograms NDGA/ml), thus confirming its antioxidant activity. However, no effects ...
Saris S D - - 1993
3-Methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)-1-indoleoctanoic acid (CGS-12970) is a reversible thromboxane synthase inhibitor that was noted to lower serum uric acid during preliminary trials in humans. Our clinical research unit studied 20 healthy male volunteers who received two doses of CGS-12970 12 hours apart (100, 200, 300, or 400 mg twice a day). Four ...
Ward V L - - 1993
The present study was carried out to determine if iron chloride (FeCl3) injections into the substantia nigra of guinea-pigs produced changes in nigro-striatal uric acid levels. Two-weeks following unilateral injection of FeCl3 (185 nmol Fe3+), ipsilateral uric acid levels were increased 176% over contralateral levels in the substantia nigra. No ...
Boyd R E - - 1993
If Dr. Sydenham could have benefited from today's therapy, he likely would not have had to endure thirty years of "violent ... torture" that gave birth to his most elegant and classic description of acute gout. The five key points to remember in management of the gouty spectrum are: (1) ...
Harrington J P - - 1993
1. Spectral analysis of the Soret region (450-350 nm) has shown that saturated fatty acids, alkyl ureas and urea induce the conversion of methemoglobins A, S, and F to the hemichrome state. 2. In the presence of fatty acids (C8-C16), methemoglobin F is converted to the hemichrome state more readily ...
Kock R - - 1993
A method was developed for the simultaneous determination of hypoxanthine, xanthine, uric acid and allantoin based on isocratic reversed-phase chromatography. This HPLC-method additionally allows the direct determination with UV-detection of inosine-5'-phosphate, uridine, thymine, orotic acid, allopurinol and oxipurinol, besides hypoxanthine, xanthine and uric acid in the same chromatographic run. Allantoin ...
Brückner H H Institute of Food Technology, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, - - 1993
A capillary gas chromatographic method, using the chiral stationary phase Chirasil-L-Val, after treatment and isolation with Dowex 50W X8 cation exchanger and conversion into trifluoroacetyl-1-propyl esters or pentafluoropropionyl-1 (or 2)-propyl esters, has been developed for the determination of the relative amounts of free D-amino acids in the blood serum of ...
Størmer F C - - 1993
Literature on case reports, clinical studies and biochemical mechanisms of the sweet-tasting compound glycyrrhizic acid in liquorice was critically reviewed to provide a safety assessment of its presence in liquorice sweets. A high intake of liquorice can cause hypermineralocorticoidism with sodium retention and potassium loss, oedema, increased blood pressure and ...
Elsayed N M - - 1993
Changes in O2 tension such as those associated with hypoxic ischemia or hyperoxia may potentially modulate purine nucleotide turnover and production of associated catabolites. We used an isolated perfused rat lung preparation to evaluate the effect of O2 tension on pulmonary uric acid production. Three O2 concentrations (21%, normoxia; 95%, ...
Rechav Y - - 1993
The concentrations of sodium, potassium, chloride, urea, creatinine, uric acid, total protein, albumin, inorganic phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, cholesterol, triglyceride, glucose, aspartate and alanine transaminases (AST and ALT), creatine kinase (CK), lactic acid dehydrogenase (LD), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and total bilirubin in the serum of a captive population of ...
Kotake T - - 1993
The information concerning the relationship of hypouricemia with urinary tract stones is limited. We investigated the incidence and types of hypouricemia, and also studied its relationship to urinary tract stones. Hypouricemia was detected in 3 out of 1520 outpatients (0.20%). The loading tests using pyrazinamide, probenecid and benzbromarone showed that ...
Barajas de Frutos D - - 1993
Hypouricaemia due to an isolated renal tubular defect is a rare condition. Several members from an affected family are described. The propositus is a 12-year-old girl with hypouricaemia (0.7-1.1 mg/dl) and increased fractional excretion of uric acid (50%). Pyrazinamide and sulphinpyrazone tests revealed an attenuated response in this subject to ...
Hikida M - - 1993
Comparison has been made on the stability of 4 carbapenems and 3 penems against porcine renal dehydropeptidase-I (DHP-I). Evaluated were the carbapenems (5R,6S)-3-[[2-(formimidoylamino)ethyl]thio]-6-[(R)-1-hydroxyethyl] - 7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid monohydrate, CAS 74431-23-5, in the following called FAC, (5R,6S)-3-[(S)-1-(acetimidoylpyrrolidin-3-yl)thio]-6-[(R)-1- hydroxyethyl]-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0] hept-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid, CAS 87726-17-8, in the following called AHC, (4R,5S,6S)-3-[[(3S,5S)-5-dimethylcarbamoylpyrrolidin-3-yl]thio]-6- [(1R)-1-hydroxyethyl]-4-methyl-7-oxo-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]hept-2-ene-2- carboxylic acid trihydrate, ...
Hicks M - - 1993
The aim of the present study was to separate and characterise products formed by oxidation of uric acid by hydroxyl radicals with a view to probing for these products in vivo in clinical contexts. Aerated solutions of 200 microM uric acid, or its oxidation products, allantoin or parabanic acid, were ...
Prospert F - - 1993
The mechanisms responsible for the increased renal clearance of uric acid in the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) are not fully clarified. Studies using either pyrazinamide or probenecid, or both drugs but at an interval of several days, could not undoubtedly distinguish the 'hypersecretory theory' from the ...
Yamamoto T - - 1993
To investigate whether or not lactic acid inhibits the renal transport of oxypurines and oxypurinol, we administered physiological saline containing 0.2 mol sodium lactate to 5 normal subjects intravenously. Lactate infusion decreased the fractional clearance of uric acid, but the fractional clearances of hypoxanthine, xanthine and oxypurinol were not affected. ...
Currell D L - - 1993
Human oxyhemoglobin reacts with mellitic dianhydride to produce a modified protein which shows a reduced oxygen affinity over a wide pH range, a reduced but significant cooperativity, a reduced Bohr effect and no response to the allosteric effectors: chloride, clofibric acid or inositol hexaphosphate. The amount of crosslinking in the ...
Guadalupe T - - 1992
We have previously developed a microcomputer-assisted curve-fitting method for measuring the components of the mixed electrochemical signals recorded by differential normal pulse voltammetry in the living brain. It was initially used for resolution of the dopamine and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid components of the catechol signal (peak 2). This report shows how ...
Ballantine D S DS - - 1992
An optical waveguide sensor for the detection of acid vapors is described. The chemically sensitive reagent coating consists of bromothymol blue indicator suspended in a Nafion polymer film. The sensor uses a 562 nm LED source and a phototransistor detector. Response to hydrochloric acid and hydrogen sulphide vapours is both ...
Almuaibed A M - - 1992
Flow injection methods for the individual and simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid and uric acid are proposed. A spectrophotometer and a miniamperometric detector are connected in sequence. The calibration graphs for uric acid obtained by measuring its absorbance at 293 nm and its current at +0.6 V are linear up ...
Gulian J M - - 1992
A comparative study of 24 hr preservation at 4 degrees C of excised rat livers with Euro-Collins and hydroxyethyl starch-free University of Wisconsin (UWm) solutions has been conducted based on the assessment of (1) the cellular energy status determined by 31P NMR spectroscopy and (2) cellular injury estimated from the ...
Giesecke D - - 1992
1. The activity of xanthine oxidase in liver samples of baby pigs up to 4 weeks of age was investigated. On the 3rd day of life the turnover of hypoxanthine and of uric acid were measured after intravenous injection of 3H- and 14C-labelled tracers into animals kept at normal (32 ...
Kauffmann J M - - 1992
The electrochemical behaviour of tizanidine [5-chloro(delta-2-imidazolinyl-2-amino)-4-benzothiadiazole-2,1,3], a centrally-active skeletal muscle relaxant has been investigated in aqueous media at the carbon paste electrode (CPE). Cyclic voltammetry at different pH values, controlled potential coulometry and comparative studies on three structurally related molecules have permitted identification of the oxidation site of tizanidine and ...
Thurston G D - - 1992
An automated sequential sampling system for the measurement of particulate acid aerosols was developed in order to allow the routine collection of daily samples with only once-per-week site visits. The system's design, operation, and associated quality assurance (QA), quality control (QC), and data validation procedures are described. Results from a ...
Budillon G - - 1992
The intravenous administration of fructose in healthy subjects may induce an increase of blood uric acid and the urinary excretion of urate and xanthine as a result of hepatic adenosine triphosphate (ATP) breakdown. These changes are partially reversed by ATP resynthesis. We studied the effect of fructose load (0.5 g/kg ...
Alexopoulos E - - 1992
BACKGROUND: Although uric acid clearance increases during gestation, uric acid nephropathy is a rare cause of acute renal failure in the pregnant woman. CASE: A 38-year-old woman experienced acute renal failure due to acute uric acid nephropathy at 30 weeks' gestation. The diagnosis was based on extreme hyperuricemia and an ...
Kumar S - - 1992
Eleven patients with radiolucent urinary calculi were treated with shock wave lithotripsy. Nine of these patients experienced successful fragmentation of their stones and subsequent spontaneous passage of the calculi fragments. The majority of the stones were composed of uric acid alone or a mixture of uric acid and calcium oxalate. ...
Grochow L B - - 1992
Topotecan, a semisynthetic water-soluble analog of camptothecin, is the first topoisomerase I-directed drug to enter clinical trial in the United States in over 20 yr. In this study, 30-min infusions of topotecan were administered daily for 5 days every 3 weeks at doses ranging from 0.5 to 2.5 mg/m2. Topotecan ...
Piketty M L - - 1992
The two-step enzymatic immunoassay of free thyroxine (IMx FT4, Abbott Laboratories, Chicago, IL) was studied in three centres. The assay involved a fluorimetric measurement and took 45 minutes using a completely automated procedure. The results were compared with those from the free thyroxine two-step radioimmunoassay and with the "calculation" of ...
Vanholder R C - - 1992
To validate azotemic markers as an index for intradialytic changes in solute concentration, we compared eight solutes (pseudouridine, xanthine, hypoxanthine, peak 4, peak 5, p-hydroxyhippuric acid, indoxyl sulfate, and hippuric acid) with five classical azotemic markers (urea, creatinine, uric acid, phosphate, and potassium). We determined concentrations by reversed-phase HPLC coupled ...
Decaux G - - 1992
In cirrhotic patients without renal failure, salt retention could result from a decreased effective intravascular volume or could be a primary event leading to increased intravascular volume. Clearance of urea and uric acid depend on an effective intravascular volume. In the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH)--a state ...
Di Stefano A - - 1992
A simple procedure is described for the assay of liver uric acid and allantoin and their specific radioactivity after administration of a radioactive precursor. Uric acid was quantified by the uricase reaction in liver trichloroacetic acid (TCA) extracts. The 'true' allantoin content of the liver could be estimated only after ...
Chugtai M N - - 1992
Uric acid stones are the most readily dissolvable of all types of urinary stones. By maintaining urinary pH between 6.2-6.8 with the use of sodium acid citrate or uralyt-U and reducing serum uric acid by allopurinol, we tried to dissolve 107 stones in 67 patients. Ninety three (86.9%) stones were ...
Klasen R - - 1992
The dependence of tartaric acid production by Gluconobacter oxydans ssp. oxydans ATCC 19357 and G. oxydans ssp. suboxydans ATCC 621 on vanadate was investigated. It was found with both organisms that trataric acid could only be produced in a medium containing vanadate (NH(4)VO(3)). A proposed intermediate of the tartaric acid ...
Moelby L - - 1992
During a 3 month period we measured serum methylmalonic acid concentrations monthly in 37 patients, all on chronic haemodialysis because of end-stage kidney disease. Concentrations of methylmalonic acid in serum were above the upper reference limit in 36 of the 37 subjects. All patients were in regular cobalamin therapy, with ...
Brulé D - - 1992
The effect of ingesting some purine-rich foods (beef liver, haddock fillets and soybeans) on uric acid metabolism was investigated in 18 male subjects with no history of gout or kidney disorder. In a crossover design, three isoenergetic and isonitrogenous meals were fed to volunteers during a 3-week period. Only the ...
Bonsett C A - - 1992
Clinical evidence is presented supporting the hypothesis that the metabolic abnormality in the dystrophin-defective muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD) involves the ATP pathway. Objective laboratory data show corrective trends in the abnormal values of parameters relating to creatine and calcium metabolism (ATP) by use of glucagon-stimulated c-AMP and by use ...
Ackerman B H - - 1992
Release rate constants and disappearance rate constants were determined for three atrial natriuretic peptides consisting of amino acids 1-98 (i.e., proANF 1-98), the midportion of the ANF prohormone consisting of amino acids 31-67 (i.e., proANF 31-67) and amino acids 99-126 (i.e., ANF) after right ventricular pacing at 100, 125, 150, ...
Shinosaki T - - 1992
An apparent circadian rhythm of plasma uric acid and the effect of handling stress on plasma uric acid level in conscious cebus monkeys were demonstrated. The lowest level of plasma uric acid in the circadian rhythm occurred early in the morning and the highest, before bedtime at night. With experimental ...
Schalhorn A - - 1992
This article deals with the pharmacokinetics of fluorouracil (5-FU) and folinic acid (CHO-THF). 5-FU kinetics are characterized by short serum half-life times of 4.5 to 13 minutes. The high body clearance is mainly caused by a rapid catabolism of 5-FU to dihydrofluorouracil (FUH2), alpha-fluoro-ureidopropionic acid (FUPA), and to alpha-fluoro-beta-alanine (FBAL). ...
Láznícek M - - 1992
The effect of lipophilicity on the renal clearance for a group of weak organic acids (benzoic, phenylacetic and hippuric acid derivatives) was studied in rabbits, rats and mice. These compounds are eliminated in the kidney by glomerular filtration and undergo both tubular secretion and tubular reabsorption. For quantification of the ...
Cross C E - - 1992
The reaction of ozone (O3) with human blood plasma was studied to help understand possible events that could occur in the respiratory tract. Uric acid (quantitatively the most important scavenger) and ascorbic acid were oxidized quickly, protein-SH groups were lost more slowly, and there was no loss of bilirubin or ...
Kroll K K Center for Bioengineering, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 1992
Much of the adenosine formed in the heart is degraded by endothelial enzymes to uric acid, which is exported across the coronary capillary endothelial cell membrane before renal excretion. Because previous experiments suggested that cell permeability for uric acid is either very high (similar to water) or very low, multiple ...
Watts M E - - 1992
Flavone acetic acid (FAA) causes significant regression of larger established tumours in murine in vivo systems. This in vivo effect of FAA has been shown to include a vascular component. In an effort to elucidate the mechanism of action of FAA, we have studied the effects of FAA on the ...
Smolander M - - 1992
An enzyme electrode was constructed for amperometric determination of xylose and glucose. The electrode is based on the PQQ-dependent membrane-bound aldose dehydrogenase (ALDH) from Gluconobacter oxydans. ALDH was covalently immobilized on a graphite electrode. Immobilized dimethylferrocene, soluble ferrocene carboxylic acid and phenazine methosulphate were used as electron transfer mediators. When ...
Langemann H - - 1992
The levels of the antioxidants ascorbic acid, cysteine, reduced glutathione and alpha-tocopherol, of the free-radical marker uric acid and of the amino acids tyrosine and tryptophan were measured by means of high-pressure liquid chromatography in plaques, adjacent white matter and distant white matter from patients with multiple sclerosis, and in ...
Passananti G T - - 1992
Pyrazinoylguanidine (PZG), 3-aminopyrazinoylguanidine (NH2PZG) and their pyrazinoic acid metabolites were measured by a new reverse-phase HPLC method in the serum of dogs and humans after administration of PZG, NH2PZG or 2-pyrazinoic acid (PZA). Kinetic properties of PZG and its principal metabolite, PZA, were studied in normal humans and also in ...
Thomas M J - - 1992
The human polymorphonuclear leukocyte generates O2-. and H2O2 when it is treated with uric acid. A transition metal catalyzed reaction between O2-. and H2O2 can give the hydroxyl radical and myeloperoxidase forms hypochlorous acid from H2O2 and chloride. Therefore, the uric acid-induced secretion of oxidants may be responsible for a ...
Luke D R - - 1992
Although suprofen has been associated with the development of acute renal failure in greater than 100 subjects, the mechanism of damage remains unclear. The direct nephrotoxic effects of a single dose of 15 mg of suprofen were compared in the recirculating isolated rat kidney perfused with cell-free buffer with or ...
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