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Dürken M - - 2000
To analyze the effects of radiochemotherapy on the pro-oxidative/antioxidative balance in plasma, we measured the total radical antioxidant parameter of plasma (TRAP) and single plasma antioxidants (uric acid, sulfhydryl groups, alpha-tocopherol, ubiquinone-10/total coenzyme-Q10 ratio, ascorbate, and bilirubin) every 12 h during high-dose chemotherapy and radiochemotherapy preceding bone marrow transplantation (BMT). ...
Wilk J B - - 2000
Segregation analysis was performed on the serum uric acid measurements from 523 randomly ascertained Caucasian families from the NHLBI Family Heart Study. Gender-specific standardized residuals were used as the phenotypic variable in both familial correlation and segregation analysis. Uric acid residuals were adjusted for age, age2, age3, body mass index ...
Gonz?lez-Ortiz M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of valsartan on renal handling of uric acid in healthy subjects. METHODS: A randomized, single-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed in twelve healthy volunteers. Six received a morning dose of valsartan 80 mg orally during 14 to 21 days and the other six received placebo. ...
Vento G - - 2000
The effect of O2 exposure, expressed by mean daily fractional inspired oxygen concentration (FiO2), was evaluated during the first 6 d of life in the tracheobronchial aspirate fluid of 16 mechanically ventilated preterm infants in terms of both antioxidant response and oxidative damage, by measuring total antioxidant activity, uric acid ...
Wallaart T E - - 2000
The time course of the levels of artemisinin, its biosynthetic precursors and the biosynthetically related sesquiterpenes was monitored during a vegetation period of Artemisia annua plants of different geographical origin. Considerable differences in contents of artemisinin and its direct precursors artemisinic acid and dihydroartemisinic acid were found between these A. ...
Wajcman H - - 2000
Two new fetal hemoglobin variants affecting the Ggamma chain are reported. Hb F-Clamart was found during investigation of a French newborn who presented with a mild microcytemia. The second variant was found during neonatal screening for hemoglobinopathies of 30,000 babies from a population-at-risk living in the Paris region. It was ...
Milionis H J - - 2000
A number of studies have shown that hyperuricaemia is associated with an increased incidence of coronary heart disease. It has been proposed that the elevated serum uric acid levels are linked to other risk factors, such as hypertension, dyslipidaemia and diabetes. Hyperuricaemia is commonly encountered in patients with essential hypertension ...
Praga M - - 2000
We report 12 patients belonging to five different families in whom persistent isolated microhematuria was associated with hypercalciuria and/or hyperuricosuria. Four patients had episodes of gross hematuria, three patients had passed renal stones, and a history of nephrolithiasis was obtained in four of the families (80%). Calcium oxalate and uric ...
Rofe A M - - 2000
The influence of hepatic metallothionein (MT) and zinc (Zn) on glycolysis was investigated in primary cultures of mouse hepatocytes prepared from MT-normal (+/+) and MT-null (-/-) mice. In MT +/+ mice, a close relationship was observed between the Zn concentration in the incubation medium (10-150 microM), increased MT levels in ...
Alessandri B - - 2000
The effects of the neuroprotective aminosteroid U74006F (tirilazad mesylate, Freedox) were monitored microdialytically in rat cortex during three 4h periods beginning immediately, 25h and 49h after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion. Either U74006F or vehicle only was administered 15 min, 2h, 6h, 12h and 24h after operation. The dialysate was ...
Zuo M - - 2000
A common mutation, C677T, in the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR) reduces the activity of MTHFR and increases total homocysteine levels in plasma. Increased homocysteine levels are reportedly associated with high serum uric acid levels. The relationship between the MTHFR mutation and uric acid metabolism remains unclear, however. To investigate ...
Sun Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between uric acid and patterns of osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: OA patterns were studied in 809 patients with arthroplasty due to hip or knee OA. Patients with OA were categorized as having bilateral or generalized OA according to the presence of radiographic OA in the contralateral ...
Tayasu I - - 2000
Nitrogen and carbon stable isotope ratios and uric acid concentrations in termites sampled from a dry evergreen forest in Thailand, were determined across three kinds of feeding habits. Feeding habits of Microcerotermes crassus, which is an abundant wood-feeder, and Dicuspiditermes makhamensis, a common soil-feeding termite, were confirmed by isotopic signatures. ...
Jemal M - - 1999
A method for the simultaneous quantitation of cerivastatin (acid) and its biotransformation products, cerivastatin lactone, M-1 (acid), M-1 lactone, M-23 (acid), M-23 lactone, M-24 (acid) and M-24 lactone, in human serum by high-performance liquid chromatography (LC) with positive ion electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS) was developed and validated. The method ...
Lai S W - - 1999
In order to understand the distribution of serum uric acid and the relationship between serum uric acid and the cardiovascular risk factor among elderly people, a cross-sectional study was conducted in Chung-Shing-Shin-Tseun community in Taiwan in May 1998. All individuals aged 65 and over were collected. A total of 1123 ...
Weber S U - - 1999
The stratum corneum has been recognized as the main cutaneous oxidation target of atmospheric ozone (O3), a major part of photochemical smog. This study reports the presence and distribution of vitamin C, glutathione, and uric acid in murine stratum corneum, and evaluates their susceptibility to acute environmental exposure to O3. ...
Raschka C - - 1999
Fumaric acid preparations are used as longterm and effective treatment of psoriasis. Apart from gastrointestinal, dermatological and hematological side-effects, transient renal damage was observed during treatment with fumaric acid. The case of a 38 year old woman who was treated with fumaric acid (420 mg bid) for 5 years before ...
Johnson S - - 1999
Gout affects mostly males over 40 years old and, occasionally, postmenopausal women. This pattern coincides with the pattern of iron accumulation. On the other hand, menstruating women are seldom afflicted by gout, because the monthly blood loss causes them to accumulate iron to a much lesser degree. Gout involves seven ...
Lee D K - - 1999
Allopurinol was formulated into injectable and suppository dosage forms. The injectable formulation was prepared by dissolving allopurinol in a cosolvent system consisting of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and propylene glycol (v/v = 50/50). The stability of allopurinol in the cosolvent system was studied under accelerated storage conditions, and results indicate first-order ...
Wolf G - - 1999
Hyperuricemia is a common finding in patients with malignant diseases. Chemotherapy can induce life-threatening tumor lysis syndrome with severe hyperuricemia, other metabolic abnormalities, and acute renal failure. Intrarenal precipitation of uric acid contributes to renal insufficiency in this situation. Allopurinol, by preventing the conversion of hypoxanthine and xanthine to uric ...
Fuentes-Arderiu X - - 1999
It is customary to assume that pre-metrological variation is negligible if all pre-metrological sources of variation have been standardised. The aim of this study was to quantify the pre-metrological variation of some biochemical quantities frequently measured in clinical laboratories. The experimental design considers the different sources of pre-metrological variation that ...
Zielinski H - - 1999
Oxidative stress may be a fundamental mode of injury associated with inspired particles. To examine this, we determined the ability of three carbon black particles (CBPs; M120, M880, and R250) and two forms of silicon dioxide, amorphous (Cabosil) and crystalline (DQ12) quartz, to deplete epithelium lining fluid antioxidant defenses. Single ...
Davis J C JC - - 1999
Gouty arthritis is the culmination of a number of physiologic mechanisms that ultimately result in deposition of uric acid within joints and soft tissues. Decreased uric acid clearance through the kidney is the most common cause of gout. Tophaceous gout occurs in less than 10% of patients. Acute episodes are ...
Nakaminami T - - 1999
A biomimetic bilayer membrane immobilizing uricase (urate oxidase; EC 1.7.3.3) (UOx) and a redox agent of 1-methoxy-5-methylphenazinium (MMP) was fabricated on an Au electrode substrate with use of the Au substrate coated with a self-assembled monolayer of n-octanethiolate (OT/Au) and L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine beta-oleoyl-gamma-palmitoyl (PCOP). The preparation was carried out by successively ...
Prakash S - - 1999
Lowering of plasma Mg, P, Na, Cl, uric acid, cholesterol, and creatinine is required in renal failure and other diseases. In this preliminary report, we studied the ability of artificial cells microencapsulated genetically engineered E. coli DH5 cells in lower K, Mg, P, Na, Cl, uric acid, cholestrol, creatinine, and ...
Mertens M J - - 1999
We have studied the influence of eltanolone on intraoperative alfentanil requirements in 18 female patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery receiving target-controlled infusions of eltanolone and alfentanil. While target concentrations of eltanolone were maintained constant, target concentrations of alfentanil changed in response to the presence or absence of responses. With serum ...
Ashihara H - - 1999
Leaves of Coffea salvatrix, Coffea eugenioides, and C. bengalensis contain approximately 3-7-fold lower levels of caffeine than those of Coffea arabica. There was more extensive biosynthesis of caffeine from [8-(14)C]adenine in young leaves of C. arabica than in C. salvatrix, C. eugenioides, and C. bengalensis. Degradation of [8-(14)C]caffeine, which is ...
Eliasen H - - 1999
Lactose monohydrate was melt agglomerated in an 8-l high shear mixer using stearic acid, polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3000, and a mixture of stearic acid and glycerol monostearate as meltable binders. Electrostatic charging during processing at relative air humidities of 35 and 75%, respectively, was estimated from the voltage of a ...
Yamada H - - 1999
In the initial phase of clinical studies, it was shown that E3040, a new type of anti-inflammatory drug, reduced plasma uric acid levels. The present study describes a comparison of the excretion of uric acid in the proximal tubules of the kidney after administration of E3040 and its conjugates, sulphate ...
Sloof G W - - 1999
Myocardial metabolism of 17-[123I]-iodoheptadecanoic acid (IHDA), 15-(p-[131I]-iodophenyl)pentadecanoic acid (pIPPA) and 15-(p-[125I]-iodophenyl)-3,3-dimethylpentadecanoic acid (DMIPP) was assessed during ischemia and hypoxia. The simultaneous investigation allowed us to evaluate differences in metabolic handling of these three fatty acids. METHODS: In 17 open-chest dogs, the left ascending coronary artery was cannulated and extracorporeal bypass ...
Elisaf M - - 1999
It has been reported that micronized fenofibrate and losartan can significantly decrease serum uric acid levels by augmenting uric acid excretion. We undertook this study to evaluate the effects of the combination treatment with micronized fenofibrate and losartan in nondiabetic hypertensive dyslipidemic patients with hyperuricemia (serum uric acid, >7 mg/ ...
Moriwaki Y - - 1999
Urinary excretion of uric acid was found to be extremely low in a 58-year-old female patient with alcaptonuria. This was due to interference with the uricase-peroxidase method used, because analysis using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed a normal urinary concentration of uric acid. In vitro experiments demonstrated that a high ...
Kammeyer A - - 1999
UV-exposure of the epidermis leads to the isomerisation of trans-UCA into cis-UCA as well as to the generation of hydroxyl radicals. This study shows by means of the deoxyribose degradation test that UCA isomers are more powerful hydroxyl radical scavengers than the other 4-(5-)substituted imidazole derivatives, such as histidine, though ...
Kondakova I - - 1999
Uric acid is the most important non-enzymatic antioxidant present in human saliva. There is a great variability among individuals, both in salivary uric acid content and saliva total reactive antioxidant potential (TRAP). The uric acid present in saliva correlates with plasma uric acid, suggesting that the former is imported from ...
Mudway I S - - 1999
To obtain information on the real-time events occurring within human respiratory tract lining fluids (RTLFs) during ozone exposure, sequential nasal lavage was performed on 13 human volunteers exposed on separate occasions to 0.2 parts per million O3 and filtered air (2-h exposures, with intermittent exercise). Nasal lavage was performed and ...
Zappacosta B - - 1999
Concentrations of glutathione, uric acid and total antioxidant activity, expressed as Trolox (a water-soluble vitamin E analogue) equivalent, were measured in the saliva of healthy non-smokers and smokers before and just after smoking a single cigarette. There was no statistically significant difference between smokers and non-smokers in uric acid concentrations ...
Kalaiselvi P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of urinary uric acid-binding proteins of controls and stone formers on calcium oxalate crystal nucleation and aggregation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urine samples were collected over 24 h from 20 stone formers and from 20 age-matched normal controls. Uric acid crystallization was induced by adding equal ...
Otero R - - 1999
A randomized blinded clinical trial was performed in 53 patients bitten by Bothrops sp. and Porthidium sp. in Antioquia and Chocó, Colombia, in order to compare the efficacy and safety of two antivenoms made of whole IgG obtained by either ammonium sulphate (monovalent anti-B. atrox) or caprylic acid (polyvalent) fractionation. ...
Nakaminami T - - 1999
Electrochemical oxidation of uric acid catalyzed by uricase (uric acid oxidase, UOx; EC 1.7.3.3) was studied using several redox compounds including 5-methylphenazinium (MP) and 1-methoxy-5-methylphenazinium (MMP) as electron acceptors for UOx, which does not contain any redox cofactor. It was found that MP and MMP were useful to mediate electrons ...
Bhargava A K - - 1999
Commercially available uricase and peroxidase have been immobilized onto alkylamine glass and arylamine glass beads respectively. A discrete method has been developed to determine uric acid in serum using immobilized uricase and peroxidase. The method is based on generation of H2O2 from serum uric acid by immobilized uricase and its ...
Lee K K - - 1999
Protease and virulence of the extracellular products (ECP) of Vibrio carchariae strain EmI82KL, a causative agent of gastroenteritis in Epinephelus coioides, cultured on different media were studied. The bacteria grown on peptone agar, nutrient agar or brain heart infusion agar produced higher protease activities than that grown on tryptic soy ...
Fernandes T R - - 1999
The heterogeneity of the liver parenchyma in relation to uric acid production from adenosine was investigated using the bivascularly perfused rat liver in the anterograde and retrograde modes. Adenosine was infused in livers from fed rats during 20 min at four different concentrations (20, 50, 100 and 200 microM) according ...
Pinsuwan S - - 1999
A spectrophotometric technique was used to determine the acidity constants of 4-dedimethylamino sancycline (Col-3), a new antitumor drug. The apparent pKa values of Col-3 in 0.5% methanol aqueous media at approximately 25 degrees C with a constant ionic strength of 0.2 were calculated manually and graphically to be 5.64 +/- ...
Raber W - - 1999
Serum uric acid concentration (sUA) and hyperthyroidism have been reported to positively correlate with each other. Furthermore, epidemiological data indicate that uric acid may be an independent risk factor for hypertension-associated morbidity and mortality. To evaluate whether screening for hyperuricaemia might be worthwhile in patients with hyperthyroidism we determined serum ...
Grases F - - 1999
A study of ammonium and sodium urate precipitation in vitro and the fine structure of several urate renal calculi was carried out to contribute to an understanding of the participation of ammonium and sodium urates in urolithiasis. Ammonium urate precipitated in vitro in two different morphologies: a typical spherulite morphology ...
Leaderer B P - - 1999
Twenty-four-hour samples of PM10 (mass of particles with aerodynamic diameter < or = 10 microm), PM2.5, (mass of particles with aerodynamic diameter < or = 2.5 microm), particle strong acidity (H+), sulfate (SO42-), nitrate (NO3-), ammonia (NH3), nitrous acid (HONO), and sulfur dioxide were collected inside and outside of 281 ...
Vesley D - - 1999
Most endoscopy clinics use 2% glutaraldehyde as a high-level disinfectant for reprocessing flexible endoscopes. However, even with contact times greater than 30 minutes, survival of organisms has been documented. We compared the high-level disinfection capabilities of glutaraldehyde (45-minute immersion) with a new peracetic acid germicide (20- to 25-minute immersion). Channels, ...
Vidal J C - - 1999
Three different glucose oxidase biosensors for the enzymatic determination of glucose, based on bilayer polymer coatings consisting of polypyrrole (PPy) and poly(o-phenylenediamine), were developed. The electrode substrates are Pt metal, carbon paste and an organic conducting salt (tetrathiafulvalene-tetracyanoquinodimethane), which introduces appreciable variability in the electrode construction process. The three sensors ...
Soble J J - - 1999
PURPOSE: We reevaluate the demographic and metabolic risk factors for ammonium acid urate stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 1986, 23 women and 21 men ranging in age from 20 to 81 years (mean 48.7) were treated for stones partly composed of ammonium acid urate. Stone composition ranged from 2 to ...
Tagawa Y - - 1999
Connolly et al. [Neurology 48 (1997) 243] reported that IgM M-proteins from three patients selectively binds to an epitope on beta-tubulin that consists of amino acids 301 to 314. We therefore investigated whether these 14 amino acid residues beta301-314 are the target epitope for serum IgMs in sera from 67 ...
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