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Helbig Florian - - 2002
On searching for endogenous, low-molecular-weight effectors of benzodiazepine alkaloid biosynthesis in Penicillium cyclopium uric acid was isolated from ethanolic or autoclaved mycelial extracts of this fungus. The isolation was based on a three-step high-pressure liquid chromatography procedure guided by a microplate bioassay, and uric acid was identified by mass spectrometry ...
Boring C Bradley - - 2002
We present a new fully automated instrument for the measurement of acid gases and soluble anionic constituents of atmospheric particulate matter. The instrument operates in two independent parallel channels. In one channel, a wet denuder collects soluble acid gases; these are analyzed by anion chromatography (IC). In a second channel, ...
Engel Wolfgang - - 2002
High-resolution gas chromatography in combination with mass spectrometry and high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to determine the positions and extent of labeling in the metabolites of carvone, namely in alpha,4-dimethyl-5-oxo-3-cyclohexene-1-acetic acid (dihydrocarvonic acid), alpha-methylene-4-methyl-5-oxo-3-cyclohexene-1-acetic acid (carvonic acid), and 5-(1,2-dihydroxy-1-methylethyl)-2-methyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one (uroterpenolone), after human ingestion of 9,9-dideutero- and 9-(13)C-carvone. Carvonic acid was ...
Fanguy Joseph C - - 2002
Clinical studies have linked irregular concentrations of uric acid in urine to several diseases. Conventional methods for the measurement of uric acid are however temperature-dependent, expensive, and require labile reagents. The miniaturization of analytical techniques, specifically capillary electrophoresis, offers an ideal alternative for clinical analyses such as uric acid determination. ...
Cana-Cascallar Luis C - - 2002
Spanish European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) stations were selected to relate acid rain episodes with the meteorological structure that caused the rainfall during a 5-year period. A principal component analysis (PCA) was used to determine the origin of major ions (SO4(2-), NO3-, Cl-, Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, and Na+) in ...
Bytnerowicz Andrzej - - 2002
In August and September 1999 and 2000, concentrations of ozone (O3) and nitric acid vapor (HNO3) were monitored at an elevation gradient (2184-3325 m) on the Mammoth Mountain, eastern Sierra Nevada, California. Passive samplers were used for monitoring exposure to tropospheric O3 and HNO3 vapor. The 2-week average O3 concentrations ...
Sun Zhirong - - 2002
Wastewater minimization in phenylacetaldehyde production by using indirect electrochemical oxidation of phenylethane instead of the seriously polluting traditional chemical process is described in this paper. Results show that high current efficiency of Mn(III) and high yield of phenylacetaldehyde can be obtained at the same sulfuric acid concentration (60%). The electrolytic ...
Toyomizu Masaaki - - 2002
We have previously shown that anacardic acid has an uncoupling effect on oxidative phosphorylation in rat liver mitochondria using succinate as a substrate (Life Sci. 66 (2000) 229-234). In the present study, for clarification of the physicochemical characteristics of anacardic acid, we used a cyanine dye (DiS-C3(5)) and 9-aminoacridine (9-AA) ...
Ching Hui - - 2002
To investigate the effects of honey on the pharmacokinetics of glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetic acid, administration of glycyrrhizin or glycyrrhetic acid with and without honey was carried out in rabbits in a randomized crossover design. An in vitro study using rabbit fecal flora was employed to elucidate the mechanism of the ...
Bickel Christoph - - 2002
It is a matter of controversy as to whether uric acid is an independent predictor of mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or whether it represents only an indirect marker of adverse outcome by reflecting the association between uric acid and other cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, we studied ...
Petibois Cyril - - 2002
Top-level performances in endurance sports require several years of hard training loads. A major objective of this endurance training is to reach the most elevated metabolic adaptations the athlete will be able to support. As a consequence, overtraining is a recurrent problem that highly-trained athletes may experience during their career. ...
Matsubara Miyao - - 2002
The serum uric acid level has been said to be an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease death, mainly for women, and to be linked with the metabolic Syndrome X of insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Recently, it has been suggested that the elevation of serum leptin, the ob gene ...
Poore M W - - 2002
Ambient air monitoring for PM2.5 has been conducted on a daily basis at the Fresno, CA, supersite since 1999. It has been found that PM2.5 concentrations routinely exceed the National Ambient Air Quality Standards during the winter months. In an effort to determine the effect of biomass burning on PM2.5 ...
McLetchie N G - - 2002
The remarkable discovery that a single injection of alloxan can produce diabetes mellitus in laboratory animals was made in 1942, in Glasgow, by John Shaw Dunn and Norman McLetchie. Alloxan, a simple nitrogenous organic compound, had made a long journey to get to Glasgow - it belongs to the very ...
Harr Kendal E - - 2002
Birds have evolved alternate physiologic strategies to contend with dehydration, starvation, malnutrition, and reproduction. Basic anatomic and functional differences between birds and mammals impact clinical chemistry values and their evaluation. Interpretation of the results of standard biochemical analyses, including BUN, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatine kinase, gamma glutamyltransferase, bilirubin, ammonia, ...
Yoneyama Yoshio - - 2002
The present study investigated plasma activity of 5'-nucleotidase, a key enzyme in the production of adenosine, in pre-eclampsia, and evaluated the relationship between changes in 5'-nucleotidase activity, and levels of uric acid, endproduct of the purine metabolism, and the severity of pre-eclampsia. We measured plasma 5'-nucleotidase activities and uric acid ...
Lee Joseph M - - 2002
Peroxynitrite reacts with 2'-deoxyguanosine to yield several major products, including 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) and 8-nitroguanine (8-nitroGua). While the terminal products formed during the reaction of 8-oxodG with peroxynitrite have been previously characterized, those formed from 8-nitroGua have not. To identify these products, 9-ethyl-8-nitroxanthine was used as a model for 8-nitroGua, since ...
Kirschvink Nathalie - - 2002
The phenomenon of ozone tolerance is described, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We tested whether adaptation to multiday ozone exposure was related to an upregulated pulmonary antioxidant defence. Six calves were exposed to 0.75 ppm ozone, 12 h day(-1) for seven consecutive days. Pulmonary function tests and bronchoalveolar lavage ...
Zagone Robin L - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To independently test previously reported findings of cyanide evolution under holmium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Ho:YAG) (holmium) lithotripsy of uric acid calculi, determine if this occurs with other forms of intracorporeal lithotripsy, and establish if this occurs due to a photothermal, photochemical, or photoacoustic reaction. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Moor E - - 2001
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are a major cause of secondary brain injury following head trauma. Low molecular weight antioxidants (LMWA) protect the tissue against oxidative damage caused by ROS. In the present study, we measured the extracellular levels of the LMWA ascorbic acid and uric acid in the rat brain ...
Song Zheng-Hua - - 2002
A novel chemiluminescence (CL) flow sensor for the determination of uric acid in human urine and serum has been developed by using controlled-reagent-release technology. The reagents involved in the chemiluminescence (CL) reaction, luminol and periodate, are immobilized on anion-exchange resin packed in a column. After injection of water, chemiluminescence generated ...
Erlenkötter Ansgar - - 2002
Biosensors for the determination of creatinine have been developed and integrated into a flow-through system. The sensors are based on a screen-printed three electrode transducer with a platinum working electrode. Applying the multi-enzyme sequence of creatininase (CA), creatinase (CI) and sarcosine oxidase (SO) hydrogen peroxide has been detected amperometrically. An ...
Weglöhner W - - 2001
Procalcitonin (PCT) is one of the precursors in the synthesis of calcitonin in thyroidal C-cells and other neuroendocrine cells. PCT and other calcitonin precursors are elevated in the serum of many conditions leading to systemic inflammatory response syndrome. The measurement of PCT in patients suffering from severe bacterial infections is ...
Yamaguchi Y - - 2001
A 43-year-old woman with a huge portal-systemic shunt accompanied by myxedema showed slow speech and behavior. Several imaging studies revealed a bold portal-systemic shunt from the splenic vein to the left renal vein. In addition, hypothyroidism caused by chronic thyroiditis was diagnosed, and synthesized thyroxine replacement was effective for the ...
Shohet D - - 2001
Thirty-one commercial valerian preparations available in Australia, including teas, tablets, capsules and liquids, were analysed by HPLC for valepotriates, valerenic acid and valerenic acid derivatives. The concentration of valerenic acid and its derivatives ranged from < 0.01 to 6.32 mg/g of product. Powder capsules, on average, contained the highest concentration ...
Sandström K J - - 2001
A formic acid biosensor for air monitoring has been evaluated using chemometric methods. Using experimental design eleven factors that could influence the performance of the biosensor were examined. The response matrices consisted of six parameters (steady state currents at three different formic acid concentrations and response rates during changes in ...
Hood E W - - 2001
We are studying the chemical quality of dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) in a high-elevation watershed in the Colorado Front Range. Samples were collected over the 2000 snowmelt runoff season at two sites across an alpine/subalpine ecotone to understand how the transition between the lightly vegetated alpine and forested reaches of ...
Yoshida R - - 2001
Recent studies suggest that moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a low risk of cancer, coronary heart disease, and other diseases. Most of these diseases are considered to be related to the action of reactive oxygen species (ROS) at certain stages of disease progression. However, considerable evidence exists indicating that ...
Somova L I - - 2001
The extractives, crude and pure, of Alepidea amatymbica (AA) and Xylopia aethiopica (XA) were subjected to bioassay-directed phytochemical examination for potential cardiovascular and diuretic activity. All extractives and derivatives (XA/O, AA/1, xylopic acid, AA/3, AA/4, AA/5, AA/6, XA/1, XA/2, XA/3) displayed low toxicity, with LC(50) 0.5-5.0 ng/ml. For the first ...
Takei Y - - 2001
A peptide with bradykinin (BK)-like immunoreactivity was isolated from an incubate of heat-denatured eel plasma with porcine pancreatic kallikrein. The purified peptide had the following amino acid sequence: Arg-Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Ser-Trp-Pro-Leu-Arg. This decapeptide, named eel [Arg(0)]BK, was identical to two previously identified BK homologs from cod and trout. High conservation of the ...
Marsden D D New England Newborn Screening Program, University of Massachusetts, Jamaica Plain, - - 2001
In eight patients with disorders of fatty acid oxidation, analysis of uric acid and creatine kinase served as indicators of the underlying disorder in episodes of acute metabolic imbalance. Six patients had deficiency of medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, one had long-chain hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, and one very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency. ...
Pettit R K - - 2001
Human immune serum recognition of outer membrane components from commensal and pathogenic Neisseria cultured under neutral and acidic conditions was investigated. Acid stress caused no detectable alterations in lipooligosaccharide migration and (or) staining, in outer membrane protein profiles, or in immune serum recognition of outer membrane components from Neisseria mucosa ...
Hao J - - 2001
For further control of acid rain and SO2 pollution in China, acid rain control zones and sulfur dioxide pollution control zones were designated where acid rain or serious SO2 pollution occurs or may occur. In this study, sulfur deposition in east China was computed through a policy-oriented, two-dimensional Eulerian model ...
Spicer C W - - 2001
Recent research has demonstrated that nitrous acid (HONO) is produced in indoor environments by NO2 reacting with interior surfaces, and is also emitted directly by some combustion sources. We have recently characterized the interference by HONO to NO2 measurements made by several commonly used continuous NO2 monitors. This paper reports ...
Waring W S - - 2001
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of atherosclerosis and contributes to tissue damage that occurs as a consequence, particularly in myocardial infarction and acute stroke. Antioxidant properties of uric acid have long been recognized and, as a result of its comparatively high serum concentrations, it is the ...
Edwards M E - - 2001
BACKGROUND: High intraocular pressure (IOP), which is generally associated with glaucoma, causes lamina cribrosa retrodisplacement and deformation. Shear stress and strain resulting from lamina cribrosa deformation have been implicated in tissue remodeling, changes in retinal astrocyte function and retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death observed in vivo during glaucoma. METHODS: A ...
Alder L - - 2001
Proficiency test results from 5 countries involving 61 separate interlaboratory proficiency tests for pesticide residues were examined in this study. A total of 24 different matrixes and 869 relative standard deviations of the mean (or median) pesticide residue concentration were statistically evaluated in relation to the Horwitz function. The aim ...
Kamper A L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the uricosuric effect of the angiotensin II receptor antagonist, losartan, in hypertensive patients with renal transplants who are treated with cyclosporin A (CsA). METHODS: Twenty-six patients with stable renal function and hypertension, 16 men and 10 women, median age 47 years ...
Kastenbauer S - - 2001
The natural peroxynitrite scavenger uric acid was previously shown to be protective in a rat model of pneumococcal meningitis; however, rats have much lower blood uric acid levels than humans. Therefore, we evaluated its therapeutic effect at human physiological blood concentrations. Intraperitoneal pretreatment with uric acid increased its blood concentrations ...
Pak C Y - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to elucidate a biochemical profile of patients with idiopathic uric acid nephrolithiasis, without secondary causes (such as dehydration or diarrhea). Study subjects comprised 56 patients with idiopathic uric acid nephrolithiasis (UA stone group) who underwent a full outpatient evaluation. The control group was ...
Fernández-Bolaños J - - 2001
Olive stones (whole stones and seed husks in fragments) were processed by steam-explosion under different experimental conditions of temperature and time, 200-236 degrees C for 2-4 min, with or without previous acid impregnation with 0.1%, H2SO4 (w/w). This paper examines the solubilization of hemicelluloses and their molecular weight distribution. The ...
González-Ortiz M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to compare the renal handling of uric acid by means of pyrazinamide and probenecid tests between obese and non-obese women. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 8 obese women and in 8 non-obese women as control group. Metabolic profile and renal handling of ...
Ito K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The chronological changes or mechanisms in cardiac fatty acid metabolism under clinical conditions of hypoxia and ischemia have not been fully elucidated. 123-15-(p-iodophenyl)-3-R,S-methylpentadecanoic acid (BMIPP) can be used with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to evaluate myocardial fatty acid metabolism. We investigated chronological changes in energy metabolism in ...
Galbán J - - 2001
The present paper describes a method for the fluorometric determination of uric acid in blood serum by its reaction with uricase (UOx). The procedure is based on the changes in fluorescence that take place during the enzymatic reaction of UOx with uric acid when the solution is excited at 287 ...
Spitsin S - - 2001
Presence of nitrotyrosine in cells surrounding plaques indicates that peroxynitrite may be the cause of brain lesions in multiple sclerosis. Low levels of uric acid, a natural scavenger of peroxynitrite, were demonstrated in blood of patients with multiple sclerosis in comparison with control individuals. These observations were now extended to ...
Moriwaki Y - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Uric acid overexcretion in patients with gout is frequently assessed by the measurement of 24 hour urinary uric acid excretion, which is cumbersome with ambulatory patients, and requires accurate timing and complete collection of the specimen. We assessed whether uric acid to creatinine ratio (Uua/Ucr) in spot urine is ...
Zhang Z - - 2001
We investigated the dependence of ANG II (10(-8) M)-induced constriction of outer medullary descending vasa recta (OMDVR) on membrane potential (Psim) and chloride ion. ANG II depolarized OMDVR, as measured by fully loading them with the voltage-sensitive dye bis[1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid-(5)] trimethineoxonol [DiBAC(4)(3)] or selectively loading their pericytes. ANG II was ...
Kirschbaum B - - 2001
Hyperuricemia has been labeled both a risk factor and marker for cardiovascular pathology in addition to being associated with gout and kidney disease. Uric acid in vitro acts as a potent antioxidant capable of scavenging hydroxy radicals and peroxynitrite and reacting with nitric oxide. Some clinical studies have provided evidence ...
Deaton L E. - - 2001
The content of betaine and alanine in gills of the ribbed mussel Geukensia demissa increases rapidly following transfer of the tissues from 250 to 1000 mOsm seawater (SW). Increases in alanine, proline and glycine account for most of the increase in the amino acid pool. The betaine content increases from ...
Goldman S C - - 2001
Standard therapy in the United States for malignancy-associated hyperuricemia consists of hydration, alkalinization, and allopurinol. Urate oxidase catalyzes the enzymatic oxidation of uric acid to a 5 times increased urine soluble product, allantoin. Rasburicase is a new recombinant form of urate oxidase available for clinical evaluation. This multicenter randomized trial ...
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