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Results 601 - 650 of 1755
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Hayashi Nobumasa - - 2003
Free fatty acids (FFA), squalene, squalene hydroperoxide, and uric acid in the methanol extracts from human skin surface were measured. Levels of FFA and squalene were significantly lower in the older (83.7 +/- 9.4 years) than in the younger (22.2 +/- 3.9 years) group. FFA are mostly saturated, and linoleic ...
Middelhoven Wouter J - - 2003
The question of whether yeasts with similar physiological properties are closely related has been examined using recently published phylogenetic analyses of 26S domain D1/D2 rDNA nucleotide sequences from all currently recognized ascomycetous yeasts. When apparently unique metabolic pathways are examined, some relationships between physiology and rDNA phylogeny are evident. Most ...
Kaya Mete - - 2003
We report on 3 infants with obstructive anuria due to bilateral uric acid stones. In all patients the precipitating cause of acute obstructive renal failure was choking of bilateral ureteropelvic junction with numerous small uric acid stones without cause pelvicaliceal dilatation. While the chemical dissolution therapy succeeded in dissolving the ...
Perez-Ruiz F - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare renal handling of uric acid in patients with primary gout with that of a control group. METHODS: A case-control study of 100 patients with primary gout and 72 healthy controls was undertaken. Creatinine clearance, uric acid clearance, 24-hour uric acid urinary excretion, fractional excretion of uric acid, ...
Worcester Elaine M - - 2002
Kidney stones are increased in patients with bowel disease, particularly those who have had resection of part of their gastrointestinal tract. These stones are usually CaOx, but there is a marked increase in the tendency to form uric acid stones, as well, particularly in patients with colon resection. These patients ...
Cairo Mitchell S - - 2002
The standard prophylactic and treatment regimen for hyperuricemia in patients with hematological malignancies previously included vigorous hydration, urinary alkalinization, and a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, allopurinol, which blocks the conversion of hypoxanthine and xanthine to uric acid. However, xanthine is less soluble than uric acid, and preexisting uric acid is not ...
Alexander Erik K - - 2002
Necrolytic migratory erythema (NME), the characteristic rash associated with the glucagonoma syndrome, is a cause of substantial morbidity among patients with this rare malignancy. Treatment options are suboptimal, and often useful for only short or moderate durations. We report the effective, long-term (> 1 year) use of intermittent infusions of ...
Moe Orson W - - 2002
Humans although a predominantly ureotylic organism, has preserved the ability to excrete nitrogen as uric acid and ammonia. An imbalance between these two secondary modes of nitrogen excretion has resulted in uric acid precipitation in human urine. Uric acid nephrolithiasis can arise from diverse etiologies all with distinct underlying defects ...
Scott Gwen S - - 2002
Uric acid (UA) is a purine metabolite that selectively inhibits peroxynitrite-mediated reactions implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other neurodegenerative diseases. Serum UA levels are inversely associated with the incidence of MS in humans because MS patients have low serum UA levels and individuals with hyperuricemia (gout) ...
Kato Dai - - 2002
Novel two-dimensional (2D) cross-linked polysiloxane LB films were prepared and applied for glucose sensing as H2O2-permselective films in order to block other electroactive interferences, such as L-ascorbic acid, L-cysteine, uric acid and acetaminophen; the 2D cross-linked polysiloxane monolayers were remarkably effective in eliminating interfering responses and had a rapid response ...
Exner Otto - - 2002
Energies of sixteen 4-substituted bicyclo[2.2.2]octane-1-carboxylic acids, their anions, and pertinent 1-substituted bicyclo[2.2.2]octanes were calculated within the framework of density functional theory at the B3LYP/6-311 + G(d,p) level. Substituent effects were evaluated separately in the acid molecule and in the anion in terms of isodesmic homodesmotic reactions. In both cases, the ...
Khoo Soo Beng - - 2002
In this work, we investigated the immobilization of methylene blue in a methyltrimethoxysilane sol-gel ceramic film on a glassy carbon electrode. Up to a certain saturation level, under our conditions, it was found that the methylene blue was tightly held and did not leach out into aqueous solutions, even with ...
Xu Ya-Jie - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To determine glycoserum, the nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) assay is quick, economical, convenient and easily automated. This method, however, is vulnerable to interference by thiol group, which should not be ignored during the analysis. METHODS: Thiol group in glycoserum was blocked with iodoacetamide (IAM) before NBT was added. The reaction ...
Padilla Kimberly L - - 2002
Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to examine trace element concentration in tree-rings over three and half centuries to assess macro-trends of environmental change. Tree-rings of a 350+ year old mammoth ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) were analyzed for element concentration and evaluated versus local and global historical events. ...
Boughton Jennifer L - - 2002
Capillary zone electrophoresis (CE) under conditions of reversed polarity is used in conjunction with electrochemical detection (EC) at carbon fiber microcylinder electrodes for the selective and sensitive determination of uric acid in human blood serum. Comigration of anions with the electroosmotic flow is accomplished with reversed polarity and the buffer ...
Casoli Antonella - - 2002
The organic material present in oxalate patinas, collected from the stone external surfaces of the Baptistery in Parma (Italy), was analysed by GC-MS. The high racemisation levels determined for several specific amino acids indicate that microbial activity could contribute to the formation and modification of the organic material leading to ...
Pak Charles Y C - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the biochemical presentation and urinary physicochemical environment of patients with hyperuricosuria presenting with calcium stones (hyperuricosuric calcium urolithiasis [HUCU]) differs from those of patients with gouty diathesis (GD) or idiopathic uric acid urolithiasis. METHODS: A total of 122 patients with HUCU and 68 patients with GD ...
Athawale Madhura S - - 2002
Uric acid accumulates in several tissues of the Indian apple snail, P. globosa, during aestivation. This accumulation is particularly high in the foot muscle and reproductive organs. Since the kidney, a tiny organ in the snail, has only a limited capacity to store uric acid, extrarenal tissues are used as ...
Rizzuti Anthony M - - 2002
This paper reports on research designed to test the hypothesis that differences in peat composition will cause differences in amounts of N and P retained during contact with liquid swine manure (LSM) and liquid poultry manure (LPM). Peat types representing a wide range of properties were tested in order to ...
Padiglia Alessandra - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Peroxidases are widely distributed and have been isolated from many higher-order plants, animal tissues, yeast and microorganisms. During measurements of peroxidase activities in samples of human plasma, we noticed the presence of a compound in the plasma which was interfering with the peroxidase assay. In this paper we describe ...
Santos J S - - 2002
Radiolabelled peptides can provide new approaches for radiopharmaceutical development. Several prosthetic groups have been developed for radioiodination of proteins in order to minimize in vivo dehalogenation. In this work, the prosthetic group N-succinimidyl 4-[131I]iodobenzoate ([131I]SIB) was obtained by an alternative procedure that employs Cu(I) assisted radioiododebromination to produce p-[131I]iodobenzoic acid ...
Wang Zhaolong - - 2002
To further our understanding of the greater susceptibility of apical kernels in maize inflorescences to water stress, abscisic acid (ABA) catabolism activity was evaluated in developing kernels with chirally separated (+)-[(3)H]ABA. The predominant pathway of ABA catabolism was via 8'-hydroxylase to form phaseic acid, while conjugation to glucose was minor. ...
Wang Zonghua - - 2002
A beta-cyclodextrin-coated electrode incorporating carbon nanotubes was constructed and applied to the detection of uric acid in the presence of high concentration of ascorbic acid. The major obstacle of the overlapped oxidation potential of ascorbic acid was overcome owing to the distinct ability of the carbon nanotubes-modified electrode to yield ...
Shekarriz Bijan - - 2002
PURPOSE: Uric acid calculi with or without a calcium component comprise a significant proportion of urinary stones. Knowledge of the pathophysiology of stone formation is important to direct medical treatment. The aim of this review is to provide an update on the epidemiology, pathophysiology and management of uric acid renal ...
Granjeiro José Mauro - - 2002
Uric acid inhibited 50% of the activity of bovine kidney low molecular mass phosphotyrosine protein phosphatase at concentrations of 1.0, 0.4, 1.3, and 0.2 mM, respectively for p-nitrophenyl phosphate (p-NPP), flavine mononucleotide, beta-naphthyl phosphate and tyrosine phosphate (Tyr-P) as substrates. The mixed type inhibition of p-NPP hydrolysis was fully reversible, ...
Hink H Ulrich - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The cytosolic form of Cu/Zn-containing superoxide dismutase (SOD1) has peroxidase activity, with H2O2 used as a substrate to oxidize other molecules. We examined peroxidase properties of the extracellular form of SOD (SOD3), a major isoform of SOD in the vessel wall, by using recombinant SOD3 and an in vivo ...
Lv Yi - - 2002
A chemiluminescence biosensor on a chip coupled to a microfluidic system and a microreactor is described in this paper. The chemiluminescence biosensor measured 25 x 75 x 6.5 mm in dimension, and was readily produced in an analytical laboratory. The sol-gel method is introduced to co-immobilize horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and ...
Raj C Retna - - 2002
The self-assembled monolayer of a heterocyclic thiol, mercaptobenzimidazole (MBI) on gold (Au) electrode is successfully utilized for the voltammetric sensing of uric acid (UA). The self-assembly of MBI separates the voltammetric signal of UA from the interfering ascorbate (AA). Selective detection of UA in the presence of a large excess ...
Sakhaee Khashayar - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Low urinary pH is the commonest and by far the most important factor in uric acid nephrolithiasis but the reason(s) for this defect is (are) unknown. Patients with uric acid nephrolithaisis have normal acid-base parameters according conventional clinical tests. METHODS: We studied steady-state plasma and urinary parameters of acid-base ...
Rakwal Randeep - - 2002
Octadecanoid pathway components, 12-oxo-phytodieonic acid (OPDA) and jasmonic acid (JA), are key biologically active regulators of plant self-defense response(s). However, to date these compounds have been studied mostly in dicots, and used large (1-10 g fresh weight, FW) samples for quantification, even when examined in mature rice plants, which is ...
Nishioka Kusuki - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We examined the influences of a moderate intake level of three types of alcoholic beverages--beer, whisky, and Shochu (Japanese distilled liquor)--on purine and carbohydrate metabolism and excretion in healthy male volunteers, concerning (1) the extent of contribution of purine bodies contained in beer to uric acid metabolism and (2) ...
Li Wei - - 2002
China's rapidly growing economy is coupled with the consumption of large amounts of coal. An energy mix dominated by coal and inefficient energy utilization processes have led to increasingly serious problems of acid rain and sulfur dioxide pollution. Moreover, trends in the emissions of acidifying air pollutants lead to predictions ...
Williams Keith P - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether an elevated serum uric acid level in hypertensive pregnant women is a useful prognostic indicator of severe hypertension; hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome; and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. METHODS: A total of 459 women newly diagnosed with hypertension in pregnancy were ...
Giannakou S A - - 2002
An optimization technique (response surface method) was used in order to investigate the effect of the combination of two enhancers, namely caprylic acid and cineol on nimodipine's permeation through human cadaver epidermis. Using this quadratic model it was found that at 24 h the increase of the permeation of nimodipine ...
Wolf Bryan W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: An acid-induced-viscosity (I-V) complex containing alginate, citrate, and insoluble calcium was incorporated into a glucose-based beverage. We hypothesized that the acid I-V beverage would become viscous in the stomach (due to the solubilization of calcium and its interaction with alginate and citrate) and would blunt glycemia. METHODS: Thirty subjects ...
Puig Juan G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Serum urate is commonly elevated in essential hypertension (26-33%). Some studies have claimed that losartan increases urinary uric acid excretion and diminishes serum urate levels. However, a detailed, controlled study on the influence of losartan on uric acid metabolism in hypertensive patients has not been performed and the existent ...
Kim Sung Bae - - 2002
Intra-particle diffusion of sulfuric acid into sugarcane bagasse, corn stover, rice straw and yellow poplar was investigated to determine the effective diffusivity of sulfuric acid within the porous biomass structure. Diffusion experiments were conducted over 25-75 degrees C for two different biomass sizes using dynamic diffusion test cells. Diffusivities of ...
Hanvivadhanakul Punchong - - 2002
This study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of benzbromarone compared to allopurinol in lowering serum uric acid level in hyperuricemic patients with normal renal function (serum creatinine < or = 1.5). The authors conducted a crossover study consisting of two four-week treatment periods of allopurinol 300 mg/day and benzbromarone ...
Marinello Enrico - - 2002
Uric acid and allantoin are the key compounds of purine nucleotide catabolism formed in liver and many other organs of the rat. We observed that, after administration of 14C-formate, incorporation of radioactivity into uric acid and allantoin is not similar, as one would expect. The phenomenon was demonstrated to be ...
Whiteman M - - 2002
Peroxynitrite is implicated in numerous human diseases. Hence, there is considerable interest in potential therapeutic peroxynitrite scavengers. It has been claimed that uric acid is a powerful peroxynitrite scavenger. We previously observed that uric acid is a powerful inhibitor of tyrosine nitration induced by peroxynitrite, but fails to prevent alpha(1)-antiproteinase ...
Toncev Gordana - - 2002
Uric acid, which is the final product of purine nucleoside metabolism, is a strong peroxynitrite scavenger. Several studies report on lower serum uric acid levels in multiple sclerosis. In this study, we investigated serum uric acid levels before and after high-dose methylprednisolone treatment (intravenous 1 g/day/5 days) in multiple sclerosis ...
Toncev G - - 2002
Several findings suggest lower levels of serum uric acid in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of this study is to investigate relationships of uric acid serum levels in relapse-remitting (RR) MS patients with clinical activity of disease and blood-brain barrier (BBB) condition. Sixty-three definite RRMS patients and 40 controls ...
Prietsch V - - 2002
We report the clinical findings and the diagnostic work-up of a 17-month-old girl with CDG-x. Predominant clinical signs were, besides psychomotor retardation and truncal hypotonia, stereotyped dystonic hand movements and ophthalmological abnormalities such as optic atrophy, nystagmus and strabismus. Other symptoms that are often found in patients with CDG were ...
Garrossian Massoud - - 2002
Isocupressic acid (1) was used to synthetically prepare a mixture of (8S,13R,S)-labda-15,19-dioic acid (tetrahydroagathic acid) (5) via a two-step oxidation procedure followed by hydrogenation of the double bonds at C13 and C8. Reduction of the C8,17 double bond was stereospecific producing only the 8S isomer and confirmed by the nOe ...
Alderman Michael H - - 2002
Uric acid has long been associated with cardiovascular disease. Most epidemiological evidence suggests a significant, graded, independent and specific association between the level of serum uric acid and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This is particularly robust among persons at high cardiovascular risk, including those with hypertension, diabetes and congestive heart ...
Chamorro Angel - - 2002
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to assess in 881 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke the clinical relevance in regard to functional outcome of the natural antioxidant uric acid measured at hospital admission. METHODS: Patients had serum uric acid (mg/dL) measured by standard procedures 18.2+/-15.5 hours from clinical onset. At ...
Ito Masaaki - - 2002
We present a case of encrusted cystitis with ammonium acid urate calculi. An 88-year-old man was referred to our hospital to determine the cause of hematopyuria. He was a patient at another hospital for treatment of interstitial pneumonia with predonisolone. After admission to our hospital, kidney, ureter, bladder X-ray, computed ...
Ernst Holger - - 2002
A continuous amperometric glucose monitoring system is presented. All analytically relevant units are integrated on a microchip (microreactor, control electrode, glucose oxidase based sensor electrode, reference electrode, counter electrode). The scavenging electrochemical microreactor pre-oxidises all interfering compounds enabling a reliable glucose determination. The reliability of the microreactor is demonstrated with ...
Feng Zong-wei - - 2002
South China has become the third largest region associated with acid deposition following Europe and North America, the area subject to damage by acid deposition increased from 1.75 million km2 in 1985 to 2.8 million km2 in 1993. Acid deposition has caused serious damage to ecosystem. Combined pollution of acid ...
Tylicki Leszek - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: There is evidence that angiotensin II, the main effector of renin-angiotensin system, plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of chronic renal injury. Angiotensin II type 1 (AT-1) receptor blockers reduce renin-angiotensin system activity by blocking the receptor, the activation of which is responsible for the majority of deleterious ...
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