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Results 501 - 550 of 1756
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Andersen Svend Olav - - 2004
A method for quantitative measurement of 3-monochlorotyrosine and 3,5-dichlorotyrosine in insect cuticles is described, and it is used for determination of their distribution in various cuticular regions in nymphs and adults of the desert locust, Schistocerca gregaria. The two chlorinated tyrosine derivatives were present in all analyzed regions in mature ...
Schaneberg B T - - 2004
Aristolochia species have been administered by those trained in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for centuries. After determining Aristolochia fangchi was an adulterant that caused death due to renal failure in a number of patients at a Belgian weight loss clinic, many countries took steps to regulate products containing Aristolochia fangchi ...
Ito Yoshiya - - 2005
The acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatic centrilobular necrosis is preceded by hepatic microcirculatory dysfunction including the infiltration of erythrocytes into the space of Disse. The purpose of this study was to examine the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in the hepatic microvascular injury elicied by APAP. Male C57Bl/6 mice were pretreated with ...
Terzuoli L - - 2004
In this work we determined hypoxanthine (HX), xanthine (X), uric acid (UA), allantoin (ALL) and free radicals in atheromatous plaques to improve the comprehension of oxidative stress, a phenomenon which characterizes the evolution of atherosclerotic lesions. Carotid artery plaque were obtained from subjects undergoing endoarterectomy. Pulverized plaque, extracted by water, ...
Kannan Kurunthachalam - - 2004
Perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride based compounds have been used in a wide variety of consumer products, such as carpets, upholstery, and textiles. These compounds degrade to perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), a persistent metabolite that accumulates in tissues of humans and wildlife. Previous studies have reported the occurrence of PFOS, perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), and ...
Sass J O - - 2004
The term "trichothiodystrophy" (TTD) covers several autosomal recessive diseases whose diagnostic hallmark is short, brittle hair low in sulfur and cystine because of impaired synthesis of high-sulfur matrix protein. Clinical symptoms associated with TTD represent a variable range of abnormalities in organs derived from ectoderm and neuroectoderm. Important laboratory tests ...
Yu Feng-Yih - - 2004
Polyclonal antibodies for domoic acid were generated from rabbits after the animals had been immunized with either domoic acid-keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) or domoic acid-bovine serum albumin (BSA). A competitive direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cdELISA) and a competitive indirect ELISA (ciELISA) were used for the characterization of the antibodies and ...
Zhang Dai - - 2004
A multilayered glucose biosensor via sequential deposition of Prussian blue (PB) nanoclusters and enzyme-immobilized poly(toluidine blue) films was constructed on a bare Au electrode using electrochemical methods. The whole configuration of the present biosensor can be considered as an integration of several independent hydrogen peroxide sensing elements. In each sensing ...
Frincu M Crina - - 2004
Uric acid (C5H4N4O3) is one of the final products of purine metabolism. Its concentration balance is maintained in the kidneys, but compromised kidney function can result in its crystallization either in the renal tract or in the interstitial fluid of joints. In physiological deposits, crystalline uric acid is most frequently ...
Hu De-En - - 2004
Uric acid released from dying cells has been shown recently to act as a danger signal for the immune system, stimulating dendritic cell maturation and enhancing T-cell responses to foreign antigens. Stimulation of dendritic cell maturation by uric acid has been proposed as a mechanism by which the immune system ...
Wang Haobo - - 2004
In this work, PM(10) samples were collected in a winter and a summer in Christchurch, a New Zealand city having intensive wood and coal burning and a serious air pollution problem in winter. Oxalic, malonic, succinic, maleic, glutaric and adipic acids in the samples were analysed using ion chromatography. It ...
Bannasch D L - - 2004
All Dalmatian dogs have an inherited defect in purine metabolism leading to high levels of uric acid excretion in their urine (hyperuricosuria) rather than allantoin, the normal end product of purine metabolism in all other breeds of dog. Transplantation experiments have demonstrated that the defect is intrinsic to the liver ...
Zen Jyh-Myng - - 2004
Peak overlap in voltammetry poses challenges for the quantitative analysis of electroactive species. Dopamine and uric acid are typically challenging to determine voltammetrically because of their very similar oxidation peak potentials. We report preliminary results of the use of a screen-printed carbon electrode for the determination of dopamine and uric ...
Wady Loay - - 2004
We used gas chromatography--tandem mass spectrometry to analyze microbial components in 85 samples of airborne dust from schools in Jordan, Sweden, and Poland. To collect the samples, we allowed dust to settle on plexiglass plates hanging in the breathing zone in school buildings during both summer and winter. In each ...
Feig Daniel I - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Essential hypertension affects more than 25% of the world's population. Genetic, physiologic, and epidemiologic studies provide clues to its origins, but a clear understanding has been elusive. Recent experimental and clinical studies have implicated uric acid in the onset of essential hypertension. METHODS: In a retrospective chart review, we ...
Cheng Sha-Yen - - 2004
Tissues of kuruma shrimp Marsupenaeus japonicus Bate (5.7+/-1.1 g) reared in salinities of 18, 26, 34 and 42 were examined for levels of nucleotide-related compounds, ammonia, urea and uric acid, and activities of xanthine dehydrogenase (XDH), xanthine oxidase (XOD) and uricase. Levels of total nucleotide-related compounds, including xanthine and hypoxanthine, ...
Yardim-Akaydin Sevgi - - 2004
Free radicals are implicated in many diseases including atherosclerosis, cancer and also in rheumatoid arthritis. Reaction of uric acid with free radicals, such as hydroxyl radical and hypochlorous acid (HOCl) results in allantoin production. In this study, we measured the serum allantoin levels, oxidation products of uric acid, as a ...
Yamamoto Tetsuya - - 2004
To determine whether sauna bathing alone or in combination with beer ingestion increases the plasma concentration of uric acid, 5 healthy subjects were tested. Urine and plasma measurements were performed before and after each took a sauna bath, ingested beer, and ingested beer just after taking a sauna bath, with ...
Knapp C M - - 2004
Uric acid, an antioxidant, is reduced in multiple sclerosis (MS). Patients with gout have a reduced incidence of MS. Optic neuritis (ON), often the first manifestation of MS, is not known to be associated with reduced uric acid. Patients with recent onset of ON were investigated to determine whether uric ...
Garcia Carlos D - - 2004
Creatinine, creatine, and uric acid are three important compounds that are measured in a variety of clinical assays, most notably for renal function. Traditional clinical assays for these compounds have focused on the use of enzymes or chemical reactions. Electrophoretic microchips have the potential to integrate separation power of capillary ...
Tsuchikawa Satoru - - 2004
A newly constructed optical measurement system was introduced to nondestructively measure the composition of the inside of an apple by time-of-flight near-infrared spectroscopy (TOF-NIRS). As sugar content increased, optical parameters concerned with time-resolved profile of transmitted pulsed light (the attenuance of peak maxima, At, the time delay of peak maxima, ...
Mazzafera Paulo - - 2004
Caffeine has been found in tissues of several plants. Because of its stimulating effect on the central nervous system, a great number of reports have been published on its content in beverages and foodstuffs. However, a much more restricted number of reports have dealt specifically with caffeine metabolism in plants. ...
Heimbach D - - 2004
PURPOSE: The acoustic and mechanical properties of various stone compositions are significantly different and thus result in varying degrees of fragility. Consequently, results to shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) are influenced accordingly. We report the results of a study of fragility of various stone compositions, and the influence on each stone's ...
Momota Yukihiro - - 2004
Hydroxyapatite (HAP) putty has been reported to have good hemostatic ability and excellent biocompatibility. Although the setting reaction of HAP putty and resulting transformation to HAP is the reason for this excellent biocompatibility, it also limits the handling period. In this study, the relationship between the setting reaction of HAP ...
Yamamoto T - - 2004
To determine whether purine-free and regular low-malt liquor beverages (happo-shu) increase the plasma concentration and urinary excretion of purine bases (hypoxanthine, xanthine, uric acid) and uridine, 6 healthy males were given regular (10 ml/kg of body weight) and purine-free happo-shu (10 ml/kg of body weight). Plasma concentration-time curves were plotted, ...
Navrátilová Iva - - 2004
Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was evaluated for the direct determination of herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D). Specific antibody against 2,4-D was immobilised onto different gold electrodes. Several methods of antibody immobilisation by covalent linkage to modified surface were studied. Self-assembled monolayers formed using thiocompounds as cystamine, 4-aminothiophenol (ATPh), 3,3'-dithiopropionic acid di-(N-succinimidyl ...
Sanguinetti Silvia M - - 2004
Interactions between uric acid and physiologically relevant fluxes of nitric oxide ((?)NO) during copper-mediated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation were evaluated. In the absence of (?)NO, a dual pro- and antioxidant action of uric acid was evident: low concentrations of uric acid enhanced lipid oxidation and alpha-tocopherol consumption, while its protective ...
Dioka C E - - 2004
Additives in petroleum solvents have been reported to have adverse health implications. An evaluation study on some toxicological effects of occupational exposure to petroleum products (especially petrol which contains tetraethyl lead) amongst twenty five occupationally exposed artisans and twenty five graduate students of College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, ...
Zitnanová Ingrid - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is a chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) leading to mental retardation, to the characteristic change of individual's phenotype and to the pathological features of Alzheimer disease. Patients with DS have elevated ratio of superoxide dismutase to (catalase plus glutathione peroxidase) with respect to controls in all age ...
Maalouf Naim M - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The factors involved in the pathogenesis of uric acid nephrolithiasis are well known. A low urinary pH is the most significant element in the generation of stones, with hyperuricosuria being a less common finding. The underlying mechanism(s) responsible for these disturbances remain poorly characterized. This review summarizes ...
Alderman Michael - - 2004
A substantial body of epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests that serum uric acid is an important, independent risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease especially in patients with hypertension, heart failure, or diabetes. Elevated serum uric acid is highly predictive of mortality in patients with heart failure or coronary artery ...
Lindeberg S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In some western populations, increased serum uric acid has been positively associated with cardiovascular disease, possibly because hyperuricaemia could be an untoward part of the insulin-resistant metabolic syndrome. However, there is evidence that uric acid is a free radical scavenger capable of inhibiting LDL oxidation. Amongst the traditional horticulturalists ...
Kirschbaum Barry - - 2004
Uric acid possesses antioxidant properties and is an important determinant of total plasma antioxidant capacity. Uric acid concentrations tend to be elevated in patients with renal failure requiring maintenance hemodialysis but are abruptly reduced by the dialysis procedure itself. Paraoxonase (PON1), an enzyme which circulates in association with high density ...
Kumar A K Hemanth - - 2004
Disposition of uric acid upon administration of ofloxacin (O) alone and in combination with other anti-tuberculosis drugs, rifampicin (R), isoniazid (H) and pyrazinamide (Z) was studied. Twelve male healthy volunteers were investigated on four different occasions with the four drugs alone or in combinations. A partially balanced incomplete block design ...
Solangi Ghulam Akbar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To record the effect of pyrazinamide on uric acid in patients of tuberculosis. DESIGN: Descriptive and observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Chandka Medical College Hospital, Larkana from February 2000 to January 2003. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients receiving anti-tuberculosis drugs with pyrazinamide were included. Serum uric acid ...
Akizawa Hiromichi - - 2004
For purpose of reducing renal accumulation of radioactivity of a known radiopharmaceutical agent, i.e., (111)In-DTPA (diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid)-D-Phe(1)-octreotide, a derivative in which p-carboxy-L-phenylalanine is substituted for D-Phe(1) was synthesized. Biodistribution study of the resultant compound having carboxy-substituted L-Phe(1) revealed that the renal accumulation was significantly lower than that of control compound ...
Abate Nicola - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Uric acid nephrolithiasis primarily results from low urinary pH, which increases the concentration of the insoluble undissociated uric acid, causing formation of both uric acid and mixed uric acid/calcium oxalate stones. These patients have recently been described as exhibiting features of insulin resistance. This study was designed to evaluate ...
Yokozawa Takako - - 2004
This study was carried out to elucidate whether the protective activity of (-)-epicatechin 3-O-gallate (ECg) against excessive peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) production, is distinct from the activity of several well-known free radical inhibitors, the ONOO(-) inhibitors ebselen and uric acid, the superoxide anion (O(2)(-)) scavenger copper zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) and the ...
Kang Duk-Hee - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is strongly associated with hyperuricemia, and in some studies the increase in serum uric acid has been found to correlate with both maternal and fetal morbidity. The hyperuricemia is believed to result primarily from the decreased renal excretion that occurs as a consequence of the pre-eclampsia, and as ...
Cristallini Caterina - - 2004
The preparation of new polymeric membranes using molecular imprinting technology for application in blood filtration devices is described. Membranes, based on an acrylic acid-acrylonitrile copolymer, produced through phase inversion, were modified by introducing specific binding sites for uric acid into their structure. The materials prepared are intended for use to ...
Caldarola Sara - - 2004
Various mitogenic or growth inhibitory stimuli induce a rapid change in the association of terminal oligopyrimidine (TOP) mRNAs with polysomes. It is generally believed that such translational control hinges on the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-S6 kinase pathway. Amino acid availability affects the translation of TOP mRNAs, although the signaling ...
Chen Jian-Feng - - 2004
To study the feasibility of producing nanoparticles of organic pharmaceuticals using a novel high-gravity reactive precipitation (HGRP) technique, reactive precipitation of benzoic acid as a model compound was carried out in a rotating packed bed under high gravity. The main factors such as the rotating bed speed, concentration and volume ...
Yatzidis Hippocrates - - 2004
Certain amino acids such as glycine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid, L-glutamine, L-histidine and L-arginine taken orally by normal adults or patients with renal failure increase glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Twelve nondiabetic patients suffering from glomerulonephritis confirmed by renal biopsy previously, with creatinine clearances ranging from 15 to 24 ml minute/1.73, ...
Chamorro Angel - - 2004
Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism and a powerful water-soluble antioxidant and radical scavenger in humans whose generation is increased in situations of oxidative stress, such as brain ischemia. Although hyperuricemia has been related to an increased risk of cardiovascular events, the association was not found significant ...
Ihara Hiroshi - - 2004
Human serum contains several antioxidants. The total antioxidant capacity (AOC) is the sum of all the antioxidant activities present in serum. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the AOC of bilirubin (BR), alpha-tocopherol (TOH), ascorbic acid (AA), and uric acid (UA) could be measured with good precision ...
Mehrsai Abdolrasool - - 2004
We analyzed urinary calculi composition and its relationship with gender, age, calculus weight, color, and location. Two hundred and forty one patients with urinary calculus, who had undergone open lithotomy from June 1999 to April 2001, were enrolled in this prospective study which was performed by Tehran and Oroomieh Medical ...
Noguchi Yoshihiko - - 2004
Forty Type IIb or IV hyperlipidemic patients (serum triglyceride concentrations were higher than 150 mg/dl) were treated with fenofibrate (300 mg/day) for 12 weeks. Lipid profile and uric acid metabolism were evaluated before and after the treatment; the serum concentrations of total cholesterol and triglyceride respectively decreased from 224 +/- ...
Grzelak Teresa - - 2004
In the present study, we compared the influence of icodextrin (2 g/dL) on uric acid (20 mg/dL) and albumin (1 g/dL) transfer through isolated rabbit parietal peritoneum. In separate series of experiments, we used a mathematical model to calculate the transport rate of solutes from the interstitial to the mesothelial ...
Monu Johnny U V - - 2004
Gout is a group of diseases characterized by arthritis and results from a disturbance of urate metabolism with the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints and soft tissues. Often, but not invariably, the serum urate levels are elevated as a result of overproduction or underexcretion of uric acid. ...
Yoshikawa Hideto - - 2004
The previous study showed that both valproic acid (VPA) and a bedridden state decreased the serum uric acid level, and VPA-induced renal tubular dysfunction was suspected to be one cause of hypouricemia in severely disabled children. However, it was uncertain what factor of bedridden state influences the uric acid level ...
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