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Avondo Marcella - - 2008
We evaluated the effect of grazing time of day on goat milk chemical composition, renneting properties and milk fatty acid profile in a Mediterranean grazing system. Sixteen lactating Girgentana goats were divided into two experimental groups and housed in individual pens, where they received 500 g/d of barley grain. For ...
Watchararuji Ketmanee - - 2008
New value-added product was derived from agricultural by-products: rice bran and soybean meal by means of subcritical water (SW) hydrolysis. The effect of temperature (200-220 degrees C), reaction time (10-30 min), raw material-to-water weight ratio (1:5 and 2:5), was determined on the yields of protein, total amino acids, and reducing ...
Purdie N G - - 2008
Rates of secretion of components into milk are a function of precursor concentrations and parameters that describe expression of the milk synthetic enzymes and their sensitivity to precursor concentrations. To establish the enzymatic sensitivities of milk fat yield and mammary acetate utilization to circulating acetate concentration, lactating cows were infused ...
Francis Jimi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The expression of human milk for later use is on the rise. Bottle systems are used to deliver the expressed milk. Research has shown that storage of both human milk and artificial baby milk, or infant formula, leads to a loss of ascorbic acid (commonly called Vitamin C). As ...
SzymaƄski Konrad - - 2008
Taurine (2-aminoethylsulphonic acid), a non-protein amino acid, is present in most animal tissues. Its highest concentrations are found in skeletal muscles, heart, brain, and retina. Although this compound can be synthesized from other sulfonic amino acids such as methionine and cysteine, the endogenous production is insufficient for the human organism, ...
Cassandro M - - 2008
Milk coagulation properties (MCP) are an important aspect in assessing cheese-making ability. Several studies showed that favorable conditions of milk reactivity with rennet, curd formation rate, and curd strength, as well as curd syneresis, have a positive effect on the entire cheese-making process and subsequently on the ripening of cheese. ...
Milligan Lauren A - - 2008
Squirrel monkeys (genus Saimiri) give birth to relatively large neonates with large, fast-growing brains. Maternal energy expenditure during gestation and infant development is argued to be high, but may be offset by the provisioning of offspring by females other than the mother (allonursing). Milk composition is an important component of ...
Ribeiro M - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fatty acid (FA) composition varies over the course of the day and during lactation. The aim of this study was to evaluate FA composition and its compositional stability in human milk, from day 7 to week 16 of lactation. METHODS: Human milk was collected from all feedings over 24 ...
Månsson Helena Lindmark - - 2008
Milk fat contains approximately 400 different fatty acid, which make it the most complex of all natural fats. The milk fatty acids are derived almost equally from two sources, the feed and the microbial activity in the rumen of the cow and the lipids in bovine milk are mainly present ...
Checa-Moreno R - - 2008
In this paper, we performed a comparison between commonly used strategies amino acid ratios (Aa ratios), two-dimensional ratio plots (2D-Plot) and statistical correlation factor (SCF) and a classification technique, soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA), to identify protein binders present in old artwork samples. To do this, we used ...
Archibeque S L - - 2008
We hypothesized that providing dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) would improve the N retention and use of nutrients by wethers fed a moderate-quality bromegrass hay. Additionally, we hypothesized that treatment effects on nutrient fluxes would be similar after 3, 6, or 9 wk on treatment. Chronic indwelling catheters were ...
Fink R - - 2007
To determine differences in chemical composition between colostrum and mature milk in mink, milk samples were collected from 12 dams as close to the end of parturition as possible (n = 12), and at 24 h (n = 3), 48 h (n = 3) and 1 week (n = 12) ...
Jin S K - - 2007
The sausage samples were made from pork with spent laying hen breast surimi. The samples were divided into 4 groups [sausage made from pork (control) and sausage made from pork with 20% (T1), 40% (T2), and 60% (T3) of spent laying hen breast surimi]. In proximate compositions, the moisture and ...
Martinez-Amezcua C - - 2007
Experiments were conducted to evaluate the nutritional value of corn distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) and its components of grains and solubles, the effect on amino acid digestibility of autoclaving DDGS with different proportions of wet grains:solubles, and the effect of several new processing technologies on the nutritional value ...
Jenkins T C - - 2008
Recent advances in chromatographic identification of CLA isomers, combined with interest in their possible properties in promoting human health (e.g., cancer prevention, decreased atherosclerosis, improved immune response) and animal performance (e.g., body composition, regulation of milk fat synthesis, milk production), has renewed interest in biohydrogenation and its regulation in the ...
Guyomarc'h Fanny - - 2007
Changes in the acid gelation properties of skim milk as a result of variations in the micelle/serum distribution of the heat-induced whey protein/kappa-casein aggregates, induced by the combination of heat treatment and limited renneting, were investigated. No dramatic change in the zeta potential or the isoelectric point of the casein ...
Rudolph Michael C MC Department of Pathology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Anschutz Medical Campus, 12801 East 17th Avenue, Mail Stop 8104, P.O. Box 6511, Aurora, CO 80045, - - 2007
The lipid component of milk provides the critical nutritional source for generating both energy and essential nutrients to the growth of the newborn. Three types of substrate are utilized to synthesize milk triacylglycerides (TAG): dietary fat, fatty acids mobilized from adipose tissue stores, and lipids synthesized de novo synthesis from ...
Amornkul Y - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to determine if application of microfiltration (MF) or raw milk lactoperoxidase system (LP) could reduce the risk of foodborne illness from Escherichia coli in raw milk cheeses, without adversely affecting the overall sensory acceptability of the cheeses. Escherichia coli K12 was added to ...
Plourde M - - 2007
Conjugated linolenic acids (CLnA) are octadecatrienoic fatty acid isomers with at least 2 conjugated double bonds. Various CLnA isomers occur naturally, and some isomers could be formed by ruminants from dietary alpha-linolenic acid. Ruminant biohydrogenation of polyunsaturated fatty acids gives rise to the formation of numerous metabolites having conjugated or ...
Hurtaud C - - 2007
The nutritional and rheological properties of butter depend on the fatty acid composition of milk. Therefore, feeding oilseeds rich in unsaturated fatty acids is likely to affect butter properties. The aim of this trial was to examine to what extent feeding the linolenic acid-rich cruciferous plant camelina can affect the ...
Mangia Nicoletta P - - 2008
Fiore Sardo Protected Denomination of Origin is a traditional Sardinian (Italy) hard cheese produced exclusively from whole raw ovine milk and coagulated with lamb rennet paste. Currently, Fiore Sardo is still produced by shepherds at the farmhouse level without the addition of any starter culture and the cheese-making process is ...
Mochizuki Kazuki - - 2008
Fatty acids in milk are thought to play an important role in intestinal maturation and gene expression in the rat small intestine during the suckling-weaning period. In the present study, we determined the jejunal mRNA level of the cAMP-response-element-binding-protein-binding protein (CBP)/p300, which is one of the chromatin remodelling factors and ...
Engel Erwan - - 2007
The first objective of the present paper was to assess the potential of both isotopic ( (18)O/ (16)O in milk water) and molecular biomarkers (terpenes, fatty acids, carotenoids, and vitamins) and milk color to discriminate the production zone (lowland or upland areas) from which 49 tanker bulk milks were collected ...
Moate P J - - 2007
Data from 29 published experiments on Holstein cows, providing 120 dietary treatments, were collated to obtain means, standard deviations, and ranges for the concentrations (mg/g) of 26 major individual fatty acids in bovine milk fat. The influence of diet type (total mixed ration- vs. pasture-based diet) on concentrations of individual ...
Paillard D - - 2007
AIMS: All members of the ruminal Butyrivibrio group convert linoleic acid (cis-9,cis-12-18:2) via conjugated 18:2 metabolites (mainly cis-9,trans-11-18:2, conjugated linoleic acid) to vaccenic acid (trans-11-18:1), but only members of a small branch, which includes Clostridium proteoclasticum, of this heterogeneous group further reduce vaccenic acid to stearic acid (18:0, SA). The ...
Orozco A - - 2007
The colony forming unit (CFU) of H. pylori is reduced rapidly in lipase hydrolyzed cow's milk and a similar reduction was found in a physiological saline solution when it was supplemented with soluble C4 to C10 fatty acids of milk fat composition. Slight CFU decreases were observed for E. coli ...
Kang Ki Sung - - 2007
To identify the effects of amino acids on the heat stability of ginsenoside Rb(1) (Rb(1)), Rb(1) was heat-processed at 120 degrees C with or without glycine or L-arginine. Rb(1) was changed into 20(S)-Rg(3), 20(R)-Rg(3), Rk(1), and Rg(5) by heat-processing through glycosyl elimination and epimerization of carbon-20 by SN1 reaction. Similarly, ...
Troegeler-Meynadier Annabelle - - 2007
The effects of fat source (0.7 kg of fatty acids from extruded soybeans or palmitic acid), of sodium bicarbonate (0.3 kg) plus straw (1 kg) and the interaction of these treatments on the content of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) in the milk of dairy cows were examined. During nine weeks ...
Patil Sachin S Department of Chemical Engineering and Material Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2007
A high-fat diet has been shown to significantly increase the risk of the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease histochemically characterized by the accumulation of amyloid beta (Abeta) protein in senile plaques and hyperphosphorylated tau in neurofibrillary tangles. Previously, we have shown that saturated free fatty acids (FFAs), ...
Thangavelu G - - 2007
We hypothesized that a diet enriched in alpha-linolenic acid would enhance embryonic development relative to diets enriched in linoleic or saturated fatty acids. Twenty-four lactating Holstein cows (86+/-22 d postpartum) were assigned to one of three diets containing saturated fatty acids (SAT; high in palmitic and stearic acids), whole flaxseed ...
Ringseis Robert - - 2007
Feeding oxidized fats to lactating rats causes a strong reduction of triacylglycerol concentration in the milk. The reason for this, however, has not yet been elucidated. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to 2 groups of 11 rats each and fed diets containing either fresh fat (FF group) or an oxidized ...
Mele M - - 2007
Milk fatty acid composition is a parameter of great interest for evaluation of nutritional quality of milk. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) is a key enzyme in mammary lipid metabolism because it is able to add a double bond in the cis delta9-position in a large spectrum of medium- and long-chain fatty ...
MacKinnon Shawna L - - 2007
Our investigations into the stability of tincture preparations of milk thistle fruit [ Silybum marianum L. Gaertn. (Asteraceae)] have led to the characterization of a new flavonolignan 4-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-7-[(2 R,3 R)-3,5,7-trihydroxy-4-oxochroman-2-yl]-1-oxo-1,3,3a,4,5,7a-hexahydro-2-benzofuran-5-carboxylic acid called silyamandin (1). Incubation of the tincture at 40 degrees C for 3 months resulted in an increase in ...
Lane Tanda N - - 2007
We describe an infant with propionic acidemia who developed a generalized exfoliative eruption. Preceding the eruption, he was on an amino acid restricted formula. Within days of liberalizing his restricted diet, the eruption resolved completely. A similar dermatitis has been reported in infants with inborn errors of metabolism who were ...
Villamor Eduardo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding accounts for a sizable proportion of infant HIV infections. Some fatty acids (FAs) are potent immunomodulators with virucidal activity, and their primary source in breastfed children is breast milk. OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to examine whether the percentage weight concentration of FAs in breast milk ...
Milligan Lauren A - - 2008
Fatty acids in milk reflect the interplay between species-specific physiological mechanisms and maternal diet. Anthropoid primates (apes, Old and New World monkeys) vary in patterns of growth and development and dietary strategies. Milk fatty acid profiles also are predicted to vary widely. This study investigates milk fatty acid composition of ...
Surono I S - - 2008
Lactobacillus plantarum strains IS-10506 and IS-20506 isolated from Indonesian traditional fermented milk, dadih, were screened for their ability to remove the cyanobacterial toxin microcystin-LR (MC-LR) from aqueous solution (100 microg/L) at 22 and 37 degrees C. The objective was to study the main environmental factors influencing the metabolic activity of ...
Cheng Qiuqiong - - 2007
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in milk are vital for normal growth and development of infant mammals. Changes in fatty acid composition were observed in milk fat from goats dosed with perchlorate (0.1 and 1 mg/kg body weight/day) for 31 days, but the effect was not persistent. Adaptation may be induced ...
Thavarungkul Panote - - 2007
A label-free impedimetric flow injection immunosensor for the direct detection of penicillin G has been developed. Anti-penicillin G was immobilized on a gold working electrode modified with a self-assembled monolayer of thioctic acid. Real time monitoring of impedance was carried out at the optimum frequency of 160 Hz. Under optimum ...
Innis Sheila M - - 2007
Human milk provides all the dietary essential fatty acids, linoleic acid (LA; 18:2n-6) and alpha-linolenic acid (18:3n-3), as well as their longer-chain more-unsaturated metabolites, including arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and DHA (22:6n-3) to support the growth and development of the breast-fed infant. Human milk levels of LA have increased in Westernized ...
Casiraghi M C - - 2007
AIMS: To investigate the effect of prolonged consumption of a synbiotic milk (Synbiotic) containing Lactobacillus acidophilus (strain 74-2, 10(7) CFU ml(-1)), Bifidobacterium lactis (strain 420, 10(7) CFU ml(-1)) and 2% inulin on colonic ecosystem in healthy humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: A group of 26 healthy subjects, aged 22-47 years, participated ...
Bobe G - - 2007
Changing the composition of milk protein and of milk fatty acids alters nutritional and physical properties of dairy products and their consumer appeal. Genetic selection for milk yield decreases concentrations of milk protein and of milk fat. Little is known, however, about how the decrease affects composition of milk protein ...
Koca N - - 2007
Short-chain free fatty acids (FFA) are important sources of cheese flavor and have been reported to be indicators for assessing quality. The objective of this research was to develop a simple and rapid screening tool for monitoring the short-chain FFA contents in Swiss cheese by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy ...
De Marchi M - - 2007
Samples of herd milk (506) were analyzed to assess sources of variation for milk coagulation properties (MCP) for 5 different dairy cattle breeds. Data were recorded in 55 single-breed dairy herds in the Trento province, a mountain area in northeast Italy. The 5 cattle breeds were Holstein-Friesian (8 herds), Brown ...
Arioli Stefania - - 2007
We investigated the carbon dioxide metabolism of Streptococcus thermophilus, evaluating the phenotype of a phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase-negative mutant obtained by replacement of a functional ppc gene with a deleted and inactive version, Deltappc. The growth of the mutant was compared to that of the parent strain in a chemically defined medium ...
Tinoco Sandra Manzato Barboza - - 2008
AIM: The presence of trans fatty acids (TFA) in human milk may be a concern because of their possible adverse nutritional effects on the infant development. TFA may interfere with the metabolism of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA). Marked variation in TFA of milk appears in different populations. No data ...
Matak K E - - 2007
Sensory and chemical consequences of treating goat milk using an UV fluid processor were assessed. Milk was exposed to UV for a cumulative exposure time of 18 s and targeted UV dose of 15.8 +/- 1.6 mJ/cm2. A triangle test revealed differences between the odor of raw milk and UV ...
Moioli B - - 2007
The effect of the stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) gene on milk fatty acid composition was tested. Cows of 3 breeds of northern Italy, Piedmontese, Valdostana, and Jersey, were genotyped at exon 5 of the SCD gene. This has been suggested as a primary candidate gene to change the proportion of saturated ...
Osthoff G - - 2007
Data are presented that indicate the dynamic changes of nutrients in milk from three free ranging African elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) cows during lactation. At the respective collection times of 12, 14 and 18 months of lactation the nutrient content was 47.3, 52.0 and 68.6 g protein; 60.7, 87.4 and ...
Dewan Sailendra - - 2007
Ethnic people of the Himalayan regions of India, Nepal, Bhutan and China consume a variety of indigenous fermented milk products made from cows milk as well as yaks milk. These lesser-known ethnic fermented foods are dahi, mohi, chhurpi, somar, philu and shyow. The population of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) ranged ...
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