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Kgwatalala P M - - 2009
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) catalyses the synthesis of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) in the mammary gland of ruminant animals. Considerable variations in CLA and MUFA have been reported among animals of the same contemporary group. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the 5' ...
Carriquiry M - - 2009
Multiparous cows (n = 59) were blocked by expected calving date and previous milk yield and assigned randomly to treatments to determine effects of bovine somatotropin (bST; Posilac, Monsanto Animal Agricultural Group, St. Louis, MO) and source of dietary fat on milk fatty acid composition during the first 140 d ...
Okada Keiji - - 2009
In order to examine the relationship between white scour and fatty acids, we added fatty acids to the milk replacer. Twenty healthy Holstein calves were divided into 4 groups, five calves per group; a control group with no fortified fatty acid, and 3 groups fed either with oleic, stearic, or ...
Schennink A - - 2009
We present the results of a genome-wide scan to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) that contribute to genetic variation in long-chain milk fatty acids. Milk-fat composition phenotypes were available on 1,905 Dutch Holstein-Friesian cows. A total of 849 cows and their 7 sires were genotyped for 1,341 single nucleotide polymorphisms ...
Yuceer Y Karagul - - 2009
Ezine cheese is a white pickled cheese ripened in tinplate containers for at least 8 mo. A mixture of milk from goat, sheep, and cow is used to make Ezine cheese. Ezine cheese has geographical indication status. The purposes of this study were to determine and compare the changes in ...
Stoop W M - - 2009
A genome-wide scan was performed to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for short- and medium-chain fatty acids (expressed in wt/wt %). Milk samples were available from 1,905 cows from 398 commercial herds in the Netherlands, and milk-fat composition was measured by gas chromatography. DNA was available from 7 of the ...
Peng Yongmei - - 2009
The influence of two different dietary patterns on maternal fatty acid (FA) intake on the composition of umbilical cord blood plasma phospholipids and transitional breast milk was investigated. A 7-day dietary record was completed in the last trimester of pregnancy by women living in an inland and a coastal area ...
Pina-Rodriguez Ashanty M - - 2009
The aim of this study was to use enzymatic interesterification techniques to modify underutilized amaranth oil as a structured lipid (SL) by increasing its palmitic acid content at the sn-2 position and incorporating docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). This SL can be partially or complementarily used in milk-based infant formulas to deliver ...
Mohammed R - - 2009
Six rumen-cannulated Holstein cows in early lactation were assigned to 3 treatments: grazing (G), zero-grazing (ZG), and grass silage (GS) harvested from the same perennial rye grass sward in a 3 x 3 Latin square design with three 21-d periods. The objectives of this study were to investigate the underlying ...
Childs Jessica L - - 2009
Flavor and texture lexicons and consumer perception for 2 cheese sauce categories, wet and dry, were determined and compared. Commercial and prototype, as well as homemade, wet (n = 24) and dry cheese sauces (n = 14) were evaluated by a trained descriptive panel (n = 9). Consumer acceptance testing ...
Benchaar C - - 2009
This study was conducted to determine whether feeding cinnamaldehyde (main component of cinnamon bark essential oil; Cinnamon cassia), condensed tannins from quebracho trees (Schinopsis balansae), or saponins from Yucca schidigera altered the milk fatty acid profile of dairy cows. For this purpose, 4 lactating cows were used in 4 x ...
Nalame Nannapat - - 2009
The goals of this study were to determine L-ascorbic acid concentrations in various milk products, and to evaluate the effect of storage time on L-ascorbic acid in milk. Commercial plain milk samples were obtained from either a raw-food market or a supermarket, in Mae Hia, Mueang District, Chiang Mai Province, ...
Gómez-Cortés Pilar - - 2009
Rumen biohydrogenation of dietary alpha-linolenic acid gives rise in ruminants to accumulation of fatty acid intermediates, some of which may be transferred into milk. Rumelenic acid [cis-9 trans-11 cis-15 C18:3 (RLnA)] has recently been characterized, but other C18:3 minor isomers are still unknown. The objective of this work was to ...
Abilleira Eunate - - 2009
Typically, two different flock managements are employed by basque sheepherders in winter and spring. Thus, seasonal changes in the fatty acid (FA) composition of Idiazabal PDO farmhouse cheeses were studied. Ewe's raw milk cheeses elaborated in winter and spring were collected after 120 days of ripening from 10 Idiazabal PDO ...
Xu Baojun - - 2009
The objectives of this work were to assess antioxidant activities and phenolic compounds of soy milk as affected by traditional and ultrahigh-temperature (UHT) processing. Three soybean varieties were processed into raw soy milk and then cooked soy milk by indirect and direct UHT methods (both at 143 degrees C for ...
Kaylegian K E - - 2009
Our objective was to determine whether data from a previous study using model milk emulsions to characterize the influence of variation in fatty acid chain length and unsaturation on mid-infrared (MIR) fat predictions could be used to identify a strategy to improve the accuracy of MIR fat predictions on a ...
Handojo Aldo - - 2009
This study investigated residual bacteria and different food types left on tableware items after various washing and sanitization protocols. Escherichia coli K-12 and Staphylococcus epidermidis were inoculated into whole milk and soft cream cheese. The milk was used to contaminate regular drinking glasses and the cheese was used to contaminate ...
Attaie R - - 2009
Goat milk Jack cheeses were manufactured with different levels of proteolytic endo- and exopeptidases from lysed bacterial cultures and aged for 30 wk. The aroma compounds that are potentially important in contributing the typical flavor of goat milk Jack cheese were quantified using static headspace gas chromatography. The concentrations of ...
Hauff Simone - - 2009
Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) are important constituents of dietary fats. While cis-configurated isomers belong to the classic fatty acids of food, trans-fatty acids are suspected to pose a risk to human health. In either case, a thorough assessment of both positional and geometrical isomers of MUFAs is an important task ...
Slots T - - 2009
To investigate the effect of the dietary intake of the cow on milk composition, bulk-tank milk was collected on 5 occasions from conventional (n = 15) and organic (n = 10) farms in Denmark and on 4 occasions from low-input nonorganic farms in the United Kingdom, along with management and ...
Theurer M L - - 2009
Recent research has focused on the importance of supplying essential fatty acids to the lactating dairy cow. The addition of essential fatty acids, specifically linoleic and linolenic acid, to dairy cow diets has been investigated as a method to increase reproductive efficiency. Rumen bacteria, however, biohydrogenate polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) ...
Kgwatalala P M - - 2009
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the coding region of the bovine stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 gene have been predicted to result in p.293A (alanine at amino acid 293) and p.293V (valine at amino acid 293) alleles at the stearoyl-CoA desaturase1 locus. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the extent to ...
Alves M Madalena MM IBB - Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Braga, Portugal. - - 2009
The position of high-rate anaerobic technology (HR-AnWT) in the wastewater treatment and bioenergy market can be enhanced if the range of suitable substrates is expanded. Analyzing existing technologies, applications and problems, it is clear that, until now, wastewaters with high lipids content are not effectively treated by HR-AnWT. Nevertheless, waste ...
Liu Chin-Feng - - 2009
In this study, Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei NTU101 and Lactobacillus plantarum NTU 102 were used as starter to ferment soy-skim milk, and the optimal mixing ratio was evaluated. The influence of lactic acid bacteria (LAB)-fermented soy-skim milk on mucosal integrity in a gastric mucosal lesion rat model was also investigated. ...
Santillo A - - 2009
Cheeses manufactured using traditional lamb rennet paste, lamb rennet paste containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, and lamb rennet paste containing a mix of Bifidobacterium lactis and Bifidobacterium longum were characterized for the lipolytic pattern during ripening. Lipase activity of lamb rennet paste, lamb rennet containing Lb. acidophilus, and lamb rennet containing a ...
Minervini Fabio - - 2009
A screening among five lactic acid bacteria, used alone or in combination, led to select a mixed starter (Streptococcus thermophilus CR12, Lactobacillus casei LC01, Lactobacillus helveticus PR4, Lactobacillus plantarum 1288) capable to produce a fermented goats' milk containing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory peptides. The fermented milk ...
Samur Gülhan - - 2009
The aim of this study was to determine the fatty acid composition and trans fatty acid and fatty acid contents of breast milk in Turkish women and to find the effect of breastfeeding mothers' diet on trans fatty acid and fatty acid composition. Mature milk samples obtained from 50 Turkish ...
Nagaoka Kentaro - - 2009
The innate immune system plays an important role in protecting organs that are continuous with the outer surface of the body from bacterial infection. The antibacterial factors involved in this system have been sought in exocrine glands, particularly in the mammary glands. Because milk produced in the mammary glands is ...
von Ehrenstein Ondine S - - 2009
Polyfluoroalkyl chemicals (PFCs) comprise a group of man-made organic compounds, some of which are persistent contaminants with developmental toxicity shown in laboratory animals. There is a paucity of human perinatal exposure data. The US EPA conducted a pilot study (Methods Advancement for Milk Analysis) including 34 breastfeeding women in North ...
Abeijón Mukdsi María C - - 2009
The present work evaluates the contribution of esterase activities of lactic acid bacteria isolated from ewe's dairy products to the release of free fatty acids (FFA) in ewe's milk cheese models. At 60 days of ripening, single-strain cheeses Ov 409 and Ov 421 showed high levels of total FFA (3075 ...
Urashima Tadasu - - 2009
Neutral and acidic oligosaccharides were isolated from the milk or colostrum of four great ape species (chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), bonobo (Pan paniscus), gorilla (Gorilla gorilla), and orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)) and one lesser ape species (siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus)), and their chemical structures were characterized by (1)H-NMR spectroscopy. Oligosaccharides containing the type ...
Lubary Marta - - 2009
Mixtures of fatty acid ethyl esters were produced by lipase-catalyzed ethanolysis of milk fat triglycerides. Three commercial immobilized lipases (Lipozyme TL, Lipozyme RM, and Novozym 435) were tested in different reaction conditions with the aim of maximizing the conversion of the short-chain fatty acid fraction of milk fat to flavor ...
Kilari Anitha S - - 2009
AIM: To establish the levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA) in both plasma and erythrocytes of maternal and cord blood as well as in breast milk of mothers delivering babies at term. METHODS: A total of 148 mothers delivering babies at term were recruited from Bharati Medical ...
Chen Yongfu - - 2009
Twenty-nine traditional fermented yak milk (kurut) and 15 traditional fermented Mongolian cow milk (FMCM) samples were collected from three regions of Tibet in China, and their chemical composition and microbiological properties were analyzed. Average levels of the major composition of kurut and FMCM, respectively, were as follows: total solid, 16.91+/-1.30 ...
Ma Ka Ming - - 2009
This study evaluated the dietary exposure of secondary school students in Hong Kong to benzoic acid from pre-packaged non-alcoholic beverages. Exposure was estimated using local food consumption data of secondary school students obtained by a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire in 2000 and the benzoic acid level detected in pre-packaged beverages, ...
Sánchez-Juanes Fernando - - 2009
Several components of milk fat globule membranes (MFGMs) have been reported to display beneficial health properties and some of them have been implicated in the defense of newborns against pathogens. These observations prompted us to determine the glycosphingolipid content of MFGMs and their interaction with pathogens. A comparative study with ...
Shobharani P - - 2009
Probiotic are microorganisms that, upon ingestion in adequate amounts, exert a beneficial effect on the host. In the present work, the potent probiotic Leuconostoc mesenteroides was used as a starter culture in the preparation of fermented milk beverage. The product was analyzed for protein, titrable acidity, fat, total sugar, fatty ...
Solis de los Santos F - - 2009
Campylobacter causes human foodborne illness, and epidemiological evidence indicates poultry and poultry products as a significant source of human infection. Decreasing Campylobacter in the poultry intestinal tract would decrease contamination of poultry products. Caprylic acid is a medium-chain fatty acid reported to be effective in killing a variety of bacterial ...
Kiryu T - - 2009
Lactobionic acid was first found in a Caucasian fermented milk product popularly known as "Caspian Sea yogurt" in Japan. The presence of lactobionic acid in the fermented milk was indicated by the results of both high-performance anion-exchange chromatographic analysis with pulsed amperometric detection and mass spectrometric analysis. Thereafter, the acid ...
Gérard-Champod M - - 2009
A study was conducted to characterize the bacterial and biochemical composition of the jejunoileal content of veal calves and the effect of pre-slaughter fasting time. At 22 wk of age, 22 preruminant Prim'Holstein calves fed milk replacer and pellets (mainly composed of corn) were slaughtered at 6, 12, or 24 ...
Van Haelst Y N T - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine whether concentrations of specific fatty acids in milk fat are a candidate for the early detection of subclinical ketosis. The case study included multiparous cows fed a lipogenic diet or a mixed glucogenic:lipogenic diet during the first 9 wk of lactation. Milk ...
Van Maarseveen Clare - - 2009
The goal of the present study was to monitor cuticular wax accumulation during leaf development of Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Leaves expanded linearly until they were 40-60 d old. Wax coverages of leaves on the third node increased steadily during initial leaf development, from 6.5 microg x cm(-2) on day 22 to ...
De Freitas Isabelle - - 2009
Indigenous yeasts can be detected at high populations in raw milk Cantal cheese, a French Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO) hard cheese. To investigate their use as adjunct cultures to promote flavour development in Cantalet (small Cantal) cheese, three strains isolated from raw milk Cantal cheese, Kluyveromyces lactis, Yarrowia lipolytica, ...
Husak R L - - 2008
The objective of this survey was to investigate qualitative and quantitative properties of meat from organic, free-range, and conventional broilers as currently provided to consumers. Fifteen broilers from 4 suppliers of each type were evaluated for raw meat yield, cooked meat yield, proximate composition, pH, color, lipid oxidation, fatty acid ...
Mellado-González Tania - - 2009
Fatty acids of forty-two samples of perirenal fat of goat kids reared on three different feeding systems: goat milk (B), milk replacer (R) and milk-based starter (F) have been analyzed by Gas Chromatography flame ionization detector. The lipids were extracted by melting of perirenal fat in a microwave oven. The ...
Bahna Sami L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To provide information on certain formulas that are relevant to allergy practice, focusing on their protein source and allergenicity, and to provide recommendations for selecting an optimal formula, taking into consideration efficacy, safety, palatability, and cost. DATA SOURCES: A literature search using the PubMed database for the following keywords: ...
Rutherfurd Shane M - - 2008
The amino acid composition of goat milk formulations with varying protein and carbohydrate concentrations were determined. Proteins in goat milk infant formula, goat milk growing-up formula and goat whole milk powder were hydrolysed using multiple hydrolysis time intervals. A least-squares non-linear regression model was used to predict the free and ...
Oliveira Ricardo P S - - 2009
The simultaneous effects of different binary co-cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium lactis with Streptococcus thermophilus and of different prebiotics on the production of fermented milk were investigated in this paper. In particular, we determined and compared the kinetics of acidification of milk either as such ...
Purdie Norm G - - 2009
To test the hypothesis that ammonia detoxification in ruminants consumes amino acids to the detriment of milk protein production, we infused four lactating dairy cows with ammonium acetate or sodium acetate in switchback experiments. Plasma ammonia concentrations increased to 411 microm within 1 h of the start of infusion of ...
Tyburczy C - - 2008
Trans fatty acids (FA) arise in ruminant-derived foods as a consequence of rumen biohydrogenation and are of interest because of their biological effects and potential role in chronic human diseases. Our objective was to compare 2 trans FA, elaidic acid (EA; trans-9 18:1) and vaccenic acid (VA; trans-11 18:1), with ...
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