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- - 2012
IMP2-mediated regulation of OXPHOS promotes glioblastoma CSC survival and function.
Fang Ping - - 2012
Multidrug resistance is the main cause for failure of chemotherapy. Melanoma differentiation associated gene-7/interleukin-24 (mda-7/IL-24) has been implicated in the inhibition of human tumor cell proliferation. However, the reversing effect of mda-7/IL-24 on multidrug resistance of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not fully clear. In this study, we investigated the ...
Coughlan Catherine A - - 2012
RATIONALE: Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) in cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasingly recognized. While allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) leads to deterioration of pulmonary function, the effect of A. fumigatus colonization in the absence of ABPA remains unclear. To address this we examined CF individuals with A. fumigatus who were ABPA-negative to ...
Chang Wenqiang - - 2012
Candida albicans is one of the most prevalent human opportunistic pathogens. C. albicans undergoes a yeast-to-hyphal transition that has been identified as a virulence factor as well as a critical element for mature biofilm formation. A previous study in our lab showed retigeric acid B (RAB), a lichen derived pentacyclic ...
He Zheng-Guo - - 2012
Transcription regulation translates static genome information to dynamic cell behaviors, making it central to understanding how cells interact with and adapt to their environment. However, only a limited number of transcription regulators and their target genes have been identified in the pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which has greatly impeded our understanding ...
Selvaraj P - - 2012
1,25 Dihydroxy vitamin D(3) (vitamin D(3)) is an immunomodulator and its deficiency has been associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis. We have studied the immunoregulatory role of vitamin D(3) on various chemokine expression in pulmonary tuberculosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from 21 pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) patients and 24 healthy controls ...
Hodurova Z - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR), a ubiquitous phenomenon conserved from bacteria to humans, causes serious problems in the treatment of human cancers and infections of bacterial and fungal origin. The development of MDR in yeast is frequently associated with gain-of-function mutations in the Zn(2)Cys(6) transcription factors activating the expression of several plasma ...
Jurak Igor - - 2012
Intrinsic immunity is a first-line intracellular defense against virus infection, and viruses have evolved mechanisms to counteract it. During herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, nuclear domain 10 (ND10) components localize adjacent to incoming viral genomes and generate a repressive environment for viral gene expression. Here, we found that the ND10 ...
Joseph Sunil V - - 2012
The success of Mycobacterium tuberculosis depends on its ability to withstand and survive the hazardous environment inside the macrophages that are created by reactive oxygen intermediates, reactive nitrogen intermediates, severe hypoxia, low pH, and high CO(2) levels. Therefore, an effective detoxification system is required for the pathogen to persist in ...
Cleary Ian A - - 2012
In the opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida albicans both cellular morphology and the capacity to cause disease are regulated by the transcriptional repressor Nrg1p. One of the genes repressed by Nrg1p is BRG1, which encodes a putative GATA family transcription factor. Deletion of both copies of this gene prevents hypha formation. ...
Lima Wânia R - - 2012
  Plasmodium falciparum causes the most severe form of malaria and is responsible for the majority of deaths worldwide. The mechanism of cell cycle control within intra-erythrocytic stages has been examined as a potential means of a promising way to identifying how to stop parasite development in red blood cells. ...
Chen Yuk-Kwan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Transforming growth factor β, via membrane-bound receptors and downstream Smad2-4, 7, can modulate tumorigenesis. Smad2 and Smad3 heterodimerize with Smad4, and the complex migrates to the nucleus to regulate the expression of target genes. Smad7 is a key negative regulator of this signaling pathway. This study aimed to examine ...
Cottier Fabien F School of Biosciences, University of Kent, Canterbury, United - - 2013
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a ubiquitous gas present at 0.0391% in atmospheric air and 5.5% in human blood. It forms part of numerous carboxylation and decarboxylation reactions carried out in every cell. Carbonic anhydrases (CA) enhance the hydration of CO2 to generate bicarbonate, which is subsequently used in cellular metabolism. ...
Masood Kiran Iqbal - - 2012
Suppressors of Cytokine Signaling (SOCS) molecules inhibit cytokine signaling and may regulate protective immunity in tuberculosis (TB). We investigated the association of SOCS with disease progression in patients with pulmonary TB. For this purpose we studied peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and T cells from patients with pulmonary TB (TB, ...
Xu Ke - - 2012
Colorectal carcinoma is a frequent cause of cancer-related death in the world for men and women. MicroRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression negatively at posttranscriptional level. Here we investigated the role of ADAM-17 (a desintegrin and metalloproteases 17) in multidrug-resistant colorectal carcinoma (CRC) as a novel ...
Bascones-Martínez Antonio - - 2012
Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) may be a response to oncogenic activation, acting as a natural barrier against carcinogenesis at a premalignant stage. Thus, numerous cells in premalignant lesions enter senescence, but none or few in malignant tumours. This event could be due to the loss of senescence pathway effectors, including p16 ...
Niki Makoto - - 2012
Tuberculosis remains one of the most deadly infectious diseases worldwide and is a leading public health problem. Although isoniazid (INH) is a key drug for the treatment of tuberculosis, tolerance to INH necessitates prolonged treatment, which is a concern for effective tuberculosis chemotherapy. INH is a prodrug that is activated ...
Kim Bong Jin - - 2012
Larval excretory-secretory products of Anisakis simplex are known to cause allergic reactions in humans. A cDNA library of A. simplex 3rd-stage larvae (L3) was immunoscreened with polyclonal rabbit serum raised against A. simplex L3 excretory-secretory products to identify an antigen that elicits the immune response. One cDNA clone, designated as ...
Vandeputte Patrick - - 2012
The identification of novel transcription factors associated with antifungal response may allow the discovery of fungus-specific targets for new therapeutic strategies. A collection of 241 Candida albicans transcriptional regulator mutants was screened for altered susceptibility to fluconazole, caspofungin, amphotericin B, and 5-fluorocytosine. Thirteen of these mutants not yet identified in ...
Mimche Patrice N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Curcumin is a natural plant product with antimalarial activity and immunomodulatory properties. In this study we aimed to investigate its effects on CD36 expression and CD36-mediated Plasmodium falciparum phagocytosis as well as the role played by reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ retinoid X receptor ...
Bauerová Václava - - 2012
Vacuoles play an important role in the physiology of pathogenic Candida spp. However, information on Candida albicans vacuolar enzymes, their properties, and regulation is scarce. Expression of the genes APR1 and CPY1 encoding vacuolar aspartic protease and serine carboxypeptidase, respectively, was analyzed using a clinical isolate of C. albicans. The ...
Zhong Y - - 2012
Oral Diseases (2012) Objective:  The aim of this study was to determine the expression of N-Glycolyl GM3 (NeuGcGM3) ganglioside in oral mucosal melanomas. Materials and Methods:  To assess the presence of cytidine monophospho-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMAH) mRNA, an RT-PCR assay was performed in melanoma cell line (ME), an oral mucosal ...
Augagneur Yoann - - 2012
Unique peptide-morpholino oligomer (PMO) conjugates have been designed to bind and promote the cleavage of specific mRNA as a tool to inhibit gene function and parasite growth. The new conjugates were validated using the P. falciparum gyrase mRNA as a target (PfGyrA). Assays in vitro demonstrated a selective degradation of ...
Stapleton Melanie R MR Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK. - - 2012
A central feature of TB pathogenesis is the formation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis latent infections that can persist for decades. Nitric oxide produced by infected lung macrophages promotes expression of genes associated with dormancy, and impaired nitric oxide production can lead to reactivation of latent disease. Recently, WhiB1 was identified as ...
Pelly Shaaretha S Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2012
A key to the success of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is the bacteria's ability to survive and thrive in the presence of numerous stresses mounted by the host. Small, non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) have been shown to modulate numerous stress responses in bacteria, yet to date only two studies have screened the ...
Kreppel M - - 2012
Oral Diseases (2012) Objectives:  Current clinicopathological parameters cannot predict the risk of malignant transformation in oral leukoplakia sufficiently. Recent studies have shown that podoplanin is expressed in oral cancer and precancerous lesions. The aim of our study was to assess whether podoplanin expression in pretreatment biopsies could serve as a ...
Pan Dongli - - 2012
To be clinically relevant, drug-resistant mutants must both evade drug action and retain pathogenicity. Many acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus mutants from clinical isolates have one or two base insertions (G8 and G9) or one base deletion (G6) in a homopolymeric run of seven guanines (G string) in the gene encoding ...
Liu Mingli - - 2012
The mortality of severe malaria [cerebral malaria (CM), severe malaria anemia (SMA), acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)] remains high despite the availability associated with adequate treatments. Recent studies in our laboratory and others have revealed a hitherto unknown correlation between chemokine CXCL10/CXCR3, Heme/HO-1 and STAT3 ...
Schuessler Dorothée L - - 2012
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), is a major global health threat. During infection, bacteria are believed to encounter adverse conditions such as iron depletion. Mycobacteria synthesize iron-sequestering mycobactins, which are essential for survival in the host, via the intermediate salicylate. Salicylate is a ubiquitous compound which is ...
Majumdar Shyamasree De - - 2012
The DevR(DosR) regulon is implicated in hypoxic adaptation and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The present study was designed to decipher the impact of perturbation in DevR-mediated signaling on these properties. M. tb complemented (Comp) strains expressing different levels of DevR were constructed in Mut1* background (expressing DevR N-terminal domain in ...
Minch Kyle - - 2012
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis regulator DosR is induced by multiple stimuli including hypoxia, nitric oxide and redox stress. Overlap of these stimuli with conditions thought to promote latency in infected patients fuels a model in which DosR regulon expression is correlated with bacteriostasis in vitro and a proxy for latency in ...
Punsawad Chuchard - - 2012
Malaria parasites and their products can activate a specific immune response by stimulating cytokine production in the host's immune cells. Transcription nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is an important regulator for the control of many pro-inflammatory genes, such as interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). The activation and expression ...
Kuamsab Napaporn - - 2012
Gametocyte carriage is essential for malaria transmission and endemicity of disease; thereby it is a target for malaria control strategies. Malaria-infected individuals may harbour gametocytes below the microscopic detection threshold that can be detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) targeting gametocyte-specific mRNA. To date, RT-PCR has mainly been ...
Mead Edward A - - 2012
Malaria is caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are transmitted via the bites of infected Anopheline mosquitoes. Midgut invasion is a major bottleneck for Plasmodium development inside the mosquito vectors. Malaria parasites in the midgut are surrounded by a hostile environment rich in digestive enzymes, while a rapidly responding immune system ...
Pavek Petr - - 2012
The small/short heterodimer partner (SHP, NR0B2) is a nuclear receptor corepressor lacking a DNA binding domain. SHP is induced by bile acid-activated farnesoid X receptor (FXR) resulting in CYP7A1 gene suppression. In contrast, Pregnane X receptor (PXR) activation by its ligands was recently suggested to inhibit SHP gene transactivation to ...
Reininger Luc L CNRS USR3151, Station Biologique, Place Georges Teissier, 29680, Roscoff, France. - - 2012
Malaria parasites undergo, in the vertebrate host, a developmental switch from asexual replication to sexual differentiation leading to the formation of gametocytes, the only form able to survive in the mosquito vector. Regulation of the onset of the sexual phase remains largely unknown and represents an important gap in the ...
Leung Ka Yin - - 2011
Pathogens use type VI secretion systems (T6SSs) to transport proteins into the environment or host cells in response to external stimuli. T6SSs are tightly regulated together with other virulence determinants such as type III secretion systems, quorum sensing (QS), and flagella synthesis. Five pathogens (Salmonella enterica, Edwardsiella tarda, Aeromonas hydrophila, ...
Hammer Brian K - - 2011
The two-component quorum sensing (QS) system, first described in the marine bacterium Vibrio harveyi and evolutionarily conserved among members of the genus Vibrio, has been best studied in the human pathogen Vibrio cholerae (1, 2). In the V. cholerae QS system, the response to the accumulation of extracellular autoinducers triggers ...
Zou Cheng-Gang - - 2010
Nematophagous fungi have been used as biological control agents against nematodes parasitic to plants and animals. These fungi can secret subtilisin-like extracellular serine proteases during the infection of nematodes. The expression of these subtilisin-like serine proteases is regulated by nitrogen sources, including nematode cuticle. However, the mechanisms underlying the nitrogen ...
Felek Suleyman - - 2011
Yersinia pestis genome sequencing projects have revealed six intact uncharacterized chaperone/usher systems with the potential to play roles in plague pathogenesis. We cloned each locus and expressed them in the Δfim Escherichia coli strain AAEC185 to test the assembled Y. pestis surface structures for various activities. Expression of each chaperone/usher ...
Zheng Jun J Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2010
Vibrio cholerae is a human pathogen that causes the life-threatening diarrheal disease cholera. A type VI secretion system (T6SS) was recently shown to be required for full virulence in the O37 serogroup strain V52, which causes only sporadic human disease, but T6SS is not expressed in seventh pandemic O1 El ...
Ray Sreejana - - 2011
In the enteric pathogen Vibrio cholerae, expression of the major virulence factors is controlled by the hierarchical expression of several regulatory proteins comprising the ToxR regulon. In this study, we demonstrate that disruption of the fadD gene encoding a long-chain fatty acyl coenzyme A ligase has marked effects on expression ...
Nisamedtinov Ildar - - 2011
Molecular mechanisms leading to glutathione (GSH) over-accumulation in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain produced by UV irradiation-induced random mutagenesis were studied. The mutant accumulated GSH but also cysteine and γ-glutamylcysteine in concentrations that were several fold higher than in its wild-type parent strain under all studied cultivation conditions (chemostat, fed-batch, and ...
Georis Isabelle I Institut de Recherches Microbiologiques J.-M. Wiame, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, B1070 Brussels, - - 2011
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), a central Tor pathway phosphatase consisting of a catalytic subunit (Pph21 or Pph22), a scaffold subunit (Tpd3), and one of two regulatory subunits (Cdc55 or Rts1), has been repeatedly shown to play important roles in cytoplasmically localized signal transduction activities. In contrast, its involvement in intranuclear ...
Bermejo Clara - - 2010
Cell wall stress in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is known to trigger an adaptive transcriptional response. This response is mediated by a specific MAPK cell wall integrity (CWI) signal transduction pathway and affects the expression of many genes whose products are involved in the remodeling of the cellular envelope. ...
Teixeira M C - - 2010
Multidrug resistance is often the result of the activation of drug efflux pumps able to catalyze the extrusion of the toxic compound to the outer medium, this activation being frequently controlled at the transcriptional level. Transcriptional regulation in the model eukaryote S. cerevisiae is the result of the interaction and ...
Rostagno Laura - - 2010
ABSTRACT The role of Cpkk1, a mitogen-activated protein kinase from Cryphonectria parasitica, was investigated by generating a number of mutant strains that overexpress, under the control of the cryparin promoter, both the wild-type protein and its allele with an extensive deletion in the catalytic domain. Furthermore, a hairpin construct was ...
Hervás Ana B - - 2010
Nitrogen-regulated genes in enterobacteria are positively controlled by the transcriptional activator of σ(N) -dependent promoters NtrC, either directly or indirectly, through the dual regulator Nac. Similar to enterobacteria, gdhA encoding glutamate dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas putida is one of the few genes that is induced by excess nitrogen. In P. putida, ...
Chatterjee Asita - - 2010
Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora causes soft-rotting (tissue-macerating) disease in many plants and plant organs. Although pectinases are the primary determinants of virulence, several ancillary factors that augment bacterial virulence have also been identified. One such factor is bacterial motility. Flagellum formation and bacterial movement are regulated in many enterobacteria, including ...
Nickel Jens - - 2010
The addition of fatty acids to either Escherichia coli or Bacillus subtilis elicits an elaborate cellular response of the lipid metabolism. We found that in Corynebacterium glutamicum the expression of accD1 encoding the β-subunit of the essential acetyl-CoA carboxylase is repressed in acetate-grown cells without the addition of fatty acids. ...
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