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Cho Sunghee S School of life Sciences, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712, - - 2014
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive genetic disease and a leading cause of infant mortality. Deletions or mutations in SMN1, a gene that encodes SMN protein, which regulates assembly/disassembly of U snRNP and are suggested to direct axonal transport of β-actin mRNA in neurons, are responsible for most ...
Castro Edgar Neri - - 2013
The composition and toxicological profile of the venom of the rattlesnake Crotalus simus in Mexico was analyzed at the subspecies and individual levels. Venoms of the subspecies C. s. simus, C. s. culminatus and C. s. tzabcan greatly differ in the expression of the heterodimeric neurotoxin complex 'crotoxin', with highest ...
Ali Shadan - - 2012
Human pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease, which has been recapitulated in transgenic animal model that provides unique opportunity for mechanistic understanding of disease progression and also for testing the efficacy of novel therapeutics. Emerging evidence suggests deregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in human PC, and thus we investigated ...
Ding Ming - - 2012
Runx2 is a known master transcription factor for osteoblast differentiation, as well as an essential regulator for chondrocyte maturation. Recently, more and more data has shown that Runx2 regulates hypertrophic chondrocyte-specific type X collagen gene (Col10a1) expression in different species. However, how Runx2 regulation of Col10a1 expression impacts chondrocyte maturation, ...
Grainge Christopher C Academic Unit of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Southampton University Faculty of Medicine, NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit and Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Facility, Southampton, UK. - - 2012
Resistin-like molecule-β (RELM-β) is a necessary and sufficient stimulus for airway remodelling in animal models of asthma, but until recently, its role in human disease had not been investigated. The hypothesis that RELM-β expression would increase with increasing asthma severity and further increase following acute bronchoconstrictor challenges has been examined. ...
Amin Shilu - - 2012
Zeta-associated protein of 70 kD (ZAP70) is a recognized adverse prognostic marker in chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) associated with enhanced B-cell receptor signalling, significantly more aggressive disease course and poor overall survival. Zeta-associated protein of 70 kD is ordinarily expressed in T cells where it has a crucial role in ...
Laschi Marcella M Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Università degli Studi di Siena, Siena, - - 2012
Alkaptonuria (AKU) results from defective homogentisate1,2-dioxygenase (HGD), causing degenerative arthropathy. The deposition of ochronotic pigment in joints is so far attributed to homogentisic acid produced by the liver, circulating in the blood and accumulating locally. Human normal and AKU osteoarticular cells were tested for HGD gene expression by RT-PCR, mono- ...
Ogino Keiki - - 2012
The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of an arginase inhibitor, N-hydroxy-nor-L: -arginine (nor-NOHA) and a corticosteroid, prednisolone, in an intranasal mite-induced NC/Nga mouse model of asthma. The treatment with nor-NOHA and prednisolone inhibited the increase in airway hyperresponsiveness, the number of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cells, protein expression ...
Li Di - - 2012
PURPOSE: A20 gene functions in negative immunoregulation and its SNP is related to SLE disease. But its expression level in immune cells from SLE patients is still unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate whether the expression of A20 is associated with pathogenesis of SLE. METHODS: Real-time transcription-polymerase ...
Liu Feng - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) in pediatric asthma and to determine candidate miRNAs responsible for the pathogenesis of this disease. Microarrays were used to detect the differences in the miRNA expression levels between asthmatic children and controls. Airway inflammation was evaluated ...
Drayton Ross M - - 2012
Resistance to the cytotoxic effects of cisplatin can be mediated through changes in a wide variety of cellular processes and signalling pathways. The discovery of microRNAs as regulators of protein expression through the targeting of mRNA has led to a number of studies on the effect of cisplatin treatment on ...
Wan Xuan - - 2012
The effects of ATP-sensitive mitochondrial K(+) channel (mitoK(ATP)) on mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm), cell proliferation and protein kinase C alpha (PKCα) expression in airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) were investigated. Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were immunized with saline (controls) or ovalbumin (OVA) with alum (asthma models). ASMCs were cultured from ...
Wierda Rutger J - - 2012
Previously, we have shown that CCR5 transcription is regulated by CREB-1. However, the ubiquitous pattern of CREB-1 expression suggests the involvement of an additional level of transcriptional control in the cell type-specific expression of CCR5. In this study, we show that epigenetic changes (i.e. DNA methylation and histone modifications) within ...
Rajabi Peyman - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study compares the expression levels of tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 4 (TNFSF4) and TNF-R-associated factor 2 (TRAF2) mRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) against healthy controls. The association of SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) and clinical features of ...
Johnson Nathalie A - - 2012
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is curable in 60% of patients treated with rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). MYC translocations, with or without BCL2 translocations, have been associated with inferior survival in DLBCL. We investigated whether expression of MYC protein, with or without BCL2 protein expression, could ...
Takami Satoru - - 2012
Background: Mucus hypersecretion from airway epithelium is a characteristic feature of severe asthma. Glucocorticoids (GCs) may suppress mucus production and diminish the harmful airway obstruction. We investigated the ability of GCs to suppress mRNA expression and protein synthesis of a gene encoding mucin, MUC5AC, induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-α ...
Wójcik Katarzyna - - 2012
 Bronchial asthma is accompanied by airway remodeling as well as increased secretion of cytokines, growth factors, and extracellular matrix proteins. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been suggested to contribute to many fibrotic disorders. However, the ability of human bronchial fibroblasts (HBFs) to express CTGF in response to transforming growth ...
Laurent Maryvonne - - 2012
NOV/CCN3 is one of the founding members of the CCN (Cyr61 CTGF NOV) family. In the avian retina, CCN3 expression is mostly located within the central region of the inner nuclear layer. As retinal development progresses and this retinal layer differentiates and matures, CCN3 expression forms a dorsal-ventral and a ...
Hu Su-Juan - - 2012
Ikaros family zinc finger 1, encoded by IKZF1, are lymphoid-restricted zinc finger transcription factors that share common N-terminal Kruppel-like zinc finger DNA-binding domain. IKZF1 play multiple important roles on regulators of lymphocyte differentiation and hematological tumor suppressor. Our genome-wide association (GWA) studies in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) independently identified genetic ...
Willson Tara A TA Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2012
Genotypic variation in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) increases risk for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and STAT3-dependent inflammatory networks are induced in the colon in these patients. We hypothesized that STAT3 "A" risk allele carriage would be associated with increased cellular STAT3 activation and colon leukocyte recruitment. ...
Fan Wei - - 2012
OBJECTIVE.: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) function to fine-tune the control of immune cell signaling. It is well established that there are abnormalities in the interleukin-2 (IL-2)-related signaling pathways in lupus. miR-31 has been identified as being markedly under-expressed in lupus patients. Here, we investigated the role of miR-31 in IL-2 defect in ...
Xie Yan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Drugs targeting individual G protein-coupled receptors are used as asthma therapies, but this strategy is limited because of G protein-coupled receptor signal redundancy. Regulator of G protein signaling 2 (RGS2), an intracellular selective inhibitor of multiple bronchoconstrictor receptors, may play a central role in the pathophysiology and treatment of ...
Sun Yulan - - 2012
Accumulated evidence suggests that p53 plays an important role in the regulation of metabolism and intracellular redox homeostasis through transcription-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Mitochondria, the power plant of cells, provide cells with ATP for their functions by regulating energy metabolism. In addition, as the byproducts of metabolism, reactive oxygen species ...
Shim E-J - - 2012
High-mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) belonging to endogenous danger signals prolongs eosinophil survival and acts as a chemoattractant. The authors evaluated the role of HMGB1 in the pathogenesis of asthma characterized by eosinophilic airway inflammation. Firstly, HMGB1 expressions in induced sputum obtained from human asthmatics were determined. This was ...
Hyseni Xhevahire - - 2012
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is associated with adverse pulmonary effects, including induction and exacerbation of asthma. Recently arginase was shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma. In this study, it was postulated that PM exposure might induce arginase. Human bronchial epithelial cells (HBEC) obtained from ...
Hayashi Hisamitsu - - 2012
The bile salt export pump (BSEP) mediates the biliary excretion of bile salts and its dysfunction induces intrahepatic cholestasis. Reduced canalicular expression of BSEP resulting from the promotion of its internalization is one of the causes of this disease state. However, the molecular mechanism underlying BSEP internalization from the canalicular ...
Kummer Nicolas T - - 2012
Arachidonate 5-lipoxygenase (ALOX5) expression and activity has been implicated in tumor pathogenesis, yet its role in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has not been characterized. ALOX5 protein and mRNA were upregulated in PTC compared to matched, normal thyroid tissue, and ALOX5 expression correlated with invasive tumor histopathology. Evidence suggests that PTC ...
Puri Nitin - - 2012
Patho-physiological conditions with high oxidative stress, such as conditions associated with increased denatured heme-proteins, are associated with enhanced adipogenic response. This effect predominantly manifests as adipocyte hypertrophy characterized by dysfunctional, pro-inflammatory adipocytes exhibiting reduced expression of anti-inflammatory hormone, adiponectin. To understand how increased levels of cellular heme, a pro-oxidant molecule, ...
Bukowska A - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation induces ischaemic microcirculatory flow abnormalities in the ventricle, contributing to the risk for acute coronary syndromes. We evaluated the effect of dronedarone on ventricular perfusion during rapid atrial pacing (RAP). Coronary and fractional flow reserve (CFR/FFR) were measured in the left anterior descending artery in 29 pigs. Six ...
Koch A - - 2012
PPARγ agonists [thiazolidinediones (TZDs)] are known to exert anti-fibrotic effects in the kidney. In addition, we previously demonstrated that sphingosine kinase 1 (SK-1) and intracellular sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), by reducing the expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), have a protective role in the fibrotic process. Here, we investigated the effect ...
Lee Hae Young HY Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, - - 2012
Precise regulation of neuroprogenitor cell proliferation and differentiation is required for successful brain development, but the factors that contribute to this are only incompletely understood. The transcription factor ATF5 promotes proliferation of cerebral cortical neuroprogenitor cells and its down regulation permits their differentiation. Here, we examine the expression and regulation ...
Liu Guoyuan G State Key Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR - - 2012
Activation of β-catenin, the central effector of the canonical wingless-type (Wnt) pathway, has been implicated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the transcription regulation mechanism of the β-catenin gene in HCC remains unknown. Here we report that human zinc finger protein 191 (ZNF191) is a potential regulator of β-catenin transcription. ZNF191, ...
Bae Sungmin - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The effects of β-catenin promoter haplotypes on its mRNA expression levels and asthma risks were investigated in Korean subjects. DESIGN AND METHODS: The genotype analyses were conducted by a Taqman method for 684 Korean subjects, 400 controls and 284 with asthma. Measurement of mRNA expression levels in peripheral blood ...
Narbutt Joanna - - 2012
There are scarce data on immunochemical properties of pemphigus antibodies detected in clinical remission in pemphigus vulgaris (PV) patients. The aim of the study was to compare biological activity of anti-Dsg3 autoantibodies purified from the sera of PV patients in active stage and in clinical remission. The effect of purified ...
Zhou Xiuxia - - 2012
CCL11/eotaxin-1 is a potent eosinophilic CC chemokine expressed by primary human fibroblasts. The combination of TGF-β1 and IL-13 synergistically increases CCL11 expression, but the mechanisms behind the synergy are unclear. To address this, human airway fibroblast cultures from normal and asthmatic subjects were exposed to IL-13 alone or TGF-β1 plus ...
Gambichler Thilo - - 2012
There is increasing evidence that cytokines as well as chemokines are important players in the pathogenesis of lupus erythematosus (LE). We aimed to compare cytokine and chemokine profiles in different types of cutaneous LE. We investigated lesional mRNA and protein expression of various cytokines and chemokines in patients with chronic ...
Jude Joseph A JA Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, 1971 Commonwealth Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108, - - 2012
The ADP-ribosyl cyclase activity of CD38 generates cyclic ADP-ribose, a Ca(2+)-mobilizing agent. In human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells, TNF-α mediates CD38 expression through mitogen-activated protein kinases and NF-κB and AP-1. The phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/Akt (PI3K/Akt) pathway is involved in TNF-α signaling and contributes to airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodeling. We ...
Sedlmayr Peter - - 2012
This review focuses on the placental expression of the tryptophan-degrading enzyme indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) and its potential roles, which may not only encompass immunosuppression and antimicrobial activity, but also vasodilation based on the endothelial expression on both sides of the feto-maternal interface.
Zhang Wei-She - - 2012
The neuromedin B receptor (Nmbr) is an important physiological regulator of spontaneous activities and stress responses through different cascades as well as its autocrine and paracrine effects. Previous studies have revealed that neuromedin B (Nmb) and its receptor signal via the Rela (also known as p65)/Il6 pathway in a mouse ...
Zhou Hao - - 2012
Hypoxia-inducible factor-α (HIF-1α) is the key transcription factor involved in the adaptive response to hypoxia. It has been established that HIF-1α is overexpressed in various human cancers, including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), and orchestrates a wide spectrum of many key cancer molecular pathways involved in diverse tumor progression. In ...
Ciarmela Pasquapina - - 2012
Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) regulates growth and differentiation signaling of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), GRK2 and NF-kappaB pathways each of which regulates cytotrophoblast differentiation and normal placental development. We show here that RKIP is expressed in human normal and preeclampic placentas as detected by immunostaining. RKIP was detected in ...
Chai Jin - - 2012
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 3 (MRP3, ABC subfamily C [ABCC]3) plays an important role in protecting hepatocytes and other tissues by excreting an array of toxic organic anion conjugates, including bile salts. MRP3/ABCC3 expression is increased in the liver of some cholestatic patients, but the molecular mechanism of this up-regulation remains ...
Zemskov Evgeny A - - 2012
Although the pivotal role of platelet derived growth factor (PDGF)-mediated signaling in vascular diseases was demonstrated, the pathophysiological mechanisms driving its over-activation remain incompletely understood. Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a multifunctional protein expressed in the vasculature, including smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and implicated in several vascular pathologies. The goal of ...
Baniwal Sanjeev K - - 2012
Prolactin-Induced Protein (PIP) is a small polypeptide expressed by breast and prostate cancer (BCa, PCa) cells. However, both the regulation of PIP expression and its function in cancer cells are poorly understood. Using BCa and PCa cells, we found that Runx2, a pro-metastatic transcription factor, functionally interacts with the Androgen ...
Uhm Tae Gi - - 2012
DNA methylation may regulate gene expression by restricting the access of transcription factors. We have previously demonstrated that GATA-1 regulates the transcription of the CCR3 gene by dynamically interacting with both positively and negatively acting GATA elements of high affinity binding in the proximal promoter region including exon 1. Exon ...
Wen Wen - - 2012
Cyclin G1 deficiency is associated with reduced incidence of carcinogen-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its function in HCC progression remains obscure. We report a critical role of cyclin G1 in HCC metastasis. Elevated expression of cyclin G1 was detected in HCCs (60.6%), and its expression levels were even higher in ...
Agrawal Tanupriya - - 2012
A potent immunomodulatory role of Vitamin D in both innate and adaptive immunity has recently been appreciated. In allergic asthma, activation of NF-кB induces transcription of various cytokines and chemokines involved in allergic airway inflammation. The nuclear import of activated NF-кB p50/RelA subunit is dependent on importin α3 (KPNA4) and ...
Chen Qiang Q Department of Hepatobiliary Pancreas and Vessel Surgery, Chenggong Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, - - 2012
Transcriptional coactivator amplified in breast cancer 1 (AIB1) plays important roles in the progression of several cancers such as prostate cancer, breast cancer, and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, its role in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a chemoresistant bile duct carcinoma with a poor prognosis, remains unclear. In this study we found that AIB1 ...
Jin Rui - - 2012
The first genetic factor identified for childhood asthma by genome-wide association study (GWAS) is the locus on chromosome 17q21, harboring the Orosomucoid 1-like 3 (ORMDL3) gene. ORMDL3 is implicated in facilitation of endoplasmic reticulum-mediated inflammatory responses, believed to underlie its association with asthma. In the present study, we demonstrated that ...
Ramani Komal - - 2012
Methionine adenosyltransferases (MATs) are critical enzymes that catalyze the formation of the methyl donor S-adenosyl methionine (SAM). The MAT2A gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit α2, is induced in dedifferentiated liver. We previously demonstrated that MAT2A expression is enhanced in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and that silencing this gene ...
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