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Ryu Hong-Yeoul HY Division of Molecular and Life Sciences, College of Science and Technology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Republic of - - 2014
The post-translational modification of histones has been implicated in the regulation of cellular lifespan. Previously, we reported that cellular aging is associated with increased ubiquitylation of histone H2B and methylation of histone H3 at lysines 4 and 79 in yeast telomeric heterochromatin. Here, we show the antagonistic role of Set2 ...
Tagle Diana K Jiménez DK Laboratorio de Investigación en Citopatología e Histoquímica, Unidad Académica de Ciencias Químico Biológicas Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero Avenida Lázaro Cárdenas, Ciudad Universitaria Chilpancingo, Guerrero, México. C.P. 39090, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between expression of HPV16 E6, p53 and p21 proteins and the physical state of HPV16 in cervical cytologies without squamous intraepithelial lesions (Non-SIL) and with low grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL), both with HPV16 infection. 101 liquid-based cytological samples were ...
Szymanski Jeffrey J - - 2013
Prolonged translation arrest in post-ischemic hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons precludes translation of induced stress genes and directly correlates with cell death. We evaluated the regulation of mRNAs containing adenine- and uridine-rich elements (ARE) by assessing HuR protein and hsp70 mRNA nuclear translocation, HuR polysome binding, and translation state analysis of ...
Kim Su-Jung - - 2013
We examined whether steady-state mRNA levels of five tumor suppressor genes are subjected to oxidative stress. Superoxide radical-generating menadione and serum deprivation diminished the steady-state mRNA levels for the genes phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), ubiquitin specific peptidase 28 (USP28), damage-regulated autophagy modulator (DRAM), TP53-induced glycolysis and apoptosis regulator (TIGAR), ...
Gaeta X - - 2013
Addition of a specific set of transcription factors reprograms somatic cell nuclei to a pluripotent state. Sequential addition of these factors, rather than the simultaneous exposure used in standard protocols, improves reprogramming efficiency. This sequential method favours a transition through a state with enhanced mesenchymal characteristics before driving an epithelial ...
Nikinmaa M M Department of Biology, University of Turku, 20014, Finland. - - 2013
Evolutionary and acclimatory responses require functional variability, but in contrast with mRNA and protein abundance data, most physiological measurements cannot be obtained in a high-throughput manner. Consequently, one must either rely on high-throughput transcriptomic or proteomic data with only predicted functional information, or accept the limitation that most physiological measurements ...
Sinclair Duncan D 1] Schizophrenia Research Institute, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia [2] Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia [3] School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia [4] Neuropsychiatric Signaling Program, Center for Neurobiology and Behavior, Department of Psychiatry, University of - - 2013
Molecular abnormalities within the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) stress signaling pathway may confer, or reflect, susceptibility to stress in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, but the extent of such abnormalities in the brain is not known. Using RNA-Seq and qPCR in two postmortem cohorts totaling 55 schizophrenia, 34 bipolar disorder and 55 ...
Shinde Suhas - - 2012
The moss, Physcomitrella patens is a non-seed land plant belonging to early diverging lineages of land plants following colonization of land in the Ordovician period in Earth's history. Evidence suggests that mosses can be highly tolerant of abiotic stress. We showed previously that dehydration stress and abscisic acid treatments induced ...
Kusch Thomas - - 2012
Since its discovery more than a decade ago, H3K4 methylation has become synonymous with transcription. We only now have begun to realize that the distinct states of H3K4 methylation have unique distributions and specialized roles in other chromatin-related processes. Here, I discuss recent findings addressing their regulation and functions.
Wang Zhengchao - - 2012
Echinomycin is a small-molecule inhibitor of hypoxia- inducible factor-1 DNA-binding activity, which plays a crucial role in ovarian ovulation in mammalians. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α-mediated endothelin (ET)-2 expressions contributed to ovarian ovulation in response to human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) during gonadotropin-induced ...
Climent María M Departamento de Anatomía, Embriología y Genética Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, - - 2013
Rex1/Zfp42 is a nuclear protein that is highly conserved in mammals, and widely used as an embryonic stem (ES) cell marker. Although Rex1 expression is associated with enhanced pluripotency, loss-of-function models recently described do not exhibit major phenotypes, and both preimplantation development and ES cell derivation appear normal in the ...
Arc Erwann - - 2012
Despite having very similar initial pools of stored mRNAs and proteins in the dry state, mature Arabidopsis seeds can either proceed toward radicle protrusion or stay in a dormant state upon imbibition. Dormancy breaking, a prerequisite to germination completion, can be induced by different treatments though the underlying mechanisms remain ...
Peretz Jackye - - 2012
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an estrogenic chemical used to manufacture many commonly used plastic and epoxy resin-based products. BPA ubiquitously binds to estrogen receptors throughout the body, including estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) in the ovary. Few studies have investigated the effects of BPA on ovarian antral follicles. Thus, we tested ...
Dominguez Gustavo A - - 2012
Fish vitellogenin synthesized and released from the liver of oviparous animals is taken up into oocytes by the vitellogenin receptor. This is an essential process in providing nutrient yolk to developing embryos to ensure successful reproduction. Here we disclose the full length vtgr cDNA sequence for largemouth bass (LMB) that ...
Koike Nobuya - - 2012
The mammalian circadian clock involves a transcriptional feed back loop in which CLOCK and BMAL1 activate the Period and Cryptochrome genes, which then feedback and repress their own transcription. We have interrogated the transcriptional architecture of the circadian transcriptional regulatory loop on a genome scale in mouse liver and find ...
Rigato Chiara - - 2012
Microglia are known to invade the mammalian spinal cord (SC) at an early embryonic stage. While the mechanisms underlying this early colonization of the nervous system are still unknown, we recently found that it is associated, at least partially, with the ability of microglia to proliferate at the onset of ...
Makkena Srilakshmi - - 2012
Gamete formation is an important step in the life cycle of sexually reproducing organisms. In flowering plants, haploid spores are formed after the meiotic division of spore mother cells. These spores develop into male and female gametophytes containing gametes after undergoing mitotic divisions. In the female, the megaspore mother cell ...
Hsu Cynthia L - - 2012
We investigated the roles of p120 catenin, Cdc42, Rac1, and RhoA GTPases in regulating migration of presomitic mesoderm cells in zebrafish embryos. p120 catenin has dual roles: It binds the intracellular and juxtamembrane region of cadherins to stabilize cadherin-mediated adhesion with the aid of RhoA GTPase, and it activates Cdc42 ...
Woo Ho-Hyung - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) plays an important role in ovarian cancer biology and as a prognostic factor in ovarian cancer. Elevated levels of CSF-1 promote progression of ovarian cancer, by binding to CSF-1R (the tyrosine kinase receptor encoded by c-fms proto-oncogene).Post-transcriptional regulation of CSF-1 mRNA by its 3' ...
Saraiva Naiara Zoccal - - 2012
Despite extensive efforts, low efficiency is still an issue in bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). The hypothesis of our study was that the use of cytoplasts produced by chemically assisted enucleation (EN) would improve nuclear reprogramming in nuclear transfer (NT)-derived embryos because it results in lower damage and higher ...
Lu Hong - - 2012
HOXA10 is an important gene for endometrial receptivity and plays a regulatory role in the adult female reproductive tract. It is regulated by epigenetic modulation in the CpG clusters of promoter in some cases. The aim of this study was to investigate HOXA10 expression and the epigenetic regulation in the ...
Ramón Luis A - - 2012
Which is the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) related to several angiogenesis regulators such as VEGF-A (Vascular endothelial growth factor-A) and TSP-1 (Thrombospondin-1) in endometrial cancer? A dysregulated expression of miRNAs related to angiogenesis and an increase in the VEGF-A levels were observed in endometrial cancer in comparison with control. The ...
Jørgensen Anne - - 2012
The mitosis-meiosis switch is a key event in the differentiation of germ cells. In humans, meiosis is initiated in fetal ovaries, whereas in testes meiotic entry is inhibited until puberty. The purpose of this study was to examine the expression pattern of meiosis regulators in human gonads and to investigate ...
Wada Tadashi - - 2012
Gene downregulation by antisense morpholino oligonucleotides (MOs) is achieved by either hybridization around the translation initiation codon or by targeting the splice donor site. In the present study, an antisense MO method is introduced that uses a 25-mer MO against a region at least 40-nt upstream from a poly(A) tail ...
Braud Christopher - - 2012
Early embryogenesis in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) is distinguished by a predictable pattern of cell divisions and is a good system for investigating mechanisms of developmental pattern formation. Here, we identified a gene called LONO1 (LNO1) in Arabidopsis in which mutations can abolish the first asymmetrical cell division of the zygote, ...
Talluri Srikanth - - 2012
Commitment to divide is one of the most crucial steps in the mammalian cell division cycle. It is critical for tissue and organismal homeostasis, and consequently is highly regulated. The vast majority of cancers evade proliferative control, further emphasizing the importance of the commitment step in cell cycle regulation. The ...
Song Jia L - - 2012
FoxY is a member of the forkhead transcription factor family that appeared enriched in the presumptive germ line of sea urchins (Ransick et al. Dev Biol 2002;246:132). Here, we test the hypothesis that FoxY is involved in germ line determination in this animal. We found two splice forms of FoxY ...
Simpkins Fiona - - 2012
More effective, less toxic treatments for recurrent ovarian cancer are needed. Although more than 60% of ovarian cancers express the estrogen receptor (ER), ER-targeted drugs have been disappointing due to drug resistance. In other estrogen-sensitive cancers, estrogen activates Src to phosphorylate p27 promoting its degradation and increasing cell-cycle progression. Because ...
Guzeloglu-Kayisli Ozlem O Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, 310 Cedar Street, LSOG 304D, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2012
Gene expression during oocyte maturation and early embryogenesis up to zygotic genome activation requires translational activation of maternally-derived mRNAs. EPAB [embryonic poly(A)-binding protein] is the predominant poly(A)-binding protein during this period in Xenopus, mouse and human. In Xenopus oocytes, ePAB stabilizes maternal mRNAs and promotes their translation. To assess the ...
Eswari S - - 2012
Summary The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation of recombinant leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in culture media on blastocyst development, total cell number and blastocyst hatching rates and the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis of preimplantation buffalo embryos to determine whether they contain the LIF-encoding ...
Su Shifeng - - 2012
Progesterone acting through the progesterone receptor (PR) and its coregulators prepares the human endometrium for receptivity to embryo implantation and maintains pregnancy. The menstrual cycle-dependent expression of melanoma antigen-A11 (MAGE-11) in the mid-secretory human endometrium suggested a novel function in human PR signaling. Here we show that MAGE-11 is an ...
Zhang Ling - - 2012
Enhanced apoptosis of the cytotrophoblast in early pregnancy is associated with a high risk of preeclampsia. We and others have previously reported that the transcriptional factor, activator protein AP-2α, suppressed trophoblast migration and invasion. However, it is not clear whether AP-2α affects apoptosis in trophoblast cells and whether it regulates ...
Tomek Wolfgang - - 2012
Translational control is particularly important in situations where the correlation of a distinct mRNA and the abundance of the corresponding protein might be low. This is the case for instance during oocyte maturation, shortly before the GVBD when the chromatin is condensed, until the embryonic genome is activated. In these ...
Adam M - - 2012
Is decorin (DCN), a putative modulator of growth factor (GF) signaling, expressed in the primate ovary and does it play a role in ovarian biology? DCN expression in the theca, the corpus luteum (CL), its presence in the follicular fluid (FF) and its actions revealed in human IVF-derived granulosa cells ...
Pellegrini Chiara - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression of estrogen receptors α and β as well as their target genes implicated in proliferation, c-myc, Cyclin D1, and GREB1, in the endometrium of women with or without endometriosis. DESIGN: Expression analysis in human tissue. SETTING: University hospitals and a clinic. PATIENT(S): Ninety-one premenopausal women ...
Guo H - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) belongs to the group of lipid messengers, which plays a pivotal role in the establishment of implantation via its cellular receptor, LPA3. The aims of the present study were to characterize LPA3 mRNA and protein in human endometrium during the normal human menstrual cycle. METHODS: Forty-three ...
Ohta Masanori - - 2012
We screened the gene that encodes tetratricopeptide repeat domain 29 (Ttc29) in the maturing rat testis. Gene expression was determined by Northern blotting of 7-week-old rat testes, and a strong signal was detected close to the 18S rRNA band in addition to two weak high-molecular-weight signals. In situ hybridization revealed ...
Hayakawa Koji - - 2012
Mammalian oocytes contain the histone H1foo, a distinct member with low sequence similarity to other members in the H1 histone family. Oocyte-specific H1foo exists until the second embryonic cell stage. H1foo is essential for oocyte maturation in mice; however, the molecular function of this H1 subtype is unclear. To explore ...
Liu Xin-Mei - - 2012
Low expression levels of S100A11 proteins were demonstrated in the placental villous tissue of patients with early pregnancy loss, and S100A11 is a Ca2+-binding protein that interprets the calcium fluctuations and elicits various cellular responses. The objective of the study was to determine S100A11 expression in human endometrium and its ...
Pu Lulu - - 2012
Androgens mediate a wide range of physiological responses and developmental processes in vertebrates, involving both reproductive and nonreproductive systems. The activity of androgens is mediated by the androgen receptor (AR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. In this study, an AR gene was cloned from the large yellow croaker ...
Kotani T - - 2012
The pathogenesis of placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD) remains unclear. This report presents a case of PMD with a female fetus complicated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The ultrasound findings were similar to molar pregnancies, but PMD was suspected based on the presence of low β-hCG levels and a normal karyotype. ...
Turkyilmaz Esengul - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of microfibril-associated protein 2 (MFAP2), microfibril-associated protein 5 (MFAP5) and nuclear localized factor 2 (NLF2) genes in patients with repeated IVF failure and compare with fertile population. Total RNA was isolated from 38 patients (repeated implantation failure, group 1, n=22; ...
Chen Shi X - - 2012
To better understand the role(s) of progesterone in fish spermatogenesis, we cloned the nuclear progesterone receptor (Pgr) of Atlantic cod. The open-reading frame of the cod Pgr consists of 2076bp, coding for a 691-amino acids-long protein that shows the highest similarity with other piscine Pgr proteins. Functional characterization of the ...
Kundu Mila C - - 2012
The Kit system, composed of Kit ligand (KL) and its tyrosine kinase receptor, cKit, has been well characterized in mammals. Studies have shown that it is involved in signaling between the oocyte and somatic cells during the process of follicle maturation. We characterized KL mRNA expression during follicle maturation in ...
Muñoz Ivan M IM Medical Research Council Protein Phosphorylation Unit, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 5EH, Scotland, United - - 2012
The SIN3A-HDAC complex deacetylates histones thereby repressing gene transcription. Here we describe family with sequence similarity 60A (FAM60A), a cell cycle-regulated protein that binds to the SIN3-HDAC complex. FAM60A expression peaks during G(1) and S phases of the cell cycle in U2OS cells, in a manner similar to the G(1) ...
He Li-Cai - - 2012
The transcription factor Ikaros was originally found to function as a key regulator of lymphocyte differentiation. In this study, we provide the first evidence that Ikaros is expressed at higher levels in ovarian cancer tissues compared with normal ovarian tissues and is significantly associated with high FIGO stage and low ...
Brayman Melissa J MJ Department of Reproductive Medicine and the Center for Reproductive Science and Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0674, - - 2012
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plays a major role in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis, and synthesis and secretion of GnRH are regulated by gonadal steroid hormones. Disruptions in androgen levels are involved in a number of reproductive defects, including hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Androgens down-regulate GnRH mRNA synthesis in vivo ...
Chua Huey-Huey - - 2012
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) belongs to the gammaherpesvirus family. To produce infectious progeny, EBV reactivates from latency into the lytic cycle by expressing the determinative lytic transactivator, Zta. In the presence of histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), p53 is a prerequisite for the initiation of the EBV lytic cycle by facilitating the ...
Ohgami Hiroki - - 2012
Xtr in the fertilized eggs of Xenopus has been demonstrated to be a member of a messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) complex that plays a crucial role in karyokinesis during cleavage. Since the Xtr is also present both in oocytes and spermatocytes and its amount increases immediately after spematogenic cells enter into ...
Sirard M-A - - 2012
The most important factor affecting the oocyte and early embryo transcriptome is the legacy from the follicular environment prior to meiotic resumption. Up to the 8-cell stage, the oocyte responds to maternal instructions stored before resumption of the meiotic division. Recent evidence suggests that properly prepared or programmed oocytes (in ...
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