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Abbas Nazia N National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi 110067, - - 2014
Arabidopsis thaliana CALMODULIN7 (CAM7), a unique member of the calmodulin gene family, plays a crucial role as a transcriptional regulator in seedling development. The elongated HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) bZIP protein, an integrator of multiple signaling pathways, also plays an important role in photomorphogenic growth and light-regulated gene expression. CAM7 acts synergistically ...
Li Yunliang Y Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of - - 2014
Seedling de-etiolation, a critical process in early plant development, is regulated by an intricate transcriptional network. Here, we identified VQ motif-containing protein 29 (VQ29) as a novel regulator of the photomorphogenic response in Arabidopsis thaliana. We showed that 29 of the 34 VQ proteins present in Arabidopsis exhibit transcriptional activity ...
Yu Long-Xi LX Department of Plant Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, United States of - - 2014
Profilin is an actin-binding protein involved in the dynamic turnover and restructuring of the actin cytoskeleton in all eukaryotic cells. We previously cloned a profilin gene, designated as LePro1 from tomato pollen. To understand its biological role, in the present study, we investigated the temporal and spatial expression of LePro1 ...
Fan Xinping X Ms 1 Shanxi - - 2014
The Trans-Golgi Network (TGN) plays a central role in cellular secretion and has been implicated in sorting cargo destined for the plasma membrane. Previously the Arabidopsis echidna (ech) mutant was shown to exhibit a dwarf phenotype due to impaired cell expansion. However ech also has a previously uncharacterised phenotype of ...
McClung C Robertson CR Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College Class of 1978 Life Sciences Center, 78 College Street, Hanover, NH 03755-3563 - - 2014
The circadian clock allows organisms to temporally coordinate their biology with the diurnal oscillation of the environment, which enhances plant performance. Accordingly, a fuller understanding of the circadian clock mechanism may contribute to efforts to optimize plant performance. One recurring theme in clock mechanism is coupled transcription-translation feedback loops. To ...
Aslanidis Alexander A Department of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Joseph-Stelzmann-Str. 9, 50931, Cologne, - - 2014
Cone dystrophy with supernormal rod response (CDSRR) is an autosomal recessive disorder that leads to progressive retinal degeneration with a distinct electroretinogram (ERG) phenotype. CDSRR patients show reduced sensitivity to dim light, augmented response to suprathreshold light and reduced response to flicker. The disorder is caused by mutations in the ...
Xiang Qijun Q Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of - - 2014
Life cycle progression in eukaryotic microbes is often influenced by environment. In the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, which causes late blight on potato and tomato, sporangia have been reported to form mostly at night. By growing P. infestans under different light regimes at constant temperature and humidity, we show that light ...
Ikegami Hidetoshi - - 2013
Because the floral induction occurs in many plants when specific environmental conditions are satisfied, most plants bloom and bear fruit during the same season each year. In fig, by contrast, the time interval during which inflorescence (flower bud, fruit) differentiation occurs corresponds to the shoot elongation period. Fig trees thus ...
Zaytseva Olga O University of - - 2013
The essential zinc finger protein ASCIZ (also known as ATMIN, ZNF822) plays critical roles during lung organogenesis and B cell development in mice, where it regulates the expression of dynein light chain (DYNLL1/LC8), but its functions in other species including invertebrates are largely unknown. Here we report the identification of ...
Xu Wei - - 2013
Neurotrophic factors are involved in neuroprotection and its expression in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may change during light-induced retinal injury. In this study, neurotrophic factor expression in MSCs was investigated after stimulation by supernatants of homogenized retina (SHR) from normal and light-injured rats. Conditioned media from control MSCs (CM-MSCs), MSCs ...
Tang Weijiang - - 2013
Light and phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulate overlapping processes in plants, such as seed germination and seedling development. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the interaction between light and ABA signaling is largely unknown. Here, we show that FAR-RED ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL3 (FHY3) and FAR-RED IMPAIRED RESPONSE1 (FAR1), two key positive transcription ...
Cao Jicong - - 2013
A genetically encoded optogenetic system was constructed that activates mRNA translation in mammalian cells in response to light. Blue light induces the reconstitution of an RNA binding domain and a translation initiation domain, thereby activating target mRNA translation downstream of the binding sites.
Román L - - 2013
The European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.), is one of the most extensively farmed marine fish in the Mediterranean sea. Under the high-density condition, common in aquaculture, the infectious diseases can cause significant economic losses. Probiotics are presented as an alternative to antibiotics for the control of aquaculture diseases. This ...
Kelly Emily A - - 2013
The telencephalon-associated intercellular adhesion molecule 5 (Telencephalin; ICAM-5) regulates dendritic morphology in the developing brain. In vitro studies have shown that ICAM-5 is predominantly found within dendrites and immature dendritic protrusions, with reduced expression in mushroom spines, suggesting that ICAM-5 downregulation is critical for the maturation of synaptic structures. However, ...
Carvajal F - - 2013
Studies in zucchini (Cucurbita pepo L. spp. pepo) pollen have been limited to the viability and morphology of the mature pollen grain. The enzyme polygalacturonase (PG) is involved in pollen development and pollination in many species. In this work, we study anther and pollen development of C. pepo and present the ...
Ni Yingdong - - 2013
In mammals, leptin is an attractive candidate for mediating the metabolic signal and the reproductive function via the specific receptor in hypothalamus. However, till now, the role of leptin on reproduction in birds is less well established. This experiment was conducted to elucidate the role of leptin on the onset ...
Li Juan - - 2013
Ascorbic acid (AsA) plays an essential role in plants by protecting cells against oxidative damage. GDP-L-galactose phosphorylase (GGP) is the first committed gene for AsA synthesis. Our research examined AsA levels, regulation of GGP gene expression, and how these are related to abiotic stresses in two species of Actinidia (kiwifruit). ...
Sakamoto Kensuke K Department of Neuroscience, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, - - 2013
The CREB/CRE transcriptional pathway has been implicated in circadian clock timing and light-evoked clock resetting. To date, much of the work on CREB in circadian physiology has focused on how changes in the phosphorylation state of CREB regulate the timing processes. However, beyond changes in phosphorylation, CREB-dependent transcription can also ...
Gangappa Sreeramaiah N SN Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg SE 40530, - - 2013
ELONGATED HYPOCOTYL5 (HY5) is a basic domain/leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factor, central for the regulation of seedling photomorphogenesis. Here, we identified a B-BOX (BBX)-containing protein, BBX25/SALT TOLERANCE HOMOLOG, as an interacting partner of HY5, which has been previously found to physically interact with CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC1 (COP1). BBX25 physically interacts with ...
Bøe Sigurd Leinæs - - 2013
A promising method that offers both time- and site-specific delivery of macromolecules is photochemical internalization technology (PCI). Here, we have characterized various polyamidoamine (PAMAM) carriers [generation (G) 0-7], for light-directed delivery of nucleic acids in vitro by the use of PCI technology. A number of parameters for optimal delivery of ...
Makwana Om O Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of Arizona, 1501 N Campbell Avenue, LSN 456, PO Box 245044, Tucson, AZ 85724-5044, - - 2013
Trichloroethylene (TCE) is an organic solvent and common environmental contaminant. TCE exposure is associated with heart defects in humans and animal models. Primary metabolism of TCE in adult rodent models is by specific hepatic cytochrome P450 enzymes (Lash et al. in Environ Health Perspect 108:177-200, 2000). As association of TCE ...
Hamada Yukihiro - - 2013
Polysialic acids are implicated in various biological processes such as neural cell migration, axonal growth, synaptogenesis and resetting of the circadian rhythm. Recently, polysialation has been reported to be involved in the formation and resetting of the circadian clock. However, the genes that control the circadian rhythm of polysialation have ...
Bøe Sigurd Leinæs - - 2013
mRNA-based transfection is an attractive strategy for manipulation of gene expression for gain-of-function studies and therapeutic applications. As a potential therapeutic regulator, mRNA transfection has mainly been hampered by poor delivery strategies, combined with lack of specific targeting to the intended tissue(s) or cells. In this chapter, we describe a ...
Li Xiao Ming - - 2013
In angiosperms, successful pollen-pistil interactions are the prerequisite and guarantee of subsequent fertilization and seed production. Recent profile analyses have helped elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying these processes at both transcriptomic and proteomic levels, but the involvement of miRNAs in pollen-pistil interactions is still speculative. In this study, we sequenced four ...
Gao Zhenrui - - 2013
The red leaf coloration of Empire Red Leaf Cotton (ERLC) (Gossypium hirsutum L.), resulted from anthocyanin accumulation in light, is a well known dominant agricultural trait. However, the underpin molecular mechanism remains elusive. To explore this, we compared the molecular biological basis of anthocyanin accumulation in both ERLC and the ...
Gangappa Sreeramaiah N SN National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, - - 2013
Although many transcription factors and regulatory proteins have been identified and functionally characterized in light signaling pathways, photoperception to transcription remains largely fragmented. The Z-box is one of the LREs (Light responsive elements) that plays important role in the regulation of transcription during light-controlled Arabidopsis seedling development. The involvement of ...
Zhuo Xinming X Departments of Neuroscience and Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Ophthalmology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York, United States of - - 2013
We developed an inducible transgene expression system in Xenopus rod photoreceptors. Using a transgene containing mCherry fused to the carboxyl terminus of rhodopsin (Rho-mCherry), we characterized the displacement of rhodopsin (Rho) from the base to the tip of rod outer segment (OS) membranes. Quantitative confocal imaging of live rods showed ...
Cesbron François F University of Heidelberg Biochemistry Center (BZH), Im Neuenheimer Feld, Heidelberg, - - 2013
We show that firefly luciferase is a stable protein when expressed at 25°C in Neurospora, which limits its use as transcription reporter. We created a short-lived luciferase by fusing a PEST signal to its C-terminus (LUC-PEST) and applied the LUC-PEST reporter system to record in vivo transcription dynamics associated with ...
Pandey Varun V Biological Chemistry Department, Silberman Institute of Life Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Jerusalem, - - 2013
Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration (PKAN) is a neurodegenerative disorder with a poorly understood molecular mechanism. It is caused by mutations in Pantothenate Kinase, the first enzyme in the Coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthetic pathway. Here, we developed a Drosophila model of PKAN (tim-fbl flies) that allows us to continuously monitor the modeled ...
Challet Etienne - - 2012
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are members of the nuclear receptor superfamily and function as transcription factors that regulate gene expression in numerous biological processes. Although the PPARβ/δ subtype is highly expressed in the brain, its physiological roles in neuronal function remain to be elucidated. In this study, we examined the ...
Sang Aimin - - 2012
Transcription initiation factor IIB (TFIIB) is a general transcription initiation factor that plays a pivotal role in the response to transcriptional activator proteins. Previous reports have shown that TFIIB have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various experimental central nervous system diseases. However, its distribution and function in the retina ...
Li Juan - - 2012
The gene encoding L-galactose-1-phosphate phosphatase (GPP) plays a central role in ascorbic acid (AsA) biosynthesis in plants. Here, we report AsA contents, GPP expression, and functioning of its promoter in response to light, exogenous stress-signalling hormones, or abiotic stresses in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). To identify the upstream region of GPP ...
García-Gallardo María Victoria - - 2012
Background: Pollutants and other stressing factors like mold infection might increase the production of pathogen-related proteins in plants. Since this is invoked as one of the causes for the high prevalence of allergic diseases in developed countries, we aimed to determine the potential effect of environmental pollution, with or without ...
Hurley Jennifer M - - 2012
Filamentous fungi are important model systems for understanding eukaryotic cellular processes, including the study of protein expression. A salient feature of fungi is the ability of the protein-processing machinery to perform all of the extensive posttranslational modifications needed in the complex world of eukaryotic organisms, making them great hosts for ...
Karve Abhijit A - - 2012
Shade avoidance signaling involves perception of incident red/far-red (R/FR) light by phytochromes (PHYs) and modulation of downstream transcriptional networks. Although these responses are well studied in Arabidopsis, little is known about the role of PHYs and the transcriptional responses to shade in the woody perennial Populus. Tissue expression and subcellular ...
Panse Kalyani D - - 2012
Follistatins are extracellular inhibitors of the TGF-β family ligands including activin A, myostatin and bone morphogenetic proteins. Follistatin-like 3 (FSTL3) is a potent inhibitor of activin signalling and antagonises the cardioprotective role of activin A in the heart. FSTL3 expression is elevated in patients with heart failure and is upregulated ...
Khan Alam - - 2012
Zebrafish pou2, encoding the class V POU transcription factor orthologous to mouse Oct-3/4, has been implicated in different aspects of development, such as dorsoventral patterning, endoderm formation, and brain regionalization, by analyzing pou2 mutant embryos. In the present study, we first conducted overexpression of pou2-modified genes by mRNA injection, and ...
Hotchkiss Adam - - 2012
A defining feature of embryonic cardiomyocytes is their relatively high rates of proliferation. A gradual reduction in proliferative capacity throughout development culminates in permanent cell cycle exit by the vast majority of cardiomyocytes around the perinatal period. Accordingly, the adult heart has severely limited capacity for regeneration in response to ...
Shan Hongli - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A large body of evidence showed that arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)), a front-line drug for the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, induced abnormal cardiac QT prolongation, which hampers its clinical use. The molecular mechanisms for this cardiotoxicity remained unclear. This study aimed to elucidate whether microRNAs (miRs) participate in As(2)O(3)-induced ...
Cao Li - - 2012
microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in regulating normal organ physiology and development. Many miRNAs show spatially and temporally restricted expression patterns during embryogenesis and organogenesis. This study aimed to characterize the miRNA profile of the fetal mouse heart at 4 key time-points [embryonic day (E)12.5, E14.5, E16.5 and E18.5] ...
Kühl U - - 2012
Parvovirus B19 is a frequent virus detected in endomyocardial biopsies of patients with clinically suspected myocarditis or dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Viruses often cause a more symptomatic disease with increased tissue injury if they become reactivated. A disease-specific differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been described in the regulation of replicating ...
He Xiaoqing - - 2012
Nrf2 is a transcription factor activated by a range of oxidants and electrophiles. Transcriptional response to endogenous oxidative cues by Nrf2 plays an important role in mammalian redox physiology and oxidative pathology. Hyperglycemia induces oxidative stress in the heart where it leads to apoptosis and ultimately cardiomyopathy. Here we investigated ...
Islas Jose Francisco - - 2012
Unique insights for the reprograming of cell lineages have come from embryonic development in the ascidian Ciona, which is dependent upon the transcription factors Ci-ets1/2 and Ci-mesp to generate cardiac progenitors. We tested the idea that mammalian v-ets erythroblastosis virus E26 oncogene homolog 2 (ETS2) and mesoderm posterior (MESP) homolog ...
Lijnen Paul J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The aim of this study was to determine whether angiotensin II (ANG II) affects the protein and mRNA expression of the mitochondrial antioxidant peroxiredoxin-3 (Prx-3) in cardiac fibroblasts, thereby contributing to the oxidative stress in the myocardium. METHOD:: Cardiac fibroblasts (passage 2) from normal male adult rats were cultured ...
Wang Liang - - 2012
AIM: Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-14 and MMP-19 have been demonstrated to play an important role in the development of human gliomas. However, their prognostic values are not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether co-expression of MMP-14 and MMP-19 has prognostic relevance in human gliomas. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry and ...
Bax Noortje A M - - 2012
Cell-based therapy has emerged as a treatment modality for myocardial repair. Especially cardiac resident stem cells are considered a potential cell source since they are able to differentiate into cardiomyocytes and have improved heart function after injury in a preclinical model for myocardial infarction. To avoid or repair myocardial damage ...
Rutkovskiy Arkady - - 2012
PURPOSE: Hyperosmolarity is a common complication in intensive care patients, dysregulating water balance in many organs including brain and heart. The aquaporin (AQP) water channels, in particular AQP1 and -4, have been suggested to play an important role in fluid homeostasis of the myocardium. In many organs AQP expression is ...
Thum Thomas - - 2012
Cardiac fibrosis is a result of a variety of injurious insults of different etiologies to cardiac tissue, which ultimately culminates in destruction of physiological tissue architecture and progressive organ dysfunction. Histologically, it is characterized by activation/proliferation of fibroblasts and excessive matrix deposition including collagen(1). A major role in this process ...
Hu Cheng-Ru - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of FOXP1 and p65 expression in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Immunohistochemistry was performed to determine the expression of FOXP1 and p65 protein in 92 DLBCL tissues and analyze their correlations with clinicopathological features or prognosis of patients. The ...
Massie Jonathan P - - 2012
Cyclic di-GMP (c-di-GMP) is a second messenger molecule that regulates the transition between sessile and motile lifestyles in bacteria. Bacteria often encode multiple diguanylate cyclase (DGC) and phosphodiesterase (PDE) enzymes that produce and degrade c-di-GMP, respectively. Because of multiple inputs into the c-di-GMP-signaling network, it is unclear whether this system ...
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