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- - 2014
Quiescence-induced lncRNAs repress transcription by enhancing SUV4-20H2-mediated H4K20me3.
Wu Lei - - 2013
Simultaneous detection of tumor suppressor p53 and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 has been achieved for the first time with a high sensitivity using surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technique. In this immunoassay, gold@silver core-shell nanorods (Au@Ag NRs) with a high SERS activity and chemical stability were chosen to fabricate immuno-probes, ...
Setia Namrata - - 2012
Distinct ABCB5 forms and ABCF2, members of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transporters, are normally expressed in various tissues and cells, and enhanced expression of both has been demonstrated in select cancers. In melanoma cell lines, gene expression profiling of ABC transporters has revealed enhanced expression of melanocyte-specific ABCB5 ...
Uchiyama Kazuhiko - - 2012
Background: SERPINB1 is a monocyte neutrophil elastase (NE) inhibitor and is one of the most efficient inhibitors of NE. In the present study, we investigated the role of SERPINB1 in the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis by using clinical samples and an experimental model. Methods: The colonic expression of SERPINB1 was ...
Wang Qiang-Song - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zuojin Pill (ZJP), a traditional Chinese medicinal decoction that has been used in treating gastritis, gastric ulcer since 15th century, contains two herbs: Rhizoma Coptidis and Fructus Evodiae in the ratio of 6:1 (w/w). Alkaloids are the main active principles contributing to ZJP's efficacy, but anti-inflammatory mechanism has ...
Bickford Justin S - - 2012
Airway inflammation in allergen-induced asthma is associated with eicosanoid release. These bioactive lipids exhibit anti- and pro-inflammatory activities with relevance to pulmonary pathophysiology. We hypothesized that sensitization/challenge using an extract from the ubiquitous fungus Aspergillus fumigatus in a mouse model of allergic asthma would result in altered phospholipase gene expression, ...
Salemi Michele - - 2012
We report the case of a 74-year-old man with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and an extensive ulcerative lesion on the right ear. AD is a neurodegenerative disease with progressive loss of memory and cognitive deterioration. It has been suggested that apoptotic cell injury and eventually cell death is a major contributor ...
Amagase Kikuko - - 2012
We reviewed the effect of monosodium glutamate (MSG) on the development and healing of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced small intestinal lesions in rats. Loxoprofen (60 mg/kg, p.o.) induced lesions in the small intestine within 24 h, accompanied by a decrease of Muc2 expression and an increase in enterobacterial invasion and ...
Luzina Irina G - - 2012
We have previously described an alternatively spliced isoform of IL-4 mRNA that omits exon 2 and is termed IL-4δ2. However, the natural production of IL-4δ2 protein and its association with disease have not been previously assessed due to unavailability of an antibody that interacts with IL-4δ2 without cross-reactivity with full ...
Sadofsky Laura R - - 2012
ABSTRACT Lung fibroblasts are involved in interstitial lung disease, chronic asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The expanded fibroblast population in airway disease leads to airway remodeling and contributes to the inflammatory process seen in these diseases. The cation channel transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) is activated by noxious ...
Vong Linda - - 2012
One of the characteristics of an active episode of ulcerative colitis (UC) is the intense mucosal infiltration of leukocytes. The pro-resolution mediators Annexin-A1 (AnxA1) and lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) exert counter-regulatory effects on leukocyte recruitment, however to date, the dual/cumulative effects of these formyl peptide receptor-2 (FPR2/ALX) agonists in the context ...
Damera Gautam G Airways Biology Initiative, Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2012
In severe asthma, bronchodilator- and steroid-insensitive airflow obstruction develops through unknown mechanisms characterized by increased lung airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass and stiffness. We explored the role of a Regulator of G-protein Signaling protein (RGS4) in the ASM hyperplasia and reduced contractile capacity characteristic of advanced asthma. Using immunocytochemical staining, ...
Dong Chunling - - 2011
Ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma in mouse lungs causes changes in the mRNA and protein levels of aquaporins (AQPs). AQP expression was examined in the presence of various anti-asthmatic agents, including dexamethasone, ambroxol, and terbutaline. The influence of these agents on OVA-induced airway inflammation was also evaluated. The mRNA expression levels of ...
Butler Claire A - - 2011
RationaleUpregulation of glucocorticoid receptor β (GRβ) has been implicated in steroid resistance in severe asthma, although previous studies are conflicting. GRβ has been proposed as a dominant negative isoform of glucocorticoid receptor α (GRα) but it has also been suggested that GRβ can cause steroid resistance via reduced expression of ...
Stewart Ceri E CE Division of Therapeutics and Molecular Medicine, Nottingham Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, University Hospital of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2UH, - - 2012
The asthma-associated gene urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) may be involved in epithelial repair and airway remodelling. These processes are not adequately targeted by existing asthma therapies. A fuller understanding of the pathways involved in remodelling may lead to development of new therapeutic opportunities. uPAR expression in the lung epithelium ...
Terashima Masahiro M Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5233, - - 2011
Inflammation plays a critical role in atherosclerosis and is associated with upregulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). We studied bioluminescence imaging (BLI) to track iNOS gene expression in a murine model of vascular inflammation. Macrophage-rich vascular lesions were induced by carotid ligation plus high-fat diet and streptozotocin-induced diabetes in ...
Michaeloudes Charalambos - - 2011
Aberrant airway smooth muscle cell (ASMC) function and overexpression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, which modulates ASMC proliferative and inflammatory function and induces oxidant release, are features of asthma. Nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activates antioxidant genes conferring protection against oxidative stress. To determine the role of Nrf2 in ...
Chan M A - - 2011
A SNP (rs2228137) (R62W) in FCER2 has been linked with severe exacerbations in asthmatics. Transfectants expressing the SNP exhibited increased IL-4Rα expression after stimulation through CD23 compared with wild-type. Our data suggest that the SNP may favour increased IgE production through increased responsiveness to IL-4 in patients possessing this genotype.
Shikotra Aarti - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is a cytokine implicated in the pathophysiology of asthma through 2 distinct pathways: a TSLP-OX40 ligand (OX40L)-T cell axis and a TSLP-mast cell axis. Whether these pathways are active in human asthma is unknown. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether mucosal TSLP protein expression relates ...
Yamamoto M - - 2012
Exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) associates with asthma and eosinophilic inflammation. However, relationships between nitric oxide synthases, arginase, FeNO, asthma severity and inflammation remain poorly understood. To determine the relationships of iNOS expression/activation and arginase 2 expression with asthma severity, FeNO, nitrotyrosine (NT) and eosinophilic inflammation. Bronchial brushings and sputum were ...
Xu Chang-Qing - - 2011
Effects of icariin on airway inflammation in asthmatic rats and the intervention of LPS induced inflammation are interfered with the machanism of icariin. Our study aimed to observe the effect of icariin on ovalbumin-induced imbalance of Th1/Th2 cytokine expression and its mechanism. Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into ...
Zhu Jing - - 2011
We sought to determine whether the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) and interleukin (IL)-22 may be involved in the pathogenesis of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in allergic asthmatic patients and whether their expression may be related to the severity of the disease. Blood samples were obtained from each subject ...
Koppelman Gerard H - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression that occur without direct changes in the DNA sequence. Epigenetic mechanisms may explain important observations in asthma, such as the effect of the environment during certain periods in life, transgenerational, and maternal effects and account for some ...
Nofziger C - - 2011
Signaling through the interleukin-4/interleukin-13 (IL-4/IL-13) receptor complex is a crucial mechanism in the development of bronchial asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In bronchial epithelial cells, this signaling pathway leads to changes in the expression levels of several genes that are possibly involved in protection against and/or pathogenesis of ...
Schroer Kathy T - - 2011
Glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTPi) is the predominant redox regulator in the lung. Although evidence implicates an important role for GSTPi in asthma, the mechanism for this has remained elusive. We sought to determine how GSTPi is regulated in asthma and to elucidate its role in maintaining redox homeostasis. We elucidated ...
Yang Hui-Ying - - 2011
In this study, oroxylin A showed strong reversal potency in BEL7402/5-FU cells and the reversal fold (RF) reached 4.69. Simultaneously, rhodamine-123 accumulation assay and flow cytometry analysis demonstrated oroxylin A could increase drug accumulation. When combined with oroxylin A, 5-FU showed inducing apoptosis effect more seriously in DAPI staining experiment. ...
Zhang Yu - - 2011
Sphingomyelin synthase (SMS), the last enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of sphingomyelin (SM), plays a critical role in the constitution of cell membrane and has impact on the expression of membrane proteins. SMS2, one of two SMS enzymes, is predominantly located in the plasma membrane, and is mainly expressed in ...
Xu Ye - - 2011
Mechanisms of cisplatin resistance in cancer cells are not fully understood. Here, we showed a critical role for the chloride channel-3 (ClC-3) in cisplatin resistance in human erythroleukemia K562 and RK562 cells. We found that a chloride channel blocker 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid (NPPB) could protect cells from cisplatin-induced apoptosis. NPPB ...
Broderick J A - - 2011
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) provide new therapeutic targets for many diseases, while their myriad roles in development and cellular processes make them fascinating to study. We still do not fully understand the molecular mechanisms by which miRNAs regulate gene expression nor do we know the complete repertoire of mRNAs each miRNA regulates. ...
Kretzner Leo - - 2011
MK-0457 and MK-5108 are novel aurora kinase inhibitors (AKi) leading to G(2)-M cell-cycle arrest. Growth and survival of multiple lymphoma cell lines were studied with either drug alone or in combination with vorinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi), using MTS and Annexin V assays, followed by molecular studies. Either of ...
Watamoto Takao - - 2011
Biofilm formation is a major virulence attribute of Candida albicans and is directly associated with therapeutic failure. One method by which Candida acquires antifungal resistance is the expression of drug resistance genes. This study aimed to evaluate the transcriptional regulation of several genes associated with antifungal resistance of C. albicans ...
Flaman Anathea S - - 2011
Interferon α (IFNα) is used to treat malignancies and chronic viral infections. It has been found to decrease the rate of drug metabolism by acting on cytochrome P450 enzymes, but no studies have investigated the consequences of IFNα treatment on the CYP3A4 isoform, responsible for the metabolism of a majority ...
Rico-Rosillo Guadalupe - - 2011
PubMed search was performed using the key words: NF-?B, nuclear factors, asthma. Articles were selected based on their relevance to this review. Objective: To review the literature regarding the involvement of the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-?B) transcription factor in asthma. Results: NF-?B is a critical transcription factor for the production ...
Nawa Ayaka - - 2011
P-glycoprotein (P-gp), one of the important drug-efflux pumps, is known to be affected by pathological conditions such as inflammation or infection. Recently, it is reported that high glucose or hyperglycemia can alter P-gp expression levels at the blood-brain barrier or in kidney, although the details are still unknown. Here, we ...
Maeda Yousuke - - 2011
This study compared the immunosuppressive effects of dexamethasone (DEX), flunixin meglumine (FLU), and meloxicam (MEL) on the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of seven healthy Holstein calves in vitro. DEX significantly inhibited lymphocyte proliferation and expression of interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-2, and IL-4 messenger RNA (mRNA) in comparison to FLU ...
Wei Jie - - 2011
Deeper knowledge of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) concepts for RNA therapeutics is important to streamline the drug development process and for rigorous selection of best performing drug candidates. Here we characterized the PK/PD relationship for small interfering ribonucleic acids (siRNAs) targeting luciferase by examining siRNA concentration in plasma and liver, ...
Schubert Sabrina - - 2011
Constitutive overexpression of the Mdr1 efflux pump is an important mechanism of acquired drug resistance in the yeast Candida albicans. The zinc cluster transcription factor Mrr1 is a central regulator of MDR1 expression, but other transcription factors have also been implicated in MDR1 regulation. To better understand how MDR1-mediated drug ...
Tang Xiuwen - - 2011
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) is a redox-sensitive transcription factor regulating the expression of a battery of cytoprotective genes. Constitutive NRF2 activation in many tumors enhances cell survival and resistance to anticancer drugs. Using a cell-based ARE-reporter assay we discovered that the flavonoid luteolin is a potent NRF2 ...
Chen Cliff C Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Pharmaceutical Candidate Optimization, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA. - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of interferon-α2b (IFN-α2b) on the expression of various drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters in freshly prepared co-cultures (parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells) of human primary hepatocytes. At therapeutically relevant concentrations (from 1000 to 3000 IU/mL), IFN-α2b up-regulated STAT1 (signal transducer and activator ...
Corrionero Anna - - 2011
Spliceostatin A (SSA) is a stabilized derivative of a Pseudomonas bacterial fermentation product that displays potent anti-proliferative and anti-tumor activities in cancer cells and animal models. The drug inhibits pre-mRNA splicing in vitro and in vivo and binds SF3b, a protein subcomplex of U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP), which is ...
Blagden Sarah P SP Department of Oncology, Imperial College Hammersmith Campus, Du Cane Road, London W12 0HS, UK. s.blagden@ - - 2011
Protein synthesis is a tightly regulated process that enables post-transcriptional control of gene expression. Dysregulation of this process is associated with the development and progression of cancers because components of the translational machinery function at the point of convergence of aberrant cell signaling pathways. Drugs designed to inhibit mRNA translation ...
Bissinger Elisabeth-Maria - - 2011
Arginine methylation is an epigenetic modification that receives increasing interest as it plays an important role in several diseases. This is especially true for hormone-dependent cancer, seeing that histone methylation by arginine methyltransferase I (PRMT1) is involved in the activation of sexual hormone receptors. Therefore, PRMT inhibitors are potential drugs ...
Lai Tan-Chen - - 2011
DNA repair has been suggested to be a major cause of spontaneous drug resistance in patients with lung adenocarcinomas (LADC). Among the DNA repair-related proteins, excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) has been shown to be essential for repairing cisplatin-induced interstrand cross-linkage. However, the role of other DNA repair-related proteins ...
Boitier Eric - - 2011
The main goal of the present work was to better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying liver hypertrophy (LH), a recurrent finding observed following acute or repeated drug administration to animals, using transcriptomic technologies together with the results from conventional toxicology methods. Administration of 5 terminated proprietary drug candidates from participating ...
Liu Hsiang-Erh - - 2011
Inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) have been suggested to play important roles in various inflammatory diseases. We explored the anti-inflammatory potential of a natural compound, denbinobin (5-hydroxy-3,7-dimethoxy-1,4-phenanthraquinone), by examining its effects on the expression and activity of iNOS and COX-2 in LPS-activated macrophages. Denbinobin markedly decreased the ...
Luedde Tom T Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule (RWTH) Aachen, Pauwelsstraße 30, Aachen, Germany. - - 2011
Hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are the most common causes of death in patients with chronic liver disease. Chronic liver injury of virtually any etiology triggers inflammatory and wound-healing responses that in the long run promote the development of hepatic fibrosis and HCC. Here, we review the role of ...
Anwar-Mohamed Anwar - - 2011
Previous reports have proposed a cross-talk between the nuclear factor erythroid-2 related factor-2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element (ARE) and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)/xenobiotic response element (XRE) signaling pathways. Therefore, the aim of the current study is to examine the level of phase I, phase II drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs), and ...
Chen Cheng-Fen - - 2011
Nuclear factor (NF)-YB, a subunit of the transcription factor nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) complex, binds and activates CCAAT-containing promoters. Our previous work suggested that NF-YB may be a mediator of topoisomerase IIα (Top2α), working through the Top2α promoter. DNA topoisomerase II (Top2) is an essential nuclear enzyme and the primary ...
Zhang Ya-Fei - - 2011
Recent investigations discovered that CIAPIN1 might be another drug resistance-associated molecule in cancer cells. However, the underlying mechanisms of CIAPIN1-related multidrug resistance (MDR) remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the role and possible mechanisms of CIAPIN1 in MDR of human colon carcinoma LoVo/Adr cells which express the wild-type ...
Mao Zhao - - 2011
Carboxylesterases constitute a class of enzymes that hydrolyze drugs containing such functional groups as carboxylic acid ester, amide, and thioester. Hydrolysis of many drugs is reduced in liver diseases such as hepatitis and cirrhosis. In this study, we have demonstrated, in vitro and in vivo, treatment with LPS decreased the ...
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