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Palma-Nicolás José Prisco - - 2013
The proliferation, directional migration to the vitreous and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of quiescent, differentiated retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells is a major feature in the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) following exposure of the immuno-privileged eye niche to serum components, thrombin among them. We have previously documented thrombin induction of ...
Wang Jennifer T - - 2013
The germline of Caenorhabditis elegans derives from a single founder cell, the germline blastomere P(4). P(4) is the product of four asymmetric cleavages that divide the zygote into distinct somatic and germline (P) lineages. P(4) inherits a specialized cytoplasm ("germ plasm") containing maternally encoded proteins and RNAs. The germ plasm ...
Singh Mamata M Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2013
Human antigen R (HuR) is a post-transcriptional regulator of gene expression that plays a key role in stabilizing mRNAs during cellular stress, leading to enhanced survival. HuR expression is tightly regulated through multiple transcription and post-transcriptional controls. Although HuR is known to stabilize a subset of mRNAs involved in cell ...
Nelson Craig M CM Department of Biological Sciences and the Center for Zebrafish Research, Galvin Life Science Building, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, - - 2012
We analyzed the role of Stat3, Ascl1a, and Lin28a in Müller glia reentry into the cell cycle following damage to the zebrafish retina. Immunohistochemical analysis was employed to determine the temporal and spatial expression of Stat3 and Ascl1a proteins following rod and cone photoreceptor cell apoptosis. Stat3 expression was observed ...
Tsao Chun-Ming - - 2012
Oncogenic activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our recent studies have demonstrated that SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 1 (SOX1) and secreted frizzled-related proteins are concomitantly promoter-hypermethylated, and this might lead to abnormal activation of the Wnt signaling pathway in HCC. SOX1 encodes a ...
Lindsey Stephan S Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, 15 Innovation Way, Newark, DE 19711, USA. - - 2012
In addition to its role as a toxicological signal mediator, the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) is also a transcription factor known to regulate cellular responses to oxidative stress and inflammation through transcriptional regulation of molecules involved in the signaling of nucear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), p53 (TRP53), retinoblastoma (RB1), and ...
Pfaffenbach Kyle T KT Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles, California 90089-9176, - - 2012
Glucose regulated protein 78/immunoglobulin binding protein (GRP78/BiP) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone protein and master regulator of the unfolded protein response (UPR). The response of GRP78 to overt pharmacologically induced ER stress is well established, whereas the modulation of GRP78 to physiologic changes is less characterized. In this study, ...
Plachez Céline - - 2012
The nuclear factor one (NFI) family of transcription factors consists of four members in vertebrates, NFIA, NFIB, NFIC, and NFIX, which share a highly conserved N-terminal DNA-binding domain. NFI genes are widely expressed in the developing mouse brain, and mouse mutants lacking NFIA, NFIB, or NFIX exhibit developmental deficits in ...
Yi Cong - - 2012
Mounting evidence suggests that acetylation plays an important role in various biological processes including transcriptional regulation, DNA damage repair, cell cycle progression, aging, and glycolysis. It is increasingly recognized that acetylation also regulates autophagy; for example, increasing the cellular acetylation level by treating cells with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such ...
Padmanabhan Raji - - 2012
The expression and function of several multidrug transporters (including ABCB1 and ABCG2) have been studied in human cancer cells and in mouse and human adult stem cells. However, the expression of ABCG2 in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) remains unclear. Limited and contradictory results in the literature from two research ...
Esmailpour Taraneh - - 2012
T-box 3 (Tbx3) is a member of the T-box family of genes. Mutations that result in the haploinsufficiency of TBX3 cause ulnar mammary syndrome in humans characterized by mammary gland hypoplasia as well as other congenital defects. In mice, homozygous mutations are embryonic lethal, suggesting that Tbx3 is essential for ...
Puetzer Jennifer J Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, - - 2013
This study investigates the effects of cyclic hydrostatic pressure (CHP) on chondrogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) in three-dimensional (3-D) agarose constructs maintained in a complete growth medium without soluble chondrogenic inducing factors. hASCs were seeded in 2% agarose hydrogels and exposed to 7.5 MPa CHP for 4 h per ...
Aquilano Katia K Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, - - 2013
The transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1 α (PPARGC1A or PGC-1α) is a powerful controller of cell metabolism and assures the balance between the production and the scavenging of pro-oxidant molecules by coordinating mitochondrial biogenesis and the expression of antioxidants. However, even though a huge amount of data referring to ...
Lopez-Escobar Beatriz B Grupo de Neurodesarrollo, Unidad de Gestión de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Seville, - - 2012
The ventral ectodermal ridge (VER) is an important signalling centre in the mouse tail-bud following completion of gastrulation. BMP regulation is essential for VER function, but how these signals are transmitted between adjacent tissues is unclear. We investigated the idea that extracellular matrix components might be involved, using immunohistochemistry and ...
Chen Chia-Hung - - 2012
Gene therapy provides a novel strategy and a new hope for patients with cancer. Unfortunately, the specifics of the delivery systems or the promoters have not achieved the specified efficacy so far, and the perfection of either system will be extremely difficult. In this study, we introduce a simple concept ...
Sakai Asao - - 2012
Most non-small-cell lung cancer tumors with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations are responsive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, but almost all such tumors ultimately acquire resistance. We previously found that a gefitinib-resistant cell line, PC-9/Met in which MET (MNNG-HOS transforming gene) is amplified, was more ...
Guo Huazhang - - 2012
Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily plays important roles in variety cellular processes including polymodal cellular sensing, cell adhesion, cell polarity, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. One of its subfamilies are TRPM channels. mRNA expression of its founding member, TRPM1 (melastatin), correlates with terminal melanocytic differentiation and loss of its ...
Medioni Caroline - - 2012
Intracellular targeting of mRNAs has long been recognized as a means to produce proteins locally, but has only recently emerged as a prevalent mechanism used by a wide variety of polarized cell types. Localization of mRNA molecules within the cytoplasm provides a basis for cell polarization, thus underlying developmental processes ...
Kohno Tomoko - - 2012
Several cell stresses induce nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) activation, which include irradiation, oxidation, and UV. Interestingly, serum-starving stress-induced NF-κB activation in COS cells, but not in COS-A717 cells. COS-A717 is a mutant cell line of COS cells that is defective of the NF-κB signaling pathway. We isolated genes with compensating activity ...
Shimada Akira - - 2012
The prognostic value of WT1 mRNA expression in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains controversial. A sample of newly diagnosed (n = 158) AML patients from the Japanese Childhood AML Cooperative Treatment Protocol, AML 99, were simultaneously analyzed for WT1 expression, cytogenetic abnormalities and gene alterations (FLT3, KIT, MLL, and RAS). WT1 ...
Fähling Michael - - 2012
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a well-studied transcription factor mediating cellular adaptation to hypoxia. It also plays a crucial role under normoxic conditions, such as in inflammation, where its regulation is less well understood. The 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of HIF-1α mRNA is among the most conserved UTRs in the genome, hinting ...
Smorag Lukasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spermatogenesis is strictly regulated by both transcriptional as well as post-transcriptional mechanisms. Although the transcriptional regulation mechanisms are well documented, the post-transcriptional mechanisms are largely unknown. Recently, it became apparent that microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Despite the advances in identifying the testis-expressed miRNAs and their role ...
Vieira Luís - - 2012
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm essentially characterized by excessive production of platelets. Molecular pathogenesis of ET is linked in approximately half of the patients to intracellular cytokine signaling dysregulation as a result of thrombopoietin receptor or Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutations. However, genetic defects underlying cytokine transcription have ...
Woo Seon Min - - 2012
Calyculin A (Cal A) is a serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitor that is capable of inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. In this study, we examined whether Cal A could modulate TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human renal carcinoma-derived Caki cells. Our results show that Cal A is capable of sensitizing Caki cells to TRAIL-induced ...
Mizrak Arda - - 2012
Microvesicles (MVs) play an important role in intercellular communication by carrying mRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), non-coding RNAs, proteins, and DNA from cell to cell. To our knowledge, this is the first report of delivery of a therapeutic mRNA/protein via MVs for treatment of cancer. We first generated genetically engineered MVs by ...
Mohammed Seedahmed A - - 2012
cDNA corresponding to two type-I vacuolar H(+)-inorganic pyrophosphatases (V-PPases) (SlVP1, SlVP2) and one type-II V-PPase (SlVP3) was isolated from tomato fruit to investigate their role in fruit development. Southern analysis revealed that type-I V-PPase genes form a multigene family, whereas there is only one type-II V-PPase gene in the tomato ...
Kim K-J - - 2012
Resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a significant clinical problem in the treatment of cancer and this resistance has been linked to the cellular expression of multidrug-efflux transporters. The aim of this study was to explore the role of HOXC6 in the regulation of multidrug resistance (MDR) to chemotherapeutic drugs. The ...
Torti Stefano - - 2012
Arabidopsis plants flower in response to long days (LDs). Exposure of leaves to inductive day lengths activates expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein which moves to the shoot apical meristem (SAM) to induce developmental reprogramming. SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) and FRUITFULL (FUL) are induced by FT ...
Wells Melissa L - - 2012
Members of the tristetraprolin (TTP) family of CCCH tandem zinc finger proteins can bind directly to AU-rich elements in mRNAs and promote transcript deadenylation and decay. The yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe expresses a single TTP family member, Zfs1p. In this study, we identified probable Zfs1p target mRNAs by comparing transcript levels ...
Waaijer Cathelijn J F - - 2012
Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumours that can arise centrally (in the medulla) or peripherally (at the surface) of the bone. They are classified into three histological grades which correspond to the clinical severity. Previous studies by our group have shown altered signal transduction of the fibroblast growth factor and Wnt ...
Permpoonputtana Kannika - - 2012
Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive drug that is commonly abused worldwide. This psychostimulant drug causes the disturbances in the dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons of several brain areas. Exposure to METH has been shown to induce oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species, and neuroinflammation. However, the mechanism underlying ...
Ohgiya Daisuke - - 2012
Background/Aims: Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) was originally identified as a tumor suppressor but has been recently shown to have the ability to control stem cell function in multiple tissues including malignancies. This study aimed to evaluate the biological and clinical significance of PML in multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: We knocked ...
Sung Pei-Ju - - 2012
To better understand neuroblastoma differentiation, we used microarray analysis to identify common gene expression changes from three differentiation models. This revealed STMN4 and ROBO2 to be consistently up-regulated in differentiated neuroblastoma cells induced by chromosome 1 transfer, MYCN knockdown, and 9-cis retinoic acid (9cRA). Furthermore, stable expression of transfected STMN4 ...
Nakasato Makoto - - 2012
Lactation is an important event in all-mammalian species. To investigate the role of pregnancy-associated plasma protein (PAPP)-A in lactogenesis, we determined (i) PAPP-A expression in mouse mammary glands and (ii) the biological functions of PAPP-A in mammary epithelial cells. PAPP-A mRNA level was low during early mid pregnancy and increased ...
Pont Jason N A - - 2012
Oxytocin (OXT) is a peptide hormone that binds the OXT receptor on myometrial cells, initiating an intracellular signaling cascade, resulting in accumulation of intracellular calcium and smooth muscle contraction. In other systems, an elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) stimulates nuclear translocation of the transcription factor, nuclear factor of activated T cells ...
Ott Christopher J - - 2012
We investigated the therapeutic potential of JQ1, an inhibitor of the BET class of human bromodomain proteins, in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). We show that JQ1 potently reduces the viability of B-ALL cell lines with high-risk cytogenetics. Among the most sensitive were lines with rearrangements of CRLF2, which is ...
Weijts Bart G M W BG Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The - - 2012
The E2F family of transcription factors plays an important role in controlling cell-cycle progression. While this is their best-known function, we report here novel functions for the newest members of the E2F family, E2F7 and E2F8 (E2F7/8). We show that simultaneous deletion of E2F7/8 in zebrafish and mice leads to ...
Evangelisti C - - 2012
Background  GDNF/RET and Endothelin-3 (ET-3)/EDNRB regulate survival, differentiation, migration, and proliferation of neural crest-derived cells. Although several RET and EDNRB signalling mediators have been characterized, most of the genes targeted by these two pathways are still largely unknown. We focused our study on apolipoprotein B (APOB) as a novel target ...
Kalo Eyal - - 2012
Uncontrolled accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causes oxidative stress and induces harmful effects. Both high ROS levels and p53 mutations are frequent in human cancer. Mutant p53 forms are known to actively promote malignant growth. However, no mechanistic details are known about the contribution of mutant p53 to excessive ...
Kotani Naoki - - 2012
HepaRG cells have the ability to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells. Many papers have shown that these hepatocyte-like cells share several functional properties with intact human hepatocytes. However, although previous studies have indicated the partial maintenance of mRNA expression of drug transporters, their expression and function have not been quantitatively characterized. ...
Lee Jae-Woong - - 2012
Although MLL-AF9 caused by the chromosomal translocation t(9;11) has a critical role in acute myeloid leukemia, the molecular pathogenesis is poorly understood. Here, we identified that the cell fate determination factor DACH1 is directly up-regulated by MLL-AF9. Recently we showed that the forced expression of DACH1 in myeloid cells induced ...
Luo Zhuojuan - - 2012
The super elongation complex (SEC) consists of the RNA polymerase II (Pol II) elongation factors eleven-nineteen Lys-rich leukaemia (ELL) proteins, positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) and several frequent mixed lineage leukaemia (MLL) translocation partners. It is one of the most active P-TEFb-containing complexes required for rapid transcriptional induction in ...
Petz Michaela - - 2012
The extracellular matrix protein Laminin B1 (LamB1) regulates tumor cell migration and invasion. Carcinoma cells acquire invasive properties by epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is a fundamental step in dissemination of metastatic cells from the primary tumor. Recently, we showed that enhanced translation of LamB1 upon EMT of malignant ...
Ait Ghezala Hayet - - 2012
The activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) promotes transcriptional upregulation of specific target genes in response to cellular stress. ATF4 expression is regulated at the translational level by two short open reading frames (uORFs) in its 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR). Here, we describe a mechanism regulating ATF4 expression in translation termination-deficient human ...
Li Jian - - 2012
The molecular mechanisms that regulate and coordinate signaling between the extracellular matrix (ECM) and cells contributing to the developing vasculature are complex and poorly understood. Myocardin-like protein 2 (MKL2) is a transcriptional co-activator that in response to RhoA and cytoskeletal actin signals physically associates with serum response factor (SRF), activating ...
Thornton James E - - 2012
The pluripotency factor Lin28 recruits a 3' terminal uridylyl transferase (TUTase) to selectively block let-7 microRNA biogenesis in undifferentiated cells. Zcchc11 (TUTase4/TUT4) was previously identified as an enzyme responsible for Lin28-mediated pre-let-7 uridylation and control of let-7 expression. Here we investigate the protein and RNA determinants for this interaction. Biochemical ...
El-Kassar Nahed - - 2012
IL-7 signaling is required for thymocyte development and its loss has a severe deleterious effect on thymus function. Thymocyte-stromal cell interactions and other mechanisms tightly regulate IL-7 expression. We show that disruption of that regulation by over-expression of IL-7 inhibits T-cell development and promotes extensive B-cell lymphopoiesis in the thymus. ...
Raj Nitin - - 2012
The E2F family of transcription factors contributes to oncogenesis through activation of multiple genes involved in cellular proliferation, a process that is opposed by the Retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein (RB). RB also increases E2F1 stability by inhibiting its proteasome-mediated degradation, but the consequences of this post-translational regulation of E2F1 remain ...
Goussetis Dennis J - - 2012
We provide evidence that arsenic trioxide (As(2)O(3)) targets the BCR-ABL oncoprotein via a novel mechanism involving p62/SQSTM1-mediated localization of the oncoprotein to the autolysosomes and subsequent degradation mediated by the protease cathepsin B. Our studies demonstrate that inhibitors of autophagy or cathepsin B activity and/or molecular targeting of p62/SQSTM1, Atg7, ...
Yang Wensheng - - 2012
Among proteins in the c-Myc/Max/Mad/Sin3 regulatory complex, Mad4 and Sin3B are routinely detected in human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell lines. In response to gamma radiation, the expression of Sin3B and Mad4 in GBM cells was upregulated in parallel over time, suggesting that Sin3B may play a role in the regulation ...
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