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Vazquez Daniel E DE Department of Surgery, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, - - 2014
Sepsis is a major healthcare problem and a leading cause of death worldwide. There is no dependable diagnosis, and treatment for this condition remains mainly supportive. The etiology of sepsis is related to an overwhelming inflammatory response. In this regard, the antimicrobial protein lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) has been associated with several ...
Dietert Kristina K Department of Veterinary Pathology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
The murine mCLCA5 protein is a member of the chloride channel regulators, calcium-activated (CLCA) family and is suspected to play a role in airway mucus cell differentiation. Although mCLCA5 mRNA was previously found in total lung extracts, the expressing cells and functions in the naive murine respiratory tract are unknown. ...
Wang Yanwen Y Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Oxford & Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, United - - 2014
-Impaired sarcoplasmic reticular (SR) Ca(2+) uptake resulting from decreased SR Ca(2+)-ATPase type 2a (SERCA2a) expression or activity is characteristic of heart failure (HF) with its associated ventricular arrhythmias. Recent attempts at gene therapy of these conditions explored strategies enhancing SERCA2a expression and/or activity as novel approaches to HF management. We ...
Srinivasan Padmanabhan P UCI/VA Medical - - 2014
Chronic exposure to alcohol affects different physiological aspects of pancreatic acinar cells (PAC), but its effect on the uptake process of biotin is not known. We addressed this issue using mouse-derived pancreatic acinar 266-6 cells chronically exposed to alcohol, and wild - type and transgenic mice [carrying the human SLC5A6 ...
Xiang Xinxin X From the Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, Peking University Health Science Center; Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Science, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, China Department of Pathology, Central Hospital of Zibo, Zibo 255000, - - 2014
Interconversion of white and brown adipocytes occurs between anabolic and catabolic states. The molecular mechanism regulating this phenotypic switch remains largely unknown. This study explores the role of tuberous sclerosis complex 1 (TSC1)-mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling in the conversion of brown to white adipose tissue. A colony of ...
Rodríguez A A 1] Metabolic Research Laboratory [2] CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, - - 2014
Background/ObjetivesObese leptin-deficient ob/ob mice exhibit high adiposity and reduced muscle mass with leptin replacement promoting weight loss and inducing muscle accretion through PGC-1α-dependent mechanisms. Our aim was to analyze in vivo and in vitro the effect of leptin on FNDC5, a novel PGC-1α-dependent myokine that is synthesized and cleaved to ...
Lu B B Division of Metabolic and Vascular Health, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, - - 2014
ObjectivesThe corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)/urocortin system is expressed in the adipose tissue of mammals but its functional role in this tissue remains unknown.MethodsPharmacological manipulation of CRF-Receptors, CRF1 and CRF2, activity was performed in 3T3L1 white pre-adipocytes and T37i brown pre-adipocytes during in vitro differentiation. The expression of genes of the CRF/Urocortin ...
Janssen Claudia C The Stone Centre at Vancouver General Hospital, Department of Urologic Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Department of Urology, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, - - 2014
Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) halts ureteral peristalsis and may cause pain and lead to infection. The ability of the ureter to recover following removal of the obstruction remains unclear. Erythropoietin (EPO) has been shown to have protective effects in non-hematopoietic organs and to restore peristalsis in hypocontractile intestinal smooth muscle ...
Yu Haitao H Department of Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Capital Medical University, No. 10 Xitoutiao, You An Men, Beijing 100069, PR - - 2014
Ahr activation is known to be associated with synovitis and exacerbated RA, but its contributions to bone loss have not been completely elucidated. Osteoblast proliferation and differentiation are abnormal at the erosion site in RA. Here, we reported that the expression of Ahr was increased in the hind paws' bone ...
Goodson Michael L ML Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of California at - - 2014
Alternative mRNA splicing is an important means of diversifying function in higher eukaryotes. Notably, both NCoR and SMRT corepressors are subject to alternative mRNA splicing, yielding a series of distinct corepressor variants with highly divergent functions. Normal adipogenesis is associated with a switch in corepressor splicing from NCoRω to NCoRδ, ...
Rudraiah Swetha S Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Flavin-containing monooxygenase-3 (FMO3) catalyzes metabolic reactions similar to cytochrome P450 monooxygenase, however, most metabolites of FMO3 are considered non-toxic. Recent findings in our laboratory demonstrated Fmo3 gene induction following toxic acetaminophen (APAP) treatment in mice. The goal of this study was to evaluate Fmo3 gene expression in other diverse mouse ...
Gladman Jordan T JT Department of Pathology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, 22908, - - 2014
RNA toxicity is implicated in a number of disorders; especially those associated with expanded repeat sequences, such as myotonic dystrophy (DM1). Previously, we have shown increased NKX2-5 expression in RNA toxicity associated with DM1. Here, we investigate the relationship between NKX2-5 expression and muscle pathology due to RNA toxicity. In ...
Lu Sizhao S Sizhao Lu, Emily Zmijewski, John Gollan, Duygu Dee Harrison-Findik, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5820, United - - 2014
To determine the regulation of human hepcidin (HAMP) and mouse hepcidin (hepcidin-1 and hepcidin-2) gene expression in the liver by apoptosis using in vivo and in vitro experimental models. For the induction of the extrinsic apoptotic pathway, HepG2 cells were treated with various concentrations of CH11, an activating antibody for ...
Zhang Feng-Ying FY Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of - - 2014
Background: This study was performed to explore the mechanism underlying tinnitus by investigating the changes in the synaptic ribbons and RIBEYE expression in cochlear inner hair cells in salicylate-induced tinnitus. Methods: C57BL/6J mice were injected with salicylate (350 mg/kg) for 10 days and grouped. Behavioral procedures were performed to assess ...
Gao Zhen Z Institute of Vascular Medicine and Li Ka Shing Institute of Health Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, - - 2014
Palmitic acid, one of the saturated free fatty acids, impairs cardiovascular function as manifested by inducing vascular inflammation, apoptosis and over-production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) although the origin for ROS remains unclear. The present study investigated the cellular mechanisms underlying palmitate-induced impairment of endothelial function. Ex vivo treatment in ...
Ham Sun Ah SA Department of Animal Biotechnology, Konkuk University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Changes in skin connective tissues mediated by ultraviolet (UV) radiation have been suggested to cause the skin wrinkling normally associated with premature aging of the skin. Recent investigations have shown that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ plays multiple biological roles in skin homeostasis. We attempted to investigate whether PPARδ modulates ...
Park Eunkyoung E Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Microscopic colitis is characterized by chronic watery diarrhea with specific pathological changes that can be diagnosed by microscopic examination. We performed immunohistochemical analysis of proinflammatory cytokines to investigate the pathogenic mechanism of microscopic colitis. This study consisted of six patients with lymphocytic colitis, six patients with collagenous colitis, and six ...
Palma-Nicolás José Prisco - - 2013
The proliferation, directional migration to the vitreous and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of quiescent, differentiated retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells is a major feature in the development of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) following exposure of the immuno-privileged eye niche to serum components, thrombin among them. We have previously documented thrombin induction of ...
Wang Jennifer T - - 2013
The germline of Caenorhabditis elegans derives from a single founder cell, the germline blastomere P(4). P(4) is the product of four asymmetric cleavages that divide the zygote into distinct somatic and germline (P) lineages. P(4) inherits a specialized cytoplasm ("germ plasm") containing maternally encoded proteins and RNAs. The germ plasm ...
Singh Mamata M Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2013
Human antigen R (HuR) is a post-transcriptional regulator of gene expression that plays a key role in stabilizing mRNAs during cellular stress, leading to enhanced survival. HuR expression is tightly regulated through multiple transcription and post-transcriptional controls. Although HuR is known to stabilize a subset of mRNAs involved in cell ...
Nelson Craig M CM Department of Biological Sciences and the Center for Zebrafish Research, Galvin Life Science Building, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, - - 2012
We analyzed the role of Stat3, Ascl1a, and Lin28a in Müller glia reentry into the cell cycle following damage to the zebrafish retina. Immunohistochemical analysis was employed to determine the temporal and spatial expression of Stat3 and Ascl1a proteins following rod and cone photoreceptor cell apoptosis. Stat3 expression was observed ...
Tsao Chun-Ming - - 2012
Oncogenic activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is common in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Our recent studies have demonstrated that SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 1 (SOX1) and secreted frizzled-related proteins are concomitantly promoter-hypermethylated, and this might lead to abnormal activation of the Wnt signaling pathway in HCC. SOX1 encodes a ...
Lindsey Stephan S Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, 15 Innovation Way, Newark, DE 19711, USA. - - 2012
In addition to its role as a toxicological signal mediator, the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) is also a transcription factor known to regulate cellular responses to oxidative stress and inflammation through transcriptional regulation of molecules involved in the signaling of nucear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), p53 (TRP53), retinoblastoma (RB1), and ...
Pfaffenbach Kyle T KT Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, Keck School of Medicine of USC, Los Angeles, California 90089-9176, - - 2012
Glucose regulated protein 78/immunoglobulin binding protein (GRP78/BiP) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone protein and master regulator of the unfolded protein response (UPR). The response of GRP78 to overt pharmacologically induced ER stress is well established, whereas the modulation of GRP78 to physiologic changes is less characterized. In this study, ...
Yi Cong - - 2012
Mounting evidence suggests that acetylation plays an important role in various biological processes including transcriptional regulation, DNA damage repair, cell cycle progression, aging, and glycolysis. It is increasingly recognized that acetylation also regulates autophagy; for example, increasing the cellular acetylation level by treating cells with histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such ...
Padmanabhan Raji - - 2012
The expression and function of several multidrug transporters (including ABCB1 and ABCG2) have been studied in human cancer cells and in mouse and human adult stem cells. However, the expression of ABCG2 in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) remains unclear. Limited and contradictory results in the literature from two research ...
Esmailpour Taraneh - - 2012
T-box 3 (Tbx3) is a member of the T-box family of genes. Mutations that result in the haploinsufficiency of TBX3 cause ulnar mammary syndrome in humans characterized by mammary gland hypoplasia as well as other congenital defects. In mice, homozygous mutations are embryonic lethal, suggesting that Tbx3 is essential for ...
Plachez Céline C The University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201-1559, USA. - - 2012
The nuclear factor one (NFI) family of transcription factors consists of four members in vertebrates, NFIA, NFIB, NFIC, and NFIX, which share a highly conserved N-terminal DNA-binding domain. NFI genes are widely expressed in the developing mouse brain, and mouse mutants lacking NFIA, NFIB, or NFIX exhibit developmental deficits in ...
Puetzer Jennifer J Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, - - 2013
This study investigates the effects of cyclic hydrostatic pressure (CHP) on chondrogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) in three-dimensional (3-D) agarose constructs maintained in a complete growth medium without soluble chondrogenic inducing factors. hASCs were seeded in 2% agarose hydrogels and exposed to 7.5 MPa CHP for 4 h per ...
Aquilano Katia K Department of Biology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, - - 2013
The transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1 α (PPARGC1A or PGC-1α) is a powerful controller of cell metabolism and assures the balance between the production and the scavenging of pro-oxidant molecules by coordinating mitochondrial biogenesis and the expression of antioxidants. However, even though a huge amount of data referring to ...
Lopez-Escobar Beatriz B Grupo de Neurodesarrollo, Unidad de Gestión de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Seville, - - 2012
The ventral ectodermal ridge (VER) is an important signalling centre in the mouse tail-bud following completion of gastrulation. BMP regulation is essential for VER function, but how these signals are transmitted between adjacent tissues is unclear. We investigated the idea that extracellular matrix components might be involved, using immunohistochemistry and ...
Chen Chia-Hung - - 2012
Gene therapy provides a novel strategy and a new hope for patients with cancer. Unfortunately, the specifics of the delivery systems or the promoters have not achieved the specified efficacy so far, and the perfection of either system will be extremely difficult. In this study, we introduce a simple concept ...
Sakai Asao - - 2012
Most non-small-cell lung cancer tumors with epidermal growth factor receptor mutations are responsive to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as gefitinib and erlotinib, but almost all such tumors ultimately acquire resistance. We previously found that a gefitinib-resistant cell line, PC-9/Met in which MET (MNNG-HOS transforming gene) is amplified, was more ...
Guo Huazhang - - 2012
Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channel superfamily plays important roles in variety cellular processes including polymodal cellular sensing, cell adhesion, cell polarity, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. One of its subfamilies are TRPM channels. mRNA expression of its founding member, TRPM1 (melastatin), correlates with terminal melanocytic differentiation and loss of its ...
Medioni Caroline - - 2012
Intracellular targeting of mRNAs has long been recognized as a means to produce proteins locally, but has only recently emerged as a prevalent mechanism used by a wide variety of polarized cell types. Localization of mRNA molecules within the cytoplasm provides a basis for cell polarization, thus underlying developmental processes ...
Kohno Tomoko - - 2012
Several cell stresses induce nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) activation, which include irradiation, oxidation, and UV. Interestingly, serum-starving stress-induced NF-κB activation in COS cells, but not in COS-A717 cells. COS-A717 is a mutant cell line of COS cells that is defective of the NF-κB signaling pathway. We isolated genes with compensating activity ...
Shimada Akira - - 2012
The prognostic value of WT1 mRNA expression in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains controversial. A sample of newly diagnosed (n = 158) AML patients from the Japanese Childhood AML Cooperative Treatment Protocol, AML 99, were simultaneously analyzed for WT1 expression, cytogenetic abnormalities and gene alterations (FLT3, KIT, MLL, and RAS). WT1 ...
Fähling Michael - - 2012
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is a well-studied transcription factor mediating cellular adaptation to hypoxia. It also plays a crucial role under normoxic conditions, such as in inflammation, where its regulation is less well understood. The 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of HIF-1α mRNA is among the most conserved UTRs in the genome, hinting ...
Smorag Lukasz - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Spermatogenesis is strictly regulated by both transcriptional as well as post-transcriptional mechanisms. Although the transcriptional regulation mechanisms are well documented, the post-transcriptional mechanisms are largely unknown. Recently, it became apparent that microRNAs (miRNAs) can regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. Despite the advances in identifying the testis-expressed miRNAs and their role ...
Vieira Luís - - 2012
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm essentially characterized by excessive production of platelets. Molecular pathogenesis of ET is linked in approximately half of the patients to intracellular cytokine signaling dysregulation as a result of thrombopoietin receptor or Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) mutations. However, genetic defects underlying cytokine transcription have ...
Woo Seon Min - - 2012
Calyculin A (Cal A) is a serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitor that is capable of inducing apoptosis in cancer cells. In this study, we examined whether Cal A could modulate TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human renal carcinoma-derived Caki cells. Our results show that Cal A is capable of sensitizing Caki cells to TRAIL-induced ...
Mizrak Arda - - 2012
Microvesicles (MVs) play an important role in intercellular communication by carrying mRNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs), non-coding RNAs, proteins, and DNA from cell to cell. To our knowledge, this is the first report of delivery of a therapeutic mRNA/protein via MVs for treatment of cancer. We first generated genetically engineered MVs by ...
Mohammed Seedahmed A - - 2012
cDNA corresponding to two type-I vacuolar H(+)-inorganic pyrophosphatases (V-PPases) (SlVP1, SlVP2) and one type-II V-PPase (SlVP3) was isolated from tomato fruit to investigate their role in fruit development. Southern analysis revealed that type-I V-PPase genes form a multigene family, whereas there is only one type-II V-PPase gene in the tomato ...
Kim K-J - - 2012
Resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a significant clinical problem in the treatment of cancer and this resistance has been linked to the cellular expression of multidrug-efflux transporters. The aim of this study was to explore the role of HOXC6 in the regulation of multidrug resistance (MDR) to chemotherapeutic drugs. The ...
Torti Stefano - - 2012
Arabidopsis plants flower in response to long days (LDs). Exposure of leaves to inductive day lengths activates expression of FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) protein which moves to the shoot apical meristem (SAM) to induce developmental reprogramming. SUPPRESSOR OF OVEREXPRESSION OF CONSTANS 1 (SOC1) and FRUITFULL (FUL) are induced by FT ...
Wells Melissa L - - 2012
Members of the tristetraprolin (TTP) family of CCCH tandem zinc finger proteins can bind directly to AU-rich elements in mRNAs and promote transcript deadenylation and decay. The yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe expresses a single TTP family member, Zfs1p. In this study, we identified probable Zfs1p target mRNAs by comparing transcript levels ...
Waaijer Cathelijn J F - - 2012
Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumours that can arise centrally (in the medulla) or peripherally (at the surface) of the bone. They are classified into three histological grades which correspond to the clinical severity. Previous studies by our group have shown altered signal transduction of the fibroblast growth factor and Wnt ...
Permpoonputtana Kannika - - 2012
Methamphetamine (METH) is a highly addictive drug that is commonly abused worldwide. This psychostimulant drug causes the disturbances in the dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons of several brain areas. Exposure to METH has been shown to induce oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species, and neuroinflammation. However, the mechanism underlying ...
Ohgiya Daisuke - - 2012
Background/Aims: Promyelocytic leukemia protein (PML) was originally identified as a tumor suppressor but has been recently shown to have the ability to control stem cell function in multiple tissues including malignancies. This study aimed to evaluate the biological and clinical significance of PML in multiple myeloma (MM). Methods: We knocked ...
Sung Pei-Ju - - 2012
To better understand neuroblastoma differentiation, we used microarray analysis to identify common gene expression changes from three differentiation models. This revealed STMN4 and ROBO2 to be consistently up-regulated in differentiated neuroblastoma cells induced by chromosome 1 transfer, MYCN knockdown, and 9-cis retinoic acid (9cRA). Furthermore, stable expression of transfected STMN4 ...
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