Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 3115
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Wihastuti Titin A TA Department of Biomedicine, Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Malang, - - 2014
Aim: to detect the levels of CEC and expression of NFκB in the three groups of subjects with certain conditions. Methods: this study is an exploratory study using human peripheral blood samples. The study subjects comprised three groups, the group of 23 healthy people, a group of 35 people that ...
Görmüs U U Istanbul Bilim University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Istanbul, - - 2014
Among the suspected reasons for varicose vein formation are changes in the quantity and content of the elastin protein; however, comprehensive investigations about elastin assembly in varicose vein formation are yet lacking. In this study, we aimed to determine the changes in mRNA levels of elastin and some of its ...
Chen Na N Department of Ophthalmology, Ren Ji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Department of Ophthalmology, First Affiliated Hospital of Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Retinal neovascularization (RNV) is an eye disease that can cause retinal detachment and even lead to blindness. RNV mainly occurs in the elderly population. The pathogenesis of RNV has been previously reported to be highly related to the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), basic fibroblast growth factor ...
Ren Sheng-Wei SW Qingdao University-SEI Joint Ophthalmology Program, Qingdao University Medical College, Qingdao 266071, Shandong Province, China ; Shandong Provincial Key Lab of Ophthalmology, Shandong Eye Institute, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Qingdao 266071, Shandong Province, - - 2014
To solidify the involvement of Saa-related pathway in corneal neovascularization (CorNV). The pathogenesis of inflammatory CorNV is not fully understood yet, and our previous study implicated that serum amyloid A (Saa) 1 (Saa1) and Saa3 were among the genes up-regulated upon CorNV induction in mice. Microarray data obtained during our ...
Boschetti Elisa E Department of Surgical and Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy; Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare autosomal recessive mitochondrial disease associated with mutations in the nuclear TYMP gene. As a result, the thymidine phosphorylase (TP) enzyme activity is markedly reduced leading to toxic accumulation of thymidine and therefore altered mitochondrial DNA. MNGIE is characterized by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility, neurological ...
Han Wenchao W Department of Pediatrics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong - - 2014
Fish oil containing n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is known to prevent the progression of nephropathy and retard the progression of kidney disease. This study sought to investigate the underlying mechanisms of EPA and DHA in terms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ...
Lou Yue Y 1] College of Life and Environment Sciences, Development Center of Plant Germplasm Resources, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China - - 2014
The pollen wall, an essential structure for pollen function, consists of two layers, an inner intine and an outer exine. The latter is further divided into sexine and nexine. Many genes involved in sexine development have been reported, in which the MYB transcription factor Male Sterile 188 (MS188) specifies sexine ...
Migita Kiyoshi K Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Research Center, Nagasaki Medical Center, Omura, Nagasaki, - - 2014
Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an acute phase reactant with significant immunological activities, including effects on cytokine synthesis and neutrophil chemotaxis. Neutrophils can also release cytokines with proinflammatory properties. IL-1β is a key proinflammatory cytokine, the secretion of which is controlled by inflammasome. We investigated the proinflammatory effects of SAA ...
Han Su-Xia SX Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University Medical College, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, - - 2014
Purpose. Yes-associated protein (YAP) and PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are two important effectors of Hippo pathway controlling the balance of organ size and carcinogenesis. Amphiregulin (AREG) is a member of the epidermal growth factor family, a direct target gene of YAP and TAZ. The role of these proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Jiao Qingqing Q Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 188 Shizi Road, Suzhou 215006, - - 2014
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease with complicated genetic inheritance. Programmed death 1 (PD-1), a negative T cell regulator to maintain peripheral tolerance, induces negative signals to T cells during interaction with its ligands and is therefore a candidate gene in the development of SLE. In order ...
Suren Dinc D Pathology, Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey E-mail : - - 2014
Background: AKAP12 inhibits oncogenic proliferation, invasion, chemotaxis and neovascularization. Bcl-2 and p53 are two important apoptotic markers that play roles in apoptotic processes. It has been found that AKAP12 blocks the cell cycle and induces apoptosis in fibrosarcoma cells. In our study we assessed the relationship of AKAP12 with apoptotic ...
Tangen Ingvild Løberg IL Center for Cancer Biomarkers, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway; Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, - - 2014
The transcription factor Forkhead box A1 (FOXA1) is suggested to be important in hormone dependent cancers, although with little data for endometrial cancer. We investigated expression levels of FOXA1 in primary and metastatic endometrial cancer in relation to clinical phenotype, and transcriptional alterations related to FOXA1 status. Protein expression of ...
Pang Silin S New Drug Screening Center, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China; State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, - - 2014
Chronic stress can affect skin function, and some skin diseases might be triggered or aggravated by stress. Stress can activate the central hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, which causes glucocorticoid levels to increase. The skin has HPA axis elements that react to environmental stressors to regulate skin functions, such as melanogenesis. This ...
Levidou Georgia G 0000-0002-1398-178X First Department of Pathology, Laikon Hospital, University of Athens, Medical School, 75 Mikras Asias street, 11527 Athens, - - 2014
A number of studies have looked into the pathophysiological role of angiogenesis in CLL, but the results have often been inconsistent. We aimed to gain direct insight into the angiogenic process in lymph nodes involved by CLL, focusing on proangiogenic cytokines and microvessel morphometry. The tissue levels of VEGF, Th-2 ...
Wang Ting T Department of Hematology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University, 154 Anshandao, Heping, Tianjin 300052, - - 2014
Abnormal telomere attrition has been found to be closely related to patients with SAA in recent years. To identify the incidence of telomere attrition in SAA patients and investigate the relationship of telomere length with clinical parameters, SAA patients (n = 27) and healthy controls (n = 15) were enrolled ...
Xin Dai - - 2014
To investigate the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins including Zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), occludin and claudin-1 in intestinal epithelial cells in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and study its potential association with the pathogenesis of NAFLD. Twenty-eight NAFLD patients with elevated transaminase, 30 NAFLD patients with normal transaminase ...
Talarowska Monika M Department of Adult Psychiatry, Medical University of Łódź, Łódź, - - 2014
Background Recurrent depressive disorder is a multifactorial disease; one of the typical features is cognitive impairment. The purpose of this study was analysis of ASMT gene expression both on mRNA and protein levels in patients with recurrent depressive disorder (rDD) and assessment of the relationship between plasma level of ASMT ...
Ning Zhen Z Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Dalian Medical University Dalian, - - 2014
Nek2 is a serine/threonine kinase that has a critical role in mitosis during the cell division process. Despite its importance in centrosome regulation and spindle formation, no direct binders are reported between human pancreatic cancer and Nek2 protein. Our aim in studying Nek2 expression and survival in PDA patients is ...
Zeng Dongfeng D Department of Hematology, Xinqiao Hospital, Third Military Medical University Chongqing, 400037, - - 2014
Aberrant angiogenesis is essential to the development and progression of leukemia. Ginsenoside Rg3 has been commonly used in anti-angiogenic therapy of solid tumors. This study aimed to investigate the anti-angiogenic effects of Rg3 in patients with acute leukemia. Bone marrow stromal cells derived from patients with acute leukemia were treated ...
Rodrigues Patrícia Garcia PG Post-Graduate Program in Medicine: Medical Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
It is not clear how the podocyte damage manifests in different glomerulopathies. This study evaluated the podocyte-associated mRNA profiles in renal tissue and urine of patients with proliferative (PGs) or non-proliferative (NPGs) glomerulopathies. Messenger RNA levels of nephrin, podocin, podocalyxin, synaptopodin, and alpha-actinin-4 were measured in the kidney tissue and ...
Wang Xu X Institute of Hematology, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China ; Key Laboratory for Regenerative Medicine of Ministry of Education, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disorder; abnormal T cell immunity plays a critical role in the development of RA. Recently, A20 was identified as a key negative regulator for T cell activation and inflammatory signaling and may be involved in RA pathogenesis. In this study, we analyzed the ...
Seri Yu Y Department of Allergy and Rheumatology, Graduation School of Medicine, University of - - 2014
  Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the representative auto-immune diseases, characterized by systemic inflammatory synovitis. Various genetic and environmental factors which contribute to RA pathogenesis, has been suggested, however, detailed mechanism remained unknown. While around 100 genetic risk factors for RA have been reported, Peptidylarginine deiminase type4 (PADI4) was firstly ...
Karavana V N VN 1st Intensive Care Clinic, "Evangelismos" Hospital. - - 2014
PKCε, a DAG-dependent, Ca2+- independent kinase attenuates extent of fibrosis following tissue injury, suppresses apoptosis and promotes cell quiescence. In crescentic glomerulonephritis (CGN), glomerular epithelial cells (GEC) contribute to fibro-cellular crescent formation while they also transdifferentiate to a mesenchymal phenotype. The aim of this study was to assess PKCε expression ...
Si Yanhong Y Key Laboratory of Atherosclerosis in Universities of Shandong and Institute of Atherosclerosis, Taishan Medical University, Shandong 271000, China ; College of Basic Medical Sciences, Taishan Medical University, Shandong 271000, - - 2014
The study aimed to investigate the effect of niacin on vascular inflammatory lesions in vivo and in vitro as well as its lipid-regulating mechanism. In vivo study revealed that niacin downregulated the levels of inflammatory factors (IL-6 and TNF- α ) in plasma, suppressed protein expression of CD68 and NF- ...
Sjöberg Veronika V Department of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Life-long, strict gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for celiac disease (CD). Because there is still uncertainty regarding the safety of oats for CD patients, the aim was to investigate whether dietary oats influence the immune status of their intestinal mucosa. Paired small intestinal biopsies, before and after >11 ...
Frederick Dennie T DT Division of Surgical Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of - - 2014
While response rates to BRAF inhibitiors (BRAFi) are high, disease progression emerges quickly. One strategy to delay the onset of resistance is to target anti-apoptotic proteins such as BCL-2, known to be associated with a poor prognosis. We analyzed BCL-2 family member expression levels of 34 samples from 17 patients ...
Bastos Elen Pereira EP Oncology and Radiology Department, Laboratory of Medical Investigation 24 (LIM 24), University of São Paulo, Medical School, São Paulo, - - 2014
The influence of genetic factors may contribute to the poor prognosis of breast cancer (BC) at a very young age. However BRCA1/2 mutations could not explain the majority of cases arising in these patients. MicroRNAs (miRs) have been implicated in biological processes associated with BC. Therefore, we investigated differences in ...
Wu Zhenyang Z Key Laboratory of Agricultural Animal Genetics, Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Education, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China. - - 2014
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a key role in many biological processes by regulating gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. A number of miRNAs have been identified from livestock species. However, compared with other animals, such as pigs and cows, the number of miRNAs identified in goats is quite low, particularly in ...
Suzukawa Keigo K Division of Otolaryngology, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and VA Medical Center, La Jolla, California, United States of - - 2014
Otitis media is one of the most common pediatric infections. While it is usually treated without difficulty, up to 20% of children may progress to long-term complications that include hearing loss, impaired speech and language development, academic underachievement, and irreversible disease. Hyperplasia of middle ear mucosa contributes to the sequelae ...
Yamanaka Shuichiro S Division of Regenerative Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Internal Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, - - 2014
We previously demonstrated that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into functional kidney cells capable of urine and erythropoietin production, indicating that they may be used for kidney regeneration. However, the viability of MSCs from dialysis patients may be affected under uremic conditions. In this study, we isolated MSCs from the ...
Lundberg Ida V IV Department of Medical Biosciences, Pathology, Umeå University, Umeå, - - 2014
Sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common malignancy and also one of the main causes of cancer deaths worldwide. Aberrant expression of the transcription factor SOX2 has recently been observed in several cancer types, but its role in CRC has not been fully elucidated. Here we studied the expression of ...
Tammaro Claudia C Human Development and Health, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 6YD, UK. - - 2014
Unclassified variants (UV) of BRCA1 can affect normal pre-mRNA splicing. Here, we investigate the UV c.693G>A, a "silent" change in BRCA1 exon 11, which we have found induces aberrant splicing in patient carriers and in vitro. Using a minigene assay, we show that the UV c.693G>A has a strong effect ...
Al-Odat Ibrahim I School of Medical and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia; Renal Medicine, Kolling Institute, St Leonards, NSW, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate whether maternal cigarette smoke exposure can disrupt fetal kidney development by changing the expression of growth and transcription factors essential for renal development, and thereafter predispose the offspring to chronic kidney disease later in life. Female Balb/c mice (6 weeks) were exposed either to cigarette ...
Kuma Akihiro A Department of Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan; Second Department of Internal Medicine, Cardiology and Nephrology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, - - 2014
WNT signaling mediates various physiological and pathological processes. We previously showed that WNT10A is a novel angio/stromagenic factor involved in such processes as tumor growth, wound healing and tissue fibrosis. In this study, we investigated the role of WNT10A in promoting the fibrosis that is central to the pathology of ...
Liu Yugang Y Center of Laboratory Medicine, Chengdu Military General Hospital, Chengdu, P.R. - - 2014
The zinc finger protein A20 is an important negative regulator of inflammation; polymorphisms in the corresponding gene, TNFAIP3, have been reported to be associated with several inflammation diseases. However, only a few studies have focused on the relationship between TNFAIP3 polymorphisms and acute pancreatitis (AP). We enrolled 201 healthy controls ...
Scianaro Roberta R Rheumatology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome, - - 2014
This study aims to investigate the inflammasome response in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the expression of inflammasome components in bone biopsies from patients with chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO). The expression of inflammasome components mRNAs was evaluated in PBMCs isolated from 15 CRMO patients and 13 healthy controls ...
Park Young-Ok YO Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Keimyung University, Daegu, - - 2013
This study was carried out to examine the action mechanism of Chamaecyparis obtusa oil (CO) on hair growth in C57BL/6 mice. For alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) activities in the skin tissue, at week 4, the 3% minoxidil (MXD) and 3% CO treatment groups showed an ALP activity ...
Meng Fanyin F Research, Central Texas Veteran's Health Care System, Temple, Texas; Scott and White Digestive Disease Research Center, Scott and White Healthcare, Temple, Texas; Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, - - 2013
Histamine is formed by the conversion of l-histidine into histamine by histidine decarboxylase (HDC). We have previously shown that inhibition of HDC blocks cholangiocyte proliferation and silencing of HDC decreases vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. We hypothesized that increased HDC expression during cholestatic liver injury is mediated by the ...
Thomas Alvin G AG Department of Cell & Developmental Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 601 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. Electronic address: - - 2013
Xenopus laevis is among the few species that are capable of fully regenerating a lost lens de novo. This occurs upon removal of the lens, when secreted factors from the retina are permitted to reach the cornea epithelium and trigger it to form a new lens. Although many studies have ...
Friedmacher Florian F National Children's Research Centre, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, - - 2013
Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH), characterized by alveolar immaturity, remains the main cause of neonatal mortality and long-term morbidity in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Lipid-containing interstitial fibroblasts (LIFs) are critically important for normal alveolar development. Thymocyte antigen 1 (Thy-1) is a highly expressed cell-surface protein in this specific subset of ...
Pennacchi Y Y National Centre for Marine Conservation and Resource Sustainability, Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania, Launceston, - - 2013
Amoebic gill disease (AGD) is a disease caused by the ectoparasite Neoparamoeba perurans which affects several cultured marine fish worldwide. The characterisation of pro-inflammatory and immune related genes at the mRNA level in AGD-affected Atlantic salmon gills was performed at 10 days post-inoculation using 2D quantitative RT-PCR, a method of ...
Buelli Simona S IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri," Centro Anna Maria Astori, Bergamo, - - 2013
Activation of endothelin-A receptor (ETAR) by endothelin-1 (ET-1) drives epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in ovarian tumor cells through β-arrestin signaling. Here, we investigated whether this pathogenetic pathway could affect podocyte phenotype in proliferative glomerular disorders. In cultured mouse podocytes, ET-1 caused loss of the podocyte differentiation marker synaptopodin and acquisition of the ...
Vijayakumar Soundarapandian S 1University of Rochester Medic - - 2013
Basement membrane abnormalities have often been observed in the kidney cysts of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patients and animal models. There is abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix molecules, including laminin-α3,β3,γ2 (laminin-332), in human autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD). Knockdown of PKD1 paralogs in zebrafish leads to dysregulated synthesis of the extracellular ...
Wang Jinyang J 1capital medical - - 2013
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most important diabetic microangiopathies. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in DN. The physiological role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) was closely linked to EMT. However, it remained elusive whether Tongxinluo (TXL) ameliorated renal structure and function by regulating miR-21-Induced EMT in ...
Mozzini Chiara C Department of Medicine, Section of Internal Medicine, University of Verona 10, Piazzale L.A. Scuro 37134 Verona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Insults interfering with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) function, lead to accumulation of unfolded and misfolded proteins in ER that initiates the unfolded protein response (UPR). When the UPR fails to control the level of unfolded and misfolded proteins, ER-initiated apoptotic ...
Shin Dae Hyun DH R&D Center, Somang Cosmetics Corporation, 687-14 Kozan-dong, Namdong-gu, Incheon, 405-310, Republic of - - 2013
Crude Panax ginseng has been documented to possess hair growth activity and is widely used to treat alopecia, but the effects of ginsenoside Rg3 on hair growth have not to our knowledge been determined. The aim of the current study was to identify the molecules through which Rg3 stimulates hair ...
Ye Young-Min YM Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Increased FcεR1α expression with upregulated CD203c expression on peripheral basophils is seen in patients with chronic urticaria (CU). However, there has been no published report on the association between CD203c expression level and clinical disease activity in CU patients. To investigate whether the increase of basophil activation is associated with ...
Wang R R Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, 733 North Broadway, MRB-507, Baltimore, MD, 21205, - - 2013
Neuroglobin (NGB) is a neuron-specific vertebrate globin shown to protect against hypoxia, ischemia, oxidative stress and the toxic effects of Amyloid-beta. Following on our and others' results highlighting the importance of NGB expression in disease, we searched for genetic determinants of its expression. We found that a microRNA expressed with ...
Nakabayashi Motoki M Division of Organ Pathology, Department of Microbiology and Pathology, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Graduate School of Medical Science, Yonago, Tottori 683-8503, Japan ; Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Biopathological Surgery, Department of Sensory and Motor Organ Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University Graduate School of Medical Science, Yonago, Tottori 683-8503, Japan ; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Matsue Red Cross Hospital, Matsue, Shimane 690-8506, - - 2014
Paired-like homeodomain 1 (PITX1) genes are essential in human development. In the present study, PITX1 protein expression was evaluated in human normal oral mucosa, oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), with the aim of examining the expression patterns of these critical genes during the multi-stage transformation of ...
Sedano-Balbas S S Molecular Diagnostics Research Group, National Centre for Biomedical Engineering Science, National Diagnostics Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland, - - 2013
We investigated the link between the mRNA of the procoagulant prothrombin in the placental tissue with the increased placental fibrin deposition associated with activated protein C resistance (APCR). Women with APCR were not found to produce higher levels of prothrombin transcript compared to women with a normal APC ratio. This ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >