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Zhang Yongliang - - 2013
Through a process known as melanogenesis, melanocyte produces melanin in specialized organelles termed melanosomes, which regulates pigmentation of the skin, eyes and hair. Gp96 is a constitutively expressed heat shock protein in the endoplasmic reticulum whose expression is further up-regulated upon ultraviolet irradiation. However, the roles and mechanisms of this ...
Vassiliou Alice G - - 2013
Gene expression profiling was performed via DNA microarrays in leukocytes from critically-ill trauma, non septic upon admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) patients, who subsequently developed either sepsis (n = 2) or severe sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS; n = 3). By comparing our results with published ...
Brito João A R - - 2013
Increased expression of microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-21, miR-345, and miR-181b has been demonstrated in oral leukoplakia (OL) that progresses to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), suggesting a miRNA signature with potential prognostic value. On the basis of these findings, this pilot study aimed to investigate the cytological and histopathological features that ...
Smith Siobhán - - 2013
Objectives: To examine a role for 17β-estradiol in the regulation of the autoantigen tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM21) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Monocytes isolated from both healthy controls and patients with SLE were stimulated with 17β-estradiol and/or the estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) antagonist methyl-piperidino-pyrazole dihydrochloride (MPP). ...
Bagheri Nader - - 2013
Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is associated with gastritis and marked infiltration of the gastric mucosa by several cytokines secreting inflammatory cells that contribute to sustain and expand the local inflammation. Different clinical expressions of the infection may reflect distinctive patterns of cytokine expression. IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-17 and IL-23 have been ...
Guo Shanqi - - 2013
Solitary plasmacytoma of bone (SPB) is a rare tumor that represents a minority of patients with plasma cell localized malignancy characterized by a single osteolytic bone lesion. The molecular mechanism underlying the genesis of SPB has remained enigmatic. Signal transducers and activators of transcription-3 (STAT3) is often activated in human ...
Grimminger Tanja - - 2013
Pharmacoresistance to antiepileptic drugs (AED) is a major clinical problem in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). Levetiracetam (LEV) represents a unique type of AED as its high-affinity binding site, the synaptic vesicle protein SV2A, is a component of the presynaptic release machinery. LEV often leads to full seizure ...
Roussel A J J - - 2013
Epidermal tight junctions (TJs) have been well characterized in human medicine. Abnormality of these structures is involved in skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis. There is little information about the expression and distribution of TJ proteins in the canine skin. The aim of this study was to develop an optimal ...
Warneke V S - - 2013
Background:We investigated the expression of members of the epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) signalling pathway in gastric cancer (GC) testing the following hypotheses: are these molecules expressed in GC and are they putatively involved in GC biology.Methods:The study cohort consisted of 482 patients. The following members of the EpCAM signalling ...
Tonthat Catherine Vumien - - 2013
Pterygium is a common, benign fibrovascular disease of the human ocular surface that can impair vision and restrict ocular mobility if not removed. Surgical excision is the most common form of treatment; however, non-surgical therapeutics are being developed, which target the angiogenic component of this disease. Nestin is a class ...
Humplikova Lenka - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. In the pathogenesis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), miR-15a and miR-16-1 play an important role. These miRNAs are located on chromosome 13 in the 13q14.3 region, which is deleted in more than 55% of ...
Colette Sébastien - - 2013
To evaluate, in peritoneal, ovarian, and rectovaginal endometriotic lesions, expression of steroidogenic enzymes involved in the activation and inactivation of estrogens: 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD17B1) and 2 (HSD17B2), estrone sulfotransferase (EST), and steroid sulfatase (STS). Academic gynecology research unit. Retrospective study. Disease-free (n = 41) patients and patients with ...
Li Dawei - - 2013
Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) has been verified to serve as a credible prognostic marker for several types of cancers, but its role in urologic carcinomas remains undetermined. In this study, we analyzed the significance of HDGF, as well as its relative factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and ...
Toiyama Yuji - - 2013
Slug and Vimentin genes play a critical role in regulating epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via down-regulation of epithelial markers and up-regulation of mesenchymal markers. The present study evaluated the clinical significance of Slug and Vimentin expression as potential disease biomarkers in colorectal cancer (CRC). At first, the biological role of Slug ...
Bahnassy Abeer A - - 2013
Background: We studied the contribution of p53 family proteins and their isoforms to the development and progression of colorectal carcinoma in relation to VEGF. Methods: p53, p63, p73 and VEGF proteins were assessed in 45 colorectal adenomas (CRAs), 80 carcinomas (CRCs) and 36 normal colonic tissue samples (NCT) by immunohistochemistry. ...
Chiu David - - 2013
Many previous studies demonstrated that cell adhesion molecules CD44v6 and integrin-ß1 had been extensively investigated as potential prognostic markers of various cancers. However, data in PC are scarce. We now investigate CD44v6 and integrin-ß1 mRNA expression in PBMC by a triplex real-time RT-PCR assay and protein expression in plasma by ...
Sagar Shrestha Kumar Duwal - - 2013
The objective of this study was to detect the expression of Angiotensin-II (Ang-II), Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and Endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the kidneys of patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to investigate their relationship with renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF). A total of 47 paraffin specimens of patients with DN and six ...
Silva Mayara Marques Carneiro da - - 2013
Currently, several assays can confirm acute dengue infection at the point-of-care. However, none of these assays can predict the severity of the disease symptoms. A prognosis test that predicts the likelihood of a dengue patient to develop a severe form of the disease could permit more efficient patient triage and ...
Silpanisong Jinjutha - - 2013
Hypoxia can induce functional and structural vascular remodeling by changing the expression of trophic factors to promote homeostasis. While most experimental approaches have been focused on functional remodeling, structural remodeling can reflect changes in the abundance and organization of vascular proteins that determine functional remodeling. Better understanding of age-dependent hypoxic ...
Lin Lijuan - - 2013
Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein 3 (IMP3) has been recently identified as a marker of aggressive behavior in several types of tumors. The aim of the present study was to detect the expression of the IMP3 protein in colorectal adenocarcinoma (CRA) and to identify a correlation with the clinicopathological features ...
- - 2013
Objective: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a high-grade neoplasm that has heterogeneous properties in clinical, morphological, and immunophenotypic aspects. In the present study the effects of p53, Bcl-2, and Ki67 on prognosis and their relationships with clinical parameters were examined. 
 Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients who had been ...
Sanchez-Niño Maria Dolores - - 2013
Non-proliferative proteinuric diseases are the most common primary glomerular disorders causing end-stage renal disease. These disorders may associate low level glomerular inflammation and podocyte expression of inflammatory mediators. However, the factors regulating podocyte expression of inflammatory mediators in vivo in non-immune disorders are poorly understood. We have now explored the ...
Kinashi Hiroshi - - 2013
Peritoneal fibrosis (PF) causes ultrafiltration failure (UFF) and is a complicating factor in long-term peritoneal dialysis. Lymphatic reabsorption also may contribute to UFF, but little is known about lymphangiogenesis in patients with UFF and peritonitis. We studied the role of the lymphangiogenesis mediator vascular endothelial growth factor-C (VEGF-C) in human ...
Das Raunak Kumar - - 2013
Evaluating molecular attributes in association with its epithelial and sub-epithelial changes of oral sub-mucous fibrosis is meaningful in exploring plausibility of epithelio-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and malignant potentiality of this pathosis. In this study histopathological and histochemical attributes for basement membrane and connective tissue in biopsies of oral sub-mucous fibrosis (n=55) ...
Friedmacher Florian - - 2013
Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) is a life-threatening condition associated with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), characterized by defective lung development. Sproutys and Sprouty-related proteins (SPREDs) play a key role in lung branching morphogenesis through modification of epithelial-mesenchymal interactions. During the pseudoglandular stage, Sproutys are highly expressed in distal airway epithelium, while SPREDs ...
Yang Jungwoo - - 2013
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is caused by mutations in PKD1 or PKD2, and it affects over 10 million people worldwide. It is characterized by cyst formation in the kidney, liver and pancreas. Dosage changes in PKD1/PKD2 are important in ADPKD pathogenesis; therefore, their expression and function has to ...
Currò M - - 2013
Gingival epithelium plays a key role in the protection of oral tissues from microbial challenge, especially during the periodontal disease. This study was aimed to evaluate levels of mRNA transcripts of different forms of transglutaminase in the human gingival tissues from patients with chronic periodontitis and relative controls. This study ...
Sun Yong-Xin - - 2013
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling has been suggested to be effective in modifying cognitive status in animal models of Alzheimer's disease (AD), but little is known about its role in AD patients. We hereby tested whether mTOR signaling was activated and whether activated mTOR signaling was related to the ...
Hao Ji-Qing - - 2013
Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is an IL-10 family cytokine that was recently discovered to be released by T helper 17 (Th17) cells, Th22 cells, etc. Recently, there is emerging evidence that IL-22 is involved in the development and pathogenesis of psoriasis. For instance, IL-22 can inhibit keratinocyte terminal differentiation and can induce ...
Lu Yongguang - - 2013
Endothelial microparticles (EMPs) can be involved in inflammatory process, blood coagulation, and regulation of vascular function. However, it remains unclear whether EMPs participate in the pathogenesis of ACS. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of EMPs on Th1/Th2 development and functions in vitro. Eight-five patients were ...
Menéndez Pablo - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that are involved in carcinogenesis through postranscriptional gene regulatory activity. Few studies have focused on the detection of miR-21 in serum rather than in tissue. The current study aimed to measure serum miR-21 expression levels and to evaluate their association with the outcome of ...
Menini Stefano - - 2013
Vascular calcification correlates with inflammation and plaque instability in a dual manner, depending on the spotty/granular (micro) or sheet-like/lamellated (macro) pattern of calcification. Modified lipoproteins trigger both inflammation and calcification via receptors for advanced lipoxidation/glycation endproducts (ALEs/AGEs). This study compared the roles of galectin-3 and receptor for AGEs (RAGE), two ...
Lindquist Jonathan A - - 2013
Activated fibroblasts, denoted as myofibroblasts, express smooth muscle actin (SMA) and are considered key mediators of renal fibrosis. To identify and isolate these elusive cells, LeBleu et al. generated a new transgenic mouse model expressing a red fluorescent protein under the control of the alpha SMA promoter. Gene expression profiling ...
Shin Dong Yeob - - 2013
Functional chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4) is well known to be over-expressed in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The aim of this study was to evaluate whether or not the expression of CXCR4 is different by histological subtypes of PTC and to elucidate the relationship between the expression of CXCR4 ...
Tenten Verena - - 2013
Under physiologic conditions, significant amounts of plasma protein pass the renal filter and are reabsorbed by proximal tubular cells, but it is not clear whether the endocytosed protein, particularly albumin, is degraded in lysosomes or returned to the circulatory system intact. To resolve this question, a transgenic mouse with podocyte-specific ...
Crouthamel Matthew H MH From the Departments of Bioengineering (M.H.C., E.M.L., N.W.C., M.C.W., D.F.P., X.L., C.M.G.), Nephrology (W.L.L.), and Cardiology (Y.L., M.T.C.), University of Washington, Seattle; and Department of Medicine, University of Colorado, Denver - - 2013
Elevated serum phosphate has emerged as a major risk factor for vascular calcification. The sodium-dependent phosphate cotransporter, PiT-1, was previously shown to be required for phosphate-induced osteogenic differentiation and calcification of cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), but its importance in vascular calcification in vivo and the potential role ...
van der Veer Eric - - 2013
Rationale: RNA-binding proteins are critical post-transcriptional regulators of RNA, and can influence pre-mRNA splicing, RNA localization, and stability. The RNA-binding protein Quaking (QKI) is essential for embryonic blood vessel development. However, the role of QKI in the adult vasculature, and in particular in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), is currently ...
Vadivel Arul - - 2013
Rationale: Understanding how alveoli and the underlying capillary network develop and how these mechanisms are disrupted in disease states are critical for developing effective therapies for lung regeneration. Recent evidence suggest that lung angiogenesis promotes lung development and repair. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) preserves lung angiogenesis and alveolarization in ...
Demei Ma - - 2013
To detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-C mRNA expression in surgically resected tissues of 'pathologic N0' (pN0) cervical cancer; to investigate the relevance of VEGF-C mRNA expression to clinicopathological factors, lymph node recurrence and prognosis in early stage cervical cancer. Patients with pN0 cervical cancer who successfully underwent radical hysterectomy ...
Qi Xin-Rui - - 2013
The prefrontal cortex shows structural and functional alterations in mood disorders. Retinoid signaling, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and its receptor TrkB are reported to be involved in depression. Here, we found that mRNA levels of key elements of retinoid signaling were significantly reduced in the postmortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex/anterior cingulate ...
Verbeek Romy E - - 2013
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is known to progress to esophageal adenocarcinoma in a setting of chronic inflammation. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 has been linked to inflammation-associated carcinogenesis. We aimed to determine the expression and functional activity of TLR4 in the esophagus and whether TLR4 activation in BE could promote carcinogenesis by ...
Müller Mareike - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs that function in complex networks to regulate protein expression. In the brain, they are involved in development and synaptic plasticity. In this study, we aimed to identify miRNAs with a differential expression in either hippocampus or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients ...
Wang Xinhua - - 2013
No effective treatments have been found for flap necrosis. Animal models that focus on the initial flap viability are inappropriate for necrotic wound studies. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) promotes keratinocyte proliferation with stronger activity and fewer complications and thus may be useful for necrotic flap wound healing. Rats with modified ...
Baek Keum Jin - - 2013
Gingival fibroblasts (GFs) are an important regulatory cell type in the progression of periodontitis. This study aimed to compare the expression levels of genes associated with inflammation, extracellular matrix degradation and bone destruction in GFs isolated from healthy and periodontitis subjects in the absence and presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis. Primary ...
Lee Youngjeon - - 2013
We reported previously that the intracerebroventricular streptozotocin (icv-STZ)-treated cynomolgus monkey showed regionally specific glucose hypometabolism in FDG-PET imaging, similar to that observed in the early stages of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD). However, further pathological analyses of this model at the molecular level are needed to validate it as a feasible ...
Felisiak-Golabek Anna - - 2013
p19(INK4d) (CDKN2D) is a negative regulator of the cell cycle. Little is known of its role in cancer development and prognosis. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of p19(INK4d) expression in ovarian carcinomas with respect to the TP53 accumulation status, as well as the frequency of CDKN2D mutations. p19(INK4d) ...
Kawakami Masanori - - 2013
Previously, we reported that the overexpression of fer tyrosine kinase (FER), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is correlated with poor postoperative prognosis and cancer-cell survival in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In the present study, we further analyzed FER-overexpressed NSCLC cases and identified various patterns of chimeric mRNAs, composed of paraja ...
Cheng Hui-Teng - - 2013
Cdc42 is a small guanosine-5'-triphosphatase of the Rho family and plays essential roles in the establishment of cellular polarity and tight junctions in epithelial cells. Adenomatous polyposis coli-associated exchange factor (Asef) is a canonical guanine nucleotide exchange factor of Cdc42 and renders Cdc42 to be guanosine-5'-triphosphate bound and activated. The ...
Fusté Montserrat - - 2013
Alterations of transcription factor specificity protein 4 (SP4) and 1 (SP1) have been linked to different neuropsychiatric diseases. Reduced SP4 and SP1 protein levels in the prefrontal cortex have been associated with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, respectively, suggesting that both factors could be involved in the pathogenesis of disorders with ...
Garman Katherine S - - 2013
Current strategies fail to identify most patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) before the disease becomes advanced and incurable. Given the dismal prognosis associated with EAC, improvements in detection of early-stage esophageal neoplasia are needed. We sought to assess whether differential expression of microRNAs could discriminate between squamous epithelium, Barrett's esophagus ...
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