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Seleit Iman I Department of Dermatology, Andrology and STDs, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Menoufiya, - - 2014
The etiopathogenetic mechanisms leading to pigment loss in vitiligo are not fully understood. Notch signaling is required for development and maintenance of melanocyte lineage and acts as a key component among keratinocyte-melanocyte interactions. The current study aimed to investigate the possible role of Notch signaling and its effect on the ...
Cardo Lucía F LF Genética Molecular-Laboratorio de Medicina, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, - - 2014
Mutations in the alpha-synuclein (SNCA) gene cause autosomal dominant Parkinsońs disease (PD). Common SNCA polymorphisms have been associated with the risk of developing PD. Abnormal expression and post-translational modification of SNCA has been found in PD-brains. In addition to a full length transcript (SNCA-140) there are three short isoforms (SNCA-98, ...
Ubagai Tsuneyuki T Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Teikyo University School of Medicine. Tokyo 173-8605, - - 2014
Objective: In the acute stage of infectious diseases such as pneumonia and sepsis, sequelae hypercytokinemia and cytokine storm are often observed simultaneously. During bacterial infections, activated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) cause inflammation and organ dysfunction in severely ill patients. Gene expression of the triggering receptor on myeloid cells (TREM)-1 and G-coupled-protein ...
Ameri Hossein H University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555, United - - 2014
Purpose: Retinal neovascularization is a major cause of vision loss in ischemia-induced retinopathy. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK) and its receptor, Fn14, have been implicated in angiogenesis but their role in retinal diseases is unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the role of ...
Sa-Nguanraksa Doonyapat D Graduate Program in Immunology, Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, - - 2014
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of the key modulators of angiogenesis. The highly polymorphic promoter and 5' untranslated region of VEGF have been associated with susceptibility to and aggressiveness of several types of cancer. To examine the functional role of VEGF polymorphisms at -634 and -1498 positions, VEGF mRNA ...
Souza-Ferreira Paula S PS Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Bioquímica Médica, Programa de Biologia Molecular e Biotecnologia, 21941-902 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, - - 2014
In a previous study, we found that the embryonic cuticle of Rhodnius prolixus is a chitin-based structure that helps the first instar nymph to hatch from the chorion. Here, we investigated how the reduction of transcripts induced by CHS dsRNA injection affects R. prolixus embryogenesis and eclosion. Deposition of chitin in ...
Das M M Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2014
OBJECTIVES:We assessed the effect of cholecalciferol and calcium supplementation on mRNA expression of cathelicidin (LL-37), Th1 and Th2 cytokines and their transcription factors in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in healthy females with vitamin D deficiency (VDD).SUBJECTS/METHODS:Subjects included 131 females with biochemical VDD randomized to receive (a) oral cholecalciferol ...
Okamoto Takayuki T Department of Pediatrics, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Recent study suggests that activation of parietal epithelial cells (PECs) contributes to pathogenesis of glomerulosclerosis and the activation marker CD44 increases in evolving glomerulosclerosis. Here we examined the pathogenic roles of CD44+ epithelial cells in mouse adriamycin nephropathy (ADRN), a representative rodent model for idiopathic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). ...
Xia Xianyin X Department of Dentistry, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, - - 2014
Astrocyte elevated gene 1 (AEG-1) expression is up-regulated in various human cancers and plays an important role in tumorigenesis and progression. The aim of this study was to explore AEG-1 expression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to assess whether it is associated with microvessel density (MVD), metastasis, and ...
Farazi Thalia A - - 2014
Various microRNAs (miRNAs) are up- or downregulated in tumors. However, the repression of cognate miRNA targets responsible for the phenotypic effects of this dysregulation in patients remains largely unexplored. To define miRNA targets and associated pathways, together with their relationship to outcome in breast cancer, we integrated patient-paired miRNA-mRNA expression ...
Zhang Xiao-Mei XM Department of Hematology, Shandong provincial Hospital affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, - - 2014
The T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-(Tim)-1 molecule and Tim-3 are mainly expressed on activated T helper (Th) 2 and Th1 cells, respectively, and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of some autoimmune diseases. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a common autoimmune disorder, and the complex dysregulation of cellular immunity has been ...
Sechman Andrzej A Department of Animal Physiology and Endocrinology. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate the in vitro effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on steroid hormone secretion by chicken ovarian follicles and mRNA expression of genes involved in steroids synthesis. In the first in vitro experiment, white (WF) and yellowish (YF) follicles and fragments of the theca (TL) ...
He H H College of Animal Science and Technology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an 625014, Sichuan, - - 2014
Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), an indole hormone, regulates a variety of important central and peripheral actions related to circadian rhythms and reproduction through its specific receptor subtypes (Mel-1a, Mel-1b and Mel-1c). However, the expression profile of melatonin receptor genes (MTNR1A, MTNR1B and MTNR1C) in ovarian hierarchical follicles of geese remains to be ...
Wang Xiao X Center for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University/Region Skåne, - - 2014
Recent reports suggest that immigrants from Middle Eastern countries are a high-risk group for type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with Swedes, and that the pathogenesis of T2D may be ethnicity-specific. Deregulation of microRNA (miRNA) expression has been demonstrated to be associated with T2D but ethnic differences in miRNA have not ...
Luo Y Y Department of Dermatology, Hunan Children's Hospital, Changsha, Hunan, - - 2014
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) plays an important role in promoting T-cell homeostasis, and appears to be a central player in the development of allergic symptoms, especially in asthma and atopic dermatitis (AD). Human TSLP is overexpressed in keratinocytes of patients with acute and chronic AD. However, the mechanism of TSLP ...
Choi Jae-Suk JS RIS Center, IACF, Silla - - 2014
The potential hair growth-promoting activity of rice bran supercritical CO2 extract (RB-SCE) and major components of RB-SCE, linoleic acid, policosanol, γ-oryzanol, and γ-tocotrienol, were evaluated with the histological morphology and mRNA expression levels of cell growth factors using real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in C57BL/6 mice. RB-SCE showed hair ...
Fischer Boris B Institute of Developmental Biology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
p63 is a multi-isoform member of the p53 family of transcription factors. There is compelling genetic evidence that ΔNp63 isoforms are needed for keratinocyte proliferation and stemness in the developing vertebrate epidermis. However, the role of TAp63 isoforms is not fully understood, and TAp63 knockout mice display normal epidermal development. ...
Masood Kiran Iqbal KI The Aga Khan University, P.O. Box 3500, Stadium Road, Karachi 74800, Pakistan. - - 2014
Expression of Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)-1 molecules is increased in patients with tuberculosis (TB). Early Secreted Antigen Target (ESAT)-6 kDa - induced IFN-γ responses indicate Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The effect of ESAT6- stimulation on SOCS1 in the host is not known. Healthy asymptomatic controls had a negative (n = ...
He Yi Y Department of Haematology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510630, - - 2014
Partial tandem duplication of mixed lineage leukaemia (MLL-PTD) is detected both in patients with acute leukemia and in healthy people. However, MLL-PTD in relatives of patients with MLL-PTD has not been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate the expression of MLL-PTD in patients with acute leukemia and ...
Smith Siobhán S Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin, - - 2014
To examine the role of 17β-estradiol in the regulation of the autoantigen tripartite motif-containing protein 21 (TRIM-21) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Monocytes isolated from healthy control subjects and patients with SLE were stimulated with 17β-estradiol and/or the estrogen receptor α (ERα) antagonist methyl-piperidino-pyrazole dihydrochloride. TRIM-21, ERα, and ...
Zhu Dongxing D The Roslin Institute and Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, The University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush, Roslin, Midlothian, EH25 9RG Scotland, UK Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, Sanford Children's Health Research Center, La Jolla, California 92037, - - 2014
The process of vascular calcification shares many similarities with that of skeletal mineralisation and involves the deposition of hydroxyapatite crystals in arteries and cardiac valves. However, the cellular mechanisms responsible have yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we employed microarray analysis to demonstrate the upregulation of more than ...
Koh Young Wha YW Department of Pathology, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, South - - 2014
Recent studies have reported the prognostic value of tissue-associated magrophages (TAMs) in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). In addition, TAMs are implicated in the tumor angiogenesis. In this study, we examined the prognostic relevance of TAMs in relation to vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression and angiogenesis in uniformly treated cases ...
Yu Xiu-Wen XW Tumor Etiology and Screening Department of Cancer Institute and General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, and Key Laboratory of Cancer Etiology and Prevention (China Medical University), Liaoning Provincial Education Department, Shenyang, China E-mail : - - 2014
Objective: To determine the expression of E-cadherin, β-catenin, and transcription factor 4 (TCF4) proteins in gastric diseases with relation to Helicobacter pylori infection. Methods: A total of 309 patients including 60 with superficial gastritis (SG), 57 with atrophic gastritis (AG) and 192 with gastric cancer (GC), were enrolled. The expression ...
Bodnar Lubomir L Department of Oncology, Military Institute of Medicine in Warsaw, 128 Szaserów Street, 04-141 Warsaw, Poland. - - 2014
β-catenin is the key protein in the WNT signalling pathway and it forms adherent junctions together with E-cadherin. In ovarian carcinoma, abnormal expression of β-catenin, E-cadherin and WNT-1 was observed, but their prognostic and predictive role is unclear. The aim of this study was to clarify the prognostic and predictive ...
Wójcik Marzena M - - 2014
An increasing body of evidence has linked diabetes to inflammation. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase delta (PI3-K delta), a member of the PI3K class IA family, has been implicated in the regulation of inflammation since it is predominantly expressed in leukocytes. To date, no information has been available on the relationship of ...
Wan Zhong-Yuan ZY Department of Orthopaedics, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University Xi'an, Shaanxi, P. R. - - 2014
Interleukin 37 (IL-37) is an anti-inflammatory cytokine which was proven to be associated with several diseases characterized with excessive-inflammation. The pathologic process of Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is also companied by uncurbed inflammation, many cytokines were reported presenting in the process. However, there is little IL-37 related knowledge in IVDD ...
Ding Zhong-Yang ZY Department of General Surgery, Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated by Nanjing Medical University No. 299, Qingyang Road, Wuxi 214023, - - 2014
The cell division cycle 20 homolog (CDC20) expression is increased in diverse human cancers and plays a vital role in tumorigenesis and progression. However, the clinical significance of CDC20 expression in gastric cancer (GC) remains largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognostic ...
Zhang Yukun Y Department of Orthopedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, - - 2014
Osteoarthritis is a common cause of functional deterioration in older adults and is an immense burden on the aging population. Altered chondrogenesis is the most important pathophysiological process involved in the development of osteoarthritis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of chondrogenesis in patients with osteoarthritis requires further elucidation, ...
Yu Ting T Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Zhongda Hospital of Southeast - - 2014
There is an association between sedentary behavior and the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the underlying mechanism is unclear. CRC is characterized by the changes in the expression levels of biomarkers, including voltage-gated proton channel Hv1, matrix-remodeling associated 5 (MXRA5), DEK (inducing positive supercoils into circular DNA) and protein ...
Wu Ju-Gang JG 1st Department of General Surgery, Shanghai 3rd People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao-Tong University, No. 280 Mohe Road, Shanghai 201900, - - 2014
Background. Significances of CD133 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of gastric adenocarcinoma (GC) patients were investigated. Methods. Correlations of CD133 mRNA expression in PBMCs on clinicopathological parameters or CD133 protein expression were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curve according to bright scale value (BSV) of CD133 mRNA was used ...
Ge Wei - - 2014
Recent studies showed that serum microRNAs were aberrantly expressed in cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Serum microRNA (miRNA) profiles in HCC have been filtered in our previous studies. In this research, some serum miRNAs were further validated and their clinical significances were analyzed. Sera from 90 HCC patients, the subjects, ...
Rossi Ana Flávia Teixeira AF Department of Biology, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Câmpus São José do Rio Preto, Rua Cristóvão Colombo 2265, 15054-000 São José do Rio Preto, SP, - - 2014
Objective. Annexin-A1 (ANXA1/AnxA1) and galectin-1 (LGALS1/Gal-1) are mediators that play an important role in the inflammatory response and are also associated with carcinogenesis. We investigated mRNA and protein expression in precancerous gastric lesions that participate in the progression cascade to gastric cancer, such as intestinal metaplasia (IM) and gastric ulcer ...
Tan Cheng C Department of Urology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, - - 2014
To investigate the relationship between gender differences in fatty acid-binding protein7 (FABP7) and BRN2 (POU class 3 homeobox 2) expression in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the prognosis of patients with RCC. immunohistochemical (IHC) staining as well as reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was performed in renal tissues from 103 ...
Bergamini Alberto A Rheumatology, Allergology and Clinical Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Unit of Rheumatology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, - - 2014
The immunoglobulin-like transcript-4 (ILT4) is an inhibitory receptor that modulates the activity of innate immune agents. We determined the expression of ILT4 and analysed the relationship with the expression of costimulatory proteins and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) production in monocytes from patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) starting anti-TNF treatment. Peripheral ...
Rutar Matt M The John Curtin School of Medical Research, The Australian National University (ANU), Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, - - 2014
Complement activation is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), which may be mediated in part by para-inflammatory processes. We aimed to investigate the expression and localization of C3, a crucial component of the complement system, in the retina during the course of aging. SD rats ...
Dijkstra Akkelies E AE University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Pulmonology, Groningen, the Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, GRIAC research institute, Groningen, the - - 2014
Chronic mucus hypersecretion (CMH) is associated with an increased frequency of respiratory infections, excess lung function decline, and increased hospitalisation and mortality rates in the general population. It is associated with smoking, but it is unknown why only a minority of smokers develops CMH. A plausible explanation for this phenomenon ...
Popławska-Kita Anna A Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Bialystok, Sklodowskiej-Curie 24A, 15-276 Bialystok, - - 2014
Aim. The aim of the study was to compare the expression of sodium iodide symporter (NIS), thyroglobulin (Tg), tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), and interleukin-1 β genes in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and healthy individuals. Subjects and Methods. Thyroid cells were obtained from 39 patients with HT ...
Milkiewicz Malgorzata M Medical Biology Laboratory, Pomeranian Medical University, Aleja Powstancow Wlkp. 72, 70-111 Szczecin, - - 2014
Background. Enhanced expression of cell cycle inhibitor p27(kip1) suppresses cell proliferation. Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) delays progression of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) but its effect on p27(kip1) expression is uncertain. Aims. To analyze the expression of p27(kip1) and its transcription modulator FoxO1 in patients with PBC, and to assess the impact ...
Zhu Huaqun H Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital, 11 Xizhimen South Street, Beijing 100044, - - 2014
Objective. To investigate the expression and clinical significance of trans-membrane MerTK (mMer) on circulating CD14+ monocytes/macrophages and soluble MerTK (sMer) levels in plasma in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Method. 108 SLE patients and 42 healthy controls were recruited in this study. The expression of mMer on the surfaces of CD14+ ...
Tian Chen C Department of Medical Genetics, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, China; Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Nanjing, - - 2014
Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an autosomal dominant disease. The classical paradigm of mutation screening seeks to relate alterations in the exostosin glycosyltransferase genes, EXT1 and EXT2, which are responsible for over 70% of HME cases. However, the pathological significance of the majority of these mutations is often unclear. In ...
Feng Jing J Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, UPR2357 CNRS, Université de Strasbourg Strasbourg, - - 2014
Polyubiquitin chain deposition on a target protein frequently leads to proteasome-mediated degradation whereas monoubiquitination modifies target protein property and function independent of proteolysis. Histone monoubiquitination occurs in chromatin and is in nowadays recognized as one critical type of epigenetic marks in eukaryotes. While H2A monoubiquitination (H2Aub1) is generally associated with ...
Park Young-Ok YO Department of Public Health, Graduate School, Keimyung University, Daegu, - - 2013
This study was carried out to examine the action mechanism of Chamaecyparis obtusa oil (CO) on hair growth in C57BL/6 mice. For alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) activities in the skin tissue, at week 4, the 3% minoxidil (MXD) and 3% CO treatment groups showed an ALP activity ...
Meng Fanyin F Research, Central Texas Veteran's Health Care System, Temple, Texas; Scott and White Digestive Disease Research Center, Scott and White Healthcare, Temple, Texas; Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center, Temple, - - 2013
Histamine is formed by the conversion of l-histidine into histamine by histidine decarboxylase (HDC). We have previously shown that inhibition of HDC blocks cholangiocyte proliferation and silencing of HDC decreases vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. We hypothesized that increased HDC expression during cholestatic liver injury is mediated by the ...
Thomas Alvin G AG Department of Cell & Developmental Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 601 S. Goodwin Ave., Urbana, IL 61801. Electronic address: - - 2013
Xenopus laevis is among the few species that are capable of fully regenerating a lost lens de novo. This occurs upon removal of the lens, when secreted factors from the retina are permitted to reach the cornea epithelium and trigger it to form a new lens. Although many studies have ...
Friedmacher Florian F National Children's Research Centre, Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin, Dublin 12, - - 2013
Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH), characterized by alveolar immaturity, remains the main cause of neonatal mortality and long-term morbidity in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). Lipid-containing interstitial fibroblasts (LIFs) are critically important for normal alveolar development. Thymocyte antigen 1 (Thy-1) is a highly expressed cell-surface protein in this specific subset of ...
Pennacchi Y Y National Centre for Marine Conservation and Resource Sustainability, Australian Maritime College, University of Tasmania, Launceston, - - 2013
Amoebic gill disease (AGD) is a disease caused by the ectoparasite Neoparamoeba perurans which affects several cultured marine fish worldwide. The characterisation of pro-inflammatory and immune related genes at the mRNA level in AGD-affected Atlantic salmon gills was performed at 10 days post-inoculation using 2D quantitative RT-PCR, a method of ...
Buelli Simona S IRCCS-Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri," Centro Anna Maria Astori, Bergamo, - - 2013
Activation of endothelin-A receptor (ETAR) by endothelin-1 (ET-1) drives epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in ovarian tumor cells through β-arrestin signaling. Here, we investigated whether this pathogenetic pathway could affect podocyte phenotype in proliferative glomerular disorders. In cultured mouse podocytes, ET-1 caused loss of the podocyte differentiation marker synaptopodin and acquisition of the ...
Vijayakumar Soundarapandian S 1University of Rochester Medic - - 2013
Basement membrane abnormalities have often been observed in the kidney cysts of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patients and animal models. There is abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix molecules, including laminin-α3,β3,γ2 (laminin-332), in human autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD). Knockdown of PKD1 paralogs in zebrafish leads to dysregulated synthesis of the extracellular ...
Wang Jinyang J 1capital medical - - 2013
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most important diabetic microangiopathies. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in DN. The physiological role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) was closely linked to EMT. However, it remained elusive whether Tongxinluo (TXL) ameliorated renal structure and function by regulating miR-21-Induced EMT in ...
Mozzini Chiara C Department of Medicine, Section of Internal Medicine, University of Verona 10, Piazzale L.A. Scuro 37134 Verona, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis. Insults interfering with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) function, lead to accumulation of unfolded and misfolded proteins in ER that initiates the unfolded protein response (UPR). When the UPR fails to control the level of unfolded and misfolded proteins, ER-initiated apoptotic ...
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