Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 3118
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Pannone G - - 2013
Background: The prognosis of the oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients remains very poor, mainly due to their high propensity to invade and metastasize. E-cadherin reduced expression occurs in the primary step of oral tumour progression and gene methylation is a mode by which the expression of this protein is ...
Yang Bing - - 2013
SIRT3 is a NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylaseand plays a critical role in various human carcinomas. However, its precise role in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) is still unclear. Western blot and Real-Time PCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA level of SIRT3 in freshly collected samples from GC ...
Wang L L Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, - - 2014
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are hypothesized to degrade structurally important components of the laminar extracellular matrix (ECM) in horses with laminitis. To compare levels of expression of stromelysin-1 (MMP-3), collagenases (MMP-1, -13), and membrane type-MMPs (MMP-14, -15, -16), and the distribution of their ECM substrates, in laminae of healthy horses and ...
Semkova Irina - - 2013
In patients with age-related macular degeneration disruption of the integrity of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and Bruch's membrane (BrM), precedes choroidal neovascularization (CNV). We investigated the role of the basement membrane (BM) proteins nidogen-1 and nidogen-2 for the development of experimental CNV. Laser-induced CNV was studied in Nid1(-/-) and ...
Rizzieri David - - 2013
ABSTRACT Elacytarabine is the elaidic acid ester derivative of cytarabine, designed to overcome the shortcomings of cytarabine. Resistance to cytarabine has been associated with decreased expression of the human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) and unlike cytarabine, elacytarabine has been shown to be independent of hENT1 to enter blasts. This ...
Reemann Paula - - 2013
Immune regulation of the skin plays an important role in susceptibility and development of illnesses. The aim of our study was to localise the interleukin (IL)-10 family of cytokines, in children's skin and to determine possible age-related differences in the expression level. The mRNA expression level of IL10, IL19, IL20, ...
Liu Fang - - 2013
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common liver disease, characterized by the excess accumulation of lipids in the liver. It has been demonstrated that the dysregulation of lipid droplet (LD)-associated proteins may be involved in the development of NAFLD. Adipose differentiation-related protein (ADRP), as one of the major LD-associated ...
Xiong Jing - - 2013
Podocytes are highly differentiated glomerular epithelial cells that contribute to the glomerular barrier function of kidney. A role for autophagy has been proposed in maintenance of their cellular integrity, but the mechanisms controlling autophagy in podocytes are not clear. The present study tested whether CD38-mediated regulation of lysosome function contributes ...
Chong Benjamin F - - 2013
B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF) promotes the maturation and survival of B cells. Because BAFF levels are elevated in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients, BAFF has been the target of emerging therapies for SLE, such as belimumab. Levels of BAFF and its receptors in discoid lupus erythematosus ...
Balada Eva - - 2013
We determined the expression of Integrin alpha L chain (ITGAL), Perforin 1 (PRF1), and CD70 and studied the associations with laboratory and clinical parameters. CD4+ T cells were isolated from 35 SLE patients and 30 healthy controls. The transcript levels of ITGAL, PRF1, and CD70 were quantified by real-time reverse-transcription ...
Michel Olivier - - 2013
The acute inhalation of endotoxin mimicks several aspects of the inflammation related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the current study was to identify and to validate biomarkers of endotoxin-induced airways' inflammation. The cellular count in the induced-sputum, was measured before and after an inhalation of 20 ...
Zhang Kai - - 2013
Histological, immunohistochemical, and ELISA analysis of the human ligamentum flavum (LF). The purpose of this study was to determine the level of expression of LPA in the LF from LSS patients and to analyze the relationship among LPA, LPA receptors (LPARs) and LF hypertrophy. Ligamentum flavum (LF) hypertrophy and fibrosis ...
Si May Khin - - 2013
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe form of lung injury that frequently occurs during pneumonia and sepsis. Lung inflammation in ARDS patients may have deleterious effects on remote organs such as the kidney. The nuclear enzyme poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enhances the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB-dependent transcription of inflammatory ...
Winter Mircea M Max F. Perutz Laboratories, Department of Medical Biochemistry, Vienna Biocenter, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
The histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2 remove acetyl moieties from lysine residues of histones and other proteins and are important regulators of gene expression. By deleting different combinations of Hdac1 and Hdac2 alleles in the epidermis, we reveal a dosage-dependent effect of HDAC1/HDAC2 activity on epidermal proliferation and differentiation. Conditional ...
García Isabel Mercedes - - 2013
Previous hypertension studies have shown that low levels of vitamin D are linked to elevated renin-angiotensin system. The heat shock protein 70 regulates signaling pathways for cellular oxidative stress responses. Hsp70 has been shown to protect against angiotensin II-induced hypertension and exert a cytoprotective effect. Here, we wanted to evaluate ...
Kandyba Eve - - 2013
The hair follicle (HF) is an exceptional mini-organ to study the mechanisms which regulate HF morphogenesis, cycling, hair follicle stem cell (hfSCs) homeostasis and progeny differentiation. During morphogenesis, Wnt signaling is well characterized in the initiation of HF patterning but less is known about which particular Wnt ligands are required ...
Helminen Olli - - 2013
Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) is an immune receptor, which recognizes bacterial flagellin. Increased expression has been reported in various premalignant and malignant lesions indicating a role in carcinogenesis. We assessed the expression of TLR5 in normal esophageal squamous epithelium, Barrett's esophagus with and without dysplasia, and in esophageal adenocarcinoma. Specimens ...
Xiang Nan - - 2013
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease with complex genetic predisposing factors involved. Ets-1 transcription factor plays an important role in the suppressive activity of CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells and stable expression of FOXP3. To find its potential role in the pathogenesis of SLE, we investigate the mRNA expression ...
van Wamelen Daniel J - - 2013
In Huntington disease (HD), hypothalamic neuropeptidergic systems are not equally affected at the peptide and mRNA levels. Because prohormone convertases (PCs) are critically involved in the conversion of propeptides into their active forms, we postulated that a decrease in PC expression may underlie these discrepancies. Therefore, we assessed the expression ...
Hu Lizhi - - 2013
The active metabolite of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), suppresses the proliferation while promoting the differentiation of keratinocytes through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). β-catenin, on the other hand, promotes proliferation and blocks epidermal differentiation, although it stimulates hair follicle differentiation. In intestinal epithelia VDR binds β-catenin and blocks its ...
Kurz Tino - - 2013
A myelopoiesis gene signature in circulating leucocytes, exemplified by increased myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3 (PR3) mRNA levels, has been reported in patients with active anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody associated vasculitis (AAV) and to a lesser extent during remission. We hypothesized that this signature could predict disease relapse. mRNA levels of ...
Zhan Jun-Kun JK Department of Geriatrics, Second Xiangya Hospital, Institute of Aging and Geriatrics, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, P.R. - - 2013
Vascular calcification is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Osteoblastic differentiation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a key step in vascular calcification, but the molecular mechanisms driving the differentiation remain elusive. In this study, the involvement of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling in osteoblastic differentiation of ...
Verma Ravi - - 2013
Background: Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract involving aberrant activation of innate and adaptive immune responses. We aimed to study the expression profiles of the susceptibility gene Nod1 and selected pro- and anti- inflammatory cytokines during different stages of UC. Methods: 65 patients with ...
McGarvey Lorcan P - - 2013
The airway epithelium is exposed to a range of physical and chemical irritants in the environment that are known to trigger asthma. Transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels play a central role in sensory responses to noxious physical and chemical stimuli. Recent genetic evidence suggests an involvement of transient receptor ...
Gately Kathy - - 2013
Recent experimental and biomarker evidence indicates that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 (IGF1R) interact in the pathogenesis of malignant epithelial tumors, including lung cancer. This study examines the expression of both receptors and their prognostic significance in surgically resected non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). ...
Yun Jin - - 2013
Whole human genome oligo microarrays were employed to systematically investigate the differential expression characteristics of associated mRNAs, which were found in the signal transduction pathway of β2 integrins in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) between patients with symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) and controls. A total of 20 cases of PE patients ...
Kataki Agapi - - 2013
The expression profiles of 14-3-3β and θ isoforms, known to exert both oncogenic and antiapoptotic effects, were assessed in different entities of nasal pathophysiology. Flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry were used on paraffin-embedded sections of 51 inverted papillomas (IP), 26 nasal polyps (NP), 9 polyps with IP (NPIP) and 10 specimens ...
Sun Rongbin R Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, P.R. China ; Department of Orthopedics, The Second People's Hospital of Changzhou, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213003, P.R. - - 2014
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of joint disease in middle-aged individuals and the elderly. Previous studies have shown that the overexpression of matrix-degrading proteinases and proinflammatory cytokines is associated with the degradation of osteoarthritic cartilage. However, the transcription factors involved remain unclear. The present study aimed to determine ...
Feng Wenguang W Division of - - 2014
Hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the preferred type of vascular access for hemodialysis but has high rates of dysfunction, in part because of excessive neointima formation. The transcription factor E26 transformation-specific sequence-1 (ETS-1) is a mediator of proinflammatory ...
Patel Jay L JL Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Calgary and Calgary Laboratory Services, Calgary, AB, - - 2014
LMO2 is a transcription factor that plays a key role in haematopoiesis. Expression of LMO2 has been demonstrated in germinal centre B cells, various B cell lymphomas and T lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukaemia (T-ALL), but has not been studied extensively in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). We studied LMO2 expression by immunohistochemistry in ...
Wang Lin-Lin LL Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, P.R. - - 2014
The ectoenzyme CD39 hydrolyzes extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), which possesses pro-inflammatory properties. However, the role of CD39 in allergic asthma has not been fully elucidated. A total of 18 patients with persistent asthma who were allergic to house dust mites and 19 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. The ...
Kalbasianaraki Parnian - - 2013
Vascular calcification is a severe consequence of several pathological processes with a lack of effective therapy. Recent studies suggest that circulating and resident mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) contribute to the osteogenic program of vascular calcification. Molecular mechanisms underlying MSC osteogenic potential and differentiation remain, however, sparsely explored. We investigated a ...
Kanyenda Limbikani J - - 2013
The CD147 protein is a ubiquitous multifunctional membrane receptor. Expression of CD147, which is regulated by sterol carrier protein, reportedly modulates amyloid-β (Aβ), the neurotoxic peptide implicated in neuronal degeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Given that high fat/cholesterol is linked to amyloid deposition in AD, we investigated if cholesterol and/or ...
Samara Stavroula - - 2013
Femoral head avascular necrosis (AVN) is a recalcitrant disease of the hip that leads to joint destruction. Osteoprotegerin (OPG), Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor kappa-B (RANK) and RANK ligand (RANKL) regulate the balance between osteoclasts-osteoblasts. The expression of these genes affects the maturation and function of osteoblasts-osteoclasts and bone remodeling. ...
Rostami Elham - - 2013
The evidence that BDNF is involved in neuroprotection, neuronal repair and recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is substantial. We have previously shown that the polymorphism of the human BDNF gene predicts cognitive recovery and outcome following penetrating TBI. The distribution of expression of BDNF and its receptors after penetrating ...
Zhao Zhong-Hai - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression profile and prognostic significance of uncoordinated 5 homolog 4 (UNC5H4) in patients with lung cancer and to evaluate whether UNC5H4 expression may serve as an index for radiosensitivity. UNC5H4 and p53 expression levels were detected by immunohistochemistry, apoptosis was ...
Sheng Wei - - 2013
NKX2-5, GATA4 and HAND1 are essential for heart development, however, little is known regarding their epigenetic regulation in the pathogenesis of tetralogy of fallot (TOF). Methylation levels were measured in three regions of NKX2-5 (M1: -1596 bp ~ -1374 bp, M2: -159 bp ~ 217 bp and M3: 1058 bp ...
Cheishvili David - - 2013
Familial dysautonomia is a neurodegenerative, genetic disorder caused by an autosomal recessive mutation in the IKBKAP gene, which encodes the IkB kinase complex-associated protein. Familial dysautonomia patients have recurrent crises characterized by bouts of nausea, vomiting, hypertension, tachycardia, sweating, blotching and personality changes. The dysautonomia crisis is usually triggered by ...
Braicu C - - 2013
Background: The expression of serum angiogenic factors hasbeen associated with tumor dissemination and poor prognosisin multiple cancer types. However, it is still unclear whetherthese angiogenic molecules can be used as an independentmolecular marker or in correlation with other parameters forpredicting the prognosis of colorectal carcinoma (CRC)patients.Methods: Protein expression was evaluated ...
Choi Jae-Suk JS RIS Center, IACF Silla University, Busan 617-736, Republic of Korea (J.-S.C., I.S.C.), Department of Dermatology, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan 425-701, Republic of Korea (S.K.J., Y.-H.J., S.W.S.), Department of R&D, Ecomine Co., Ltd, Busan 608-736, Republic of Korea (M.-H.J., J.-N.M., W.-S.M.), Department of Biological Science, Silla University, Busan 617-736, Republic of Korea - - 2013
To evaluate the potential hair growth-promoting activity and the expression of cell growth factors of Lycopersicon esculentum extracts, each 3% (w/w) of ethyl acetate extract (EAE), and supercritical CO2 extract (SCE) of L. esculentum and isolated lycopene Tween 80 solution (LTS) and test hair tonic (THT) containing LTS were applied ...
Atmaca Akin - - 2013
The prognostic role of estrogen receptors in lung cancer is not validated. Results from patients with early stage non-small lung cancer patients indicate a prognostic role of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) mRNA expression in these patients. Automated RNA extraction from paraffin and RT-quantitative PCR was used for evaluation of tumoral ...
Maj Joanna J Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, - - 2013
Data about genetic alterations in mycosis fungoides (MF) are limited and their significance not fully elucidated. The aim of the study was to explore the expression of various oncogenes in MF and to assess their influence on the disease course. Skin biopsies from 27 MF patients (14 with early MF ...
Li Yadi - - 2013
Considerable studies showed that tumor suppressor phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) deleted on chromosome 10 is a major tumor suppressor, which inhibits cell proliferation through inactivation of the PI3 kinase (PI3K)/Akt signal pathway. In many human tumors, there is loss of function or mutations in PTEN. In our previous study, ...
Belzil Veronique V - - 2013
Individuals carrying (GGGGCC) expanded repeats in the C9orf72 gene represent a significant portion of patients suffering from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Elucidating how these expanded repeats cause "c9FTD/ALS" has since become an important goal of the field. Toward this end, we sought to investigate whether epigenetic ...
Thumburu Kiran K - - 2013
In vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that reduced astrocytic uptake of neuronally released glutamate, alterations in expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) contribute to brain edema in acute liver failure (ALF). However, there is no evidence to date to suggest that these alterations occur ...
Lu J - - 2013
Background:We previously showed that inhibitor of growth family member 4 (ING4) inhibits melanoma angiogenesis, and JWA suppresses the metastasis of melanoma cells. As angiogenesis is essential for tumour metastasis, further investigation of the function of ING4 and JWA in melanoma angiogenesis is needed, and their prognostic value are of great ...
Mattii Martina - - 2013
The interleukin (IL)-1 family includes 11 members that are important in inflammatory processes. It includes various agonists and two antagonists, IL-1Ra and IL-36Ra. Our aim was to investigate whether the IL-1 family is involved in allergic contact dermatitis (ACD). The expression of IL-1 family members was evaluated by PCR and ...
Kortenoeven Marleen L A - - 2013
Binding of vasopressin to its type-2 receptor in renal collecting ducts induces cAMP signaling, transcription and translocation of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channels to the plasma membrane and water reabsorption from the pro-urine. Demeclocycline is currently used to treat hyponatremia in patients with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). ...
Richards Jacob J 1600 SW Archer Rd., Box 100224, Gainesville, FL 32610. - - 2013
The circadian clock plays an important role in the regulation of physiological processes, including renal function and blood pressure. We have previously shown that the circadian protein period (Per)1 regulates the expression of multiple Na(+) transport genes in the collecting duct, including the α-subunit of the renal epithelial Na(+) channel. ...
Peng Jing - - 2013
Ubiquitination is a reversible process of posttranslational protein modification through the action of the family of deubiquitylating enzymes which contain ubiquitin-specific protease 9x (USP9X). Recent evidence indicates that USP9X is involved in the progression of various human cancers. The aim was to detect the expression of USP9X in the progression ...
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