Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1779
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Li Qing-Ping - - 2007
Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor that mediates vitamin D(3)-induced gene expression. Our previous work has established that stress MAPK signaling stimulates VDR expression (Qi, X., Pramank, R., Wang, J., Schultz, R. M., Maitra, R. K., Han, J., DeLuca, H. F., and Chen, G. (2002) J. Biol. ...
Adiseshaiah Pavan - - 2006
Among the several effectors that mediate TNF-alpha action is AP-1, which consists of transcription factors belonging to the JUN and FOS families. Although the effects of TNF-alpha in immune cells, such as the induction of NF-kappaBeta, are well known, the mechanisms by which it induces transcriptional activation of AP-1 in ...
Xia Yan Y Department of Neuro-Oncology, Unit 1002, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Houston, TX 77030, - - 2007
c-Jun, a major transcription factor in the activating protein 1 family of regulatory proteins, is activated by many physiologic and pathological stimuli. We show here that c-Jun was downregulated in response to osmotic stress via ubiquitination-dependent degradation by the PHD/RING finger domain of MEKK1, which exhibited E3 ubiquitin ligase activity ...
Guo Lili - - 2007
Endogenous CCK release induced by a synthetic trypsin inhibitor, camostat, stimulates pancreatic growth; however, the mechanisms mediating this growth are not well established. Early response genes often couple short-term signals with long-term responses. To study their participation in the pancreatic growth response, mice were fasted for 18 h and refed ...
Zhong Shuping S Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern California, 2011 Zonal Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2007
Emerging evidence supports the idea that the c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) possess overlapping but distinct functions. The potential roles of the ubiquitously expressed JNK1 and JNK2 in regulating expression of the central transcription initiation factor, TATA-binding protein (TBP), were examined. Relative to wild-type fibroblasts, TBP was decreased in Jnk1(-/-) cells ...
Duan Lingling - - 2007
c-Jun is a major component of the AP-1 transcription factor and plays a key role in regulation of diverse biological processes including proliferation and apoptosis. Treatment of a wide variety of cells with the microtubule inhibitor vinblastine leads to a robust increase in c-Jun expression, JNK-mediated c-Jun phosphorylation, and activation ...
Zhang Fengrui - - 2006
A human Aph2 gene (hAph2) was identified and cloned from a human placenta cDNA library. Bioinformatics analysis revealed hAPH2 protein shares 96% identity with mouse APH2 and contains a zf-DHHC domain (148-210aa), which is always involved in protein-protein or protein-DNA interaction. Differential expression patterns of hAph2 mRNA were observed in ...
Valastro B - - 2007
In this study, we have used 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned rats to examine changes in striatal junD and fosB/deltafosB expression induced by acute and chronic treatment with L-DOPA (5 and 15 days). Changes at the protein levels were studied using Western immunoblotting while mRNA changes were compared using in situ hybridization histochemistry. We ...
Kinoshita Atsushi - - 2006
PURPOSE: Regulation of gene expression after gene introduction is a problematic aspect of gene therapy. Transcription regulates gene-specific transcriptional factors, which bind to regulatory regions in the promoter. The cytomegalovirus long terminal repeat (CMV-LTR) has a TPA response element (TRE) as a binding site for activator protein 1 (AP-1), which ...
Jia Guanghong - - 2006
A balance between programmed cell death and survival of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) in the fibrous cap, which is primarily composed of VSMC and extracellular matrix, appears to best correlate with plaque instability or stability and is controlled by growth factors and cytokines. Autophagy is also involved in programmed ...
Chalmers Claire J - - 2007
The duration of ERK1/2 activation influences the nature of the biological response to agonist. Members of the AP-1 transcription factor family are well known targets of the ERK1/2 pathway and are expressed in a temporally coordinated fashion during cell cycle re-entry. In CCl39 fibroblasts, sustained ERK1/2 activation is required for ...
Yogev Orli - - 2006
The drug hydroxyurea (HU) is used for cancer therapy and treatment of sickle cell anemia. It inhibits cell cycle progression by blocking DNA synthesis and drives cells to undergo apoptosis or enter senescence. We demonstrate here that HU induces the expression of two AP-1 proteins, c-Jun and JunB, which exert ...
Spruill Laura S - - 2006
Hypertrophic growth of adult myocardium is associated with increased expression of the early response gene c-jun. The purpose of this study was to determine whether eukaryotic initiation factor (elF) 4E (eIF4E) regulates translational efficiency of c-jun mRNA as measured by flux into polysomes. Adult feline cardiomyocytes in primary culture were ...
Weber Waylon M - - 2006
The activator protein-1 (AP-1) family of transcription factors, including the most common member c-Jun-c-Fos, participates in regulation of expression of numerous genes involved in proliferation, apoptosis, and tumorigenesis in response to a wide array of stimuli including pro-inflammatory cytokines, growth factors, stress, and tumor promoters. A number of plant polyphenols ...
Stepniak Ewa - - 2006
The AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun is a key regulator of hepatocyte proliferation. Mice lacking c-Jun in the liver (c-jun (Deltali*)) display impaired liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PH). This phenotype correlates with increased protein levels of the cdk-inhibitor p21 in the liver. We performed PH experiments in several double-knockout mouse ...
Gurney, Austin Louis
The goal of the research contained within this thesis has been to identify features of the organization of the PEPCK promoter which enable the appropriate expression of the PEPCK gene. Initial research efforts focused on an examination of the functional significance of the single base difference between the sequence of ...
Liu Guangming - - 2006
Because increased transforming growth factor-beta (TGFbeta) production by tumor cells contributes to cancer progression through paracrine mechanisms, identification of critical points that can be targeted to block TGFbeta production is important. Previous studies have identified the precise signaling components and promoter elements required for TGFbeta induction of TGFbeta1 expression in ...
Chen Yicun - - 2006
The neurite outgrowth inhibitor protein Nogo-A has been identified as an inhibitor of axonal regeneration, and Nogo-B as a regulator of vasculature remodeling, but the additional roles of Nogo isoforms, especially Nogo-C, have obtained little attention. Nogo-C is weakly expressed in liver and kidney compared to the high expression in ...
Sinitskaya Natalia - - 2006
Species differences have been reported for the nighttime regulation of arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AA-NAT), the melatonin rhythm-generating enzyme. In particular, de novo synthesis of stimulatory transcription factors is required for Aa-nat transcription in the Syrian hamster but not in the rat pineal gland. The present work investigated the contribution of phosphorylated ...
Chen S-L - - 2007
Human papillomavirus type 16 E5 (HPV-16 E5) is a highly hydrophobic membrane protein with weak-transforming activity, which is associated with ErbB4 receptor in HPV-16-infected cervical lesions. Presently, we investigated the transforming mechanisms of E5 involving ErbB4 signaling. Firstly, we report a role for ErbB4 (JM-b/CYT-1) receptor that activates c-jun gene ...
Matsui Koshi - - 2006
HER2/neu overexpressing breast tumors exhibit an increase in polyomavirus enhancer activator 3 (PEA3) expression. We examined the relationship between HER2/neu transcriptional activation and PEA3 in cooperation with c-Jun. HER2/neu promoter activity was decreased by deleting PEA3 binding site, and was downregulated when the PEA3 binding site was mutated. PEA3 and ...
Hong In-Kee - - 2006
The tetraspanin membrane protein CD151 has been suggested to regulate cancer invasion and metastasis by initiating signaling events. The CD151-mediated signaling pathways involved in this regulation remain to be revealed. In this study, we found that stable transfection of CD151 into MelJuSo human melanoma cells lacking CD151 expression significantly increased ...
Zhang Dongyun - - 2006
It is widely accepted that the consumption of alcohol may lead to hepatic injuries such as hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis. However, consumption of Maotai, one of the famous liquors in China, is found to have no obvious relevance with hepatic injury as ordinary white wine does in both epidemiological and ...
Ito Yoshimasa - - 2006
Caspase-3 (32 kDa) is one of the primary protease executioners of apoptosis and is activated by intra-chain proteolytic cleavage, which generates a large subunit (17 kDa) and a small subunit (12 kDa). Typically, after apoptotic stimuli, the level of cleaved caspase-3 increases while that of caspase-3 decreases. It has been ...
Schapira Vered - - 2006
Mammalian wild-type Vav1 (wtVav1) encodes a specific GDP/GTP nucleotide exchange factor that is exclusively expressed in the hematopoietic system. Despite numerous studies, the mechanism underlying transformation of fibroblasts by oncogenic Vav1 (oncVav1) is not well defined. We identified osteopontin, a marker for tumor aggressiveness, as an oncVav1-inducible gene. Osteopontin is ...
Ball Allison - - 2006
Oxytocin (OT) is a potent uterine agonist. Its receptor (OTR) is a G protein-coupled receptor that is downregulated by prolonged exposure to OT. We hypothesized that activation of PKC mediated this OT-induced decrease in OTR expression. Diminished PKC activity in late pregnancy could underlie the increased expression of uterine OTR ...
Vleugel Marije M - - 2006
c-Jun is a component of the transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1), which binds and activates transcription at TRE/AP-1 elements. Extra- or intracellular signals, including growth factors, transforming oncoproteins, and UV irradiation, stimulate phosphorylation of c-Jun at serine 63/73 and activate c-Jun-dependent transcription. Therefore, activated c-Jun potentially plays an important ...
Wang T T-H - - 2006
This study evaluated the plastic changes of c-jun and c-fos in the right sixth lumbar dorsal root ganglion (L6 DRG), Rexed's lamina II in representative spinal segments L3, L5, and L6 and in the nucleus dorsalis (ND) at L3 segments after electro-acupuncture (EA) in cats subjected to removal of L1-L5 ...
Guillemot Laurent - - 2006
In mouse embryoid bodies, mutation of the tight junction protein cingulin results in changes in gene expression. Here, we studied the function of cingulin using a gene silencing approach in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. Cingulin-depleted cells show higher protein and mRNA levels of claudin-2 and ZO-3, increased RhoA activity, ...
Deng R - - 2006
It has been shown that acetylcholinesterase (AChE) expression was induced during apoptosis and the anti-sense oligonucleotides and siRNA of AChE may prevent apoptosis in various cell types. However, the mechanisms underlying AChE upregulation remain elusive. We demonstrated here that c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) could mediate AChE expression. In this study, ...
Wang Xiao-yong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Solar ultraviolet (UV) irradiation induces the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by activating cellular signalling transduction pathways. MMPs are responsible for the degradation and/or inhibition of synthesis of collagenous extracellular matrix in connective tissues. We mimicked the action of environmental ultraviolet on skin and investigated the effects of UVB-irradiated ...
Beltran Jose A - - 2006
Cellular differentiation of immune cells involves an array of molecular events responsible for their commitment to cellular maturation. Treatment of HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells with 12-o-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induces the cells to differentiate into monocyte/macrophage-like cells. In this study, following TPA treatment, there was a significant increase in mu opioid peptide ...
Chen Qian - - 2006
Cytohesin binder and regulator (Cybr; also known as CYTIP, CASP, and PSCDBP) is a cytokine-induced gene preferentially expressed in hematopoietic tissues and in T helper 1 cells. Cybr protein associates with members of the cytohesin family, which are known ADP-ribosylation factors-GDP/GTP exchange factors, and its functions appear to regulate lymphocyte ...
Gerber Mark A - - 2006
Meningiomas are the second most common brain tumor in adults, yet comparatively little is presently known about the dysregulated growth control pathways involved in their formation and progression. One of the most frequently observed genetic changes in benign meningioma involves loss of protein 4.1B expression. Previous studies from our laboratory ...
Vardimon Lily - - 2006
The cytoskeleton is a dynamic network that undergoes restructuring during a variety of cellular events including cell contact formation, cell invasion and the mitotic phase of the cell cycle. Here, we review the contribution of the cytoskeletal network to the inductive activity of glucocorticoids by focusing on the hormonal control ...
Young Matthew R - - 2006
The transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) has been implicated as a driver of carcinogenesis since its original characterization. Oncogenic transcription factors like AP-1 are becoming new targets for cancer intervention. Inhibitors of AP-1 have been shown to block tumor promotion, transformation, progression and invasion. The Fos related antigen-1 (Fra-1) is ...
Hettinger K - - 2007
Activation of c-Jun, a component of the AP-1 family of transcription factors, leads to either promotion or prevention of apoptosis. However, the molecular determinants of c-Jun-mediated cell survival are still unclear. We show here that inducible expression of c-Jun promotes cellular survival by negatively regulating the expression of the tumor-suppressor ...
Eguchi Ai - - 2006
Unregulated uptake of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) via macrophage scavenger receptors (SRs) such as lectin-like ox-LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a key event in atherosclerosis. In this study, we examined the effects of five selected food phytochemicals on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced LOX-1 mRNA expression in THP-1 human monocyte-like cells. Nobiletin, a citrus ...
Qin Guohua - - 2006
Sulfur dioxide (SO2) is a ubiquitous air pollutant, present in low concentrations in the urban air, and in higher concentrations in the working environment. Benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant with diverse toxicological effects. To investigate the interactions between SO2 and B(a)P, male Wistar rats ...
Wang Xuening X Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Medicine and Dentistry New Jersey-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey 07103, - - 2006
The activating protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor complex is a heterogeneous entity, composed in mammalian cells of dimers chosen from a group of at least eight proteins belonging to three families: jun, fos, and activating transcription factor (ATF). The AP-1 complexes participate in diverse biological processes that include cell proliferation, survival, ...
Shima Yuichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: An increased expression of immediate early genes, such as the c-fos and c-jun, is observed in some organs after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. These factors have been revealed to potentially induce apoptosis and proliferation of the postischemic cells. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship ...
Lui Wing-Yee - - 2006
Nectin-2, a major protein component of the adherens junctions (AJs), is found between Sertoli cells and germ cells in the seminiferous epithelium. Recent studies have shown that the expression of nectin-2 gene in testis is crucial to maintain normal spermatogenesis since male knockout mice lacking nectin-2 gene are sterile and ...
Nabhan Joseph F - - 2006
The AP1 (activator protein 1) transcription factor, c-Jun, is an important regulator of cell proliferation, differentiation, survival, and death. Its activity is regulated both at the level of transcription and post-translationally through phosphorylation, sumoylation, and targeted degradation. The degradation of c-Jun by the ubiquitin proteasome pathway has been well established. ...
Yoshida Masanori - - 2006
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is expressed in paraventricular, supraoptic, and suprachiasmatic nuclei of the hypothalamus, where transcription of the AVP gene is activated by various forms of stress, such as hyperosmolality, inflammation, and photic stimulation. In vasopressinergic neurons, the expression of the Fos/Jun family proteins is known to be rapidly induced ...
Zhang Ya-Ping YP Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050000, Hebei Province, - - 2006
To study the relationship between interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) up-regulating tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMMP-1) mRNA expression and phosphorylation of both c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 in rat hepatic stellate cells (HSC). RT-PCR was performed to measure the expression of TIMMP-1 mRNA in rat HSC. Western blot was performed to ...
Hilfiker-Kleiner Denise - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Mice deficient for the AP-1 transcription factor JunD, the only Jun protein constitutively expressed and clearly detectable in the mammalian heart, develop enhanced cardiac hypertrophy in response to chronic pressure overload. Catecholamines inducing alpha-adrenergic receptor-mediated signaling have been implicated in the neurohumoral response to pressure overload and the development ...
Liu Han - - 2006
ATF2 and c-Jun are key components of activating protein-1 and function as homodimers or heterodimers. c-Jun-ATF2 heterodimers activate the expression of many target genes, including c-jun, in response to a variety of cellular and environmental signals. Although it has been believed that c-Jun and ATF2 are constitutively localized in the ...
Funaba Masayuki - - 2006
Mouse mast cell protease-7 (mmcp-7) is a tryptase predominantly expressed in differentiated connective tissue-type mast cells. Previous study revealed that transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) increases gene transcript of mmcp-7 in mast cells. The present study explored molecular mechanism of the up-regulation of mmcp-7 by TGF-beta. Luciferase-based reporter assays using deletion ...
Zhang Qin - - 2006
The FRA-1 proto-oncogene is overexpressed in a variety of human tumors and is known to up-regulate the expression of genes involved in tumor progression and invasion. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt pathway is also known to regulate these cellular processes. More importantly, respiratory toxicants and carcinogens activate both the PI3K-Akt pathway ...
Fei J-W - - 2006
The p63alpha isoforms of the p53 family have been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the development and differentiation of the skin. We show that expression of the TAp63alpha isoform leads to an upregulation of the cutaneous papillomavirus HPV 20 promoter, which is increased at least three-fold when c-Jun ...
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