Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1779
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Staber Philipp B - - 2007
Anaplastic large cell lymphomas (ALCLs) are highly proliferating tumors that commonly express the AP-1 transcription factor JunB. ALK fusions occur in approximately 50% of ALCLs, and among these, 80% have the t(2;5) translocation with NPM-ALK expression. We report greater activity of JunB in NPM-ALK-positive than in NPM-ALK-negative ALCLs. Specific knockdown ...
De-Castro Arce Johanna - - 2007
Retinoic acid receptor beta2 (RAR beta2) is often down-regulated during the multistep process to cervical cancer. In that way, its inhibitory function on the transcription factor AP-1, indispensable to maintain human papillomavirus (HPV) gene expression is relieved. Using HPV-18 positive HeLa cells as a model system, we show that ectopic ...
Malnou Cécile E - - 2007
c-Fos proto-oncoprotein forms AP-1 transcription complexes with heterodimerization partners such as c-Jun, JunB, and JunD. Thereby, it controls essential cell functions and exerts tumorigenic actions. The dynamics of c-Fos intracellular distribution is poorly understood. Hence, we have combined genetic, cell biology, and microscopic approaches to investigate this issue. In addition ...
Fernández Virginia - - 2007
Thyroid hormone-induced calorigenesis triggers liver oxidative stress with concomitant TNF-alpha production by Kupffer cells and up-regulation of gene expression. Considering that cyclin-dependent kinase-2 (CDK-2) performs essential functions for cellular proliferation, our aim was to test the hypothesis that l-3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T(3)) stimulates liver cell proliferation by upstream mechanisms involving CDK-2 expression ...
Waldmann Inga - - 2007
c-Jun and c-Fos are major components of the transcriptional complex AP-1. Here, we investigate the nuclear import pathway(s) of the transcription factor c-Jun. c-Jun bound specifically to the nuclear import receptors importin beta, transportin, importin 5, importin 7, importin 9, and importin 13. In digitonin-permeabilized cells, importin beta, transportin, importin ...
Lee Jin Young - - 2007
Clostridium difficile toxin A causes acute colitis associated with intense infiltration of neutrophils. Although C. difficile toxin A is known to induce nuclear factor-kappaB-mediated chemokine expression in intestinal epithelial cells, little is known about its effect on the regulation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) by mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). In the ...
Cai Changmeng - - 2007
The multiple transcriptional roles of c-Jun are shown in a novel cross-talk between the androgen receptor (AR) and its new target gene, Ets variant gene 1 (ETV1). In this report, we show that c-Jun can mediate AR induction of ETV1 expression independent of c-Jun transactivation function. Interestingly, c-Jun can transactivate ...
Jorissen Helena J M M - - 2007
The transcription factor, DeltaFosB, a splice isoform of fosB, accumulates in rodents in a brain-region-specific manner in response to chronic administration of drugs of abuse, stress, certain antipsychotic or antidepressant medications, electroconvulsive seizures, and certain lesions. Increasing evidence supports a functional role of such DeltaFosB induction in animal models of ...
Zhang Yan Y Department of Orofacial Sciences, University of California at San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143-0640, - - 2007
Delayed removal of amelogenins, which are initially hydrolyzed by matrix metalloproteinase MMP-20, is a characteristic of enamel fluorosis. In this study, we investigated the regulation of MMP-20 and possible effects of fluoride on MMP-20 expression in human ameloblast lineage cells. Protein expression and signaling pathways of human ameloblast lineage cells, ...
Torres Thompson Eusébio Pavan - - 2007
Protein expression of the early response genes, jun and fos, has been suggested to play an important role in the in vitro and in vivo proliferation of adrenal cells. To elucidate the immunolocalization of proliferative cells and the patterns of adrenal gland expression of members of the activating protein-1 (AP-1) ...
Chiu Yung-Cheng - - 2007
The production of chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 is significantly higher in synovial fluid of patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 may contribute to the breakdown of articular cartilage during arthritis. Here, we found that SDF-1alpha increased the secretion of MMP-13 in cultured human chondrocytes, as shown ...
Wisniewska Marta B - - 2007
The transcription factors activator protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) cooperate to induce the expression of cytokines during the immune response. While much is known about the signaling pathways and physical interactions between NFAT and AP-1 dimers following lymphocyte activation, few studies have addressed the role ...
Döbbeling Udo - - 2007
Most oncogenes encode activators of transcription factors or transcription factors themselves. Transcription factors that are induced by growth stimuli are, in contrast to transcription factors that regulate house keeping genes, tightly regulated and only active, when a stimulus (e.g. cytokines or other growth factors) is given. Examples of such transcription ...
Ruan Qingwei - - 2007
CONCLUSION: The data revealed that calcium influx via the NMDA receptor up-regulated the expression of phosphorylated c-Jun in the primary auditory cortices following sensory stimulation and after different neural injury stimulations which guide activity-dependent changes in gene expression and neural plasticity. OBJECTIVES: Activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor, which is mainly ...
Navascués Joaquín - - 2007
The neuron-like UR61 cell is a stable PC12 subline that contains a mouse N-ras oncogene. Dexamethasone (Dex) treatment induces a neuron-like differentiation, which is associated with neuritogenesis and nuclear expression of the glucocorticoid receptor and c-Jun. In differentiated UR61 cells, small ubiquitin-like modifiers 1 (SUMO-1) is concentrated in a new ...
Wang Chi-Chung - - 2007
HLJ1 is a novel tumor and invasion suppressor that inhibits tumorigenesis and cancer metastasis. However, the mechanism of HLJ1 activation is currently unclear. Here, we identify an enhancer segment in the HLJ1 gene at -2,125 to -1,039 bp upstream of the transcription start site. A 50-bp element between -1,492 and ...
Vikhanskaya Faina - - 2007
The cause or consequence of overexpression of p73 (refs 1, 2), the structural and functional homologue of the tumour-suppressor gene product p53 (refs 3, 4), in human cancers is poorly understood. Here, we report a role for p73 in supporting cellular growth through the upregulation of AP-1 transcriptional activity. p73 ...
Neub Angela - - 2007
Cutaneous wound healing is a well-coordinated process that includes inflammation, proliferation, and differentiation. Activator protein 1 (AP-1) subunits have been implicated in the regulation of genes important for these processes and have been shown to be involved in wound healing. However, investigation of human healing and non-healing wounds in vivo ...
Abe Kaori - - 2007
Teeth are the hardest tissues covered with enamel produced by ameloblasts. The ameloblast differentiation is controlled by sequential epithelial-mesenchymal interactions during tooth morphogenesis. However, the molecular mechanism of ameloblast differentiation remains unclear. To address this question, we developed an in vitro assay system to evaluate the molecular mechanism of amelogenesis. ...
Williams Alison S - - 2007
Ozone has potent oxidizing properties, and exposure to ozone causes airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) and lung inflammation. We determined the importance of c-Jun NH(2) terminal kinase (JNK), a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, in ozone-induced AHR and inflammation. SP600125 [anthra[1,9-cd] pyrazol-6 (2H)-one], a specific JNK inhibitor (30 mg/kg) or ...
Drosatos Konstantinos K Department of Basic Sciences, University of Crete Medical School, Heraklion GR-71110, - - 2007
c-Jun is a transcription factor activated by phosphorylation by the stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase pathway in response to extracellular signals and cytokines. We show that adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of the dominant negative form of c-Jun (dn-c-Jun) in C57BL/6 mice increased greatly apoE hepatic mRNA and plasma levels, increased plasma ...
Gu Qingyang - - 2007
SAG (sensitive to apoptosis gene) was first identified as a stress-responsive protein that, when overexpressed, inhibited apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. SAG was later found to be the second family member of ROC1 or Rbx1, a RING component of SCF and DCX E3 ubiquitin ligases. We report here ...
Ma Chi - - 2007
In cerebellar granule neurons, a BH3-only Bcl-2 family member, death protein 5/harakiri, is up-regulated in a JNK-dependent manner during apoptosis induced by potassium deprivation. However, it is not clear whether c-Jun is directly involved in the induction of dp5. Here, we showed that the up-regulation of dp5, but not fas ...
Li Wenjing - - 2007
In a previous study, we found that calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) could be induced by proinflammatory factor IL-1beta in A549 human type II alveolar (AEII) epithelial cells. We investigated the mechanism of IL-1beta-induced CGRP secretion and found that the PKC-p38 MAPK-NF-kappaB pathway was involved. In the present study, we found ...
Lauffart Brenda - - 2007
The Transforming acidic coiled coil (TACC) proteins play a conserved role in normal development and tumorigenesis through interactions with multiple complexes involved in transcription, translation, and centrosomal dynamics. However, despite significant work on the function of TACC3 in the control of centrosomal mechanics, relatively little functional data is known about ...
Lizundia Regina - - 2007
Lymphocyte transformation induced by Theileria parasites involves constitutive activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and the AP-1 transcription factor. We found that JNK/AP-1 activation is associated with elevated levels of Rab11 protein in Theileria-transformed B cells. We show that AP-1 regulates rab11a promoter activity in B cells and that the ...
Awasthi Smita - - 2007
Ormeloxifene is a selective estrogen receptor modulator that exerts antiestrogenic effects and thereby inhibits growth in uterus. The present study was undertaken to examine the AP-1 protein interaction with AP-1 enhancer DNA elements in rat uterus in vivo and in vitro with a view to explore the modulation of estrogen ...
Matthews Connie P - - 2007
Activation of activator protein 1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB)-dependent transcription is required for tumor promotion in cell culture models and transgenic mice. Dominant-negative c-Jun (TAM67) blocks AP-1 activation by dimerizing with Jun or Fos family proteins and blocks NFkappaB activation by interacting with NFkappaB p65. Two-stage [7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate ...
Gao Feng-Hou - - 2007
AML1-ETO fusion protein, a product of leukemia-related chromosomal translocation t(8;21), was reported to upregulate expression of connexin-43 (Cx43), a member of gap junction-constituted connexin family. However, its mechanism(s) remains unclear. By bioinformatic analysis, here we showed that there are two putative AML1-binding consensus sequences followed by two activated protein (AP)1 ...
Das Dola - - 2007
Cp (ceruloplasmin), a copper containing plasma protein, mainly synthesized in the liver, is known to be functional between the interface of iron and copper metabolism. We have reported previously that Cp is regulated by cellular iron status, but the process of the regulation of Cp by copper still remains a ...
Tsai Chia-Wen - - 2007
Garlic organosulfur compounds are recognized as potential chemopreventive compounds. This protection is related to the induction of phase II detoxification enzymes. We previously reported that diallyl disulfide (DADS) and diallyl trisulfide (DATS) up-regulate the gene expression of the pi class of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP) and that an enhancer element named ...
Hatle Ketki M - - 2007
Methylation-controlled J protein (MCJ) is a newly identified member of the DnaJ family of cochaperones. Hypermethylation-mediated transcriptional silencing of the MCJ gene has been associated with increased chemotherapeutic resistance in ovarian cancer. However, the biology and function of MCJ remain unknown. Here we show that MCJ is a type II ...
Akhouayri O - - 2007
The osteocalcin gene encodes an osteoblast-specific protein that is induced with the onset of mineralization at late stages of differentiation. Several transcriptional regulators have been characterized that control the transcription of osteocalcin, including activator protein 1 (AP-1) family members such as the Fra2/JunD heterodimer. We have previously shown that the ...
Xia Yan Y Brain Tumor Center and Department of Neuro-Oncology, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2007
c-Jun, a major transcription factor in the activating protein 1 (AP-1) family of regulatory proteins, is activated by many physiologic and pathologic stimuli. However, whether c-jun is regulated by epigenetic modification of chromatin structure is not clear. We showed here that c-jun was transcriptionally repressed in response to osmotic stress ...
Zupanska Agata - - 2007
The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1/CIP1, a critical regulator of the cell cycle, is mainly regulated by p53 tumour suppressor at the transcriptional level. Restoration of p21WAF1/Cip1 expression in p53-deficient malignant cells suppress tumour growth. Cyclosporine A (CsA) affects proliferation and survival of cultured malignant glioma cells and impairs growth of ...
Baccaro Rozana B F - - 2007
In vitro and in vivo studies have suggested that the expression of the early response genes for Jun and Fos proteins plays an important role in adrenal cell proliferation. In order to study the expression pattern of the activating protein-1 (AP-1) family of oncogenes in the adrenal gland, we have ...
Chen Ben-Kuen - - 2007
The c-Jun/Sp1 interaction is essential for growth factor- and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)-induced genes expression, including human 12(S)-lipoxygenase, keratin 16, cytosolic phospholipase A2, p21(WAF1/CIP1), and neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor beta4. Here, we examined the mechanism underlying the PMA-induced regulation on the interaction between c-Jun and Sp1. We found that treatment ...
Lan Hsin-Chieh - - 2007
Steroids are synthesized in adrenal glands and gonads under the control of pituitary peptides. These peptides bind to cell surface receptors to activate the cyclic AMP (cAMP) signaling pathway leading to an increase of steroidogenic gene expression. Exactly how cAMP activates steroidogenic gene expression is not clear, except for the ...
Fiala-Beer Eva - - 2007
The physiologically important cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4A2 arachidonic acid omega-hydroxylase gene is widely expressed in rat tissues. Although the induction of CYPs 4A by peroxisome proliferators and dietary lipids is established there is minimal information on the factors that control constitutive expression. To address this issue we cloned 1.4 kb ...
Guo Linlang - - 2007
Etk/Bmx is a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase, which was first identified in human bone marrow cells. It has been found to play an important role in the regulation of differentiation and tumorigenicity in some cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of Etk/Bmx expression in hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Ramos-Nino Maria E - - 2007
Silencing of Fra-1, a component of the dimeric transcription factor, activator protein-1 (AP-1), inhibits mRNA expression of c-met and cd44 in rat mesothelioma cells and is causally linked to maintenance of the transformed phenotype. However, the mechanisms of Fra-1 regulation and Fra-1 regulated gene expression in human malignant mesothelioma (MM) ...
Okada Yuka - - 2007
PURPOSE: To examine the expression pattern of stress-related genes, c-fos and c-jun, both the major components of activator protein-1 (AP-1), in rat corneal epithelium treated with a short-term ethanol exposure. The purpose of the current study was to examine if the ethanol exposure during laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) may stimulate ...
Merienne Karine - - 2007
We have approached the role of cellular stress in neurodegenerative diseases caused by polyglutamine expansion (polyQ) in the context of Spinocerebellar ataxia type 7 (SCA7) that includes retinal degeneration. Using the R7E mouse, in which polyQ-ataxin-7 is specifically over-expressed in rod photoreceptors, we previously showed that rod dysfunction correlated to ...
Gaudio Eugenio - - 2006
WWOX is a tumor suppressor that functions as a modular protein partner of transcription factors. WWOX contains two WW domains that mediate protein-protein interactions. In this report, we show that WWOX, via its first WW domain, specifically associates with the proline-rich motif of c-Jun proto-oncogene. Our data show that phosphorylation ...
Tsai Chia-Lung - - 2006
EBV latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) activates cellular DNA methyltransferases, resulting in hypermethylation and silencing of E-cadherin. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. In this study, we show that LMP1 directly induces the dnmt1 promoter activity through its COOH-terminal activation region-2 YYD domain. Using (i) LMP1 mutants, (ii) ...
Gui Min - - 2007
Emodin inhibited expression of both transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1)- and phorbol ester (PMA)-induced tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in an immortalized rat hepatic stellate cell line, HSC-T6, by Western blot and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Reporter gene assays showed that emodin reduced both basal and PMA-induced activated protein-1 ...
Katiyar Sanjay - - 2007
Cancer cells arise through sequential acquisition of mutations in tumor suppressors and oncogenes. c-Jun, a critical component of the AP-1 complex, is frequently overexpressed in diverse tumor types and has been implicated in promoting cellular proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. Functional analysis of candidate genetic targets using germ line deletion in ...
Textor Björn - - 2006
Physiological conditions like hypoxia or hypoglycemia trigger expression of VEGF, a key regulator of angiogenesis. To elucidate the molecular mechanism underlying the VEGF regulation of hypoglycemia, we investigated the role of AP-1 transcription factor subunits c-Jun and JunB. Using c-jun(-/-) and junB(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts, we demonstrate that both c-Jun ...
Olferiev Mikhail - - 2007
The inhibitory receptor FcgammaRIIb is a negative regulator of antibody production and inflammatory responses. The -343 G --> C polymorphism in the human FCGR2B promoter is associated with systemic lupus erythematosus. The -343 C mutant promoter has decreased transcriptional activity. In the present study, we show that the transcriptional change ...
Ross Kristie R - - 2007
SMAD3 is a transcription factor that mediates TGF-beta1 signaling and is known to be important in many of the cellular processes that regulate fibrosis and inflammation. Although several studies have examined SMAD3 activation, little is known about the control of SMAD3 expression. It is well established that the mitogen-activated protein ...
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