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Results 301 - 350 of 1779
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Haase Michael G - - 2008
Radiation-induced lung damage comprises inflammation (alveolitis) as well as disturbed regulation of cell differentiation and proliferation (fibrosis). The transcriptional regulation of this process is poorly understood. One key transcription factor involved in the regulation of proliferation and differentiation is AP1 (activator protein 1). The present study examined changes in the ...
Inaoka Yoshihiko - - 2008
NR4A1, also called NGFI-B in the rat, Nur77 in the mouse and TR3 in humans, belongs to the orphan nuclear steroid hormone receptor superfamily and is one of the immediate-early genes. In the endocrine organs, including the gonads, NGFI-B/Nur77 gene expression is rapidly induced by pituitary hormones. NGFI-B/Nur77 expression was ...
Chiu Yung-Cheng - - 2008
It has been shown that ultrasound (US) stimulation accelerates fracture healing, bone maturation, and remodeling in the animal models and in clinical studies. One of the major factor involves in remodeling process is matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) such as MMP-13 that has been shown to degrade the native interstitial collagens in ...
Kim Dongbum - - 2008
Several skin sensitizers, like 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB), are known to provoke contact hypersensitivity responses after topical application. Here, we show that DNFB can upregulate macrophage inflammatory protein-2 (MIP-2) expression in RAW 264.7 cells via a mechanism that is largely dependent on mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways. ELISA-based transcription factor activation ...
Wolter Sabine - - 2008
Interleukin-1 (IL-1)-induced mRNA expression of ccl2 (also called MCP-1), a prototypic highly regulated inflammatory gene, is severely suppressed in cells lacking c-Jun or Jun N-terminal protein kinase 1 (JNK1)/JNK2 genes and is only partially restored in cells expressing a c-Jun(SS63/73AA) mutant protein. We used chromatin immunoprecipitation to identify three c-Jun-binding ...
Neill John D - - 2008
Infection of susceptible animals with bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV) can result in an array of disease symptoms that are dependent in part on the strain of infecting virus and the physiological status of the host. BVDV are lymphotrophic and exist as two biotypes. Cytopathic BVDV kill cells outright while ...
Adiseshaiah Pavan P Department of Environmental Health Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, Room E7610, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2008
Fra-1 as an integral part of AP-1 (Jun/Fos) drives transcriptional programs involved in several physiologic and pathologic processes. It is also critical for tumor cell motility and metastasis. We have previously shown that two critical elements of Fra-1 promoter, the upstream TPA response element (TRE) and the serum response element ...
Hernandez J M JM Department of Veterinary Biosciences and Center for Retrovirus Research, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, - - 2008
JunD is a versatile AP-1 transcription factor that can activate or repress a diverse collection of target genes. Precise control of junD expression and JunD protein-protein interactions modulate tumor angiogenesis, cellular differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Molecular and clinical knowledge of two decades has revealed that precise JunD activity is elaborated ...
Huang Hsueh-Meei - - 2008
Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion involves inflammatory process and naloxone is able to reduce infarct volume and has been used as a therapeutic agent for brain injury. Hypoxia induces the immediate early genes (IEGs) rapidly and transiently that may initiate a cascade of cellular responses that are necessary for survival and normal function. ...
Kim Kwang Soo - - 2008
Many brain cells secrete MMPs (matrix metalloproteinases), and increased or misregulated MMP levels are found in neurodegenerative disorders. Here we report that MMP-3 transcription and protein secretion were increased in rat brain astrocytes stimulated with lipopolysaccharide, gangliosides or interferon-gamma. Sequential deletion of the MMP-3 promoter revealed that sequences between -0.5 ...
Thompson Charles - - 2008
Leukotriene (LT)D(4) is suggested to play a role in airway remodeling, which is characterized by fibrogenesis and airway smooth muscle cell hyperplasia. In this study, we investigated the effects of LTD(4) on the expression of furin, a proprotein convertase involved in the maturation/activation of several substrates implicated in the remodeling ...
Liu M - - 2008
Seven-in-absentia homologue 1 (Siah1) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that regulates the ubiquitination and proteasome-dependent degradation of a number of proteins. Here we report that Siah1 modulates multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1)/P-glycoprotein-mediated drug resistance in the cancer cell lines examined. Siah1, but not its ligase-dead mutant, down-regulates MDR1/P-glycoprotein and sensitizes the ...
Hoffmann Elke E Institute of Pharmacology, Medical School Hannover, D-30625 Hannover, - - 2008
The proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-1 activates several hundred genes within the same cell. This occurs in part by activation of the MKK7-JNK-c-Jun signaling pathway whose precise role in the regulation of individual inflammatory genes is still incompletely understood. To identify the genes that are under specific control of activated JNK, ...
Sarmiento Nancy - - 2008
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) are important regulators of cell functions but data on different PTP expression and dynamics in acute pancreatitis (AP) are very scarce. Additionally, both c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2), together with intracellular cAMP levels in inflammatory cells, play an essential role in AP. ...
He Hongbin - - 2008
Sensitive to apoptosis gene (SAG)/regulator of cullins-2/RING box protein 2 is a stress-responsive RING component of Skp-1/Cullins/F-box protein E3 ubiquitin ligase. When overexpressed, SAG inhibits apoptosis induced by reactive oxygen species or hypoxia. Here, we report that SAG overexpression inhibits ultraviolet (UV) B-induced apoptosis in mouse JB6 epidermal cells. Using ...
Giakoustidis Alexandros E - - 2008
Intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) activating signal transduction and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) administration in inhibition of apoptosis by attenuating the expression of NF-kB, c-Jun and caspace-3 in intestinal I/R. Thirty male wistar rats were used. Group ...
Lee Sang-Myeong - - 2008
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been shown to play a crucial role in maintaining self-tolerance and suppressing autoimmunity. The forkhead transcription factor, FoxP3, is a key molecule necessary and sufficient for Tregs development and function. However, the molecular mechanisms by which FoxP3 regulates the phenotypic (anergic) and the functional (suppressive) ...
Jiao Xuanmao - - 2008
The spread of metastatic tumors to different organs is associated with poor prognosis. The metastatic process requires migration and cellular invasion. The protooncogene c-jun encodes the founding member of the activator protein-1 family and is required for cellular proliferation and DNA synthesis in response to oncogenic signals and plays an ...
Marden Jennifer J JJ Molecular and Cellular Biology Interdisciplinary Graduate Program, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2008
The AP-1 transcription factor modulates a wide range of cellular processes, including cellular proliferation, programmed cell death, and survival. JunD is a major component of the AP-1 complex following liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury; however, its precise function in this setting remains unclear. We investigated the functional significance of JunD in ...
Holmström Tim H - - 2008
The molecular mechanisms by which the AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun exerts its biological functions are not clearly understood. In addition to its well established role in transcriptional regulation of gene expression, several reports have suggested that c-Jun may also regulate cell behavior by non-transcriptional mechanisms. Here, we report that small ...
Anzi Shira - - 2008
UV radiation is a major environmental carcinogen. The oncoprotein c-Jun that is required for development of skin cancer is stabilized by UV radiation. The mechanism leading to its stabilization after exposure to UV is not known. The lack of knowledge was particularly sharpened, after the discovery that JNK, the most ...
Arai Katsuhiko - - 2008
In adult mouse, the mRNA corresponding to the alpha1 chain of type XII collagen (alpha 1(XII)) is predominantly detected in the bone. Additionally, murine osteoblastic cells, MC3T3-E1, increased the mRNA level of alpha 1(XII) response to the mechanical strain in the stretch culture system. Cyclic stretch stress resulted in a ...
de Wilde Jillian - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies demonstrated a functional involvement of the AP-1 transcription factor in HPV-induced cervical carcinogenesis. Here, we aimed to obtain further insight in expression alterations of AP-1 family members during HPV-mediated transformation and their relationship to potential regulatory (Notch1, Net) and target (CADM1) genes. METHODS: mRNA expression levels of ...
Maurer Jochen - - 2008
RNA expression data reveals that human embryonic stem (hES) cells differ from mouse ES (mES) cells in the expression of RNAs for keratin intermediate filament proteins. These differences were confirmed at the cellular and protein level and may reflect a fundamental difference in the epithelial nature of embryonic stem cells ...
Kolomeichuk Sergey N - - 2008
Vinblastine treatment in all cell lines examined causes a robust increase in c-Jun protein expression and phosphorylation and a corresponding increase in activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcriptional activity. We show in KB-3 carcinoma cells that this is due to a strong autoamplification loop involving the proximal AP-1 site in the c-Jun ...
Takeda Kayoko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A recent study has shown that phosphorylated c-Jun (p-c-Jun) interacts with TCF4 to form a complex that cooperatively enhances their transcriptional activity in the presence of beta-Catenin, and that their interaction is critical for mouse intestinal tumorigenesis. To determine the significance of these three proteins in human colorectal tumors, ...
DeMorrow Sharon - - 2008
The endocannabinoid system regulates various aspects of hepatic fibrosis; however, nothing is known about its role in regulating cholangiocyte proliferation and function. We evaluated the effects of anandamide (AEA) on cholangiocyte proliferation and explored the effects of AEA on the thioredoxin 1 (TRX1)/redox factor 1 (Ref1)/activator protein-1 (AP-1) pathway. Mice ...
Leclerc Daniel - - 2008
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), an enzyme in folate and homocysteine metabolism, influences many cellular processes including methionine and nucleotide synthesis, methylation reactions, and maintenance of homocysteine at nontoxic levels. Mild deficiency of MTHFR is common in many populations and modifies risk for several complex traits including vascular disease, birth defects, and ...
Irarrazabal Carlos E - - 2008
Tonicity-responsive enhancer/osmotic response element-binding protein (TonEBP/OREBP) is a Rel protein that activates transcription of osmoprotective genes at high extracellular NaCl. Other Rel proteins NFAT1-4 and NF-kappaB complex with activator protein-1 (AP-1) to transactivate target genes through interaction at composite NFAT/NF-kappaB.AP-1 sites. TonEBP/OREBP target genes commonly have one or more conserved ...
Acay Renata Rodrigues - - 2008
c-Jun, one of the components of the transcription factor activating protein-1 (AP-1), is suggested as a factor in malignant progression of oral lesions. c-Jun and other AP-1 components relationships with human papillomavirus (HPV) infection have been investigated, but not yet focusing on oral carcinogenesis. The aim of this study was ...
Song Kwang-Hoon - - 2007
Bile acid synthesis in the liver is regulated by the rate-limiting enzyme cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1). Transcription of the CYP7A1 gene is inhibited by bile acids and cytokines. The rate of bile acid synthesis is reduced immediately after partial hepatectomy and during the early stage of liver regeneration. Hepatocyte growth factor ...
St-Arnaud René - - 2007
FIAT is a leucine zipper protein whose name was coined for its interaction with ATF4 and the subsequent blockage of ATF4-directed osteocalcin gene transcription. FIAT is a nuclear protein that lacks a basic DNA-binding domain but contains three identifiable leucine zipper domains. FIAT heterodimerizes with ATF4 through one of these ...
Scotto d'Abusco A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Glucosamine (GlcN) is used in the treatment of osteoarthritis as symptomatic slow-acting drug, but its mode of action is not completely known. We analyzed the influence of GlcN and its N-acetyl-phenylalanine derivative (NAPA) on mRNA transcription level of TNF-alpha-stimulated genes in cell culture. METHODS: Human immortalized chondrocyte cell line ...
Jin Xin - - 2007
Although activating protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors play an important role in mediating metastasis for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), the biological and physiological functions of AP-1, in relation to the oncogenic phenotype of NPC, are not fully understood. Our previous study showed that the latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) mediated a primary ...
Xia Wei - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We examined the transcriptional response to serum stimulation as an in vitro model of wound healing in keloid fibroblasts to identify molecular mechanisms leading to their aberrant growth. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Keloids are proliferative dermal growths representing a pathologic wound healing response. Although several groups have shown increased expression ...
Cheng Wen-Pin - - 2008
AIMS: The expression of GADD153 (growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible gene 153), an apoptosis-regulated gene, increases during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. How mechanical stretch affects the regulation of GADD153 in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) during apoptosis is not fully understood. We aimed to test the hypothesis that mechanical stretch ...
Huang C-C - - 2008
The proto-oncogene c-Jun plays an important role in regulating tumor progression. We previously reported that the serine/threonine phosphatase calcineurin (CaN, also called PP2B) dephosphorylates the C-terminus (Ser-243) of c-Jun, resulting in the increase in c-Jun and Sp1 interaction, and subsequent c-Jun-induced gene expression. Here, we demonstrate the interaction of c-Jun ...
Matsuda Hisashi - - 2008
Previously, thunberginols A and B from the processed leaves of Hydrangeae macrophylla var. thunbergii (Hydrangea dulcis folium) substantially inhibited the degranulation caused by antigen and calcium ionophore A23187, and the release of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-4 by antigen in RBL-2H3 cells. In the present study, we examined ...
Hasselblatt Peter - - 2007
Analysis of the molecular factors determining hepatocyte survival or death in response to inflammatory stimuli is essential for understanding the pathogenesis of inflammatory liver disease and for identifying novel therapeutic approaches. c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is a major mediator of cytokine-induced cell death during hepatitis, but the signaling pathways downstream ...
Fung Hua - - 2007
Arsenite is a human carcinogen causing skin, bladder, and lung tumors, but the cellular mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. We investigated expression of the essential base excision DNA repair enzyme apurinic endonuclease 1 (Ape1) in response to sodium arsenite. In mouse 10T(1/2) fibroblasts, Ape1 induction in response to arsenite ...
Chen Hai-Ying - - 2007
AIM: Polypeptide from Chlamys farreri (PCF, molecular mass is 879) is a new marine polypeptide compound isolated from Chlamys farreri. This study investigates the possible protective roles and the mechanism of PCF against ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced apoptosis in murine thymocytes. METHODS: The rate of apoptosis and caspase-3 activation was measured ...
De Borst M H - - 2007
The transcription factor c-Jun regulates the expression of genes involved in proliferation and inflammation in many cell types but its role in human renal disease is largely unclear. In the current study we investigated whether c-Jun activation is associated with human renal disease and if c-Jun activation regulates pro-inflammatory and ...
Yao Ke - - 2007
The c-jun-NH(2)-kinases (JNK) play a critical role in tumor promoter-induced cell transformation and apoptosis. Here, we showed that the nuclear factor of activated T3 (NFAT3) is phosphorylated by JNK1 or JNK2 at Ser(213) and Ser(217), which are located in the conserved SP motif. The transactivation domain of NFAT3 is found ...
Ramos-Nino Maria E ME University of Vermont College of Medicine, Department of Pathology, 89 Beaumont Avenue HSRF#216, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. - - 2008
The ligand hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF) and its receptor tyrosine kinase, c-Met, are highly expressed in most human malignant mesotheliomas (MMs) and may contribute to their increased growth and viability. Based upon our observation that RNA silencing of fos-related antigen 1 (Fra-1) inhibited c-met expression in rat mesotheliomas (1), ...
Hsieh Yih-Shou - - 2008
The mechanism for phenylpropanolamine (PPA)-induced anorexia has been attributed to its inhibitory action on hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY), an orexigenic agent abundant in the brain. However, molecular mechanisms behind this effect are not well known. In this study, we investigated whether activator protein-1 (AP-1) signaling was involved. Rats were daily ...
Vikman Petter P Department of Clinical Sciences, Experimental Vascular Research, BMC A13, 221 84, Lund, Sweden. - - 2007
Cerebral ischemia results in a local inflammatory response that contributes to the size of the lesion, however, the involvement of the cerebral vasculature is unknown. We hypothesise that the expression of inflammatory genes (Il6, iNOS, cxcl2, TNF-alpha and Il-1beta) and extracellular-matrix-related genes (MMP9, MMP13) is induced in cerebral arteries following ...
Qian Xiao-Xian XX Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MC0802), Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0802, - - 2007
Despite extensive studies have shown that increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (NOS3) expression in the uterine artery endothelial cells (UAEC) plays a key role in uterine vasodilatation, the molecular mechanism controlling NOS3 expression in UAEC is unknown. According to the sheep NOS3 promoter sequence isolated in our laboratory, we hypothesize ...
Lee Seahyoung - - 2007
Berberine, an herbal alkaloid, has been reported to have a lipid lowering effect by stabilizing hepatic LDLR mRNA in an ERK-dependent manner rather than promoting transcriptional activity. However, considering the complexity of interconnected signal pathways in biological processes, it is highly possible that there exist signal pathway(s) other than ERK ...
Pang Manhui - - 2007
Cathepsin K (CTSK) is a secreted protease that plays an essential role in osteoclastic bone resorption, and CTSK levels increase with osteoclast differentiation and activation, a process that is controlled by a complex physiological network of hormones and cytokines. A critical regulator of this process is receptor activator of NF-kappaB ...
Koyama-Nasu Ryo R Department of Pathology, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, New York, New York 10016, USA. - - 2007
c-Jun is a component of the heterodimeric transcription factor AP-1 that is rapidly activated in response to ultraviolet light (UV). In unstressed cells, c-Jun activity is negatively regulated by transcriptional repressor complexes. Here we show that the F-box protein Fbl10/JHDM1B interacts with c-Jun and represses c-Jun-mediated transcription. Chromatin-immunoprecipitation assays demonstrate ...
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