Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1779
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Farhana Lulu - - 2009
We previously found that the adamantyl-substituted retinoid-related molecules bind to the small heterodimer partner (SHP) as well as the Sin3A complex. In this report, we delineated the role of SHP and the Sin3A complex in 4-[3'-(1-adamantyl)-4'-hydroxyphenyl]-3-chlorocinnamic acid (3-Cl-AHPC)-mediated inhibition of cell growth and apoptosis. We examined the effect of loss ...
Dobreva Zlatka Georgieva - - 2009
Interleukin-10 is the most important anti-inflammatory cytokine that controls the progress of the immune response. The molecular mechanisms driving the IL10 gene regulation are not well understood. To gain insight into this process we studied the IL-10 expression on mRNA and protein levels, together with c-Jun, FOXP3 and RelA transcription ...
Kang Zhigang - - 2009
We have recently shown that the anthrax lethal toxin (LeTx) selectively represses nuclear hormone receptors. In this study, we found that LeTx repressed the activation of the mouse mammary tumor virus promoter related to overexpression of the transcription factors hepatocyte nuclear factor 3, octamer-binding protein 1, and c-Jun. LeTx transcriptional ...
Liang Jun-qing - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To cultivate human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in the serum of overfatigue rats with the intervention of Tongxinluo superfine powder (TXLSP). By examining the variation of the activity of JNK/c-Jun/HO-1 pathway, the possible mechanisms of vascular endothelial dysfunction under overfatigue conditions and the intervening effect of TXLSP were ...
Nielsen Carina - - 2009
To assess the hepatotoxicity of deoxynivalenol (DON), human hepatoma cells (Hep-G2) were used as an in vitro model. After exposing Hep-G2 cells to low (1 mciroM) and high dose (10 mciroM), gene expression profiles were analysed by microarray. More than 5% of genes were up-regulated, most of them being involved ...
Zhang Hong-Wei - - 2009
BACKGROUND: We designed AP-1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) to study the relationship between AP-1 expression and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 activation. METHODS: To suppress the expression of AP-1 gene, we used RNA interference to silence the AP-1 gene post-transcriptionally in rat smooth muscle cells. Effects of AP-1 siRNA on mRNA expression ...
Singal Tushi - - 2009
This study was undertaken to determine whether gene expression for transcriptional factors such as c-Fos and c-Jun is regulated by phospholipase C (PLC) activity. Norepinephrine (NE) increased PLC beta(1), beta(3), gamma(1), and delta(1) isozyme gene expression, protein contents and their activities in adult rat cardiomyocytes. Increases in PLC beta(1), beta(3), ...
Laner-Plamberger S - - 2009
Sustained Hedgehog (HH) signaling is implicated in basal cell carcinoma of the skin and other types of cancer. Here we show that GLI1 and GLI2, the main transcriptional activators of the HH pathway, directly regulate expression of the activator protein 1 (AP-1) family member JUN, a transcription factor controlling keratinocyte ...
Park Chul Chong - - 2009
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory, immune-mediated skin disease. Recently, several psoriasis-linked genetic loci have been reported; PSORS4 contains S100A8 (calgranulin A), and PSOR6 (19p13) locus harbors JunB (19p13.2). S100A8 is considered to be a marker of inflammation in a variety of diseases. The expression of JunB and c-Jun have been ...
Canettieri Gianluca - - 2009
Regulation of gene expression in response to mitogenic stimuli is a critical aspect underlying many forms of human cancers. The AP-1 complex mediates the transcriptional response to mitogens, and its deregulation causes developmental defects and tumors. We report that the coactivator CRTC1 cyclic AMP response element-binding protein (CREB)-regulated transcription coactivator ...
Vesely Paul Willi - - 2009
The activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor is assembled from jun-jun, jun-fos, or jun-atf family protein homo- or heterodimers. AP-1 belongs to the class of basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors. It binds to promoters of its target genes in a sequence-specific manner, and transactivates or represses them. AP-1 proteins ...
Hou Chun-Han - - 2009
It has been shown that ultrasound (US) stimulation accelerates fracture healing in the animal models and in clinical studies. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is a crucial mediator in bone formation during fracture healing. Here we found that US stimulation increased BMP-2 expression but not other BMPs. US induced BMP-2 transcription ...
Min Byong Wook - - 2008
Expression of protein kinase C-delta (PKCdelta) is up-regulated by apoptosis-inducing stimuli. However, very little is known about the signaling pathways that control PKCdelta gene transcription. In the present study, we demonstrate that JNK stimulates PKCdelta gene expression via c-Jun and ATF2 in response to the anticancer agent doxorubicin (DXR) in ...
Naito Masayo - - 2009
Acute kidney injury evokes renal tubular cholesterol synthesis. However, the factors during acute kidney injury that regulate HMG CoA reductase (HMGCR) activity, the rate-limiting step in cholesterol synthesis, have not been defined. To investigate these factors, mice were subjected to 30 minutes of either unilateral renal ischemia or sham surgery. ...
Kubota Kyoko - - 2009
A number of reports have provided genetic evidence for an association between the DTNBP1 gene (coding dysbindin) and schizophrenia. In addition, sandy mice, which harbor a deletion in the DTNBP1 gene and lack dysbindin, display behavioral abnormalities suggestive of an association with schizophrenia. However, the mechanism by which the loss ...
Zhou Li-Hua - - 2008
In the peripheral nervous system (PNS), root avulsion causes motoneuron degeneration, but the majority of motoneurons can survive axotomy. In order to study the mechanism of motoneuron degeneration, we compared the expression patterns of c-jun and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), the well-known molecular players in PNS regeneration and degeneration, ...
Kinoshita Atsushi - - 2008
The regulation of gene expression after the introduction of an exogenous gene is a problematic aspect of gene therapy. The purpose of this study was to use doxorubicin to regulate exogenous gene expression in a vector containing the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter. The pQBI25 vector, which encodes the CMV promoter and ...
Tacheau Charlotte - - 2008
One of the shared physiological roles between TGF-beta and connexin family members is to inhibit epithelial cell cycle progression and consequently, to provide protection against malignant transformation. Herein, we demonstrated that TGF-beta1 induces the expression of connexin43 (Cx43) in normal murine mammary gland (NMuMG) cell lines at the protein and ...
Kumar Deepak - - 2009
Previously we determined that inflammation responsive transcription factors AP-1 and SAF-1 synergistically regulate transcriptional induction of the MMP-1 gene. The present study investigated the underlying molecular mechanism of cooperativity between these two different groups of transcription factors. We present evidence that knockdown of SAF-1 by small interfering RNAs inhibits AP-1-mediated ...
Li Huiying - - 2009
Microcystins (MCs) are a potent liver tumor promoter, possessing potent tumor-promoting activity and weak initiating activity. Proto-oncogenes are known to be involved in the tumor-promoting mechanisms of microcystin-LR. However, few data are available on the effects of MCs on proto-oncogenes in the whole animal. To investigate the effects of MCs ...
Hou Chun-Han - - 2009
Chondrosarcoma is a low-grade sarcoma characterized by developing metastases and high local recurrence rate. Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) plays an essential role in tumor progression and metastasis. Here we found that BMP-2 induced the migration of human chondrosarcoma cells (JJ012 cells). BMP-2 also increased the secretion of metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) in ...
Martin Luc J - - 2009
The steroidogenic acute regulatory protein plays an essential role in steroid biosynthesis in steroidogenic cells. It is involved in the transport of cholesterol through the mitochondrial membrane where the first step of steroidogenesis occurs. Star gene expression in testicular Leydig cells is regulated by the pituitary LH through the cAMP ...
Kashiwakura Yuji - - 2008
REIC/Dickkopf-3 (Dkk-3), a tumor suppressor gene, has been investigated in gene therapy studies. Our previous study suggested that REIC/Dkk-3-induced apoptosis mainly resulted from phosphorylation of c-Jun-NH(2) kinase (JNK) in prostate cancer cells. However, the precise mechanisms, especially the molecular mechanisms regulating JNK phosphorylation, remain unclear. In this study, we investigated ...
Adoue Véronique - - 2008
Long-range cis elements are critical regulators of transcription, particularly for clustered paralogous genes. Such are the five PADI genes in 1p35-36 encoding peptidylarginine deiminases, which catalyze deimination, a Ca2+-dependent post-translational modification. Deimination has been implicated in the pathophysiology of severe human diseases such as multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. The ...
Liu Min - - 2008
Eg5 is a motor protein of the kinesin family that is critical for spindle assembly during mitosis and has recently been implicated in tumorigenesis. It is largely unknown how Eg5 expression is regulated in cells. In this study, we present the first evidence that the cellular Eg5 level is down-regulated ...
Agarwal Shivani - - 2008
Jun oncoprotein, a component of transcription factor AP-1, is responsible for expression of multiple genes which trigger cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. The diverse regulatory roles that c-Jun plays point towards its varied and complex transcriptional regulation under different physiological conditions. This could possibly involve an interplay of different trans-acting ...
Li Yan-Wei - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of puerarin on the aromatase P450 (P450(arom)) mRNA expression and the effects of low-dose puerarin on transcription factors of the P450(arom) gene (P II) 5'-flanking region. METHODS: The effects of puerarin on the P450(arom) mRNA expression were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The ...
Gao Zhanguo Z Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University System, 6400 Perkins Road, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, - - 2008
c-JUN is a major component of heterodimer transcription factor AP-1 (Activator Protein-1) that activates gene transcription in cell proliferation, inflammation and stress responses. SIRT1 (Sirtuin 1) is a histone deacetylase that controls gene transcription through modification of chromatin structure. However, it is not clear if SIRT1 regulates c-JUN activity in ...
Lui-Roberts Winnie W Y WW MRC Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Cell Biology Unit and Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United - - 2008
Formation of secretory organelles requires the coupling of cargo selection to targeting into the correct exocytic pathway. Although the assembly of regulated secretory granules is driven in part by selective aggregation and retention of content, we recently reported that adaptor protein-1 (AP-1) recruitment of clathrin is essential to the initial ...
Yu Chaoqin - - 2008
Aromatase P450 (P450(arom)) is overexpressed in endometriosis, endometrial cancers and uterine fibroids. With weak estrogen agonists/antagonists and some other enzymatic activities, isoflavones are increasingly advocated as a natural alternative to estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and are available as dietary supplements. Puerarin is major isoflavonoid compound isolated from Pueraria lobata, a ...
Raivich Gennadij - - 2008
Up-regulation of c-Jun is a common event in the developing, adult as well as in injured nervous system that serves as a model of transcriptional control of brain function. Functional studies employing in vivo strategies using gene deletion, targeted expression of dominant negative isoforms and pharmacological inhibitors all suggest a ...
Manna Pulak R - - 2008
Activator protein 1 (JUN) transcription factors (JUN and FOS) play critical roles in a wide variety of signaling processes including those in the protein kinase C (PRKCC) pathway, a pathway that is instrumental in the expression of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (STAR) protein. In the present study, we determined the ...
Tseng Pei-Chi - - 2008
An elevated level of macrophage inflammatory protein-1beta (MIP-1beta) induced by IL-1beta has been correlated with chronic hepatic inflammatory disease. However, molecular mechanism of IL-1beta-induced MIP-1beta expression in hepatic cells is obscure. Previously, we reported the mechanism of the anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity of helioxanthin (HE-145). Here, we demonstrated that ...
Seldeen Kenneth L - - 2008
Jun and Fos are components of the AP1 family of transcription factors and bind to the promoters of a diverse multitude of genes involved in critical cellular responses such as cell growth and proliferation, cell cycle regulation, embryonic development and cancer. Here, using the powerful technique of isothermal titration calorimetry, ...
Fromm Jody A JA Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2008
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family regulates essential biological processes. Various epithelial tumors are linked to EGFR overexpression or expression of variant forms, such as the EGFR1 variant, EGFRvIII. Perturbations in expression of the transcription initiation factor, TATA-binding protein (TBP), alter cellular growth properties. Here we demonstrate that EGFR1 ...
Jiang Daifeng D Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas 78249, - - 2008
A putative response element, GAGCCTC, was observed years ago in footprinting analysis of the c-jun promoter, and here we investigate its function in regulating c-jun expression and identify a protein complex that binds there. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays demonstrate a sequence-specific binding complex with this element in HEK293 cells. Additionally, ...
Drießler, Frank
AP-1 transcription factor is a general name for multiple dimers formed by the association of Fos (or ATF) and Jun proteins. AP-1 acts as a sensor of changes in the cellular environment and thus, it is implicated in the modulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, transformation and cell death. Besides the ...
Zhao Peng - - 2008
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is exquisitely sensitive to changes in its internal environment. Various conditions, collectively termed "ER stress", can perturb ER function, leading to the activation of a complex response known as the unfolded protein response (UPR). Although c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation is nearly always associated with cell ...
Rosskothen Nicole - - 2008
Acoustical or intracochlear stimulation may induce expression of the immediate early gene product c-Fos in neurons throughout the auditory brainstem. Attempting to estimate its consequences, we sought to determine if c-Fos expression occurs in neurons that also contain c-Jun p39 with which it could form the heterodimeric transcription factor AP-1 ...
Méndez-Samperio Patricia - - 2008
Human beta-defensin (HBD)-2 is an inducible antimicrobial peptide that plays an important role in innate immunity. Induction of this peptide by mycobacteria in epithelial cells has been reported. However, the mechanism(s) by which Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) triggers gene transcription of HBD-2 remains poorly understood. In the present work ...
Yuan Guogang - - 2008
It has been reported that HER2 level is strongly correlated with the expression of MMP-7 in some carcinomas. HER2 is a preferred heterodimerization partner of EGFR, HER3, and HER4. HER2 overexpression is believed to enhance the signaling from these receptors in response to binding of their specific ligands. In this ...
Mao Xin - - 2008
Activator protein 1 (AP-1) consists of a group of transcription factors including the JUN and FOS family proteins with diverse biological functions. This study assessed the genomic and expression status of the AP-1 transcription factors in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) by using immunohistochemistry (IHC), Affymetrix expression microarray, real-time reverse ...
Bark Hyun - - 2008
This study investigated whether P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are linked in terms of expression. RT-PCR and Western blot analyses showed that the lung cancer cell line SK-MES-1/WT expressed BCRP. In a drug-free state, BCRP expression was significantly down-regulated in doxorubicin-resistant SK-MES-1/DX1000 cells overexpressing Pgp. Pharmacological inhibitors ...
Kumar Sanjiv - - 2008
Previously, we have reported that endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) promoter activity is decreased in pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs) in response to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)). Thus the objective of this study was to identify the cis-element(s) and transcription factor(s) responsible for oxidant-mediated downregulation of the eNOS gene. Initial promoter ...
Diefenbacher Markus - - 2008
The term activator protein (AP)-1 describes homodimeric and heterodimeric transcription factors composed of members of the Jun, Fos, and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB)/activating transcription factor (ATF) families of proteins. Distinct AP-1 dimers, for instance the prototypical c-Jun:c-Fos and c-Jun:ATF2 dimers, are differentially regulated by signaling pathways and bind related ...
Tategu Moe - - 2008
CDCA4, a member of the TRIP-Br transcriptional co-factor family, has been shown to possess a unique role in regulating the transcriptional activities of p53 as well as E2F1 transcription factors. In this study, we aimed to identify a pivotal transcriptional target gene regulated by CDCA4, so we suppressed CDCA4 expression ...
Davis Monica M - - 2008
Drosophila innate immunity is controlled primarily by the activation of IMD (immune deficiency) or Toll signaling leading to the production of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). IMD signaling also activates the JUN N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade, which is responsible for immune induction of non-antimicrobial peptide immune gene transcription though the transcription factor ...
Jiang Tao - - 2008
AIM: The previous studies demonstrated that transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) could upregulate the expression of aldose reductase (AR). The aim of this study is to clarify (investigate) the mechanism of TGF-beta(1)-induced AR expression. METHODS: Real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot were used to analyse the AR expression in mRNA ...
Wu Jin-Bin - - 2008
Osteoporosis is a reduction in skeletal mass due to an imbalance between bone resorption and bone formation. Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) plays important roles in osteoblastic differentiation and bone formation. Therefore, components involved in BMP activation are good targets for the development of anti-osteoporosis drugs. In this study, naringin a ...
Tan Ching-Ting - - 2008
Laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (LHSCCs) are common head and neck cancers with a high propensity for lymph node (LN) and lung metastasis. Here, we report that LHSCCs express high levels of functional CXCR4 receptors, native for chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1/CXCL12). Primary tumor immunohistochemistry from LHSCC patients has ...
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