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Results 201 - 250 of 1765
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Marzioni D - - 2010
Preeclampsia (PE) is a serious disorder of human pregnancy, it is often associated with fetal growth restriction (FGR) which is a failure of the fetus to reach its own growth potential. Activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a family of transcription factors inducible in response to a variety of extracellular stimuli and ...
Liang Jingyao - - 2010
In eukaryotes, mitochondria are critical for cellular bioenergetics and mediating apoptosis. The transcriptional coactivator peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1alpha (PGC-1alpha) is an important regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis and function. However, the role of PGC-1alpha in neuronal apoptosis and its regulation by apoptotic pathway are still unknown. We demonstrated that ...
Liss A S AS Section of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Institute of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-1095, - - 2010
Cell transformation by the v-rel oncogene is mediated by the aberrant expression of genes that are normally tightly regulated by other Rel/NF-kappaB family members. Although a number of genes inappropriately activated or suppressed by v-Rel have been identified, their contributions to the v-Rel transformation process have been poorly characterized. Here, ...
Liu Jinyi - - 2010
p27 is an atypical tumor suppressor that can regulate the activity of cyclin-dependent kinases and G(0)-to-S phase transitions. More recent studies reveal that p27 may also exhibit its tumor-suppressive function through regulating many other essential cellular events. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these anticancer effects of p27 are largely unknown. ...
Dash R - - 2010
Enhanced expression of the CCN family of secretory integrin-binding proteins correlates with many essential components of the cancerous state, including tumor cell adhesion, proliferation, invasion and migration. Consequently, CCN1 expression is elevated in various cancers, including breast cancer, and its expression directly correlates with poor patient prognosis. Using subtraction-hybridization, combined ...
Salameh Ahmad - - 2010
Growth factor stimulation induces c-Jun-dependent survival of primary endothelial cells. However, the mechanism of c-Jun anti-apoptotic activity has not been identified. We here demonstrate that in response to growth factor treatment, primary human endothelial cells as well as mouse fibroblasts respond with an increased expression of c-Jun that forms a ...
Cazanave Sophie C SC Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, - - 2010
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis is a key feature of hepatocyte cytotoxicity by saturated free fatty acids (FFA). This lipoapoptosis is dependent, in part, on the transcriptional upregulation of the BH3-only protein PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis). Although the activator protein (AP)-1 complex facilitates PUMA expression by saturated FFA, ...
Roy Sashwati - - 2010
In the ischaemia-reperfused heart, transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) proteins trigger the differentiation of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) contributing to fibrosis. Reoxygenation of the heart, in addition to being a trigger for reperfusion injury, induces tissue remodelling by hyperoxia-sensitive signalling processes involving TGFbeta. Here, we sought to characterize the molecular mechanisms ...
Robitaille M?lanie - - 2010
Following stimulation of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) at the cell surface, heterotrimeric G proteins are activated. Both Galpha and Gbetagamma subunits regulate specific effectors to transmit signals received by the receptor. Recent data suggest potential nuclear localization or translocation of the Gbetagamma subunit. Here, we show that co-expression of the ...
Qin Guohua - - 2010
Sulfur dioxide (SO(2)) and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) are common industrial and environmental contaminants. However, few data are available on the effects of SO(2) on proto-oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, as well as the interactions between SO(2) and other xenobiotics regulating proto-oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes expression. To investigate the interactions between ...
Kalogeropoulou Margarita - - 2010
The TAF4b subunit of the transcription factor IID, which has a central role in transcription by polymerase II, is involved in promoter recognition by selective recruitment of activators. The activating protein-1 (AP-1) family members participate in oncogenic transformation via gene regulation. Utilizing immunoprecipitation of endogenous protein complexes, we documented specific ...
Singh Nikhlesh K NK Department of Physiology, the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, - - 2010
To understand the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE)-induced angiogenesis, we have studied the role of MMP-2. 15(S)-HETE induced MMP-2 expression and activity in a time-dependent manner in human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMVECs). Inhibition of MMP-2 activity or depletion of its levels attenuated 15(S)-HETE-induced HDMVEC migration, ...
Meixner A - - 2010
Jun is essential for fetal development, as fetuses lacking Jun die at mid-gestation with multiple cellular defects in liver and heart. Embryos expressing JunD in place of Jun (Jun(d/d)) can develop to term with normal fetal livers, but display cardiac defects as observed in fetuses lacking Jun. Jun(d/d) mouse embryonic ...
Lii Chong-Kuei - - 2010
The anticarcinogenic effect of dietary organosulfur compounds has been partly attributed to their modulation of the activity and expression of phase II detoxification enzymes. Our previous studies indicated that garlic allyl sulfides upregulate the expression of the pi class of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP) through the activator protein-1 pathway. Here, we ...
Yogev Orli - - 2010
The growing number of biological functions affected by autophagy ascribes a special significance to identification of factors regulating it. The activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors are involved in most aspects of cellular proliferation, death, or survival, yet no information regarding their involvement in autophagy is available. Here, we show that ...
Lee Andy C - - 2010
Cytochrome P450 2J2 oxidizes arachidonic acid to a series of epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) isomers in human tissues. EETs regulate numerous homeostatic processes, including cytoprotective and proliferative responses against injurious stresses. There is little information currently available on the factors that regulate CYP2J2, but strategies to activate expression could use the ...
St-Arnaud René - - 2010
FIAT is a leucine zipper protein whose name was coined for its interaction with ATF4 and subsequent blockage of ATF4-directed osteocalcin gene transcription. FIAT lacks a basic DNA-binding domain but contains three leucine zippers; it heterodimerizes with ATF4 to prohibit binding to DNA. FIAT could also potentially interact with additional ...
Ikari Akira - - 2010
Transient receptor potential melastatin 6 (TRPM6) channel is involved in the reabsorption of magnesium in the kidney. We recently found that TRPM6 expression is up-regulated by EGF, but the regulatory mechanism has not been clear. TRPM6 mRNA was endogenously expressed in HEK293 cells. TRPM6 mRNA expression was increased by EGF, ...
Dulloo Iqbal I Laboratory of Molecular Carcinogenesis, Division of Cellular and Molecular Research, Humphrey Oei Institute of Cancer Research, National Cancer Centre Singapore, - - 2010
p73, the structural and functional homologue of p53, exists as two major forms: the transactivation-proficient, proapoptotic TAp73 or the transactivation-deficient, antiapoptotic DNp73. Expectedly, expression of both these major forms has to be coordinated precisely to achieve the desired cellular outcome. Genotoxic insults resulting in cell death lead to the stabilization ...
Kamioka Nagisa - - 2010
Barrier function of the epidermis is maintained by precise expression of keratinocyte-specific structural proteins to form the cornified cell envelope (CE). Loricrin, a major component of the CE, is expressed at the late stage of keratinocyte differentiation. In this study, we reveal the isoform-specific function of protein kinase C (PKC) ...
Mishra Alok - - 2010
Transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) super-family is known to modulate expression of array of genes during development of many cancers and considered as an important target for modern therapeutics. But the role of AP-1 during development of human oral cancers is still poorly understood. Because oral cancer is one of ...
Liu Xiaohui - - 2010
Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) is a persistent and bio-accumulative pollutant ubiquitous in wildlife and humans, which receives many concerns on the fate, transport, distribution, and toxicity. Studies have shown that PFOS-induced neurotoxicity in experimental animals; however, little is known about the potential mechanism of PFOS exposure on the central nervous system ...
Yuan Qiuju - - 2010
This study aims to address if phosphorylation of the transcription factor c-Jun is associated with lesion-induced death of spinal motoneurons, and if this cellular response is modulated by glial-cell-line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). We found that after both distal axotomy and root avulsion, spinal motoneurons in neonatal rats expressed phosphorylated c-Jun ...
Shaulian Eitan - - 2010
Since its discovery more than two decades ago the involvement of the Activating protein 1 (AP-1) in proliferation, inflammation, differentiation, apoptosis, cellular migration and wound healing has been intensively studied. A model based on the early studies suggested antagonistic roles for the Jun proteins in proliferation and transformation. c-Jun was ...
Beauvais Genevieve - - 2010
Methamphetamine (METH) is a psychostimulant that can cause long-lasting neurodegenerative effects in humans and animals. These toxic effects appear to occur, in part, via activation of dopamine (DA) D1 receptors. This paper assessed the possibility that the DA D1 receptor antagonist, SCH23390, might inhibit METH-induced changes in the expression of ...
Malnou Cécile E - - 2010
The c-Fos proto-oncogenic transcription factor defines a multigene family controlling many processes both at the cell and the whole organism level. To bind to its target AP-1/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-responsive element or cAMP-responsive element DNA sequences in gene promoters and exert its transcriptional part, c-Fos must heterodimerize with other bZip proteins, its best ...
Sekyrova Petra - - 2010
Epithelial sheet spreading and fusion underlie important developmental processes. Well-characterized examples of such epithelial morphogenetic events have been provided by studies in Drosophila, and include embryonic dorsal closure, formation of the adult thorax and wound healing. All of these processes require the basic region-leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors Jun and ...
Wagner E F - - 2010
The Fos and Jun proteins are members of the AP-1 transcription factor complex, which is a central regulator for many cellular functions. This paper summarises the important functions of Fos proteins in bone development, with special emphasis on the Fos-related proteins Fra-1 and Fra-2. These factors determine the functions of ...
Han Xiaobin - - 2010
Cisplatin is a commonly used chemotherapeutic agent that has a major limitation because of its nephrotoxicity. We have demonstrated that cisplatin down-regulates the expression of the taurine transporter gene (TauT) in renal cells and that forced overexpression of TauT protects against cisplatin-induced apoptosis in renal cells in vitro and in ...
Liu Zun - - 2010
Mountain cedar (Juniperus ashei) pollen commonly causes a winter time allergic rhinitis in the central USA. Jun a 1 is the dominant allergenic protein, but biologically active recombinant Jun a 1 has not been successfully expressed, despite numerous attempts with several expression systems. Jun a 1 cDNA was inserted into ...
Qiao Xiaoying - - 2010
Ras-related nuclear protein (Ran) is a Ras family GTPase, and its documented functions are the regulation of DNA replication, cell cycle progression, nuclear structure formation, RNA processing and exportation, and nuclear protein importation. In this study, we performed detailed mapping of Ran expression during mouse ontogeny using in situ hybridization. ...
Khattar Ekta - - 2010
The abundance of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27(Kip1) during the cell cycle determines whether cells will proliferate or become quiescent. Although the post-translational regulation of p27(Kip1) is well established, its transcriptional regulation is poorly understood. Here, we report that mitogenic stimulation of quiescent HEK293 and Huh7 cells showed a rapid decline ...
Wu Cheng-Ying - - 2009
Interleukin (IL)-1beta has been shown to induce matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression through mitogen-activated protein kinases, including JNK, in rat brain astrocyte-1 (RBA-1) cells. However, little is known about whether JNK activated by Ca(2+)-dependent CaMKII is associated with MMP-9 expression induced by IL-1beta. Here, we report that the Ca(2+)/CaMKII/JNK/c-Jun participates in ...
Hashiguchi Koichi - - 2010
CD437, a synthetic retinoid, has a potent antitumor activity, in which an RAR-independent mechanism may be involved. Our previous study showed that CD437 transcriptionally upregulates the expression of thioredoxin-binding protein 2 (TBP2), leading to c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1)-mediated apoptosis. In the present study, we addressed the mechanism, by which ...
Liu Yi - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Ulcerative colitis (UC) refers to a kind of inflammatory bowel disease, of which the accurate pathogenesis is not yet well understood. Recently, the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and the TLR4 signaling pathway have been proved as playing an important role in the pathogenesis of UC. The objective ...
Di Cesare Mannelli L - - 2010
The gamma isoform of protein kinase C (PKCgamma) is an injury-activated intracellular modulator that boosts neuronal activity in algesic and neuroregenerative signalling pathways. Acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCAR), a physiological compound with role in bioenergetic functions, shows an antihyperalgesic effect and at the same time can exert neuroregenerative and neuroprotective effects. Aimed to ...
Yeligar Samantha M SM Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, - - 2009
Chronic alcohol consumption leads to liver inflammation and cirrhosis. Alcoholic liver disease patients have increased levels of hepatic RANTES/CCL5. However, less is known about the molecular mechanisms for ethanol-induced RANTES up-regulation. In this study, we observed that liver sinusoidal endothelial cells derived from ethanol-fed rats (E-rLSECs) showed severalfold increases in ...
Lee Seung-Yon - - 2009
Steroidogenesis decreases with aging in the testis, whereas the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) increase. In addition, ROS have been reported to inhibit testicular steroidogenesis. Here, we investigated the effects of ROS on the transcriptional activity of Nur77, one of the major transcription factors that regulate the expression of ...
Yu Bing - - 2009
Although hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) has long been intensively investigated as a drug target by interfering with its expression or transcriptional function, the regulatory mechanisms of HIF-1alpha remain to be further clarified. We report here that c-Jun associates with HIF-1alpha via its oxygen-dependent degradation domain, masks the sites for ubiquitination, and ...
Shen Xi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To investigate (1) the role of cytokine interleukin-1beta on the glutamine synthetase in retinal Müller cells under high glucose condition, (2) the mechanism for down-regulation of glutamine synthetase in retinal Müller cells induced by interleukin-1beta under high glucose conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of interleukin-1beta on the expression ...
Cazanave Sophie C - - 2009
Free fatty acids (FFA) induce hepatocyte lipoapoptosis by a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-dependent mechanism. However, the cellular processes by which JNK engages the core apoptotic machinery during lipotoxicity, especially activation of BH3-only proteins, remain incompletely understood. Thus, our aim was to determine whether JNK mediates induction of BH3-only proteins during ...
Rapanelli M - - 2009
Changes in transcription levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response element binding (CREB), Synapsin I, Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CamKII), activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc), c-jun and c-fos have been associated to several learning paradigms in different brain areas. In this study, we measured mRNA expression in ...
Yilmaz M Bertan MB Division of Reproductive Biology Research, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60611, - - 2009
Aromatase (CYP19A1) catalyzes the conversion of C(19) steroids to estrogens. Aromatase and its product estradiol (E(2)) are crucial for the sexually dimorphic development of the fetal brain and the regulation of gonadotropin secretion and sexual interest in adults. The regulation of aromatase expression in the brain is not well understood. ...
Carrozzino Fabio - - 2009
Tight junctions (TJs) form a barrier to the paracellular diffusion of ions and solutes across epithelia. Although transmembrane proteins of the claudin family have emerged as critical determinants of TJ permeability, little is known about the signaling pathways that control their expression. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Schraml Barbara U BU Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, - - 2009
Activator protein 1 (AP-1, also known as JUN) transcription factors are dimers of JUN, FOS, MAF and activating transcription factor (ATF) family proteins characterized by basic region and leucine zipper domains. Many AP-1 proteins contain defined transcriptional activation domains, but BATF and the closely related BATF3 (refs 2, 3) contain ...
Hiatt Susan M SM Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, - - 2009
Fos and Jun are components of activator protein-1 (AP-1) and play crucial roles in the regulation of many cellular, developmental, and physiological processes. Caenorhabditis elegans fos-1 has been shown to act in uterine and vulval development. Here, we provide evidence that C. elegans fos-1 and jun-1 control ovulation, a tightly ...
Kim Kyeongjin - - 2009
Small heterodimer partner (SHP) is an atypical member of nuclear receptor superfamily that lacks a DNA-binding domain. In previous study, we showed that SHP, c-jun, p65 of NF-gammaB subunits, and p21WAF1 expression was increased during monocytic differentiaton with the exposure of human leukemia cells to a differentiation agent, PMA. In ...
Yang Zhenyun - - 2009
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is characterized by myelomonocytic cell overproduction and commonly bears activating mutations in PTPN11. Murine hematopoietic progenitors expressing activating Shp2 undergo myelomonocytic differentiation, despite being subjected to conditions that normally support only mast cells. Evaluation of hematopoietic-specific transcription factor expression indicates reduced GATA2 and elevated c-Jun in ...
Cho Soon Ok - - 2010
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is an important risk factor for chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. The genetic differences of H. pylori isolates play a role in the clinical outcome of the infection. Inflammatory genes including cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) are involved in H. pylori ...
Hu Dong Gui - - 2009
UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B15 and 2B17 expression is up-regulated by 17beta-estradiol in MCF-7 breast cancer cells, as assessed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Using 5'-deletion mapping and site-directed mutagenesis, we demonstrate that 17beta-estradiol activation of UGT2B15 gene transcription is mediated by a 282-base pair fragment positioned -454 to -172 nucleotides from ...
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