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Di Simone D - - 1997
Bone marrow samples from 33 patients affected by MM and MGUS, and 8 patients not affected by lymphoproliferative diseases were studied for expression of c-Jun (a component of the transcription factor AP-1) and glutathione-S-transferase pi (GST-pi) using immunocytochemical methods. A high and frequent expression of these two proteins was found ...
Zeng G - - 1997
3-Deazaadenosine (DZA) mimicked the molecular action of insulin in the induction of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts to differentiate into adipocytes. The molecular effects of DZA were compared with insulin, which served as a positive control, on the expression of proto-oncogenes during the initial stage of differentiation of 3T3-L1 fibroblasts. Treatment of confluent ...
Guo H F - - 1996
Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) of c-fos and/or c-jun were used in this study to investigate the role of Fos and Jun proteins in electroacupuncture (EA)-induced transcription of the opioid genes, preproenkephalin (PPE), preprodynorphin (PPD) and proopiomelanocortin (POMC). As the results showed, EA-induced Fos and fun expression was blocked efficiently and specifically ...
Tabuchi A - - 1996
Stimulation of glutamate receptors causes several intracellular reactions including activation of activator protein-1 (AP-1) production and nitric oxide (NO) generation. Exposing mouse cerebellar granule cells to N-methyl-D-aspartate or kainate (KA) in culture induced an increase of AP-1 DNA binding activity that was blocked by further addition of sodium nitroprusside (SNP), ...
Butticè G - - 1996
Collagenase1 (MMP1) and stromelysin1 (MMP3) are extracellular proteolytic enzymes that degrade connective tissue macromolecules and basement membranes. Both genes are regulated by the Ets and Fos/Jun families of transcription factors/oncoproteins. Here, we show that two members of the Ets-family, Ets2 and Erg and their combinations differentially regulate collagenase1 and stromelysin1 ...
Giri R K - - 1996
Expression of c-jun, c-myc, c-fos and c-Ha-ras was examined and correlated with the various stages of N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA)-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in male AKR mice. The treated groups were given NDEA 100 ppm, in drinking water for 120 days. The histopathology along with the expression of oncogenes were studied at different durations ...
Grant P A - - 1996
Immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) class switch recombination and regulation of IgH expression levels are processes suggested to be controlled by the IgH 3' enhancer. Here we demonstrate that CD40 or IgM receptor stimulation of primary B cells results in transactivation of this enhancer. 4-Hydroxy-3-nitrophenylacetyl (NIP)-BSA induction of a K46 B ...
Lund L M - - 1996
When quiescent cells are perturbed, mRNAs encoding proteins that regulate gene transcription and the cell cycle are expressed at higher level. Jun and Fos are examples of proteins that mediate mitogenic signals and influence differentiation. In neurons, axon interruption (axotomy) increases the content of actin, tubulin, Jun D, and c-Jun ...
Rahmsdorf H J - - 1996
Since the discovery of v-jun as the transforming protein of the sarcoma virus 17 three mammalian homologues of v-jun have been isolated. All three jun genes respond to a multitude of agents, and the encoded proteins in turn bind to and regulate, positively or negatively, the transcription of dependent genes, ...
Yamashita S - - 1996
Employing immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, we studied the temporal and cell type specific localization of c-Fos and c-Jun proteins and the corresponding messenger RNAs (mRNAs) elicited by a single 17beta-estradiol (E2) injection in the uteri of castrated adult mice. Cellular expression of mRNAs was in parallel with the synthesis ...
Mulderry P K - - 1996
Peripheral axotomy of adult rat sensory neurons causes induction of the transcription factor c-Jun and increased expression of the neuropeptides vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), galanin and neuropeptide Y. To determine whether VIP induction is dependent on transcriptional regulation by c-Jun, we exploited the fact that c-Jun and VIP are also ...
Imaki T - - 1996
Stressful stimuli induce the transcriptional activation of the corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) gene as well as that of various immediate-early genes (IEGs). Among them, members of the fos/jun families play an important role in the regulation of gene expression. The possible relation between stress-induced IEG expression and CRF gene transcription was ...
Oshima R G - - 1996
Keratin 8 (K8) and keratin 18 (K18) are the most common and characteristic members of the large intermediate filament gene family expressed in 'simple' or single layer epithelial tissues of the body. Their persistent expression in tumor cells derived from these epithelia has led to the wide spread use of ...
Goetz J - - 1996
The human ATFa proteins belong to the ATF/CREB family of transcription factors. We have previously shown that they mediate the transcriptional activation by the largest E1a protein and can heterodimerize with members of the Jun/Fos family. ATFa proteins have also been found tightly associated with JNK2, a stress-activated kinase. We ...
Dosch J - - 1996
An early and immediate response of cells upon irradiation with UV light and various other forms of genotoxic stress is the induction of the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun. To address the questions of whether (a) methylating agents that are powerful carcinogens are effective in induction of fos and jun mRNAs, ...
Usenius T - - 1996
In situ hybridization histochemistry and immunocytochemistry were used to examine whether therapeutic ionizing radiation induces expression of immediate early genes in the rat brain. One hour following a single dose of 2 or 15 Gy the expression of c-fos and zif-268 but not of c-jun mRNAs was induced in a ...
Zhao Y - - 1996
Expression of aromatase P450 (P450arom; the product of the CYP19 gene) in human adipose stromal cells in primary culture is markedly stimulated by serum in the presence of dexamethasone (DEX). Under these conditions, the majority of P450arom transcripts contain untranslated exon 1.4 at their 5'-ends. Previously, we observed that the ...
Schroen D J - - 1996
Treatment of synovial fibroblasts with retinoic acid (RA) decreases their expression of collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1 or MMP-1), an enzyme that degrades interstitial collagens and contributes to the pathology of rheumatoid arthritis. This inhibition results, at least in part, from RA-induced decreases in the mRNA for the transactivators Fos and Jun ...
Rao G N - - 1996
We have previously reported that hydrogen peroxide, an active oxygen species and a cellular oxidant, induces c-Fos and c-Jun mRNA expression and DNA synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells and that these events require arachidonic acid release and metabolism through the lipoxygenase pathway. Here we have identified the eicosanoids that ...
Rahman I - - 1996
Increased levels of glutathione (GSH) occur in the epithelial lining fluid (ELF) of chronic cigarette smokers. Therefore we investigated the effect of cigarette smoke condensate solution (CSC) on GSH synthesis and the regulation of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gammaGCS) in human type II alveolar epithelial cells (A549). CSC exposure increased GSH levels, ...
Arts J - - 1996
Experiments were designed to clarify the role of c-Jun/c-Fos and of putative phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate-(PMA)-responsive elements (TREs) in the induction of plasminogen-activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) gene transcription in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2 by activators of protein kinase C (PKC). Treatment of HepG2 cells with the phorbol ester PMA or ...
Ross A W - - 1996
In ovine pars tuberalis cells which express high affinity Mel 1a melatonin receptors, the ability of melatonin to directly stimulate or inhibit AP-1 transcription factor gene expression was studied. Effects of melatonin upon mRNA expression by forskolin, serum and IGF-1 were also investigated. Northern analysis showed melatonin had no direct ...
Musti A M - - 1996
c-Jun and JunD are two closely related members of the Jun family of transcription factors which markedly differ in their biological functions. Whereas c-Jun behaves as a positive regulator of cell growth and may cause cell transformation when overexpressed, JunD antagonizes both of these effects. To better understand how the ...
McCabe L R - - 1996
Developmental studies of oncogene expression implicate the Fos and Jun family of transcription factors in the regulation of bone growth and differentiation. Promoters of many developmentally regulated genes, including osteocalcin, a marker of osteoblast differentiation, contain AP-1 sites that bind Fos/Jun dimers. Here, we demonstrate that the selective expression of ...
Jang S I - - 1996
The human profilaggrin gene is expressed in the granular layer during the late stages of terminal differentiation of the epidermis. In in vitro transcription experiments we show that the abundance of the mRNA and the specificity of the expression are regulated primarily at the level of transcription. We found that ...
Geimonen E - - 1996
Myometrial connexin-43 gap junctions are scarce throughout gestation but appear in large numbers at term to facilitate contractions during labor. The mechanisms that regulate this process are incompletely characterized. This report investigates the effects of protein kinase C activation on the regulation of connexin-43 gene transcription in human uterine smooth ...
Lengyel E - - 1996
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (u-PAR) facilitates extracellular matrix proteolysis by accelerating plasmin formation at the cell surface. The present study was undertaken to identify elements in the u-PAR promoter required for the elevated expression of this binding site. Toward this end, we used two cultured colon cancer cell lines; ...
Gao M - - 1996
We compared the ability of cellular and viral Jun (c-Jun and v-Jun) to transactivate target genes. c-Jun and v-Jun bind specifically to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate responsive elements [TREs, also called activator protein 1 (AP-1) motifs]. However, whereas c-Jun activates TRE-controlled promoters, v-Jun represses them. Cotransfection of the two Jun proteins reduces c-Jun-dependent ...
Felli M P - - 1996
Prostaglandins, mainly those of the E series (PGE), are modulators of immune responses. Indeed PGE2 inhibits T cell activation and the transcription of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene, the major T cell growth factor. We observed that PGE2 inhibits IL-2 promoter transcription activity by interfering with signals activating the (-96 to ...
Grassilli E - - 1996
In vitro replicative senescence is characterized by an irreversible growth arrest due to the inability of the cell to induce some key regulators of cell cycle progression, such as c-fos and AP-1, in response to mitogenic stimuli. In vitro replicative senescence and in vivo aging have been assumed to be ...
Haque N S - - 1996
Expression of the mRNAs of the proto-oncogenes pp60c-src+, c-fos and jun D were studied using in-situ hybridisation histochemistry in the developing striatum and in striatal grafts. The temporal patterns of mRNA expression were monitored in the striatum of the normal developing rat from the 12th day of gestation (E12) to ...
Ding W Q - - 1996
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of ethanol exposure on the expression of fos and jun genes. Exposure of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells to ethanol for 2-4 days caused a dose-dependent increase in c-jun and junD mRNA levels, whereas mRNAs for c-fos, fosB and junB were ...
Hallahan D E - - 1996
PURPOSE: Ataxia telangiectasia (AT) is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with radiation sensitivity and an increased incidence of leukemia, lymphoma, and some solid tumors. After exposure to ionizing radiation, cells from patients with AT demonstrate an attenuated G1-phase checkpoint. Because c-jun is known to regulate, in part, the exit from ...
Nagler R M - - 1996
Radiotherapy administrated to patients with head and neck malignancies and prior to bone marrow transplantation often results in severe xerostomia. We evaluated the expression of early response proto-oncogenes (c-fos and jun B), tissue specific genes (proline rich protein [PRP] and kallikrein), and proteolysis linked utiquitin gene following exposure to 15 ...
Vaudano E - - 1996
Activated Schwann cells such as those in the distal stump of a cut peripheral nerve, or those cultured in vitro, develop a molecular phenotype very different from that of quiescent Schwann cells, and express high levels of the transcription factor c-jun. We studied the expression of c-jun messenger RNA, by ...
Keilmann A - - 1996
Between the 21st and 34th postnatal days, male rats received an acoustic stimulus every second day, and the expression of c-Fos and Jun B proteins was compared with rats that received only a single acoustic stimulus at postnatal day 34. For acoustic stimulation, 8-kHz pure-tone bursts (100 ms duration at ...
Mondino A - - 1996
Anergic CD4+ Th cells do not produce IL-2 when challenged with Ag-pulsed accessory cells because of a transcriptional defect. In this work, we report that these anergic T cells are defective in their ability to up-regulate protein binding and transactivation at two critical IL-2 DNA enhancer elements: NF-AT (nuclear factor ...
Syljuåsen R G - - 1996
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of radiation-induced expression of c-jun and c-fos in radiation-induced apoptosis of cells of the Jurkat T-cell line. Doses of 10-20 Gy caused a massive number of cells to undergo apoptosis within the first 24 h. This was accompanied by extensive ...
Tohkin M M Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, National Institute of Public Health, Tokyo, Japan. - - 1996
In Syrian hamster liver, treatment with 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) markedly induces an isozyme of cytochrome P450 (CYP), CYP2A8. To elucidate the mechanism of this induction, we studied the effect of okadaic acid (OA), an inhibitor of serine threonine protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, on 3-MC-induced CYP2A8 expression in primary cultures of ...
Wu B - - 1996
The c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes are involved in the regulation of gene expression, cell proliferation, differentiation and tumorigenesis. Embryogenesis, like tumorigenesis, involves dramatic cell growth, cleavage and differentiation processes. Activation of the c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes in sheep conceptuses during the period of rapid growth and elongation was examined using ...
Valerie K - - 1996
Short wavelength (254 nm) ultraviolet light (UVC) radiation was much more potent in activating transcription of human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV) reporter genes stably integrated into the genomes of human and monkey cells than ionizing radiation (IR) from a 137Cs source at similarly cytotoxic doses. A similar differential was also ...
Messersmith D J - - 1996
The DYNCRE3 site in the prodynorphin promoter is similar to both the AP-1 and cAMP-responsive element (CRE) consensus sequences. Because c-Jun is known to bind to both AP-1 and CRE sequences, we evaluated the potential role of this transcription factor at the DYNCRE3 site using transient transfection and gel mobility ...
Burleson F G - - 1996
In many organ/tissues rapid and transient increases in early-immediate gene responses, such as those that encode for the AP-1 family of transcription factors, occur in response to exogenous stimuli. Activation of AP-1, in turn, helps regulate the expression of genes involved in cell growth, inflammatory responses, and repair processes. In ...
Kim H J - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Bombesin, a gut tetradecapeptide homologous to the mammalian gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP), stimulates the growth of the human gastric cancer line SIIA through specific GRP receptors (GRP-Rs); the cellular mechanisms are not known. The purpose of our study was to (1) confirm functional GRP-R in SIIA and (2) determine whether ...
Brown P H - - 1996
We have previously described a dominant-negative mutant of cJun that lacks the transactivation domain (TAD) of cJun and prevents AP-1-mediated transcriptional activation by quenching endogenous Jun or Fos proteins. We now report the development of a panel of cJun mutants that have inactivating mutations in the TAD, DNA-binding domain (DBD), ...
Okada Y - - 1996
PURPOSE: While transformation of epithelial cells to a motile form is the first step in wound healing of the corneal epithelium, the migratory mechanism in these cells is not fully understood. We studied the expression of proto-oncogene mRNAs: c-fos; c-jun; fos B; jun B; jun D in injured corneal epithelium ...
Johnson R - - 1996
ras is an important oncogene in experimental animals and humans. In addition, activated ras proteins are potent inducers of the transcription factor AP-1, which is composed of heterodimeric complexes of Fos and Jun proteins. Together with the fact that deregulated expression of some AP-1 proteins can cause neoplastic transformation, this ...
Farrow K N - - 1996
The transcription and transformation activity of c-Jun is governed by a 27-amino acid regulatory motif, labeled the delta-domain, which is deleted in v-Jun. We have previously shown that c-Jun is a potent inhibitor of the rat prolactin (rPRL) promoter activity induced by either oncogenic Ras or phorbol esters. Here, we ...
Rutberg S E - - 1996
The conversion of cultured basal keratinocytes to the spinous and granular cell phenotypes seen in the skin can be stimulated by raising the levels of extracellular calcium. Here we show that AP-1 DNA binding activity is very low in primary cultures of basal keratinocytes, but that this activity is induced ...
Roebuck K A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Jun and Fos, components of the activating protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor, transactivate HIV-1 proviral expression. DESIGN: The effects of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) and Jun or Fos transcription factors on HIV-1 expression were investigated using a provirus clone and long terminal repeat (LTR)-reporter gene constructs. The ...
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