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Zhou J N - - 1997
The cyclin kinase inhibitor p16, encoded by the CDKN2A gene, suppresses the transformation of mouse embryonic fibroblasts by oncogenic RAS. In contrast, the c-JUN transcription factor (a major component of AP-1) has been suggested to be required for RAS transformation of rodent fibroblasts. The CDKN2A gene and the JUN proto-oncogene ...
Pahlavani M A - - 1997
The objective of this study was to determine if the increase in the induction of interleukin-2 (IL-2) expression with caloric restriction correlates with changes in binding activity of the IL-2-specific transcription factor NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) and/or the ubiquitous transcription factor AP-1 in T cells from male ...
Martin M - - 1997
Activation of the AP-1 transcription factor and TGF-beta1 growth factor by ionizing radiation was studied both in vivo in pig skin, and in vitro in human fibroblasts and keratinocytes. Three and 6 h after irradiation, the Fos and Jun proteins and their binding activity to an AP-1 consensus sequence were ...
Haataja L - - 1997
The small GTP-binding proteins Rac1 and Rac2 are critically important in regulating multiple signal transduction pathways in eukaryotic cells. Here we report the isolation of a novel third Rac family member, Rac3. Rac3 differs from Rac1/2 at its carboxyl-terminal end, a domain associated with subcellular localization and binding to specific ...
Ozaki T - - 1997
The c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions were measured by the RNase protection assay method following intraperitoneal injection of haloperidol, (D1 and D2 receptor antagonists), (-)-sulpiride, (D2 receptor antagonist), and SCH23390, (D1 receptor antagonist). Haloperidol and (-)-sulpiride increased their mRNA expressions in a dose-dependent manner, peaking at 30 min after injection ...
Rubio N - - 1997
The expression of the proto-oncogenes, c-fos and c-jun, in cultured mouse astrocytes and its induction by the potent astrocyte activator interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), were examined by Northern blot and flow cytometry. Both proto-oncogenes were induced in a dose-dependent manner, peaking around 100 U/ml of IFN-gamma. The kinetics of expression is very ...
Ferrara C - - 1997
Cholecystokinin (CCK) can stimulate secretion and DNA synthesis in pancreatic acinar cells. Hyperstimulation with cerulein (a CCK analogue) induces acute edematous pancreatitis. To study the effects of in vivo pancreatic stimulation with cerulein, we analyzed the expression of the protooncogenes jun, myc, and fos on the mRNA and protein levels. ...
Li D W - - 1997
The involvement of H2O2 in cataract development has been established in both human patients and animal models. At the molecular level H2O2 has been observed to cause damage to DNA, protein and lipid. To explore the oxidative stress response of the lens system at the gene expression level, we have ...
Won J S - - 1997
The effect of cycloheximide (CHX), a protein synthesis inhibitor, on the regulation of proenkephalin (proENK) and prodynorphin (proDYN) mRNA levels, proto-oncogenes, such as c-fos, 35-kDa fra and c-jun mRNA, and the levels of their products induced by kainic acid (KA) in rat hippocampus was studied. The proENK and proDYN mRNA ...
Hou X S - - 1997
We have characterized mutations in the Drosophila homolog of the mammalian proto-oncogene c-Jun gene (Djun). We demonstrate that DJUN in the embryo is a downstream target of the JNK signal transduction pathway during dorsal closure formation, and that the function of the JNK/DJUN pathway is to control the localized expression ...
Koe R C - - 1997
We have previously shown that in the rat osteoblastic osteosarcoma cell line-UMR 106-01-PTH induces maximal collagenase mRNA levels at 4 hours. Since this response to PTH requires de novo protein synthesis, it may be mediated by the combined temporal expression of members of the activator protein-1 (AP-1) gene family. We ...
Westermarck J - - 1997
Expression of interstitial collagenase (MMP-1) has been detected in stromal fibroblasts of various malignant tumors. Here, we have studied the effect of three structurally different ETS transcription factors (ETS-1, ERGB/Fli-1, and PU.1) on MMP-1 promoter activity in NIH3T3 fibroblasts. ETS-1 increased the activity of 3.8 kb MMP-1 promoter construct up ...
Degols G - - 1997
Exposure of mammalian cells to UV irradiation or alkylating agents leads to the activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 stress-activated protein kinase cascades, phosphorylation of c-Jun and ATF-2 bZIP transcription factors, and finally to selective induction of gene expression. This UV response is believed to be crucially important ...
Mettouchi A - - 1997
In cooperation with an activated ras oncogene, the site-dependent AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun transforms primary rat embryo fibroblasts (REF). Although signal transduction pathways leading to activation of c-Jun proteins have been extensively studied, little is known about c-Jun cellular targets. We identified c-Jun-upregulated cDNA clones homologous to the tenascin-C gene ...
Strahl B D - - 1997
FSH is an important regulator of mammalian gametogenesis and the female reproductive cycle. Although little is known about the transcriptional regulation of the beta-subunit (the rate-limiting subunit of FSH synthesis), sequence analysis of the ovine FSHbeta promoter has revealed a number of potential activating protein-1 (AP-1; Jun/Fos)-binding sites. To determine ...
Shino Y - - 1997
Although human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) E6 protein has a transcription-modulatory activity for a wide variety of viral promoters, a cellular target for this activity of E6 has not yet been identified. In this study, using differential hybridization, we identified a mouse fibronectin (FN) gene as a putative cellular target ...
Davis A F - - 1997
PO-B was originally characterized as a transcriptional regulatory factor of the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene; however, it has become increasingly clear that this protein may be active in tissues outside the pituitary, since it is present in diverse cell types, including differentiated HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells. We previously showed that PO-B ...
Gass P - - 1997
fos and jun belong to multigene families coding for transcription factors. These cellular immediate-early genes (IEGs) are thought to be involved in coupling neuronal excitation to changes of target gene expression. Immunocytochemistry with specific antisera was used to assess regional levels of five IEG-encoded proteins (c-FOS, FOS B, c-JUN, JUN ...
Lacroix M - - 1997
Breast cancer cells (BCC) have calcitonin (CT) receptors, yet the action of the hormone on these cells is largely unknown. We found that CT produced a strong and transient time- and dose-dependent increase in c-fos mRNA in BCC lines. This event was prevented by a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, ...
Sekhar K R - - 1997
The gene GLCLC encodes the catalytic subunit of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (glutamate-cysteine ligase E.C. 6.3.2.2), the rate limiting enzyme for glutathione synthesis. When HepG2 cells were exposed to the serine/threonine phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid (OA), increased expression of GLCLC was observed, as was the development of resistance to xenobiotic induced GSH ...
Schwarzschild M A - - 1997
Drugs that stimulate dopamine and glutamate receptors have been shown to induce the expression of AP-1 proteins (such as c-Fos and c-Jun) in the striatum and to induce binding of these proteins to AP-1 sites on DNA, leading to the hypothesis that AP-1-mediated transcription contributes to the long-term effects of ...
Doyle G A - - 1997
In this report, we demonstrate that the AP-1 site and a distal promoter element regulate transcriptional induction of collagenase-1 during monocytic differentiation. Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase expression constructs containing regions of the human collagenase-1 promoter were stably or transiently transfected into U937 cells, and reporter activity was assessed at various times after ...
Pollack P S - - 1997
The proto-oncogenes c-jun and junD are closely related transcriptional factors with opposing actions on cell growth and division. Expression of c-jun rapidly increases as cells enter the cell cycle. Levels of c-jun are also increased in the early stages of experimental cardiac hypertrophy and failure but expression decreases with time. ...
Lohman F P - - 1997
In stratifying cultures of human keratinocytes, expression of the proto-oncoprotein c-JUN and the small proline rich 2 (SPRR2) protein, a precursor of the cornified cell envelope, are inversely related. Whereas c-JUN is typically found in basal proliferating cells, SPRR2 is restricted to suprabasal differentiating layers. Malignant keratinocytes (derived from squamous ...
Fujii M - - 1997
v-Rel is a transforming protein of the reticuloendotheliosis virus, and is a transcription factor regulating various cellular genes. We found that v-Rel activates the promoter of the proto-oncogene c-jun in a transient transfection assay system. Moreover, the expression of endogenous c-jun was augmented in cells expressing exogenous v-Rel, but not ...
Iwata A - - 1997
We have reported that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) prevents retrograde degeneration of thalamic neurons after middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. To identify the protective mechanism of bFGF, we examined bFGF mRNA expression in a model of transient focal ischemia with in situ hybridization. Compared to c-fos, c-jun, and hsp ...
Karin M - - 1997
AP-1 (activating protein-1) is a collective term referring to dimeric transcription factors composed of Jun, Fos or ATF (activating transcription factor) subunits that bind to a common DNA site, the AP-1-binding site. As the complexity of our knowledge of AP-1 factors has increased, our understanding of their physiological function has ...
Höcker M - - 1997
The histidine decarboxylase (HDC) gene is regulated transcriptionally by gastrin and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) through a protein kinase C (PKC)-related pathway. To determine the role of AP-1 (fos/jun) in the regulation of the HDC promoter, gastric cancer (AGS-B) cells stably expressing the cholecystokinin-B/ gastrin receptor and the 1.8-kb human ...
Ho T Y - - 1997
The hematotoxicity of benzene, a human leukemogen, has been postulated to be mediated by reactive metabolites and involve cell damage caused by reactive oxygen species. Because expression of the transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB is sensitive to the redox state in eukaryotic cells, the DNA binding activity of AP-1 and ...
Shiozawa S - - 1997
Features characteristic to rheumatoid joint destruction, including synovial overgrowth and bone resorption, are experimentally produced by augmenting c-fos gene expression. We tested here if arthritic joint destruction was inhibited upon inactivation of the c-fos/AP-1 signal by administering short double-stranded AP-1 DNA oligonucleotides into mice with collagen-induced arthritis to compete for ...
Jariel-Encontre I - - 1997
c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes have originally been found in mutated forms in murine and avian oncogenic retroviruses. They both define multigenic families of transcription factors. Both c-jun and c-fos proteins are metabolically unstable. In vivo and in vitro work by various groups suggests that multiple proteolytic machineries, including the lysosomes, ...
Grimm R - - 1997
Following training of rats on a footshock-motivated brightness discrimination task in a Y-maze, different sets of transcription factor encoding immediate early genes (IEGs) were induced in anatomically distinct brain regions. As revealed by Northern analysis, mRNA levels of c-fos, jun-B and zif/268 increased in the hippocampus, while the expression of ...
Lallemand D - - 1997
We have analysed the different Jun and Fos proteins as NIH3T3 fibroblasts pass from exponential growth to quiescence and during the first 24 h after their re-entry into the cell cycle following serum stimulation. We show that these proteins can be divided into 3 subgroups based on their pattern of ...
Francastel C - - 1997
We have reported previously that antisense c-jun overcomes a block of Friend erythroleukemia cells to differentiation suggesting that the factor c-Jun may be an important negative regulator of erythroid differentiation. The recently described erythroid transcription factor NF-E2 plays an important role in the regulation of the transcription of globin genes ...
Walton M - - 1997
Ref-1 is a bifunctional protein that has been implicated in the transcriptional regulation of AP-1 elements and in DNA repair. To investigate whether Ref-1 is involved in programmed cell death its expression was measured in the 21-day-old rat brain at various time-points following a moderate unilateral hypoxic-ischemic (HI) insult. The ...
Xavier F - - 1997
Expression of c-fos and jun protooncogenes was analyzed in the ovine extraembryonic trophoblast from days 14-18 of gestation, using Northern and Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. This study was carried out in relation to the early implantation process and the expression of interferon-tau, which is secreted in large amounts for a ...
Testolin L - - 1997
In order to establish what role members of the activating protein-1 (AP-1) gene families, i.e., c-fos, c-jun, junB, and junD, play in thymic apoptosis, we have analyzed changes in their expression in response to three different agents: a glucocorticoid analog dexamethasone, an inhibitor of topoisomerase II teniposide VM26, and gamma ...
Fu W - - 1997
The human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1), an etiologic agent for adult T-cell leukemia, is strongly associated with tropical spastic paraparesis, a chronic neurological disease. The HTLV-1 genome encodes a protein, tax1, an autoregulator of enhanced viral RNA transcription, that also transactivates/represses certain cellular gene promoters. Enkephalins are opioid ...
Ozolins T R - - 1997
The transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1), composed of the Fos and Jun families of proto-oncogenes, is induced in response to extracellular signals as part of an immediate-early gene response. We hypothesize that teratogens such as oxidative stress induce AP-1 activity in the rat conceptus and that this AP-1 response may ...
Ainbinder E - - 1997
Induction of murine glutathione-S-transferase (GST) Ya gene expression by a variety of chemical agents is mediated by a regulatory element, EpRE, composed of an Ets and two adjacent activator protein-1 (AP-1)-like sites and activated by the Fos/Jun heterodimeric complex (AP-1). The mechanism of this induction was examined in the present ...
Whisler R L - - 1997
The activation of transcriptional factor c-Fos/c-Jun AP-1 is essential for normal T cell responsiveness and is often impaired in T cells during aging. In the present study, we investigated whether aberrancies in the regulation of c-fos/c-jun at the mRNA or protein level might underlie the age-associated impairments of AP-1 in ...
Pongubala J M - - 1997
The transcription factor PU.1 is necessary for the development of multiple hematopoietic lineages and contributes to the activity of the immunoglobulin kappa 3' enhancer. A variety of proteins bind to the 3' enhancer (PU.1, PIP, ATF1, CREM, c-Fos, c-Jun, and E2A), but the mechanism of 3'-enhancer activity and the proteins ...
Garmyn M - - 1997
Irradiation of human keratinocytes with UVB results in the early induction of proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun, members of the AP-1 protein family of transcription factors. To explore a possible involvement of oxidant stress in triggering this UVB-induced early gene response, we investigated in human keratinocytes the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), ...
Peng J - - 1997
Okadaic acid (OA), a specific inhibitor of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A, is also a potent mouse skin tumor promoter. The effects of OA on regulation of c-jun/activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcriptional activation were investigated in mouse keratinocytes. AP-1 DNA binding to the jun 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-response element (TGACATCA) as determined by gel ...
Desjardins S - - 1997
In the present study the effect of aging on the basal expression of three different immediate early genes (IEGs) was investigated. The protein products of c-fos, c-jun, and egr-1 genes were visualized immunohistochemically in the rat hippocampus of young adult (4-month-old) and old rats (20-month-old). Astrocytes were quantified by GFAp ...
Bandyopadhyay R S - - 1997
The proto-oncogene c-jun, a member of the family of immediate-early genes, is transcriptionally induced in different cell types by a variety of stimuli, including mitogens, tumor promoters, growth factors. We show here that the protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine, which inhibits both the serine-threonine and tyrosine specific protein kinases, also causes ...
Chen H - - 1997
A semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was used to examine ICE, c-fos, jun D and zif 268 mRNA expression in the aortic and renal artery of 12-month old SHRs and wistar rats. Using this assay system, it was observed that the levels of aortic and renal artery expression ...
Jarvis J N - - 1997
Fetal and neonatal lymphocytes are relatively resistant to activation and cytokine production when stimulated either via their T-cell antigen receptors or lectins. The molecular mechanism(s) responsible for this phenomenon have not been clearly elucidated. We have hypothesized that such defects in fetal/neonatal T-cell activation may be due to lack of ...
Rao A - - 1997
As targets for the immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporin A and FK506, transcription factors of the NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T cells) family have been the focus of much attention. NFAT proteins, which are expressed in most immune-system cells, play a pivotal role in the transcription of cytokine genes and other ...
Rösl F - - 1997
Considering the involvement of a redox-regulatory pathway in the expression of human papillomaviruses (HPVs), HPV type 16 (HPV-16)-immortalized human keratinocytes were treated with the antioxidant pyrrolidine-dithiocarbamate (PDTC). PDTC induces elevated binding of the transcription factor AP-1 to its cognate recognition site within the viral regulatory region. Despite of increased AP-1 ...
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