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Won J S - - 1998
The effect of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) on proenkephalin (proENK) mRNA expression in primary cultured rat astrocytes was studied. The proENK mRNA level was significantly increased about 3.3-fold 4 h after PGE2 (10 microM) treatment and this increase was potentiated by the pre-treatment with cycloheximide (CHX; 15 microM) about 1.7-fold as ...
Rokutan K - - 1998
The aim of this study was to reveal the role of intracellular glutathione in the oxidative stress responses of gastric epithelial cells. Metabolic radiolabeling with L-[35S]methionine and analysis of synthesized proteins by gel electrophoresis and fluorography showed that upon exposure to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or diamide, primary cultures of guinea-pig ...
Sark M W - - 1998
The 173-base pair proximal promoter of SPRR1A is necessary and sufficient for regulated expression in primary keratinocytes induced to differentiate either by increasing extracellular calcium or by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) treatment. Whereas calcium-induced expression depends both on an AP-1 and an Ets binding site in this region, responsiveness to TPA resides ...
Li Q - - 1998
ERCC-1 is a critical gene within the nucleotide excision repair pathway, and cells without a functional ERCC-1 do not perform cisplatin-DNA adduct repair. We therefore investigated the cisplatin effect on ERCC-1 mRNA expression in vitro. In response to a 1-h cisplatin exposure, A2780/CP70 human ovarian cancer cells showed a 6-fold ...
Mietus-Snyder M - - 1998
Reactive oxygen species generated by treatment of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) with either phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate or with the combination of H2O2 and vanadate strongly induce expression of the class A scavenger receptor (SR-A) gene. In the current studies, cis-acting elements in the proximal 245 bp of the SR-A promoter ...
Chang J H - - 1998
The Rho family of small GTP-binding proteins is involved in the regulation of cytoskeletal structure, gene transcription, specific cell fate development, and transformation. We demonstrate in this report that overexpression of an activated form of Rho enhances AP-1 activity in Jurkat T cells in the presence of phorbol myristate acetate ...
Boldogh I - - 1998
O6-Alkylguanine is the major mutagenic and cytotoxic DNA lesion induced by alkylating agents, including 2-chloroethyl-N-nitrosourea-based antitumor drugs. This lesion is repaired by O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), the expression of which is highly variable in both normal tissues and in tumor cells. The promoter of the human MGMT gene was found to ...
Shau H - - 1998
Thioredoxin peroxidase-1 (TxP-1), originally cloned as natural killer enhancing factor-B, belongs to a highly conserved antioxidant family. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) activates the expression of activator protein-1 (AP-1) responsive genes. We show here that over-expression of TxP-1 blocks TNF-induced AP-1 activation in endothelial ECV304 cells, which was demonstrated by three ...
Zhang Y - - 1998
Smad proteins transduce signals for transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-related factors. Smad proteins activated by receptors for TGF-beta form complexes with Smad4. These complexes are translocated into the nucleus and regulate ligand-induced gene transcription. 12-O-tetradecanoyl-13-acetate (TPA)-responsive gene promoter elements (TREs) are involved in the transcriptional responses of several genes to TGF-beta ...
Mukai K - - 1998
To elucidate the mechanism(s) by which adrenocorticotropic hormone (corticotropin) stimulates transcription of the steroid 11beta-monooxygenase gene (CYP11B1) in adrenocortical cells, the 5'-flanking region of rat CYP11B1 was analyzed using transient transfection and protein-binding assays with mouse adrenocortical Y1 cells. The results indicated that both basal and corticotropin-induced transcriptional activation of ...
Hussain S - - 1998
c-jun proto-oncogene expression is extinguished in cells transformed by v-Jun; however, the mechanistic basis of this phenomenon has not been elucidated. c-jun mRNA levels are greatly reduced in v-Jun-transformed cells, and we show that this reduction is associated with a similar decrease in the rate of c-jun transcription. Transcriptional down-regulation ...
Yu W - - 1998
We have demonstrated that RRR-alpha-tocopheryl succinate (10 microg/mL vitamin E succinate (VES) treatment of estrogen receptor-negative MDA-MB-435 human breast cancer cells induces 9, 19, 51, and 72% apoptotic cells on days 1-4, respectively, after treatment, which involves transforming growth factor-beta signaling. Here, we show that VES-triggered apoptosis of MDA-MB-435 cells ...
Tamura K - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Renin is a rate-limiting enzyme for activity of the circulating renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and expression of the renin gene is regulated by a variety of stimuli. In this study, we examined a possible role of c-Jun in the transcription of renin gene. METHODS: The renin promoter, chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT), ...
Kakutani T - - 1998
5-Fluoro-2' -deoxyuridine (FdUrd)-induced death of mouse mammary FM3A cells was found to be associated with an increased expression of cellular c-jun and c-fos genes. The increase in these gene expressions was mediated through the protein kinase C-dependent pathway. Blockage of the expressions with the use of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide for c-jun ...
Walton M - - 1998
A unilateral hypoxic-ischemic (HI) episode in immature rat brain was used to investigate the role of the immediate early genes c-fos and c-jun in delayed neuronal death and survival. This HI paradigm results in an apoptotic cell death in selectively vulnerable areas, in particular the hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cell layer. ...
Morales-Montor J - - 1998
Chronic infection with Taenia crassiceps cysticerci produces a 200-fold increase in serum estradiol levels in male mice. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression pattern of c-fos and c-jun, two estradiol-regulated genes, as well as that of p53 and bcl2 in the testes, spleen, and thymus of ...
Salvat C - - 1998
c-Fos and c-Jun proteins are highly unstable transcription factors that heterodimerize within the AP-1 transcription complex. Their accumulation is transiently induced at the beginning of the G0-to-S phase transition in quiescent cells stimulated for growth. To address the mechanisms responsible for rapid clearance of c-Fos and c-Jun proteins under these ...
Gum R - - 1998
The urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (u-PAR) has been implicated in tumor progression, and previous studies have shown that the expression of this gene is strongly up-regulated by PMA. Although the signaling mechanism by which PMA modulates u-PAR expression is not known, the effect of this phorbol ester on the expression ...
Asghari V - - 1998
Lithium and sodium valproate (VPA) are effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder (BD) and may function through the regulation of signal transduction pathways and transcription factors such as c-fos and c-Jun, which in turn results to changes in gene expression. The long-term efficacy of lithium and VPA in BD ...
Hermann D M - - 1998
The relationship between gene responses and cumulative ischemic damage, as induced by two 10 min episodes of unilateral common carotid artery (CCA) occlusion separated by 5 h, was examined by in situ hybridization histochemistry and terminal transferase biotinylated-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) in the gerbil brain. Intense cell death was ...
Oyama M - - 1998
In this study we assessed the expression and localization of the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun in normal bone so as to gain more insight into the role of these proto-oncogenes in bone tissue. Femurs of 4-week-old rats were examined by non-radioactive in situ hybridization. cDNA probes for c-fos- and c-jun-labeled ...
Ljungdahl S - - 1998
Overexpression of the c-Jun transcription factor in rodent fibroblasts may result in cell transformation or in apoptosis. The mechanisms whereby c-Jun induces transformation are unknown. We show here that the expression of high-molecular weight tropomyosin-2 (TM-2) is down-regulated in c-jun-transformed FR3T3 rat fibroblasts. However, down-regulation did not seem to be ...
Moellenhoff E - - 1998
In the present study, we investigated the expression pattern of the inducible transcription factors (ITF) c-Fos, c-Jun, JunB, JunD, and Krox-24 following intracerebroventricular injections of hyperosmolar saline (0.2, 0.3, and 0.6 M NaCl) and its mediation via angiotensin and/or muscarinic receptors. c-Fos, c-Jun, and Krox-24 were differentially expressed in organum ...
Shimokawa N - - 1998
Evidence has accumulated that an increase in extracellular protons stimulates the transmembrane mechanism to induce various intracellular responses, such as the expression of c-fos and c-jun. In the present study, we aimed to obtain evidence that an increase in extracellular protons induces expression of c-fos/c-jun mRNA in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells ...
Pourquier P - - 1998
We studied the effect of doxorubicin on the expression of c-myc and c-jun in the rat glioblastoma cell line C6 and its doxorubicin-resistant variant C6 0.5, at equitoxic exposures. For quantitation, the mRNA levels of these oncogenes were related to those of two domestic genes, beta-actin and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase. ...
Beer J - - 1998
The present study has investigated the congruence of mRNA induction and protein expression of inducible transcription factors (ITFs). The patterns of c-jun, junB, c-fos, fra-1 and fra-2 mRNAs were studied by radioactive and non-radioactive in situ hybridization in the adult rat brain following kainate-induced seizure activity and axotomy. In the ...
Wilmer W A - - 1998
In these studies, we determined whether there are receptors for the anaphylatoxin C5a (C5aR, CD88) on human mesangial cells (HMC). To prepare Abs to C5aR, we first synthesized an immunogenic peptide spanning residues 8-32 of the molecule, and this peptide was used to immunize rabbits. Anti-C5aR antiserum, but not preimmune ...
Franchi A - - 1998
The products of c-fos and c-jun proto-oncogenes form the heterodimeric complex AP-1 (activator protein 1), which play an important part in the control of bone cell proliferation and differentiation and in the development of bone tumours. We examined the expression of c-fos and c-jun in a series of 52 primary ...
Li J J - - 1998
AP-1 transactivation appears to be required for mouse JB6 cell neoplastic transformation induced by the tumor promoter TPA or epidermal growth factor (EGF). Exposure to AP-1 transrepressing retinoids and glucocorticoids and expression of a dominant negative c-jun (TAM67) blocked tumor promoter-induced AP-1 transactivation and neoplastic transformation. The aim of the ...
Xia Y - - 1998
Activation of cytochrome c (cyt c) transcription in electrically stimulated neonatal rat cardiac myocytes is preceded by transient expression of the activating protein-1 family of transcription factors, c-Fos, c-Jun, and JunB, as well as nuclear respiratory factor-1 (NRF-1). Mutations in either the NRF-1 or in the two cyclic AMP response ...
Salmi A - - 1998
We studied cellular c-jun messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in the human endometrium during the menstrual cycle (n = 47) and in human decidua during pregnancy (n = 8), by using digoxigenin-labeled RNA probes in in situ hybridization. The same tissue samples were also analyzed for c-Jun protein and the proliferation ...
Kralova J - - 1998
v-rel is the oncogenic member of the Rel/NF-kappaB family of transcription factors. The mechanism by which v-Rel induces transformation of avian lymphoid cells and fibroblasts is not precisely known. However, most models propose that v-rel disrupts the normal transcriptional regulatory network. In this study we evaluated the role of AP-1 ...
Won J S - - 1998
The effect of L-arginine (L-ARG), a nitric oxide donor, or Nomega-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME), a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, on the regulation of kainic acid (KA)-induced proenkephalin (proENK) and prodynorphin (proDYN) mRNA expressions in rat hippocampus was studied. The proENK and proDYN mRNA levels were markedly increased 6 h after KA (10 ...
Thomas R S - - 1998
A distinct, nonfocal expression pattern was observed for glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (rGSTP1-1) in rats exposed to either hexachloro-(HCB) or pentachlorobenzene (PeCB). The nonfocal expression was localized to the centrilobular region with the most intense staining nearest the central vein. A Western blot analysis revealed a 5- and 15-fold induction of ...
Igaz P - - 1998
The transcription factor junB belongs to the jun family of protooncogenes. The appearance of junB mRNA in hepatic cells is an extremely early and sensitive marker of the action of proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6. In this study, a competitive reverse transcription (RT)-PCR assay has been developed that is suitable for ...
McGahan L - - 1998
Alterations in levels of the immediate-early gene (IEG) proteins Fos, FosB, DeltaFosB, Jun, JunB, JunD, and NGFI-A were investigated in rat hippocampus by immunohistochemistry 2, 12, 24, and 48 h after forebrain ischemia. Transient global ischemia of 20 min, produced by four vessel occlusion (4-VO), elicited different patterns of IEG ...
Zagariya A - - 1998
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) is a key regulatory cytokine whose expression is controlled by a complex set of stimuli in a variety of cell types. Previously, we found that the monocyte/macrophage-enriched nuclear transcription factor C/EBPbeta played an important role in the regulation of the TNF alpha gene in ...
Luo L G - - 1998
To explore whether the protooncogenes, c-fos/c-jun, might be involved in regulating the effect of glucocorticoids on thyrotropin-releasing hormone in fetal rat diencephalic neurons, their localization and transcriptional activity were investigated using double-labeled in situ hybridization, Northern blot and nuclear run-on assays. The results showed that TRH mRNA was coexpressed with ...
Uría J A - - 1998
Collagenase-3 (MMP-13) is a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) originally identified in breast carcinomas which is also produced at significant levels during fetal ossification and in arthritic processes. In this work, we have found that transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1), a growth factor widely assumed to be inhibitory for MMPs, strongly induces ...
van Dam H - - 1998
Cellular transformation can be achieved by constitutive activation of growth-regulatory signaling pathways, which, in turn, activate nuclear transcription factors thought to execute a transformation-specific program of gene expression. Members of the dimeric transcription factor family AP-1 are at the receiving end of such growth-regulating pathways and the viral form of ...
Nead M A - - 1998
The retinoblastoma protein (Rb) acts as a critical cell-cycle regulator and loss of Rb function is associated with a variety of human cancer types. Here we report that Rb binds to members of the AP-1 family of transcription factors, including c-Jun, and stimulates c-Jun transcriptional activity from an AP-1 consensus ...
Rosson D - - 1998
The effect of modulating AP-1 activity on the levels of induced erythroid and megakaryocytic differentiation of the erythroleukemia cell line K562 was examined. Cells were stably transfected with expression vectors encoding either a tetracycline-responsive dominant negative c-Jun (JunDN) or a hybrid Raf protein inducible by estrogen. Down-regulation of AP-1 activity ...
Wang Y - - 1998
We reported the inhibitory effects of genistein, an inhibitor of tyrosine protein kinase (TPK), on ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced expression of c-fos and c-jun in SENCAR mouse skin. UVB irradiation substantially increased transcript levels of c-fos and c-jun mRNA in mouse skin. Topical application of genistein 60 min before UVB radiation ...
Geimonen E - - 1998
Just previous to the onset of parturition, a number of genes such as the one that codes for connexin-43 (Cx43) gap junction protein are induced in the myometrium. We have shown previously that activation of protein kinase C in human myometrial cultured cells leads to an up-regulation of cx43 transcription ...
Chen G - - 1998
Lithium, a simple monovalent cation, is the mainstay in the treatment of manic-depressive illness, but despite extensive research, its mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. Because lithium requires chronic administration for therapeutic efficacy and because its beneficial effects last well beyond its discontinuation, it has been postulated that lithium ...
Matsumoto K - - 1998
We have analysed the expression patterns of all the known fos/jun family genes, which encode the components of the transcription factor AP-1, in the chicken embryonic digestive tract that develops into the esophagus, proventriculus, gizzard, small intestine, ceca and large intestine. From soon after formation of the tubular structure, each ...
Servidei T - - 1998
The src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase SHP-2 has been implicated as an important positive regulator of several mitogenic signaling pathways. SHP-2 has more recently been shown to be tyrosine phosphorylated and recruited to the gp130 component of the ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) receptor complex upon stimulation with CNTF. ...
Ghahary A - - 1998
Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) belongs to a family of multifunctional modulatory proteins involved in cell growth, differentiation, development, and wound healing. Although the biological activities of TGF-beta1 have been extensively studied, its regulation remains obscure. Here we report the effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) on the expression of ...
Won J S - - 1998
The effect of phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) on the regulation of proenkephalin (proENK) mRNA level, ENKCRE-2 or AP-1 DNA binding activity, and the mRNA and protein levels of proto-oncogenes (c-fos, fra-1, and c-jun) in primary cultured rat astrocytes were studied. The proENK mRNA level was elevated at 4 h after the treatment ...
Wakisaka S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of joints, and excessive proliferation of and proinflammatory cytokine and collagenase production by synovial cells are a principal cause of joint destruction. Recent studies have revealed that c-jun and jun B promote growth of fibroblasts, whereas jun D suppresses fibroblast proliferation ...
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