Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 1765
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Tugores A - - 2001
Exon trapping and cDNA selection procedures were used to search for novel genes at human chromosome 11p13, a region previously associated with loss of heterozygosity in epithelial carcinomas. Using these approaches, we found the ESE-2 and ESE-3 genes, coding for ETS domain-containing transcription factors. These genes lie in close proximity ...
Pearse D - - 2001
Stimulation of sensory C-fibres produces extensive expression of the Fos, Jun and Krox families of inducible transcription factors (ITFs) in many nociceptive CNS areas [28]. In the hippocampus, however, c-Fos is only weakly induced by such stimulation, and expression of the other ITFs has not been studied. Here we examine ...
Casanovas A - - 2001
Motoneurons respond to peripheral nerve transection by either regenerative or degenerative events depending on their state of maturation. Since the expression of c-Jun has been involved in the early signalling of the regenerative process that follows nerve transection in adults, we have investigated c-Jun on rat neonatal axotomized motoneurons during ...
Abounader R - - 2001
Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) and its tyrosine kinase receptor c-met are developmentally expressed, neuroprotective, and tumorigenic within the CNS. In the present study SF/HGF is shown to induce the expression of c-met in two human glioblastoma cell lines, U-373 MG and T98G, and the signaling pathways involved in this ...
Robinson C M - - 2001
Our study examined the expression of AP-1 family members in keratinocytes derived from the rat-4NQO model of oral carcinogenesis in which extremes of epithelial differentiation and tumour cell aggressiveness are evident. The constitutive expression of JunB was diminished in the undifferentiated, more aggressive tumour phenotype compared with the well-differentiated, less ...
Albrektsen T - - 2001
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are a new class of compounds that improve the insulin sensitivity in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) as well as in rodent models of NIDDM. These compounds act as high-affinity ligands for a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily PPARgamma, which has been shown to play ...
Hanley K - - 2001
Lipids that are synthesized de novo in the epidermis, including fatty acids, oxysterols, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), and farnesol, can regulate the differentiation of normal human keratinocytes (NHK). Cholesterol sulfate (CS), an epidermal lipid that is produced in the upper nucleated layers of the epidermis coincident with terminal differentiation, has been shown ...
Perez S - - 2001
Activating Transcription Factor 3 (ATF3) is a member of the bZip family of transcription factors. Previous studies in mammalian cells suggested that like other bZip family members e.g. Jun and Fos, ATF3 might play a role in the control of cell proliferation and participate in oncogenic transformation. To investigate this ...
Shukla A - - 2001
Crystalline silica has been classified as a group 1 human carcinogen in the lung. However, its mechanisms of action on pulmonary epithelial cells which give rise to lung cancers are unclear. Using a nontransformed alveolar type II epithelial cell line (C10), we show that alpha-quartz silica causes persistent dose-related increases ...
Gupta S - - 2001
Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme in the neutral pathway of bile acid biosynthesis, is feedback-inhibited at the transcriptional level by hydrophobic bile acids. Recent studies show that bile acids are physiological ligands for farnesoid X receptor (FXR). Activated FXR indirectly represses CYP7A1 transcription through induction of small heterodimer protein ...
Feng D Y - - 2001
AIM: To study the effect of phosphorylation of MAPK and Stat3 and the expression of c-fos and c-jun proteins on hepatocellular carcinogenesis and their clinical significance. METHODS: SP immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of p42/44(MAPK), p-Stat3, c-fos and c-jun proteins in 55 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and their surrounding ...
Albarenque S M - - 2001
The expression of apoptosis-related genes mRNAs was examined in the dorsal skin of hypotrichotic WBN/ILA-Ht rats topically applied with T-2 toxin (10 microl of 0.5 microg/microl solution). The total mRNA was obtained from skin biopsy samples from each rat at 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours after T-2 toxin treatment ...
Yazgan O - - 2001
The role of the Jun family of proteins (c-Jun, JunB, and JunD) in oncogenesis has been extensively studied, but the distinct biological roles of each Jun protein is not known. For example, whereas c-Jun can transform primary cells in cooperation with an activated ras oncogene, JunD antagonizes ras-mediated transformation. We ...
Brennan P - - 2001
Latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) is a signaling molecule expressed by Epstein-Barr virus during latency. LMP1 is essential for B-cell immortalization by Epstein-Barr virus and transforms rodent fibroblasts. It activates many distinct signaling pathways including the transcription factors NFkappaB and AP1. We have generated a mutant of LMP1 with four point ...
Cohen S B - - 2001
Line 10T1/2 mouse fibroblast overexpressing the v-Jun oncoprotein were morphologically altered, grew into multilayered foci in culture and formed colonies when suspended in agar. The growth rate of the v-Jun-transformed 10T1/2 cells was not changed significantly from that of the untransformed parental cells, but the saturation density of the transformed ...
Shen C H - - 2001
Induction of germline (GL) epsilon transcripts, an essential step preceding Ig isotype switching to IgE, requires activation of transcription factors by IL-4 and a B cell activator, e.g., CD40 ligand or LPS. We demonstrate that AP-1 (Fos and Jun), induced transiently by CD40 ligand or LPS, binds a DNA element ...
Pearse D D - - 2001
Expression of the inducible transcription factors Jun, Fos and Krox is commonly used to map neurons in the brain that are activated by sensory inputs. However, some neurons known to be electrically excited by such inputs do not always express these factors. In particular, stimulation of hindlimb sensory nerve C-fibers ...
Wakamatsu Y - - 2001
Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells undergo neuronal differentiation in response to nerve growth factor (NGF). The differentiation involves protein kinase cascades that include the kinases MEK and ERK, as well as activation of the transcription factors c-Jun and c-Fos. We show here, that exposure of PC12 cells to mannosylerythritol lipid (MEL), ...
Nedelcheva M - - 2001
Mutations in the tumour suppressor gene l(2)gl cause formation of brain and imaginal disc tumours. The product of this gene was suggested to be a part of an intercellular communication system, regulating cell growth and differentiation. Oncogenic activation of many signalling pathways, involved in similar processes, result in increased activity ...
Mitchell J A - - 2001
Labor is associated with a dramatic increase in the myometrial expression of connexin43 (Cx43) which is thought to mediate myocyte contractile coupling. The transcription factor c-fos is also dramatically increased prior to the onset of labor and is therefore a potential regulator of Cx43. The promoter region of Cx43 contains ...
Kim S A - - 2001
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) is a homotrimeric glycoprotein synthesized in a variety of normal and transformed cells, and secreted into the extracellular matrix. Based on its known effects on the tumor and endothelial cells, TSP-1 was implicated in the tumor growth and metastasis. In the present study, we have demonstrated the expression ...
Pineda-Molina E - - 2001
Both oxidative and nitrosative stresses may result in the inactivation of the binding to DNA of redox-sensitive transcription factors. The underlying biochemical mechanisms may involve oxidation or nitrosylation of critical thiols within the DNA binding domains of these proteins. However, S-glutahionylation, the formation of a mixed disulfide between glutathione and ...
Yamashita S - - 2001
Quantitative and cell-type-specific expression of c-fos and c-jun genes after 17beta-estradiol (E2) stimulation, was investigated in the uteri of neonatally diethylstilbestrol (DES)-exposed and ovariectomized adult mice (neoDES-mice), employing Northern blot analysis, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. The c-fos mRNA level before E2 injection (at baseline) was about 2.2-fold higher in ...
Tawadros T - - 2001
Proper function of the wall of bladder requires gap junctional communication for coordinating the responses of smooth muscle (SMC) and urothelial cells exposed to urine pressure. In the rat bladder, Cx43 is expressed by SMC and urothelial cells, whereas Cx26 expression is restricted to the epithelium. We used a model ...
Aguirre A - - 2000
The expression of the chick kainate-binding protein, a member of the ionotropic glutamate receptor family, is restricted to the cerebellum, specifically to Bergmann glia. Glutamate induces a membrane to nuclei signaling involved in gene expression regulation. Exposure of cultured chick Bergmann glia cells to glutamate leads to an increase in ...
Zhou F - - 2000
Because of their ability to induce lymphoid cell apoptosis, glucocorticoids have been used for decades to treat certain human leukemias and lymphomas. Studies presented in this paper complement our previous work demonstrating that sustained induction of the proto-oncogene c-jun plays a crucial role in the glucocorticoid-induced apoptotic pathway in CEM ...
Won J S - - 2000
In rat astrocytes, forskolin (FSK; 5 microM) and phorbol-12-myristic-13-acetate (PMA; 2.5 microM) increase the proenkephalin (proENK) mRNA level via different pathways. FSK-induced proENK mRNA expression is independent of protein de novo synthesis, and well correlated with CREB phosphorylation. This is in contrast to PMA-induced proENK mRNA expression that is dependent ...
Palcy S - - 2000
In osteoblastic cells, transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) has been found to regulate the expression of a variety of proto-oncogenes including c-fos, c-jun, and junB. The c-fos in particular has been implicated in the mitogenic effect of TGF-beta1. Here, we examined the role of these early response genes in the ...
Damodaran T V - - 2000
Diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate (DFP) produces organophosphorus-ester induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN) in the hen, human and other sensitive species. We studied the effect of a single dose of DFP (1.7 mg/kg/sc) on the expression of c-jun, which is one of the heterodimerizing ITFs (Inducible Transcriptional Factors) of the AP-1 family. The hens ...
Stanislaus D - - 2000
Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) treatment increases bone mass in humans and animals. Although intact human PTH has 84 amino acids, the N-terminal 31 to 38 amino acids are sufficient for bone anabolic activity in vivo. Prior studies have evaluated hPTH(1-34) and hPTH(1-84) with respect to bone mass increase and quality, ...
Szabowski A - - 2000
Interactions between mesenchymal and epithelial cells are responsible for organogenesis and tissue homeostasis. This mutual cross-talk involves cell surface proteins and soluble factors, which are mostly the result of regulated transcription. To elucidate dimer-specific functions of the AP-1 family of transcription factors, we reconstituted skin by combining primary human keratinocytes ...
Jörnvall H - - 2001
The signaling capabilities and biological functions of activin receptor-like kinase 7 (ALK7), a type I receptor serine/threonine kinase predominantly expressed in the nervous system, are unknown. We have constructed a cell line derived from the rat pheochromocytoma PC12 in which expression of a constitutively active mutant of ALK7 (T194D) is ...
Knöchel S - - 2000
Zygotic expression of the BMP-4 gene in Xenopus embryos is regulated by an auto-regulatory loop. Since AP-1 is known as a mediator of auto-regulatory loops both in the case of the Drosophila dpp and the mammalian TGF-beta genes, we have analysed the potential of Xenopus c-Jun (AP-1) as a mediator ...
Hamid Q A - - 2000
Matrix metalloproteinase-1 is probably involved in the progression of periodontal disease. The aim of this study was to investigate whether IL-1beta stimulates the expression of the activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor and, consequently, if the AP-1 transcription factor participates in the regulation of collagenase gene expression in human gingival ...
Weitzman J B - - 2000
JunD is the most broadly expressed member of the Jun family and the AP-1 transcription factor complex. Primary fibroblasts lacking JunD displayed p53-dependent growth arrest, upregulated p19(Arf) expression, and premature senescence. In contrast, immortalized cell lines lacking JunD showed increased proliferation and higher cyclinD1 levels. These properties are reminiscent of ...
Krosl J - - 2000
Hox gene products, initially characterized as master regulators of embryonic patterning, are also required for proper functioning of adult tissues. There is also a growing body of evidence that links Hox proteins to regulation of cellular proliferation/transformation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of Hox-associated transformation and tissue growth have yet ...
Vuong H - - 2000
The transcriptional induction of SPRR1B by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) is mainly mediated by the first -152-base pair 5'-flanking region containing two functional AP-1 sites. In this study, we have analyzed the signaling pathways that mediate the induction in tracheobronchial epithelial cells. PKC inhibitor ablated PMA-stimulated expression of endogenous SPRR1B ...
Vial E - - 2000
Transformation of chick embryo fibroblasts by the v-Jun oncoprotein correlates with a down-regulation of the extracellular matrix protein SPARC and repression of the corresponding mRNA. Alteration in SPARC expression has been repeatedly reported in human cancers of various origin, and is thought to contribute to the remodeling of the extracellular ...
Lovas G - - 2000
The objective of this study was to investigate whether the expression of c-Jun is involved in the neuronal response to experimental demyelination. Lysolecithin-induced demyelination was generated in two distinct neural systems in rats: in the pontocerebellar and the septohippocampal pathways. Six days after the stereotaxic injections of lysolecithin, expression of ...
Basso J - - 2000
Overexpression of v-Jun in chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) leads to oncogenic transformation phenotypically characterized by anchorage independent growth and release from contact inhibition (focus formation). The mechanisms involved in this oncogenic conversion however, are not yet clear. Because Jun is a transcription factor, it has been assumed that oncogenic transformation ...
Kim S A - - 2000
Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), a multifunctional extracellular matrix protein, inhibits neovascularization and is implicated in the regression of tumor growth and metastasis. We found that the synthesis of TSP-1 in porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells was decreased in a dose-dependent manner by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) treatment in porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) ...
Dennler S - - 2000
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is a pleiotropic cytokine that exerts its effects through a heteromeric complex of transmembrane serine/threonine kinase receptors. At least two intracellular pathways are activated by TGF-beta as follows: the SAPK/JNK, involving the MEKK1, MKK4, and JNK cascade, and the Smad pathway. Here, we report that ...
Chen B K - - 2000
The functional role of the interaction between c-Jun and simian virus 40 promoter factor 1 (Sp1) in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced expression of 12(S)-lipoxygenase gene in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells was studied. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments indicated that EGF stimulated interaction between c-Jun and Sp1 in a time-dependent manner. Overexpression of ...
Geng Y - - 2000
p202 is an IFN-inducible phosphoprotein (Mr 52,000) whose expression in transfected cells retards proliferation. Interestingly, the reduced levels of p202 in fibroblasts (in consequence of the expression of antisense to 202 RNA), under reduced serum conditions, increase the susceptibility of cells to apoptosis. To identify the functional role of p202 ...
Hungness E S - - 2000
The intestinal mucosa is an active participant in the inflammatory and metabolic response to sepsis, endotoxemia, and other critical illness. The genes for various cytokines, e.g., interleukin 6 (IL-6), are regulated by multiple transcription factors, including nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1). In recent studies, treatment with IL-1beta ...
Macián F - - 2000
Cooperation between nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) and AP-1 (Fos-Jun) proteins on composite NFAT-AP-1 DNA elements constitutes a powerful mechanism for signal integration of the calcium and protein kinase C/Ras pathways in the regulation of gene expression. Here we report that NFAT can induce expression of certain genes ...
Ho T J - - 2000
To investigate the mechanisms of areca quid (AQ)-induced carcinogenesis, expression of c-fos and c-jun protooncogenes was examined in human oral mucosal fibroblasts after exposure to areca nut extracts (ANE) or arecoline. We found that treatment of cells with 200 microg/ml ANE or 10 microg/ml arecoline for 1 h induced about ...
Zoumpourlis V - - 2000
Analysis of the functions of AP-1 transcription factor in cellular systems has shown its key role as a mediator of oncogenic signals. The employment of suitable animal model systems greatly facilitates the study of changes in the composition and activity of the AP-1 complex. Here, we have analysed the quantitative ...
Ng D C - - 2000
Involucrin is a major protein of the cornified envelope of keratinocytes that provides much of the structural integrity of the skin. The gene expression of this differentiation marker is induced by elevated extracellular calcium in cultured human keratinocytes. A 3.7-kilobase fragment of this gene contains the necessary elements to drive ...
Cho K - - 2000
In addition to skin injury, burns may also damage distant organs. Understanding the mechanisms of distant organ injury will substantially improve the survival of burn patients. Transcription factors are the major regulators of gene expression in response to most types of injury. C-Jun, which is a part of the activator ...
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