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Paillard Luc - - 2002
In mammalian cells, certain mRNAs encoding cytokines or proto-oncogenes are especially unstable, because of the presence of a particular sequence element in their 3'-untranslated region named ARE (A/U-rich element). AREs cause this instability by provoking the rapid shortening of the poly(A) tail of the mRNA. The deadenylation of mRNAs mediated ...
Balasubramanian Sivaprakasam - - 2002
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is an important bioactive constituent of green tea that efficiently reduces epidermal cancer cell proliferation. This inhibition is associated with a reduction in activator protein 1 (AP1) transcription factor level and activity. However, its effects on AP1 function in normal epidermal cells have not been extensively explored. Our ...
Hartl M - - 2001
Using subtractive hybridization techniques, we have isolated a gene termed JAC that is strongly and specifically activated in avian fibroblasts transformed by the v-jun oncogene of avian sarcoma virus 17 (ASV17), but not in cells transformed by other oncogenic agents. Furthermore, JAC is highly expressed in cell lines derived from ...
Bradham C A - - 2001
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-activated kinase 1 (TAK1), a serine/threonine kinase, is reported to function in the signaling pathways of TGF-beta, interleukin 1, and ceramide. However, the physiological role of TAK1 in vivo is largely unknown. To assess the function of TAK1 in vivo, dominant-negative TAK1 (dnTAK1) was expressed in the ...
Maggi-Capeyron M F - - 2001
Some of the beneficial effects of moderate wine consumption may be related to the antioxidant properties of polyphenolic compounds containing tannins, flavonoids, and phenolic acids. Cellular actions have recently been reported and may involve the modulation of transcriptional factors such as AP-1 (activator protein-1), which controls the expression of various ...
Bost F - - 2001
Cotransfection of primary rat embryo fibroblasts (REF) with c-Jun and activated Ras leads to oncogenic transformation and this process requires the phosphorylation of the N-terminal domain of c-Jun. Ras augments this phosphorylation and, consequently activates the c-Jun transactivation property of TRE (TPA Responsive Element)-dependent promoters. To analyse the role of ...
Ferguson H A - - 2001
c-Fos and c-Jun are members of the AP-1 family of transcriptional activators that regulate the expression of genes during cell proliferation. To facilitate in vitro studies of mechanisms of transcriptional activation by c-Jun and c-Fos we developed a method for obtaining recombinant c-Fos/c-Jun that is highly active in DNA binding ...
Lafarge S - - 2001
We have developed ribozymes (Rz) that inhibit BRCA1 expression in order to study the role of this gene in chemosensitivity. Two Rz, targeting positions 358 or 5282 of the BRCA1 mRNA, were cloned into the retroviral vector LXSN and lipofected into the breast cancer cell-line HBL100. We obtained 79-99% inhibition ...
Carreras I - - 2001
Previously, we have demonstrated that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) decreases elastin gene transcription in confluent rat lung fibroblasts via the binding of a Fra-1-c-Jun heterodimer to an activator protein-1-cAMP response element in the distal region of the elastin promoter. In the present study, we show that bFGF activates the ...
Jiang L - - 2001
C-fos and c-jun are immediate-early genes (IEGs) that are rapidly expressed after a variety of stimuli. Products of these genes subsequently bind to DNA regulatory elements of target genes to modulate their transcription. In rat small intestine, IEG mRNA expression increases dramatically after refeeding following a 48-h fast. We used ...
Groneberg D A - - 2001
C-Jun and c-Fos belong to the family of immediate early genes. Apart from their role as transcription factors, a basal expression was shown for them in central nervous system tissues. The expression of c-Jun and c-Fos in sensory ganglia of guinea pig, rat and murine sensory ganglia was examined under ...
Shirai K - - 2001
We examined the spatial and temporal expression patterns of proteins and mRNAs of the components of transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1) to examine the activation pattern of lens epithelial cells during lens wound repair following an anterior capsular injury. One eye of adult Wistar rats (n = 106) were ...
Schaefer L K - - 2001
We have used the yeast two-hybrid system to identify proteins that interact with the N-terminal region of c-Jun, which is known to be involved in regulatory interactions. One of the proteins identified is the homeodomain-containing protein Hex. The Hex homeodomain is sufficient for interaction; moreover, the homeodomains of several other ...
Hoffmann B - - 2001
The CPCA protein of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans is a member of the c-Jun-like transcriptional activator family. It acts as central transcription factor of the cross-pathway regulatory network of amino acid biosynthesis and is functionally exchangeable for the general control transcriptional activator Gcn4p of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In contrast to ...
Saitoh T - - 2001
Cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) grown under depolarizing conditions with high K(+) (HK; 30 mM) undergo apoptosis following replacement of HK by physiological K(+) (5.4 mM). Differential display analysis identified eight genes up-regulated in this paradigm of apoptosis. Vitamin D3 up-regulated protein 1 (VDUP1) mRNA was markedly up-regulated as early as ...
Andrew A S - - 2001
Inhalation of nickel dust has been associated with an increased incidence of pulmonary fibrosis. Nickel may promote fibrosis by transcriptionally activating plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 and inhibiting fibrinolysis. The current studies examined whether nickel stimulated the PAI-1 promoter though an oxidant-sensitive activator protein (AP)-1 signaling pathway. Addition of nickel to ...
You H - - 2001
RRR-alpha-Tocopheryl succinate (vitamin E succinate, VES) is a potent antitumor agent, inducing DNA synthesis arrest, differentiation, and apoptosis. Because little is known about VES-induced differentiation, studies reported here characterize VES effects on the differentiation status of human breast cancer cell lines and investigate possible molecular mechanisms involved. VES-induced differentiation of ...
Lee J K - - 2001
The effects of forskolin (FSK) and phobol 12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) on c-fos and c-jun mRNA expressions in rat C6 glioma cells were studied. Both FSK and PMA increased the c-fos mRNA level. The C-jun mRNA level was decreased by FSK, whereas it was increased by PMA. The elevated c-fos mRNA level, ...
Chen F - - 2001
Ileal reclamation of bile salts, a critical determinant of their enterohepatic circulation, is mediated primarily by the apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT=SLC10A2). We have defined mechanisms involved in the transcriptional regulation of ASBT. The ASBT gene extends over 17 kilobases and contains five introns. Primer extension analysis localized two ...
Mercier G - - 2001
In the peripheral nervous system, triiodothyronine (T3) plays an important role in the development and regeneration of nerve fibers and in myelin formation. However, the target genes of T3 in peripheral nerves remain to be identified. We investigated whether T3 activated genes of transcription factors in Schwann cells. Expression of ...
Nakayama K - - 2001
Proteasome inhibitors, the well-known inhibitors of NF-kappaB, are recently considered therapeutic agents for inflammation. However, the anti-inflammatory properties of these agents have not been fully evaluated. In this report we describe a novel effect of proteasome inhibitors on the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) in mesangial cells. We ...
Fu X - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics of oncoprotein expression of c-fos and c-jun in hypertrophic scars and chronic dermal ulcers and their regulation of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). METHODS: Tissues of hypertrophic scars (n = 8), chronic dermal ulcers (n = 8) and normal skin (n = 5) were taken ...
Kim H M - - 2001
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (P13-kinase) is an enzyme that acts as a direct biochemical link between a novel phosphatidylinositol pathway and a number of proteins containing intrinsic or associated kinase activities. Here we demonstrate that wortmannin, P13-kinase inhibitor, decreases the proliferation of RAW 264.7 macrophages and that another structurally unrelated inhibitor of ...
Li S L - - 2001
We have investigated the myeloid-specific transcriptional regulation of p67(phox), an essential component of phagocyte respiratory burst NADPH oxidase. Analysis was carried out on the p67(phox) 5'-flanking region from -3669 to -4 (relative to ATG), including the first exon and intron and part of the second exon. The construct extending from ...
Teyssier C - - 2001
Activated estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) modulates transcription triggered by the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1), which consists of Jun-Jun homodimers and Jun-Fos heterodimers. Previous studies have demonstrated that the interference occurs without binding of ERalpha to DNA but probably results from protein.protein interactions. However, involvement of a direct interaction between ...
David J P - - 2001
c-Fos, a member of the AP-1 family of transcription factors, is necessary for osteoclast differentiation but to date, none of the osteoclast-phenotypic markers have been identified as AP-1 target genes. Here, we demonstrate that carbonic anhydrase II (CA II), an enzyme necessary for osteoclast activity, is transcriptionally upregulated by c-Fos/AP-1. ...
Laderoute K R - - 2001
The c-jun gene is a major regulator of proliferative and stress responses of both normal and transformed cells. In general, during immortalization/transformation c-jun cooperates with oncogenic signals rather than acting as an oncogene itself. Here we report a novel example of this cooperation, the requirement for c-jun to sustain expression ...
Karin M - - 2001
More than a decade ago our view of gene regulation by glucocorticoids (GC) and other steroid hormones underwent a dramatic change with the discovery of negative crosstalk (transcriptional interference) between the GC receptor (GCR) and transcription factor AP-1 (Jun:Fos). It was initially observed that induction of the collagenase type 1 ...
Kruchkova Y - - 2001
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was recently shown to promote the survival of neural cells and tissues, raising hopes for its therapeutic potential in degenerative disorders of the CNS. Here we examine the effect of bFGF on the expression of glutamine synthetase, a key enzyme in the detoxification of the ...
Pessah M - - 2001
The Sma and Mad related (Smad) family proteins are critical mediators of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily signaling. After TGF-beta-mediated phosphorylation and association with Smad4, Smad2 moves to the nucleus and activates expression of specific genes through cooperative interactions with DNA-binding proteins, including members of the winged-helix family of ...
Catani M V - - 2001
UV irradiation is a major insult to the skin. We have shown previously that exogenous vitamin C (ascorbate) accumulates in HaCaT keratinocytes, thus conferring the ability to prevent radical formation and cell death elicited by UV-B. Here, we have investigated the potential mechanisms accounting for the cytoprotective effects exerted by ...
Potapova O - - 2001
c-Jun, a member of the activation protein 1 (AP-1) family of transcription factors, has been implicated in the regulation of many important biological processes including cell cycle progression, transformation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Accordingly, its expression and function are upregulated in response to diverse stimuli including mitogens and a wide range ...
Smart D E - - 2001
Activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to a myofibroblast-like phenotype is the pivotal event in hepatic wound healing and fibrosis. Rat HSCs activated in vitro express JunD, Fra2, and FosB as the predominant AP-1 DNA-binding proteins, and all three associate with an AP-1 sequence that is essential for activity of ...
Slack A - - 2001
Rb, c-Jun and dnmt1 play critical roles in the process of cellular differentiation. We demonstrate that a regulatory region of murine dnmt1 contains an element which is responsible for transactivation by Rb and c-Jun in P19 embryocarcinoma cells which is not observed in Y1 adrenocarcinoma cells. During differentiation of P19 ...
Piu F - - 2001
Members of the AP-1 transcription factor family, especially c-Jun and c-Fos, have long been known to mediate critical steps in the cellular response to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. We sought to examine whether two newly discovered members of the AP-1 family, JDP-1 and JDP-2, also participate in the mammalian UV response. ...
Niyaz Y - - 2001
We investigated human Hap50, the large isoform of the previously characterized Hsp70/Hsc70-associating protein Hap46, also called BAG-1, for effects on transcriptional activities. Overproduction by transient transfection led to enhanced expression of reporter gene constructs in various cell types using different promoters, suggesting independence of promoter type. Similarly, overexpression of Hap50 ...
Williams K L - - 2001
BATF belongs to the AP-1/ATF superfamily of transcription factors and forms heterodimers with Jun proteins to bind AP-1 consensus DNA. Unlike Fos/Jun heterodimers which stimulate gene transcription, BATF/Jun heterodimers are transcriptionally inert and inhibit biological processes that are associated with the overstimulation of AP-1 activity. Here, we describe the murine ...
Liu G - - 2001
Proteinase inhibitor I (Inh I) and proteinase inhibitor II (Inh II) from potato tubers are effective proteinase inhibitors of chymotrypsin and trypsin. Inh I and Inh II were shown to suppress irradiation-induced transformation in mouse embryo fibroblasts suggesting that they possess anticarcinogenic characteristics. We have previously demonstrated that Inh I ...
Kim Y H - - 2001
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) may play crucial roles in the kainic acid (KA)-evoked excitotoxic effect and the regulation of transcription factors (e.g. c-Fos and c-Jun) in hippocampus, but their exact role in the regulation of KA-induced opioid peptides expression has not been well characterized in vivo. Therefore, we examined possible ...
Shaulian E - - 2001
A plethora of physiological and pathological stimuli induce and activate a group of DNA binding proteins that form AP-1 dimers. These proteins include the Jun, Fos and ATF subgroups of transcription factors. Recent studies using cells and mice deficient in individual AP-1 proteins have begun to shed light on their ...
Kockel L - - 2001
In recent years, studies in the model organism Drosophila melanogaster have contributed significant insights into the molecular and developmental biology of the AP-1 transcription factors Jun and Fos. Powerful genetic and biochemical approaches uncovered a baffling complexity and variability of the signaling connections to and from AP-1. The range of ...
Chinenov Y - - 2001
Fos and Jun family proteins regulate the expression of a myriad of genes in a variety of tissues and cell types. This functional versatility emerges from their interactions with related bZIP proteins and with structurally unrelated transcription factors. These interactions at composite regulatory elements produce nucleoprotein complexes with high sequence-specificity ...
Wagner E F - - 2001
This issue attempts to give a 'state of the art' overview of the AP-1 transcription factor family, a fundamental class of transcriptional regulators. The AP-1 family consists of several bZIP (basic region leucine zipper) domain proteins, the Jun, the Fos, and the ATF subfamilies, which all have to dimerize before ...
Mechta-Grigoriou F - - 2001
The AP-1 transcription factor is composed of a mixture of homo- and hetero-dimers formed between Jun and Fos proteins. The different Jun and Fos family members vary significantly in their relative abundance and their interactions with additional proteins generating a complex network of transcriptional regulators. Thus, the functional activity of ...
Verrecchia F - - 2001
Smad proteins transduce signals from TGF-beta receptors and regulate transcription of target genes. Among the latter are c-jun and junB, which encode members of the AP-1 family of transcription factors. In this study, we have investigated the functional interactions of the Smad and AP-1 transcription factors in the context of ...
Becquet D - - 2001
It has been shown previously that the CRH-induced POMC gene transcription in the corticotroph cell line AtT-20 involves an increase in AP-1 DNA binding activity that remained elevated for at least 24 h, while induction of c-fos was transient. We showed here that there were dramatic changes in protein components ...
Schuringa J J - - 2001
Transcriptional activation of eukaryotic genes often requires the cooperative action of many proteins. The interleukin 6 (IL-6) response element (IRE) is activated by signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and stimulation with IL-6 leads to STAT3 tyr705 phosphorylation, dimerization, translocation to the nucleus and transactivation of target gene ...
Minet E - - 2001
Hypoxia is an important pathophysiological stress that occurs during blood vessel injuries and tumor growth. It is now well documented that hypoxia leads to the activation of several transcription factors which participate in the adaptive response of the cells to hypoxia. Among these transcription factors, AP-1 is rapidly activated by ...
Yoneda Y - - 2001
Long-lasting alterations of neuronal functions could involve mechanisms associated with consolidation of transient extracellular signals through modulation of de novo synthesis of particular functional proteins in the brain. In eukaryotes, protein de novo synthesis is mainly under the control at the level of gene transcription by transcription factors in the ...
Hess J - - 2001
The expression of MMP13 (collagenase-3), a member of the matrix metalloproteinase family, is increased in vivo as well as in cultured osteosarcoma cell lines by parathyroid hormone (PTH), a major regulator of calcium homeostasis. Binding sites for AP-1 and Cbfa/Runt transcription factors in close proximity have been identified as cis-acting ...
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