Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1765
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Qiao Dianhua - - 2002
Studies have demonstrated bile acids, principally deoxycholic acid (DCA), to be colon tumor promoters. DCA is cytotoxic and increasing evidence suggests a role for DCA-induced apoptosis in colon tumorigenesis. Although the precise mechanism by which DCA induces apoptosis remains unclear, DCA may affect cell growth and cell death via altering ...
Chung Injae - - 2002
Cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2) is a member of the cytochrome P450 family of isozymes involved in the phase I drug metabolism of vertebrates. CYP1A2 is responsible for the activation of a number of aromatic amines to mutagenic and carcinogenic forms. Thus, the level of CYP1A2, which varies among different populations, may ...
Krysan Kostyantyn - - 2002
PURPOSE: To study the mechanism of activation of the human thioltransferase (hTTase) gene under oxidative stress. METHODS: Human lens epithelial cells (HLE-B3) were exposed to 0.1 mM H2O2 for 0, 5, 10, 15, 30, or 60 minutes; lysed; and used for gel mobility shift assay (GMSA) and supershift assay for ...
Wu Qiao - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of retinoic acid receptor beta (RARbeta) in mediating inhibitory effect of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on activator protein-1 (AP-1) activity in gastric cancer cells. METHODS: Transient transfection and chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) assay, Nort hern blot, gene transfection, 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and anchorage independent growth ...
Gonzales Melissa - - 2002
Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a polyphenolic compound from the Larrea tridentata bush that has been identified as a chemopreventive drug in animal studies. Topically applied NDGA has been shown to prevent phorbol ester promotion of tumors in mouse skin, suggesting that NDGA may be a candidate drug for the chemoprevention ...
Tian Dongping - - 2002
To study the effect of selenium (Se) and iodine (I) and the compound of both on the proto-oncogenes c-fos and c-jun mRNA and their protein expression in the cultured rat hippocampus neurons. Using the technique of serum free hippocampus neuron culture, different doses of Se and I and Se + ...
Shin M - - 2002
The 92-kDa type IV collagenase (MMP-9) contributes to tumor invasion and metastases and strategies to down-regulate its expression could ultimately be of clinical utility. Although the expression of this collagenase is regulated by numerous growth factors, the signaling pathways that transduce these signals are fewer in number and therefore represent ...
Kim Yung-Hi - - 2002
We have studied the effect of repeated systemic administrations of nicotine (3 mg/kg) at 30 min intervals on proenkephalin (proENK) mRNA level in rat adrenal gland. Northern blot analysis has shown that proENK mRNA expression was enhanced by repeated nicotine administrations. Additionally, repeated administrations of nicotine transiently induced the c-fos ...
Kane Stephanie - - 2002
Adrenomedullin (AM) is a hypotensive polypeptide that has been shown to stimulate cyclic AMP and intracellular free Ca2+ agents that are known to induce expression of proto-oncogenes, in various cell types. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) is a multifunctional polypeptide that regulates proliferation, differentiation and cell cycle progression in both ...
Nomura Kazuhiko - - 2002
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) is suggested to initiate various factors in liver regeneration after hepatectomy, no corroborative evidence has been reported. In the present study, we investigated the effect of u-PA on liver regeneration after hepatectomy. METHODS: Mice were placed into either a control group or a u-PA-inhibited ...
Pan Bin - - 2002
Human ovarian cancer cell lines derived from A2780 by stepwise exposure to increasing cisplatin concentrations show progressive resistance to cisplatin. Previous studies have shown increased cellular glutathione and elevated steady-state expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) and of the transcription factor c-Jun, all in proportion to the level of resistance in ...
Nabhan Joseph F - - 2002
We report the cloning and functional analysis of a Pad1 homologue (SmPOH) from Schistosoma mansoni. SmPOH encodes a protein of approximately 35 kDa with high amino acid identities to yeast Pad1 (65%) and its human homologue, POH1 (78%). Members of the Pad1 family are subunits of the 26S proteasome and ...
Sanyal Subhabrata - - 2002
Activity-regulated gene expression mediates many aspects of neural plasticity, including long-term memory. In the prevailing view, patterned synaptic activity causes kinase-mediated activation of the transcription factor cyclic AMP response-element-binding protein, CREB. Together with appropriate cofactors, CREB then transcriptionally induces a group of 'immediate early' transcription factors and, eventually, effector proteins ...
Liang Chih-Lung - - 2002
Induction of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) production in an EBV-positive cell is achieved by expression of the gene BZLF1 that switches the latent state into a lytic state. The expression of the BZLF1 gene is initiated from the promoter Zp, which is normally suppressed in EBV-transformed B cells. The BZLF1 gene ...
Zhao Ming - - 2002
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is a key event in the progression of atherosclerosis. Induction of both c-fos (through the transcription factor Elk-1) and c-jun, both immediate early genes, is important for the stimulation of VSMC proliferation and migration. It was earlier found that p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase ...
La Eunhye - - 2002
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is involved in many processes, including epidermal inflammation and hyperplasia after irritation or injury. However, the mechanism by which intracellular IL-1Ra (icIL-1Ra) expression is regulated in mouse keratinocytes has not been reported. We found that the CH72 mouse carcinoma cell line constitutively expresses the icIL-1Ra mRNA. ...
Faniello Maria C - - 2002
c-Jun is a member of the activator protein 1 family, and its interaction with different nuclear factors generates a wide spectrum of complexes that regulate transcription of different promoters. H ferritin promoter transcription is tightly dependent on nuclear factor Y (NFY). Ferritin transcription is activated by c-Jun, although the promoter ...
Laderoute Keith R - - 2002
Hypoxia (low-oxygen tension) is an important physiological stress that influences responses to a wide range of pathologies, including stroke, infarction, and tumorigenesis. Prolonged or chronic hypoxia stimulates expression of the stress-inducible transcription factor gene c-jun and transient activation of protein kinase and phosphatase activities that regulate c-Jun/AP-1 activity. Here we ...
Timmons Sherry R - - 2002
Oral cancer is a significant health problem, particularly among individuals that ingest alcohol in combination with the use of tobacco products. The enhanced development of tobacco-initiated oral cancers by ethanol suggests that ethanol or one of its metabolites may act as a type of tumor promoter. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying ...
Börner Christine - - 2002
mu-Opioid receptors mediate such opioid effects as analgesia, euphoria, and immunomodulation. Gene expression of mu-opioid receptors can be modulated by various substances, including cytokines, hormones, and drugs. Some of these stimuli (e.g., IL-1beta and cocaine) have been shown to activate members of the AP-1 transcription factor family. In addition, transcription ...
Wang Xu X Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, National University of Singapore, MD10, 4 Medical Drive, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore - - 2002
The present study was initiated to investigate the expressions of c-fos and c-jun in nitric oxide synthase immunoreactive neurons and their possible roles in the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) of glaucomatous rats. An experimental one-eye glaucoma model was created by cauterisation of the limbal-derived veins. Animals were killed by cardiac ...
Kume Masazumi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) is activated and upregulated in injured arterial smooth muscle cells in vivo, yet the exact role of the AP-1--related pathway in vascular disease in vivo has remained unclear. We examined the role of the transfer of synthetic double-stranded cis-element decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) in balloon-injured ...
Khachigian Levon M - - 2002
Neointima formation is a characteristic feature of common vascular pathologies, such as atherosclerosis and post-angioplasty restenosis, and involves smooth muscle cell proliferation. Determination of whether the bZIP transcription factor c-Jun plays a direct regulatory role in arterial lesion formation, or indeed in other disease, has been hampered by the lack ...
Huang Fu-Mei - - 2002
An important requirement for a root-canal sealer is biologic compatibility; most evaluations have focused on general toxicological and local tissue irritating properties. There is only scant information about mutagenicity or carcinogenicity testing for root-canal sealer. It has been shown that c-fos and c-jun are induced rapidly by a variety of ...
Silvers Amy L - - 2002
To determine whether the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) could be modulated by ultraviolet A (UVA) exposure, we examined AP-1 DNA-binding activity and transactivation after exposure to UVA in the human immortalized keratinocyte cell line HaCaT. Maximal AP-1 transactivation was observed with 250 kJ/m2 UVA between 3 and 4 h ...
de Sousa Suzana Orsini Machado - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Studies have addressed the relevance of c-Jun and c-Fos proteins in cancer development. In the present study, the expression of c-Jun and c-Fos, the major components of transcription factor activator protein (AP1), were evaluated to determine possible alterations to these factors in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). METHODS: Fifteen ...
Yomori Hiroyuki - - 2002
Expression of immediate early response genes such as c-fos, c-jun, and c-myc in response to 1-500 microT resultant (r) 60 Hz elliptically polarized (EP) magnetic fields (MFs), typical of environmental MFs polarization under overhead power lines, was analyzed in both at transcriptional and translational levels using human glioblastoma (T98G) cells. ...
Baskey Jacqueline C - - 2002
We investigated mechanisms underlying nerve growth factor-mediated morphological differentiation and expression of cholinergic neuronal phenotype. In PC12, but not PC12nnr5 cells, nerve growth factor induces neurite-like outgrowths and enhances cholinergic phenotype; stable expression of TrkA receptors in nnr5 cells (called B5P cells) restores morphological differentiation but not expression of choline ...
Vuong Hue - - 2002
Exposure of distal bronchiolar region to various toxicants and pollutants suppresses Clara cell differentiation marker expression and greatly enhances the induction of squamous cell differentiation (SCD). Here, we demonstrate for the first time phorbol 13-myristate 12-acetate (PMA)-inducible expression of SCD markers, SPRRs, in Clara-like H441 cells. The transcriptional stimulation of ...
Garrett Scott H - - 2002
Cadmium (Cd(+2)) has been shown to transiently increase the expression of mRNA for the third isoform of the metallothionein (MT-3) gene family in cultured human proximal tubule (HPT) cells. The goal of the present study was to further define the expression of MT-3 in mortal (HPT) and immortal (HK-2) cultures ...
Passegué Emmanuelle - - 2002
The Jun and JunB components of the AP-1 transcription factor are known to have antagonistic functions. Here we show, by a knock-in strategy and a transgenic complementation approach, that Junb can substitute for absence of Jun during mouse development. Junb can rescue both liver and cardiac defects in Jun-null mice ...
Omura Takashi - - 2002
The activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcriptional complex, containing Jun and Fos proteins, is involved in regulating many cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation. However, little is known about a direct relationship between AP-1 activities and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. To elucidate the roles of myocardial AP-1 activities, dominant negative mutant of ...
Quèlo Isabelle - - 2002
alphaNAC is a transcriptional coactivator known to interact with the N-terminal activation domain of the c-Jun transcription factor. In this article, we describe the identification of the c-Jun interaction domain within the alphaNAC protein. Deletion analysis of alphaNAC indicated that the c-Jun binding site was located in the middle part ...
Yates Samantha - - 2002
Reepithelialization is the process responsible for restoring an intact epidermis following cutaneous injury. A change in the activity of keratinocytes is required for reepithelialization to occur, and this is likely to be regulated by the altered expression of effector genes, mediated by transcription factors. The injury itself provides a stimulus ...
Kim Hyun-Jung - - 2002
Osteopontin, a major non-collagenous bone matrix protein, is strikingly upregulated in various tissues under certain pathologic conditions, including cancer. However, the mechanism of upregulation of the osteopontin gene in tumor cells remains unclear. Okadaic acid, a strong non-phorbol ester tumor promoter, is known to stimulate the expression of osteopontin. The ...
Pacheco Mercia Medeiros - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are known for their invasive behavior. The invasiveness of these tumors requires proteases, some of which as urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), gelatinase B and matrilysin are regulated through AP-1 dependent transcriptional mechanisms. AP-1 consists of several proteins, including those encoded by the ...
Alfranca Arántzazu - - 2002
Under low-oxygen conditions, cells develop an adaptive program that leads to the induction of several genes, which are transcriptionally regulated by hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). On the other hand, there are other factors which modulate the HIF-1-mediated induction of some genes by binding to cis-acting motifs present in their promoters. ...
Flora Govinder - - 2002
Cellular and molecular mechanisms of methamphetamine (METH)-induced neurotoxicity may involve alterations of cellular redox status and induction of inflammatory genes. To study this hypothesis, molecular signaling pathways of METH-induced inflammatory responses via activation of redox-sensitive transcription factors were investigated in discrete regions (corpus striatum, frontal cortex, and hippocampus) of mouse ...
Jayachandran Gitanjali - - 2002
Homologous transfection systems provide a useful tool for characterizing promoters and other regulatory elements from cloned genes. We have used cultured Aedes albopictus C7-10 mosquito cells to evaluate expression of 20-hydroxyecdysone-inducible genes. Although this cell line has previously been shown to synthesize components of the ecdysteroid receptor and ecdysone-inducible proteins, ...
Tian Dongping - - 2002
The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of selenium (Se) and iodine (I) for expressions of c-fos and c-jun mRNA and their proteins in cultured rat hippocampus cells in selenium- and iodine-containing medium. With cultured rat hippocampus cells, the different doses of Se and I were added ...
Narayanan Karthikeyan - - 2002
Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is an extracellular matrix phosphoprotein whose expression is precisely controlled temporally and spatially during the differentiation of the odontoblasts. Odontoblasts are postmitotic cells that differentiate to mature polarized cells and are responsible for the synthesis of a calcified dentin matrix. Although the DMP1 promoter has ...
Zhang Hannah J - - 2002
Adenovirus gene therapy is a promising tool in the clinical treatment of many genetic and acquired diseases. However, it has also caused pathogenic effects in organs such as the liver. The redox-sensitive transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB have been implicated in these effects. To study the mechanisms of adenovirus-mediated AP-1 ...
Peng Y - - 2002
The transcription factor, activator protein 1 (AP-1) complexes (c-Jun and c-Fos heterodimers) has been shown to interact with transforming growth factor beta signaling in mammalian cells and Drosophila embryo. Here we show that c-Jun alone is involved in the anti-neuralizing activity of bone morphogenetic protein 4, a transforming growth factor ...
Jaimovich Enrique - - 2002
Potassium depolarization of cultured muscle cells was employed to study cellular responses linked to calcium signaling. Events occurring after depolarization include i) A transient increase of the IP3 mass (2-10s); ii) A slow calcium transient (5 to 25s) that propagates as a low concentration wave along the myotube showing a ...
Mercier G - - 2001
Progesterone (PROG) promotes the myelination of sciatic nerves during regeneration after cryolesion. But, little is known about the molecular mechanisms by which the hormone exerts its effects. This could be initiated by the regulation of transcription factor expression in Schwann cells, which produce the myelin sheaths in the peripheral nervous ...
Onodera Shin - - 2002
Neutral matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in bone matrix degradation accompanied by bone remodeling. We herein show for the first time that macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) up-regulates MMP-13 (collagenase-3) mRNA of rat calvaria-derived osteoblasts. The mRNA up-regulation was seen at 3 h in response to MIF (10 ...
Steinmüller L - - 2001
The activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription factor is composed of heterodimers of the Fos/activating transcription factor (ATF) and Jun subfamilies of basic-region leucine-zipper (B-ZIP) proteins. In order to determine the identities of individual B-ZIP proteins in various AP-1 complexes we tested the effect of dominant-negative mutants to the B-ZIP proteins ...
Ivanov Vladimir N - - 2002
Cooperation between STAT3 and c-Jun results in suppression of Fas Receptor (FasR) transcription, which is often seen in advanced human tumors. To identify requirements for STAT3-Jun cooperation, we elucidated the role of protein kinases that affect both transcription factors. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT signaling pathway was found capable of down-regulating ...
Assimakopoulou M - - 2001
PURPOSE: In previous work we have shown that the expression of heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is associated with anaplastic potential of astrocytomas (Anticancer Res 1997, 17:2677-2682). Heat shock protein-coding genes have been found to have a putative AP-1 (activator protein-1)-binding site in their promoter region and the synthesis of ...
Daury L - - 2001
With the aim to identify the oncoprotein partners implicated in the c-Jun myogenic influence, we carried out stable transfection experiments of c-Jun and/or ATF2, Fra2, c-Fos overexpression in avian myoblasts. Before induction of differentiation, c-Jun repressed myoblast withdrawal from the cell cycle, as did a TPA treatment. However, after serum ...
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