Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1765
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Rahaus Markus - - 2003
Varicella-zoster virus, an alpha-herpesvirus that is pathogenic for man, encodes its own transcription activators, but ubiquitous cellular transcription factors are of great importance, too. Performing quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) we found an increase of transcription of AP1 components jun, fos and of ATF-2 at different times post infection ...
Reichelt Wenche H - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The intestinal mitosis-inhibiting peptide pyroglu-His-GlyOH (pEHG), inhibits normal intestinal epithelial cells and the human colon adenocarcinoma cell line HT-29 and increases the expression of c-fos (1). In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of the growth-inhibiting effects of pEHG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: cDNA expression array was hybridized with cDNA ...
Nadruz Wilson W - - 2003
The increased expression of immediate-early genes is a key feature of the myocardial response to hypertrophic stimuli. In this study, we investigated whether pressure overload or phenylephrine treatment stimulated myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2)-dependent transcriptional activation of c-jun in cardiac myocytes. Western blotting and immunohistochemical analysis of rat myocardium demonstrated ...
Kim Kyung Ha KH Department of Biology, Yonsei University College of Sciences, Seoul 120-749, - - 2003
The immediate early gene, cyr61, is transcriptionally activated within minutes by serum and serum growth factors. The encoded Cyr61 protein is secreted into the extracellular matrix and promotes cell adhesion and migration. In this study, we sought to examine the expression profile of cyr61 gene during neuronal cell death induced ...
Bischof P - - 2003
During the first trimester of pregnancy, certain cytotrophoblastic cells (CTB) of anchoring villi invade the underlying decidua. Regulation of this invasive behaviour depends on cytokines and growth factors secreted by decidua and trophoblast, which modulate metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion of CTB. Since MMP-9 expression by CTB is a prerequisite for matrigel ...
Li Ji - - 2003
Although epidemiological studies have long established that inorganic arsenic is a potent human carcinogen, the underlying mechanisms are still poorly understood. Recent studies suggest that inorganic arsenic may act as a tumor promoter by perturbing key signaling transduction pathways. We have shown previously that arsenite can potently activate the mitogen-activated ...
Yamashita S - - 2003
We studied the cell-type-specific and temporal expression of c-fos and c-jun protooncogenes after 17beta-estradiol (E2) stimulation in the uteri of immature 3-week-old mice neonatally exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES), DES-mice, and the ontogenic expression of these genes in the uteri of DES-mice using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. A single E2 ...
Fralix Kimberly D - - 2003
The TGF-beta signaling pathway has potent anti-mitogenic effects in epithelial cells and loss of negative growth regulation is often associated with increased tumorigenicity. The human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cell line, UK Pan-1, which expresses DPC4, is not highly responsive to TGF-beta due to transcriptional repression of TGF-beta type II receptor ...
Huang Fu-Mei - - 2003
An important requirement for a dentin bonding agent is biologic compatibility; the bonding agent usually remains in close contact with living dental tissues over a long period of time. Information on the genotoxicity/mutagenicity and cacinogenicity potentials of dentin bonding agents is rare. It has been shown that c-fos and c-jun ...
Sharma Dipali - - 2003
The c-jun gene encodes the protein Jun, a component of the essential transcription factor, AP1. Jun/AP-1 occupies a central position in signal transduction pathways as it is responsible for the induction of a number of genes in response to growth promoters. However, the exact mechanisms leading to an enhanced expression ...
Sadowska Beata - - 2003
The activating transcription factor 1 (AP-1) family of proteins consists of a large number of inducible factors that are implicated in many biological processes, including cellular and viral gene expression, cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. Here, we investigated the role of the AP-1 family members c-Jun and c-Fos in transcriptional ...
Behrens Axel - - 2003
Jun is a major component of the heterodimeric transcription factor AP-1 and is essential for embryonic development, as foetuses that lack Jun die at mid-gestation. Ubiquitous mosaic inactivation of a conditional Jun allele by cre/LoxP-mediated recombination was used to screen for novel functions of Jun and revealed that its absence ...
Guo Ing-Cherng - - 2003
Steroid hormones are important physiological regulators that control our glucose and salt balance, as well as sexual characteristics. The synthesis of steroid hormones is under tight control; disturbed secretion of steroids often leads to diseases. The mechanism controlling the secretion of steroids, namely steroidogenesis, has been the focus of intensive ...
Parameswaran Narayanan - - 2003
Adrenomedullin (AM), a potent vasodilatory peptide, has anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects in rat mesangial cells (RMCs). We have previously demonstrated that AM modulates activities of the members of MAPK family in RMCs. Because activation of MAPKs has been reported to induce AP-1 expression in other cell systems, the major aim ...
Lenert Petar - - 2003
The proliferative response of primary B cells to CpG oligonucleotides (ODN) involves induction of nuclear activation promoting-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. AP-1 subunits c-Fos, Fos-B, Jun-B, and Jun-D, but not Fra-1 or Fra-2, were all induced by CpG ODNs in B cells within 30 minutes of stimulation, followed by c-Jun at ...
Reddy Sekhar P M - - 2002
Aberrant cell proliferation and differentiation after toxic injury to airway epithelium can lead to the development of various lung diseases including cancer. The activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor, composed of mainly Jun-Jun and Jun-Fos protein dimers, acts as an environmental biosensor to various external toxic stimuli and regulates gene expression ...
Itoh Hiroshi - - 2002
To determine whether c-Fos and c-Jun are involved in the repair of small intestinal mucosa after ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), we investigated the mechanism of regeneration following acute I/R injury in rats by evaluating changes in DNA synthesis, fractional synthesis rate (FSR) of proteins, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity. Furthermore, we examined ...
Chen Frank - - 2002
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ileal malabsorption of bile salts is observed in Crohn's ileitis. We define the transcriptional mechanisms involved in cytokine-mediated repression of the rat apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT). METHODS: ASBT regulation was studied in IL-1beta-treated IEC-6 and Caco-2 cells and in indomethacin-treated rats. RESULTS: Indomethacin-induced ileitis in ...
Rangatia Janki - - 2002
The transcription factor C/EBPalpha is crucial for the differentiation of granulocytes. Conditional expression of C/EBPalpha triggers neutrophilic differentiation, and C/EBPalpha can block 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced monocytic differentiation of bipotential myeloid cells. In C/EBPalpha knockout mice, no mature granulocytes are present. A dramatic increase of c-Jun mRNA in C/EBPalpha knockout mouse fetal liver ...
Zhang Shaoping - - 2002
The role of c-Jun in apoptosis evoked by human amylin was investigated using human and rat insulinoma beta-cell lines. Two transient increases in the levels of c-jun mRNA were detected at 30 minutes and eight hours after treatment with human amylin. The level of c-Jun protein was also up-regulated in ...
Guberman Alejandra S - - 2003
Activation protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factors are early response genes involved in a diverse set of transcriptional regulatory processes. The phorbol ester 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) is often used to induce AP-1 activity. The purpose of this work was to explore the molecular mechanisms involved in the TPA regulation of ubiquitous 5-aminolevulinate synthase ...
Turi Jennifer L - - 2002
Anion exchange protein 2 (AE2) is a membrane-bound protein that mediates chloride-bicarbonate exchange. In addition to regulating intracellular pH and cell volume, AE2 exports superoxide (O.) to the extracellular matrix in an HCO-dependent process. Given this ability to export O., we hypothesized that expression of AE2 in the lung is ...
Dickinson Dale A - - 2002
Glutathione is the most abundant non-protein thiol in the cell, with roles in cell cycle regulation, detoxification of xenobiotics, and maintaining the redox tone of the cell. The glutathione content is controlled at several levels, the most important being the rate of de novo synthesis, which is mediated by two ...
Gerlach Rüdiger - - 2002
Cellular homeostatic adaptation to cerebral ischemia is complex and contains changes in receptor mediated gene expression and signaling pathways. The proteins of the immediate early genes c-Fos and c-Jun are thought to be involved in coupling neuronal excitation to target gene expression, due to formation of heterodimers and binding to ...
McGaha Tracy L - - 2002
The naturally occurring compound halofuginone has been shown to antagonize collagen synthesis by fibroblasts both in vitro and in vivo. We previously demonstrated that this inhibitory property was related to the ability of halofuginone to disrupt transforming growth factor beta signal transduction. The present study further analyzed the ability of ...
Walzel Hermann - - 2002
Galectin-mediated ligation of glycoepitopes on T-cell activation markers induces an increase in the cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) originating from a transient Ca(2+) release of internal stores as well as a sustained influx across the plasma membrane. In transiently transfected Jurkat T-lymphocytes, galectins [galectin-1 (gal-1), recombinant human galectin-1 (rec gal-1), nematode ...
Best Jennifer L - - 2002
During a screen to identify c-Jun activators, we isolated a cysteine protease, SuPr-1, that induced c-Jun-dependent transcription independently of c-Jun phosphorylation. SuPr-1 is a member of a new family of proteases that hydrolyze the ubiquitin-like modifier, SUMO-1. SuPr-1 hydrolyzed SUMO-1-modified forms of the promyelocytic leukemia gene product, PML, and altered ...
Zhao Yan - - 2002
AIM: To investigate the effects of vitamin E succinate (VES) on the expression of c-jun gene and protein in human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells. METHODS: After SGC-7901 cells were treated with VES at different doses (5,10,20 mg x L(-1)) at different time, reverse transcription-PCR technique was used to detect the ...
Paxian Markus - - 2002
Ischemia and reperfusion result in a hepatocellular stress gene response, characterized by a zonal heterogeneity with pericentral hepatocytes being the primary target. In the present study, we assessed cell type-specific and zonal pattern of activation of redox-sensitive transcription factors nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) in a graded model ...
Karimpour Shervin - - 2002
A recently identified class of signaling factors uses critical cysteine motif(s) that act as redox-sensitive 'sulfhydryl switches' to reversibly modulate specific signal transduction cascades regulating downstream proteins with similar redox-sensitive sites. For example, signaling factors such as redox factor-1 (Ref-1) and transcription factors such as the AP-1 complex both contain ...
Levresse Valerie - - 2002
Cytotoxic platinum compounds including cisplatin are standard cancer chemotherapeutics and are also activators of stress-signaling pathways. In this study, we tested the role of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) family of mitogen-activated protein kinases and their transcription factor target, c-Jun, in the cytotoxic response of small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells ...
Takahashi Eriko - - 2002
Resolution of the molecular mechanism(s) underlying glucocorticoid (GC) resistance is an important clinical problem when performing individualized GC therapy according to the GC response of peripheral cells in asthma. In order to investigate the mechanism(s) underlying the individual differences of lymphocyte GC response, we examined the relationship between lymphocyte sensitivity ...
Drunat Séverine - - 2002
The increased cardiovascular risk associated with hyperhomocysteinemia has been linked to homocysteine-induced endothelial cell (EC) dysfunction. Endothelin-1 is a vasoactive peptide, synthesized mainly by vascular ECs. We have previously shown that homocysteine decreases endothelin-1 biosynthesis. Here we addressed the molecular mechanism of endothelin-1 regulation by homocysteine. Experiments with the transcription ...
Helin E - - 2002
In this work we investigated the effect of measles virus (MV) infection on the expression of immediate-early genes junB, c-jun and c-fos mRNA as well as AP-1 DNA-binding activity in the lung epithelial-like adenocarcinoma cell line A549. The transcription factor AP-1, which is a group of dimeric complexes of the ...
Walton S L - - 2002
Intramuscular injection of the naturally occurring prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF2alpha) to sexually mature female pigs induces luteolysis and rapidly elicits a behavioural response consistent with pre-partum nest-building. Intramuscular injection of the synthetic prostaglandin F2alpha (cloprostenol) also induces luteolysis but no nest-building behaviour is observed. The effects of PGF2alpha, but not cloprostenol, ...
Sánchez-Pérez Isabel - - 2002
Chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin induce persistent activation of N-terminal c-Jun Kinase, which in turn mediates induction of apoptosis. By using a common MAPK Kinase, MEKK1, cisplatin also activates the survival transcription factor NFkappaB. We have found a cross-talk between c-Jun expression and NFkappaB transcriptional activation in response to cisplatin. ...
Feng Zhiwei - - 2002
c-Jun, a crucial component of the dimeric transcription factor activating protein 1 (AP-1), can regulate apoptosis induced by oxidative stress and has been implicated in neuronal differentiation, but the mechanisms are largely unknown. We found that specific inhibition of transcription or stable transfection with cDNA encoding dominant-negative c-Jun sensitized SH-SY5Y ...
Kontkanen Outi - - 2002
We have characterized the effects of chronic clozapine and haloperidol treatments on the expression of fos (c-fos, fosB, fra-2) and jun (c-jun, junB, junD) family genes in the rat forebrain. The effects of chronic (17d) clozapine and haloperidol on mRNA expression were determined two hours, 24 hours, and six days ...
Mao Junhao - - 2002
To investigate the cellular role of dual specificity Yak1-related kinase (Dyrk) 1, a nuclear localized dual specificity protein kinase, we examined its effect on transcriptional regulation using reporter gene assays. We found that Dyrk1 can substantially enhance Gli1-dependent, but not LEF-1-, c-Jun-, or Elk-dependent, gene transcription. In part, Dyrk1 does ...
Motohashi Hozumi - - 2002
Recent progress in the analysis of transcriptional regulation has revealed the presence of an exquisite functional network comprising the Maf and Cap 'n' collar (CNC) families of regulatory proteins, many of which have been isolated. Among Maf factors, large Maf proteins are important in the regulation of embryonic development and ...
Yang Heping - - 2002
GSH synthesis occurs via two enzymatic steps catalyzed by glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL, made up of two subunits) and GSH synthetase (GS). Recently, we described coordinate induction of GCL subunits and GS. To study GS transcriptional regulation, we have cloned and characterized a 2.2-kb 5'-flanking region of the rat GS (GenBank ...
Jin Chunyuan - - 2002
Up-regulation of the c-jun gene is a critical event in the retinoic acid (RA)-mediated differentiation of embryonal carcinoma F9 cells. Activating transcription factor 2 (ATF-2) and p300 cooperate in the activation of transcription of the c-jun gene during the differentiation of F9 cells. We show here that the overexpression of ...
Reddy Sekhar P M - - 2002
Various toxicants and carcinogens upregulate the expression of small proline-rich protein 1B (SPRR1B), a squamous differentiation marker, in bronchial epithelial cells both in vivo and in vitro. We have recently shown that phorbol 13-myristate 12-acetate (PMA)-stimulated SPRR1B transcription in Clara-like H441 cells is mainly mediated by activator protein-1 (AP-1) and ...
Mitchell Jennifer A - - 2002
While the AP-1 (activator protein-1) genes c-fos and c-jun have been implicated in the expression of myometrial genes associated with the onset of labor, there are no data concerning the role of other members of this family of transcription factors. To address this issue, we defined the expression and hormonal ...
Bakiri Latifa - - 2002
Activator protein 1 (AP-1) is a group of dimeric transcription factors composed of Jun, Fos, and ATF family proteins. Both gain- and loss-of-function studies have revealed specific roles for individual AP-1 components in cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, and other biological processes. However, little is known about the functions of specific ...
Ciapponi Laura - - 2002
Fos and Jun proteins homo- or heterodimerize to form functional AP-1 transcription factors. Drosophila mutants lacking either Jun or Fos display indistinguishable dorsal open phenotypes, indicating an essential function of both Jun and Fos for embryonic dorsal closure. Here we present experiments to determine the basis for this dual requirement. ...
Bower Kristen E - - 2002
p21(SNFT) (21-kDa small nuclear factor isolated from T cells) is a novel human protein of the basic leucine zipper family. The overexpression of p21(SNFT) leads to the significant and specific repression of transcription from the interleukin-2 promoter as well as from several essential activator protein 1 (AP-1)-driven composite promoter elements. ...
Li Tie - - 2002
The exposure of mammalian cells to UV irradiation induces the expression of immediate early genes such as c-jun and c-fos and activates the transcription factors AP-1 and NF-kappaB. JunD is one of the three members of the Jun family and shares some functional characteristics with c-Jun. In the present study, ...
Lu AiPing - - 2002
Breast cancer-specific gene 1 (BCSG1) is not expressed in normal breast tissue but is highly expressed in the vast majority of invasive and metastatic breast carcinomas. When over-expressed, BCSG1 significantly stimulates the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer cells. The accumulated evidence suggests that the aberrant expression of BCSG1 in ...
Hu Yan-Fen - - 2002
BRCA1 is involved in the regulation of multiple nuclear events including transcription. AD1, one of the two trans-activation domains in BRCA1, stimulates transcription in a cell context-dependent manner. Here, it is shown that BRCA1 interacts with Jun proteins via a coiled-coil motif in AD1 and the basic leucine zipper (bZIP) ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >