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Results 601 - 650 of 1765
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He Runtao - - 2003
In March 2003, a novel coronavirus was isolated from patients exhibiting atypical pneumonia and subsequently proven to be the causative agent of the disease now referred to as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The complete genome of the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) has since been sequenced. The SARS-CoV nucleocapsid (SARS-CoV N) ...
Dai Donghai - - 2003
The uterine endometrium and cancers derived from it are classic models of hormone action: estrogen promotes growth and progesterone inhibits proliferation and results in differentiation. We have now identified a major pathway through which progesterone causes these growth-limiting effects. Ligand-bound progesterone receptors modulate the composition and transcriptional activity of members ...
Liang Min - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of progesterone (P) and 18-methyl levonorgestrel (LNG) on the expression of P receptors (PRA and PRB), c-fos, c-jun, and osteocalcin in the human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 and human normal osteoblasts in order to understand the mechanism of progestin action on the proliferation and differentiation ...
Ledoux Severine - - 2003
P-Glycoprotein (P-gp) encoded by the MDR gene is one of the main factors in multidrug resistance. Its expression in cancer cells, which compromises cancer outcome, can be enhanced by some stress signals. Energy depletion, frequently observed in malignant cells, was shown to induce chemoresistance and could be one of these ...
Maldonado Vicente - - 2003
The sex steroid control of the endometrial cycle is mediated by transcription factors, four of which are the estrogen and progesterone receptors, c-jun and c-fos, all expressed by the endometrium. The aim of this study was to analyze the distribution of the transcription factors in the different endometrial compartments during ...
Zhang Qin - - 2004
Recent studies indicate a potential role for Fra-1, a heterodimeric partner of activator protein (AP)-1, in toxicant-induced epithelial injury, repair, and cellular transformation. Here we have investigated the effects of diesel exhaust particles (DEP) on fra-1 expression in C10 cells, a murine lung epithelial cell line. DEP markedly upregulated fra-1, ...
Nikulina M A - - 2003
The stress-activated protein kinase c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) is a central signal for interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta)-induced apoptosis in insulin-producing beta-cells. The cell-permeable peptide inhibitor of JNK (JNKI1), that introduces the JNK binding domain (JBD) of the scaffold protein islet-brain 1 (IB1) inside cells, effectively prevents beta-cell death caused by this cytokine. ...
Humbert Odile - - 2003
Mammalian mismatch repair (MMR) plays a prominent role in genomic stability and toxicity induced by some DNA damaging agents. Advance in the appreciation of regulation mechanisms of the key MMR protein hMSH2 would certainly lead to valuable information on its role and to a better understanding of MMR system dysfunctions ...
Kobayashi Emi - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is a clinically important growth factor with therapeutic potential for the treatment of interstitial fibrosis and chronic renal failure. Proteoglycans are components of the renal interstitium, which have multiple actions, including growth regulation. In this study, we examined the effects of HGF on proteoglycan synthesis ...
Nadruz Wilson W - - 2004
The transient increase in the expression of transcription factors encoded by immediate-early genes has been considered to play a critical role in the coordination of early gene expression during the hypertrophic growth of cardiac myocytes. Here, we investigated the regulation of c-Jun and its upstream activators JNKs in the myocardium ...
Adiseshaiah Pavan - - 2003
Recent studies indicate a potential role for Fra-1, a heterodimeric partner of activator protein 1 (AP1), in toxicant-induced epithelial injury, repair, and cellular transformation. Here, we have investigated the transcriptional regulation of fra-1 by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells, which are the direct targets of inhaled toxins/carcinogens. ...
An Jiabin - - 2004
The Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-encoded latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) modulates viral and cellular gene expression, including interleukin 6 (IL-6), a growth factor for KSHV-associated diseases. LANA-driven IL-6 expression is dependent on the activator protein 1 (AP1) response element (RE) within the IL-6 promoter. We show that LANA activates the AP1 ...
Renault M-A - - 2003
Osteopontin (OPN), an RGD-containing extracellular matrix protein, is associated with arterial smooth muscle cell (SMC) activation in vitro and in vivo. Many cytokines and growth factors involved in vessel wall remodeling induce OPN overexpression. Moreover, we recently demonstrated that the extracellular nucleotide UTP also induces OPN expression and that OPN ...
Aubel Corinne - - 2003
The effect of amino acids on the regulation of the expression of spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase (SSAT), the key enzyme of polyamine catabolism, was studied in HeLa cells. When compared with similar exposure to complete medium, deprivation of arginine, methionine or leucine gave rise to a time-dependent, slowly reversible increase in the ...
Altura Burton M - - 2003
Proto-oncogene (c-fos, c-jun) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) expression, as well as DNA synthesis, in aortic and cerebral vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) were upregulated by a decrease in extracellular magnesium ions ([Mg2+]o). Upregulation of these transcriptional factors was inversely proportional to the [Mg2+]o and occurred over the pathophysiologic range ...
Hirose Hideki - - 2003
We investigated the effects of 6- and 10-T static magnetic fields (SMFs) on the expression of protooncogenes using Western blot immunohybridization methods. We used a SMF exposure system, which can expose cells to a spatially inhomogeneous 6 T with a strong magnetic field (MF) gradient (41.7 T/m) and a spatially ...
Elsässer Annika - - 2003
Overexpression of proto-oncogene c-jun and constitutive activation of the Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway have been implicated in the leukemic transformation process. However, c-jun expression and the role of the JNK signaling pathway have not been investigated in primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells with frequently observed balanced rearrangements ...
Cheng Chi Keung - - 2003
Although it is recognized that estrogen is one of the most important regulators of GnRH receptor (GnRHR) gene expression, the mechanism underlying the regulation at the transcriptional level is unknown. In the present study, we demonstrated that 17beta-estradiol (E2) repressed human GnRHR promoter via an activator protein 1-like motif and ...
Han Hye-Sook - - 2003
Retinol (vitamin A) is used as an antiwrinkle agent in the cosmetics industry. However, its photo-instability makes it unsuitable for use in general cosmetic formulations. To improve the photo-stability of retinol, three derivatives (3, 4, and 5) were synthesized and their biological activities were analyzed. 1H NMR and HPLC analysis ...
Miao Ze-Hong - - 2003
Expression of mdr-1 is complex and highly regulated. Several lines of evidence indirectly suggest that transcription factor c-Jun may negatively regulate human mdr-1 gene expression. We recently found that salvicine, a novel topoisomerase II inhibitor, is cytotoxic for multidrug resistance (MDR) tumor cells and down-regulates mdr-1 expression in MDR K562/A02 ...
Marden Nicole Y - - 2003
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2J2 arachidonic acid epoxygenase gene was down-regulated at a pre-translational level in human hepatoma-derived HepG2 cells incubated in a hypoxic environment; under these conditions, the expression of c-Jun and c-Fos mRNA and protein was increased. The 5'-upstream region of the CYP2J2 gene was isolated by amplification ...
Gagliardi Mark - - 2003
Chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEF) express several growth arrest-specific (GAS) gene products in G0. In contact-inhibited cells, the expression of the most abundant of these proteins, the p20K lipocalin, is activated at the transcriptional level by C/EBPbeta. In this report, we describe the role of C/EBPbeta in CEF proliferation. We show ...
Pang Iok-Hou - - 2003
PURPOSE: To test the effect of stimulators of activator protein (AP)-1, on expression of stromelysin (MMP-3) in human TM cells and on aqueous outflow in perfused human anterior segments. METHODS: Change in MMP-3 expression was determined by immunoassay of proMMP-3 levels in the media of cultured human TM cells. Anterior ...
Tohjima Emiko - - 2003
Expression of an osteogenic cytokine, IL-11, is decreased in SAMP6. We show here that IL-11 transcription largely depends on AP-1 transcription factors, activities of which are decreased in SAMP6 as well as aged ICR mice. Therefore, diminished AP-1 activity and the resultant decline in IL-11 expression may play a role ...
Mendes A Ferreira - - 2003
The pro-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1) induces articular chondrocytes to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), which mediate some IL-1-induced responses. This study aimed at elucidating the role of ROS, particularly H2O2, in mediating IL-1-induced activation of the transcription factor activator protein-1 (AP-1) in primary cultures of articular ...
Ohba Norihiro - - 2003
It has been demonstrated that some of immediate early genes such as c-Jun are induced immediately and transiently following focal cerebral ischemia. Here we newly characterize the activating transcription factor (ATF)-3 as a focal ischemia associated immediate early gene. Using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, we compared the expression profile ...
Yao Kang-Shen - - 2003
The dithiolethione oltipraz is a potent chemopreventive agent in preclinical models, and induces the expression of protective enzymes in the colon mucosa and peripheral mononuclear cells of treated human subjects. We investigated the effects of oltipraz on DT-diaphorase expression in HT29 colon adenocarcinoma cells. Following a 24-hr exposure to 100 ...
Holzberg David - - 2003
The transcription factor activator protein (AP)-1 plays crucial roles in proliferation, cell death, and the immune response. c-JUN is an important component of AP-1, but only very few c-JUN response genes have been identified to date. Activity of c-JUN is controlled by NH2-terminal phosphorylation (JNP) of its transactivation domain by ...
Mechta-Grigoriou Fatima - - 2003
Hindbrain development is a well-characterised segmentation process in vertebrates. The bZip transcription factor MafB/kreisler is specifically expressed in rhombomeres (r) 5 and 6 of the developing vertebrate hindbrain and is required for proper caudal hindbrain segmentation. Here, we provide evidence that the mouse protooncogene c-jun, which encodes a member of ...
Nango Rieko - - 2003
To investigate apoptosis induced by selenite in hepatocytes in vivo, rats received a single injection of sodium selenite immediately after partial hepatectomy. Characteristic DNA fragmentation in gel electrophoresis and in situ end-labeling and the increase in caspase-3 activity were observed at 4 h after partial hepatectomy with selenite injection. The ...
Todorova Valentina K - - 2003
In the cerebellar vermis of schizophrenic patients, our previous studies have revealed alterations in the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase signaling cascade and downstream transcription factors within the c-fos promoter. Since the proteins of the Fos and Jun families of immediate-early genes dimerize to form activating protein (AP)-1, the present study ...
Brunello Nicoletta - - 2003
The discovery of lithiums efficacy as a mood-stabilizing agent revolutionized the treatment of patients with bipolar disorder and after five decades, lithium continues to be the mainstay of treatment for bipolar disorder. Recent research on the molecular mechanism underlying the therapeutic effect of lithium has focused on how it changes ...
Bamba Shigeki - - 2003
IL-11 inhibits the activation of NF-kappaB and induces the Th2 polarization of CD4+ T cells. The clinical utility of IL-11 is being investigated in Crohn's disease. However, physiological secretion of IL-11 in the intestine remains unclear. In this study, we investigated IL-11 secretion in human intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). Intestinal ...
Busk Peter K - - 2003
Cardiac hypertrophy is induced by a number of stimuli and can lead to cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is characterized by increased cell size and altered gene expression. By differential-display polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting we found that the transcriptional coactivator MBF1 was upregulated during hypertrophy in cardiomyocyte ...
Weston Claire R - - 2003
The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) group of mitogen-activated protein kinases is stimulated in response to a wide array of cellular stresses and proinflammatory cytokines. Mice lacking individual members of the Jnk family (Jnk1, Jnk2, and Jnk3) are viable and survive without overt structural abnormalities. Here we show that mice with ...
Xu Ningchun - - 2003
Studies of ovine interferon-tau (oIFNtau) gene regulation, an anti-luteolytic factor produced by conceptuses of the ruminant ungulates, have been carried out, but a definitive mechanism for its spatial-temporal transcription has not been elucidated. Recently, specific binding regions for transcription factors AP-1 and Ets-2 on the oIFNtau gene were identified; however, ...
Kim Joanne - - 2003
The activating protein 1 (AP-1) family of regulatory proteins is characterized as immediate-early inducible transcription factors which were shown to be activated by a variety of stress-related stimuli and to be involved in numerous biological processes, including cellular and viral gene expression, cell proliferation, differentiation, and tumorigenesis. We have recently ...
Pilka R - - 2003
The human endometrium is a dynamic tissue, which undergoes extensive tissue remodelling during the menstrual cycle. Due to their involvement in such processes, several well-characterized matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) have previously been studied in the endometrium. MMP-26 is a newly described matrilysin. We studied MMP-26 mRNA in 39 normal endometrial samples ...
Clarke C J P - - 2003
IFI 16 is a member of the HIN-200 family of transcriptional regulators that suppress cell growth, modulate the cell cycle and have been linked to cellular differentiation. We hypothesized that the activity of IFI 16 depends on its level of expression and therefore studied the transcriptional activity of the IFI ...
Peakman M-C - - 2003
Administration of cocaine induces the Fos family of transcription factors in the striatum, including the nucleus accumbens (NAc), a brain region important for the rewarding effects of addictive drugs. Several Fos proteins are induced acutely by cocaine, with stable isoforms of DeltaFosB predominating after chronic drug administration. However, it has ...
Preston Thomas J - - 2003
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) can interact with intracellular signaling pathways to regulate cell behavior. The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase 1 (JNK1) signal, involved in diverse aspects of cellular functioning, is implicated as a cell sensor of redox stress. The growth-inhibitory effect of both high-level H(2)O(2) and H(2)O(2)-scavenging catalase treatments is accompanied by ...
Nakashima Akira - - 2003
Several treatments which regulate tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) transcription, such as stress in vivo, or 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in cell culture, induce both Egr1 and AP1 factors. Previously, we identified a functional Egr1 motif overlapping with Sp1 site in the rat TH promoter. Its response to Egr1 also required the presence of ...
Munz Christine - - 2003
c-Jun is a member of the AP-1 family of transcription factors regulating expression of specific target genes in a variety of cellular processes including proliferation, stress response, and tumorigenicity. In the present study we have analyzed the mechanism of c-Jun function as a transactivator with respect to members of the ...
Papachristou D J - - 2003
Osteosarcomas represent the most common primary malignant bone tumors; however, comprehension of the molecular mechanisms underlying their pathogenesis is far from thorough. Studies in cultured cells have demonstrated that the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction pathway participates in the proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis of osteoblasts. Phosphorylated JNKs activate the ...
Ventura Juan-Jose - - 2003
The c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) is activated by the cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF). This pathway is implicated in the regulation of AP-1-dependent gene expression by TNF. To examine the role of the JNK signaling pathway, we compared the effects of TNF on wild-type and Jnk1(-/-) Jnk2(-/-) murine embryo fibroblasts. ...
Perkins Kelly J - - 2003
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is caused by dystrophin deficiency, which can be prevented in the mdx mouse model by over-expression of an autosomal homologue, utrophin. Utrophin has two characterised full-length promoters, A and B. No data are available on the transcriptional regulation of B utrophin, which has been recently localised to ...
Okada Yuka - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Activator protein-1 (AP-1) is a ubiquitous transcription factor which is believed to modulate cell behaviors such as proliferation and differentiation during wound healing and embryonic tissue morphogenesis. AP-1 consists of Fos family and Jun family proteins. METHODS: We examined expression pattern of c-fos mRNA and c-Fos protein in developing ...
Bianchi Elisabetta - - 2003
RING finger proteins have been implicated in many fundamental cellular processes, including the control of gene expression. A key regulator of light-dependent development in Arabidopsis thaliana is the constitutive photomorphogenesis protein 1 (atCOP1), a RING finger protein that plays an essential role in translating light/dark signals into specific changes in ...
Wu Lihua - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in smooth muscle cell (SMC) migration and proliferation during vascular remodelling. To investigate the expression of MMP-12 by SMCs, we examined the protein secretion and mRNA expression of MMP-12 by cultured medial SMCs and intimal SMCs derived from human aortic atherosclerotic lesions. ...
Yumita Wataru - - 2003
The translation product of the MEN1 gene, menin, has been reported to suppress JunD-mediated activator protein-1 (AP-1) transactivation and inhibit Ras-mediated tumor formation, but its molecular mechanisms and physiologic significance have been poorly elucidated. To better understand the function of menin as a tumor suppressor, we examined the effect of ...
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