Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1765
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Johansen C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common benign skin disease characterized by hyperproliferation and abnormal differentiation of keratinocytes. The transcription factor activator protein 1 (AP-1) is known to play an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate AP-1 DNA binding activity in psoriatic skin. METHODS: Keratome biopsies were taken ...
Hahm Eun-Ryeong - - 2004
In a previous study, we observed that some synthetic curcumin analogs inhibited complex formations between Fos-Jun heterodimer and activator protein-1 (AP-1) DNA. These curcumin analogs have been observed to repress the AP-1 transcription in AP-1-transfected cells and they also inhibited the increased expression of Jun/AP-1 protein by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in ...
De-Castro Arce Johanna - - 2004
Expression of the nuclear retinoic acid receptor beta2 (RARbeta2) gene is often disturbed in cervical carcinoma cells. One important mechanism by which RARbeta2 can exert growth inhibitory function is based on its ability to repress the AP-1 transcription factor in a ligand-dependent manner. Because less is known about the biological ...
Toh Wen Hong - - 2004
Chemotherapeutic drugs and stress signals activate p73, the structural and functional homologue of p53, both by transcriptional activation and post-translational modifications. However, cisplatin, a DNA damage-inducing chemotherapeutic agent, is thought to regulate p73 only by affecting its stability through mechanisms involving the MLH-1/c-Abl signaling cascade. Here we show that c-Jun, ...
Choi Yoon Ha - - 2004
Small heterodimer partner (SHP) is an atypical member of nuclear receptor superfamily that lacks a DNA binding domain. Here, we show that SHP expression increases during monocytic differentiaton with exposure HL-60 leukemia cells to a 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) response element, whose treatment induced the SHP promoter activity dependent on c-Jun expression, ...
Görögh T - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The JNK 3 gene encodes a protein which belongs to the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, a group of molecules involved in signaling pathways. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Messenger RNA extracted from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and normal upper aerodigestive tract mucosa keratinocytes was reversely transcribed. The ...
Wang Xu - - 2004
BACKGROUND: An increased expression of Fos, the protein product of the immediate early gene c-fos, in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) is associated with dysfunction in baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate. Our previous studies demonstrated that ethanol attenuates baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) in rats and humans. In this study, we ...
Okada Akinobu - - 2004
Expression of transcription factors binding to the activating protein-1 (AP-1) site is induced by estrogens in association with epithelial proliferation in the uterus, but, in the oviduct, the relationship between cell proliferation and differentiation and AP-1 transcription factors is not well understood. In the developing rat oviduct, we found that ...
Ventura Juan-Jose - - 2004
The c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) has been implicated in the function of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta). To test the role of JNK, we examined the effect of compound disruption of the murine genes that encode the ubiquitously expressed isoforms of JNK (Jnk1 and Jnk2). We report that JNK-deficient fibroblasts ...
Luo Xiaoping - - 2004
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analog (GnRHa) is used for medical management of endometriosis and premature luteinizing hormone surge during controlled ovarian stimulation. Human endometrium expresses GnRH receptors, and GnRHa alters the expression of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and receptors in endometrial cells. Because the diverse biological actions of GnRHa and TGF-beta are ...
Raivich Gennadij - - 2004
Nerve injury triggers numerous changes in the injured neurons and surrounding nonneuronal cells that ultimately result in successful target reinnervation or cell death. c-Jun is a component of the heterodimeric AP-1 transcription factor, and c-Jun is highly expressed in response to neuronal trauma. Here we have investigated the role of ...
Farrow Kathryn N - - 2004
The protooncogene c-Jun and its oncogenic isoform v-Jun are members of the activator protein 1 family of transcription factors that have been shown to have differential transcriptional effects that are both promoter specific and cell type specific. Previously, we have demonstrated that whereas c-Jun inhibits pituitary-specific rat prolactin (rPRL) promoter ...
Shirai Kumi - - 2004
We carried out immunohistochemistry in embryonic eye-specific antibodies in the mouse to determine the spatial/temporal expression pattern of c-Fos and c-Jun proteins--the main components of the AP-1 transcription factor, in lens epithelial cells during mouse lens morphogenesis. c-Fos protein expression was detected in the equatorial epithelium at E14.5-P25, with a ...
Wu Zhaolong - - 2004
Oxidized Low Density Lipoprotein (Ox-LDL)-induced overproduction of the prosclerotic cytokine transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta(1)) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of renal fibrosis and sclerosis. Because Ox-LDL increases TGF-beta(1) mRNA levels in rat mesangial cells, our investigation was designed to characterize these effects on the rat TGF-beta(1) promoter activity. We ...
Murtagh Janice - - 2004
Mammary epithelial cells cultured on a concentrated laminin-rich extracellular matrix formed 3D acinar structures that matured to polarized monolayers surrounding a lumen. In the absence of glucocorticoids mature acinus formation failed and the expression of an acinus-associated, activator protein 1 (AP1) and nuclear factor kappaB transcription factor DNA-binding profile was ...
Kondo Takeshi - - 2004
1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3) rapidly and transiently suppressed OPG gene expression both by accelerating the degradation of mRNA and by suppressing promoter activity. The latter process was mediated through the AP-1 binding site by a reduction in the proportion of phospho-c-Jun in a JNK-independent manner. INTRODUCTION: Osteoclastogenesis is regulated by an integrated ...
Matsumoto Makoto - - 2004
The 3-hydroxyl-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors, or statins, are a widely used class of drugs for cholesterol reduction. The reduction in mortality and morbidity in statin-treated patients is incompletely explained by their effects on cholesterol, and an anti-inflammatory role for the drug has been proposed. We report in this work that, ...
Tindberg Niclas - - 2004
Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) exhibits a pronounced oxidase activity that may mediate apoptotic injury in glial cells as well as hepatocytes. Strict regulation of CYP2E1 and it's activity is therefore thought to be crucial. We have studied CYP2E1 transcriptional regulation in primary cortical glial cells and have identified a novel ...
Rosenau Christopher - - 2004
Transcription factors are DNA-binding proteins that regulate the expression of specific genes by controlling transcription initiation. Two families of transcription factors, NFkappaB and AP-1, play pivotal roles in controlling important cellular processes ranging from normal cell growth and differentiation to apoptosis and cancer. Identifying changes in the DNA-binding activity of ...
Ammon-Treiber Susanne - - 2004
Multiple approaches have been performed to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying drug withdrawal in opioid-dependent animals. Opiate withdrawal represents a state of neuronal hyperexcitability in the brain that leads to alterations in a number of second-messenger systems which, in turn, induce expression of transcription factors. Whereas earlier studies have primarily ...
Ahn J D - - 2004
Diabetic nephropathy is characterized by an expansion of glomerular mesangium, caused by mesangial cell proliferation and excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, which eventually leads to glomerulosclerosis and renal failure. Activator protein-1 (AP-1), a transcription factor, is implicated in the transcriptional regulation of a wide range of genes participating ...
Givant-Horwitz Vered - - 2004
The expression of the M(r) 67,000 laminin receptor, a nonintegrin laminin receptor, was found to be up-regulated in neoplastic cells and to directly correlate with invasion and metastatic potential. In the present study, we investigated the role of laminin receptor in mediating laminin effects and the involvement of the mitogen-activated ...
Sugioka Yoshihiko - - 2004
Transcription factor c-Jun serves for cellular proliferation, survival, differentiation and transformation and is recognized as an important factor in cancer development, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of present study is to determine the involvement of c-Jun in matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression, which is previously reported by us to be ...
Waetzig Vicki - - 2004
The research in the field of AP-1 transcription factor expression, such as Jun or Fos proteins, in the brain was a milestone in neurosciences. The last years have provided growing insights into the upstream signal transduction which controls the expression and activation of these transcriptional regulators. In particular, the c-Jun ...
Mitchell Jennifer A - - 2004
During pregnancy, stretch of the uterus, imposed by the growing fetus, is an important signal for the induction of genes involved in the onset of labor. In this study, the expression of activator protein-1 (AP-1) family mRNAs in response to in vitro stretch was investigated in myometrial cells. Rat primary ...
Hommura Fumihiro - - 2004
The transcription complex activator protein-1 (AP-1) plays a role in a diverse number of cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. To identify AP-1-responsive target genes, we used a doxycycline-inducible c-Jun system in Rat1a cells. The HMG-I/Y chromatin binding protein was found to be up-regulated by c-Jun. Following induction of ...
Brellier Florence - - 2004
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the major types of skin cancer arising from keratinocytes. The SONIC HEDGEHOG pathway is deregulated in 100% of sporadic BCCs, as indicated by the overexpression of PATCHED, whose product encodes the receptor of SONIC HEDGEHOG, in 100% of analyzed BCCs. Reverse transcription-PCR analysis ...
Le Ngoc Hang - - 2004
Polycystin-1, the polycystic kidney disease 1 gene product, has been implicated in several signaling complexes that are known to regulate essential cellular functions. We investigated the role of polycystin-1 in Wnt signaling and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation. To this aim, a membrane-targeted construct encoding the conserved C-terminal region of mouse ...
Selvamurugan Nagarajan - - 2004
We have previously shown that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1, a crucial molecule in metastatic bone cancer, stimulates collagenase-3 expression in the human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB231. To understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for TGF-beta1 response on collagenase-3 promoter activity, a functional analysis of the promoter region of the collagenase-3 ...
Marinissen Maria Julia - - 2004
RhoA regulates the actin cytoskeleton and the expression of genes associated with cell proliferation. This includes c-fos and c-jun, which are members of the AP1 family of transcription factors that play a key role in normal and aberrant cell growth. Whereas RhoA stimulates the c-fos SRE by a recently elucidated ...
Kesavan Kamala - - 2004
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are regulated by MAPK kinases (MKKs), which are in turn regulated by MKK kinases (MKKKs). While a single MKKK can regulate several different MAPK family members, and several MKKKs can often activate the same MAPK, emerging evidence indicates a unique role for individual MKKKs in acting ...
Abidi Parveen - - 2004
Excessive oxidative stress and associated macromolecular damage are considered to be key features of aging, and appear to contribute to the age-related decline in steroid hormone production in adrenal and testicular Leydig cells. The current studies were initiated to examine the potential mechanism by which excessive oxidative stress during aging ...
Thébault Sabine - - 2004
Human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) bZIP factor (HBZ) is a viral basic leucine zipper protein that was originally described as a partner of cAMP response element binding protein-2 and as a repressor of HTLV-I viral transcription. In addition, HBZ is able to interact with the activator protein-1 (AP-1) ...
Bhoumik Anindita - - 2004
The notorious resistance of melanoma cells to drug treatment can be overcome by expression of a 50-aa peptide derived from activating transcription factor 2 (ATF2(50-100)). Here we demonstrate that ATF2(50-100) induced apoptosis by sequestering ATF2 to the cytoplasm, thereby inhibiting its transcriptional activities. Furthermore, ATF2(50-100) binds to c-Jun N-terminal kinase ...
Karamouzis M V - - 2004
The anticancer effects of retinoids are mainly mediated by their nuclear receptors. Recent studies have demonstrated that retinoic acid receptor beta (RARbeta) plays a pivotal role from the early stages of laryngeal carcinogenesis; however, the exact mechanism of this detrimental effect has not yet been elucidated. One of the best-documented ...
Bamberger Ana-Maria - - 2004
The human placenta is a tissue with a unique capacity for rapid, but--as opposed to malignant tumours--tightly controlled proliferation and invasion capacity. The members of the activating protein-1 (AP-1) family of transcription factors are key regulators of cellular proliferation, differentiation and invasion processes in many systems and could, thus, play ...
Taimor G - - 2004
In some models of cardiac hypertrophy, activation of activator protein 1 (AP-1) correlates with growth. However, AP-1 is also activated by stimuli not involved in cardiac growth. This raises the following questions: does AP-1 plays a causal role for cardiomyocyte growth, and is this role model or stimulus dependent? We ...
Birt Diane F - - 2004
Dietary energy restriction (DER) has long been known to strikingly inhibit carcinogenesis in many animal models. The animal data has been corroborated by recent and ongoing epidemiological studies demonstrating the importance of energy balance, physical exercise and obesity in human cancer. Dr. Edward Bresnick provided key insights into this important ...
Peralta-Zaragoza Oscar - - 2004
Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) is a template-independent DNA polymerase that catalyses the incorporation of deoxyribonucleotides into the 3'-hydroxyl end of DNA templates and is thought to increase junctional diversity of antigen receptor genes. TdT is expressed only on immature lymphocytes and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cells and its transcriptional expression is ...
Chuen Carmen Ka Yee - - 2004
The multifunctional cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) plays a central role in the body's immune and inflammatory responses. The mechanism of IL-1beta on thrombocytosis and megakaryocytopoiesis has remained controversial. In previous reports, we have demonstrated the expression of IL-1 receptors (IL-1RI and IL-1RII) and enhancing effects of IL-1beta on primary human megakaryocytic ...
Wertz Ingrid E - - 2004
Arabidopsis thaliana De-etiolated-1 (AtDET1) is a highly conserved protein, with orthologs in vertebrate and invertebrate organisms. AtDET1 negatively regulates photomorphogenesis, but its biochemical mechanism and function in other species are unknown. We report that human DET1 (hDET1) promotes ubiquitination and degradation of the proto-oncogenic transcription factor c-Jun by assembling a ...
Daubeuf Sandrine - - 2004
In the present study the molecular mechanisms underlying tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) mediated regulation of the human gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) gene were examined. TPA challenge of HeLa cells resulted in an increase of GGT mRNA and enzyme activity. Deletion analysis of the promoter revealed that the -348 to +60 fragment was able to ...
Cho Kiho - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Although the pathophysiology of the adrenocortical response after injury has been described, alterations in the molecular profile (e.g. transcription factors) of the adrenal gland itself are not well understood. The regulation of c-Fos, c-Jun, and c-Jun phosphorylation in the adrenal gland after burn injury was investigated in this study. ...
Hsiao Chin-ju J - - 2004
The effect of Cadmium (Cd) on the expression of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), c-jun, and activator protein-1 (AP-1) has been investigated. We previously reported that Cd causes cell damage as indicated by increases in the cytotoxic parameters, lactate dehydrogenase and lipid peroxidation, and this damage was mediated by decreases in ...
Wisniewska Marta - - 2004
Ca2+-regulated nuclear factor of activated T cell (NFAT) family members are transcription factors crucial for the expression of various cytokine and other immunoregulatory genes. Moreover, NFAT transcription factors are involved in the regulation of development, maturation and selection of thymocytes. Typically, the NFAT complex is made up of NFATc (NFATc1-4) ...
Bene Anca - - 2004
Transfection of cells with short double-stranded synthetic DNA molecules that contain a transcription factor binding site, known as decoy oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs), has been proposed as a novel approach in vitro and in vivo for the study of gene regulation and for gene therapy. Once delivered into cells, decoy ODNs are ...
Betanzos Abigail - - 2004
ZO-2 is a membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) protein present at the tight junction (TJ) of epithelial cells. While confluent monolayers have ZO-2 at their cellular borders, sparse cultures conspicuously show ZO-2 at the nuclei. To study the role of nuclear ZO-2, we tested by pull-down assays and gel shift analysis ...
Manna Pulak R - - 2004
cAMP-dependent mechanisms regulate the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein even though its promoter lacks a consensus cAMP response-element (CRE, TGACGTCA). Transcriptional regulation of the StAR gene has been demonstrated to involve combinations of DNA sequences that provide recognition motifs for sequence-specific transcription factors. We recently identified and characterized three canonical ...
Pearson Andree G - - 2003
The AP-1 transcription factor c-Jun is induced in axotomized neurons of the peripheral and central nervous systems, and in both cases upregulation of c-Jun expression has been correlated with axonal regeneration. More recently there has been interest in the c-Jun-related bZIP transcription factor, ATF3, and its function in neurons. ATF3 ...
Lu Qiang - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate c-jun expression in surviving and axon-regenerating retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and the effect of intravitreal neurotrophic supply on c-jun expression. METHODS: All animals underwent optic nerve transection (ONT) 0.5 mm behind the eyeball. Some animals underwent a replacement of the optic nerve with an autologous sciatic nerve ...
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