Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1779
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Yu Xinfeng - - 2006
A group of potential differentiation-associated genes had been identified by microarray analysis as c-Jun/AP-1 target genes essential for epithelial differentiation program. Our previous study showed that c-Jun/AP-1 could bind and activate these gene promoters in vivo using chromatin immunoprecipitation. To further understand how the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways regulate ...
Polak P - - 2006
The cytoskeleton is a dynamic network that undergoes restructuring during various cellular events, influencing cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Here, we report that accumulation of c-Jun, a member of the AP1 family of transcription factors that play a key role in normal and aberrant cell growth, dramatically increases upon depolymerization ...
Spence Heather J - - 2006
The transcription factor AP-1, which is composed of Fos and Jun family proteins, plays an essential role in tumor cell invasion by altering gene expression. We report here that Krp1, the AP-1 up-regulated protein that has a role in pseudopodial elongation in v-Fos-transformed rat fibroblast cells, forms a novel interaction ...
Madsen Torsten M - - 2006
Members of the inducible transcription factor Fos family, that are part of the AP-1 complex that binds to the corresponding promoter site, are implicated in the regulation of gene transcription after acute and chronic seizures. However, little is known about the temporal expression of the AP-1 transcription factors and if ...
Moon Hyung-In - - 2006
UV-induced matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) cause connective tissue damage and the skin to become wrinkled and aged. Here, we investigated the effect of 2',4',7-trihydroxyisoflavone (THF) on UV-induced MMP-1 expression in human skin fibroblasts (HSFs). We found that UV irradiation increases MMP-1 expression and that this is mediated by ERK and JNK ...
Simonneaux Valérie - - 2006
The Syrian hamster is a rodent species in which the photoperiodic change in the melatonin peak duration is pivotal for the synchronization of annual functions, like reproduction. In this species, the activity of arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AANAT), the key enzyme for the rhythmic synthesis of melatonin, is precisely controlled and time-gated, ...
Bishnupuri Kumar S - - 2006
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Reg IV, a secreted protein and member of the Reg multigene family, is up-regulated in malignancies of the human gastrointestinal tract, including colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, in vitro signal transduction pathway(s) utilized by Reg IV are not yet known. METHODS: To determine the signaling pathway(s) responsive to ...
Zhou Jun - - 2006
A significant impediment to the success of cancer chemotherapy is multidrug resistance (MDR). A typical form of MDR is attributable to the overexpression of membrane transport proteins, such as P-glycoprotein, resulting in an increased drug efflux. In this study, we show that adenovirus-mediated enhancement of the c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) ...
Tiniakos Dina G - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To investigate c-jun oncoprotein (JUN) expression in diseases of the human prostate gland at the tissue level and to determine its relationship to clinicopathologic variables. METHODS: The expression of JUN was studied using immunohistochemistry in archival tissue from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (n = 16) and prostate adenocarcinoma (PCa) ...
Thornton Tina M - - 2006
B cell activating transcription factor (BATF) belongs to the activator protein-1 (AP-1) superfamily of basic leucine zipper transcription factors and forms heterodimers with Jun that possess minimal transcriptional activity. Mice carrying a p56(lck)HA-BATF transgene were created to observe the effects of constitutive expression of this well-characterized AP-1 inhibitor on T ...
Yamaguchi Tatsuo - - 2006
The expressions of the immediate early genes, c-fos and c-jun, and their product proteins C-FOS, C-JUN, and P-JUN were examined in the hippocampal CA1 subfield after global ischemia and reperfusion in rats treated with cyclosporin A. More than 90% neuronal cell death was seen in hippocampal CA1 7 days after ...
Marden, Nicole Yvonne
The cytochrome P450 (CYP) superfamily of enzymes catalyses the oxidative metabolism of lipophilic xenobiotics such as drugs and environmental chemicals, and also plays an essential role in the biosynthesis and metabolism of endogenous compounds such as cholesterol and bile acids, vitamins, steroids, arachidonic acid and eicosanoids. Cytochrome P450 2J2 (CYP2J2) ...
Zhang, Guishui
Cardiovascular disease and cancer are the two most common causes of death worldwide. Angiogenesis plays a critical role tumourigenesis and atherogenesis. As a member of the basic region-leucine zipper protein family, c-Jun, has been linked with cell proliferation, migration and cell survival. However, the relationship between c-Jun and angiogenesis has ...
Bernt Carina - - 2006
Apoptosis induced by toxic bile acids is thought to contribute to liver injury during cholestasis. The transcription factor AP-1 is involved in the induction of apoptosis depending on stimulus and cell type. It is not known whether the major human toxic bile acid, glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA), modulates AP-1 in hepatocytes. ...
Zenz Rainer - - 2006
The Jun proteins Jun, JunB and JunD are core members of activator protein-1 (AP-1), a dimeric transcription factor complex consisting of homo- and heterodimers of the Jun, Fos, activating transcription factor (ATF) and musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma (Maf) families. Growth factors, hormones and a variety of environmental stresses activate mitogen activated protein ...
Wang Xiaoyong - - 2005
Solar UV light comprises UVB wavelengths (290-320 nm) and UVA wavelengths (320-400 nm). UVB radiation reaches the epidermis and, to a lesser extent, the upper part of the dermis, while UVA radiation penetrates more deeply into human skin. Existing studies have demonstrated that UV-irradiated epidermal keratinocytes release cytokines that indirectly ...
Noh Hae Sook - - 2006
The ketogenic diet (KD) has been used to control medically refractory epilepsy in children for more than 80 years. Despite the clinical efficacy of the KD, its underlying bases are still obscure. Previous work from our laboratory has established that the KD has an antiepileptic and neuroprotective effect in the ...
Marden Nicole Y - - 2005
The human cytochrome P450 2J2 (CYP2J2) generates cytoprotective epoxyeicosatrienoic acids from arachidonic acid. Expression of CYP2J2 is decreased in hypoxia, and the resultant decrease in CYP2J2-derived epoxyeicosanoids may contribute to the pathogenesis of cardiac ischaemia. Recent studies have indicated that AP-1 (activator protein-1) regulates CYP2J2 expression in normoxia and hypoxia. ...
Song X - - 2005
Recently we confirmed that latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) encoded by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) accelerates a newly forming active c-Jun/Jun B heterodimer, a transcription factor, but little is known about the target gene regulated by it. In this paper, results indicated that a c-Jun/Jun B heterodimer induced by LMP1 upregulated ...
Schaefer Myriam - - 2005
The anaphylatoxin C3a is a proinflammatory mediator generated during complement activation. The tight control of C3a receptor (C3aR) expression is crucial for the regulation of anaphylatoxin-mediated effects. Key factors regulating constitutive expression of the C3aR in the mast cell line HMC-1 and receptor induction by dibutyryl-cAMP in monomyeloblastic U937 cells ...
Shoichet Sarah A - - 2006
We have investigated the breakpoints in a male child with pharmacoresistant epileptic encephalopathy and a de novo balanced translocation t(Y;4)(q11.2;q21). By fluorescence in situ hybridisation, we have identified genomic clones from both chromosome 4 and chromosome Y that span the breakpoints. Precise mapping of the chromosome 4 breakpoint indicated that ...
Shinoda Chie - - 2005
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major impediment to successful chemotherapy for lung cancer. Overexpression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) appears to be involved in MDR development in lung cancer cells. A number of chemotherapeutic agents including doxorubicin (DOX) were reported to induce MRP1 expression in human lung cancer cells. ...
Vlug Angela S - - 2005
To obtain insight into the morphological and molecular correlates of motoneuron degeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) mice that express G93A mutant superoxide dismutase (SOD)1 (G93A mice), we have mapped and characterized 'sick' motoneurons labelled by the 'stress transcription factors' ATF3 and phospho-c-Jun. Immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization showed that ...
Shimokawa Noriaki - - 2005
Cells are quite sensitive to a change of the extracellular pH and respond to it through detection of the H+/HCO3- level in extracellular fluid. However, little is known about molecular details induced by acidosis, such as intracellular pathways and gene expression. Here we describe properties of gene expression, protein interaction, ...
Dedieu Stephane - - 2006
Retinoic acid and its synthetic analogs exert major effects on many biological processes including cell proliferation and differentiation and are now considered as promising pharmacological agents for prevention and treatment of various cancers. The capacity of retinoids to inhibit AP1-responsive genes seems to be the basis for the chemopreventive and ...
Hashimoto K - - 2005
This study investigates whether the immediate early gene (IEG) products c-Fos and c-Jun are activated in vivo in monkeys with experimental glaucoma, and in vitro in cultured human ONH astrocytes exposed to hydrostatic pressure (HP). Three Rhesus monkeys with mild glaucomatous damage (mean intraocular pressure (IOP) 27 +/- 1.3 mm ...
Hwang Sang-Gu - - 2005
Our previous study indicated that interleukin (IL)-1beta induces expression of several Wnt proteins in chondrocytes and causes chondrocyte dedifferentiation via the c-Jun/activator protein-1 (AP-1) pathway. This study examined whether Wnt-3a causes chondrocyte dedifferentiation via the c-Jun/AP-1 pathway. Wnt-3a inhibited chondrogenesis of mesenchymal cells by stabilizing cell-cell adhesion in a manner ...
Guo Linlang - - 2005
To study the role of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and its relation to transcription factor AP-1 and Jun family proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with or without hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization techniques were performed for studying phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK), c-Jun, JunB, JunD and AP-1 ...
Das Aditi A Sealy Center for Molecular Science and Department of Human Biological Chemistry and Genetics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77555, - - 2005
NEIL1, a mammalian DNA glycosylase and ortholog of Escherichia coli Nei/Fpg, is involved in the repair of oxidatively damaged bases in mammalian cells. Exposure of HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells to reactive oxygen species, generated by glucose oxidase (GO), enhanced the levels of NEIL1 mRNA and polypeptide by 2-4-fold by ...
Gerhauser Ingo - - 2005
Gene products of immediate early genes (IEGs) interact with specific binding sites in promoter regions of inducible and constitutively expressed genes. Thereby, they control transcription of down-stream targets, like pro- and anti-apoptotic genes and matrix-metalloproteinases (MMPs), known to play an important role in development, plasticity, response to injury and repair ...
Hsieh Yih-Shou - - 2006
Amphetamine (AMPH) is known as an anorectic agent. The mechanism underlying the anorectic action of AMPH has been attributed to its inhibitory action on hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY), an appetite stimulant in the brain. This study was aimed to examine the molecular mechanisms behind the anorectic effect of AMPH. Results ...
Su Ming - - 2005
Bone sialoprotein (BSP), a major protein in the extracellular matrix of bone, is expressed almost exclusively by bone cells and by cancer cells that have a propensity to metastasize to bone. Previous studies have shown that v-src stimulates basal transcription of bsp in osteosarcoma (ROS 17/2.8) cells by targeting the ...
Mangone Flavia R R - - 2005
The activating protein-1 (AP-1) family of transcription factors has been implicated in the control of proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes, but its role in malignant transformation is not clear. The aim of this study is to assess the pattern of mRNA expression of jun-fos AP-1 family members in 45 samples ...
Mao Cai-ping - - 2005
AIM: Increased expression of c-fos, c-jun and type IV collagen (CoIV) in glomerular mesangial cells (GMC) are important characteristics of diabetic nephropathy. Both c-fos and c-jun regulate the gene expression of extracellular matrix components, and CoIV is the main component of the extracellular matrix. It has been reported that puerarin ...
Song Xin - - 2005
In our recent studies, we found that LMP1 encoded by Epstein-Barr virus could accelerate the formation of active c-Jun/Jun B heterodimer. We studied the regulation of cyclinD1 by c-Jun/Jun B heterodimers by laser scanning confocal influorescence microscopy, Western blot, luciferase activity assay, super-EMSA and flow cytometry in the Tet-on-LMP1 HNE2 ...
Zhang Wanghai - - 2005
We immunohistochemically examined 75 human colorectal neoplasms (adenoma, 27; adenocarcinoma, 24; neuroendocrine carcinoma, 24) for the expression of activator protein (AP)-1 family proteins. Nuclear and cytoplasmic expression levels of c-Jun and Fra-1 proteins were markedly elevated in adenomas, adenocarcinomas and neuroendocrine carcinomas compared with nonneoplastic colorectal epithelial cells. JunB also ...
Parfett Craig L J - - 2005
Mitogen-regulated protein/proliferin (mrp/plf) gene family transcripts rise in abundance as a response to diverse chemical and physical agents that promote morphological transformation in the murine C3H/10T1/2 cultured cell model of multi-step carcinogenesis. To determine if proliferin genes respond to tumor promoters in vivo, RNA was extracted from the whole skin ...
Briese Juliane - - 2005
The human placenta is an endocrine tissue with a unique capacity for rapid, but tightly controlled, proliferation and invasion. Gestational trophoblastic diseases (GTDs) are placental pathologies with endocrine activity and partially malignant potential and include hydatidiform moles, placental site nodules, and tumors such as placental site trophoblastic tumor and choriocarcinomas. ...
Rodriguez-Melendez Rocio R Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, University of Nebraska at Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, - - 2005
Biotin affects the abundance of mRNA coding for approximately 10% of genes expressed in human-derived hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells. Here, we determined whether effects of biotin on gene expression are associated with changes in the abundance of distinct proteins in cell signaling and structure. HepG2 cells were cultured in media containing ...
Yi Chunling - - 2005
Constitutively photomorphogenic 1 (COP1), a RING finger ubiquitin ligase with substrates including c-Jun and p53, was recently found to be overexpressed in a number of breast and ovarian tumor samples. In addition to its E3 activity, COP1 was also shown to be able to inhibit activator protein 1 (AP-1) transcription. ...
Yamaguchi Kentaro - - 2005
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is considered to be a target for anticancer therapy. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors exhibit antitumor activity, but the mechanisms of action are incompletely understood. We investigated whether HDAC inhibitors blocked AP-1-mediated activation of COX-2 transcription. Trichostatin A and suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid, two structurally related inhibitors of HDAC activity, ...
Hwang Sang-Gu - - 2005
Interleukin (IL)-1beta is a major catabolic pro-inflammatory cytokine involved in cartilage destruction-associated processes, such as loss of the differentiated chondrocyte phenotype (dedifferentiation) and inflammation. Here, we investigated the role of c-Jun and activator protein-1 (AP-1) in IL-1beta-induced dedifferentiation and cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression in primary cultured chondrocytes. IL-1beta induced expression and ...
Huang C-Y Charles - - 2005
Our recent study suggested that cyclic compressive loading may promote chondrogenesis of rabbit bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in agarose cultures through the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta signaling pathway. It has been shown that the activating protein 1 (AP-1) (Jun-Fos) complex mediated autoinduction of TGF-beta1 and its binding activity was ...
Shirai Kumi - - 2005
To determine whether an ocular blunt trauma activates anterior ocular segment (cornea and lens) by examining the expression patterns of c-fos and c-jun mRNAs in these tissues of an eye of adult rat following a blunt trauma. Department of Ophthalmology, Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine, Kimiidera, Wakayama, Japan. Adult ...
Mialon Antoine - - 2005
DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) is a molecular target for the anticancer agent topotecan in the treatment of small cell lung cancer and ovarian carcinomas. However, the molecular mechanisms by which topotecan treatment inhibits cancer cell proliferation are unclear. We describe here the identification of Topo I as a novel ...
Hortala Marylis - - 2005
Tumor cells frequently synthesize an N-terminally extended the FGF-2 isoform of 24 kDa devoid of signal peptide but that contains a functional nuclear localization sequence (NLS). Although the signaling pathways elicited by secreted FGF-2 are well described, the molecular mechanisms involved in the growth promoting action of nuclearized 24 kDa ...
Kayahara Midori M Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Manchester, The Michael Smith Building, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PT, United - - 2005
To further understand how the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways regulate AP-1 activity, we have elucidated the physiological role of these cascades in the regulation of c-jun gene expression. c-Jun is a crucial component of AP-1 complexes and has been shown in vitro to be a point of integration ...
Fei Jian-Wei - - 2005
The mechanism through which cutaneous papillomaviruses induce lesions is largely unknown. Ectopic expression of the DeltaNp63alpha isoform highly increased the viral promoter activity. The co-expression of c-Jun mediated and increased the DeltaNp63alpha activity by binding to the AP-1 site in an enhancer region of the HPV 20 URR. This strong ...
Xiao Jian-Sheng - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Ischemia/reperfusion is the main cause of hepatic damage in liver transplantation. Immediate early genes (IEGs) encode proteins can regulate expression of cellular response genes after injury, and is associated with tissue repair and cell apoptosis. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects of preconditioning on expression ...
Keeton Adam B - - 2005
Gene33 is a cytoplasmic protein expressed in many cell types, including those of renal and hepatic origin. Its expression is regulated by a large number of mitogenic and stressful stimuli, both in cultured cells and in vivo. Gene33 protein possesses binding domains for ErbB receptors, 14-3-3 proteins, SH-3 domains, and ...
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