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Results 301 - 350 of 857
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Li Chunjin - - 2012
The presence of a complex population of gene transcripts in mature human sperm is well established, and numerous mRNAs and non-coding mRNAs have been identified in sperm of men and other mammalian species using microarray and RT-PCR. The traditional concept that RNAs in mature sperm are only remnants from spermatogenesis ...
Blomberg Jensen M - - 2012
Vitamin D (VD) is important for male reproduction in mammals and the VD receptor (VDR) and VD-metabolizing enzymes are expressed in human spermatozoa. The VD-inactivating enzyme CYP24A1 titrates the cellular responsiveness to VD, is transcriptionally regulated by VD, and has a distinct expression at the sperm annulus. Here, we investigated ...
Karatzanis Alexandros D - - 2012
Tissue angiogenesis is a complex phenomenon that results in the growth of new blood vessels from the microcirculation. This process has been known to play a crucial role in tumor growth as well as several benign diseases. The aim of this study was to assess mRNA expression of various angiogenic ...
Park Sook A - - 2012
[6]-Gingerol is one of the major pungent principles of ginger and has diverse effects, including anti-inflammatory, and antioxidative effects. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are released during the phenotypic transformation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, a process that is involved in the growth of nasal polyps by inducing extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation. ...
Fischer Bettina E - - 2012
It is now well established that mature mammalian spermatozoa carry a population of mRNA molecules, at least some of which are transferred to the oocyte at fertilization, however, their function remains largely unclear. To shed light on the evolutionary conservation of this feature of sperm biology, we analysed highly purified ...
Wang Yan - - 2012
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a novel tumor suppressor gene that can inhibit tumor neoplastic transformation and progression in cultured cells and gene knock-out mouse models. Lost or decreased PDCD4 expression has been associated with progression and prognosis of multiple types of human tumors. However, the expression and clinical ...
Jodar Meritxell - - 2012
BACKGROUNDAlterations in RNAs present in sperm have been identified using microarrays in teratozoospermic patients and in other types of infertile patients. However, so far, there have been no reports on using microarrays to determine the RNA content of sperm from asthenozoospermic patients.METHODSWe started the present project with the goal of ...
Chen Dong - - 2012
During spermatogenesis, germ cells initially expand exponentially through mitoses. A majority of these cells are then eliminated through p53-mediated apoptosis to maintain germline homeostasis. However, the activity of p53 must be precisely modulated, especially suppressed in postmitotic spermatogenic cells, to guarantee robustness of spermatogenesis. Currently, how the suppression is achieved ...
Thompson Helen - - 2012
In the early mouse embryo monocilia on the ventral node rotate to generate a leftward flow of fluid. This nodal flow is essential for the left-sided expression of nodal and pitx2, and for subsequent asymmetric organ patterning. Equivalent left fluid flow has been identified in other vertebrates, including Xenopus and ...
Lambrot Romain - - 2012
The formation of sperm requires tightly regulated gene expression and unique chromatin remodeling. In the present study, we investigated the spermatogenic distribution of the lysine specific histone H3 methyltransferase Ezh2 in mice. The distribution of Ezh2 was highly regulated with its localization predominantly restricted to round spermatids to the peri-nuclear ...
Shin Hyun-Woo - - 2012
RATIONALE: Nasal polyposis implies a refractory clinical course in case of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Although hypoxia is believed to be associated with nasal polyposis, little is known about the mechanism underlying polypogenesis. The authors hypothesized that hypoxia drives nasal polyposis via epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). METHODS: Immunoblotting, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry ...
Nguyen Khac-Hung - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate the expression of erbBs in the nasal mucosa of patients with chronic hypertrophic rhinitis. Procedures: Inferior turbinates were collected from 12 turbinectomized patients with allergic and nonallergic chronic hypertrophic rhinitis. Differential cell counts in the peripheral blood and allergy tests were conducted before surgery. The expressions of ...
Li Honggang - - 2012
BACKGROUNDCell-free seminal mRNA (cfs-mRNA) exists in human ejaculate at high concentrations and with high stability, and contains many tissue-specific transcripts secreted from the male reproductive system. Owing to the sensitivity of RNA technology, cfs-mRNAs are ideal candidates for non-invasive biomarkers of physiopathological conditions. This study applied cfs-mRNA in identifying the ...
Noda T - - 2012
It is necessary to obtain basic information on transcription factors expressed in the spermatids of livestock to determine mechanisms of defective spermiogenesis. In this study, we characterized the activator cAMP responsive element modulator (CREM) ortholog isoforms in porcine testicular germ cells and ejaculated sperm. At least two kinds of porcine ...
Mercier E - - 2012
The pathogenesis of canine sino-nasal aspergillosis (SNA) and lymphoplasmacytic rhinitis (LPR) remains poorly understood. The innate immune system is implicated in the etiology of human chronic rhinosinusitis. Therefore, we hypothesized that dysfunction in innate immunity could be implicated in the pathogenesis of SNA and LPR. Expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) ...
Stumpf G - - 2012
Surgically removed testicular tissue in cryptorchid stallions is sometimes difficult to identify because of morphological and histological malformation. Therefore, a sure method to characterise the removed tissue is required. A 2-year-old Haflinger stallion was castrated after diagnosis of cryptorchidism to remove the left intra-abdomnial testis. Intra-operative exploration of the abdominal ...
Yoshimura Tsuyoshi - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) has various roles in airway physiology and pathophysiology. Monitoring exhaled NO levels is increasingly common to measure airways inflammation and inhaled NO studied for its therapeutic value in premature infants and adult respiratory distress syndrome. NO is produced by 3 isoforms of NO synthase (NOS1, 2, 3), ...
White-Cooper Helen - - 2012
The Drosophila testis has numerous advantages for the study of basic cellular processes, as production of sperm requires a highly orchestrated and complex combination of morphological changes and developmentally regulated transitions. Experimental genetics using Drosophila melanogaster has advanced dramatically with the advent of systems for ectopic expression of genetic elements ...
Wang Ling-Feng - - 2012
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) is involved in the remodeling process of inflammatory airway diseases and is correlated with the severity of asthma. We hypothesized that MMP was associated with the severity of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNPs). We also investigated the effect of allergy on the expression of MMP in ...
Belleannée Clémence - - 2012
The molecular mechanisms implicated in regionalized gene expression in the human epididymis have not yet been fully elucidated. Interestingly, more than 200 microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified in the human epididymis and could be involved in the regulation of mRNA stability and post-transcriptional expression in this organ. Using a miRNA ...
Aarabi Mahmoud - - 2012
Phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ) is a candidate sperm-borne oocyte activating factor (SOAF) which has recently received attention as a potential biomarker of human male infertility. However, important SOAF attributes of PLCζ, including its developmental expression in mammalian spermiogenesis, its compartmentalization in sperm head perinuclear theca (PT) and its release into ...
Zacà Valerio - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate the potential pleiotropic effects of rosuvastatin (RSV) in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium of dogs with moderate heart failure (HF). LV tissue was obtained from HF dogs randomized to 3 months therapy with low-dose RSV (n = 7), high-dose RSV (n = ...
Long Xiao-Bo - - 2012
Clara cell 10-kDa protein (CC10) is a multifunctional protein with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects. Induction of CC10 expression by gene transfection may possess potential therapeutic effect. Nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays a key role in the inflammatory processes of airway diseases. To investigate potential therapeutic effect of CC10 gene transfection ...
Zheng Jing - - 2012
Connexin (Cx) 26 plays a key role in maintaining the integrity of tight junctions. However, the expression and modulation of Cx26 in allergic rhinitis (AR) has not been well understood. We detected the expression of Cx26 in house-dust mite (HDM)-sensitized AR patients and investigated the Cx26 production and modulation in ...
Dikovskaya Dina D Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Dundee, Dundee, Scotland, United - - 2012
The tumour suppressor Adenomatous Polyposis Coli (APC) is required for proper mitosis; however, the exact role of APC in mitosis is not understood. Using demembranated sperm chromatin exposed to meiotic Xenopus egg extract and HeLa cells expressing fluorescently labelled histones, we established that APC contributes to chromatin compaction. Sperm chromatin ...
Capobianco G - - 2012
Endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) are rare neoplasms, which are currently treated by surgery, whereas effective adjuvant therapies have not yet been established. Recently, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression has been described in ESS, and a potential role of EGFR-targeted adjuvant therapies has been proposed. The aim of this study ...
Tamama Kenichi - - 2012
MSCs provide a promising method for cell therapy through their wound healing and tissue regenerative properties. Originally, MSCs' role in wound healing was thought to be tied to their multipotency, but it is now accepted that MSCs mediate the healing process through their strong paracrine capability. EGF was shown to ...
Ehnert Sabrina - - 2012
Bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) play a key role in bone formation. Consequently, it was expected that topical application of recombinant human (rh)BMP-2 and rhBMP-7 would improve the healing of complex fractures. However, up to 36% of fracture patients do not respond to this therapy. There are hints that a systemic ...
Néant-Fery Marie - - 2012
Local protein synthesis in dendrites contributes to the synaptic modifications underlying learning and memory. The mRNA encoding the α subunit of the calcium/calmodulin dependent Kinase II (CaMKIIα) is dendritically localized and locally translated. A role for CaMKIIα local translation in hippocampus-dependent memory has been demonstrated in mice with disrupted CaMKIIα ...
Tai Khalid - - 2012
Regulating transgene expression in vivo by delivering oral drugs has been a long-time goal for the gene therapy field. A novel gene regulating system based on targeted proteasomal degradation has been recently developed. The system is based on a destabilizing domain (DD) of the Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) that ...
Song Juan - - 2012
Small RNAs (sRNAs) are involved in the post-transcriptional regulation of metabolic pathways and in responses to stress and virulence. We analyzed the expression levels of five sRNAs of Staphylococcus aureus during human colonization or infection. Total RNA was isolated from nasal carriers, abscesses and cystic fibrosis patients (20 subjects per ...
Salemi M - - 2012
The most frequent defect of the male urogenital tract at birth is cryptorchidism. Cryptorchidism causes primitive testicular pathology responsible for infertility. Men with Down's syndrome (DS) have an increased risk of cryptorchidism. The spermatid perinuclear RNA-binding protein (STRBP) gene codifies a microtubule-associated RNA-binding protein and it is highly expressed in ...
Lauriello Maria - - 2012
Background. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) represent a family of evolutionarily conserved proteins, that represent a fundamental link between innate and adaptive immune responses. Aim. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of TLR4 and TLR9 in the normal nasal mucosa and in the mucosa of subjects with different ...
Ventelä Sami - - 2012
Protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) is a critical regulator of protein serine/threonine phosphorylation. However, the physiological and developmental roles of different PP2A complexes are very poorly understood. Here, we show that a newly characterized PP2A inhibitory protein CIP2A is co-expressed with ki-67 and with self-renewal protein PLZF in the spermatogonial progenitor ...
Jiang Qian - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate β2-microglobulin (β2-M) expression in normal oral mucosa and progressive oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and to assess the clinical significance of β2-microglobulin expression. The study included 10 cases of normal oral mucosa epithelium specimens, 55 cases of primary OSCC specimens, and ...
Trevino Michael - - 2011
Although regeneration is widespread among metazoa, the molecular mechanisms have been studied in only a handful of taxa. Of these taxa, fewer still are amenable to studies of embryogenesis. Our understanding of the evolution of regeneration, and its relation to embryogenesis, therefore remains limited. Using β-catenin as a marker, we ...
Danielsson K K Department of Odontology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. - - 2012
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease for which the pathogenesis is not fully understood. OLP has autoimmune features and auto immunity has been suggested as a potential cause, whereas WHO has classified OLP as a premalignant condition. Association between chronic inflammation and cancer is known and chronic ...
Zhang W-Y - - 2011
Oral Diseases (2011) Background:  Increasing evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a vital role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate the altered miRNA expression profile in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) and determine the miR-27b expression. Methods:  We compared ...
Lin Ying-Hung - - 2011
SEPTINS (FULL NAME: Septin; symbol name: SEPT) belong to a family of polymerizing GTP-binding proteins that are required for many cellular functions, including membrane compartmentalization, vesicle trafficking, mitosis and cytoskeletal remodeling. Two of the 14 family members in the mammalian species, Septin12 and 14 are expressed specifically in the testis. ...
Stott-Miller Marni M Program in Epidemiology, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109, - - 2011
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) cause degradation of the extracellular matrix and basement membranes, and thus may play a key role in cancer development. In our search for biomarkers for oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC), we compared primary OSCC, oral dysplasia and control subjects with respect to: (i) expression of MMP1, ...
Danielsson K - - 2011
J Oral Pathol Med (2011) Background:  Oral lichen planus (OLP), which is a chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa with unknown etiology, affects about 2% of the population. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs involved in normal processes such as development and differentiation as well as progression of human diseases. ...
Yogesh Tl - - 2011
E-cadherin is known to be an invasion suppressor gene and cathepsin-D, a protease, which is an invasion promoter and plays a central role in solid tumors including oral cancer. To look for the expression pattern in normal buccal mucosa, dysplastic oral epithelium and oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) along with ...
Shin Ki-Hyuk KH School of Dentistry, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA. - - 2011
We previously reported that wild type (wt) hnRNP G exhibited tumor suppressive activity in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (HOSCC) cell lines lacking hnRNP G. Wt hnRNP G markedly inhibited the proliferation capacity, anchorage independency and in vivo tumorigenicity of HOSCC cells and notably enhanced the DNA repair capabilities of ...
Gibb Ewan A EA British Columbia Cancer Agency Research Centre, Vancouver, Canada V5Z 1L3. - - 2011
Oral epithelial dysplasias are believed to progress through a series of histopathological stages; from mild to severe dysplasia, to carcinoma in situ, and finally to invasive OSCC. Underlying this change in histopathological grade are gross chromosome alterations and changes in gene expression of both protein-coding genes and non-coding RNAs. Recent ...
Kesting Marco R - - 2011
Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) defend epithelial surfaces against pathological micro-organisms. We know of no comparison of their expression between the oral mucosa and extraoral epithelium, but knowledge of differences in their quantities is of interest, possibly as a starting point for new treatments. Expression of AMP human beta-defensin (hBD)-1/-2/-3 and psoriasin ...
Garcia-Mata Rafael - - 2011
The 'invisible hand' is a term originally coined by Adam Smith in The Theory of Moral Sentiments to describe the forces of self-interest, competition and supply and demand that regulate the resources in society. This metaphor continues to be used by economists to describe the self-regulating nature of a market ...
Renò Filippo F Human Anatomy Laboratory, Dept. of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Piedmont A. Avogadro, via Solaroli 17, 28100 Novara, Italy. - - 2011
The vegetal alkaloid nicotine has been proved to modify the expression of many keratinocyte markers. In this study, the basal expression of MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-28, and Filaggrin has been evaluated in oral keratinocytes, in order to collect information about the ability of cigarette smoke to modify the basal expression pattern ...
Zhong X - - 2011
The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of oral Gln supplementation on growth performance, intestinal morphology, and expression of heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 in weaning piglets. A total of 65 piglets after weaning at 21 d of age (d 0) were used in this experiment. Five ...
Cao Wei - - 2011
Oral leukoplakia (OL) is the most common premalignancy in the oral cavity. A small proportion of OLs progresses to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). To assess OSCC risk of OLs, we investigated the role of the transcriptional repressor enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) in oral tumorigenesis and its clinical ...
Montebugnoli L - - 2011
The expression of p16(INK4A) has been investigated in oral leukoplakias (OLK), but no data are available about oral lichen planus (OLP). In this study, p16(INK4A) immunohistochemical expression was evaluated in 56 OLP and 36 OLK (12 without inflammation [NI-OLK] and 24 with chronic inflammation [I-OLK]) and compared with 23 reactive ...
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