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Liu Xiao-Wen - - 2013
Tumor hypoxia underlies treatment failure and yields more aggressive and metastatic cancer phenotypes. Although therapeutically targeting these hypoxic environments has been proposed for many years, to date no approaches have shown the therapeutic value to gain regulatory approval. Here, we demonstrated that a novel hypoxia-activated prodrug, Q6, exhibits potent antiproliferative ...
Xiang Jun - - 2013
In order to evaluate SCN2A as a candidate gene for epileptic susceptibility and the use of a Cu-Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD) supplement as a potential therapy for epilepsy, SCN2A expression in the cortex and the correlation between SCN2A and Cu-Zn SOD in SH-SY5Y cells were examined. SCN2A expression and the ...
Boidot Romain - - 2013
Survivin, a small member of the inhibitors of the apoptosis protein family, is highly deregulated in cancer. It is weakly expressed in normal tissues but very strongly expressed in malignant lesions. Survivin is involved in cell-cycle progression, especially in the G2/M transition, and has anti-apoptotic activity, which correlates with its ...
Babalola Olubukola - - 2013
Fibrotic skin disorders may be debilitating and impair quality of life. There are few effective treatment options for cutaneous fibrotic diseases. In this review, we discuss our current understanding of the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in skin fibrosis. miRNAs are a class of small, non-coding RNAs involved in skin fibrosis. ...
Letelier Pablo - - 2013
Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is a highly fatal disease with poor prognosis and few therapeutic alternatives. The molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of GBC remain poorly understood. The vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) is a potent proangiogenic agent involved in the carcinogenesis of many human tumors and is an ...
Liu Yuyuan - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In this study, we investigated the effect of small interfering RNA (siRNA) of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) by pRetro-Super (PRS) retrovirus vector on the expression of CTGF and related extracellular matrix molecules in human renal proximal tubular cells (HKCs) induced by high glucose, to provide help for ...
Koperek Oskar - - 2013
Activation of signal-transcriptional factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is associated with more aggressive behaviour in a variety of human malignancies. As selective STAT3 inhibitors exist, this protein might represent a novel therapeutic target. Although STAT3 seems to play an important role in progression of pancreatic ductal ...
Gao Song - - 2013
Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1 (LOX-1) is a unique scavenger receptor that mediates the binding and uptake of oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) by vascular cells during the development of atherosclerosis. Exposure to ox-LDL induces LOX-1 expression and LOX-1-dependent biological activities, such as activation of NF-κB, a nuclear factor important for signal transduction ...
Parnell Grant P - - 2013
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated disease of the central nervous system which responds to therapies targeting circulating immune cells. Our aim was to test if the T-cell activation gene expression pattern (TCAGE) we had previously described from whole blood was replicated in an independent cohort. We used RNA-seq to ...
Fujino Takayuki - - 2013
p53, a pivotal protein in the apoptotic pathway, has been identified as a mediator of transcriptional responses to ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. The characteristics and functional significance of p53 response in vivo are largely unknown in IR-induced kidney injury. Therapeutic opportunities of delivering small interfering RNA (siRNA) via venous injection have ...
Ma Jiangwei - - 2013
The aim of this study was to characterise the effects of ischemic preconditioning (IP) on heart function parameters (ΔST and ΔT), activities of serum creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and levels of serum nitric oxide (NO), malondialdehyde (MDA), and myocardium Caspase-3 mRNA, SOCS-1, SOCS-3, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and ...
Bedewy Ahmed M L - - 2013
Immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) are key components of treatment for hematologic malignancies, especially multiple myeloma (MM). Cereblon (CRBN) expression was described to be essential for the activity of Thalidomide .Furthermore, IMiD binding to CRBN is cytotoxic to multiple myeloma cells and absence of CRBN confers IMiDs resistance. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a ...
Pranteda G G Dermatology Unit, NESMOS Department, II School of Medicine, Sapienza University Rome, S. Andrea Hospital Rome, - - 2013
Pseudoxanthoma Elasticum-like Papillary Dermal Elastolysis (PXE-PDE) is a peculiar idiopathic elastolytic disorder that clinically resembles Psudoxanthoma elasticum(PXE). It is histologically characterized by a total or partial loss of elastic fibers in the papillary dermis. It more often affects elderly women and is characterized by asymptomatic and symmetrical yellowish papules localized ...
Nuzzo Francesca - - 2013
Antisense molecules are emerging as a powerful tool to correct splicing defects. Recently, we identified a homozygous deep-intronic mutation (F5 c.1296+268A>G) activating a cryptic donor splice site in a patient with severe coagulation factor V (FV) deficiency and multiple life-threatening bleeding episodes. Here we assessed the ability of two mutation-specific ...
Nakao Juna - - 2013
Previous reports have shown that osteoblasts are mechano-sensitive. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) induces osteoblast differentiation and is an established therapy for bone fracture. Here we have examined how LIPUS affects inflammatory responses of osteoblasts to LPS. LPS rapidly induced mRNA expression of several chemokines including CCL2, CXCL1, and CXCL10 in ...
van der Pas R - - 2013
ContextCorticotroph pituitary adenomas often highly express the dopamine 2 receptor (D2R) and somatostatin receptor subtype (sst) 5. The sst2 expression is relatively low, likely resulting from down-regulating effects of high cortisol levels. This may explain why the sst2 preferring somatostatin analog octreotide, compared to the multi-receptor targeting somatostatin analog pasireotide, ...
Bagni Claudia - - 2013
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the leading monogenic cause of intellectual disability and autism. The FMR1 gene contains a CGG repeat present in the 5'-untranslated region which can be unstable upon transmission to the next generation. The repeat is up to 55 CGGs long in the normal population. In patients ...
Wagenseller Aubrey G - - 2013
Targeted therapies directed at commonly overexpressed pathways in melanoma have clinical activity in numerous trials. Little is known about how these therapies influence microRNA (miRNA) expression, particularly with combination regimens. Knowledge of miRNAs altered with treatment may contribute to understanding mechanisms of therapeutic effects, as well as mechanisms of tumor ...
Howangyin Kiave-Yune - - 2013
Upregulation of HIF-1α, through prolyl-hydroxylase domain protein (PHDs) inhibition, can be thought of as a master switch that coordinates the expression of a wide repertoire of genes involved in regulating vascular growth and remodelling. We aimed to unravel the effect of specific PHD2 isoform silencing in cell-based strategies designed to ...
Strimpakos Alexios - - 2013
Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) with wild-type KRAS mutations are often treated with the endothelial growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibody cetuximab. Despite the presence of a specific molecular target, most patients still do not derive benefit from this biological treatment. Our study explores the role of ephrin A2 (EphA2) ...
Zhao Xiaoyin - - 2013
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are attractive candidates for clinical therapeutic applications. Recent studies indicate MSCs express active Toll-like receptors (TLRs), but their effect on MSCs and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found that, after treating human umbilical cord MSCs with various TLR ligands, only TLR3 ligand, ...
Watanabe Masahiro - - 2013
SOX4 is a member of the SOX family of transcription regulators. In recent years, SOX4 was shown to be overexpressed in cancers of various organs and related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition, which is a metastatic factor. This study was the first to investigate correlations between SOX4 expression levels and the clinicopathologic ...
Zhu Yanyun - - 2013
The effect of chemotherapy combined with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) on the immune state of the tumor environment remains unclear and controversial. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of chemotherapy combined with cetuximab (C225, an anti-EGFR mAb) on the immune state of tumor environment, and the correlation ...
Cromer Walter E - - 2013
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is the most common form of inflammatory bowel disease in the USA. A key component of UC is the increase in inflammatory angiogenesis of the colon during active disease. This increase is driven to a great extent by the over expression of VEGF-A. Recently, VEGF165b (VEGF164b in ...
Reeh M M Department of General, Visceral, and Thoracic Surgery, University Hospital Hamburg Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, - - 2013
The Coxsackie- and Adenovirus Receptor (CAR) has been assigned two crucial attributes in carcinomas: (a) involvement in the regulation of growth and dissemination and (b) binding for potentially therapeutic adenoviruses. However, data on CAR expression in cancer types are conflicting and several entities have not been analysed to date. The ...
Bellezza Guido - - 2013
HER family receptors play a critical role in lung carcinogenesis. There is a growing body of evidence showing that cooperation between them contributes to a more aggressive tumor phenotype and impacts on their response to targeted therapy. We explored immunohistochemical co-expression of HER family receptors (HER1, HER2, HER3, HER4) and ...
Klimowicz A C - - 2013
Background:Tumour hypoxia is associated with impaired apoptosis, resistance to therapy and poor prognosis. We previously reported that high stromal expression of the endogenous marker of hypoxia, carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), is associated with significantly reduced survival in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). In addition to hypoxia, CAIX expression is regulated ...
Zhang Kai-Liang - - 2013
Epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) expression is frequently amplified in human glioblastoma cells. Nimotuzumab, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against EGFR, has been used globally in clinics as an anti-cancer agent. It is largely unknown whether the blockade of miR-21, a microRNA that is upregulated in glioma cells, could amplify the ...
Cerda Alvaro - - 2013
Reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) has been inversely related to atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk. The influence of menopause in the RCT process is poorly understood and the effects of cholesterol-lowering interventions, including statins and hormone therapy (HT), on genes controlling the RCT in postmenopausal women are also unknown. The effects on ...
Wang Wei - - 2013
Tumor angiogenesis, a pivotal process for cancer growth and metastasis, requires both upregulation of pro‚ÄĎangiogenic molecules and downregulation of anti‚ÄĎangiogenic molecules. Anti-angiogenesis therapy represents a promising way for cancer treatment. Tumstatin, a novel endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor, inhibits endothelial cell proliferation, pathological angiogenesis and tumor growth. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), overexpressed in ...
Spitali Pietro - - 2013
Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies are caused by out-of-frame and in-frame mutations, respectively, in the dystrophin encoding DMD gene. Molecular therapies targeting the precursor-mRNA are in clinical trials and show promising results. These approaches will depend on the stability and expression levels of dystrophin mRNA in skeletal muscles and heart. ...
Ho Duncun Xun Kiat - - 2013
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an established therapy for movement disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Although the efficacy of DBS is clear, its precise molecular mechanism remains unknown. The glial cell line derived factor (GDNF) family of ligands has been shown to confer neuroprotective effects on dopaminergic neurons, and ...
Eriguchi Yoshihiro - - 2013
We recently demonstrated that expression of α-defensins, the major antimicrobial peptides produced by Paneth cells was severely suppressed in mice with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In this study, we found that antibacterial lectin, regenerating islet-derived IIIγ (RegIIIγ) was upregulated in villous enterocytes, thus demonstrating the reciprocal control of enteric antimicrobial proteins ...
Donley C C School of Pharmacy, McClay Research Centre, Queen's University, Belfast, Northern - - 2014
FKBPL has been implicated in processes associated with cancer, including regulation of tumor growth and angiogenesis with high levels of FKBPL prognosticating for improved patient survival. Understanding how FKBPL levels are controlled within the cell is therefore critical. We have identified a novel role for RBCK1 as an FKBPL-interacting protein, ...
Krell Jonathan J Division of Oncology, Department of Surgery & Cancer, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, Imperial Centre for Translational & Experimental Medicine, Du Cane Road, London, W12 0NN, UK. - - 2013
p53 is one of the most frequently mutated tumor suppressors. It regulates protein-coding genes and noncoding RNAs involved in many cellular processes, functioning predominantly at the transcriptional level but also through nontranscriptional processes. miRNAs have recently been identified as key mediators of the p53 stress-response pathway. p53 regulates miRNA transcription ...
Seeger Florian H - - 2013
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that posttranscriptionally control gene expression by targeting mRNAs. Distinct microRNAs regulate stem and progenitor cell functions, thereby modulating cell survival and homing or controlling differentiation and maturation. Experimental studies additionally show that microRNAs regulate endogenous repair and might potentially be useful to enhance the regeneration ...
De Vriendt Veerle - - 2013
Abstract As dual-specificity phosphatase (DUSP) expression has been correlated to sensitivity to MEK inhibitors, DUSP expression levels may indicate activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in many tumor types. In this study, we investigate if DUSP levels can indicate different levels of MAPK activation within colorectal cancer (CRC) ...
Yang Shujie - - 2013
Endometrial cancer, the most common gynecologic malignancy, is a hormonally-regulated tumor. Response to progestin-based therapy correlates positively with progesterone receptor (PR) expression. However, many endometrial tumors have low levels or loss of PR, limiting the clinical application of progestin. We evaluated the ability of epigenetic modulators to restore functional PR ...
Reis Henning - - 2013
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a distinct type of soft tissue sarcoma holding a specific ASPL-TFE3 fusion transcript. Curative therapy is based on surgical removal, whereas lately, antiangiogenic targeted therapy regimens have proven effective. In ASPS, analysis of small series additionally display mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway activity, ...
Liu L L - - 2013
Prostate tumors develop resistance to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by multiple mechanisms, one of which is to express constitutively active androgen receptor (AR) splice variants lacking the ligand-binding domain. AR splice variant 7 (AR-V7, also termed AR3) is the most abundantly expressed variant that drives prostate tumor progression under ADT ...
Tang Hailin - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify a mechanism related to miRNA pathway which plays a role in the anti-tumor effects of Diallyl disulfide. Alterations in miRNA expression were observed in Diallyl disulfide-treated MGC-803 cells, including up-regulation of miR-200b and miR-22 expression. Furthermore, Wnt-1 was identified as a target ...
Andrade Patrícia F - - 2013
This study has evaluated the effect of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) used in conjunction with non-surgical and surgical periodontal treatment (PT) in modulating gene expression during periodontal wound healing. Fifteen patients with chronic periodontitis, presenting bilaterally lower molars with class III furcation lesions and scheduled for extraction, were selected. In ...
Mlcochova Jitka - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, 18-25-nucleotide long, non-coding single-stranded RNAs, which are capable to regulate gene expression on post-transcriptional level through binding to their target protein-encoding mRNAs. miRNAs regulate individual components of multiple oncogenic pathways. One of them is epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signalling pathway that regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, ...
Liu Sha - - 2013
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) control gene expression by destabilizing target transcripts and inhibiting their translation. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been described in many human diseases, including schizophrenia. However, the effects on miRNA expression in response to antipsychotic treatment in peripheral circulation have not been thoroughly examined. Using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), ...
Huang Xiaoming - - 2013
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Despite the achievements in clinical therapeutics, the HCC mortality rate remains high. A number of artificial microRNA (amiRNA)-based HCC gene therapy studies have demonstrated significant inhibition of invasion and induction of apoptosis of HCC cancer ...
Lee Weon Ju - - 2013
Inflammatory cytokines are the key factor in the pathophysiology of acne. It is well known that keratinocytes synthesize many kinds of inflammatory cytokines. In addition, it is reported that inflammatory cytokines are also expressed from sebocytes, which originate from the same stem cells with keratinocytes. To clarify changes in the ...
Schnerch Dominik - - 2013
Spindle poison-based therapy is of only limited benefit in acute myeloid leukemia while lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma responds well. In this study, we identified the spindle assembly checkpoint protein BubR1 as being downregulated in the vast majority of acute myeloid leukemia patients whereas lymphoblastic cells showed high expression. Accurate function of the ...
Doxani Chrysoula - - 2013
Abstract Data from 30 pharmacogenomic studies that investigated MDR1 mRNA expression or gene variants (C3435T, G2677TA, C1236T) and response to therapy in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) were synthesized. Anthracycline-based regimens were mainly used. MDR1 mRNA overexpression was associated with poor response to therapy [odds ratio (OR) = 2.49 95% confidence interval (CI) ...
Sáez-Ayala Magalí - - 2013
Therapeutic resistance in melanoma and other cancers arises via irreversible genetic, and dynamic phenotypic, heterogeneity. Here, we use directed phenotype switching in melanoma to sensitize melanoma cells to lineage-specific therapy. We show that methotrexate (MTX) induces microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) expression to inhibit invasiveness and promote differentiation-associated expression of the ...
Newton Robert - - 2013
Despite being the most effective anti-inflammatory treatment for chronic inflammatory diseases, the mechanisms by which glucocorticoids (corticosteroids) effect repression of inflammatory gene expression remain incompletely understood. Direct interaction of the glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) with inflammatory transcription factors to repress transcriptional activity, i.e. transrepression, represents one mechanism of action. However, transcriptional ...
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