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Takahashi T - - 2000
Gene targeting experiments have revealed that transcription factors such as c-Myb and GATA-1 play crucial roles during hematopoietic differentiation. c-Myb is necessary in the immature cells of almost every hematopoietic lineage and GATA-1 is essential for the development of the erythroid lineage. In addition, CREB-binding protein (CBP) acts as a ...
Kasono K - - 2000
Ablation of c-Myb function might be an effective approach for the therapy of chronic myelogenous leukemia or other c-myb-dependent malignancies. To this end, we have previously used an intracellular anti-c-Myb single-chain antibody (sFv) to achieve the functional knockout of the c-Myb oncoprotein. In this study, we have employed a tetracycline-inducible ...
Müller C - - 1999
Cyclin A1 differs from other cyclins in its highly restricted expression pattern. Besides its expression during spermatogenesis, cyclin A1 is also expressed in hematopoietic progenitor cells and in acute myeloid leukemia. We investigated mechanisms that might contribute to cyclin A1 expression in hematopoietic cells. Comparison of cyclin A1 and cyclin ...
Suhasini M - - 1999
High levels of c-myb expression are necessary for the proliferation of hematopoietic precursor cells whereas down-regulation of c-myb is required for terminal differentiation; this down-regulation occurs through a conditional block to transcriptional elongation in intron I. We previously observed that cAMP analogs prevented the late down-regulation of c-myb during hexamethylene ...
Bell M V - - 1999
The activity of the c-Myb transcription factor is essential for the development of definitive multi- and uni-lineage progenitors of the haemopoietic system. Reflecting this requirement, c-Myb has been oncogenically activated by transduction in the E26 avian retrovirus which elicits an acute leukaemia by transforming haemopoietic progenitors. Here, we report the ...
Kyrylenko S - - 1999
PTEN phosphatase is a tumor suppressor gene that dephosphorylates phosphatidylinositol phosphates. PTEN restrains the function of a major antiapoptotic and survival pathway involving phosphoinositide 3-kinase and Akt kinase. Our purpose was to find out whether apoptotic inducers affect the expression of PTEN in cerebellar granule neurons and neuroblastoma 2a cells ...
Adachi J - - 1999
OBJECT: Genetic alterations of the PTEN gene (also known as MMAC1 or TEP1) have frequently been identified in high-grade gliomas, indicating that inactivation of PTEN plays a crucial role in human glioma progression. The aim of this study was to assess the biological significance of PTEN inactivation in the development ...
Zorbas M - - 1999
The mammalian colon develops from a simple tube of undifferentiated cells into a complex, highly ordered organ, with a continuously self-renewing epithelial layer. We have previously described c-Myb expression in the epithelia of murine and human colon crypts and documented increased expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma cells. To investigate the role ...
Macejak D G - - 1999
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation is an important component of restenosis in response to injury after balloon angioplasty. Inhibition of proliferation in vivo can limit neointima hyperplasia in animal models of restenosis. Ribozymes against c-myb mRNA have been shown to be effective inhibitors of SMC proliferation in vitro. The effectiveness ...
Introna M - - 1999
Many transcription factors have been found to be oncogenic either when functionally altered through fusion with other proteins or through deregulated expression. However, still little is understood about the mechanism by which these proteins can transform cells of different origin. The Myb transcription factor is emblematic in this respect. Several ...
Andersson K B - - 1999
We have investigated the basis for the striking difference between the broad DNA sequence selectivity of the c-Myb transcription factor minimal DNA-binding domain R(2)R(3) in vitro and the more restricted preference of a R(2)R(3)VP16 protein for Myb-specific recognition elements (MREs) in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae transactivation system. We show that sequence ...
Raschellà G - - 1999
The transcription factors of the Myb family are expressed in several tissues and play an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival In this study, the expression of A-myb, B-myb, and c-myb was investigated in a group of 64 neuroblastomas at different dinical stages by a sensitive reverse transcription-PCR ...
Verbeek W - - 1999
C/EBPepsilon is essential for granulocytic differentiation. We investigated the role of C/EBPepsilon in the transcriptional activation of various myeloid-specific genes. We found that two C/EBPepsilon isoforms, p32 and p30, possessing transcriptional activation domains were coexpressed in myeloid cells. Interestingly, isoform C/EBPepsilon p30 but not p32 was differentially upregulated in NB-4 ...
Grassilli E - - 1999
Transcriptional regulators of the Myb family play important roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. To investigate the role of Myb proteins in the regulation of apoptosis, we studied the apoptotic response of interleukin 2-dependent CTLL-2 cells stably transfected with B-Myb. B-Myb-overexpressing cells showed a diminished cytokine dependence and were ...
Magócsi M - - 1999
Erythropoietin (Epo) is the principal regulator of the production of circulating erythrocytes by controlling the proliferation, the differentiation and the survival of the erythroid progenitor cells. Early down-regulation of c-myb expression in erythroleukemia cells is a common feature of the action of Epo and chemical inducers of differentiation such as ...
Morimoto A M - - 1999
MMAC1, also known as PTEN or TEP-1, was recently identified as a gene commonly mutated in a variety of human neoplasias. Sequence analysis revealed that MMAC1 harbored sequences similar to those found in several protein phosphatases. Subsequent studies demonstrated that MMAC1 possessed in vitro enzymatic activity similar to that exhibited ...
Gilmore M M - - 1999
Proper expression of the c-myb proto-oncogene is essential for definitive, but not primitive erythropoiesis. To examine the role of c-myb during adult erythropoiesis, we incubated purified murine colony-forming units (CFU-E) with a c-myb-specific antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (AS-oligo) in order to diminish expression levels. By western blot analysis, c-myb expression was reduced ...
Kypreos K E - - 1998
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), a member of the fibroblast growth factor family, potently induces increased vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and decreased expression of type I collagen. Recently, our laboratory demonstrated that, in bovine vascular SMCs, expression of B-myb, a member of the myb gene family, is dependent ...
Tomita A - - 1998
The c-MYB proto-oncogene encodes a transcription factor which plays an important role in hematopoiesis. We detected truncated c-MYB mRNA (2.0 kb) and c-Myb protein (55 kDa) in the TK-6 cell line, which was established from a patient with chronic myelogenous leukemia in T cell blast crisis. Mutated c-MYB cDNA clone ...
Scholtz G - - 1998
We examined embryos of representatives of crustaceans, myriapods and insects with respect to DII expression in the mouthparts. In order to examine the relationships between mandibular DII expression and the occurrence of a mandibular palp we compared amphipod, isopod and decapod crustacean species. In species with mandibular palps, DII expression ...
Bein K - - 1998
The nuclear transcription factor c-Myb, which is highly expressed in hematopoietic cells, has been shown to be functional in NIH 3T3 cells: cells that do not possess detectable levels of c-Myb. To identify endogenous target genes of c-Myb in fibroblasts, RNA isolated from NIH 3T3 cells stably transfected with a ...
Miyake K - - 1998
RP105 is a leucine-rich repeat molecule that is expressed on mouse B cells and transmits a growth-promoting signal. An anti-RP105 Ab precipitated additional molecules as well as RP105. These molecules were found to be a mouse homologue of chicken MD-1. Chicken MD-1 was previously isolated as a v-myb-regulated gene, since ...
Zemanová K - - 1998
The process of hematopoiesis is critically dependent on correct interactions of multiple regulatory molecules and transcription factors. We have studied the interactions of the v-Myb and retinoic acid receptor proteins which have opposing effects on hematopoiesis. While v-myb acts as a transforming oncogene preventing differentiation of monoblasts to macrophages, RAR ...
Waites R - - 1998
The organs of a higher plant show two fundamental axes of asymmetry: proximodistal and dorsoventral. Dorsoventrality in leaves, bracts, and petal lobes of Antirrhinum majus requires activity of the PHANTASTICA (PHAN) gene. Conditional mutants revealed that PHAN is also required for earlier elaboration of the proximodistal axis. PHAN was isolated ...
Pfitzner E - - 1998
The c-myb protooncogene is predominantly expressed in hematopoietic cells and plays a vital role in hematopoiesis. Retinoic acid (RA) is able to induce differentiation of several hematopoietic cells. This differentiation is linked to decreased c-myb expression, suggesting that retinoid receptors (RAR/RXR) may down-regulate c-myb gene expression. Furthermore, recent data indicate ...
Leuba-Garcia S - - 1998
Several studies have described changes in the expression of proteins, especially of OspA and OspC, of B. burgdorferi sensu stricto during tick feeding. In this study, the expression of OspA and OspC of B. afzelii in unfed and feeding I. ricinus nymphs and in the subsequent adults was followed by ...
Gonda T J - - 1998
The c-myb gene is the cellular homologue of the v-myb oncogenes carried by the avian leukaemia viruses AMV and E26. It encodes a transcription factor (c-Myb), as does each of the viral oncogenes, which recognises the core DNA sequence C/T-A-A-C-G/T-G via a repeated helix-turn-helix-like motif. c-myb is expressed in immature ...
Ratajczak M Z - - 1998
Kit is a tyrosine kinase receptor that plays an important role in human hematopoietic cell growth. The promoter elements that modulate the gene's expression have not been extensively studied. Because of c-kit's acknowledged importance in hematopoiesis, we sought to address this issue in more detail. To perform these studies we ...
Walker M J - - 1998
The rapidly increasing incidence of malignant melanoma and lack of effective systemic therapy for advanced disease has given rise to the need for new approaches. The suggestion that c-myb may be an important gene in the control of melanoma proliferation prompted the exploration of its expression in several metastatic melanoma ...
Heinemeyer T - - 1998
TRANSFAC, TRRD (Transcription Regulatory Region Database) and COMPEL are databases which store information about transcriptional regulation in eukaryotic cells. The three databases provide distinct views on the components involved in transcription: transcription factors and their binding sites and binding profiles (TRANSFAC), the regulatory hierarchy of whole genes (TRRD), and the ...
McCracken S - - 1997
The lymphoid-specific protein tyrosine kinase, p56lck which is essential for both T cell development and function, is aberrantly expressed in colon and small lung carcinoma lines. In this paper, we demonstrate p56lck is also expressed in colon tumour biopsies due predominantly or exclusively to the use of the lck type ...
Hogg A - - 1997
Primary murine fetal hemopoietic cells were transformed with a fusion protein consisting of the ligand-binding domain of the estrogen receptor and a carboxyl-terminally truncated c-Myb protein (ERMYB). The ERMYB-transformed hemopoietic cells exhibit an immature myeloid phenotype when grown in the presence of beta-estradiol. Upon removal of beta-estradiol, the ERMYB cells ...
Coffman J A - - 1997
The CyIIIa actin gene of Strongylocentrotus purpuratus is transcribed exclusively in the embryonic aboral ectoderm, under the control of 2.3 kb cis-regulatory domain that contains a proximal module that controls expression in early embryogenesis, and a middle module that controls expression in later embryogenesis. Previous studies demonstrated that the SpRunt-1 ...
Bein K - - 1997
The protooncogene c-myb is a nuclear transcription factor that shares significant sequence homology with two other myb family members, A-myb and B-myb. Recent studies have suggested that c-myb is involved in regulation of the cell cycle via control of intracellular calcium [Ca2+]i concentration. Given the limited cell type expression of ...
Raschellà G - - 1997
Neuroblastoma cells can undergo neural differentiation upon treatment with a variety of chemical inducers and growth factors. During this process, many cell cycle-related genes are downregulated while differentiation-specific genes are triggered. The retinoblastoma family proteins, pRb, p107, and pRb2/p130, are involved in transcriptional repression of proliferation genes, mainly through their ...
Ansieau S - - 1997
B-Myb belongs to a family of related transcription factors which share a unique DNA binding domain. B-Myb plays an important role in regulation of the cell cycle. Its expression is upregulated by the human papilloma virus HPV16 E7 oncoprotein. Overexpression of B-Myb can bypass p53-mediated cell cycle arrest. The founding ...
Miglarese M R - - 1997
Dysregulated expression of basic fibroblast growth factor [fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2)] mediates autocrine growth of melanoma cells. The presence of a consensus Myb binding site in the human FGF-2 promoter prompted us to investigate whether this transcription factor could regulate FGF-2 expression in melanomas. We report that c-MYB mRNA ...
Stockwell D T - - 1997
finP multicopy repression and traJ multicopy derepression indicate that the ratio of sense to antisense transcripts is important in the regulation of R100 conjugation. The extension of R100 traM transcripts into traJ shows that promoters in traM can affect this ratio, making the regulation of traM transcription important in the ...
Ramalingam R - - 1997
Similar to other stages of Dictyostelium development, spore germination is a particularly suitable model for studying regulation of gene expression. The transition from spore to amoeba is accompanied by developmentally regulated changes in both protein and mRNA synthesis. A number of spore germination-specific cDNAs have been isolated previously. Among these ...
Suhasini M - - 1997
During hexamethylene bisactamide (HMBA)-induced differentiation of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells erythroid genes are transcriptionally activated while c-myb and several other nuclear proto-oncogenes are down-regulated. Differentiation is inhibited by cAMP analogues and the adenyl cyclase-stimulating agent forskolin. We found that these drugs prevented the late down-regulation of c-myb which is known ...
Ziebold U - - 1997
A-myb, a conserved member of the Myb proto-oncogene family, encodes a sequence-specific DNA binding protein (A-Myb) that binds to and transactivates promoters containing myb-binding sites. Previous work has suggested that the C-terminus of A-Myb functions as a regulatory domain, however, the physiological signals that control the activity of A-Myb have ...
Brandt T L - - 1997
Identifying transcriptional regulators of DNA topoisomerase II alpha (topo II alpha) is essential to decipher the mechanisms underlying leukemia cell resistance to topo II-directed antitumor drugs. We have previously reported that the proto-oncogene transcription factor c-Myb transactivates the topo II alpha promoter in several hematopoietic cell lines. Currently, we investigate ...
Kho C J - - 1997
The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors E12 and E47 regulate cellular differentiation and proliferation in diverse cell types. While looking for proteins that bind to E12 and E47 by the yeast interaction trap, we isolated the rat (r) homologue of the human (h) polymyositis-scleroderma autoantigen (PM-Scl), which has been localized ...
Marhamati D J - - 1997
The Myb family of transcription factors is defined by homology within the DNA binding domain and includes c-Myb, A-Myb, and B-Myb. The protein products of the myb genes all bind the Myb-binding site (MBS) [YG(A/G)C(A/C/G)GTT(G/A)]. A-myb has been found to display a limited pattern of expression. Here we report that ...
Thompson M A - - 1997
In the hemopoietic system c-myb expression is required for proliferation of immature cells and its down-regulation is required for differentiation. In colonic mucosa c-myb expression occurs at levels comparable to immature hemopoietic cells. Inhibition of c-myb expression in colon cell lines, using anti-sense oligonucleotides, indicates that c-myb expression is required ...
Bies J - - 1997
Analysis of retroviral integration sites in MuLV-induced promonocytic leukemias has determined that two genetic loci, c-myb and Mml1, can contribute to disease development but not in the same leukemia. Recent studies aimed at understanding the function of Myb in leukemia development have focused on the consequences of ectopic Myb expression ...
Brandt T L - - 1997
DNA topoisomerase IIalpha (topo IIalpha) is an essential proliferation-dependent nuclear enzyme which has been exploited as an anti-tumor drug target. Since the proliferative status of human leukemia cells is associated with expression of the c-myb proto-oncogene, c-Myb was investigated as a trans-activator of the topo IIalpha gene. Using topo IIalpha ...
Bernstein H S - - 1997
The Schizosaccharomyces pombe cdc5 gene product is a cell cycle regulator that exerts its effects at the G2/M transition in fission yeast. We describe the cloning of a putative human transcription factor, pombe Cdc5-related protein (PCDC5RP), which bears significant homology to S. pombe Cdc5 and to expressed sequences in mouse, ...
White J - - 1997
The production of the red-pigmented tripyrrole antibiotic undecylprodigiosin (Red) by Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) depends on two pathway-specific regulatory genes, redD and redZ. RedD is homologous to several other proteins that regulate antibiotic production in streptomycetes; RedZ is a member of the response regulator family. redZ transcripts were detected during exponential ...
Gadson P F PF - - 1997
Previously, we demonstrated that avian vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) derived from embryonic abdominal and thoracic aorta grow differently in the presence of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta1) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) (Wrenn et al., In Vitro Cell. Dev. Biol. 29, 73-78, 1992). The thoracic VSMC (N-VSMC) are derived ...
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